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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 2, 1935, Mason City, Iowa Li 1P NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOLXLI FIVE CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY APRIL 2 1935 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 147 Science and Next Naval Warfare May See Use of Gals and Smoke EDITORS NOTE This is the second in a series of three articles on changes science has made for the next war By HOWARD W BLAKESLEE Associated Press Science Editor NEW YORK April 2 case of war the seafighters face a new kind of attack the blinding of ships crews by combined use of tear gas and smoke The tactics are described by Ma jor Paul Murphy formerly director of experiments in the chemical de fence experimental station Ports mouth England He points out that in principle even this use of modern police tac tics is not new For years ago in the English channel a British fleet took part in a fight in which quick lime was drifted by the wind over the enemy with the object of dis turbing their vision Considered Earlier That was probably the beginning of modern gas warfare which on land did not start until the World war although it had been consider ed in Napoleonic and other earlier campaigns The tear gas attack proposed for seafighting is a quadrupleaction combination Major Murphy pro poses that lacrimatory smoke cur tains be dropped from planes not upon ships but across ships courses A series of them would be dropped In the cloud so created he writes in the Army Navy and Air Force Gazette the personnel ex posed would be blinded in one or all of three ways By the smoke by lacrimation or by the enforced don ning of their respirators While this was going on the fourth factor of attack would enter war planes diving to attack from above Timed With Attack To maintain such a lacrimatory smoke barrage for more than a short period he states be too expensive in machines and ina terial Bnt evenva sfiortr Wmrrersiori timed for the critical moment when airplanes launched on their steep dive from high altitudes are about to strike their blow might lead to a drastic reduction in the efficiency of antiaircraft gunnery attackmight even be made while the assaulted ship was still immersed in smoke for looking up through smoke while immersed in it gives less visibility than looking down through such a smoke screen from a height I have suggested a lacrimatory smoke curtain but other methods could be employed which would not necessitate the descent of the smokescreening airplanes from a high altitude It would be a strange comple tion of the circle if the first naval attempt with quicklime to disturb the enemys vision should culmi nate at last in the use of this meth od of blinding1 with the latest wea pon of war Use of Mustard Gas Major Murphy doubts that naval craft can be successfully attacked at sea by poison gas alone But he holds that mustard gas which con taminates everything it touches poses a problem in decontaminat ing the ship He thinks ships will nave to be designed with the pur pose of making it easy to clean off the mustard gas One form of gas attack on war ships is regarded as serious It is creation of a rain or mist of mustard gas from the air After a successful attack of mus tard mist every exposed object on the warship would be a potential menace to the crew until thorough ly cleaned BLOCKANYMORE DIAGONALROADS Farm Bureau Extension Service Debated by State Senate TfeWeather FORECAST IOWA Generally fair in the northeast and cloudy in the south and west portions Tues day night and Wednesday pos sibly snow in the extreme west section slightly colder Tuesday night in the central and east portions MINNESOTA Generally fair Tuesday night and Wednesday colder Tuesday night in ex treme southeast IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Tuesday morning Maximum Monday 35 Minimum in Night 24 At 8 A M Tuesday 29 Snowfall 2 Inches Precipitations 22 of an Inch Aprils precipitation was started on its opening day with almost a quarter of an inch of moisture in the form of snow More dust insur ance COURT DECIDES AGAINST CLARK Iowa House Debates Mulct Saloon Law ADOPTSBILL TO BULLETIN DES MOINES April 2 The Iowa senate today defeated the county agricultural exten sion bill 20 to 27 The bill would Imve allowed the substitution of the county agricultural ex tension service aid for present Fnrm Bureau aid DES MOINES April 2 call for the presence of all repre sentatives was invoked in the Iowa house this afternoon as it began consideration of a bill which would substitute the old mulct saloon law for the present beer and liquor laws Coincident with opening of the liquor bill debate a resolution was prepared for introduction before the lower branch to demand that the state liquor control commission halt its plans for opening any more liquor stores until completion of the present legislative liquor control investigation and until the present session of the legislature has de cided what changes if any it will make in the state liquor laws More Than 25 Names The resolution was understood to contain names of more than 25 house members A bill to prohibit construction of a new diagonal highway system ladiating from Des Moines to the four corners of the state was adop ter today by the house by a vote of 101 to 3 As approved the measure will permit the completion of the 55 mile highway 88 now under con struction from Des Moines to Mar shalltown The measure was sponsored by Representatives Don V McLean R of Marshall Edward E Wie ben D of Tama and J E Cundy D of Black Hawk Five Year Program It would prohibit tho state high way commission from carrying out what McLean described as a five year program to extend on a system primarily for the bene fit of Des Moines which was never contemplated in the original pri mary program Two efforts to amend the mea sure were both defeated A pro posal by Charles G Johnson D of Buena Vista to abandon Highway 88 lost 33 to 68 after many mem bers complained this would be a needless waste of money already in the project Representative Paul Cunningham R of Polk proposed to modify the measure to allow not more than 10 per cent of annual primary road income for a new diagonal highway system was voted down 95 to 7 It was branded a Des Moines at tempt to defeat the intentions of the bill by McLean One Town State McLean described the proposed diagonal System as a plan of Des Moines to make Iowa a one town state The state senate debated at length the bill for optional replace ment of county Farm Bureau aid by agricultural service assistance As it reached the floor after re Turn to FaKe 3 Column 2 MARTENS FATE WEIGHED BY JURY Keswick Farmer Accused of Slaying Wife Pleads Self Defense NEWTON April 2 jury weighing the fate of Adolph Mar tens Keswick farmer charged with murdering his wife resumed its de liberations today after failing to reach a decision last night The case was given to the jury at p m after defense and state attorneys each had spoken several hours in final arguments Martens recently acquitted of murdering his stepdaughter at the same time his wife was slain was charged with shooting his wife fa tally last August He pleaded self defense and accidental shooting contending the shotgun with which his wife threatened him was dis charged accidentally when he tried to wrest it from her Proposal to Strengthen League Seen By A D STEFFERUD WARSAW April 2 Anthony Eden British lord privy seal began his conversations today with Polish statesmen who it was hinted by the semiofficial Gazetta Polska may propose changes in the league of nations It was assumed that the conver sations would amplify views lead ing to a new proposal for allaying mutual distrust among European nationsand that the scheme might take the form of a renamed eastern European security pact that would satisfy Polands preferences for limited agreement meet Germanys opposition to the mutual assistance clause and soothe the Russian fear regarding Polish German inten tions Signs Visitors Book Captain Eden whom Polish news papers extol as a leading states man left his hotel at a m for the presidential palace to sign the visitors book as a preliminary to calling at the British embassy conferring at the foreign office holding a luncheon conference with President Moscicki beginning at p m and talking over the tea table with Marshal Pilsudski whom the newspapers call the deciding factor The British embassy was report ed reliably to have outlined his find ings in Berlin and Moscow and to have reported that the Soviet feared Germany and Poland had aggressive intentions against Rus sia A foreigtf off ice spokesman saiB the reply to thisfear would be that Polands willingness to sign a non aggression declaration with both her big neighbors amply proved her pacific policy Indications in competent quar ters point to a Polish belief that Joseph Beck foreign minister and Marshal Pilsudski feel called upon to make some specific proposals to Captain Eden although the conver sations are called Purely evplora tory Comment in a progovernment journal said Poland was taking a leading part in peace negotiations but was willing to consider sugges tions for a peace system better than the present one An opposition pa per expressed hope Eden would learn not only what the Polish govern ment desires but also the wishes of the people Held Officially Inspired The comment in the Gazetta Pol ska is regarded as officially in spired The visit of the British diplomat the organ said editorially comes at a time when the European system based on the Geneva organization begins to shiver One must either modify and fortify the league or create a new system Gazetta Polska said The latter proposal is very difficult be cause such a new plan would have to be general and elastic to prove effective Temperatures Below Freezing to Prevail in All Parts of Iowa DES MOINES April 2 low freezing temperature will pre vail in all of Iowa during the next 24 hours with possible snow in the extreme west portion The temperature in the north sec tion will be 20 degrees above zero southeast 28 and southwest 25 It will be generally fair in the north east and cloudy in the south and west tonight and tomorrow A trace of precipitation which was mostly snow fell in the north ern part of the state yesterday Forest City reported 25 inches of snow Charles City 16 and Esther ville 08 Estherville was the coldest point reported yesterday with a temper ature of 20 Lamoni near the Mis souri state line was warmest with 51 President Roosevelt Fishes Again Where He Spent Last July 4 MIAMI Fla April 2 ident Roosevelt fished again today in the Atlantic where he spent last July 4 at Long Island in the Balia man group He was enroute to Puerto Rico and the Hawaiian Is lands when he stopped at this point last summer for a day of fishing Mimics Human Dies NO AGREEMENT REACHED YET ON RELIEF RIDER Senate Conferees Decide Not to Resign Code Charges Heard Floyd Davis 22 making his first attempt to emulate Clem Sohn aeronaut who is known as the human bat parachute jumper fell 6000 feet to his death near Flint Mich Davis chute fouled in the wings shown attached to his back Associated Press photo QUESTIONNAIRE Members of Liquor Inquiry Group Decline to Tell of Findings BULLETIN DES MOINES April 2 Verne Marshall editor of the Cedar Rapids Gazette today told the legislative committee investigating the Iowa liquor commission that complete fail ure of local and state law en forcement authorities had re sulted in a condition at Sioux City that never has been as sordid as since repeal came to Iowa DES MOINES April 2 bers of the legislative committee investigating the Iowa Liquor Con trol commission today dug deeper into a mass of affidavits from liquor distributing firms in answer to a committee questionnaire The replies were requested by the committee in an effort to obtain in formation regarding relations be tween the commission and the agents and salesmen of the liquor companies Members declined to in dicate what the repliesshowed and Committee Counsel Floyd E Page said any reported irregularities would be introduced into the of ficial record Cooper Questioned Yesterday the committee spent a brief session with Chairman Harold M Cooper with questioning on a variety of subjects Cooper told the committee Lester Drennen former Polk county demo cratic chairman had never dis cussed liquor sales with him Drennen was named Saturday by Al B Ogden former representative of a liqrfor importing firm as threatening to prevent Ogden from seeing the commission and asserting we have to have money Jobs for Applicants Cooper said his conversation with Drennen had been confined to efforts of the then county chairman to obtain liquor commission jobs for applicants He said the liquor sales question had never been dis cussed between them Cooper was on the stand during the entire brief session of the com mittee as Committee Counsel Floyd E Page questioned the chairman on a number of subjects A commission bulletin to store managers concerning the mechanics of making sales amounting to more than five gallons was introduced in to evidence and the attorney asked Cooper if the notice was an at tempt to evade the spirit or letter of the federal law prohibiting retail sales of more than five gallons Had Federal Approval Cooper denied such intent and told Page the subject matter of Turn to PHRC 3 Column 1 LAW TROUBLE Union Labor Leaders Take Strike Votes in 3 Large Rubber Companies AKRON Ohio April 2 major rubber companies cleared their decks for a stormy spell of labor trouble today but union labor leaders continued to take their strike votes and remained silent Sheriff James T Flower had 1000 special deputies at his call as union workers at the Goodyear Tire and Rubber company cast their bal lots for or against a strike The Goodrich and Firestone locals of the United Rubber Workers union have set strike elections for Sunday About 250 special guards equip ped with helmets tear gas and night sticks guarded the Firestone plant last night a Firestone spokes man said Special deputies also pa trolled the Goodyear and Goodrich plants Adjt Emil S Marx of the Ohio national guard said he had received no request for national guard troops in event of a strike here but he said he had sent an observer into the city WASHINGTON April 2 Congressional conferees on the 880000000 relief bill failed to reach an agreement today at their first meeting since recommittal of the administration opposed direct labor amendment Another meeting was called for ater in the day Senator Glass D Va head os he senate managers announced the ive senatorial conferees had decided not to resign as a result of criti isms leveled at them yesterday by Democratic Leader Robinson The meeting with the house group asted about two hours but Glass aid We have reached no agree ment Social Security Bill Two major administration meas workrelief bill and the social security more appeared headed for definite con cessional action On the house side the ways anc means committee agreed to report for floor consideration the adminis trations social security bill Forma action awaited only the introduction of a revised draft by Chairman DoUghton The house Wssoccupied with ml nor legislation while the senate de bated the Copeland food and drug bill Clear Senate Galleries Public galleries in the senate wen cleared for the first time inman years today after the senate hac been unable to find its sergeantat arms to maintain order Senator Pittman D pres ident pro tempore of the senate or dered the public galleries cleared when Senator Robinson democratic leader complained debate could nol be heard Actually the complaint at that time was that senators themselves were making too much noise and Sergeant at Arms C W Jurney was sent for to make senators keep quiet Hits Code Authority Other capital developments A self termed small business man complained to the senate finance committee that big business had at tempted to coerce and intimidate him through an NRA code author ity George S Tracy president of the PerkinsTracy Printing company of St Paul was the witness the first Turn to Pare 3 Column 3 Wed 31 Years Sees Wife Only 3 Times NEWARK N J April 2 Robert SPowell applying for a di vorce told the court he had seen his wife Isobel only three times since they eloped after a flirtation How long have you been mar ried asked the court Thirtyone years Powell plied Dr Poucher Dies of Spinal Menmgitii OMAHA April 2 John F Poucher general manager of the Nebraska Humane society diec from acute spinal meningitis early today at an Omaha hospital He be came suddenly ill last Friday Mr Poucher who was 62 was named executive secretary of the Nebraska Humane society in 1924 and later became general manager Loses Decision E W CLARK SHOPPING GUIDE VERDICT UPHELD Charles City Press Awarded Supreme Court Decision on Injunction DES MOINES April 2 Iowa supreme court today ruled that shopping guides and advertis ing papers of free circulation are newspapers in an opinion affirming and modifying a Floyd county dis trict court decree The ruling was made in the L H Henry and Sons publishers of the Charles City Press vs the Intelli gence Printing company of Charle City The Henrys were grantedan in junction in district court agains D B and M 3 Rhinesmith con stituting the Intelligencer Frintan company and GrantM Cooyer as result of a suit alleging breach contract between the Henrys anc the Rhinesmiths Agreed Not to Publish The Henrys set forth that th Rhinesmiths had soldthem a news paper and had agreed as a part o the consideration not to publish paper in Charles City for 15 year from the original date of the con tract The Rhinesmiths and Coove later joined in the publication o the ShoppingGuide the suit se forth In the decision written by Justice Powers and concurred in by all members of the court the justice declared that the original contract was not a restraint of trade and was proper Contracts not to engage in a particular business or profession at a certain place for a limited period are quite generally held invalid by this and other courts when made in the connection with the sale of a business or professional practise and for the purpose of protecting the purchaser in the enjoyment of Turn to Page 3 Column 3 SAYS HECUTIVE COUNCIL HOLDS OUSTER POWER Supreme Bench of Iowa Denies Contention of Commissioner DES MOINES April 2 owa supreme court today upheld he authority of the state executive ouncil to proceed to oust appoint ve officials and reversed the lower ourt decision in the case of E W lark state insurance commission r The high courts ruling denied the contention of Clark that In pro eedings against him the executive ouncil was depriving him of pro jerty and violating his privilege of due process of law The opinion was written by Jus ice Richards and concurred in by all members of the court except ustice Alberts Justice Powers who had been connected with the original case took no part in the ruling Office Not Property To sustain his proposition the appellee asserts that a public office property within the meaning of these constitutional provisions the opinion said after citing the Iowa statutes under which the executive council attempted to remove Clark from office In Iowa the question has been fully considered in our and is foreclosed against tne ap pellees contention A public office has in it no ment of property but it is rather a personal public trust created for the benefit ot the state and not the the Individual Huey Long Accepts Invitation to Speak in Iowa on April 27 WASHINGTON April 2 Senator Huey P Long of Louisiana said today he had accepted an invi tation to address a meeting of the National Farmers Holiday associa tion at Des Moines the afternoon of April 27 The senator said he would speak on Campaign Make Them and Make Them and They Make Us and Break Them Discharged Soldier Bound Home to Iowa Robbed and Beaten SAN ANTONIO Texas April 2 parents reputed in finan cial difficulties due to recent dust storms John R Le Maine of Den ison Iowa obtained his discharge from the army yesterday at Fort Clark on the TexasMexican bor der and started back to Iowa Today he was in a serious con dition in a San Antonio hospital after robbers set upon him last night stabbed him took 525 from him and left him unconscious The high court denied tention he had not been given ficicnt notice of the timeand place for hearing of allegations made con cerning him by the executive coun cil Notice Was Sufficient We think the notice to the ap pellee was sufficient to enable him to present fully his side of the con troversy before the executive coun cil and such notice having been given it is not necessary that we examine further into what would have been the situation as deter mined by the common law had the executive council proceeded ex parte The opinion held that Clarks argument that theexecutive council was prejudiced and had prejudged his cass before the hearingwas not supported by facts in the record Clark now has 30 days to file no ice for petition for an additional 30 days to prepare the actual petition Council members have indicated however he will lot be asked to step out of his posi tion before the regular expiration date of his term of office July i To Affect Cooper Case DES MOINES April 2 action of the Iowa supreme courtin upholding the authority of the exe cutive council to proceed in ouster actions against appointive officials Turn to Paso 3 Column 1 Discriminators Against American Goods Warned GRIFFIN BREWER GIVEN REPRIEVE DES MOINES April 2 Elmer Brewer and Pat Griffin both of Waterloo scheduled to hang April 5 for the slaying of a Black Hawk county deputy sheriff today were granted a 60 day stay of ex change controls quota systems and ecution by Gov Clyde L Herring sanitary restrictions WASHINGTON April 2 its policy of attempting to revive foreign trade by a series of give andtake treaties with other coun tries the United States had added today an open warning that it will hit back at nations which discrim inate against American goods President Roosevelt made known that the government is studying the question of ending existing trade pacts with Germany Italy Den mark and Portugal As he pro claimed a new reciprocal treaty be tween Belgium and the United States the president outlined the foreign trade policy in a letter to Secretary Morgenthau The presidents letter did not go into the details of the discrimina tion Economists long have been noting however a multiplicity of devices to channel trade in the mod ern tariffs ex Germany trying to increase Ger man exports advocates forced bi lateral trade system whereby goods and services ex changed between two countries would balance The state depart ment in a statement yesterday re jected this idea It held that allot ment of foreign exchange instead of being used to work toward such bi lateral balancing should be ad justed to the natural flow of trade Italy controls imports by a highly centralized system Some officials hold that the limitations discrim inate against American foreign trade The presidents letter warned thai unless nations grant equality oi treatment to the United States they wi be denied benefits of re ciprocal trade pacts now being ne gotiated with more than a dozen countries Ends Arguments Here Is a booklet that has pro voked wide discussion and at the same time cited as an authorita tive reference ended or settled in numerable arguments In it will be found all the essential facts con cerning the lives of all the 31 men who have been president of the United States their elections and their campaign issues and policies Each biographical sketch is ac companied by an excellent likeness of the subject reproduced from paintings or photographs Biographies and portraits of the women who have been first ladies of the land complete this valuable booklet Presidents and Their Wives is procurable only through our Wash ington information bureau Send 10 cents for your copy Use coupon The Mason City GlobeGazette Information bureau Frederic J Haskin director Washington D C I enclose 10 cents in coin carefully wrapped for tha booklet on Presidents and Their Wives Name Street City State Mail to Washington IX 515
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