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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 20, 1937, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME jnp AfiLOM E R IIS MEM DECT OF I MA I H t if I I THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANSNEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLIII FIVE CENTS A COPV ASSOCIATED PJIESS AND UNITED PRESS LEASED WIKES MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY MARCH 201937 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 14S AMELIA UNHURT AS PLANE CRASHES i Victims of School Explosion Buried j BIG PROCESSION OF FUNERALS IS BEGUN AT DAWN Death List Reaches 455 as Military Court Probes Blast Cause NEW LONDON Tex ial of its 455 school blast victims occupied this village of death Sat urday while the full force of a military inquiry sought the cause of the worst catastrophe of its kind in modern times Soon after sunup the great pro cesion of funerals began From churches private homes and fu neral chapels hearses streamed to burial grounds Volunteer minis ters from over the vast east Texas oil region performed continuous services with almost clocklike pre cision To a barnlike school hall adjoin ing the ruins of the once imposing school building a military court headed by Major Caston Howard summoned more than a score of witnesses who it was hoped could explain the cause of the tearing explosion Not Criminal Court We are not here to conduct a criminal court we merely want to help by trying to find out what i caused the explosion and thus pos sibly do something to prevent such future disasters Dr E P Schoch an explosion expert from the University of Texas was called upon to give a i final opinion on tht blast cause at hearing After a t preliminary investigation he said there was no doubt natural gas Only Ruins Remain of Blast Shattered School Building REPORT ERRONEOUS NEW LONDON Tex Intense excitement was created briefly Saturday when an an nouncement was made in Red Cross headquarters in the city hall in Iverton three miles from here that W C Shaw superintendent of the des troyed school here was dead The report was found to be er roneous however Mr Shaw was in good health at his home although depressed because of the accident which cost the lives of so many of his pupils and teachers had seeped into hollow tiles in the school walls converting it into a veritable bomb He blamed lack of proper vents for gas lired in dividual radiators Capt Zachariah Coombs judge advocate of the military court was quoted by the Tyler Morning Telegraph as saying he was in possession of pieces of sewer pipe from the blast ruins which oil workers told him showed traces of nitroglycerin Captain Coombs said he would call as witnesses the men who gave him the fragments but that other witnesses dis counted the theory Other Plants Similar At Austin Gov James V Allred recommended that heating instal lations in Texas school buildings similar to those at the New Lon don structure not be used until after a thorough examination for safety He had been informed in a let ter from George H Greenway of Dallas a heating engineer that there were several more schools in east Texas with the same type of heating equipment that are liable to blow up any minute with the same results The governor set aside Sunday as a day of mourning in Texas ordered the flags on the state buildings continued at halfstaff and proposed that a monument to the victims be erected at the scene of the disaster Eight Stil The casualty list showed 94 in jured and eight missing The list exhaustively as relief workers checked it still was subject to revision Only three young unclaimed in a Hender son mortuary Friday as many as 75 unidenti fied had been laid in rows in im provised morgues at one time The state department of public safety aided in the difficult task of identification by sending 3 fin ger print expert here Dr Schoch said after a pre liminary investigation Friday night there was no doubt gas has been in the building and that the blast cameeither from the base ment or from the walls He called the cells of tile excellent gas chambers Filled AVith Gas Its simple he went on The MACHINE SKIDS AND CRACKS UP ON TAKING OFF 2 Companions Also Escape Injury World Flight Only Postponed HONOLULU Amelia Ear harts 580000 around the world plane crashed Saturday as she was taking off for Howland Island but her own quick action saved Hie lives of herself and two men com panions A tire blew out the tousle headed flyer snid to army officers who hurried to the scene of the wreck No one was hurt Only our spirits are bruised I cut the switches Her swift cutting of the switches of her two powerful motors pre vented the plane from catching fire and exploding more than ROO gallons of the gasoline in the tanks Faces Death Calmly The woman tlyer who had crossed both the Pacific and At lantic oceans durliig her exciting career faced death and danger calmly She came through with only a whitened face to reveal her fesl ngs and disappointment over the wrecking of her eight ton craft We were going about 50 miles an hour when the right tire blew out This means postponement of my world trip but not cancela lion she related Army officers who viewed the spectacular accident agreed Miss Earharts prompt action prevented the plane from bursting into llames although fire shot from to a stop Heads Teachers c MCDOWELL TALK OVER NEW ATHLETIC BODY 50 Iowa Superintendents Principals in Meeting at Des Moines ruins crumpled waits and roofs are all that remain of the London consolidated school near New London Texas after a mysterious explosion believed to have been caused by gas blasted the big modern structure anart killing pupils and teachers arc shown emerging from the ruins carrying a child victim after the worst school disaster In history walls were filled with gas that had no other exit The condition of the bodies of those children bears that out They were blown to burned to death The blast left only half a dozen of the 72 radiators in the buftding intact with their wall connections Dr Schoch inspected each and said he found only one with a sat isfactory flue London school officials visibly shaken by the tragedy thatwiped out half their student body said no definite plans had been made to rebuild the worlds weathiest rural school located in one of the heaviest taxed school districts To Resume School Superintendent W C Shaw who lost a son in the tragedy was assured by Superintendent C O Pollard of Henderson 18 miles distant that all New Lon don pupils between the fifth and eleventh grades would be wel come to attend the Henderson school without charge School officials indicated nor mal routine in the lower grades would be resumed Monday Major Gaston Howard assist ant adjutant general said mar tial law declared soon after the blast would not be lifted until the court of inquiry completed its findings Military rule is needed to retain authority of the court A mass funeral for a yet un determined number of the blast victims was arranged at the New London Baptist church Saturday with possibly another such cere mony at Henderson Bury Own Dead Most of the families however preferred to bury their own dead A considerable number al ready had been sent to various parts of the country Comparatively few of the vic tims were children of families ORDER READ TO MEN IN PLANTS Officers Wear Bullet Proof Vests as They Visit Packing Firm DETROIT Sheriff Bernard McGrath accompanied by 75 officers wearing bullet proof vestsand armcd with tear gas guns marched to the gates of the Newton Packing company plant here Saturday and read a court order demanding that more than 100 sit down strikers evacuate the premises What reply was made was drowned by shouts Theofficers broke a hole in a large glass win dow and entered the main build ing as others solidly guarded the gates In a short time a number of strikers emerged from the build ing to be herded in the street by the oflicers The company claims 5170000 worth of meat in the plant is spoil ing because refrigeration was turned off by the strikers two weeks ago Father of Two Children Admits Slaying Girl 9 with long time ties here The oil boom of 193031 which developed this community and the school plant as well called them here from all parts of the nation Henderson offered free burial plots to families of victims who needed them Permanent care of the graves without charge also was promised Many oil companies assured they were taking care of em ployes Held After Childs Body Is Found in Blood Soaked Burlap Bag NEW YORK a few hours after the discovery of the body of a 9 year uli girl stuffed in a blood soaked burlap bag and badly mutilated police Saturday arrested Salvatore Os sido a Brooklyn barber father of two children and chargedhim with the crime Detective Lieutenant Ralph B de Martini of the Wilson avenue police station said Ossido had confessed he attacked and killed the child The victim Erna Sporrer a pretty blue eyed blond was found by Kalman Yaslisowitz who saw the crimson stained slumped on the front porch of two story brick house at 313 Lin den street a short distance from the girls home The burlap sack was splotched with green paint and Yaskovvitz on opening the bundle was hor rified to find the small victims body inside She had been slashed repeatedly Yasliowitz immediately ran to notify police at the Wilson ave nue station and an ambulance surgeon responding to the call pronounced the child dead Gas Escaping From Broken Main Kills 3 NANTES France persons were killed and thirty others sent to hospitals Saturday by gas escaping from a broken Have Read Your Newspaper Her companions Fred J Noo nan and Capt Harry Manning also escaped injury and neither appeared shaken The trio had entered the plane at a m Pacific Standard Time C S T for the hop to Howland Island a tiny spot 1 532 miles to the southwest The motors roared and Miss Earhart gunned them to taxi to the far end of the concrete run way Then she turned and the en gines hummed as the craft gath ered speed for the takeoff The plane was about half way down the runway when the right tire burst and the landing gear gave way on the left side of the ship Miss Earhart immediately real ized the clanger and quickly gunned the left motor in n dar ing attempt to level the heavy plane WingHits Ground But the craft out of control tipped dizzily and the left wing struck the ground Then it swung around and crushed the landing gear on the left side and stripped off the wheel on the right side coming to rest with the right wing on the runway About 75 army men witnessed the accident and raced with am bulances to the spot Miss Earhnit poked her head from the cockpit Her face was deathly while but she smiled wanly She waved to the crowd and shouted Something must have gone wrong DES MOINES mately 50 Iowa school superinten dents and principals met in a closed session here Saturday to lay the groundwork for a possible new Iowa high school athletic as sociation Although leaders of the move ment refused use of their names it wns learned that the professed purpose of the proposed change is to organize a democratic associa tion for Iowa schools The new group if plans are perfected would break away from the present governing body to entirelyneworganiza tion Any school in the state woulc be eligible for membership one spokesman pointing out that the proposed conference has no con nection with recent reports that a body of Class A schools intended to withdraw and farm a separate unit TEACHERSNAME MDOWELLHEAD FORNEXTYEAR Nichols of GMen Claims Education Must Lead Way to Prevention O L McDowell superintendent of schools at Eagle Grova and chairman ot the executive com mittee the past year was elected president of the north central di vision of the Iowa State Teachers association at the final session of the convention here Saturday morning C II Tompkins Garner was elected vice president Florence Lynch Northwood secretary and R E Nyquist treasurer H J Williams Spencer retiring president was elected delegate to the National Education association convention at Detroit IT G Stilh Estherville was selected as a member of the executive commit tee Elected as Delegate The following were elected del egates of the north central divi sion to the state convention Zcll Berryhill Webster City T B Test Spencer J L Lucken Melrose High Beats RolfeCagers2913 DES MOINES Mel rose boys high school basketball team swamped Rolfe 29 to 13 in the semifinals ot the state tourn ament Saturday afternoon 1 An explosion that wrecked a school building claimed hun dreds of lives in what state 2 The Iowa senate accepting houseamendments to what bill ignored the expressed wishes of Governor Kraschcl 3 How many North Iowa counties were represented at the teachers convention held in Ma son City 4 What justice of the supreme court intimated those who com plained about adverse decisions of that tribunal were poor sports 5 The premier ot what coun try was reported threatening to resign unless given a free hand in settling the aftermath of labor riots that caused several deaths 6 What hero of the Spanish American war died 7 A third of the business sec tion of what North Iowa town was destroyed by fire 8 Fishing and hunting regu lations of the Iowa conservation commission were declared inval id by what court 9 A 7 year old girl picked up a revolver in a house into which her family was moving and fa tally shot her mother near what North Iowa town 10 The four largest hotels in what city were for a time closed by a strike ANSWERS ON PAGE 2 The Weather FORECAST IOWA Fair Saturday night and Sunday somewhat colder in north central and extreme southeast portions not so cold in west and southern portions Sunday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Saturday morning Maximum Friiiay 10 Above minimum In Night Zf Aliove Al 8 A M Saturday 30 Above Snowfall Trace Precipitation Trace Travelers from the south brought stories of a snowstorm which delayed buses as much ns an hour and a half Friday night But Mason City escaped with moisture that was barely measur able The sun was back on the job Saturday forenoon and the thin layer white was being rap idly dissipated WEEKLY FORECAST CHICAGO Weather out look for the period of March 22 to March 27 For the Upper Mississippi and the lower Missouri Vnlleys Preci pitation first of week generally fair middle precipitation agnin near close temperature mostly near or below normal LOOK INSIDE FOR II VERN IIOCKENBERRY Local Businessman Dies After Illness of Week PAGE 3 Scnale Approved Bills Sent to Iowa House PAGE 2 Conservation Board to Have Old Powers PAGE 9 Substitute Toll Free Bridge Plan Studied PAGE 5 Police and Firemen Pay Hike in Budget PAGE 12 Homestead Tax Aid Act Is Signed by Krasche PAGE in rertile Mnrion Cornwall Lake J Cornell Johnson Ring sted Theodore Johnson Belmond Condit Bowie Burl Marguerite Gaard Hampton W Henry Gal bveth Klemme and John A Greenlee Emmetsburg Education must lead the way to crime prevention L B Nichols administrative assistant to J Ed gar Hoover director of the fed eral bureau ot investigation United States department of edu cation declared at the closing session s Plays Saturdays concert by the Northwood high school band national Class B champion in 3936 and winner the subdistrict concert recently held at Britt an address by Miss Agnes Samuelson state superin tendent of public instruction and the election of officers for the coming year Mr Nichols was appointed spe cial agent in the bureau in 1934 after receiving his education at Kalamazoo Mich and the George Washington law school at Wash ington D C Since 1935 he has served as administrative assist ant Subject of Concern The problem of crime has taken on such proportions as to be the subject oC grave concern to every thinking person said Mr Nichols H presents not alone the problem of detection ipprohension punishment and re habilitation but the broader one of causation and effect Its influ ence is so vast that it captivates the imagination of even the most prolific minds For the past several years crimes forces have been kept in the line of inarch at a cost oE ap proximately a second by a well wishing but nearsighted American public IT this illegiti mate expense could but be di verted into lawful channels it would annually equal the entivo cost of ail government and edu cation in this country with enough left over to supply liter ally thousands of scholarships to deserving young men and women Crime forces number 3500000 convicted criminals ancl beyond that one put of every 25 persons have exhibited criminal tenden cies to the extent where law en forcement agencies were justified in arresting and fingerprinting them tor an offense more serious than a traffic violation Mostly Younff Men Out every 1000 persons ar rested and fingerprinted last year 515 were under 30 years oC age 344 were less than 25 years of age and 174 were under 21 years of age We in law enforce ment found some encouragement however for prior to last year the 19 year olds led all ajje groups In 193G however the 22 year olds led in the greatest number oC poisons arrested followed by the 21 year olds with the 19 year olds in third place When we are confronted with the fact that the crime army oC America includes over 700000 boys nnd girls of less than voting age who at the very threshold of life were cut off from worthy careers then indeed we are fac ing a ghastly challenge Public Determination The first step in crime preven tion is an aroused public determin ation awakened to the realization that adequate detection and sure apprehension plus swift certain and just punishment are the time proven deterrents of crime Law enforcement must become so ef fective that it will surely and aerv IJ
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