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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 14, 1939, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME n A 0 N R H I S f 4 AR T DtPr of THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLV ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FUU LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY MARCH 14 1939 THIS PAPEB CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 133 NAZIS END CZECHOSLOVAK NATION T T T T T T V V f T f f T f f Slovakia Declares Seize Area Hitler Engineers Collapse Germans Mass Near Border HOUSE WOULD PLACE CONTROL UNDER EVERETT Amendment Upsets Senates Plan for Safety Commissioner BULLETIN DES MOINES can consolidation forces suf a major setback in the Iowa hojjse Tuesday when he lower chamber adopted a pub lic safety bill amendment re movine the proposed depart ment from the governors jur isdiction and placing it under the slate attorney general The senate agreed to take up the teachers pension bill at a m March 22 and de layed consideration of the farm tomarket road bill from Wed nesday until Thursday The vote approving tlie amendment offered by Kep L O Lampman Frimghar ivas 59 to 44 Representative Dean IV Peisen Il Eldora consolidation committee chair man led the unsuccessful fight against the change DES MOINES drive to call Secretary State Earl G Miller and W Earl Hail Mason City editor before the Iowa house in ar investigation ot the state safety council conflict was over whelmingly defeated in the house Breese and Decker Elected to Mason City School Board Tuesday Vote on a resolution by Hep Gustave Alesch Marcus to delay faclibn on the puttie safety Vote Heaviest Since 1924 Proposals to Sell Property Approved TABLE ON PAGE 11 Garfield E Breese local attor ney was reelected to the school board in the annual election here Monday polling 1305 votes of the 1974 cast Jay E Decker was chosen to fake the place of B A Webster who resigned a month ago Mr Decker polled 11VO votes Neis Landgren labor candidate received 636 votes and Mrs G W Cady 567 in the heaviest vote since 1924 Only 31T voted in the election a year ago Both propositions to sell school property carried by large plurali ties The one providing for the sale of the Jackson school proper ty which will no longer be needed with the completion of the new Roosevelt junior high school carried by a vote of 1782 to 117 The one authorizing the boardto sell three houses on Madison ave nue northwest occupying ground purchased for the playground ad dition to the Monroe junior high school carried by 1626 to 163 Mr Breese is completing his first three year term as director this month and during his term of office has been active in further ing the establishment of the junior high school system As an attorney his counsel often was important to the boardwhen a decision was to be made involving legal techni calities Mr Decker is the sqn of the founder of the Jacob E Decker and Sons packing plant and until about ayear ago was active in the management of the business He re 79inbesr The foes would have been asked to appear Thursday morn ing before the house sitting as a committee of the whole At Odds With Miller Hall who is president of the safety council has been at odds with Miller over council and high way patrol policies ever since the secretary fired f o im e r patrol chief John R Hattery The safety department bill would remove the highway patrol from Millers jur isdiction in a consolidation of en forcement and inspection func tions into one division under the governor senate The bill passed in the alterUsacquisition by Ar Tiour anTdConTpany butis ive in several other businesses inn the city DUNN SELECTION STILL UNCERTAIN Biermann Suggested for Marshal Gillette Not Consulted WASHINGTON Whether Nine of those voting for the res olution were democrats In squelching the resolution the republican leadership accused Alesch of seekingto stir up dis sension against the safely meas ure Dont you think we ought to include an invitation to Joe Louis and Max Schmeling Rep resentative Earl C Fishbaugh Shenandoah asked Not Joking Matter This is not a matter of jok ing Alesch responded In all fairness to the republican party and to this legislature this mat ter should be cleared up Alesch asserted some insinu ating rumors have been circulated j about this fight He quoted Miller as saying the safety coun cil had spent 575000 in state funds Under provisions of the safety department measure Alesch said the council would be given the right to spend state funds Re publican leaders retorted that any allocation for safety education work would have to run the gam ut of the house and senate ap propriations committees Tells of Interview Alesch told of calling on Miller and informing the secretary he would blast Miller out of office if the stories we heard about the official were true Miller replied Alesch contin uedthat he would resign if any body could bring proof thst he Miller ever had done anything Mr Miller stands on that promise the legislator added For that reason I want Mr Miller to be here and his enemies as well he continued If they have any proof that he is not qualified he will resign Blue Assails Alesch Alesch asserted that a senator had told him the safety bill which would remove the highway patrol from Millers jurisdiction had passed the senate because Miller was continuing to double cross people in connection with the duties ol his own depart ment Representative Robert D Blue Eagle Grove asked Alesch he was asking for an investiga tion or impeachment I want them to come here and answer questions Alesch replied Blue then assailed Alesch for Senator Guy M Gillette DIowa will be consulted concerning the appointments of United States dis trict attorney and marshal for northern Iowa was uncertain Tuesday The term of Ed Dunn of Mason City as district attorney expires Wednesday Marshal John B Keiths term expired eight months ago and he is in office as a hold over Keith lives in Sioux City Dunn actively supported former Representative ptha Wearin in the administrations attempted purge of Gillette last year Early this winter Dunn spent several days here It was said at the time he sought assurance of reappoint ment over Gillettes opposition Hasnt Been Asked no question at all about patronage Gillette has with me By agreement handled federal patronage in northern Iowa and Senator Her ring that in southern Iowa except in the first and ninth districts which are represented in the house by democrats The post office department has been requesting and following Gillettes recommendation for postmastership appointments in northern Iowa Several Suggested Gillette said Ray Rccd of Wat erloo had been suggested by friends for the attorneyship as had John D Anderson of Sioux City Horace Van Meterof Waterloo Carl Hageman of Waverly former Iowa Atty Gen John Mitchell of Fort Dodge Ed Breen of Fora Dodge Frank Gilloon of Dubuque and others The senator said Keith and for mer Representative Fred Bier mann of Decorah had been dis cussed for the marshals job Mr Biermann has not asked for the appointment he has been suggested by friends Gillette said If I am asked for recommenda tions for attorney and marshal I shall he guided in part by geogra 130WORKERSIN TWO LAUNDRIES OUT ON STRIKE Closed Shop Principal Point of Contention Between Firms Union Practically all of more than 130 laundry and dry cleaning workers in the Ideal American laundry 22 First street southwest and the Lyons Laundry and Dry Cleaners Inc 2939 Second street south west were out on strike Tuesday Striking workers formed pickel lines at both plants and attempted to prevent the laundries from re ceiving any new orders The strik ers agreed however to permi deliveries of all laundry and dry cleaning orders in the plant when the strike was called A police officer was stationec at each plant but no violence was reported Closed Shop Issue The principal point at issue wa that of closed shop according t C M Lyons president of thi Lyons latedry and W J Hola han general manager of the Idea American All other issues in con troversy between employers am union employes have been set tied or were in a state of negotia tions when the workers walke out Monday evening it was stated The strike was called followin a vote by members of the Intet national Launderers Cleaner Dyers and Pressers local union A F of L affiliate in which it was decided 47 to 10 to strike accord jngrTtorJoeiPeasesiuniotirbusiness tr V Asked Hour Agreement Mr Pease stated that in addi tion to the closed shop issue the workers also protested failure of the employers to include any hours limitations in the counter proposal which they had submit ted to the union The iniion is asking for a 46 hour maximum and 40 hour guar anteed minimum week in the laundry division and 48 hour max imum and 42 hour minimum week in the dry cleaning division He indicated that the question ot wages was secondary at this time since the employers a month ago raised the minimum pay from 22 cents an hourto 25 cents an hour effective March 1 Negotiations Going On The managements of the laun dries stated that the weekly hours question and a wage scale for the cleaners was in a state of negotia tion when the strike was called We could have settled every thing else but refused to proceed with negotiations further when Pease insisted on the closed shop Plea for WPA unds Made yy Roosevelt Asks Stating Responsibility Rests With Congress WASHINGTON Hoosevelt describing the relief iituation as very serious told he law making branch Tuesday hat responsibility for appropriat ng sufficient money to cany on WPA until July 1 rests of neces sity on congress While not recommending a spe cific deficiency figure the presi dent in a special message asserted recent data furnished him sub stantiated the real need of his previous proposal for an addition al appropriation of 5150000000 Barkley Predicts Passage This was the amount cut b congress from his original Janu ary request for S875000000 to rut WPA the last five months of the fiscal year and which he askec to have restored in a message Feb 7 In his message Tuesday Mr Hoosevelt said there had been n substantial change in condition of unemployment since then Immediately Senator Barkley of Kentucky the democratic lead er predicted the senate would vote the 5150000000 Senator McNary of Oregon the republican chief said the sum would be approved if it were needed for relief and not for Asks WPA Inquiry Barkley asserted that prompt action was necessary if there was not to be a sharp reduction in WPA rolls on April 1 and that he saw noneed forlengthy hear ings Meanwhile just before the other should come from the east I havent been asked for rec If one were to come from ommendations by anybody repI the west part of the district lie resenting the president or the de partment of Justice Gillette said Tuesday I might conceivably be asked for such a recommendation in the next few days If I am I shall be very glad to discuss the matter with the presi dent or the department of justice The administration has raised Keith has been marshal for six years The senator declined to discuss the possibility of the senates re fusal to confirm Dunn if the president should reappoint him introducing his resolution in the safety department bill debate when he knew of this conflict for weeks The republican floor leader also wanted to know why former Sec retary of State Robert E OBrian a democrat was not included in the motion Says Names Avoided He authorized the money the safety council might have spenl Blue commented Representative Dean W Peisen Eldora told the house that the consolidation committee which he heads made it a practice of avoiding even the mention of names in drawing up this legisla tion Mr Millers or Mr Halls part in this was never discussed he said Mr Alesch knows also that the safety council issue was not part of this bill two years ago The democrats voted down a similar measure by Peisen in 1937 The safety department bill which would unite approximately 260 employes into one state divi sion under a public safety com missioner survived another at tack when Speaker John R Irwin ruled out of order a motion to table the measure The Weather FORECAST IOWA Cloudy snow in north west rain turning to snow in northeast much colder Tuesday niffht moflcrale cold wave in northwest Wednesday consider able cloudiness colder in cen tral and east portions much colder in extreme cast portion MINNESOTA Snow Tuesday night probably heavy in north portion probably ending Wed nesday morning much colder in west and south portions severe cold wave in southwest and cx rcme wcsC portions Tucsday night colder in cast Wednesday strong northeast shifting to northwest winds Iowa Shippers Forecast for Tuesday Night Northwest 5 northeast 15 southwest 20 southeast 25 Des Moines HO IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics Maximum Monday 47 Minimum Monday night 30 At 8 a m Tuesday 34 YEAR AGO Maximum 52 Minimum 28 said Mr Holahan This is not a closed shop town and the maintenance of a closed shop in our business xvould only add to an already difficult situa said Mr Lyons Started in February Organization of the two laun dries here got under way in Feb ruary 1938 with the manage ments taking the position of not interfering with the organization We did not attempt to keep any employe from joining the un ion Mr Holahan pointed out I took the position that we would be glad to sign any kind of contract presented if the organizer could procure a like contract from other large laundries operating in this territory which pay a wage scale much smaller than here Need Large Territory There has never been a dollar made in the laundry business in Mason City since 1931 except for a few months in 1937 he added The reason for this was the fact that the industry here was so overequipped that it became nec essary to get the business in an area 150 miles from Mason City This labor was kept employed be cause we reached out and brought this business to Mason City In Des Moines for instance no laundry has to go outside of a 15 mile radius Coal in Mason City costs two and a half times as much as in Des Moines and water twice as much More than 60 per cent of the laundry work done in Mason City comes from out of town One Plant Sufficient Either of our plants the Lyon or the Ideal American can do 5C per cent more work than is pro vided in the Mason City territory proper In all there are four plant in Mason City The managements of the plants stated that negotiation with the union got under way Frf day and that practically every presidents message to the house Representative Cox D Ga announced from the floor that he was introducing a reso lution to broaden the powers of the appropriations committee so as to make possible a full investi gation of the WPA Faced With Condition The government of the United States is faced today with a con dition and not a theory the chief executive declared Tlie insuffi ciency of the money appropriated will compel the administrator to discharge about a million and a uarter actual workers in the im mediate future I cannot bring myself lo be leve that these discharged men nd women will contribute to the prosperity of the United States lor do I believe that the merch nts and landlords they are now baling with will become pros ierous when their trade ceases Therefore the responsibility or the situation in which all of hese people will find themselves during the coming three months of necessity within the de congress of the ision of the United States 2 Rent Farm for 30 Years Then Buy It KEOSAUQUA rent ng alia acre farm near here for 30 years Mr and Mrs Evans Craig changed their status They bough he farm on which they paid ren or three decades hing was settled when Mr Feasc raised the closed shop issue We made up our minds tha with the competition we have wil lower wage scale plans in Oehvein Waterloo Cresco and other place that the closed shop would mak he situation unbearable said Mr Lyons Pickup Cost Too High There is not a plant among th 30 reporting to the National Asso ciation of Laundry Owners tha has a pickup and delivery cost o more than 16 per cent Becaus of the miles we travel in an cffor to keep 75 persons in their posiI Slovaks SLOVAKS TAKE STEP AS HITLER GIVES SUPPORT CarpathoUkraine Is Partly Occupied by Hungarian Troops BULLETIN LE1TMEKITZ German Sil dctenland of German artillery and cavalry and searchlight batteries with full field equipment left Lcit meritz at 6 a m noon E S T Tuesday moving in tlie direction of Liboch on the CzechGer man border Liboch in German territory is just across the PostMunich frontier from the Czech town of Melnik about 24 miles north cast ot Prague BRATISLAVA W CzechoSlovak republic was torn apart Tuesday by a Slovak par liament acting under the protec tion of Adolf Hitler and with a pledge of German troops to aid n case of trouble The parliament of the central ection of the shrunken three lart republic declared the inde icndence of Slovakia and created i new nation under Germanys ving shortly after noon CarpathoUkraine the isolated easternmost section regarded now as lost to Prague was reported partly occupied by Hungarian roops Report Troop Movements In Prague the CzechoSlovak central government resigned in he crisis Therewere reports of arge troop movements in Ger many The parliament decided on a republican form of government and named Dr Joseph Tiso as fret premier of independent Slo vakia Tiso reported in detail liis con versations with Hitler in Berlin VTonday night He returned from the German capital where he had jone at Hitlers invitation with a promise of Hitlers protection should Slovakia decide to strike out for independence Parliament was asked Shall Slovakia be independent The members voted by rising It was unanimous Tiso was ousted last Friday by the centra government of Slo vakia on charges of tolerating a Slovak separatist movement Separation Is Complete Prospects were that Tiso also would become president or chief of state No formal constitution had been drawn up so the nature of the office of president was still to be specified Our separation from the Czechs is complete Tiso told the Asso ciated Press correspondent a few minutes after the historic session of parliament Vast problems remain and our next concern will be to draft a constitution Some of my colleagues are suggesting that I lead the state but that is a mailer for the fu Talked With Hitler The parliament met behind closed doors to decide the issue of cutting Slovakia loose from the shrunken CzcchoSlovak republic and create a new European na tion under the protection of nazi Germany It had been convoked at Ger manys insistence Tiso flew back from a Berlin conference with Chancellor Hitler to preside The peace of Munich made Slovakia autonomous within the CzechoSlovak state Tuesdays decision between independence and continued connection with the Prague government was de cided by a standing vote and was a foregone conclusion even before parliament met The new Slovak nation has a population of 2600000 mostly State Envisioned by Wopdrow Wilson and Versailles Treaty Ends BULLETIN PRAGUE Prague office of the Witlkowitz Iron and Steel Works said works manager at MoravskaOstrava hat re ported by telephone that German troops had marched into that Czech city and occupied it PRAGUE CzechoSlovak federal state was formally dissolved by its government and a half months after its first dismemberment at one foreign army already invading its soil and another threatening to march in It collapsed after Slovakia guided by Adolf Hitler de clared its independence Thus ended the republic envisioned duringthe World war by President Woodrow Wilson and created at theVersailles peace conference Hungary Sends Ultimatum Hungarian troops marched through the Carpathian val leys of the countrys easternmost region and the Hungarian government gave Prague until 3 p m Wednesday 8 a m S T to get Czech troops out of CarpathoUkraine Germanys overwhelming army waited outside the fron tiers drawn by the Munich accord for an order to enter if need be Fears were expressed in Nazi Troops Are Massed Along Border BERLlft postwar re public ot Czech oSlovakia col lapsed Tuesday under the military threat of nazi Germanys march to the east With Nazi Fuehrer Adolf Hitler putting on the pressure the dis membered republic was splitting up into three independent states on the anniversary of Germanys seizure of Austria First to go was Slovakia which proclaimed its independence at Bratislava early Tuesday with the support of nazi armed forces massed along the frontier and ex pected to march across the border after midnight Have Hitlers Consent Second was the easternmost tip of the little republic Carpatho Ukraine which was reported by radio to have declared its inde pendence a few hours later Pre viously Hungarian troops had battled Czech soldiers on the Car pathoUkraine frontier invaded the with the tacit consent sent an ultimatum to the Prague gov ernment demanding withdrawal of the Czech troops In 24 hours The action meant either Hungar ian overlordship or annexation which appeared more likely over CarpathoUkraine to give Hun gary and Poland a common fron tier tions 52 weeks a year our costs are 274 per cent If we were work ing under normal conditions we would have money to split with our employes Some of the girls who have been with us 16 years are working in the plant today keeping the organization going We believe the people who have been with us that period of time should know if the conditions are right Most of the trouble comes from girls who have been with us only a few months The Lyons and Ideal American managements stated they con sented to the socalled checkoff system for collecting dues pro viding for retaining the union dues out of the pay checks on writ ten notice from the employes The third part ot the republic Bohemia and Moravia remained to ibe Czechs but only under nazi suffrance and President Emil Hacha left Prague for Berlin to ask Hitler what to do Massed Along Frontiers German police were massed along the Czech and Slovak fron tiers and German garrisons near by were at full strength Slovak sources asserted that the nazi troops would occupy four Czecho slovak cities but information coming from persons close to the nazi foreign office was that sev eral thousand of Hitlers body guard regiment and storm troop ers would march into Slovakia In addition Slovak sources be lieved nazi troops would march into Czech territory to protect Germans from alleged Czech ter rorism Germany obviously was given a free hand in central Europe by Great Britain and France which kept hands off Hitlers sudden move to force full cooperation by the Prague regime official circles that the repub lic might yet become a battle ground if Hitler chooses to chal lenge Hungarys effort to annex CarpathoUkraine President Emil Hacha accom panied by Foreign Minister Fran tisek Chvalkovsky left by train for Berlin to confer with the German ore than ever master of central Europe It was in a 90 minute confer ence with Dr Joseph Tiso now premier of Slovakia that Hitler Monday night engineered the Slo vak secession and creation of Eu ropes newest nation Early in the afternoon it was denied officially that the Ger man army had entered the country despite some reports to the contrary Collapse of the federal union through the Slovak declaration of independence at Bratislava was first announced to this Czech cap ital at 3 p m Czechs were unprepared for the magnitude of the shock but they received the news calmly and with resignation Anxiety quickly spread among Jewish inhabitants and German emigres whose first thoughts were to flee if possible There are about 21000 Jews in Bohe miaMoravia Hundreds of persons rushed to foreign consulates seeking visas The official announcement ot the federal dissolution called on Czechs to observe discipline and try o understand the situation How the Czechs would reorga nize Bohemia and Moravia was clear We worked together 20 years with the Slovaks and certainly not o the detriment of the Slovaks the government announcement iaid That is attested to by flourish ing cities and towns in Slovakia The state federation is dis solved Czcchs Without Hate act leaves every Czech without enmity or hate We wish them the Slovaks a happy fu An unanswered question im mediately confronting the new nation was its relation to Carpa third and east ernmost political division of CzechoStovakia after Munich Diplomats Are Excluded CarpathoUkraine was reported being occupied by Hungarian troops There has been agitation in Hungary and Poland for Hun garian annexation of Carpatho Ukraine thus creating a common PolishHungarian frontier Ger many has opposed the plan The Slovak parliament meeting opened at 10 a m Only some 40 deputies were present and only they were al lowed in the building Even for eign diplomats were excluded from the square in front of the government building COOGAN AND MOTHER AGREE Will Divide Equally Remaining of Film Earnings HOLLYWOOD CUP Jackie Coogan and his mother have agreed to divide equally approxi mately worth of prop that remains of the esti mated S5000000 Coogan earned as a child film United Press learned Tuesday The agreement will settle a long court fight between the two ture The nesv situation also changes matters in Prague The govern ment will take the necessary steps called for by the new situa tion The announcement ended with a call for discipline and under standing CzechoSlovakia apparently could not survive the amputa tions of last October andNo vember when large park of a oncethriving republic were taken by Germany Poland and Hungary These were the steps today that led up to the announcement of dissolution This is what happened Tues day President Emil Hacha under pressure from Adolf Hitler con vened the Slovak parliament The Slovaks declared themselves an independent state with Dr Jo seph Tiso as the new premier The CzechoSlovak cabinet of Premier Rudolf Beran drew the consequences fvom this secession and resigned The Czech unity party was
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