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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 1, 1937, Mason City, Iowa                                jfl IOWAS PAPER ID FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKESALL NORTH IQWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOLi XLHI P r FIVE CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS AND JNITED PRESS LEASED MASON CITY i 1937 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION OlfB NO 151 Philippines Not Solved Independence Is Problem for Islands and U S By CHARLES P STEWART ASHINGTON CPA Ever since the Unit ed States took them away from Spain the Philippi nes have been cla moring for in dependence Now that they are about to get itthey do not seem to like the pros pect President Manuel Quezon has been tour ing the United States making frequent remarks implying that he prefers not to have his peoples independence overly unqualified Nextit that Presi dent Roosevelt will make a trip to the islands next autumn or in the spring of 1938 as soon as con gress lets him get away to look over situation there Nor is the impression given that if he does kiss the oodbye Rather it is hinted the idea is prevei by modification of the epend ice act the separation im bei unduly effective I The q ine q Does i swlyes 5 e will do it in order to Filipinos a conclusive C sh With Japan For on thing if Uncle Sam is consic r himself an authority the we era he must re tain a f midable naval base in Phili ines rtion arises itpay us to considerour 5at kiad of za authority a dangerous thing for us tc insist on It constantly threatens a clash beitween us and Japan with the odds all in Japans favor if such a clash occurs Still we have acquired the habit of thinking of the islands as our last outpost to the west and it is a difficult habit to break Moreover the Filipinos scarcely like to be abandoned to their fate y Farthest Xaval Base It would beVaggravating to the United States J also to grant lib erty to the islanders and then have Japan immedifrtetly take it away from them Besides what would become of our farthest Pacific naval base Britian with Australia India and its other Oriental and Aus to think of France with IndoChina on its mind the Dutch East Indies to worry wouldnt to see the Philip pines assiniilated by the Japanese But the States must in the event of Japanese aggression against them bear a heavy load of responsibility for casting them adrift j Economic Problems i Huge economic considerations count also Philippine finance naturally is enormously dependent upon Am erican money Yet on the opposite hand Am erican money is enormously de pendent upon the future of the Philippines President Quezon has afright fully hard issue to straddle Political independence versus economic Filipino ruin Economicomilitaristic questions are involved sufficient to make anyone wonder It is not surprising that Presi dent Quezon has to come to the United States or that President Roosevelt needs to visit the Phil ippines to discuss them Blame on Kipling Rudyard Kipling strange to say the whole row His stories of English younger sons in India were prevalent just at the timeithat America grabbed the Philippines Americans fascinated by this j uff wanted a younger sons utlet ur imitation of Kiplings lope To this day that bunk omplicates international rela It calls for presidential trips t rom Manila to Washington and versa Rudyard Kipling started it all Gosling Real Estate Boom already here Foreclosures ppinjj rentals rising hous age acute marriages nd no living quarters Smart money goes makes money buying a home to THE AD TAKER T 3800 NEW GENERAL MOTORS STRIKES WORKERS WANT TO ALTER PACT WITH AUTO FIRM Sit Downers Seek to Amend Provisions for Handling of Grievances BULLETIN DETROIT of the BookCadillac largest ho tel in Detroit called a sit down strike at 3 p m Thursday DETROIT Auto mobile Workers officials Thurs day sought modification of their recent permanent peace pact with General Motors corporation as labor troubles in four General Motors plants and a General Mo tors affiliate threw em ployes out of work With two plants at Flint and three at Pontiac closed as a result of sit down strikes in three factor ies union officials revealed the cause of new difficulties to be dissatisfaction of the workers with the strike Theyplanned if possible to bring Homer Martin international president of U A and William S Knudsen executive vice presi dent of the corporation together Friday in an effort to amend the agreements provisions for the handling of grievances More Than Idle The new labor in Chevrolet No 2 at Flint Fisher Body and Yellow Truckand Coach at which caused the closing of a Flint Fisher plant and the Pontiac assembly line in brought to more than the number of auto workers unemployed Prolonged strikes in the plants of Chrysler Corporation Hudson and Reo Motor Car companies have madean estimated persons idle Two brief sit other General Motors plants w e i e cleared up before Thursdays strikes were called At the Buick Motor companys No 11 plant at Flint men returned to work after United Automobile Workers representatives had conferred with the management over alleged discriminatory transfers Return to Work At plant of Fish er key body plant of the vast General Motors system workers returned to body assembly lines Thursday after a short sit down Corporation officials pointed to a clause in the recent peace agree ment which said Should any differences arise over grievances there shall be no suspension of stoppages of work until every effort has been ex hausted to adjust them through the regular grievance procedure set up in the same and in no case without the ap proval of the international officers of the Ed Hall a vice president of the United Automobile Workers said the strikes were a protest of the men against the plant managers refusal to recognize the deal with their committees as provided in the General Motors Gov Frank Murphy said he would press night and day for a solution of the Chrysler strike when his conference with corpor ation officials and U A W C I O leaders resumes at Lan sing Friday Leaders to Return Walter P Crysler corporation chairman and John L Lewis head of the C I are to return to Lansing for the resumption of of the conference Both have been in New York on business B E Hutchinson Chrysler fi nance chairman announced that we have found it necessary to lay off many of our salaried employes and reduce the compensation paid to others retained to perform ne cessary services during this shut down This corporations payrolls must be earned through the sale of its product to the he said This source of income having ceased payrolls both salaried and hourly have of necessity to be ad justed The Michigan senate deferred until April 7 action on three bills intended to prevent sit down In a radio address Wednesday night Governor Murphy said It is my first duty as governor to at tempt to solve Michigans labor troubles He said pressure had been exerted upon me to take sides in the present Urged to Shoot I have been he said to shoot the workers out of the factories and thus end sit down strikes once and for When they want that done they will have to get another man for gov ernor of Michigan Those who demand I believethat arguethat property rights must Agreement on Pay for Coal Miners Seen NEW YORK conferences among coal contract negotiators Thursday developed widespread belief that a new agreement probably providing for a wage be j concluded in time to permit 000 men to return to the mines Friday after a one day suspension of work A negotiating committee of eight operators and eight miners repre sentatives was called to meet at 3 p and consider further a compromise draft on which the operator members deferred action when the old contract expired Wednesday night An operator in touch with the negotiations said everything point ed toward conclusion of the new contract by Thursday night Basic Wage Increase General understanding was that the United Mine Workers prob ably would win their demand for a basic wage increase of 50 cents a a level of 6 in the that the work week would remain at 35 hours instead of the 30 hour week sought by the miners Other compromises also were understood to have been made as between the original de mands of the two sides It was1 reported that the new contract would introduce for the first time in the bituminous mdus try a system of overtime pay with miners probably to be paid time and onehalf for each hour worked in excess of seven per day The miners pressing this demand it was said was to pro vide jobs for more men on the theory that mines would hire ad ditional men rather than pay the overtime Drop Vacation Demand Demands by the U M W A for a two weeks vacation with pay and a guarantee of 200 days work per year were said to have been The full conference of 300 oper ators and miners was called to meet at 4 p in the hope that the contract would have been ap proved by the committee of 16 by then and would be ready for rat ification Edward F McGrady assistant secretary kept in touch with the conferences but took no part in them He said that if no agreement was reached Thursday night he would offer the services the federal government as a mediator U M W miners took Thursday off to celebrate John L Lewis day a holiday commemorating the institution of the eight hour day in 1898 CASE AGAINST LYONS CLOSED Man Who Killed Friend in Argument Over War Hangs Self WAUKEGAN 111 state Thursday closed its case against Jerry Lyons 45 Scottish war veteran accused of slaying his best friend in an argument over who won the Lyons tore a towel to strips in his cell tied one end to the bars and hanged himself His body was found by the sheriff when he came to take Lyons to trial for manslaughter Lyons and Jack Murrie Ameri can War veteran sat down togeth er last Dec 1 to split a bottle and to talk of their war experiences Theres nothing likethe said Lyons It it hadnt been for them Germany would have won the scoffed Murrie And what about the Americans Theyre the ones who really won the The argument grew bitter Then Lyons ordered Murrie from the house There was a scuffle and Murrie was shot Charges were filed against Lyons It was police said peculiar be cause just an hour before Lyons had saved Murries life They had started together across frozen Lake Cedar to visit a tavern The ice broke with Murrie and he went down Lyons saved him that time Lutherans to DES MQINES annual convention of the Iowa Confer ence Lutheran Augustana Synod willbe held here April 14 to18 be respected and protected I agree with them but I feel even greater respect and protection should be accorded human I want no human blood to be smirch the fair name of this Loyalist Troops Threaten Rebel OPPONENTS SAY Michigan Law School Dean Declares Proposal Is Not Progressive WASHINGTON ents of President Roosevelts judi ciary program claimed Thursday that the administration is losing ground in its own tabulation of congressional support for enlarge ment of the supreme court There would not be 35 votes in the senate for the pending judi ciary bill if it were brought to a vote Senator Burton K Wheeler Mont asserted in surveying this weeks offensive against the measure The administration is not even sure of 35 votes They might get a majority if they cut the pro posed increase of justices from six to Reduce Vote Claims Another democratic senator op posing the bill said privately that the administration leaders checked senate sentiment on the measure some weeks ago and re ported they could count on 60 votes Later he asserted they re duced their claim to 56 votes and the last poll resulted in a state ment lastweekend that there were at least 52 votes behind the measure Administration leaders coun tered that they were certain of enough votes to pass the bill Dean Harry M Bates of the Michigan the sen commiftee TEurs day Hesaid that by acceptingthe presidents proposal America might find she had sold her na tional birthright for an immediate gain leading toward a change in our form of government to the English parliamentary system Calls Bill Reactionary The proposal is not liberal and Bates said Itwould move toward a theory of govern ment triumphant in part of Eu rope at the present time It is retrogressive and reactionary It would work a change so im portant that we might have to re vamp our entire constitutional Following Bates on the stand John T Flynn economist and writer warned the committee that President Roosevelts program might eventually vest national control in monopolistic business groups whichwould kiss democ racy goodbye in I am aware that men pursuing with deep earnestness one objec tive may very well lose sight ol some others of equal Flynn said It seems to me im portant that we do not sacrifice any of those dearly won victories on the political field Unrestrained I say that this is a step in the direction of the unrestrained state started off in that di man can say now where it will Opposition leaders generally viewed developments as favoring their cause They pointed in par ticular to the Monday court deci sions upholding the Washington mimmum wage law Administration leaders replied the court decision merely strengthened their position be cause it mad eobvious their argu ment that the court had been wrong and gave no promise that it would not be what they termed conservative in thefuture Senator Lewis B Schwellen bach said that the fact that Justice Robertsswitched his vote didnt mean that he would not in the future switch back to the other side and that the cir cumstances gave him the power of a Mussolini or a Wheeler Chides Supporters Wheeler chided administration supporters for their laments when the court gave them what they had been demanding He said that the court decision showed that what was needed was careful drafting of legislation rather than a change in the court He asserted that any reasonable measure to achieve the presidents objectives could be approved by the tribunal if properly drafted Attorney General Homer S Cummings declaring that it is to be four of the nine strikingly demonstrated that1 they entertain views which adaptability of the constitution to modern con The episodevividly the presidentsproposal His Scheme Fails WILLIAM ABERHART SOGIALCREDtr CHIEF TO QUIT Report Aberhart Ready to Resign as Premier of Alberta liam minister of the worlds only social credit gov ernment Will offer his resignation to the legislature according to re ports emanating from a special party cauciis Thursday The premier called the caucus himself thereports said because he had abandoned all hope of bringing back into line insurgent party members who broke with him over the governments budget for the next fiscal year Although none who attended the caucus would discuss what transpired it was believed that AberhartS fate was discussed but that no decif sion had been reached Other sources said tKat he had placed his resignation before the that the official an nouncement of his resignation would be made to the legislature which opened Thursday after noon Dr H K Brown leader of the group that launched the bitter at tack on Aberhart a week ago was believed the partys choice to form another social credit cabinet The crisis social credit government that was swept into office in August 1935 on promises of S25 a month social credit per month per citizen within 18 was precipitated by the cabinets failure to establish social credit Thegovernment was dealt a sharp setback on 19 when the reduction and settlement of debts act cornerstone of the par tys debt reductionlegislation was declared unconstitutional by the provincial supreme court Order Restores Job DES MOINES Judge O S Franklin issued an order restoringto Butler Willmmsburg his job as an in spector in the state department of The Weather FORECAST IOWA Fair Thursday nipht and Friday except some cloudi ness slightly colder in extreme east Thursday night rising tem perature Friday fa central and west portions MINNESOTA More or less cloudiness Thursday night anfl Friday somewhat warmer Fri day IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 morning Maximum Wednesday 43Above Minimum in 31 Above At 8A M Thursday 32 Above Precipitation 16 of an Inch Snow Trace The weather mans farewell sa lute to March was a disagreeable act The offering was chilly cloudy rainy with just a dash of meas ure work of wolforhyena INVADE BURGOS PROVINCE PUSH FASCISTS BACK Revolts Against Regime of Franco Occur Despite Executions By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Spains government troops pushed their pursuit of GeneralI issimo Francisco Francos insuri gents on three widely separated fronts Thursday Bitter mass ex ecutions and arrests to crushthern reported to have new sections of insurgent held Spain The counterrevolts against the insurgent leaders first reported in Spanish Morocco may have en gulfed the key centers of Valla dolid and even in Salamanca seat of Francos gov ernment Drive on Burgos The government disclosed smashing successes in drives against insurgents in the Guada lajara arid Cordoba sectors and toward Francos erstwhile head quarters Burgos 135 miles north i of Madrid But Francos men gained ground I in a new assault in the Bilbao sector of the northern Insur gent airmen who bombedDurango 16 miles southeast of Bilbao killed 60 persons and injured 150 Europe saw these repercussions Still in Agreement Both Italy and Germany appar ently were still not to permit bolshevization of V they saidr reinaineji confident the insurgents would win and for the time being would respect the European noninterven tion agreement but if the Span ish government continued to re ceive foreign aid Italy stands ready to assume full liberty of ac A high official in Hitlers gov ernment gave an intimation of Ms view in the terse phrase never tolerate a communist gov ernmentin Germans were uneasy as to what recent insur gent defeats in Spain In Arms Kace Great Britain and France em barked on a joint raceto back up the allied might of the British fleet and the French army with at least additional fighting planes within the next 12 months With Norman H the United in London it became apparent any feelers toward disarmament in a hastily rearming Europe would re ceive a chilly reception Italy was represented as defi nitely opposed to disarmament Britain was willing to listen France favored it in principle but reserved comment on possible suc cess of such a move at this andGermany was cool Other na tions reflected little enthusiasm To Hear Complaints on Tax Assessments DES boards and councils in all towns and cities in Iowa under population are tomeet Monday to hear complaints and adjust indi vidual assessmentson real estate and personal property taxes Arrives for Match Exactly Week Early CLEVELAND UP Zaharias heavyweight wrestler traveled hurriedly fronuSt Louis to Cleveland thinking he was booked for an appearance at a mat show He found he was ex actly oneweek early LOOK INSIDE FOR SLAIN GIROS DOG K this small dog could talk the mystery of the triple slayine of Veronica Gedeon her mother and a boarder in New York apartment be solved For the dog a Pekingese was the only witness to the slaying Hunting Girl Friend of Slain Models Father PAGE 2 2 Goodell Safes Are Rifled Nothing Taken PAGE 4 Mason Gty High Out for Tough Schedule PAGS 15 Senate Defers Action on Social Welfare Bills PAGE 19 NOT PROPOSING ARMS SESSION Hull Says U S Not Told to Approach Nations of Europe WASHINGTON Hull said Tbirsday that the United States is not planning an international disarmament con ference and is not making any proposals to European nations through Norman H Davis now in London for such a meeting Asked at about dispatches London hinting that Davis American am bassador at discuss the armaments question Hull said there was nothing new in Davis mission abroad He has gone there to attend an international sugar conference Whether Davv will the meeting of theDisarmament com mittee to be held ah Geneva on May 1 Secretary Jull said will not be determined until later Awaits Trial for Threatening Aimee LOS ANGELES Ly dia Swenson 43 Thuisday faced superior court trial charged with writing Aimee SempleMcPberson The woman wife of a retired Dulutii lumberman was held for a brief prelimin ary hearing Police witnesses quoted hei as confessing she de manded the for a down pay ment on Indian Nationalists Call National General Strike ALLAHABAD Indian nationalists declaredXna tional general Thursday in protest against the public demon strations to Business was suspended to a greatdegree all over ers of the nationalist congress party of Mahatma Gandhi ordered shops closed Police replied with an offer to assist anyone compelled toclose his against inVmIL The Calcutta corporation con trolled by nationalists approveda resolution closing coiporation offices and the schools in sympathy with the gen eral strike It was assumed that tbe strike would belimited to Thurslay the which the new constitu tion giving a measure of ielf gov to of Indias people became effec ButTiationalists were in gry mood asserting tbut Great Britain did not intendto givethe people any real freedom under the constitution a long period of dangerouitensidn was fcreseen PEISEN BILL TO SET UP SAFETY BUREAU BEATEN Brown and Strickler Clash Motor Vehicle Measure to Conference DES MOINES as a proposal devised to createa strike breaking the bill to consolidate Iowa pbliceand inspection agencies into one bu reau as a department of public safety met defeat Thursday in the bouse of representatives Its failure of passage however virtue of a tie vote of 52 to 52 Consideration of the proposal was climaxed by an open and heated break between the Polk county house members R Brown and Milton W Strick ler bothrepublicans and both residents of Des Moines Peisen Defends Idea Disposal of the consolidation measure defended as a means of saving yearly in sal and expense followed earlieraction by the house in killing the interstate bridge bill Defense of the pro posed by Dean W Peisen R of Eldora rested largerly in the hands republican members of but the final vote found republican and demo cratic sentiment well divided The measure was considered initially when the house took up the motor vehicle bill and sup ported at one time a move by JPeisen to delete irom the latter bill all the highway patrol which under his consolida tion plan would be merged with all otcer inspecticcl and police agencies Would Cwt Expenses In bringing it before the house Thursday Peisen contended that it would reduce from 320to 150 the number of men now assigned to the patrol the state bureau of game wardens de partment and many other in spection agencies witn a net savings of nearly a half million dollars He said the cost of tnese departments now is annually Advancing the belief the in spection services could be merged Peisen said his plan for centrali zation of all such activities pro vided that no man assigned to the public safety department would be limited to one assignment thus eliminating a of ac Replying to opposition of gamzed labor representatives oC which lined the house corridors as he talked Pexsen said he had proT z vided in the bill thai solidated force couldnot tinterfereV m labor difficultiesexcept in at violence and ttien only upon direction of the Strickler Opens Fire Labor was invited to write this be added but they didnt offer to dot an F or cross a Strickler opening fire proposal referred to it as cious and I may be political suicide m my stand taut tbisxloes il nothing moreElian create a state police depaxtraent orconstabulary beyondtoe power of everyoneliui i the governor Ifsets upa strike breaking institution under guise of economy hoodwinked a plan interests of this Strickler elasnedsharply with Peisen and fee latter demanded an challenged Stricklexs closing statement Calls jforr I defy Peisenshouted to where single vpenny has been bilL Prove it or Strickler tangled with fyfWe siwutinjTujs re torts aC the county so lon several Jiousir m e m b er s jumped to demanding that Strickler be compelled to modulate his parliamentary Replying to Browns statement that the consolidation did iavor the common because of ife economicpossibilities Strickler again charged that interests sup ported the bill and The very iact that for thiSj should be sufficient indi cation tbat something is wrong with it Democrats opposing the ure L Pace of G fconceded possibilityexisted f flUeS ure oleonsonanuques tioned the advisabflily of turning   

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