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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 23, 1937, Mason City, Iowa H S MEM 6eT or ii t xv J NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPERTHAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLIII FIVE CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FUU LEASED WIRES MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY SEPTEMBER THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP FOUR SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 299 Hugo Blacks Appointment Senate at Fault as Much as F R Says Stewart ICGEST NAVY IN WORLD BY CHARLES P STEWART A S H I N GTON Pres ident Roose velts oint ment of Hugo L Black to the United States supreme court generally is fe g a rd e d in W a s hi n g t on now as having been the worst mistake of the present white house tenants career His campaign for increase in the court per sonnel is widely spoken of as having been a bad mistake too However many of those who objected to court change agreed with the president that the high tribunal has been a very re actionary body throughout its whole history They did not like packing but they favored limi tation of the august benchs au thority by amend ment It was not the presidentia objective it was its proposed method that they fought Besides the president did suc ceed in scaring the court into a measure of acquiescence in the new deal program He won a least a partial victory But Black In connection with that appoint ment the white house the spot Change in Opinion Hugo L Black may prove to be Jf pressure of public opinion does hot force him to resign an excel lent justice but certainly it never will be forgotten that he is reputed to have been a member of the Ku Klux Klan It is a testimonial to todays sanity in our country that any past association with the Klkn is a politically fatal thumbsdown sign against anyone so affiliated Not so many years ago it would not have been journalistically safe to E ay this but happily it is now The Klan is not entirely dead but it is weak officials do say that they to advertising their organization has had from Blacks appointment to the supreme court This perhapis true Nevertheless do not believe it to amount to much Pop Up Occasionally These intolerant groups like the old K K K of the reconstruction era the subsequent KnowNoth ings the later A P A and the more recent Klux have a habit of popping up at about 30 year in tervals I do not believe that the most recently nearlydefunct Klan can be appreciably resurrected yet LEGION ELECTS DAN J DOHERTY Roosevelt Makes awhile Time passed enough has not Nobody hashad the hardihood to contend that Hugo Black if ever he was a Klansman is en titled to a place on the federal su preme bench Was Black ever a Klansman Of course I dont know I do luiow That he was supposed to be one and never denied it while the Klan was in political power in the south and elsewhere Evidence Is Strong The evidence is pretty strong Black always was so considered and did not dispute it He has not yet The senate knew all this when it confirmed Blacks appointmen to the supreme court The senate did it because it is a matter of senatorial politeness to confrm any senator for anything A few senators balked It does no often occur that tliere is any dis sent from such an appointment The presidential appointmen may be open to question But how about the senates ac quiescence in it Pierce Only Slightly Injured When Motor Train Hits His Auto The southbound M St L mo tor train No 8 strucka car driven iy D R Pierce 1012 Tyler avenue northwest at the Thirteenth street crossing near the Jacob E Decker Packing plant at oclock Wednesday evening Mr Pierce had nearly cleared the track with his Model T Ford coach when the motor car caught the rear end of it swinging the ear around into the side of the train and damaging both the front and rear end of the auto A clear view of the approaching train had been obstructed by a line of boxcars according to Mr Pierce He received a cut above his right eye and a gash on his back but was not apparently serr iously injured The car was badl damaged J T Elder Marsh all town was the motorman J J Hayes Oska loosa conductor and B E Spoon er AlbertLea brakeman BODY SENT TO IOWA ALEXANDRIA Minn body of Dr Paul Clark Knoxville Iowa has been sent to Iowa for burial Dr Clark died at Ten Mile lake near Akely Minn I Recommends Big Increases in Standing Army and Air Service NEW YORK J Doherty 43 year old Woburn Mass lawyer who served 17 months in the American navy dur ing the World war was elected national commander of the Amer ican Legion Thursday His selection by the 1339 dele gates to the nineteenth annual convention was unanimous Doherty had been regarded as a favorite but a tough fight had been expected with the delegations in favor of Raymond J Kelly De troit corporation counsel Besides Kellys name the names of Milo J Warner of Toledo and Stephen Chadwick of Seattle were placed in nomination Roar of Cheers Chadwick withdrew his candi lacy when it became apparent Doherty was elected on the first and Kelly who ran closes o Doherty moved that the election je made unanimous The motion vas carried The Massachusetts delegates vent wild They filled the Metro politan opera house where the anal session was held with1 a roar of cheers The other delegation oined the vast resounding chorus of yells Doherty is the first nationa commander New England has evei lad It looked like a fitting climax to convention which had been pretty generally called the greates arid the best natured in the Le gion s history National Defense Yrogram The Legions national defense program report calling for thi aiggest navy in the world and big increases in the standing army was adopted amid whoops an shouts The report was submitted by Robert J Shaw chairman o Sigourney Iowa as the delegate met in the Metropolitan open ouse It recommended continuation o trainini officer training camps recommended navy second to none in the worli and increases in the standing army to bring its strength to 180000 a nee The report also recommended a additional guard of 210000with 4 paid armory drills a year bigge air service and a naval auxiliar of merchant ships Would Bar Helium Sale Still another point in the repor adopted was the recommendatio that not one cubic foot of helium gas be sold to any foreign natio nor be allowed to be exported fo any reason The committee recom mended that control of helium ga be vested in the war departmen Helium gas is noninflammabl and is used in army and navy dir igibles The German ship Hinden burg which was destroyed by fir at Lakehurst on May 6 last use hydrogen which made it an eas prey to flames The export of helium for com mercial uses only was legalized re cently by the government large because of the Hindenburg trag edy Immisration Restrictions The Legion also adopted the re port of the Americanism commi tee submitted by William Schwartz chairman of Charleston S Car opposing lesseningof im migration restrictions to perm greater number of aliens to ente the citizens military camps and the reserve New Legion Chie Route of President Roosevelts Tour to the Northwest Route of President Roosevelts trip to Seattle Wash to visit his daughter Mrs John Bocttiger and return is shown above To the right is a picture of the presi dent on the rear platform of the presidential special Except for an address at Bonneville clam on the Columbia river on Sept 28 no formal speeches were sched uled for the president On his re turn trip en route to Washing ton the president will dedicate the new Outer Drive bridge in Chicago on the morning of Oct 5 He is duo in Washington on the of Oct 6 he country and calling for the de jortation of those attempting to roster the growth here of com munism fascism arid naziism The Americanism committees report likewise stressed the ne cessity of protecting property tor its rightful owners and voiced a protest against present methods of strikers N The proper way to settle strikes the report said was in the courts of the land and not by intimida tion of property owners The Americanism committee also submitted a resolution adopt ed with the others by acclamation proposing deportation of undesir able aliens for the purpose of re ducing domestic relief burdens Report by Colflesh The convention likewise gave unanimous approval to the legis lation committees resolution that congress be urged to enact the universal service bill which would make it possible to draft wealth and industry as well as manpow er in time of war R W Colflesh of Iowa chair man of the committee read the resolution and approval was by ac clamation The Legion went on record as opposed to any march on Wash ington by any body of citizens for the purpose of intimidating the president or congress with a view to influencing legislation The resolution reatl by John Gilmore of Michigan chairman of the resolutions committee said the Legion recognized the citi zens right of petition and peace ful assembly but opposed movements on the capital Approved for further study was a recommendation seeking to pre vent major arid minor league base ball clubs from contracting for the services of high school boys play ing on junior Legion teams President and Mrs Roosevelt onrear platform of train below Map of route above Melby Stresses Teaching Principles of Democracy Northwestern Dean Speaker at3 County Session Here DANIEL 3 DOHERTY HAMILTON DIES FROM INJURIES Sheffield Farmer Victim of RunAwayWhile Cut ting Corn Hamilton 60 died Wednesday night at the hospital in Hampton from injuries received Monday when his team ran away while he was cutting corn He suffered lacerations of the scalp a mangled arm and se verebody bruises Funeral services for the victim will be held Friday afternoon at oclock at the M E church iri Iowa Falls the Rev Mr Butler officiating Hamilton who lived west of Sheffield wascaught in a wheel of the corn binder when the team ran away and he was dragged to the barnyard where one of the horses fell down Lou Ellison em at the farm rescued him Born Oct 27 1868 near Brad ford he resided near Bradford and Iowa Fallsuntil moving last year to the Sheffield farm Surviving fire his wife and five children Mrs R M Rominger and Mrs Kermit Johnson of Des Moines Kennethof Iowa FallsRaymond of Mason City Wash and Mil dred at home We as teachersi must teach the children of this country in the principles of democracy I think the best way of explaining de mocracy is conveying the under standing that it is made up of three faith in peo ple second respect for personal ity and third belief in the de sirability of growth and change These were the words of adinon ition given out by Dean Ernest O mass I Melby of Northwestern university as he gave the address Wednesday night which completed the one day institute for teachers from Cerro Gordo FranMin and Worth counties here in Mason City Hazards for Democracy Strife and open warfare along the Mediterranean sea the situa tion obtaining in Italy Germany and Russia and more recently the outbreak of hostility in the far east all serve to emphasize the fact that the democratic pattern of life is indeed in a precarious hazardous position the man from Evanston told the teachers Wed nesday night in the high school auditorium The important feature of schools is the type of life that is lived in them All this is so easy and simple to say but it is so difficult to put into practice he warned Preceding Dean Melby on the evening program were Myrtle Hooper Dahl regional director of midwest department of classroom teachers in the National Education association and Henry H Boyce Mason City one of the leaders in the movement to obtain legislation for teachers retirement annuities in Iowa M C H S Band Plays Mason City high band under the direction of Carleton Stewart opened the evenings pro gram with a brief concert The National Education official outlined a number of teachers re tirement and pension plans now in operation in various parts of the midwest and added that in each ofthese cases the results were ob tained only after a great deal of intelligent political activity on the part of the teachers The day of the passive attitude toward politics is gone for the teacher the speaker said Compliments lowans She deplored the fact that only one fifth of the teachers in the United States are members of the N E A and put forward thai situation as the principal obstacle standing in the way of federal aid Iowa teachers who through the efforts of such men as Mr Boyce came within three votes of getting a retirement system for teachers in this state last year in the gen eral assembly are to be compli mented the speaker stated She also emphasized the fad that the N E A is of just as much value to the rural teacher as it is to the urban instructor SO THEY Former Senator L J Dickinson opposing the administration farm program Under the present lead ership itseems the new deal re forms shall come first and the farmer shall bide his time t i Herbert Hoover former pres ident of Hie United Stales Any man who says he doesnt want to be president is not frulliful to start wilh Commits Suicide on Undertakers Steps CHICAGO body of Charles C Kirchner 70 of Mani towoe Wis was found Thursday on the steps of an undertaking es tablishment he visited two weeks ago when he told the proprietor youll be seeing me in a couple of weeks Kirchner was shot through the head Police found in his pockets a cemetery deed and a note giving directions his funeral and say ing I am sick and tired of liv ing A 32 caliber pistol was found near the body The mans pockets contained 15 cents Crash Mothers Condition Critical DES MOINES cdndi lion of Mrs James Welborn crash mother was described by hospital attendants as very criti cal OIL FIRE RAGES FOR FIVE HOURS San Francisco Flames Fe by Explosions of Oil Drums SAN FRANCISCO by I explosions of huge oil drums and streams of flaming liquid a spec acular oil fire in the industrial section defied efforts of almost the entire San Francisco fire depart ment for more than five hours Wednesday night and early Thurs day Thirtyeight of the citys 49 en ine companies fought the roaring flames in the Standard Oil com panys storage plant while explos ions shook the ground like a series of earthquakes before the blaze was brought under control Blazing oil gushers and flying sparks endangered industrial plants and business structures over a wide area Approximately 80000 gallons of oil and a large loading station were destroyed Company officials said damage probably would not exceed Fire Chief Charles Brennan said the conflagration was the worst oil fire in San Francisos history The fire origin of which has not been determined broke out in a loading station and spread to a small gasoline warehouse Then the whole house ex ploded said William OKeefe who was on the scene The ex plosion shook the area like an earthquake and blew oil al over the street Ku Klux Klan Discussed on Special Train ABOARD ROOSEVELT TRAIN ENROUTE TO SEATTLE Roosevelt changed his riginnl plans and decided to make is first rear platform appearance his west coast tour Thursday afternoon at Clinton Iowa The decision was made after his 0 car special left the Chicago vestside where charges of Ku x Klan affiliation against As ociate JusticeHugo L Black fig ured in a general talk with Illi nois democratic leaders Rep Adolph J Sabath of Chi go toldnewsmen he had in ormed the president that the Jlack incident had done more good han harm Has Killed Ihc Klan While a great many people hink that it has been bad pub icity nothing has done moregood o eliminate the Ku Klux Klan abatli said It has killed the Klan Sabath added the belief that the Klan charges against Black would also put an end to the nazi movement in the United States Mayor Edward J Kelly of Chi cago who boarded thetrain at the Joot street yards with Govs ienry Horhcr of Illinois and R L Cochran of Nebraska Senator William H Dieterich and Patrick A Nash democratic na tional committeeman for Illinois said the Klan incident was men tioned in a kidding way1 during their talk with the president First Lady Waves The chief executives decision to make a brief appearance at Clin ton revised his first schedule to wait until the train reached Chey enne Wyo Friday morning for his initial rear platform talk While the train was switched through Chicago Mr Roosevelt did not appear but Mrs Roosevelt stood on the steps of the private car and waved to the spectators Thursday night a five minute stop was due to be made at Car roll Iowa and a 20 minute pause was scheduled later at Omaha Nebr Governor Cochran of Ne braska was due to board the train at Carroll for the ride lo Omaha Chinese Concrete Defense Line South of Shanghai Reported Broken IOWAN GETS YEAR ERIE Pa H Mc Laughlin of Davenport Iowa was sentenced to a year and a day in federal prison for interstate trans portation of a stolen automobile The Weather FORECAST IOWA Showers probable Thursday niffJit and Friday cooler in northwest and extreme west Thursday night cooler Friday much cooler in west and north MINNESOTA Cloudy show ers Thursday niffht and prob ably in east portion Friday morning cooler Thursday ninht except in northeast and extreme southeast portions much cooler Friday IN MASON GITY GlobeGazette weather for 24 hour period ending at a m Thursday Maximum 94 Minimum 55 At 8 a m Thursday 75 LOOK INSIDE FOR HERBERT HOOVER Wont Say Hes Out of Presidential Picture PAGE 2 Biermann Seeks 4th District Farm Plan PAGE 15 Mohawks to Tackle Austin Friday Night PAGE 9 Directed Not Guilty Verdict Given Bohac PAGE 8 PE1PING Japanese mili tary authorities announced Thurs day their army had shattered the Chinese concrete defense line north of Paotingfu and had driven the Chinese baclc in handtohand fighting to within a mile of that strategic base 80 miles south of here Sharp anxiety was felt for five American citizens who were be lieved to have remained in Pao tingfu which Japanese warplanes have been bombing daily Japanese declared that Kuo chuang village threequarters of a mile north of Paotingfu fell to their attack at a m and the capture of the city itself was im minent Japs Cross River The smashing offensive against the strong Chinese defense line began as soon as darkness fell Wednesday night the Japanese said when they forced the cross ing of the Tsao river eight miles above Paotingfu on the trunk rail road to Hankow and then assault ed the concrete Chinese redoubts that form a virtually unbroken wall across central Hopeh prov ince The Japanese storm troops grappled handtohand with the Chinese in the cjarkness the Japa nese announcement said and aft er a desperate resistance broke through the crumbling Chinese line Near Sixty miles toithe east at the other end of the fortified Chinese line the Japanese were reported within 200 ynrds of Tsangchow on the railroad from Tientsin to Nan king The Americans said to be still in the beleaguered city are Dr Maud Mather Los Angeles the more than 70 year old direc tor of the Presbyterian hospital Minnie Wither Mt Joy Pa a nurse assisting Dr Mather Daisy Atterbury Now York City in charge of the Presbyterian mis sion Abbie Cliapin Glondale Cal and Elmer Gall Shenaadoah stale not who are stay ing at the mission 2000 KILLED WOUNDED IN CANTON BOMBARDMENT SHANGHAI thou sand Chinese most of them refu gees are estimated to have been killed or injured in two days Japanese aerial bombardment of Canton south China city The raids Wednesday and Thursday left weeping women and wailing children searcliing the ruins of densely packed dwelling areas of the poorer classes Thousands roamed the streets bewildered and almost deranged with anguish and terror Nanking Not Raided Japanese planes and warships joined in Thursdays bombard ment of Canton and Haichow causing widespread damage Nanking earmarked by the Japanese for destruction as the seal of Chinese resistance was not raided again however as the Japanese wore apparently im pressed by the seriousness American British French and German protests against unre stricted bombardment of the civil ian population Warplanes which Wednesday bombed Canton Chinas metropo lis 500 miles southwest of here five times killing an estimated 300 civilians returned to the attack in the early morning Chinese Give Bailie At 4 a m the heavy drone of warplanes signaled a short bomb ing and at G a m nine bombers carried out the most spectacular raid yet made on Cnnton In flights of three the squadron dropped over the city and in the fnce of a scaring fire from anti aircraft batteries loosed their pro I jectiles and flew awny unscathed Chinese defense planes rose in the early morning air to give bat tle and thousands gaped in the streets at the thrilling dogfights overhead There were no reports of any casualties on either side The SinoJapanese war ceased on all fronts Thursday as far as the Japanese were it was only for It minutes At dawn the quarter of a million Jap anese soldiers on the north China and Shanghai fronts paused to pay homage to the emperor as the descendant of the sun goddess It was the Japanese autumnal festival in honor of the emperors imperial ancestors one of the most sacred of Japanese rituals While the rain came down in sheets the soldiers on all fronts dropped their arms and turned tlicir faces rev erently toward the imperial palace
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