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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 8, 1936, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLII FIVE CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS 1J5ASED WIRE SERVICE MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JUNE 8 1936 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 207 Division of High Court Roberts Has Placed Himself on Side of Conservatives By CHARLES P STEWART ASHINGTON CPA Jus tice Owen J Roberts vote with the UniteU States supreme courts majority to nullify New Yorks law pre scibing a mini mum wage for women workers is accepted as aligning him among the ultra conservatives i n the high tribunal Hitherto there has been some uncertainty con cerning Roberts constitutional philosophy No one ever supposed that he was as liberal as Justices Louis D Bran deis and Benjamin N Cardozo Still vrhen appointed to the bench in 1930 his views were supposed to be far enough to the left of center as to occasion many expressions of surprise at his selection by so con servative a white house tenant as President Hoover But his judicial record in passing on new deal legislation has been such as to convince all Washing ton that the former chief executive made no mistake in naming him With Conservatives It took the new deal to bring out the conservatism in him Until its advent no issue was raised really to test him Since then he has been almost uniformly with the judicial supporters of the old or der His agreement with Justices Wil lis Van Devanter James C Rey nolds George Sutherland and Pierce Butler that the New York minimum wage set is unconstitutional gener ally is regarded as settling any re maining doubt that he is of the ir reconcilably conservative faction That 5to4 decision is spoken of even by numerousconservatives as reactionary JTo local Laws already tad held that congress cannot f ix sitatS lines for that would be interfering with the various respective authorities Sound states rights reasoning possibly Now how ever it has held that the indidivual states cannot do any local wage fix ing either In short minimum wage fixing Is outlawed either on a federal a statewide or any other basis If Justice Roberts has classified himself Justice Harlan F Stone also has classfied himself Roberts was expected to be a mild liberal and turns out to be a con servative Stone was expected to be an extreme conservative Presidnt Coolidge appointed yet he has voted with the liberals on the su preme bench concerning new deal enactments as consistently as Rob erts has voted with the conserva tives How Court Divides Indeed Stone has said some pret ty tart things concerning the con servatives attitude The court divides Brandeis Cardozo and Stone ver sus Van Devanter McReynolds Sutherland Butler and Roberts Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes is a problem He has liberal his comparative youth was a regular reformer Nevertheless he has one of those judicial sometimes votes on legal grounds against what one would suppose to be his own natural instincts J nyway he voted against outlaw ing the New York minimum wage act Goes With Minority It does not matter even when he is on the liberal side he is with the minority Wouldnt one think that the ultra feministic Womans National party would have favored New Yorks minimum wage law for women Not so It acclaims the supreme courts decision Its reasoning is that such laws are intended to keep women out of jobs by making them too expensive It opposes minimum wages and mini mum hours and antinight work for women It demands absolute indus trial equality between the sexes Hoover Arrives at Chicago on Way to Cleveland Meeting CHICAGO Pres ident Herbert Hoover arrived here Monday cnroute from his California home to the republican convention at Cleveland and went immediately to a hotel where he was to spend the day working on the speech he give before the conclave Wed nesday night To all inquiries concerning the subject of his talk he replied Lets leave that until the speech is made shall we Mr Hoover said he would leave for Cleveland tomorrow BORAH NOT TO JOIN STOP DRIVE 42 Killed as Rumanian Grandstand Collapses MRS ROOSEVELT TELLS YOUTH OF NEW FRONTIER Makes Address to Drake Graduates Urges Goal of Service DES MOINES Frank lin D Roosevelt told the nations college youth Monday they are fac ing a new fron tier of living Delivering her first address be fore a midwest ern college audi ence Mrs Roose velt advised June graduates to change their cri terion of success from a material standard to one of service as the most successful way of meeting an d solving changing world conditions The responsi bility of the fu ture rests with you she said Mrs Roosevelt speaking directly to 190 Drake uni versity graduates and an audience that crowded an which seats 2200 persons The speech was broadcast in Iowa Smiling frequently giving point to her words with gesture and em phasis of voice thenations first lady said thijt whitethere was a dif ference in the frontier of today from the frontier of yesterday I feel that we are still pioneers See General Changes As I go through the country I see general changes and as I get letters from persons who write to me I realize that hard as things GETS MIXED UP DES MOINES D W Morehouse president of Drake university got his railroad coaches mixed up nearly missed greeting Mrs Franklin D Roosevelt when she arrived in Des Moines Dr Morehouse dressed in morning clothes arrived at the station abcut five minutes be fore the first ladys train pulled in Accompanied by Mrs More house he walked down the sta tion platform where he expected Mrs Roosevelts coach to stop a large part of the reception crowd following When the train stopped and passengers began to empty from its coaches President Morehouse was about four coaches back of Mrs Roosevelts car But he arrived on the run with Mrs Morehouse in time to ex tend Mrs Roosevelt the official welcome still be Ihey are not as hard as some years ago There is more hope abroad in Hie LOOK INSIDE FOR TRACY M STEVENS Former Businessman of Mason City Dies ON PAGE 2 Uses Phone Steals Cash in Garner Store ON PAGE 10 Thompson Farm Woman Tries to Kill Herself ON PAGE 10 Preparations for Annual Girl Scout Camp Made ON PAGE 14 APPOINT HOUSE TAX CONFEREES Congress Has Brief Session Before Adjourning for G 0 P Meet WASHINGTON house paved the way Monday for repre sentatives of itself and the senate to seek an agreement on the tax bill while congress is in recess for the republican national convention In a brief session before recessing for the rest of the week it sent the measure to conference for adjust ment of differences with the other chamber The senate previously had requested the conference Speaker Bankhead immediately appointed eight members of the ways and means committee which framed the house bill as the house conferencees Those appointed were Chairman Doughton DN Car and Repre sentatives Samuel B Hill Cullen DN Y Vinson DKy Cooper Treadway R Crowther RN Y and Woodruff The bill which the ways and means committee helped steer through the house is more nearly in line with President Roosevelts sug gestions than the senate measure It includes higher graduate levies on undistributed corporation income and does not contain the senate pro world vision for an increase in individual I know you youngpeople j income surtaxes have been told many times how dif1 ficult it is for young people these days I do not want to minimize that but Im not sure it is any more than for the early pio difficult neers She told the graduates the main point of difference between the pio neer youths of today and those of yesterday was you have different things to conquer1 Not Each for Self Ours used to be an individual world That is the main difference you are facing today It is no longer each man for himself If we are going to succeed it must be a more cooperative world than ever before You must think what is good not for myself but lor my community my country and the world Mrs Roosevelt spoke from notes but frequently launched afield to speak extemporaneously The plat form from which she spoke was be decked with flowers The audience listened attentively making no in terruptation until she finished then burst into applause Mrs Roosevelt advised the young graduate to do what job he has beter than anyone else and hell get along Decide on Civilization I know many people who have not been able to make a living I think the type of in that something Two Killed in Air Crash FORT WILLIAM Ont A forestry plane crashed in the city limits Monday killing R G Reid Toronto and Norman Cross Port Arthur the matter with it So it is more im Louis Mo portant that you young people be able to think Be honest with your selves It is up to you to decide the kind of civilization we are going to have We can no longer have an in dividual point of view because all interests are tied up together It is the same ultimately between na ions We may have to learn to sac rifice some times but those sac rifices will be worth while with a happier and more content people Has Full Day She faced a full clays schedule in cluding a tour of federal govern ment projects After the graduation exercises Mrs Roosevelts schedule called for a visit to a school for handicapped children with Mrs J W Studebaker wife of the United States commis sioner of education a tour of Des Moines WPA projects and inspec tion of the rural resettlement ad ministrations subsistence home stead project at Granger with the Rev L G Ligutti one of itsspon sors Mrs Roosevelt planned to leave Des Moines Monday night for SI Walkout of French Coal Miners Begun PARIS miners in north ern France numbering 150000 called a general strike Monday a few hours after 1000000 other workers had won a complete victory in the fold ed arms refusal to work Workers in Paris building trades also began a walkout to enforce the five point agreement which ended the 14 day strike after Premier Leon Blums new deal government in terceded for organized labor The coal miners who declared they would rather strike and starve than work and starve occupied pits and offices in the northern fields In some places mining officials were held prisoner in their buildings but leaders of the miners union quickly ordered their release Franc Gains Strength The governments declaration against devaluation brought new strength to the franc at the opening of the market The labor agreement which brought some workers back to their jobs was described as one of the great proletarian victories in the French history The striking construction workers included 1500 employes on left bank streets Excavators in many build ings along with masons and carpen ters ran up the tricolor and the red flag side by side and devoted them selves to newspaper reading and singing At Rouen too the strike move ment took on new life with a dead lock in local arbitration Approxi mately 1600 coal workers weavers dyers and paper makers were in volved Other thousands Barentin and Pavilly textile centers north of Rouen A strike at Dunkerque closed docks shipyards and canal Go Back to Work However in other districts strik ers went hack to work Notable in this return to jobs were the Quentin metal workers the Jupiter oil refin er employes and Longjuneau tan nery employes Thousands more were expected to return to work before the end of the day Labor won five demands 1 Wage increases from 7 to 15 per cent 2 Recognition of workers rights to organize in unions 3 Collective bargaining contracts 4 A 40 hour work week 5 Annual vacations with pay Under pressure from the peoples front government which inherited the strike from the outgoing Sar raut regime the employers signed the agreement but warned they made all reserves regarding eco nomic consequences Man Overcome by Gas Rescued From Mine Two Believed Killed PAXTON Ind Alex ander was rescued alive from the DuggerMartin coal mine early Monday several hours after he had been overcome by gas while at tempting to find two other men be lieved killed in an explosion The two menstill in the mine are Charles Webb and John Williams Rescuers believed both were killed in the explosion MORE THAN 150 HURT IN MISHAP AT BUCHAREST King Carol and Heir See Catastrophe at Boy Scout Review BUCHAREST Rumania While 50000 people knelt in prayer a grandstand at a Boy Scout re view collapsed Monday killing 42 persons by unofficial count An official statement said only three persons were killed with more than 100 hurt police said 30 were dead and several hundred injured the latest unofficial figure showed at least 150 hurt in addition to those killed King Carol Crown Prince Mihai and the dowager Queen Marie saw the catastrophe Kneel in Prayr The grandstand fell as 30000 spectators and 20000 Boy Scouts knelt in prayer in a religious ser vice preceding the projected review which was called off A rigid censorship was immed iately imposed to prevent panic over the tragedy from spreading through the rest of the country The stand which crashed was al most directly opposite the royal re viewing stand Royalty Aids Injured King Carol and his young heir Prince Mihai ran to the scene with President Edouard Benes of Czecho slovakia and Prince Nicholas broth er of Carol The king aiaed officers in com mandeering automobiles to take the injured to hospitals Mihai pale and apparently al most at the point of fainting sought to aid the screaming victims strug gling in the wreckage Most of the dead and injured were reported to be women White Chats With Interviewers TfeWeather FORECAST IOWA Generally fair Monday night and Tuesday except pos sibly local thunderstorms Monday afternoon or Monday night in northwest portion wanner in south central and extreme cast portions cooler northwest portion Monday night cooler Tuesday MINNESOTA Generally fair Monday night and Tuesday ex cept showers in northeast Mon day night and thunderstorms Monday night in south portion Not so cool along Lake Superior cooler in central and west por tions Monday night cooler in west and south Tuesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum Sunday 60 Minimum in Night 51 At 8 A M Monday 65 Weather figures for 24 hour per iod ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum Saturday 8 Minimum in Night 33 At 8 A M Sunday 58 Rainfall START INQUEST IN TAMA BLAST Jury Views Body of Woman Killed and Looks at Wreckage IICIUKES ON PAGE K TAMA Harvey Jones of Tama county Monday be gan an inquest into the death of Mrs Lyle Mooney who died Sunday in a Marshalltown hospital as a result of injuries sustained in the explosion here Saturday which in jured 21 and did property damage of upwards of 520000 A jury composed of F A Jones F A Soloman and Fred Goza viewed Mrs Mooneys body and in spected the wreckage caused by the explosion They then adjourned to await a call from the coroner who will subpena witnesses to testify at further hearings this week Sheriff E O Harris asked the state bureau of investigation to send an explosives expert to Tama in an effort lo ascertain the cause of the explosion Find No Explanation So far said Coroner Jones we cant seem to develop any ex planation for the blast Joe Zeman manager of the Gamble store in the basement of which the explosion apparently oc curred still is in too serious a con dition to be questioned I understand though that when he was brought out of the wreckage he was asked if he knew of any ex plosives in the basement and he re plied he did not Clifford Hill 17 clerk in the store is reported lo have said he told Zeman he smelled gas in the basement when he went downstairs shortly before the explosion No Gas in Town But since Tama does not have gas there doesnt seem to be any explanation as to how gas could have caused the blast Zeman suffered a fractured arm head and face cuts and burns on his arm and chest Physicians Sunday also removed a piece of steel from his eye Seven other persons remained in hospitals Monday Hugh McDonald was apparently in the most serious condition McDonald was trapped in the falling debris of the Gamble store J Vincent Pyle state fire mar shal who inspected the debris Sat urday returned here Monday to 11 of an Inch i continue his investigation Perched on the window sill of his hotel room in Cleveland Wil liam Allen White internationally famous editor of Emporiu Kans expounds his views on Gov Alfred M London to reporters one a woman Kansas Delegates Draft Farm Plank for G 0 P Claim They Have Suitable to Any Nominee By FRANK I WELLER CLEVELAND Repre sentative Hope RKans here to lead them Kansas delegates to the republican national convetnion pre pared Monday to lay before agricul tural leaders proposals for a farm plank suitable to the party regard less of its presidential nominee Hope is coauthor with Senator Capper RKans of a tariffequival ent subsidy plan upon which the Prairie state program was said to be based The Hope plan proposes a domes lie allotmentsoil conservation com bination Producers of crops of which there is an exportable sur plus would be paid out of the eneral government revenue sub sidies equivalent to the import duty on the things they buy Payments would be based on the proportion of the crop consumed in domestic markets Bingham Suggestion From another prominent source Senator Hiram Bingham of a suggestion for this farm plank We favor the protection and full price benefit of the American mar ket for the American farmer by the effective limitation through tariff quotasor otherwise of all compet j farm imports or substitutes therefor We favor the payment of benefits to compensate for lackof tariff protection We favor govern ment assistance in disposing of sur pluses The Kansas group first to arrive in full force initiated consideration of the farm proposals but insisted it was not preparing a Landon plank The delegates efforts were de scribed by Capper as an attempt to draft a program which the party could indorse regardless of its can didate but which Gov Alf M Lan don or any candidate chosen could accept Farm Leaders Arrive Meantime the arrival of Presi dent Edward A ONeal of the Amer ican Farm Bureau federation and Louis J Taber master of the Na tional Grange signaled the opening of conclaves in the ranks of or agriculture before which the Kansas plan was expected to be laid Delegates from Illinois expected to exercise a powerful influence on the shaping of a farm plank were scheduled to hear the Kansas plan immediately Additional proposals and perhaps entirely separate farm plan ideas were said to be shaping up in the icadquarters of Senator William E Borah R Idaho and Col Frank Knox Chicago publisher Grinnell Gives Degrees GRINNELL T Degrees were granted to 123 Grinnell college stu dents at commencement exercises here Monday 3 QUESTIONS FOR IOWA DELEGATES Wonder How Far to Go in Support of Favorite Son Candidate By W EARL HALL CLEVELAND Iowas delegates to the republican national conven tion here were confronted by three questions as they prepared for their first official caucus Monday night 1 How far shall they go in sup port of Iowas favorite son candi date in the face of the mountin likelihood that Governor Landon of Kansas will be nominated on an early ballot 2 What shall be the Iowa slant on an agricultural plank for the republi can platform to be adopted by the convention 3 Who shall be Iowas represen tative on the committee which will draft the platform Would Vote Landon There are some on the Iowa dele gation probably a minority at this writing who believe the Hawkeyes should turn to the Kansan on the first ballot and obtain for Iowa whatever benefits that would come from this course Several lowans have come lo the convention armed with farm planks Among them are George Wilson re publican gubernatorial nominee who wants lower interest rates for the farmer Don Berry of Indianola who has an ambitious farm pro gram to present R W Colflesh of Des Moines who would solve the acreage curtailment problem by re tiring from use immense tracts of government land Lloyd Thurston of Oscela fifth district representative in congress desires a hearing before the plat form committee to urge a plank linking the republican party with the Americanism aims of the sev eral veterans organizations Turner Would Drop Dan Turner of Corning former governor came to the convention on it owned submarginal insistent on representing Iowa the resolutions committee but was understood Monday morning that he would not persist if his se lection threatened a split in the delegation E P Chase of Atlantic Clyde McFarlin of Montezuma and Don Berry of Indianola were being considered A free discussion of the agricul tural policy and other debatable planks of the republican platform is in prospect for the initial Iowa caucus Monday night This is the one best way of be ing sure that our spokesmen on the various committees reflect the Iowa SAYS CANDIDATE NOT AS VITAL AS PLATFORM ISSUE iCnox Supporters Admit Landon Has Edge for Nomination By EDWARD 1 DUFFY CLEVELAND of the already booming Landon cam paign working at top speed among arrivals for the republican convcn on claimed new encouragement Monday from two directions of the opposition Senator Borah of Idaho newly arrived from Washington shunted aside the leadership of a stop Lan don drive which was his for the asking But he still insisted nothing jad been settled finally about the ticket or the platform For the first time a concession ame from the belligerent head quarters of Col Frank Knox of Il linois He was spoken of there as a definite second choice with a chance yet to win out if Gov Alf M Landon of Kansas fails to go over on the first three ballots Opposes Any Combination I dont want to go into any com bination to attempt to control the convention Borah told the Idaho delegation at his Cleveland hotel headquarters He had talked the possibilities over with his loyal Idaho delega tion They are willing for me to be come the spearhead of a drive he said with a trace of plaintiveness but they say nothing about what will happen to me after the opposition has been destroyed Crowds in the hotels were in creasing hourly as almost the last of the thousands of delegates and visitors poured into the city Hamilton Is Calm They found John D M Hamilton the red haired bundle of energy managing for Landon calmly re porting his campaign rolling nice ly with additions but no losses in delegate strength Other Landon leaders were saying Its all over but there were no concessions of defeat from the camps of Colonel Knox Senator Vandenberg of Michigan or others Borah threw out a feeler for an invitation from the convention to address it but got no immediate en couragement Asked about it Hamilton said hn had nothing lo do with convention arrangements 1iirly Welfare First A procession the arrivals passed through the Landon recep tion room at the Hollendcn hotel for hours None of the other candi dates had such elaborate quarters or promotion paraphernalia The welfare of the party is fore most Borah declared It must be dynamited from its present leth argy It must again be made to serve the cause of its party My first interest is in platform I have seen several of them If the convention adopts a timid expression on such vital questions as face us today the cause is lost The republican party must sound a clarion call to the people through a dynamic platform We want a platform that means the republican party will take up the fight of the people Foreign 1olicy Plank The time has come for a clarion call to the party to write a plain and specific platform that is under standable to the average man and woman One example is the need for an American plank regarding our for eign policy to replace the cowardly straddling position taken on foreign affairs by the present administra tion As far as my candidacy is con cerned it has from the beginning been secondary to an enunciation of a platform that will be of real bene fit to this country If the fight we have made will turn the republican party to the great principles wr stand for the fight will not have been made in vain Stands for Principles If this convention docs take a position that will make possible tho fulfillment of the great principle for which we stand I shall leavo Cleveland satisfied If it docs not I am not to leave Cleveland satisfied I shall not bow my head in defeat At headquarters of Colonel Knos William J Donovan of New York a leader told newsmen Landon wns heading the pack We might as well face the fact Donovan said Personally I believe the backing is weaker than the Landon camp maintains and Im confident the governor will not Iw consensus one delegate explained on the first ballot And if
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