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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 24, 1937, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLIH FIVE CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PBSSS FULL 1EASED WIRES MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY MAY THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 195 Major Administration Victory Gives It Clean Sweep in Litigation Before High Tribunal This Term WASHINGTON administrations prized social security legislation intended to protect workers against another depression and to provide for them in old age emerged unscathed today from its constitutional test by the supreme court In epochal decisions the tribunal sustained provisions ot the federal measure providir f unemployment insurance and old age pensions It then upheld tate unemployment compensation laws to supplement the federal acr This major administration victory gave it a clean sweep in its litigation before the high tribunal this term Justice Stone delivers the 5 to 4 opinion upholding the Alabama unemployment act similar to those enacted by 45 other j states and by the District of Columbia It was a test of the legislation Cardozo Delivers Decisions I The provisions of the unemployment insurance provisions the federal act were upheld by a 5 to 4 vote and those granting old age pensions by a 7 to 2 ballot Both decisions were delivered by Justice Cardozo Early this term the hijih tribunal sustained by a 4 to 4 vote a similar law enacted by New York The evenly divided vote was due to the absence of Justice Stone then ill Fortyfive states and thr District of Columbia have passed meas ures supplementing the fcneral act to protect persons against future eunemployment The vote on the unemployment COURT APPROVES Roosevelt Asks Flexible Labor Law JOB INSURANCE PENSIONING AGED LOOK INSIDE FOR SIGISMUND LEVANEFFSKY Set for Dash Across North Pole to U S PAGE 2 Hog and Corn Prices Both Rise at Chicago PAGE 14 insurance section was 5 to 4 with Justices Van Devanter Butler and McReynolds dissentjng The tribunal upheld the old age pensions provisions by a 7 x 2 ballot with Justices McReycolds and Butler dissenting on the ground that the legislation was repugnant to the tenth amend ment and violated state rights Reorganization Bill Pending Word of the courts action quick ly passed on capitol hill where President Roosevelts court reor ganization bill was pending Some said the courts rulings would de feat the measure others took the contrary position Speaking for himself and six other justices in ruling on tht old age pension section of the security law Cardozo said The purge qf nationwide calam ity that began in 1929 has taught us many lessons Not the least is the solidarity of interests that may once have seemed to be divid ed The problem is plainly nation al in area and dimensions to provide a cushion against eco nomic depression To induce states to adopt pro grams of their own and carry out j the purpose of the federal act the i legislation provided that employi ers could deduct up to 90 j of the federal tax by paying that amount to the state 45 State Laws Fortyfive states and the Dis trict of Columbia have adopted programs approved by the federal social security board Those that did not are Illinois Missouri and Florida Eleven states specified that their own program should be dropped if the federal act were held unconstitutional Twenty four provided that the program should be suspended to await a decision as to the future by the governor or the legislature Ten states and the District of Colum bia enacted legislation indepen dent of the federal act The measure imposed a tax on employers payrolls ranging from Hope of Peace Seen in Spanish Civil War PAGE 4 COL 2 North lowans to Take Highway Patrol Tests PAGE 8 Love Is for Tomorrow Starts in This Issue PAGE 3 Marshalltown Vet to Give Memorial Talk PAGE 16 116 Entries Shoot for Golf Title of P G A PAGE 9 contention is that it confuses mo tive with Only One Objection Justice Sutherland dissented only from the requirement of the unemployment insurance plan that states deposit trieir reserve one in 1936 to three per funds in the United States treas Moreover laws of the sepa cent in 1938 and thereafter It j ury rate states cannot deal with it efI was not applicable to agriculture He said he believed the unem Congress at least had a labor domestic service seamen ployment insurance tax and other basis for that belief States Lack Resources and local governments are often lacking in the resources that are necessary to finance an adequate program of security for the aged This is brought out with a wealth of illustration in recent studies of the problem Apart from the failure of re sources states and local govern ments are at times reluctant to in crease so heavily the burden of taxation to be borne by their resi dents for fear of placing selves in a position of economic disadvantage as compared with neighbors or competitors We have seen this in our study of the nrob em of unemploymentcorpCTSa lion Has Special Dancers A system of old age pensions has special dangers of its own if put in force in one state and re jected in another The existence of such a system is a bait to the needy and dependent elsewhere encouraging them to migrate and seek a haven of repose Only a power that is national can serve the interests of Among spectators that crowd ed the packed courtroom as the two decisions were read were Sen ators Robinson of Arkansas prom inently mentioned to succeed the retiring Justice Van Devantar and Senator Connally a foe and employes of the federal and state governments May Work Together social security Car dozo said is an attempt to find a method by which public agen cies may work together to a com mon Every dollar of the new he added will continue in all likelihood to be sued and needed by the nation as long as states are unwilling whether through timid ity or for other motives to do what can be done at At least the inference is per provisions of the plan were valid but said the government would in vade states rights in its control of the reserves deposited in the treasury Criticizing one phase of the un employment insurance plan Suth erland said Everything which the act seeks to do for the relief of unemploy ment might have been accom plished as is done by this same act for the relief of the misfortunes of old age yithout obliging the states to or share with an other government any of its pow missible that congress so believed j though retaining undiminished freedom to spend the money as it Justice Butlers dissent said the Affect State Action pleased On the other hand fulfillment of the home duty will be light ened and encouraged by credit ing the taxpayer upon his account with the treasury of the nation to the extent that his contributions under the laws of the locality have simplified or diminished the prob lem of relief Duplicated taxes or burdens are recog of the court bill Before reaching the cid age pension section of the act Car dozo read the opinion of five majority justices upholding unem ployment security phases of the law Powers Not The as serted does not call for a sur render by the states of powers essential to their quasisovereign existence It the 67th birthday of the Junior member of the court point of service The unemployment insurance provisions taxed employers of more than eight persons to assist in caring for the future jobless and state or national may properly avoid If congress believed that the general welfare would better be promoted by relief through lo ca units than by the system then in vogue the cooperating locali ties ought not in all fairness to pay a second time Taxpayer Not Coerced Who then Js coerced through tax provisions if not amounting to coercion1 in a legal sense are manifestly designed and intended directly to affect state action in the respects In his old age pension opinion Justice Stone asserted that the New Arrests in Anfinson Murder Seen CORWITH of two or three more arrests in the inves tigation of the murder of Bert Anfinson Corwith beer parlor operator was in prospect perhaps Monday it was indicated County Attorney W D paly said war rants for these arrests are likely to be issued Word received Tuesday from laboratories at Iowa City indicated that blood found on the shirt of Frank Weider suspect held at Al gona was not chicken blood as Weider had maintained Further analyses are being made to de termine whether it is human blood Funeral services for Anfinson were conducted Sunday afternoon at the Methodist church in Belmond with a throng present that could not be accommodated in the structure Services at Home Many remained outside while the Rev J S Hutchings pastor of the Methodist church officiated at the services for the lormer Bel mond man Brief services were held earlier at oclock in the home of the murder victims sisterinlaw Mrs Fred Fulton of Belmond Burial took place at the Bel mond cemetery where the body was placed beside that of Mrs Anfinson who died Jan 3 The coffin was banked with a profusion of flowers Music at the church was by the mixed quartet the Congregational church Born In Buffalo Center Thirty yearsago Mr Anfinsoa Buffalo Center where he was born 14 1889 He was married to Hermine Fronting Their one daughter Virginia now Mrs Glenn McClellan was born at Belmond Surviving him in addition to his daughter who recently was a bride are a brother Martin Buf falo Center and three sisters Mrs Julia Olson Clear Lake Mrs Ber tha Gangness Buffalo Center and Mrs Carrie Steinhoff Fort Dodge Meanwhile Weider maintained his innocence Sheriff Brower said I hardly think hes the man we but nevertheless assist ed by state officers he continued to work on clews which might have a bearing on Welders con nection with the case TAIRDAYSPAY FOR FAIR DAYS WORKSOUGHT Hits Child Labor and Those Employers Who Exploit Unorganized WASHINGTON Roosevelt asked congress Monday to enact a flexible labor law guar anteeing to labor 5 fair days pay for a fair days Immediately after his message was read at the capitol a bill was introduced by Chairman Connery of the house labor committee and Chairman Black of the senate labor com mittee to put the presidents pro posals into effect As first described by Connery the bill called for a 40 cent an hour standard for minimum wages and a 35 to 40 hour week standard for maximum hours A short time later however Con nery produced a substitute mea sure which left the pay rate and the length of the work week blank thus putting up to con gress responsibility for the wage and hour standards Last Minute Change Connery said this change by which the administration asked congress to set its own labor standards was determined upon at the last minute In his message the president re frained from specific recom jnehdaHons But set this general Report Third Son Born to Col and Mrs Lindbergh goal for congress Our he said is to HONEYMOON ON LAND PLANNED Edward and Wally Not to Take Yachting Cruise or Plane Trips MONTS France duke of Windsor and Mrs Wallis Warfield nearing completion of their honeymoon plans have de cided not to take a yachting cruise Herman L Rogers their spokesman at the Chateau de ande said Monday Airplane trips ruled out he said and tfe honeymoon will be spent on land The duke is so displeased at stories that he knitted Mrs Wal lis Warfield a Wallisblue sweat er that he has threatened to dis continue press conferences unless ueh stories cease Rogers said age pensions it is not for us to Alabama law on its face and as I say applied to appellees is subject to j Tne answer to such inquiries no constitutional The 7 to 2 decision on pension reversed a ruling by the fedeva court at Boston holding the legis lation unconstitutional The legislation was challenged by George P Davis of WaJtham in a suit to prevent the Edi son Electric Illuminating company of Boston of which he was stock holder from paying the assess ment Pay Same Amount Both the employers and em the operation of this statute Not pioyes were required to pay the the taxpayer He pays in fulj sa7T1e I per cent of wages fillment of the mandate of the Jojup to a year for 1937 1938 cal legislature Notthe state and and increasing to 3 per Even now she does not offer a cent after 1948 Benefitsranging suggestion that in passing the un employment law she was affected by Cardozo then cited decisions by lower courts on validity of the Alabama unemployment compen sation act which supplements the federal legislation He then added For all that it appears she is satisfied with her choice and would be sorely disappointed if it were now to be annulled The difficulty with the petitioners from to a month were to be paid the worker when he be came 65 beginning in 1942 Agri cultural labor employes of the federal and state governments and persons more than 65 were exempt from the tax In passing on the pension sta tute Cardozosaid Whether wisdom or unwisdom resides in the scheme of benefits set forth in title 2 providing old must come from congress not the courts Our concern here as often is with power not with wisdom May Sap Virtues Counsel for respondent has re called to us the virtues of self re liance and frugality There is a possibility he says that aid from a paternal government may sap those sturdy virtues and breed a race of weaklings If Massachusetts so believes and shapes her laws in that con viction must her breed of sons be changed he asks because some other philosophy of government finds favor in the halls of con gress But the answer is not doubt ful One might ask with equal rea son whether the system of protec tive tariffs isto be set aside at will in one state or another when ever local policy prefers the rule of laissez faire The issue is a closed one It was fought out long ago When money to promote the general welfare the concept of velfare or the opposite is shaped by congress not the states So the concept be not arbitrary the lo cality must work out in practice those labor standards which will permit the maximum but prudent employ ment of our human resources to bring within the reach of the av erage man and woman a maxi mum of goods and of services con ducive to the fulfillment of the promise of American Connery gave this description of the proposed law Briefly stated without regard to qualifying detail the bill pro poses to bar from the channels of interstate commerce the products of child labor and of workers em ployed for unduly low wages un duly long hours or under condi tions which violate the rights of labor by the use of strikebreakers or Five Man Board The law would be administered by a five man labor standards board which would have wide powers to vary the standards es tablished according to the pecu liar needs of individual industries or groups of industries Except when the board ordered otherwise emplojers of 15 or less persons would be exempt from the provisions of the bill The proposed law would draw its authority from the power of the federal government to regu late interstate commerce and a considerable section of the 42page bill wasdevoted to detailing how employment of workers under substandard labor conditions af fected commerce between the The president explained that many could not be reached by any sort of federal leg islation and urged that states seek to enact their own Urges State Action No he said is justi fied in sitting idly by and iexpect ing the federal government to meet state responsibilities for those labor conditions with which the state may effectively deal without fear of unneighborly competitionfrom sister Allowing for a few exceptional Both Mother and Baby Well Aunt Announces at Cleveland Copyright 1937 By United Press CLEVELAND A son was born to Col and Mrs Charles A Lindbergh in England on corona tion night May 12 two close relatives of the flying couple an nounced Monday to the United States M r s Charles Long Cutter aunt to Mrs Lind bergh and her daughter Annie S Cutter said the family had received a letter to that effect Saturday It re ported that both the mother and baby were well The announce ment came first through a housekeeper to Mrs Cutter who authorized her to announce the birth It later was confirmed by Mrs Cutters daugh ter an employe of the Cleveland public library The Cutters said they had no knowledge of what name had been given the child Near Flight Anniversary The birth came only a week from the tenth anniversary of Lindberghs historic flight to Paris and on the day when the British crowning its new The Weather FORECAST IOWA Thundershowers prob able Monday night and Tues day somewhat warmer in cen tral and east portions Monday night cooler in extreme west Tuesday afternoon MINNESOTA Showers Mon day night and in east portion Tuesday becoming fair in west Tuesday somewhat warmer in east and cooler in Ked river val ley Monday night somewhat warmer along Lake Superior and somewhat cooler in extreme west Tuesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 a m Monday Maximum Sunday 73 Minimum in Night 51 At 8 A 31 Monday 61 For similar period ending at 8 a m Sunday Maximum Saturday 70 Minimum in Night 39 At 8 A M Sunday GO ruler Miss Annie Cutter at the li brary at first had disclaimec knowledge of the birth after its announcement from the Cutter home Later she acknowledged it was true Miss Cutter said the let ter described the child as a fine healthy The caution with which 1he news was guarded was character istic of fhe long travail through which the family went during the trying years of the investigations after the kidnapmurder of the first Lindbergh child Mrs Morrows Sister Mrs Cutter is a sister of Mrs Dwight W Morrow mother of Mrs Lindbergh and widow to the late ambassador Their home is in the exclusive suburb Cleveland Heights No statement on the birth could be obtained at Weald Kent Engj land where the flying couple lives The new son of Col and Mrs Charles A Lindbergh is the third born to the famous flying couple steel industries since their marriage May 27 1929 The fate of the first Charles A Lindbergh is known the world over His birth on June 22 1930 Ins mothers twentyfourth birthday anniversary was greeted by headlines which announced We Are A few months before his second birthday Charles Junior was kidnaped on March 1 1932 from the HopeweJl N home of his parents and later his body was found in the woods Appealed for Privacy On Aug 16 second son Jon Morrow Lindbergh was born At the time of Jons birth Col onelLindbergh made an appeal for privacy But threats to the family and publicity continued On Dec 22 1935 the Lind berghs and 3 year old Jon sailed for England and settled in the A F OF L WARS ON LEWISUO Launches Drive for More Members and Doubled Monthly Dues By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The American Federation of Labor launched its war Monday against John L Lewis and his Committee for Industrial Organi zation Meeting in Cincinnati the fed erations executive council formu lated plans which called for loyal unions to double their monthly dues to fight C I O expansion and approve expulsion of all local Dranches of Lewis unions from city central bodies and state fed erations The A F of L chieftains also discussed enrollment of new members by moving into territory claimed by Lewis coal ields textile mills and garment actories Challenge Is Answered Meanwhile C I O leaders an swered the challenge with contin ued activity in the automobile and trades and permitting longer hours on the payment of time and half for over time the president said a general maximum working week should not be difficult to Allowing for appropriate quali fications and general classifica Kentish village of Weald In the two years since Colonel Lindbergh became a virtual vil lage did not relax his precautions in Jons behalf how ever In addition to a police guard a huge police dog protects the estate on which the Lindberghs live The dog is trained to knock trespassers down and stand over them until help comes MRS LINDBERGH IK ENGLISH NURSING HOME LONDON Evening Mrs Charles A Lindbergh is in a nursing home in southern land added should also be possible to pat some floor below which the wage ought not to fall Bar Child Labor r be no difficultyin j of the senatemust be ruling out the products of children promptly from anyfairmarket The president said the proposed And there should also federal legislation shouldbe a In Detroit the United Automo bile Workers opened its drive to unionize the Ford Motor com panys workers The unions goal is to sign up a majority of the employes in the Dearborn factory Ford is the only major producer with whom the U A W does not have a contract The Steel Workers Organizing Committee looked to a peaceful settlement with the Crucible Steel company over demands for a contract similar to that signed by United States Steel subsidiaries calling for bargaining rights for S W O C members Cruci ble a union spokesman said would make an agreement or a strike will be called Mine Strike Continues The coal miners sit down strike in Illinois 360 feet below the sur face went on its fourth day Mon day Fred S Pfahler Chicago president of the Superior Coal company said conference with strike leaders We have dis cussed the situation thoroughly and are making Some employes of the Studebaker corporation at South returned their jobs after officials announced a general wage increase totaling annually The salary boost came after contract negotiations concluded by union snd company officials ending a three day Walt out dispute when it comes to the out of the interstate marketsprod ucts of employers who deny to heir workers the right of selfor ganization and collectivebargain ng whether through the fear of abor spies thebait of company unions or the use of strikebreak and not a hindrance to ot the goods ofAmerican industry move m interstate commerce anil recom there many purely and services which no federal legislation could Theabuses disclosed by the ineffectively cover Burglar Frightened Right Out of Shoes Apparently the burglar who enteredthe home of Sylvester was so badly frightened when Flesheim came to investigate ROCKEFELLERS ESTATE NOT TO BE LARGE ONE John D Dies 26 Months Short of Cherished Goal of 100 PICTURES STORIES PAGE 3 ORMOND BEACH John D Rockefeller the founder of the worlds greatest dollar lay stilled in death Monday just 26 rnonths short of his cherished desire to live to be 100 He would have been 98 years old July 8 The aged capitalist died Sun day morning at oclock C S at his winter home The drifting peacefully off to his final sleep after com plaining that he felt very His physician Dr Harry L Merryday attributed death to sclerotic myocarditis r harden ing of the heart muscles The nongenarian Croesus xvho rose from a a week clerk to mastership of a fortune esti mated as high as died a comparatively Small Estate A family spokesman said he left a relatively small very li quid estate Long ago since his retirement from active business at the age of 57 he had turned the bulk of his fabulous riches over to his only son John Rockefeller or spreadeagled it in philan thropic endowments to the far ends of the earth In his lifetime out of the gold en torrent that gained him the sobriquet of the greatest money Titan in all history he had given away the amazing sum of Other gifts by his son raised the total to more than S700 000 Body to New York A special train was ready Mon day to take the elder Rockefel lers body to his home in Pocan tico Hills N where a simple private funeral will be held Wed nesday Burial will follow on Thursday in Cleveland where in he trudged the streets for six weeks before he landed his first job as a bookkeepers as sistant Death came suddenly and un expectedly to the aged one time master of millions No immediate members of his family were present Despite bis age he had been in comparatively good health all winter He had outlived moiv than 20 physicians who attended him down the 3ears and lie was pronounced fine physical spec imen for his age when examined last June at his LakewoocJ IT estate by Dr Eugene Herbener Had Forsaken Golf The ravages of nearly a cen tury the first half passed in tu multous conflict in amassing his coiossal fortune from oil coal railroads and a myriad other hadforced him to curtail his activities He had forsaken his golf his church going and his whimsical practice of giving away shiny new dimes But his hope of becoming a full fledged centenar ian seemed likely to be fulfilled Then last Friday he became restless He complained that he could not sleep His condition was regarded by no means as alarm ing however and taken downstairs in an oVyator and wheeled out into the garden For several hours he basked in the Florida sunshine and appeared freshed On Saturday morning he con i erred briefly with his senior sec retary Ward Madison Son Makes Call Iam very he wistfully said At noon John D Rockefeller made a routine telephone call from New York and assured there was no immediate cause for alarm andnothing about his fa thers conditionto warrant a spe cial trip to Florida Saturdaynight he lapsed into a slight coma The heart that drove him through all the tempestuous years of building an oil pulsed with a slowly weakening At 2 a he roused to mur something to his valet years Yordi to be raised higher ia his bed and when it was done be better jais lastWords So far police of oxfords which he his said the intruder had kicked off no just before he Jeaped through glass screen and all 1 hours were end was his eyes and two the hush of thf
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