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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 25, 1937, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME KU1UOH C R i it a HEM t OF 10 f iJf THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AIL NORTH 1OWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLIII FIVE CENTS A COPV SD PRESS AND UNITED PRESS LEASED WIRES MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY MAECH 25 1937 SECTION ONE NO 146 Word From High Court Stewart Thinks Justices Have Aided Own Cause 8 CHRYSLER PLANTS EVACUATED By CHARLES P STEWART ASHINGTON the early days of stillpending su preme court fight I ven tured the pub lished opinion that the high tribunal is an unpopu1ar body with the press because its personell is so exceedingly upstage in its attitude toward n e w s p a perm en so ex r a v a g a n t ly averse to any expression of itself except in its formal judicial capacity I also voiced my surprise at i the volume of public interest the great majority of it antinew deal in President Roosevelts proposed increase in the august tenchs membership up to a 15 maximum A fellow jurnahst of long ex perience who asks not to be iden tified too closely writes to me suggesting in the nicest way that I ought to have known better Vast Interest Shown I agree that I underestimated the amount of interest evidently felt by the average citizen in the supreme courts future I should have thought that for most folk the subject was overly technical to create a popular sensation however much it might concern a smallish group of the intelli gensia The intelligensia proved to be much larger that I had imagined I said so in my original com ment But I cant admit that I was wrong as to the mistake the high justices have made in their tradi tional policy of balking at publi cizing them selves in moderation Of course they never could have been expected to indulge in ad vance discussions of cases pend ing or likely to come before them t Biit not but have bene Report Italians Withdrawn From Madrid Front andHEe Tiasebal chat would hav made them seem human They are human In denying do no make themselves appear super dignified they make themselve appear ridiculous The other day Justice James C McReynolds proved it Then Chief Justice Charle Evans Hughes entered the coiitro vorsy directly with a sweepih condemnation of President Roose velts plan in a letter to Senate Burton K Wheeler Stewart Reviews Case Lets go back a little President Roosevelt recommend ed the supreme courts rejuvena tion or what will you The publics reaction unmistak ably was unfavorable This unfavorableness greatly worried representatives and sena tors who overwhelmingly are pro administrationand yet want to be responsive to the obvious wishes of their constituencies As time progressed the presiden tial plan gained ground President Roosevelt is a wonder at winning converts with his evening broad AERIAL SCOUTS FIND NO TRACE OF DIM MEN ritain and France Ready for Warship Blockade of Spain VALENCIA Spain Span sh government aerial scouts hursday reported a sudden dis ppearance of all Italians from nsurgent divisions on the Quada ajara front northeast of Madrid Officials announced the aerial ibservers spotted insurgent rein orcements of Spanish fascists ollowing the recent insurgent re reat on the Guadalajara salient But there was no trace whatso ever of the Italian units which participated in the unsuccessful drive toward Madrid It was not known where the Italians had withdrawn The gov ernment has contended at least 30000 of them fought the losing jattle for the insurgents in the Guadalajara sector in the last few weeks GUEAT BRITAIN BACKS HP FORCEFUL ACTION LONDON Great Britain oacked up forceful action by France Thursday to halt any fur ther landing of Italian soldiers in Spain agreeing if necessary to a warship blockade of the war torn peninsula An accord by the two powers through Foreign Minister Yvon Delbos of France and the British ambassador to France Sir George Russell Clerk was disclosed today agreed with full Imp w a ther Eurd p ovi ers John Drinkwater Famed as Poet Dramatist Dies Abraham Lincoln Author Succumbs in Sleep at Age of 54 within trie norUiriter veritibri com mittee on points of a pro gram to make nonintervention completely effective and decided it was imperative to prevent even by force any further Italian land ings British sources pointed out that the agreement was interpreted to mean that Britain was ready to discuss stringent measures pres ently but had made no decision actually to dispatch warships against any Italian incursions LONDON IP John Drink water famed British novelist and dramatist died Thursday at the age of 54 The distinguished poet whose dramatizations of characters of British and American history were among his best known works died suddenly of a heart attack while asleep at his London home Apparently in normal health he had attended the OxfordCam bridge boat race Wednesday and later went to the University club for an evening with friends His widow Daisy Kennedy the Australian violinist was injured March 11 when the automobile in which she and Drinkwater were driving to a party after her con cert was in a collision Just Completed Film Drinkwater had just completed his own motion picture for the coronation of King George VI oE which he was both author and producer The film dealt with the king and his people from the time of Queen Victoria to the pres ent A number of friends who saw a private showing of the film Tues day described it as typically Drinkwater In one scene of the picture fel low dramatist George Bernard Shaw appears wisecracking to his friend Drinkwater in Shavian fashion I read all oE your works why dont you read mine He was very happy all day yes Drinkwater said last words written ln an article t o ri the c pron atiojKtwer e JOHN DKINKWATER casts Plan Put to Test happy and Plays Widely Known Drinkwatcrs historical DEATH TOLL 20 IN BUS MISHAP Only Three Men Alive After One of Nations Worst Highway Accidents SALEM 111 men remained alive Thursday surviv ors oE one of the nations worst motor bus a c c i d e nt s which GRANGE LEADER AND LAW DEAN HIT COURT BILL Smith and Brenckman Both Favor Submission of Amendment WASHINGTON tff D e a n Young B Smith of Columbia uni versity law school asserted Thurs day the Roosevelt court bill would threaten the independence of the supreme court and might per manently impair the confidence of the people in that court Smith was the first law school dean to appear before the senate judiciary committee in opposition to the measure In his testimony he conceded that the court in recent years had into the constitution limita tions upon the powers of govern ment not required by its lan guage He contended however that under President Roosevelts inte rp relation fundamental changes could be made in the power of the federal government without a constitutional amend ment Proposes Amendment The Columbia dean proposed as a substitute for the bill a consti tutional amendment providing for compulsory retirement of judges at 70 or 75 years of age Such an amendment he said can be drafted with ease can be stated in simple language and can be acted upon promptly plays IE his plan had been put to a test immediately following its enuncia tion my guess is that it would have been sat on on capital hill without further ceremony But time went on The administration gained strength Legislators who initially were on the fence began to get down on the administration side of the barrier considerations of patron age influenced them All this while the supreme court chiefly affected kept its polycam eral mouth shut To Disrnificfl to Talk Too digniEied to say anything At long last Justice James C McReynolds spoke a few words the other few words not only Eor but from the judiciary And his speech before a college fraternity materially has boosted the supreme courts chances Why Because he has said something Now Chief Justice Hughes also has said something Thus the su preme court itself directly joins the seems human 7 LOSE LIVES AS HOME BURNS Woman Her Five Youngest Children and Brother inLaw Die JERSEY CITY N J Rose Burkhardt54 year old wi dow her five youngest children and a brotherinlaw burned to death early Thursday in a three alarm fire which razed a three story frame dwelling The other dead John Gorman about 69 Philip 12 Charles 15 Florence 17 Theresa 10 and Venonica 9 Hose 17 another daughter was he only occupant of the building o escape Awakened by smoke he ran down the stairs and was carried to the street by a passer by All available firemen and ap aratus in the city were called to attle the fire Police and firemen awakened members ot three fam lies sleeping in an adjacent three story building and aided them in reaching the street Firemen kept he flames from spreading to this building and to a garage on the other side of a Ipfofessiorial roller tvoupe skating Withhold Charges in Poison Pancake Murder in Illinois LEWISTOWN III Joseph Wheeler said he had with held filing a charge against James Pace 28 pending further investi gation of the death of his brother William after partaking of poi soned pancakes last Sunday An inquest was scheduled for Thurs day night Two other members of the Pace family were made ill by the breakfast food which the shenf said the prisoner asserted he mixed with the poison for his own consumption were widely known in the United States particularly Abraham Lin coln and Robert E Lee Big boned and picturesque in appearance Drinkwater was an insurance broker turned actor and son of a schoolmaster who turned actor The young Drinkwater spent his youth touring the British prov inces with his fathers company Born in Leytonstone Essex his early education was gained at Ox ford high school where he was a classmate and boyhood friend oE the youth who later became fa mous as Lawrence of Arabia jHe was fond athletics and the school broadjump record he set still stands Lectured in U S He covered the United States in a lecture tour in 1925 and was impressed by life there which he described as vivid immensely varied full of achieving energy and sparkling with a natural wit that can hardly be found among any of the older and perhaps more tired peoples He was intensely popular in England which loved the idealism in his works and considered him typical of the empires finest His London residence was once the home of Samuel Pepys a char acter of whom he was very fond With two others they were hurled through open windows by explosions following the crash oE the privately owned vehicle into a bridge abutment near here Wed nesday Their clothing aflame stood by helplessly as 18 they others Wage Increase Ends Muscatine Sit Down MUSCATINF women workers ended their sit down strike at the Muscatine overall factory by accepting a 10 per cent pay increase The Weather FORECAST IOWA Fair Thursday niglit and Friday continued cold Thursday nifrht not so cold Fri day MINNESOTA Fair Thursday night and Friday continued cold Thursday night not so cold in west and south portions Friday IN MASON CITY GIobeGaxette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 3 oclock Thursday morning Maximum AVcflnesday 28 Above minimum in Night 8 Above At 8 A M Thursday 13 Above Snowfall 50 of an Inch Precipitation 04 of an Inch The March blizzard which got under way Wednesday morning had given way Thursday to clear skies and a bright sun The tem perature however accented by a stiff northwest wind was far be low normal for late March Closed Bank lo Fay WINTERSET payment to former depositors will be made April 1 by the defunct Madison County Savings bank Receiver C R Rhodes announced Get Ready For EASTER buined to death in the inferno of blazing wreckage At the Salem community hospi tal two of the Emily Thomas Chicago wife of the driver and Ted Mullen Port land Ore early Thursday In Critical Condition John L Schoolboy Creek more MiamiFla Dick Thomas Chicago the driver and Don Flan nery Kansas City Mo were transferred to a St Louis hospital Barnes Thursday Creekmores condition was critical Fourbodies one that of a 4 year old child had been tentatively identified Thursday The remain ing 14 were so badly burned that intimate friends and fellow work ers found it impossible to identify them Richard S Kaplan Gary Ind general counsel for the Transcontinental Roller Derby as sociation Inc said Bound for Cincinnati The party was enroute from St Louis to Cincinnati when the tragedy one of the worst in the history of motorbus transporta tion occurred on U S Highway No 50 just two miles west ot the cityi Thebus was going down a grade when its right front tire blew out The heavy machine was hurled on its side across the high way and burst into flames when the gasoline lank exploded Flames leaped 4Q feet in the air turning the bus into a funeral pyre for its trapped victims States Attorney Ward Hqlt said today he had a partial investigation of the accident which clearly indicated its cause to be the blowout of the right front tire Tut Off Inquest Coroner S B Carrigan oE Mar ion county said an inquest will not be held for several days We hope that by time time some of the injured may be able to lesti Before Smith testified Fred Brerickman repre sentative of NationalGrange told thecommittee the bill constituted an attempt to in timidate and coerce the supreme court When Brenckman concluded Senator Dieterich Dlll asked it he was one of the constitutional experts the opposition had prom ised to present Shows Farm Views Senator Burke DNebr re plied that Brenckman did not House Hears Charge Motor Bill Riddled Ponders Motion to Give Up Further Consideration of Senate Act DES MOINES a stinging denunciation of its own acts ringing in its ears the Iowa house of representatives Thursday pondered a move which would terminate further consideration of a senate bill to regulate Iowa highways and motor vehicles For three days the house has been engulfed in a bitter fight over the controversial measure from which it struck all provisions for increasing the 53 man highway motor patrol A move to end further consider ation came just before the mid day recess when Representative Claus Randall R of Manly de clared the interest of the house should center its attention upon furthering the patrol system and that the highway bill had been riddled Denounced by Gallagher This brought upon the chamber the ire of Representative J P Gallagher D of Williamsburg who not only charged the mem bers with squandering the time and money of Iowa taxpayers but also with making yourselves ridi culous from coast to coast in the eyes of people to whom you have boasted of the high literacy of Iowa Striking back at authors of a facetious amendment offered to the bill just before Randall movca to end debate Gallagher Im heartily disgusted with the LOOK INSIDE FOR ROBERT D BLUE Republicans Comment on FarmMarket Roads Veto PAGE 2 100 Cars Blocked as Result of Truck Crash PAGE 3 104000000 Pounds of Butter Sold in Decade PAGE 17 Managers Cease End of Legal Arguments PAGE 15 general run of things here and I say now btcontradicr tionthat seen more qualify as a constitutional expert but that he speaks the thoughts of 800000 farmer members of the National Grange Burke said opposition was la boring under some difficulty in presenting witnesses because it fy he added Don Flannery of Kansas did not have the aid oE the attor ney generals office or the demo cratic national committee He announced however that the opposition would present Friday the first of its constitutional ex perts in the person of Dr Irwin N Griswold professor of constitu tional law at Harvard Walter F Dodd Chicago lawyer and Miss Dorothy Thompson newspaper columnist Agrees1 With Taller Brenckman also proposed an amendment to the constitution if the administration felt something had to be done saying Let the proposal to amend the constitution be submitted to the states Let the people read and study il so that they may know what it all means Brenckman agreed with the po sition of Louis J Taber master the national grange who testified Wednesday The suggested en largement ot the supreme court Taber insisted during questioning might set a precedent which eventually could endanger rights guaranteed by the constitution Not Committed Senator McGill DKans who has not committed himself on the bill asked Suppose this present court should resign Is it your view that the president would appoint and the senate confirm a court which would sustain as constitutional legislation depriving the people of religious liberties Thats unthinkable Taber re plied in a voice that rang through the crowded chamber sublimated assinihity as is visible in this house A recess prevented a vote on the Randall motion Department Criticized The move however also heaped upon the state motor vehicle de partment the criticism of Repre sentative Earl C Jr R of Shenandoah and Repre sentative Ed R Brown R of Des Moines both of whom charged the department with laxity in failing to place the regulatory changes in the hands of the members prior to the convention of the cession This was weeks ago and we should ha e had time to study it This is ai attempt to ram leg islation down our throats Were not rubber stamps and all state departments should find that out said Fishbaugh Brown charged that the senate swallowed it hook line and sinker and then sent it over to us to worry about I have been warned there are jokers in the bill and if theres any legal mind here who can1 tell me wha the 212 peje pro posal seeks to do he belongs in the brain trust not here AVarns Agtnst Adoption Rep R G Moore D of Dun lap who has fatuvcd the measure in the house against adop tion of Randalls motion declaring it might preclude further highway safety legislation Before the house became in volved in the motion it had con sidered a move later withdrawn to require all cars to come to a complete halt 50 feel before reach ing rail crossings The senate adjourned until next Monday Senators pointed out that the upper chamber was far ahead in point of bills enacted and added that the house several weeks ago look a spring vacation while the senate had had none MAIN HIGHWAYS ARE ALL CLEAR Plows in Operation in All Directions Out of Here After Snowstorm Practically all the main high ways in North Iowa were cleared for traffic at an early hour Thurs day following Wednesdays snow SIT DOWNERS APPROVETRUCE N AUTO STRIKE ixit Signal for Resumption of Chrysler and Lewis Conferences By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A new victory lav peaceful ne gotiations stirred hopes for fur lier inroads Thursday on the na tions wave ol industrial disputes Six thousand sit downers quit the eight Chrysler motor plants they had held in Detroit since March 8 after approving an agreement looking toward ending heir differences with the firm The exit of the strikers was a signal for resumption of confer ences between Walter P Chrysler head of the firm and the com mittee for industrial organizations chief John L Lewis They will thresh out the union demand Xor exclusive bargaining rights Gov Frank Murphy who sum moned the two to confer at Lan sing Mich said labor troubles were approaching their end with out bloodshed or loss of life Begin to Leave riant The sit downers in the Chrys ler Kercheval avenue plant the ast to vote on the peaceful evac alion agreement gave their ap iroval about a in C S T nd in a tew minutes began to cave the factory Word oC the Kercheval vote was elephoned to the big Dodge plant and 5000 strikers there marched dl once from the plant A suggestion that sit down strikes be treated as violation ederal antitrust laws came from Itepresentative Dies DTexas as new labor troubles broke out in several cities At Memphis Tenn clothing was rippea from workers who attempt ed to pass a picket line of the Ladies International Garment Workers union a C I O ally Pickets established beats about 19 Lcwistoh andAuburn Shoe factor ies in Maines first strike involving storm Highway commission plows Ihe C I O While he waited for word of the clearing of the eight plants Gov ernor Murphy in a statement de clared references to revolution in Michigan because of labor dif ficulties were utter nonsense In Better Shape In Detroit union officials said the plants were than when the in better shape strike started City wept Thursday as he described the plight oC his helpless companions He crawled through one of the windows but was seriously burned in aheroic attempt to rescue Miss Ruth Hill his fiancee She called to me twice he sobbed I finally found her I tried to pull her out but she was pinned and Icouldnt move her A deathly quiet except for the crackling of John Frankboner first to arrive at the scene of the disaster Frankboner said he heard the explosions at Us home 200 yards away I found one man dead lying just off the edge of the highway he said Ten feet away I found the body of a child Both of its arms and legs were burned off He added however precedent established that Ihe could be used in the future by a reaction ary president or a congress moved by passionand prejudice to do something evil Praises NRA Invalidation Brenckmans statement com mended the supreme court for its invalidation of the national recov ery act He said the blue eagle had thwarted the purpose ot the agricultural adjustment act to give farmers price parity The pending bill he said should be divided to separate the supreme court question from that of expe diting justice in the lower courts He supported the latter objective But in all fairness he said the supreme court has no right to change the constitution through strained orunwarranted interpre tation That is what some people are demanding of it Declaring the constitution had proved adequate for every emer gency Brenckman called that document the only bulwark be tween us and that dread doctrine of tyranny and dictatorship that man is the creature of the state Hear Bill Debated Two New York audiences heard arguments for and against the court bill Wednesday night As sistant Attorney General Robert Jackson supporting the measure told the economic club The courts have lately been closing the ways to political com promise of basic problems aris ing out of the depression and out of troubled industrial relations The president is seeking in his policy and in his court proposals to open the highway to economic were in operation in all directions out of Mason City with most at tention concentrated in the north tier of Iowa counties where a five inch fall of snow was drifted bad ly in places Occasional stretches of highway were blocked Thursday forenoon but by afternoon the entire system in this district was cleared accord ing to F K Preston assistant dis trict engineers Sections Blocked Sections blocked early Thursday were No 312 into Mclntire from No 9 No 337 from No 9 to Graf ton No 9 from Manly west to tin Winnebago county line where truck plow broke down Lake Mills to the state line on No 09 and No 322 from No 9 to Hake The temperature in Mason City was 12 above at 8 a m Thursday after a low during the night of 8 above Cresco reported that Thursday the temperature near zero but rls morning was still and clear with ing The strong wind Wednesday blew in a plate glass window in a Cresco store Trains were late and highways partly blocked Not So Cohl At Garner Wednesdays blizzard became worse toward night but Thursday roads were open Not so cold was forecast for Friday Skies throughout the state ex cept at Keokuk were clear Minimum temperatures forecast for Thursday night Northwest Iowa 5 above northeast zero southern half 10 above and social peace Senator Burke DNebr de Seek Settlement in Des Moines Strike DES MOINES tions toward reaching a scttlemen in the Meredith Publishing com pany plant were under way here Thursday after the first session Wednesday night broke up with out any definite accord bated the issue with him declar ing the presidents bill was the most flagrant example in Ameri can history of an attempt to strip the people of the right to say what powers they want to vest in their congress and their president 12 Airmen Severely Burned in Plane Fir T ATE YAM A Japan Twelve airmen were severe burned Thursday when a plane a the Tateyama naval aircorps bas burst into flames and was de stroyed They said the men had paid extra attention during the strike to keeping the plants clean and the machinery protected Homer Martin president of Ilia United Automobile Workers nnd other union officials made the lour of the plants to take the vote on evacuation after the agreement for the truce had been reached be tween Lewis and Chrysler officials in conference at Lansing Three hours were required to obtain a favorable vote in the vast Dodge plant Emerging Martin said there were 5000 strikers in the plant and that only 20 had cast dissenting votes Previous es timates of the number ot strikers i the Dodge factory had not ex eedcd 3000 Vote to Slay In From other sources came the in irmation that 35 per cent of the Jodge strikers had voted to con nue their occupation of the plant nlil the strike issues were set ed The Highland Park and Ply nouth strikers voted unanimously o accept the truce Martin said The union officials said that out idc picket lines would be estab shcd when the men leave tha lants to enforce the provision liat there shall be no operation at he plants nor any removal of dies r other equipment Payroll clerks however will be permitted to enter the ndministri ion building at the Highland Park plant That will facilitate the dis ribution of a payroll or work done before the strike jegan on March 8 Opposed to Evacuation There were well authenticated reports that a strong faction in the Dodge plant opposed the evac uation asking many questions oC the union officials and shouting we want a closed shop Martin however told them We have no fear ot coming out for neither the Chrysler corporation nor any other corporation can break one of our strikes His argument prevailed The agreement provided also that the firm would remove no dies tools or equipment from the plants during the negotiations and that executives office employes and other nonproduction workers would have free and uninterrupt ed access to the plants and of fices Callcil March 8 Besides Chrysler Lewis and Martin the conferees included K j f K onrysier a emand
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