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Mason City Globe Gazette: Friday, March 10, 1939 - Page 1

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 10, 1939, Mason City, Iowa                             HIST MEM ART OEPT OF IOWA OES UolNtS U NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLV ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES riVB CENTS A MASON CITY IOWA FBIDAY MARCH 10 1939 Lewis Peace Offer Is Laugh of Week WASHINGTON The trick in the John Lewis peace offer was just a shade too obvious to be good It was the laugh of the week here but was not so treated public ly because no one else wanted the grim nego tiations to start off on a hu morous note If the offer had been seri ously intended it would have been a move to get control of anl Malton the AFL 11 simply suggested AFLs Green get out while Mr Lewis retained con trol of his United Mine Workers Union the strongest and there lore a potentially dominating union of the proposed setup But old Hamlet switched his character to that of Falstaff with out the aid of a pillow or a change of makeup for this occa sion His peace offer is reported to have been conceived by his CIO publicity man Len De Caux a good one All they wanted to get out of the offer was newspaper head lines announcing AFL Rejects Peace Proposal which they did Considered Insult A number of Falstaffian jokes were in the proposal Grimmest and funniest was the one propos ing a pension for Mr Green and Frank Mojrison secretary of the AFL The implication was the two AFL leaders were just hanging on to theirjobs for a living and that Lewis would see they were taken care oldage pensioners AFL this was consid ered a studied Lewis alsp suggested a new overall president for labor be selected from Jhe railroad broth V1 1 ij on those who donoiappreciate how much AFLers and ClOers are jealous of the railroad brother hoods For instance when Madame Perkins chose one of her assistant secretaries McLaughlin from the brotherhoods a CIO official re marked We would have raised a fuss if you had appointed an AFL man but we would rather have seen you do it than a broth erhood man President Roosevelts advisers Were a little worried after Lewis made his proposal for fear it might blow up the whole peace movement The AFL crowd how ever took it aj the joke it was and proceeded to business Big Jap Navy Budget Tokio dispatches have been carrying some new officially faked figures on Japanese armament expenditures War and navy au thorities here did not even grant the figures the courtesy of being clipped for the files They were announced by the Japanese war minister and indi cated Japan was embarking on merely a 5329000000 six year naval construction program if you convert the yen into dollars at 273 The Japanese are accustomed to handle their budget figures so as to keep all foreign governments in a haze All that authorities here know about these new ones is that they do not mean anything It is evident however that the new program is to be superim posed on the one in last years budget from which will remain at the end of this Jap anese fiscal year March Also the Japs can build two or three battleships for what the U S pays for one The difference in the wage scale here and there is about 1 to o which incidentally is another evidence of the compara tive living standards in dictator nations and democracies They pay their workers a few ounces of rice a day while ours are the highest paid in the world If you make allowances for these differences the small Jap anese building budget a billion dollar naval building pro is almost exactly even with oars The Japanese further are be lieved to have a secret defense fund which does not go through their diet In extreme cases they can go through the supreme coun cil to the emperor himself and get money directly from the treas ury It is not done often because the hoodwinked legislative branch of the government objects but in matters of national defense the government has been able to get away with it Nothing is of less consequence than a Japanese naval unless it is a Russian German or Italian statistic Copyright Klnc Features Inc TROUSERS ARE STOLEN HUNTINGTON W Va ff While the Rev J C Bucklej was out in pajamas and overcoat to help fight a fire which destroyed his church a thief stole his trous ersfrom his home he told police THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 130 DEMANDS DY ITALIANS REDUCED KENNEDY WILL REPRESENTS AT CORONATION Record Crowd of More Than 35000 Expected for Sunday Ceremonies VATICAN CITY the first time a president of the United States will be represented offi cially at the crowning of a pope when Pius XII on Sunday re ceives his triple tiara amid scenes of medieval splendor on the loggia of St Peters basilica The American ambassador to London Joseph Kennedy is due in Home Saturday as the official American representative at the ceremony which is expected to draw the largest crowd ever as sembled in the eternal city Vatican authorities expect more than 350000 persons to jam St Peters piazza and open spaces be yond to witness the coronation Fortyfive thousand may sit or stand inside the vast church throughout the fivehour ponti fical mass preceding the corona tion Will Be Broadcast It will be the first time in near ly 100 years that a pope has been crowned outside St Peters The late Piux XI was crowned inside the basilica but after the lateran accord by which Italy and the church reconciled their differ ences he made his first appear ance on the balcony in 1929 The coronation mass and cere mony will be broadcast to the world also for the first time Forty foreign missions are to attend King Alfonso XIII of Spain may attend iribu rials erectedinsidethtbasilica for formal occasions to seat the Popes family the nobility diplomats and Roman aristocracy there will be a special stand for the foreign missions Will Use High Throne Two other tribunals are being set up in the basilica for distin guished witnesses At the moment when the glit tering jewelstudded golden tri rengo or triple tiara is placed on his head by the dean of cardinal deacons Caccia Dominion the Holy Father will be seated on a specially built throne some 60 feet above the vast throng For his safety it will have iron railings Before the crown is placed the cardinal deacon will have handed to the pontiff the pallium or white wool scarf in a ceremon ial tracing its origin to Old Testa ment times The pallium represents the mantle which fell from Elijahs shoulders onto Elisha Will Receive 25 Coins It has been the custom at an other part of the ceremony to present the new pontiff with a white silk purse containing 25 coins the customary offering for a mass well sung in recognition of his participation in the corona tion mass Notwithstanding that the cor onation occurs in Lent the tra ditional joy ot the occasion is such that all participants in the solemn rites will be dressed in full costumes prescribed for gala events The doors of St Peters will be opened at 6 a m 11 p m CST Saturday and the pontifical mass will begin about a m a m C S Wad low Gives Testimony Ihafspecial chair made especially for him Robert Wad low sits in a St Joseph Mo courlroom where libel suitagainst Dr Charles Humbrcd of BernardMo is being heard The Alton III giant who is 8 feet inchestall and 21 years old is talking with one of his lawyers HI E Newell Contrast the difference in their sizes News Reels Shown to Jury to Depict Wadlow Character Giant Sues Doctor Who Wrote He Was Surly Unfriendly Judges Called on to Define Defense in Espionage Case LOS ANGELES the first time since congress passed the espionage act during World war days a judge was called upon Friday to define national de fense under its provisions The ruling vitally affects the fate of two men and a woman ac cused of espionage to aid Russia It will also indirectly valuate counterespionage activities of the United States Hafis Salich an Americanized Russian former naval intelligence attache admitted handing over secret reports to Mikhail Gorin a soviet travel agent The defense contended the reports dealt only with the Japanese and therefore did not endanger this countrys national defense hence no espion age was committed Judge Ralph Jenney will clar ify the matter in his final in structions to a federal court jury of middleaged businessmen and industrial leaders who must de cide the fate of Salich Gorin and the latters blond Russian wife Natasha ST JOSEPH Mo news reels were used Friday in an effort to convince a federal jury that Robert P Wadlow the Alton 111 giant was not libeled when Dr Charles Humbert wrote that he was apathetic surly and un friendly is suing Dr Humberd nationally known authority on giantism for The case probably will reach the jurylate Friday Adjourn to Theater The principals in the case the jury Judge Merrill E Otis and court attaches Friday adjourned to a theater for the defenses showing of excerpts from several news reels Hundreds of persons who jammed about the theater were disappointed when informed they could not enter for the free show After the jurors had seen pictures ofWadlow at hume cele brating a birthday playing bas ketball as a Boy Scout working with a circus and seeing the sights in New York they returned to the jury room for the closing phases of the case Dr Humberd told the jury giantism had been his hobby for 16 years and that his library on the subject went back to the year 1514 He owns two of the three skeletons of giants that are in this country Had Measured Wadlow There are 17 giants in the United States now that I know of he testified They are all friends of mine My files contain clinical information on giants from all over the world Dr Humberd said Wadlow al lowed him to take measurements of his head arms legs and neck but charged him 50 cents to take his picture He said Wadlows parents did not directly oppose the examination but did refuse to Rober allow him to examine again the next day 2 Other Giants Testify I never bore any malice to ward Robert at any time hi said I regard him as the most extraordinary example of giant ism I have ever seen and in my opinion everything in the article I wrote is true Two other giants Texas Jack Earle 7 feet 6 incnes and Glenn Hyder a mere 7footer testified Thursday that Dr Humberd was known among giants as prob ably the best informed man in the country on giantism They said he was well regarded by all the oversized men they knew 14000 MADRID REBELS GIVE UP TO MIAJA RULE Tanks Smash Way Through Revolters Franco Outside Walls MADRID Mechanized army units summoned to the aid of General Jose Miajas govern ment Friday smashed their way with tanks into Plaza Manuel Becerra strategic square on the east side of Madrid crushing com munist revolters in their path There was no indication imme diately of the number of casual ties but it was announced official ly that 14000 rebellious soldiers had surrendered since Thursday General Miajas supporters as serted they had uprooted most of the communist nests which had been holding out including the hiding places of communist snip ers who had been firing at the approaching loyal troops Apparently the only means of determining the extent of the up rising which started Monday were the official announcements of various surrenders Communists demanding die hard resistance to nationalist Gen eral Francisco Franco fomented the vraiwithinawar against their republican codefendefs of Madrid after Miajas council took control and sought an honorable Seized Vantage Pointy The troops called byMiaja from the Valencia zone occupied and disarmed communist outposts as they marched into Madrid The rebels had seized various vantage points in Madrid in effec layinig siegeto various areas ant supporters o Miaja Communist soldiers challenged civilian pedestrians and askec them whom do you support Negrin or Casado Former Pre mier Juan Negrin advocate of bitterend resistance was oustec early Sunday by a defense coun cil uprising led by General Segis mundo Casado Trapped Between Fire Any soldier issuing such a chal lenge disclosed himself immediate ly as a revolter against Miaja anc pedestrians either fled or re mained according to their sympa thies The troops moving up to Ma drid into Plaza Manuel Becerra apparently trapped many com munists between republican fire from in front and behind The Miaja cabinet announced that numerous political hostages had been found imprisoned in the communist nests and immediate released F R Says First Estimates of Relief Needs Hold Good Special Message to Be Sent Monday or Stassen Plans to Call Conference on Raising Farm Income ST PAUL Harold E Stassen said he planned calling a conference of farm leaders and midwest governors soon in an at tempt to draft a plan designed to raise agricultural income The governor speaking before the annual convention of the Land OLakes creameries said the con vention would not be held how ever until after the legislature had adjourned Farm income must be in creased Stassen said before employment and its allied prob lems can be eliminated FSCC Stops Buying Butter on Open Mart CHICAGO but ter prices dropped 1 to 1 cents a pound Friday in their second session since the Federal Surplus C o m m o d ities corporation an nounced that for the time being it had discontinued buying butter on the open market Pins Buttons and Clips Removed From Stomach of Baby CHICAGO UR Eightcer months old Joanne Worth fel better Friday because doctor found out what it was she ate tha didnt agree with her With th aid of a bronchosoope doctors re moved from her stomach Four open safety pins Two buttons Two hair clips One celluloid bar pin The Weather FORECAST IOWA Probably occasional rai Friday night and Saturday rtsin temperature Friday night and i cast and south portions Saturday MINNESOTA Cloudy probabl occasional snow or rain in eas portion Friday night and Saiur day and in west portion Frida nigrht rising temperature in eas and southcentral portions an somewhat colder in Red Rive valley Friday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistic Maximum Thursday 3 Minimum Thursday night 2 At 8 a m Friday 2 YEAR AGO Maximum 3 Minimum 2 Youth Sits on Bridge Span Demanding Job ni m Jr CLEVELAND year old Ray Stana perched him self 100 feet above traffic on a bridge span Friday and said he would not come down until somebody gives me a job Stana read and took it easy at his perch He leaned over help fully and lifted a corner of one of his earmuffs toward a re porter who sought to interview him but the traffic roar was too much A cameraman climbed the arch where Stana crouched Few persons saw Sfana almost hidden by the bridges interlac ing girders The first word of his presence came from a friend Seymour Sidney Seymour 18 said Stana had told him two weeks ago that if h didnt find work soon he woul climb the DetroitSuperior hig level bridge and sit on its to until he did I thought he was kiddin then Seymour said but la night he said he was going to start today and that if I didnt believe it to come and see When I arrived he was up there already Tuesday to Congress AVASH1NGTON Roosevelt said Friday that his riginal relief estimates of early anuary still held good The chief executive would not tate however whether this meant that in a special relief message lo be sent to congress ither Monday or Tuesday he vould insist upon a supplemental VPA appropriation of 8150000 00 About 850000 needy persons re now on WPA waiting lists iver the country Mr Roosevelt xplained He said that this was n increase of about 100000 over the number on the waiting list an 3 Had Expected Increase This increase he said was pre dictable and he had expected it because of economic conditions vhich prevail in January and Pebruary As of Jan 3 the president con tinued he had expected that about 300000 persons would be ut off relief rolls by July 1 the jeginning of the new fiscal year Since there are 3850000 either on the rolls or on waiting lists ic explained the total as of July 1 should be around 3530000 Confers With Group The president meanwhile summoned members of the house appropriations subcommittee to he white house to discuss his forthcoming request for addition al money for WPA The group is headed by Chair man Taylor D Colo Mr Roosevelt has asked for an additional to operat WPA until July 1 but has indi cated the figure might be change in the light of latest reports BiHifiuU to Keolttce Senator Byrd discuss ing the subject with reporters said There is only one place tha any money can be saved thi year and that is in the large ex penditures not represented in the regular budget such as relief Byrd pointed out that mos budget estimates already had been presented to congress and that from a practical standpoin this made it more difficult to ob tain reductions He indicated nevertheless tha economy advocates later migh propose a blanket percentage cut Forced to Cut WPA The difficulty that Mr Roose velt would encounter in any at tempt to reduce relief expendi tures was highlighted Thursday by a statement from Col F C Harrington WPA administrator that unless congress grants 000000 by April 1 he would be forced to begin drastic reduc tions in relief rolls He said that the more than 3 000000 persons now on the rolls might have to be reduced to 2 000000 and that even if congres voted the the reduc tions would have to go forwart at the rate of 150000 a month One of the leaders in the econ omy movement Senator Harrison said after a confer cnce at the white house Thurs day that Mr Roosevelt was in thorough sympathy with efforts to reduce government spending if it could be done IOWA BEVERAGE TEST IS HEAR Drastic Amendments on Beer Bill Offered to Representatives More Legislative News on Pages 2 14 DBS MOINES ff Drastic amendments to the beer bill and possible committee action on a liquor by the drink measure stirred opposing legislative forces nto action Friday as the Iowa louse neared a test on the alco lolic beverage problem Representative Robert C Reilly Dubuque filed an amend ment striking all the beer bill after the enacting clause and sub stituting a measure allowing city councils full discretion in the number of class B permits that they might issue The bill now limits councils to one permit for each 750 popula tion Reilly said his measure has the support of the Iowa tavern keepers organization Roan Seeks Approval Representative Philip F Roan Fort Madison house liquor control committee chairman an nounced he would seek committee iproval Friday of a modifiec local option liquorbythedrink bill Already on the calendar is an option bill but of another sort The latter measure by Represen tative H K Morrow Hopkin ton applies the principle only to sale of beer and to the operatic of liquor stores It would continue the presen ban on sale of liquor by the drink Representative Herman Knud Mason Cityoh the othe har proposed to tighten the re aonsin the present beer bil v Against Class C Permits Reillys bill also would eiiminat class C permits issued for off the premises consumption sales would reduce the proposed danci floor minimum from 1000 to 801 square feet for class B taverns would permit operation of subur ban beer parlors and would allov roadhouses and filling stations t sell the beverage Unsuccessful in an outrigh elimination attempt legislative foes of the Iowa planning boarL Friday laid plans to attack the uni again in the coming financial de liberations of the general assem bly The Iowa senate Thursday de feated a bill to abolish the plan ning unit when the opposition drummed up only 24 votes agains PITT STUDENTS MAKE PROTEST Group Demonstrates in Strike Effort Professor Uses Fists PITTSBURGH group of Universityof Pittsburgh students demonstrated noisily for several hours Friday shouting and parad ing into class rooms in an effort to stampede the student body into a oneday strike A majority of classes remained in session Dr James C Charlesworth 39 year old professor led a counter movement with his fists that sent demonstrators fleeing from his political science classroom Dr Charlesworth broke his glasses A statement by a selfstyled student spokesman said the pupils were expressing disagree ment over the administrative policy of the university and that it was not a football matter Some of the signs carried by the strikers however protested the resignation of Dr John Bain Sutherland as football coach the agency tr 10 on the othe side A bill must receive a consti tutional majority or 26 votes t pass the senate It would taki permission of twothirds of the upper house to reconsider the voti by which the bill failed Faces Appropriations Group Eight republicans sided will the 32 senate democrats to defea tthe proposal The board now must run th gamut of the appropriations com mittee if it is to have sufficien funds with which to operate fo the next two years Even the boards friends concede that lin ing up financial support for the ARRIVES IN WASHINGTON WASHINGTON Birm ingham state democratic chair man in Iowa arrived here for a stay of several days but declined to comment on any business he hoped to transact while in the capital agency ccdure will be a difficult pro LOOK INSIDE FOR EUGENE WEIDJIANN Trial on Charge of Murdering Six Begins PAGE 2 64 Employed on WPA Projects in Mitchell PAGE 8 Mason City Wins in First Cage Meet Bid PAGES OPTIMISM FELT IN ENGLISH AND FRENCHGROUPS Chamberlain to Sound Out Sentiment for Arms Limit Conference LONDON at last has officially formulated her terri orial demands on France in a note presented to the French gov trnment on Wednesday a usually rustworthy diplomatic source said Friday The note was said to include a statement of Italys claims to rights in the port of Djibouti in French SqmalUand and the rail way leading from the port to Addis Ababaand also to Italian minority rights in Tunis Cause Feeling of Relief Information here suggested that he proposals are less drastic than the Tunis Nice Corsica demon stration in the Italian chamber of deputies in December and the ut Lerances in the Italian press since that time have indicated The information caused a feel ing of relief here and strength ened the belief that Prime Minis ter Neville Chamberlain intends to sound out opinion in world capitals soon on holding an arms limitation conference It was reported that he sought first to negotiate an air force limitation agreement with the principal European powers and then to widen negotiations to in clude the United States and other world powers Report Wave of Optimism It was intimated in inspired quarters that he hopedto discuss limitation of all sorts of tarma ments in the hig conference and to include economic problems This discussing Ger manys colonial claims as bt a general European appeasement agreement A wave of optimism for which diplomatic quarters sought in vain to find the reason seemed to be sweeping Great Britain and France alike as regards the gen eral European political outlook Chamberlain particularly was represented as believing that the prospective end of the Spanish civil war would improve the situ ation materially He said thae Benito Mussolinis claims against France for concessions in colonial Africa would be much more lim ited than was originally indicated Will Issue Invitations AH London newspapers carried inspired articles Friday morning reporting Chamberlains hope of calling an armament limitation conference It was intimated in well in formed quarters that the prime minister intended to issue invi tations to a military airplane lim itation conference as soon as the ItalianFrench difficulties had been ended provided his sound ings of capitals were encouraging He seemed to have reason to think that they would be The plan for arms limitation conferences was disclosed appar ently as part of a considered pro gram which started with debates on army and air force estimates in the house of commons Stresses French Support In the army debate Wednesday War Secretary Leslie HoreBelisha disclosed that in the event of a European war Great Britain necessary would send an expe ditionary force of 19 divisions or from 170000 to 300000 France In the air force debate Sir Kingsley Wood air minister des cribed the remarkable speed up of British plant production and then said I do not want there to be any misconception regarding our stra tegic policy We have not aban doned our traditional reliance on the value of the counteroffensive as an essential element of our air strategy A powerful striking force is a vital component of any sound system oE air defense Could Send Bombing Fleets This meant in simpler words that in event of war Britain was prepared to send bombing fleets to strike at enemy cities Sir Kingsley said that the gov ernment was organizing air force reserves in East Africa at Singa pore and at Hong Kong Simi larly HoreBelisha in announcing plans for a British expeditionary force to France disclosed that the government was organizing stra tegic reserve armies in Palestine and India Discussing air force expansion Sir Kingsley said that the govern ment expected to receive 650 mili tary airplanes from United States factories this year By next year he said it was hoped that air planes would be delivered from new Canadian factories He added There at any rate we have the beginnings of a great development and what may well prove to be an invaluable supplement to our production   

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