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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 5, 1937, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOVVANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLIII FIVE CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JANUARY 5 1937 THIS TAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 78 PUBLICITY ON PLANES License Issue Held Aid to Neutrality Backers BIG DECISIONS FACE CONGRESS By CHARLES P STEWAUT ASH INGTON CPA The attempt by Robert Gust and his Vimal ert company of Jersey City to deliver nearly three million dollars x worth of A m e ii can airplanes and accessories to the Spanish L o y a 1 i s ts at Bilbao occurred at a remark ably opportune time for the e ncouragement of a i rt i g h t Yankee neutrality legislation The discussion ot this legisla tion probably would have dragged out considerably except for the commotion created by the Vimal ert affair Congress lias been proneutral ity all along but there lias been plenty pi difference opinion concerning the form that the law ought to take Wrangling over it promised to be prolonged Other important issues likely would have delayed it perhaps lor months Emergency Created The Vimalert case however created an emergency requiring immediate action not only with a view to tho future but to head off the present Vimalert shipment To be sure Cuse already had his license to ship but an amended law covering such situations as he was trying to take advantage of automatically cancels his author ization But it was a juncture in which congress had to act ciuickly to have its amendment in effect before Vimalert could get its consignment on the ocean In short the affair could not possibly have developed more op portunely for publicity purposes of neutrality promoters in con grcss and the administration VVa1 Not Visioned SENATE HOUSE HOLD BUT BRIEF FIRST SESSIONS Speculate on Roosevelts Message Bankhead Is Named Speaker WASHINGTON sevj onlytilth congress opened amid a Kidnap Development Expected Soon Incidentally it emphasizes the difficulties involved in framing a statute to meet all imaginable wartime siluations The original act designed to prevent arms sales to foreign countries at war with one another was supposed to be fully least for the time being But directly after it had been enacled a civil war broke war within one coun try not an international struggle Consequently the prohibition did not fit as demonstrated by the Vimalert folk in obtaining their license That weakness in the law having been found before too much dam age had been done the particular hole in question can be plugged up to meet the existing danger But who can tell what kind of a complication will arise in the next instance Discretion to President General agreement seems to be that the president must he given sufficient discretion to deal in stantly with such surprises Yet even this docs not altogether solve the problem For one thing there may be some question of the con stitutionality of so broad a delega tion of legislative power to the executive Moreover while Presi dent Roosevelt appears to be as strongly proneutrality as anyone some future president may be much less so In which event he will have the authority already granted to him to go about as far ashe likes in what neutralists per haps will consider a wrong direc tion Indeed President Roosevelt him self remarks that not every little fracas ought lo be classified as civil war thus justifying or re quiring ah arms embargo Lois of Latitude Accordingly should civil wars remain to be defined in each in stance This would leave a deal of lati tude Even Spains outbreak was not at first recognized as real warfare In brief the law probably will have to be considerably tinkered with yet But the Cuse case has convinced all haqds that no time should be lost in making emer gency repairs and then getting the statute into shapeas fast as pos sible to stand permanently Meanwhile Cusc and Vimalert are due for plenty of investigation by federal agencies quickening tempo of national prosperity Tuesday to face a batch of problems embracing la bor at home and war rum bles abroad Sharp gavel Vice President Garner in the senate and South Trimble clerk in the began at 11 a m CST the organization chores ot tlie third congress of Franklin D Roosevelts presidency These were but preludes lo bulky legislative tasks ahead The big democratic majorities back slapping and renewing acquaint ances in crowded cnpilol corridors and the more austere debating chambers looked to Mr Roose velts annual message Wednesday for guidance Spcculale on Message What the chief executive will ask to help guarantee Americas neutrality Ihe future of federal relief expenditures and possibili ties of a constitutional amend ment covering labor wages and working hours were foromost in the thoughts of legislators Representative Sam Ray burn of Texas was the center of groups offering congratulations on his election lo the democratic flooi leadership Representative William B Bsnkhead of Alabama again was the democratic choice for the speakeiship An hour before time for con vening house and senate galleries began filling Newsreel radio and cameramen spent the morning arranging equipment and installing a row o floodlights across Ihe ceiling in the Herring Says Thompson to Die March 4 Governor Finds No Truth in Confession of Life Term Convict DES MOINES Clyde Herring Tuesday set Thursday March 4 as the date when Tony Thompson former St Louis Mo nctory worker must die on Fort Madison penitentiary gallows foi he torture robbery murder of Martin Wolz Louisa county larm Herring said a study of the evi dence in the case convinced him here is no truth in the confes sion of Eddie Tallent life term convict which would have cleared Thompson There was an eye witness who dcntified Thompson as the kill er Ihe governor said Olhci witnesses placed him at the Writes to Kidnaper house Swear in New Members The swearing in of new mem bers constituted almost Ihe only immediate business before eacl house Of the 35 freshman reprc sentatives and 16 new senators a few had yet to reach Ihe city Senator Bridges R N H was the first new member to reach the senate Dressed in a frock coat he was accompanied by Senator Vandenberg R Mich Senator Borah R one of the last to arrive went straight to Senator Glass D Va to con gratulate the Virginian on his sev entyninth birthday Monday Promptly at noon Vice Presi dent Garner walked in and rapped for order Elderly South Trimble also called the house to order promptly at noon but a buzz of conversa tion kept on for a full minute be fore the Rev James Shera Mont gomery the chaplain could offer prayer 417 Members Present After Trimble had announced 417 an swered the roll call Representa tive Doughton of North Carolina new chairman of the democratic caucus nominated Bankhead for another term as speaker The republicans proposed Rep resentative Sncll nf New York the minority leader Progressives and farmerlaborites nominated Rep resentative Schneider Wisconsin progressive Bankhead was formally elected admid the shouts of the areat scene of the crime Justifies Suprcim1 Penally The people have said through the legislature that death must be the supreme penally for Ihe su preme crime It is my feeling lhat Tony Thompsons crime by its very nature is one which justifies a supreme penalty Thompson was sentenced Oct 23 1935 to be hanged for the murder of Wolz in July 1933 Paul Hake Louisa county farm hand now serving a life sentence for his part in the crime con fessed that he Tallent and Thompson went to Wolzs farm nearpalVvilleIowa waylaid the elderly farmer and his house keeper killed Wolz and robbed him of flO cents No Appeal iUade Three weeks ygo Herring re ceived from Tallcnl a confes sion which said Tallcnt and Make framed Thompson because he had discharged them for steal ing at a Si Louis factory where Ihe three men worked prior to the Wolz murder The confession said only Hake and Tallent were involved in the murder Herring said he had received no appeal for clemency in Thomp sons case It was the fourth time since he took office in 1033 the governor was required to act in a death sentence case He denied the clemency appeals of Pal Griffith and Elmer Brewer and of Reginald Tracy and com muted to life the death sentence of Arch Breeding Hanged for Murder Griffin and Brewer were hanged for Ihe murder of a Black Hawk county deputy sheriff Tracy tor the murder of his wife Preeding was convicted of killing his wife The Iowa supreme court late in November denied Thompsons ap peal from his conviction and death sentence His attorneys tailed to tile n re quest tor reconsideration thus ending all chance of appeal lo stale courts In its decision the court dis counted the alibi ot Thompson falher of five children who claimed lhat on the night of the murder he was attending a birlh Fay Rogers one of the young friends of 10 year old Charles Mattson kidnaped Tacomii Wash boy writes a note to the kidnaper asking him to please urine Charles back Do not hurt him because lie is a nice kit and I had lots of fun with him WHAT CONGRESS IS DOING By lie Associated Press and senate meet separately at noon lo swear in new members notify the president they arc in ses sion and arrange for a joint meeting Tuesday The house also reelects Speaker William B Bankhead and names its other officials joint session house and senate will count electoral votes and hear Presi dent Roosevelt deliver his an nual message CONTINUED COLD FOR NORTH IOWA Snow to Move Into State From West Predicts Weatherman North creaked with sub zero cold early Tuesday and Ihe wcalhcrman forecast continued zero and below weather Tuesday night along with snow Tuesday night and Wednesday The snow he said probably would roll into the slate from the west and spread eastward Wed nesday While heavy snow was re ported in Montana Wyoming and Colorado the weatherman said the Iowa fall probably would be moderate He warned however lhat there was possibility of a blizzard al though the weather map indicated it probably would nol be quite Ko cold Wednesday Crcsco 12 Below Twelve below was reported a Crcsco at daylight Tuesday for the stales lowest reading At North wood the minimum was 10 de grees below zero Spirit Lake also reported 10 below while Mason City had a minimum of 7 below and Charles City G below At Northwood where Ihe sud den freeze caused the thawing streets late Monday to become icy J E Amuhdson fell in front of his store and suffered a broken leg More Cold Seen The weatherman forecast a low of 10 degrees below zero for northeast Iowa Tuesday night Northwest Iowa was slated for a 5 REPORT FAMILY IS HOPEFUL OF BOYS RELEASE Satisfactory Contact With Abductor Believed Made by Mattsons TACOMA Wash close to the family of kidnaped Charles Mattson intimated strong ly Tuesday that definite progress was being made toward winning the 10 year old boys release They hinted Dr and Mrs W W Mattson the boys parents were expecting an important develop ment soon but whether it was payment of the demanded or the childs actual rc iease was not disclosed The ordered reappearance in the classified advertising columns of the Seatllc Times of an al ercd Mattson communication to the kidnaper made il seem prob able however the money had not been paid The advertisement was the same as the one inserted Mon day h a v c received your communications Police have nol intercepted them We are Officials More Oplimislic Certain official sources gav the impression of optimism though these persons a few day ago expressed grave fears fo Charles safety The prevailing opinion was tl a satisfactory contact had bee made wilh the abductor who brok into the Mattson home Sunda Dec 27 and carried the boy awa from the room where he was talk itig wild his brother and sislc and her girl chum Dr Malison was known lo b definilely relieved by the curie response to his pica lhat the la enforcement agencies cease woi n the case until his sons safcl vas assured A blustery cold night passe vitli Charles still missing on th linth day although an intermcdi iry was busy Monday and visile he Mattson house several times Absent From School Hitler Decides to Close Incident of Palos With Ultimatum j democratic majority The oath of office was adminis tered to the newly elected senators and routine opening procedure dis posed of by the senate in a 50 minute session It then adjourned until Wednesday Snell and Bankhead joined arms and walked down the center aisle lo the dais Turning to the Alabaman the republican leader said we know you will be just and fair and wished him success Thanks New Yorker Bankhead in cutaway and striped trousers thanked the New Yorker and promised at all times to endeavor to be just fair and equitable and try to attempt to measure up to the illustrious tra ditions that have been handed down to me The speaker then administered the oalli to all present except Ar thur B Jcnks of New Hampshire republican recently declared elect clay party for his eldest daughter degree below minimum and the south half of the state for zero The subzero cold rolled into the state lale Monday after tem peratures mounted to the freezing zone or above over much of the the day Counci 42 for the high ed by AD votes Roy democrat over after Alphonse Ihe first congressional tic In 110 years On Snclls motion a resolution quickly was adopted authorizing Jenks to take the oath and it was administered by Bankhead After adopting resolutions ex pressing profound sorrow over the deaths of rep resen la lives and senalors in recent months the house adjourned at central standard lime in St Louis The states high court described the crime as wilful premeditated murder and said the jury which decreed the death penalty acted within its powers Transferred toAnamosit Hake who was transferred from Fort Madison prison to Anamosa reformatory said that while he was in the prison Tallcnt on sev eral occasions asked him to change his story so as to clear Thompson I told the truth then in his or iginal confession and I would do anything I could to help Tony but I cant change my slory for its the truth Hake told the Anamosa warden The key witness in Thompsons district court trial Mrs Susan Holcroft the elderly farmers housekeeper described in detail the robbery and murder identify ing Thompson as the actual slay er Her testimony corroborated lhat ot Hake who said he acted as Ihe fingerman for the robbery and remained at the farmyard gate while Thompson and Tallcnt en tered the farmhouse Hake said they waited tor Wolz and Mrs Holcroft then shot the farmer when he resisted their attempts to rob hira When he announced his decision setting a date for Thompsons death Governor Herring said he was strongly influenced by read ing the evidence submitted during the district court trial slale earlier in Bluffs reported Monday The Weather FORECAST IOWA Unsettled snow Wed nesday and in extreme west por tion Tuesday nifflit Continued cold Tuesday nifflil Not so cold Wednesday MINNESOTA Generally fair Tuesday nifflit and Wednesday except snow in southwest portion Wednesday continued cold Tuesday night nnt finite so cold Wednesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Tuesday morning Maximum Monday 38 Above minimum In Nifflit 7 Below At 8 A M 6 Belosv The forecasler hit it on the nose when he predicted colder weathe for Monday night The drop in 18 hours was 45 degrees one o the most precipitous movement of temperature in recent years The sky was overcast Tuesday and the temperature was slidin slowly up the column The boy was marked absent rom his school class by Mrs Gus B Appelman his teacher and an ntimate of the family Of course I missed him Mrs Appelman said while she waited n her aulomobilc for her husband lieutenant Colonel Apnclrrum vho Was inside Ihe house talking vith Dr Mattson She gave an enigmatic reply to i question of how soon she bc ieved there would be a break in he case I dont know any more about t than anybody else she said Well just have to wait How long do you lay tomorrow or a week or norc Well all have to wait Mrs Appelman replied Move Tlioiwlit Futile Though officials of state hos pitals for the insane sent photo graphs of paroled and escaped in mates lo authorities in charge of Lhe kidnaping investigation those who have followed the case close ly believed it was a futile move Actions of the kidnaper when lie entered the house led to a first impression he was criminally in sane or possibly a narcotic addict This theory was subsequently dis carded because of the extreme caution displayed arid methods employed by the kidnaper Circumstances of the Matlson case indicated the kidnaper re ceived a thorough schooling in the business from studying the George Weyerhaeuser kidnaping here in May and June 1935 He used even greater precautions than BERLIN I Responsible ourccs said Tuesday night that lerman army and navy chiefs ad prevailed upon Reichfuchrer Vdolf Hitler to close the Spanish alos incident with a bloodless Itimatum The ultimatum dispatched by adio to Ihe Spanish Valencia gov rnmenl today from the German ruiser Koenigsberg gave the Basque captors of the German reightcr Palos until 8 oclock Fri day morning to return the in erned portion of the cargo and a Spanish passenger Otherwise the message said two Spanish ships icld by he Germans would be disposed of and turned over to ipanish fascists Already Turned Down Basque reports said the ulti matum already had been refused No matter what the Spanish inswer it was stated the Palos ncident will be deemed closed by the German government If the Spaniards return the Palos cargo and passenger well and good If they do not German dispose of the two Spanish ships but will take no more re prisals against Spanish shipping because of the Palos affair At the same time Foreign Min ister Konstantin von Neurath was understood to have obtainec FrancoBritish good offices to dis suade Ihe Spanish governmen from further German ship seiz ures No Clear Yes or No II was learned further that th German reply to the FrancoBrit ish demand for a stoppage of vo unteers lo fascist Spain will b conciliatory in tone although likely will nol be a clear yes o no H probably will nol be com municaled before Thursday and llien in conjunction with Italy BASQUES TUKN DOWN GERMANYS ULTIMATUM B A Y O N N E France if Spokesmen for the Basque captors of a German freighter cargo an nounced late Tuesday the Span ish government at Valencia al ready had turned down a 3 day ultimatum from the German cruiser Koenigsberg demanding release of the sequestered material and of an interned Spanish pas scngcr The spokesmen further warned thai very grave consequences would be llic result of additional German interference with Span ish shipping YSIv GERMANY AND ITALY TO HURRY UP REPLIES LONDON The British government asked Germany and taly today lo reply by Saturday it the latest to Ihe London pro posal lo ban foreign volunteers rom the Spanish civil war Instructions from Whitehall or id It was understood the insur enls said they had mistaken the trib for another foreign vessel under suspicion She was firccl pon and halted but was not oardecl and was permitted to roceed Stand Out lo Sea With British warships under or ers lo stand out to sea it the ad mirally decides their guns are iccded to enforce freedom of the roublecl waters off Spain war isk insurance rales for shipping n Ihose seas suddenly doubled Even British vessels were being hargcd 1 per cent compared to per ccnl a week ago Rales on Spanish steamers wilh Spanish crews were quoted at 5 per ccnl Seventeen British warships al have been massed in the roublecl waters about llic civil var lorn peninsula under orders t was learned to answer with sheJJfire any attack on British nerchantmen Eden Ends Holiday Foreign Secretary A n I h o n y Eden cut short his holiday vaca tion to return to London and take personal control of smooth the troubled efforts to diplomatic situation caused by interference with British shipping landing of llalian volunteers and nazi re prisals in Ihe undeclared war1 against Spain The government officially con firmed reports it possessed infor mation more than 10000 Italians AUTO WORKERS HEAD IS READY COOPERATE Stoppage of General Motors Is Under Way AUTOLABOU AT A GLANCE By The Associated Tress Secretary Perkins after white house discussion ot automobile labor situation with President Roosevelt advises both sides lo negotiate rather than to try their differences of opinion in Investigators for senate com mittee on civil liberties viola tions say high officials of General Motors Corporation probably will be called to tes tify at hearings James F Dewcy department of laboi1 conciliator arrives in Detroit Sheriff of Gcnesce county Michigan serves two union vice presidents with Flint anti strike injunction Homer Martin president of the United Automobile Workers says a general stoppage of General Motors is under way but pledges cooperation with all government agencies seek ing lo conciliate differences General Motors corporation announces it will not recognize any one union as sole collec tive bargaining agency United Automobile Workers of America reiterates demand for conference to determine national policy on funda mental issues Mahan arid his com Mr and Mrs Harmon William panions Mctz Waley all of whom arc serv ing long prison terms Some Letters Amusinsr The family found some relic Tuesday from the terrific strain i has undergone since Charles war snatched from his home the nig of Dec 27 by reading scores r lellcrs from all pails of the nation Dr Matlson even considercc some of the Idlers amusing es pecially the offer of a clairvoy ant to solve the case for a price if the sole of a soiled stocking belonging to the boy was sent Tacoma police released a sea man Monday night after holdint him four days for investigatioi because he bore a sharp resem blance lo the dcscriplion of th kidnaper Another of Ihe letters whicl drew Doctors attention was sen dered Sir Eric Drummond British ambassador at Rome and Sir Eric have arrived in Spain during the Toledo Chevrolet pas OL nit General Motors employes idle Corporation offi cials predict total of 135000 by weekend Unions strategy board delib erates calling general strike In addition to 4000 landed at the insurgent port of Cadiz on New Years day authoritative sources said G500 other Italians arrived I there around Christinas The fan 1 contingent was said to have landed from the Italian military transport Lombaidia Italian Troops Landed French diplomatic circles said the first group of troops was land ed on Dec 22 The present grouping of Brit ains fleet in Spanish waters al lows two battle cruisers one battleship one spot ship and 13 destroyers to be always within striking distance of strategic points in the danger zone Despite Italian denials that vol unteers had been landed at Cadiz British spokesman stood firm on their information without reveal ing its source High authorities in Rome said the reports were categorically false and scoffed at the British foreign office the story as responsible for hipps ambassador at Berlin to j communicate the request to the German and Italian governments without delay Informed sources said the ac ion was not an uHimatum but was deemed necessary in view o hc increasingly dangerous situa tion in Spain PLEDGE FKOM KEBKLS Protesting British warships ready for action off Spain won a pledge of marine respect Tuesday from fascist Spanish sea patrols The commander of the British destroyer Grafton which nosed into the harbor of Cadiz lo make sharp representations against Ihe New Years eve halting of Ihe English merchantman Etrib by in surgent trawlers wirelessed home authorities he had received sat isfactory promises that British shipping rights in and near the Straits of Gibraltar will be re spected Orders to that effect have been flashed to the insurgent patrol boals the Graf tons commander by a man who claimed an inven tion for finding lost The inventor asserted his de vice had been successful in finding persons 100 miles away and un doubtedly will reach farther than thai Study at Ho inc William and Muriel M brother and sister of the kidnaped boy remained away from school A boy about Williams age took a stack of school books to the home and left them William was seen reading beside a second story window a few minutes later Automobiles carrying visitors arrived and left the house Monday night but before early morning the Matlson home was quiet a solitary light burning behind a curtain LOOK INSIDE FOR against General Motors GOV ELMER A BENSON New Minnesota Chief Urges Tax on Wealth ON PAGE R North Iowa Counties lo Plan Farm Program ON PAGE 10 Admits Seeing Baker Executed by Explosion ON PAGE 2 Local Teams Tussle in Wednesday Tests ON PAGE 3 WILL SLirPOIlT ATTHiMITS TO CONCILIATE STRIKES DETROIT Martin president of the embattled United Automobile Workers of America pledged cooperation Tuesday tn all government agencies seeking to conciliate present strikes but asserted that a general stoppage of General Motors is underway Asked at a press conference it you are prepared to call a gener al strike Martin replied It is getting more general all the lime It isquite obvious that a general stoppage ot General Mo tors is underway Strikes and resultant shortages of supplies have closed 15 of Gen eral Motors fi plants Martins pledge of coopcrn liim with federal agencies camp after word from Washington of a conference between Secretary of Labor Perkins and President Roosevelt on Ihe automobilelabor situation Sloan in Refusal That conference followed an np jnrciit impasse caused by lie rcfusalof Alfred P Sloan Jr president of General Motors Corp lo recognize any one union ns the sole bargaining agency for its employes Replying tn Sloans assertion that Ihe Automobile Union was attempting lo run General Motors Martin said Tuesday that We never have ask ed the right to run General Mo tors business or its plants He said however that we do ask for our rights as workers through our own organization to run our end of collective bargain ing Both Ends He declared that General Mo tors thus far has handled bolli ends of colleclive bargaining be cause nf its control of the workers councils and through refusal In meet the issue of collective bar gaining on the proper basis A wnliroul of union emuloycs at Ihe Toledo Chevrolet plant Monday night increased to nine the num ber of General Motors units closed by strikes Six others have been shut in whole or in part because 1heslrjkes created a shortage of needed materials The Toledo branch employed ncrrly 1000 person Most ot the night shift left the building bul a union leader SHK men sat down and remained inside Ken neth Cole secretary of the U A W A local said the strike was called in connection with the others in General Motors plants Little Violence Seen Witii one exception the strikes in General Motors divisions have been conducted without violence Two union pickets and a police man were hurt slightly Monday in a scuffle at the strike closed Fisher body plant in Cleveland Slightly under SO000 employes of Ihe huge corporation were
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