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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 4, 1936, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLII FIVE CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS iiEASED WIRE 8BRVICB MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JUNE 4 1936 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 204 About New Gibraltar Britains Venture at Capetown to Be Costly By CHARLES P STEWAJRT ASHINGTON CPA Re cent news that the English deem it neces sary to create a new Gibraltar at Capetown came a s considerable of a shock to navy army and state department folk and to mem bers of the Washington dip loma t i c corps generally The geography of the situation is indeed obvi ous enough John Bull evidently is fearful that the Italians intrenched on both sides of the Mediterranean and along the west coast of the Red sea may be able to block his line of communications from London through the Suez canal and thence onward to India and the still far ther Orient Therefore he proposes to establish a tremendously powerful base at the tip of South Africa whence his war craft and transports can cut across the open Indian ocean to and from oriental and Australasian destina tions Here Is the Idea The idea is all right Manifestly it will be a practical impossibility for Italy or any other power seriously to interfere with Britains maritime pathway between Capetown and Cathay The voyage from England to say the overseas ports of Bombay or Melbourne or Hongkong is to be sure an impossibly long one m an emergency around the Cape of Good Hope But the British plan is to make Capetown ON the cape the British base eliminating knots of steaming Briefly a cruise from Capetown to the Orient is shorter than a cruise from London to the Orient via the Mediterranean the Suez canal and the Red and Arabian seas Sound Naval Strategy The rerouting arrangement is sound naval strategy But heavens Its expensive It irvolves the dredging out of an adequate harbor the construction of fortifications and the maintenance of a naval establishment of propor tions at least equal to John Bulls home figures running into the billions And who would have thought that the English would believe them selves unequal to keeping the Medi terranan the Suez canal and the Red sea open to their own shipping so comparatively trifling a naval strength as Italys Stumps Naval Men This is what stumps American naval men H Duce they reason must be a vast deal more formidable than they thought he was And yet they hard ly can believe it They know ap proximately the strength of the Italian navy are certain that it would not stand a chance against Britains Their theory throughout tbe Ethiopian campaign has been that Italian sea power could not stand up in one good fight with the British They have wondered why London has not put a stop to the fascists Ethiopian activities by clos ing the Suez canal against them Has He Won Yet To be sure Italy probably could not have been stopped in Ethiopia without precipitating a general Eu ropean war That of course is what Mussolini has gambled on Up to date he has won However I have played poker all evening winning then been cleaned out at the final hand at stud CAPITAL MOURNS BYRNS DEATH House Elects Bankhead as New Speaker Death Mourned TEMPERATURES TO START RISE Weatherman Promises Relief From Iowas Summer Cold Wave DES MOINES weather man promised relief Thursday from Iowas summer cold wave which sent temperatures down to 8 and 10 degrees below normal throughout the state At 7 a m Thursday Des Moines reported the chilliest Iowa weather degrees or 8 below what the weather bureau considers the tem perature should be On June 4 Council Bluffs registered 4 degrees below normal and Charles City was at the normal mark First area to get relief from the cold will be tbe central and north east sections which the weatherman said should warm up Thursday night The extreme east portion was scheduled for higher ther mometer readings tomorrow FIRST SOCIALIST FRENCH PREMIER TAKES UP TASKS Blum Assumes Power in Nation Chaotic With Labor Strikes CopyriEht 1936 by The PARIS The third republic called its first socialist the cultured well dressed Leon take power Thursday over a France chaotic with indus trial strikes President Albert Lebrun encharged the socialist leader with the task of forming the one hundred first cabiTet during the 65 years of the republics history As Blum went to the Elysee pal ace with his tentative list of min isters already made up France was in the midst of strikes which un officially were estimated to em brace approximately work ers Manufacturers declare the strikes threaten to paralyze the nations industry Sarraut Cabinet Resigns Blum was called to power within two hours after Premier Albert Sarraut and his coalition cabinet had resigned Blum officially becomes premier Friday when he presides over his first cabinet meeting He and his ministers will appear before the chamber of deputies Sat urday for a vote of confidence Leaders of Frances metal indus tries notified the government Thurs day they refuse all further negotia tionos with strikers holding more than 200 factories until the plants are evacuated The action of the metal industry employers was in direct contrast to that of employers at the Central markets in Paris who yielded to the demands of strikers for pay in creases Threats of a food shortage in the capita apparently were averted but the metal industries development brought up a new serious phase to the internal situation Strikes The metal industries employers declared to Albert Sarraut retiring premier that the strikes are revo lutionary and threaten to paralyze all French industry within a short time They reported new violations of personal presumably by strikers holding company officials as prisoners Even as the Central market work ers gained their demands house wives in various sections of Paris were reported laying in heavier sup plies of food for fear the source would be cut off Striking ice and refrigerator plant workers whose walkout had im periled Paris meat and milk stores settled their dispute with operators further allaying fears of a metropol itan famine Keep on Spreading However the strikes spread to other branches of industry affect ing newspapers and there were es timates that workers still were in a status of folded Afternoon newspapers were kept off the streets by pickets Only about ten morning papers or less than half the total number ap peared on news stands Laborers building air raid shel ters at police headquarters quit and tried to stay in the shelters but police routed them summarily A statement by the Bank of France showed heavy withdrawals of gold for the tenth consecutive week Gold Is Withdrawn During the week ending May 29 gold valued at francs was withdrawn from the banks vaults leaving the re serve at francs The withdrawals lowered the percentage of gold coverage on bank notes to per cent from per cent in the previous week The banks increasingly heavy support of the national treasury was shown in the fact that dis counts rose to a value of 000 francs as com pared to the May 24 1935 discount report of francs A private bank at Carvin a north jrn coast mining center ceased pay ments today with liabilities esti mated at several million francs Report Steady Flow French banking circles reported a steady flow of gold to Britain with additional quantities of the Cars Burning After Fredericksburg Derailment Eight railroad cars including two gasoline cars and one oil car by fire after a derailment in Fredericksburg Flames are shown here from one of the gasoline cars Photo by Lutz were destroyed Wednesday evening mounting high as gasoline poured 8 Cars Burn in Accident on Railroad FREDERICKSBURG Regular service was resumed Thursday on the Chicago Great Western railroad following derailment of 18 cars eight of which were destroyed by fire Wednesday evening Two hun dred rods of track were torn up Four hoboes were reported to have been on the train but all were ac counted for Railroad officials stated the cause of the derailment had not been determined It was believed that flames started as soon as the cars turned over Upsetting of the cars loosened the plates on the gas oline cars and this was thought to have been an important factor in preventing an explosion Rails Grte Away The through freight was headed north About four cars back from the engine the cars began leaving the rails plowing up the ties for quite a distance just around a curve Flames spread quickly Cars not derailed were disconnected from the train It looked as though the rails gave the local agent said Public Kept Back As flames shot nearly 100 feet in the air several hundreds of persons came to see the blaze The public was kept back because of the dan ger from the gasoline Included in the cars destroyed by flames were two cars of oranges one car of barrels two gasoline tank cars one oil tank car and a carload of merchandise The Fredericksburg fire depart ment was joined by the New Hamp ton fire department in fighting the flames Firemen had the blaze under control after working four hours Wrecking Crew at Work Damage of several thousands of dollars resulted although an accu rate estimate could not be obtained Soroe said damage was and others that it would be considerably more The blaze could be seen for a dis tance of 10 miles or more Following the accident on this main line trains were rerouted Tbe northbound pas senger was ordered over the line Thursday morning and waited here until the line was opened up A wreckerand large crew of men worked on the line Haile Selassie Guests Get Italian Vermouth LONDON Haile Selassie ousted by Italy from the throne of Ethiopia apparently approves some Italian things He served visitors at the Ethiopian legation Thursday with Italian vermouth Inventor of Marcel Wave Laid to Rest BERNEY France LW Marcel Grateau 84 inventor of the marcel wave wag buried here Thursday He died at his chateau Sunday precious metal earmarked by the Bank of France for British banks Financial experts declared the strikes the change of French gov ernment and the devaluationist movement in the Netherlands were reacting against all gold currencies Further spread of the strike movement into the war industries sent workers into folded arms idleness at a Denain ordi nance plant SLAYS DANCER AND THEN SELF MurderSuicide Committed by ExMember of Sally Rand Troupe PHOENIX La Zarr said to be a former dancer member of Sally Rands troupe shot and killed Donna Park of Los Angeles beautiful blond dancer here early Thursday and then killed himself with the same grin Nat McKee justice of the peace said it was a murdersuicide and an inquest There was no hint of why La Zarr known as a close friend of the girl had taken his sudden des perate action Both fell from steamer chairs in which they had been seated and conversing The girl had resided at a room ing house here three weeks coming from the Los Angeles home of her mother Mrs Elizabeth L Park La Zarr shown by letters in his possession to have been a long standing acquaintance of the girl arrived in Phoenix Thursday night He obtained a room next to hers Apparently he waited for the girls return Persons at the rooming house said there was no evidence of quarreling as the two talked JAMES DAY FATE GOES TO JURORS Convict Tried for Slaying Richard Loeb in Prison Bathroom JOLIET A The fate of Convict James Day 21 year old Statevilie prison inmate on trial for the razor slaying of Richard Loeb in a prison bathroom January 28 was given to a jury in the court of Cir cuit Judge Edwin L Wilson at p m CST Thursday The jury retired after Judge Wil son had spent more than 25 minutes reading instructions The court instructed the jury they could return any one of five possi ble verdicts not guilty guilty with the penalty of death guilty with punishment at life imprisonment guilty with punishment at any num ber of years imprisonment but not less than fourteen and guilty of manslaughter punishable by not more than 14 years Although defense counsel had planned to fight inclusion of the manslaughter verdict they finally decided to withhold their objection Senior Kills U Professor and Himself BETHLEHEM I Clow Lehigh university senior of Pine Castle slew an instruc tor Charles Wesley Phy then shot himself to death Thursday in an ar gument over a reexamination The young instructor employed in the English department was shot twice in the chest Clow shot him self in the head Harry T Snavely a student of Lancaster said he witnessed the argument and shooting in a recitation room It was said at the university that Cow had an average examination rating less than one percentage point short of a passing grade After shooting Phy Clow ran into the hall and turned the gun on him self The instructor lived but a few minutes Clow failed to respond to emergency treatment at a hospital CONGRESS HOPE OF FINISHING ON MONDAY IS GONE Three Day Recesses to Be Taken for Party Conventions WASHINGTON tive William B Bankhead of Ala bama Thursday was elected speak er of the house to succeed the late Joseph Welling ton B y r n s of Tennessee Con gressional leaders abandon ed all hope of ad journing c o n gress before the rep ublican na tional conven tion in view of the death of Speaker Byrns The senate which had ex pected to pass the tax bill Speaker Byms Last Official Act to Name Funeral Committee WASHINGTON CSP Speaker Byrns last official act in presiding over the house was to name a fu neral committee for another mem ber who had Piatt Andrew of and adjourned the house out of re spect to him The usual resolution of regret was presented by Representative Tread way After its reading by the clerk the speaker put the ques tion and named the committee after it was agreed to His final bang of the gavel fol lowed LOOK INSIDE FOR ELLIS H PARKER Ellis Parker Arrested on Kidnaping Charges ON PAGE 2 G 0 P Primary Vote In Iowa Shows Decline ON PAGE 5 Law Violations Probe Sought at Sioux City ON PAGE 2 National Open Gets Off to Flying Start in East ON PAGF 14 Michigan Wins in Big Ten Race Iowa Loses Chance ON PAGE 14 Iowa Elks Will Hold Convention in Decorah ON PAGE 20 Deputy Federal Marshal DES MOINES T Pitt of Boone was appointed a deputy federal marshal for the southern Iowa district replacingGeorge L Dawaon in an effort to wind up the sessions Monday night recessed immediately when it met at 9 a CST out of respect to the speaker who died suddenly during the night Will Push Bill Leaders said they would still try to pass the bill Friday or Saturday in order to get the controversial measure into conference but that there was virtually no prospect for final action on it before the republi can convention beginning Tuesday They said that with the tax bill in conference three day recesses would be taken during the conven tion and that an effort would be made to complete action on the con ference report and adjourn congress finally during the week between the republican and democratic conven tions Senator Robinson of Arkansas the democratic leader discounted forecasts that if congress returned after the republican convention the session would last indefinitely to consider other legislation pressing I for action I Let Others Go He said that as soon as the tax and relief bills were on the statute books congress would adjourn re gardless of the status of other legis lation The democratic floor leader was elevated to the chair shortly after sorrowing house members were called to order by the clerk South Trimble Trimble announced a motion to name a speaker or speaker pro tem pore was in order Chairman OConnor N of the rules committee submitted the following resolution By Voice Vote Resolved that the Honorable Wil liam B Bankhead a representative from the state of Alabama be and is hereby elected speaker of the house of representatives Resolved that the president and the senate be notified of the election of Represen tative Bankhead as The resolution was adopted by a voice vote The entire procedure consumed less than five minutes Members of the house stood sil ently with bowed heads as Trimble told the house it was his sad and painful duty to announce the sud den and unexpected death of the beloved Speaker Joseph W Walks Down Aisle After his election Bankhead walked down the aisle There was a scattering of applause quickly hushed by no from the chamber The oath of office was admin istered by Sabath dean of the house Members throughout the chamber were visibly affected as the chap lain James Shera Montgomery read Tennysons Crossing the Chairman McReynolds of the foreign affairs committee a close friend of the speaker offered the official resolution on his death Appoints Committee The new speaker appointed Repre sentatives OConnor N Taynor McReynolds and Snell as the committee on arrangements The house than adjourned at a just 17 minutes after conven ing With the resumption of debate on La Follette planned to take the floor to urge stiff graduated taxes on un divided profits of corporations But Acting Chairman King Utah of the senate finance committee pre dicted that the present senate bill JOSEPH W BYRNS ROOSEVELT WILL ATTEND FUNERAL To Accompany Byrns Train for Burial Services in Tennessee WASHINGTON President Roosevelt the white house an nounced Thursday will attend the state funeral for Speaker Byrns at the capitol Friday and will accom pany the funeral train and attend the burial services in Tennessee Stephen T Early a presidential secretary said the presidents trip to Texas scheduled to start Mon day night would be made but the departure probably will be moved forward to allow attendance at the Byrns funeral The president issued a statement soos after being informed by Mrs Roosevelt of the speakers sudden death saying he personally mourned the passing of a steadfast friend of many1 FORECAST IOWA Partly cloudy to cloudy probable showers In extreme west portion Thursday night and Fri day partly warmer in central and northeast portions Thursday night and in extreme east Friday MINNESOTA Generally fair Thursday night and Friday ex cept possibly showers late Thurs day night or by Friday In extreme south little change In tempera ture IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Thursday morning Maximum Wednesday 66 Minimum In Night 46 At 8 A M Thursday 59 carrying a 7 per cent levy of such profits plus a to 18 per cent levy on net corporate income and other provisions would win senate approval Senator Lewis was try ing to put the whole question of tax es over until next year but King said such moves would fail House May Argue In the house where a bill nearer the presidents original suggestions was passed there was considerable sentiment to do a lot of arguing be fore compromising with the senate Other Washington developments John L Lewis leader of indus trial unionists in the A F of served a virtual ultimatum on chiefs of the Amalgamated Association of Iron Steel and Tin Workers to de cide definitely they will accept his plan to organize steel into an indus trial union instead of craft unions The Lewis group has offered 000 for the unionization drive if its plan is adhered to To Cut Benefits A plan to cut in half big benefit payments under the new deal farm program gained momentum when senators on the agriculture commit tee indicated it would be formally approved President Roosevelt rec ommended a cut Two bills authorizing the expendi ture of more than a half billion dol lars for flood control projects await ed President Roosevelts signature They finished their journey through congress Wednesday The superintendent of Gallinger municipal hospital said Representa tive Marion Zioncheck of Seattle who is undergoing mental tests may be released by the end of the week He said Zioncbeck is reacting satis factorily to rest and sleep STATE FUNERAL SET FRIDAY FOR HOUSE SPEAKER Expressions of Shock and Grief Heard From All Sides WASHINGTON UP A state funeral in the house chamber Fri day for Speaker Joseph Wellington Byrns cut down at the height of his career by a sudden heart attack and cerebral hemorrhage was planned Thursday by grief stricken congressional leaders All thought of pushing the ad journment drive which Byrns bad led so tirelessly in recent weeks was put aside President Roosevelt whose first word of the speakers death at a m E S was received in a note later Thursday morning from Mrs Roosevelt planned to attend the funeral here and to accompany the funeral train and attend burial services in Tennessee New Speaker Named The chamber which the 66 year old speaker had guided through his tory making times met briefly and elected William B Bankhead of Alabama to take his place A law yer with 20 years experience in the house Bankhead himself recovered only a few months ago from an ill ness possibly aggravated by the strain of his position as majority leader The senate called a halt in its debate of the tax program one of the vital measures Byrns had sought to steer to the statute books before the opening of the national party convenions Leaders said it would adjourn out of respect to him until the hour the funeral Fri day when it would assemble to go to the huge chamber Expressions of Grief Everywhere in tbe capital were heard expressions of shock and grief at the speakers passing The president mourned his death as that of a steadfast friend of many years Speaker Byrns belonged to that school of statesmen which is the hope and justification of our democ he said in a statement The president ordered all flags on government buildings at half staff including that over the white house He also canceled Thursdays cab inet meeting and all other engage ments for the day The hour for the state funeral was not set immediately but it was expected to be in the morning Among First to Call Among the first to visit the hushed hotel where the speaker died to extend their sympathies to Mrs Byrns were Secretary Roper Senators McKellar and Bachman of Tennessee and Robert P Smith potentate of the shrine Others who called included Sec retary Hull Mrs Nellie Taylore Ross director of the mint and for mer Representative and Mrs Finis Garrett of Tennessee Among scores of telegrams of condolence was one from Shingqro Takaishi of Osaka editor in chief of the Osakamainichi whom the speaker met in Japan last year while on a trip to the Philippine islands A totally unexpected heart at tack followd by a cerebral hem orrhage brought death at a m to the Tennessee farm boy who rose to wield the speakers gavel during a period in which much history was made He would have been 67 years old next July 20 Had Worked Bard The passing of this tall and rangy pillar of his party in the turbulent hours of hard fighting between the new deal and its foesplunged the legislative situation into further un certainty Almost until the hour he was stricken Byrns had labored at a tremendous pace to pass the pro gram through congress swiftly so the session could end on Saturday if possible Friends believed the hard work he insisted on doing may have hastened the fatal attack Many observers believed that with the speaker gone the session now may last well into next week or perhaps longer Show Their Sorrow Soon after Byrns died in his room at the Mayflower hotel with sor rowing relatives at Ma side thei word flashed around the capital Leaders decided not to notify Presi dent Roosevelt until later in the day but others won were informed Political foes no leas than close as sociates were mamiftBtly sorrowed Apparently In good health m midafternoon Wednesday when the houae adjourned early out of respect for Representative A Piatt Andrew who died at his home ir
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