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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 16, 1936, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLII1 FIVECENTS A COPS ASSOCIAIXD PRESS LEASED WIRE tiK MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY NOVEMBER 16 1936 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 35 U S SETS UP WORKER PENSION PLAN FASCIST Officials Inspect Local Plant GAIN FOOTHOLD Executives Photographed mile Making Tour of Decker Properties PRESIDENT NINE OTHERS VISITING IN MASON CITY Cabell to Give Address Big Guns Hammering at j Defenders Heard for 25 Miles WITH THE FASCIST FORCES OITS1DE MADRID bij Madrids with 200 pound shells Mon rumors that Moors and foreign legion had reached the Paseo de Ro Thcsc repors insurgents o the The Area was under heavv pcne obscured oy Ar official the Minors and for had occupied a ir north f ie Piseo Je Resale At ide T Puec ii a the oj proper nins asd aerial tire The harrAoi1 les the Paseo and eel Norre or north was tr guns couid be i holding j o newly gained iride blasted vraiis with heavy fire accord to reports from attackers headquarters Acvasce sruards o Gen Francisj besiegers fought j into the northwestern j district late Sunday command announced j Tanks Precede Troops i Troops preceded by tanks forded 1 river and gained fighting Te which began eariy 1 was made possiMe j fey bcmbardment ot in a large j if section of the the Parque del i fascist trimotored bombers 60 bombs the district clear the way for tie inianlry siich followed behind a j c machinegun and rifle Tie Tvbcle northwestern section i Manzanares was clouded th thick black smoke from the down to the paroue de Oeste Sound of Fighting Jounii of fighting cracklin arc exploding hand grenades could be heard plain Armour officials headed by President Robert H Cabell were photographed while making a tour of inspection of the grounds and buildings at the Jacob E Decker and Sons plant Monday They are shown above with localheads of the plant Left to right are E E Evans assistant general manager in charge of all Armour plant operations R D MacManus director of public relations D S Hawkins Decker plant superin tendent L S McCauley Armour vice president and treasurer Fred Duffield general manager of Becker plant F A Benson vice president in charge of Armour beef operations Robert H Cabell president of Armour and company H S Eldred vice president incharge of Armour plant operations Jay E Decker 3 B Scott vice president of Armour in charge of traffic Specht vice president in charge ofArmour branchbonsr and car routesales distribution and S operations plant are shown in the background Lock Photo Kayenay Engraving FRAZIERLEMKE ACT IS INVOLVED Supreme Court Case Filed No Opinions Announced at Session Mary Pickford Confirms M B A OFFICIALS TRIAL NEAR JURY WASHINGTON Another i involving constitutionality of the amended FrazierLemke mort e moratorium act was filed in supreme court Monday by Rob from the vanlaze point where tha m Wright of Bedford coun correspondent watcaeJ the bombardment Attorneys filing the appeal in Fascj leaders expressed belief eluded Representative Lemke of push to take Madrid now I North Dakota coauthor of the leg had developed real momentum islation and the union party candi Insurgent headquarters date for president m the Nov 3 ed officially the opening of im election portant military activity in the region of Las Navas Del Marques and Cnapineria where government Under the act fanners were granted a three year moratorium before their mortgages could be militia nas blocked the insurgent foreclosed march toward Madrid out of the The petition arrived after the mountains in the north court had held a session which pro communique was taken as j duced no opinions and then started vdence government resistance in ion another week of arguments in Ei Escorial and Guadarramaeluding three new deal controver may be crumbisies Lug Collapse of the socialist dej Appeals From Killing lenses would release vital fascist re for a direct notrhern attack on the besieged cilv 10 Miles Aklas Navas Del Marques is 15 i crtv without due sbout 10 miles due west of E Es corial and Chapineria is about miles due soutlUBoth towns fas Thc bank was cistheld are on highways which inj tersect at El Escorial a government appealed from a by the circuit court of appeals dis missing his petition on the claim by the Vinton branch of the Moun tain Trust bank of PvOanoke that the legislation took their prop process of law one of Wrights Fascist bombing planes which prepared the way for the shock troops to enter University City escorted by 15 fighting ships A squadron of government planes a half hour earlier flew low over the insurgent lines in an attempt to halt the advance of General Francovanguard Reinlcrcements of Legionnaires znd Muors were pushed up to follow the shock troops into the capital where violent street fighting was rxpccted A fleet of whipped tanks lined up ready to aid the in vasion Eldora Man Hit by Train Little Hurt ELDORA Northwestern train engine struck Albert Daleske of Eldora while he was walking down the tracks hunting The en gineer stopped the locomotive and backed up He saw Daleske get up rub a few bruises his only in juries to arguments handed down The circuit court affirmed a rul ing of the federal district court for western Virginia This was one of six cases heard together Thc tribunal refused recently to review another case involving the act filed by the Phoenix joint stock land bank of Kansas City No Opinions Published In its session which lasted only a few minutes the court permitted the government to intervene in a case intended to determine whether the gold clause resolution barring payment of obligations in gold ap plies to rental contracts This took place after the court had announced whether it would review approximately 30 cases ap pealed from lower courts and before it began another week of listening Oft R umored Engagement Says Buddy Rogers Mother Will Make Announcement HOLLYWOOD UP Mary Pickford confirmed Monday her oft rumored engagement to Charles Buddy Rogers band leader and actor Misa Pickford said Mrs Bei t Rogers mother of Buddy would fly to Hollywood Tuesday f m Olathe to make the offi cial announce ment next Fri day or Satur day The a n nouncement will be made at a CHARLES small reception to be held at the Beverly Wilshirc said Miss Pickford The re ception will be planned on the ar rival of Mrs Rogers No date for j the wedding has been set except that it will be held someime in the Hitherto rumors that the two would wed have been met by silence or clireit denials Monday morning however Judgo Bert Rogers in Olathe said that he had talked to his son by telephone and that the formal announcement of the engagement would be made Friday in Hollywood Miss Pickford the former wife MARY PICKFORD No opinions were In response to a government mo tion Chief Justice Hughes per mitted the justice department to file a brief as friend of the court in a case in which the Holyoke Water Power company seeks to collect from the Ameri i can Writing Paper company of Iowa Woman Drowns Herself in Bathtub DAVENPORT W F Skelley said Miss Eldora L Wright apparently ended her life in a bathtub half filled with water be cause of despondency over ill of Douglas Fairbanks confirmed the engagement through her person al representative Mark Larkin No comment from Rogers was forthcoming Farmer Hangs Himself ATLANTIC said Joseph M Huffman 60 hanged himself at his farm home near Wi ota Massachusetts The brief will be filed later Gold Clause Contract The power company contends a gold clause rental contract un der which it leased some water rights to the paper company was not affected by the resolution adopted by congress in 1933 In Its ruling on Feb the court upheld the government con tention that it could abrogate the old clause In private conracts It added that the government could not take that action so far as its own obligations were concerned but even so the litigants must prove damages FORECAST IOWA Generally fair Monday night and Tuesday rising tem perature Monday night and in south and east portions Tuesday MINNESOTA Generally fair Monday night andTuesday ris ing temperature Monday night und in southeast and extreme east Tuesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum Sunday Minimum In Night At 8 A M Monday S3 23 27 Figures for 24 iour period ending at S oclock Sunday morning Maximum Saturday 52 Minimum in Night 33 At 8 A M Sundav 24 Judge Scott Denies Motion of Defense for Directed Acquittal Verdict FORT DODGE govern ments case against four former of ficials of the Modern Brotherhood of America and a Chicago Insurance broker on charges of using the mails U defraud wag expected to go to the jury in federal court here Mon day nigbt Judge a defense mo tion for a directed verdict of acquit tal and the attorneys started the presentation of closing arguments Monday The defendants who are accused by the government of accepting an alleged secret commission in arranging the merger of the Brotherhood with the Independent Order of Foresters of Toronto are Albert Hass of Mason City Frank Parneliof Bogcobel Willaxd Knight of Battle Creek and Dr W O Curtis of Chicago former M B A directors and Clarence Parks Chicago insurance broker Employment Contracts The charges these special employment contracts weregiven to officers and employes of the M B who didnot share in the commission to cover the activities of the defendants The pool used to buy up the spe cial employment contracts con sisted o some each of the defendants contributing or according to the information Sparks said he obtained from Hass and Parks It was pointed out that no evi dence has been introduced during the trial to indicate that the offic ers and employes who received special employment contracts in cluding Supreme Secretary A L Sherwin and Supreme Treasurer E A D Bell had any knowledge of the payment of the commission until many months after the merger Dunn Leads Prosecution Government attorneys in the case are United States Attorney Edward G Dunn of Mason City Special As sistant Attorney General Walter F Hopkins of Washington D C and Assistant U S Attorneys William B Danf orth and Walter R Hutchin son Associated in the defense are F F Faville of Sioux City former jus tice of tbe Iowa supreme court R B Cook of Davenport Arthur F and John Mullen of Omaha and Clyde W Taylor of Kansas City to Dinner of Local C of C PLobert H Cabell president and eight other officials of Armour and company almost the entire execu tive office of the corporation are in Mason City Monday inspecting the Jacob E Decker and Sons plant and meeting with department heads and employes as well as other busi nessmen of the community Monday evening at oclock the Armour officials will be guests of the Mason City Chamber of Commerce at a dinner in the Hotel Hanford where Mr Cabell will give an address The group of visitors said to be the largest party of Armour offi cials ever to leave the home office to visit one of the branches of the organization was made up of the following President of Company Robert H Cabell president of Armour and company Harry S Eldred vice president in charge of Armour plant operations W S Clithero vice president in charge of pork operations Frank A Benson vice president in charge of beef operations F W Specht vice president in charge of branch house and car route sales distribution J B Scott vice president in charge of traffic L S McCauley vice president and treasurer E E Dick Evans assistant generalmanager in charge of air slant operations R D MacManus director of public relations The party which arrived at Toclock Monday morning was met by Fred Duffield seneral manager Jay Decker and S Hawkins plant superintendent The nine offi ials immediately began an inspec tion of the plant and conferring with department heads At oclock the Decker organiza ion met in the garage building to neet the Armour officials Interested in Plant The Armour group was enter ained at lunch at the home of Mr and Mrs Duffield 303 Second treet southeast Monday noon Mr Cabell as well as other Armour officials manifested a keen nterest in seeing the Mason City iroperty which was purchased last ear Plans are being made for a large oathering of Mason City business len at the dinner Monday evening o hear Mr Cabell Willis G C Bagley president of the Chamber f Commerce will preside Music by a string group will be furnished during the meal The Rusty Hinge quartet also will be on the program LOOK INSIDE FOR ETHEL DU PONT Roosevelt and duPont Wedding to Be Small 1 ON PAGE2 10ArtificialLakes Built in Iowa by CCC ON PAGE 10 Washington Is Coasts Choice for Bowl Scrap ON PAGE 11 European Tension Over War at Breaking Point PAGE 4 COL 2 Depression EDITORS NOTE The Globe Gazette presents below the first of six stories explaining the so cial security WASHINGTON social security act resulted from a demand born of depression that the gov ernment guard the helpless the unemployed and the aged against economic vicissitudes in the future Enacted in August 1935 after studies by a presidential commit tee and debates in congress its ad ministration to date has been di rected almost exclusively to federal aid for states in the setting up of unemployment insurance and in caring for the needy aged the needy blind and dependent children But Monday the mailman began delivering brief questionnaires to employers in preparation for the major establishment of pension accounts for workers This is the only section of the law directly administred by the federal government It takes effect Jan 1 Dispute Over Tax Imminence of the registration and dispute over the wage tax at the close of the political campaign have raised public curiosity about the act to a new peak While its legal staff prepares to defend the constitutionality and experts study revisions to be considered by con gress the security board and re gional offices are being deluged with inquiries What does this law mean to me I would like answers to ques tions in the mind of the average our case small writes one Stevedores in New York want to know where they stand corpora tion lawyers assemble data for their directors and the pensions isystem is a principal subject of in terest at present Monthly Chwk Broadly this section means that mosfpedplelncommerce and indus try who reach 65 after 1941 will re ceive thenceforth a monthly check from the government if they stop working Or a payment will go to the workers family if he dies Whatever social security officials say the worker or his family gets back more money than he pays The amount of the monthly pen sion will depend on an employes earnings from Jan 1 until the sixtyfifth birthday Should a person retire at age 65 and then return to work from time to time the pension check will be held up for each month in which he receives wages from an employ ment covered by the law Government Employes Oui Among those not provided for in this law is the mailman ringing the doorbell of shops everywhere Mon day and all others who work for the federal state or local govern ments as well as the self employed people already over 65 farm help domestic servants casual laborers ships crews railroad men and em ployes of religious educational philanthropic or scientific institu tions Two stipulations must be met be fore persons can be pensioned they must have earned at least be tween this December 31 and their 65th birthday and they must have worked in at least 5 different cal endar years from January 1 until that birthday The pension bill will be paid prin cipally from taxes on wages and payrolls An old age reserve ac count potentially totalling by 1980 is to be set up in thetreasury Criticism has been made that this provision as written is unsound and a change may be Appropriate From Fund Congress wiD appropriate from this fund whatever is needed annu ally for the pensions The shares of the bootblack and the banker will be decided on the same basis The minimum monthly benefit will be the maximum Consider the grocer down the street Mr Ben and his clerk Bru tus Bolt The law requires the boss to report to the government before next Sunday on the nature of his business and number of employes though he has only one Bolt must report between November 24 and December 15 on the sort of job he has date and place of birth his mothers maiden name and other questions The same procedure ap plies to large enterprises Thegovernment will keep track of each employer through an identi fication Brutus and his fellow workers each will receive a little card giving his account num He is being asked his mothers maiden name at this time to help further to Identify Mm in case he loses his card and forgets ber He is expected to report his number to his employer Next Taxes to be I 26 MILLION WILL BE ELIGIBLE FOR AID UNDER LAW Government Begins Task of Getting Information From Employers WASHINGTON federal government began Monday the most gigantic task of its kind ever under job of letting up social security accounts some 000 workers From postoffices through out the country postmen set out with forms to be delivered to 000 business establishments Thus began the unprecedented operation of collection the basic data for the old age pension system applying to workers in factories shops mines mills offices stores and other such business establishments The time for the creation of the mountainous files of information was growing short for the old age pension at one cent on each dollar of workers earnings IN MASON CITY The Mason City postoffice joined with others Monday in the distribution to employers of the form known as the em ployers application for identifi cation the initial step in placing the employes phase of the social security act into opera tion Approximately em ployers of labor and salaried persons were estimated to be on the Mason City list Postoffice authorities asked that employers return these forms as soon as possible in order to expedite the huge task involved in getting the employes accounts set up up to a year and one cent fox every dollar of the employers go into effect Jan 1 1937 Taxes Will Increase The taxes will increase gradually until beginning in 1949 they will be three per cent of wages and three per cent of payrolls The money is being collected to finance pensions ranging from to a month to which the workers will be entitled on reaching age 65 Vincent M Miles member of the social security board explained the information gathering operation which the government began Mon day In a speech prepared for deliv ery before a conference of gover nors at St Louis he said Although this undentaking is of unprecedented proportions the plan worked out with the postof quite simple Form Is Distributed Beginning today postoffices will distribute to employers a form known as the employers applica tion for identification This form will ask the employer only seven simple questions ans wers to which will enable the post office department to know how many employes application forms to deliver to each The questions are The business name description of the nature of the business address approximate number of persons employed prin cipal products of the manufacturing firms whether the establishment is a branch or subsidiary concern the name and address of headquar ters Asks Few Questions Then beginning on Nov Miles said Postoffices throughout the country will deliver to employes through their employers forms known as applications for account The employesapplication is a simple form asking a few ques tions such as name and address of the worker name and address of his employer the date and place ol birth and fathers and mothers name On the return of this informa tion to the postoffice a social se curity account will be set up for each person eligible and he or she will be furnished a able to an insurance identification that an account has been set up and bearing the number of the employes social se curity account soas to make it easy for the worker to find out at any time just how his or her ac count The old age pensions are only one phas of the social security act but tie other parts including unemployment insurance noncon tributory pensions for persons now aged and in need help for dependent children and the blind are admin istered by states rather than the federal government Begin to Pay Jan 1 Under the employment insurance section employers are scheduled to pay on Jan 31 1937 a 1 per cent federal tax on their 1936 payrolls However employers in states
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