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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 2, 1937, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME t A R 10 N E R i1 MS MEM 4 E r OF I t I rf f THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLIII FIVE CENTS A COPV ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS LEASED WIRES MASON CITY IOWA 2 1937 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 152 MINERS AND COAL OPERATORS AGREE ASSERTS HEAVY INDUSTRY BOOM NEEDS BRAKING F R Says Time Has Come to Encourage Buying Consumer Goods WASHINGTON Roosevelt told a press conference Friday that prices of durable goods such as steel and copper were far too high He added the time had come for the government to dis courage federal expenditures for such goods and to encourage ex penditures for consumer goods The presidents lengthy informal statement on the present trend of prices was prompted by a query as to his position on future pub lic works expenditures He said he told the five house democrats who called on him Thursday to discuss the PWA that future federal public works expenditures should go not for steel bridges and other such per manent structures but for chan nel dredging and earthen dams Raise Buying Power Expenditures for the latter pro jects the president would give a larger purchasing power for consumer goods He addedthere was too great a spiral of heavy goods prices and that this judged by past experience constituted a dangef signal The presidentsaid steel had in creased in price about a ton He commentedthat this was two or three times larger than the wage increase recently approved by the industry naval building of do Officers Rout Albert Lea Strikers With Gas 1 Roosevelt said could turn out copper for five 01 sixycents apound and that mines like Anaconda could make a profit at eight or nine cents yet that commodity was selling now at 18 or 19 cents Grpwlng Too Rapidly His conclusion was that this pushed up the price of all things into which copper enters or pri marily durable goods The president said everybody who had been reviewing the eco nomic situation was agreed that the present increase in production in heavy industries was growing more rapidly than the output of consumer goods Judging by past experience he said that constituted a danger sign because every lime it happened there was a falling off in both consumer and durable goods in a period of from 12 to 18 months That means the president told the approximately 75 newspaper men crowded about his desk the government has to start thinking of discouraging federal expendi tures for heavy goods More at Bottom was need he continued for more expenditures at the bot tom and less at the top because buying of consumer goods meant a spreading of purchasing power Saying he was concerned about the rapid rise in prices of materials entering into heavy goods the president said the present situa tion was in line with his public works planning for the future Asked if he favoredcontinuation of the four cents excise tax on copper he said it made no differ ence if it were left on or taken off atthe present time STEEL COPPER SHARE PRICES BREAK SHARPLY NEW YORK sharp break in share prices arid a fall in some commodities was the almost instantaneous reaction of the mar kets Friday to President Roose velts criticism of high prices of some basic staples Seasoned Wall street observers said they had seldom seen so rapid a response to a presidential utter ance Within 10 minutes after the news had reached the trading floor of the New York stock exchange shares led by steel and copper stocks had fallen by from to S5 The ticker tape fell behind as milch as four minutes as excited brokers dashed lo the trading posts to execute orders The selling flurry lasted morethan half an hour after which things settled down to a slower pace and a few mild recoveries appeared LOOK INSIDE FOR JOSEPH GEDEON He Cries I Wouldnt Kill My Own Family PAGE 2 Police Court Collected Fines in March PAGE H Grain Declines Offset by Stock in Income PAGE 8 North Iowa Gridders to Be Iowa Giads Guests PAGE 9 FIRE DESTROYS TEMPLE AT ZION Overseer World Is Flat Voliva Claims Blaze Was Incendiary ZION 111 Explosions and lire assertedly of incendiary ori gin leveled the 35 year old Sbiloh teriiple and radio station WCBD Friday at a loss estimated at be tween and Wilbur Glenn Voliva overseer of the Christian Apostolic church which had its seat in the temple said he hadnt any doubt the tire was intentionally started Voliva and Edward N Jacker chief engineer of the radio sta tion reported they heard several explosions but could explain their source Driving About Park Voliva whp said he and an at tendant were driving about the park where the tabernacle was lo cated said he saw smoke coming from several windows and heard the explosions He sounded the alarm he said Voliva known for his belief the world is flat and for his former strict control over affairs of the city said the tabernacle built in 1902 was valued at between 000 and 5000000 and the radio station at Judgment of God The Rev Theodore Pfeiffer as sistant pastor of the largest dis senting church GraceMissionary church of Zion said there was no enmity in his church against the Voliva group However he said many peo ple in Zion felt that the fire was a judgment of God against turn ing the tabernacle into a theater for the passion play LOBBY CHARGES VOICED LOUDLY IN IOWA HOUSE Oil Chain Tax Exemption Bill Reconsidered and Then Killed Philadelphia Edilor Dies PHILADELPHIA fP E r e d Fuller Shedd 66 editor in chief of the Evening Bulletin since 1921 died Friday at Southern Pines N Car 7 Killed as Trains Collide in London LONDON per lons including one woman were killed Friday in a collision of elec tric passenger trains near Victoria station in central London an offi cial railway announcement said Earlier estimates reported 12 killed and 30 injured Well the crystal says youll soon be Public Enemy Num ber 1 if you dont trade that rambling wreck you call car for a better one My advice is turn now to the used car ads in the want ads ands do your self a good turn before you are turned in JUST CALL THE AD TAKER AT 3800 BULLETIN DES IMOINES Iowa senate passed 40 to 3 Friday and sent to the house a bill to create slate and county welfare departments to administer re lief old ago pensions aid to the needy blind and dependent chil dren and child welfare STORY ON PAGE 2 DES MOINES of bulldozing and threats of lobbyists were aired in the Iowa house Friday as that body tem porarily backtracked in its de feat of the petroleum chain tax bill and then dealt a final and lethal blow to the bill With the chamber stirred to emphatic assertions connection with lobby tactics the floors and corridors were ordered cleared and assistant bookkeepers were posted to prevent the reentry of those banned Though heated lobby remarks were directed at persons seeking reconsideration and passage of the bill to exempt oil service sta tions and petroleum dealers from the chain storei tax the expulsion prderdrove scores of teachers wives relatiyesV arid friends of legislators to the galleries amid a storm of protest from the floor Teachers in Galleries This torrid incident was sand wiched in between consideration of the senate bill imposing a use tax levy of 2 per cent on articles purchased outside of Iowa and while the teachers awaited re newed deliberation on their annu ity proposal Eventually the house voted 53 to 52 to defeat the chain store tax for a second time but not until a half dozen members had taken the floor to vent to feelings smarting under the charge that lobby influences brought about re consideration The bill failed of passage Wednesday by lack of a constitutional majority Representative Gustave Alesch D of Marcus Representative Earl C Fishbaugh Jr Shen andoah and Representative J P Gallagher D of Williamsburg stirred the house to action as they assailed socalled oil bill lobby ChaHenffcd to Adjourn Alesch challenged the house to adjourn and go home if the lobby is going to control this legislature and tell us what to do They seek only special benefits at the ex pense of Iowa and some of them use bulldozing tactics to gain theii end Yesterday he continued I was warned that because of my stand against the teachers annu ily bill I would lose my political head Gallagher as the house emptied of several hundred onlookers who were escorted to the doors by as sistantsergeantsalarms charged the house had been duped and that the bill had been brought up for reconsideration through du plicity and chicanery by a bunch of paid sharks SaysLobbyists Vote Fishbaugh demanding that the floor lobby rule be rigidly en forced added the charge that these fellows lobbyists have been voting with us by acclama tion on motions to recess and ad journ and even on important amendments He sits in the rear of the house near benches assigned ordinarily to spectators Gallagherclashed with Repre sentative Dewey E Goode R of Bloomfield who resented the formers descriptive reference to the persons ejected from the house Dont you know Goode shouted that in that crowd were many friends relatives and wives of members and also many teach ers You had better control your tongue Annuity Act Put Off Representative Frank S Lovrien R of Humboldt who sought house reconsideration of the chain tax exemption bill urged that it be given another chance for revi sion in view of the insistence dealers over the state Failure of passage the second time relegates the chain tax bill to the scrap heap as house rules pre clude a third reconsideration The use tax bill already CAMBRIDGE Mass Harvard meteorologists p r o claimed St Petersburg Fla Americas sunniest spot Friday snding the agelong controversy between Florida and California St Petersburg averages fewer ihan five sunless days a year the Harvard group found in complet ing with government scientists the first encyclopedia ever made of climatic conditions in North America and the West Indies Next sunniest spot is the Cali forniaArizona borderland with more than 300 clear days a year Other titles apportioned in the United States by the meteorolo gists included St Petersburg Florida Sunniest Spot in Nation Cloudiest section State of Washington Rainiest section Olympic mountains in northwest Washing ton with an annual fall of 200 inches Snowiest section Western flanks of Sierra Nevada and Cas cade ranges averaging 35 feet each winter Driest section Southeastern California southwestern Arizona and western Nevada averaging only eight inches of rain a year Thunderstorm center Central and eastern coast of the Gulf of Mexico averaging 70 to 90 days of storms yearly Savagest cold states SEES SOLUTION TO PROBLEM IN COURT DISPUTE Chicago Lawyer Opposed to F R Bill Favors Change in Constitution CLAIMS ADMITTED CRIME Sheriff Teslifies in Trial of Iowa City Man for Wifes Murder IOWA CITY Iamguilty of the crime and am going to have to pay the penalty Walter H Rhodes declared according to tes timony given Friday by Sheriff Don McComas of Johnson county in the murder trial of Rhodes charged with the brutal slaying of his wife Mable McComas during questioning by the state revealed how Rhodes made the statement the day of his arraignment Feb 15 in the pres ence of McComas J H Rhodes father of the defendants brothers a brotherinlaw and Mrs Myron roomer and worker in tlie Rhodes home Tells of Trip Home McComas also testified that on the return trip to Iowa City from DCS Moines where Rhodes had signed a confession admitting the crime the dynamite man repeat ed several times I dont know why Idid it The state produced as evidence the statement signed by Rhodes and witnessed by McComas and Stale Agent W J Fogarty con fessing to the crime for which the state is now asking the death pen alty Objects to Evidence Defense Counsel Will J Hayek objected to the states acceptance of the evidence on the grounds that it was illegal and not properly prepared according to law Objec tion was overruled by Judge James Gaffney John Hinsberger dynamite and gun and ammunitions expert of Rock Island was the second state witness called by Assistant Prose cuting Attorney Frank F Messer Mrs J H Rhodes of LeGrand mother of the defendant said thai her son celebrated his birthday Thursday and that he is 29 years old and not 31 as previously re ported InternationalFive Year Plan Sought for Sugar Industry LONDON Delegates from 22 countries assembled Friday to seek an international five ycai plan to stabilize the worlds 300000000 sugar industry and put it on a paying basis for pro ducers The sessions looking to co ordination of both production and sale in exporting and pro ducing countries willopen Mon day with a forma session at the British foreign office Formei Premier Ramsay MacDonald wil preside Man and Wife Found Slain in Their Home CHICAGO Grange police reported Friday Darwii Hanover and his wife Frances were found shot to death in their home in the western suburb Detectives expressed the belief Hanover killed his wife then shot himself Both were aboul 50 years old passed by the senate was taken up as a special order and given precedence over the annuity bill which the house started work on Thursday Representative Fred J Keefe D of Fort Dodge urging its fair provisions for the protection of Iowa residents said itwas est mated the levy would bring in SI 500000 annually Even Astors Cry An cxcltfsrOc IVilliam Astor son of Mr and Mrs John Jacob Astor 3d showing that even rich little matter how register their disapproval inthe manner of babies the world over L BRIDE 12 LOVES HUSBAND Mother of Mankato Child Approves Marriage at Estherville MANKATO Minn Ernest B Johnson Mankatos child bride said Friday she mar ried her 27 year old husband who has five children by a previous marriage because I love him The two were married at Es therville Iowa March 25 Irvin B Nichols Emmett county Iowa clerk of court said Mrs Alvina Deremer the girls mother gave her age as 15 when the license was obtained A birth certificate on file in Blue Earth county Minn however showed the girl Vir ginia is 12 C A Johnson Blue Earth county attorney said nothing could be done about the marriage unless the girls parents want to go to Iowa and have the marriage annulled Iowa law sets 14 as the minimum marringe age Mrs Deremer who said she was 17 when Virginia was born ap proved the marriage Whats done is done she said Why un do it Whether Virginia a student in the sixth grade would return to school had not been decided Ernie doesnt want her to go back Mrs Deremer said Bu I want her to finish the eighth grade The Weather FORECAST IOWA Snow or rain Friday nightand Saturday also slipht Iv warmer in extreme south eastern portion Friday night MINNESOTA Cloudy Friday night and Saturday probably snow in south and possibly in north little change in tempera ture IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Friday morning IMaxImum Thursday 36 Above Minimum in Night 27 Above At 8 A M Friday 32 Above April appears to have caugh the habit of chilliness from it predecessor which averaged al most 5 degrees below normal for March Friday morning the Chilli ness was in combination with finelyflaked snow WASHINGTON Senator Morris Ind Nebr advocated Friday that the people vote direct ly on proposed constitutional changes in the next general elec ion after submission an amendment Simplification and speeding of the amending process should help materially to solve social and eco lomic problems which lie behind the dispute over the courts he said Norris disclosed that he soon may offer such an amendment He would require twothirds votes n the senate and house to submit an amendment to the people as at present The provision for approv al by threefourths of the states also would be retained People Would Decide Instead of having legislatures 01 state conventions act on ratifica tion however the voters them selves would decide If I had my personal prefer ence said Norris only majority votes in congress and ratification by a majority of states would b necessary to make an amendmen effective But this probably couli not be passedin congress Amendments as alternatives t the bill were receiving renewed atten lion by the senate judiciary com inittec Walter F Dodd Chicago law yer advocated Friday constitu tional change rather than what h termed subordination of the EII preme court to political branch es of government Sees Bad Precedent If a precedent of this charac ter is once established said prepared statement there is no limit to the subsequent use of II power as a means of abandoning not only one but all of the pres ent principles upon which out government rests A letter from President Roose velt read Thursday night at the semicentennial exercises of the Interstate Commerce commission touched on the subject of constitu tional interpretation The president recalled that the terms railroads and automo biles were unknown when the constitution was written The Interstate Commerce Com mission is indeed fortunate he wrote that interpretations of our charter of liberties have allowed it to function during the past half century through recognition of the fact that an obviously national need can be met only through ob viously national action Address by Wheeler An address by Senator Wheeler DMont also was read at the program declaring I am unalterably opposed to diminishing the independent bi partisan character of the Interstate Commerce Commission or of the similar independent agencies by placing them under executive domination cither indirectly as has been the case or directly as in a pending proposal His reference was to the presi dents court reorganization pro posal Dodds testimony attracted spe cial notice in view of attempts by opponents of the Roosevelt court bill to agree on one or more amendments Remark by Burke A remark by Senator Burke D Nebr aroused speculation wheth er these efforts would be aban doned until the bill itself is dis posed of He expressed agreement with Chairman Ashurst DAriz that the judiciary committee should approve or reject the bill before considering constitutional amendments Dodd suggested three amend ment approaches 1 To require retirement of justices at 75 but not permit substantial replace ment at one time of present mem bers of the court 2 enlarge ment of federal powers and 3 definition or restriction of the controverted due process of law clause Sues for 55000 OTTUMWA Ida Sum mer filed suit for damages against the city of Ottumwa for alleged injuries she contends she received when she Tell on an icy sidewalk near the public library 27 Jailed as Court Order Is Enforced ALBERT LEA even men were held in jail here riday afternoon and Gov El mer Benson and Lieut Col J E felson of the Minnesota national uard were studying possible need or military action as a result of strike disturbance at the Ameri an Gas Machine company plants GovernorBenson and Colonel were enroute from St aul to Albert Lea by automobile liis afternoon to inspect the ituation after Sheriff Helmer flyhre and 150 special deputies mployed tear gas and night sticks o enforce a court order for re noval of striking employes from Gas Machine company lants Nelson before leaving St Paul nformed reporters there is a trong possibility Albert Lea and leighboring units of the national uard may be called out for ser ice Well in Hand Sheriff Myhre meanwhile told he United Press the situation was quiet and well in hand after a ear gas raid on Union hall in Al bert Lea dislodged strike leaders who refused to submit to arrest Among those arrested Myhre said were Joseph Vorhees as serted director of strike activities tor the Independent Union of Al Workers and Leo ICoski busines agent for the I U A W Sheriff Myhre said Vorhees anc Kaski probably would be chargei with contempt of court for refusa to withdraw strikers from the Ga Machine company plants The others he said ably will be charged with dis tiirbing the peace assault or som such offense Storm Picket Lines Sheriff Myhre and his spec deputies stormed the picket line at the Clark street plant of th Gas Machine company whe strikers and their refuse to comply with a restraining order issued last Saturday by Judgi Norman E Peterson The strikers and pickets were declared in contempt of court fo refusal to leave the manufactur ing company property After picket lines were brokei and a number of pickets had been arrested Sheriff Myhre and his deputies went to Albert Lea union hall Surrender of approximately a score of strike leaders was de manded On refusal of the unioi j organizers to admit the sheriff a bombardment of tear gas was be gun shortly before noon and the men were arrested Russell Hanson president of the American Gas Machine company told the United Press a decision was reached by the company and by law enforcement officers Thursday night to take posses sion of our plant Officials in Possession And we are now in possession of it Hanson said Ive jus come from the roof of the build ing The deputies rounded up the pickets and took out the two 01 three men the strikers had sta tioned in each department The strike was called March 19 when employes on the company assembly line sat down in pro test against discharge of four em ployes allegedly because of unioi activities The sit dosvn spread to olhe departments forcing the plant tc close down March 20 The sit downers evacuated plant last Monday when thei leaders said a representative o Governor Benson recommendec that procedure The plants then were surrounded by pickets MRSlRESSTO SERVE 20 YEARS Former Cashier of Ambe Bank Pleads Guilty to Embezzlement ANAMOSA Leon Dress 34 accused of embezxlini from the Amber Saving bank of which she formerly wa cashier pleaded guilty Friday aft ernoon before Judge H C Rim in district court and was sentence to 20 years in the womens re formatory at Rockwell City Appeal bond was fixed at 000 She was to bo taken to Rock well City immediately Suffers Crushed Lejf DES MOINES A Rob erts 61 suffered a crushed lei LEWIS REPORTS SETTLEMENT IN ONEDAYSTRIKE eneral Motors in Demand That Union Live Up to Agreement when an iron tire mold weighin 500 pounds fell and pinned him ti the floor BULLETIN NEW YORK L Lewis president of the United Kline Workers of America nounccd late Friday that an agreement had been reached with sort coal nncralors of the Appalachian districts on a new contract to replace the one which expired at midnight March 31 settling the one day strike NEW YORK of he soft coal strike Friday aftcr loon before the end of its first day was predicted in usually well nformcd quarters Southern West Virginia opera ors the last to agree to the United Mine Workers wage increase de mands had decided to go along with other operators H was said This word came from sources close to both miners and operators iusl before a meeting of the joint committee of miners and operators to continue negotiations The committee was to report later in the day to the full Appa lacian joint wage conference that determines the wage scale for soft coal miners throughout the coun try It an agreement was ratified Friday 400000 soft coal miners would go back to work Monday morning after the shortest strike in the industrys history UNION OFFICIALS LEAVE TO APPEAL TO STRIKERS Motors corporation demanded Friday that the United Automobile Workers of America live up to its agreements and high officials of the union left for Flint Mich where the Chev rolet Motor company plants were closed by a strike Agreements not lived up to ara no agreements William S Knud sen executive vice president of General Motors declared in a communication to Martin with whom he conferred Friday on the new epidemic of sit down strikes Tiic communication listed 30 sit down strikes that have occurred in enoral Motors plants he said during the three weeks that an agreement between the corpora ion and the union has been in force Demand on Unions Demand is heavy Knudsen said that responsible authorities oC the union take the necessary steps to see to it that its obliga ions are observed by its members ind stoppage of production ceases Wyndham Mortimer and Ed ETall vice presidents of the U A A accompanied Martin to Flint Are you going to ask the men to leave the plants Martin was nskod and he replied I am going to ask them to live up to the agreement Dissatisfaction with flic present privides for a hoard of five to nine men to judge work ers responsible for the wave of sitdowns that began Thursday in G M and ex tended Thursday night to all nins Chevrolet factories at Flint ths union claimed 14000 to Resume Work Return of approximately 14000 workers to the assembly lines and shops of the Fisher Body corpora tion plant and that of the Yellow Truck and Coach Manufacturing company at Pontiac was assured after their one day strike ended in settlement Friday The workers will come back to the plants Sunday night and Mon day morning At Lansing Gov Frank Mur phy announced that the Chrysleif strike negotiation conferences scheduled to be resumed Friday would reopen Saturday when Walter P Chrysler and John U Lewis head of the committee for industrial organization havn promised to return from New York Citv 87400 Men Idle Continued strikes in the Chry sler plants those of the Hudson and Reo Motor Car company and the new strikes in the nine Flint plants of Chevrolet left an esti mated 87400 workers idle At Lansing Mayor Max Tem pleton continued his efforts to ne gotiate a settlement in the Red strike which has affected 240n employes Hudsons 11000 em ployes remained out of work at neither union nor company waa disposed to arbitrate their differ ences At Flint Arnold Lenz general manager of the Chevrolet plants said that the union had made na
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