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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 29, 1935, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLI FIVE CENTS A COPX ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SEKV1CE Trouble on Bill Looms Social Security Act Major Obstacle in Congress By EEKBEBT PLUMMER ASHINGTON March 29 The administra tions social se curity bill looms as a major ob stacle in the ful fillment of the presidents re ported desire to clear toe legisla tive decks of all contro v e r s i a 1 measures during the present ses sion Insiders say the stubborn battle over the work relief bill appears tame in comparison with the expected struggle in congress on the omni bus social security legislation They point to what already has hap MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY MARCH 29 1935 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 144 BELGIUM DEVALUES ITS MONEY Discuss New Legislation Affecting Education PROGRAM PLANS pened in support of their conten tion The house ways and means com mittee has been in a state of con fusion since the start The bill has been rewritten completely so much so says one insider not a single sentence of the original draft has been left intact Adherents of the bill have split among themselves over the pro posed legislation And those who keep an ear to the ground report surprising apathy among members of congress over disposition of the bill Split Suggested In view of this many members of congress are frank in their opin ion that despite determination of the president his committee on eco nomic security and certain groups of social workers the chances of gettingthe bill passed in toto are fading Sentiment is increasing to split the measure up for the present and leave to later the working out of the entire program They would concentrate on one major Ibahsinthe bill at as ice for indigent persons over 65 years of well as on a few subsidiary provisions such as widows aid and child welfare Pressure being brought to bear by Eupporters of the Townseud old age pension plan has convinced members of congress something must be done quickly to show their interest in the problem of economic security Too Late The question of unemployment insurance presents a problem of its own Some 40odd legislators met on Jan 1 They marked time on old age pensions and unemployment in surance awaiting federal action Some 20 of these legislators have adjourned several for two years and others are about to do so This is being advanced as an ar gument against action now espe cially by those who contend the ad ministration measure is too un wieldy to adopt without fuller con sideration TEACHERS GIVEN LOOK AT WHAT DICTATOR DOES Miss Samuelson and Dr Fred Moore Speakers at Convention Now legislation affecting educa tion the lessons a democracy can learn from dictatorship and high school tercentenary plans were among the subjects discussed at the Friday morning session of the con vention of the north centra divi sion of the Iowa State Teachers association at the high school audi torium Miss Agnes Samuelson state superintendent of public instruc tion explained state and federal legislation affecting education While maintaining the institu tions of democratic government are threatened by dictatorship democ racy has some lessons to learn from it Dr Fred Atkins Moore leader and executive director of the Chi cago forum and adult education council declared Not Silly Gossip There was more than just a ru mor to what seemed silly gossip about the offer made to Smedley Butler to become dictator Doctor Moore declared We can be sure that kind of a proposition has been entertained and is being entertained more than ever todav Charles Beard in an article in On Program Here MISS AGNES SAMUELSON Scribners magazine in the Febru ary number said there was a pos sibility that if improvement in con ditions did not soon appear America would be thrown into a war in or der to turn the attention of the peo ple away from home conditions Has Some Merits There are some merits to dic tatorship A good dictator incul cates the idea in citizens that they owe a duty to their government Dictators can do things that cant be done in a democracy in insisting that the right of the commonwealth come ahead of the rights of the in dividual On the other hand a dictator CLUB HOSTESS DIES SUDDENLY Nora Springs Woman Drop Dead Half Hour Before Group Meets NORA SPRINGS March half hour before tie Priscilla club was to meet at her home here Fri day afternoon Mrs Carl Volkman about 50 succumbed to heart dis ease She dropped dead as she was preparing to entertain the club She leaves her husband and a daughter Esther who is employed in the county agents office in Charles City and a son Eldon who works on a farm FORECAST IOWA Cloudy and colder Friday night and Saturday possibly rain or snow in south east portion Saturday MINNESOTA Generally fair Friday night and Saturday not much change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Friday morning Maximum Thursday 47 Minimum in Night 29 At 8 A M Friday 31 Dust in the air ably from the Dakotas because the Wind was from that scured the sun a considerable part of the day In the GlobeGazettes weather records the day is classi fied as clear ship does not have education It does not educate minds to think but to confirm It is like an iron frame placed about the people Earl Smith Talks Earl Smith Mason City attorney explained the provisions of a bin in troduced in the Iowa legislature by Representative Herman M Knud son requiring teachers to take the oath to defend the constitution of the United States Some oppose this on the grounds that it limits freedom of thought said Mr Smith But every member of the bar takes it every public of fice holder and person in any type of public trust likewise takes it It is an oath that every teacher shou not hesitate to take Teachers hoJ a public position paid from publi funds and should not have th right to teach ideas about over throwing the government of th United States C T Feelhaver principal of th Fort Dodge high school relate purposes of the high school tercen Turn to Pare 2 Column 2 Talks About Educational Legislation Discusses New Bills in Congress and Legislature What is happening to education in congress and the state legisla ture Miss Agnes Samuelson Iowa superintendent of public instruction asked teachers attending the north central division of State Teachers association convention here Thurs day Miss Samuelson then proceeded to discuss that problem with Lets take a look at the present situation in the effort to answer this ques tion Firct as to congress There are two types of bills before the law makers of the nation Both have to do with federal aid for schools The one is for emergency aid to keep schools open There was a hearing on this subject before the education committee of the house of repre sentatives just the other day Hopkins Reviews Work Harry L Hopkins administra tor federal emergency relief re viewed the work being done to ex tend aid to schools in eight states at the present time He said that 12 states had applied for school re lief funds to keep their schools open the rest of the year and their needs were being investigated soon I pause to say that Iowa is now one of these states asking for fed eral assistance to keep schools open Last year about eight of our HOSTAGES TELL OF RIDING WITH 3 BANK BANDITS Report Trio That Sang Crossing State Line Has Confessed CHICAGO March 29 two persons whose car was com mandeered and who were held a hostages on the last lap of th Mauston Wis bank bandits wjli flight to Chicago were disclosed to day as Ellis G Erode 50 a travel ing salesman of Portland Ore anc his wife Birdie Erode was returning with his wife to Chicago from a business trip to Minneapolis when the three bandits flourishing revolvers crowded their car into a roadside ditch near Janesville Wis Only Two in Car The car contained only two per sons not four as earlier reported Mrs Erode said The three bandit suspects Michael Monczynski 21 Edwarc Cudecki 22 and Thomas Stopa 21 all of Suburban Cicero were cap turned at midnight by Chicago po lice led by Sheriff Morg Rider of Mauston They were reported to have confessed At her hotel here today Mrs Erode disclosed the thrilling details of the ride One bandit she said held a pistol pressed to her hide during the trip Whoops of Joy As they crossed the Illinois Wisconsin line she said they let out whoops of joy and began to sing One of them trilled through The Isle of Capri They sang oth er songs too I didnt think much of their singing but otherwise they were very courteous The three young robbers swept into the Mauston bank Wednesday but Russell Hale cashier frustrated Outwits Bandits Russell Hale assis tant cashier of a bank in Maus ton Wis was wounded when he defied pistol blasts from three bandits to grab his deer rifle us the robbers raced away minus any loot They were ar rested in Chicago Associated Press their plans by opening fire with a revolver The bandits returned the fire inflicting a flesh wound in Kales shoulder and fled without any loot CLOSED BANK AT DURANT HELD UP Two Iowa Bandits Escape With Loot of Between and DURANT March 29 men held up the closed Durant Sav ings bank here shortly before 11 a m today and escaped with be districts received aid to continue tween and H M Kelly ex BERLOVIDH TRIAL TESTIMONY ENOS Attorneys for Defense anc State Begin Presenting Final Arguments DES MOINES March 29 Introduction of testimony in the irial of Dewey Berlovich Des Moines night club proprietor charged with the murder of Don Merrigan was completed today and defense and sfte attorneys began jresenting their closing arguments It was expected the case would go to the jury late today The prosecution placed three re buttal witnesses on the stand at the morning session J A Newell for mer assistant chief of police here estified Berlovichs general repu ation as to moral character was ad Two physicians testified Berlo ich did not complain of pain or show any marked injuries when he was taken to the hospital after the fatal shooting Berlovich had testi fied previously he was so severely beaten in his fight with Merrigan that he was dazed when he fired the shots that killed Merrigan their normal school term Now we have one situation that calls for immediate attention That is in the town of Bettendorf in Scott county There are 17 teachers there in that school They are teaching without any salary in order to keep the school open for the children of that district Other similar situations are apt to arise at any time especially in the drought counties of our state Keep Schools Open The requirements of the federal government are that before federal aid is extended to keep schools open this year there must be a provision for the state to assume a portion of this expense To that end a bill has been introduced in the Iowa legis lature providing for an appropria tion of 510000 to match federal ap propriations to meet any emerg ency situations which might arise in this state in connection with keeping schools open There have also been some other sills introduced in congress which would set aside funds for school building construction The other type of legislation in roduced in congress has to do with the permanent aid for schools This calls for a permanent policy with reference to federal participation in school support That is a very pert nent and leading question at the present time and one which should engage the attention of all of us Just as it is necessary for the tate to assist in relieving inequali ies between inability of school dis ricts to finance a satisfactory edu ational program so the federal overnment will have to participate n guaranteeing adequate school fac ities through the country The subject is tied up with the uestion of control It should be pos ble to distribute federal funds for he support of schools in the various 2 Si aminer in charge reported Kelly said the two men came into the bank and told him they wanted to discuss a land deal Shortly after the conversation started Kelly said one of them pulled a revolver and ordered him to step aside The other grabbed a box contain ing a small petty cash fund esti mated between and and the pair of robbers hurriedly left the bank the examiner declared Kelly reported he did not know how the men made their escape but said he was told they headed to ward Davenport in an automobile ROBE OF Ml A MERGER OPPOSED owa House Committee for Postponing Resolution for Inquiry DES MOINES March 29 ie Iowa house insurance commit tee today recommended indefinite postponement for the joint resolu tion seeking appointment of a com mittee to investigate the state in surance department The action came as the resolution was report BILL TO EXTEND NRA OFFERED AS STRIKES IMPEND WorkRelief Bill Back in House With Silver Rider Removed WASHINGTON March 29 A secretly drafted administration bill to extend NRA with some mod ifications was hastily introduced today by Chairman Harrison of the senate finance committee after a warning in executive session from Donald Richberg NRA head that strikes were impending in four big industries The NRA bill was along lines recommended by the administra tion with codes confined to inter state commerce and the antitrust laws partially restored Members of the committee said Richberg warned of the threaten ing labor situation in the steel coal automobile and textile indus tries and urged it to speed up con sideration of NRA legislation He advocated the immediate introduc tion of the bill which Harrison has had m his pocket for several days Relief Bill Back The administrations 000 000 work reliefbill was bacx In th bouse for another forward shove in icaious journey toward the stai vie books But a vote was no scheduled until Monday These steps remained before th money was ready for spending in putting 3500000 jobless employ ables to House approval of the conference Discuss Plan to Get U S Collaboration Capt Eden of Great Britain Converses With Stalin By JOHN LLOYD Copyright 11135 by Tlic Aividiiti rress MOSCOW March 29 a plan for United States collaboration with other powers in the far east reportedly under discussion Capt Anthony Eden British lord privy seal faced Joseph Stalin soviet chief in the latters private office in the Kremlin today A high source said that Foreign Commissar Maxim Litvinoff had suggested to Eden the formulation of a far eastern pact to include the United States Great Britain Rus sia Japan China and France and that Stalin too supported this sug gestion Litvinoff Is Present The British envoy was accom janied by Lord Cbilston the Brit sh ambassador to Russia Present vith Stalin were Vyacheslaff Molo off president of the union council if peoples commissaries Foreign Commissar Maxim Litvinoff and van Maisky the Russian ambassa lor to London They immediately began with OF GOLD PAYMENT Parliament Expected to Give Government Vote of Confidence BRUSSELS March 29 mier Paul Van Zeeland today pro claimed a new deal for Belgium with the value of the gold belga cut maximum of 30 per cent and with sweeping economic and mone tary reforms to be rushed into ef fect report which adjusted senate and house differences striking out the Thomas silver inflation amend ment Senate approval of the report Dispatching to President Roose velt for signing into law Announcement of the machinery for handling the huge fund Long Attacks NRA Meanwhile Senator Huey Long ed to the house floor The measure sponsored in the house by Representative Lemar Foster D of Cedar would have authorized a joint legislative com mittee to investigate activities of the department with particular ref erence to the merger in December 1931 of the Modern Brotherhood of America of Mason City with the Independent Order of Foresters of Toronto Can A companion resolution is still in the senate insurance committee where a public hearing on the ques tion was held last week but n recommendations have yet bee made Italy Plans to Shoot Wartime Profiteers MILAN Italy March 29 Wartime profiteers in Italy will be stood up against a wall and shot Premier Mussolinis newspaper Popolo Dltalia said today Woman 2 Children Burned to Death as Blaze Sweeps House WOBURN Mass March 29 f Mrs Catherine Mercon 49 he daughter Virginia 10 and grand son Francis six months burned ti death in a fire that swept a twi family house three miles from the center of the city early today Five other members of the Mer con family the father Joiin T Mer con and four sons Francis 24 Vin cent 19 Paul 16 and Lawrence 13 escaped Mr and Mrs Frank Doubleday and their three children occupants of the first floor apartment also escaped Dr Charles B Chenoweth of Nora Springs Is Dead Funeral Will Be Saturday Burial at Vinton NORA SPRINGS March Or Charles B Chenoweth 77 phy sician here for many years died at oclock Thursday night of a heart attack at a Mason City hos pital He recently submitted to an emergency operation for masoid but had been receiving treatment for some time Funeral services will be conducted at 10 oclock Saturday morning at I the M Hi church in Nora Borings in charge of the Rev J E DeLong The body will then be taken to Vin ton for burial The body is now at the MartinScheckler funeral home in Nora Springs Dr Chenoweth had practcied for about 18 years in Nora Springs corning here from Newhall Surviv ing are his wife and two sons Earl of Nora Springs who operates the Home Oil company and Dr C E Chenoweth of Mason City special ist three grandchildren a brother E H Chenoweth of Chicago and two sisters Aurilla Chenoweth and Mrs Ida M Bryner of Long Beach Cal told the senate that as a result of the governments attempt to with draw the Belcher NRA case from the supreme court he was going to tell his Louisiana constituents to nore the NRA I intend to tell them to pay the same attention to the NRA that the man from Alabama did and I think we all ought to do that be cause the department of justice wont do anything about it if they do violate the law Long said The Kingfish declared that I knew the NRA was unconstitutional and they knew it but theyre trying to keep it alive by bulldozing the little fellow And this Alabama man who defied every part of it was al lowed to tell em where to go Green Backs Move The NRA bill was presented to the senate by the committee chair man shortly after William Green president had thrown the American federation of labors support back of an extended NRA and demanded also enactment of the Black 30 hour week bill Harrison emphasized to newspa permen as he introduced the bill that it was purely a basis for dis cussion and probably would be sub jected to further changes particu larly the section dealing with the antitrust laws He explained he was introducing the bill to ameliorate as much as possible the uncertainty which he said was disturbing business over the future of NRA and the govern ments policy toward business and abor Retains Labor Section The measure he said retained he labor section of the old law Section 7 without change and rovided for two kinds of voluntary for most industries and imited codes to be imposed on the latural resource industries He said he believed the bill would he aid of the interpreters the dis cussion of the European situation Soviet circles said earlier today after an hour and a half conference between Litvinoff and Eden that there was a noted improvement in both the political and economic re lations between soviet Russia and Great Britain1 Grounds Not Stated The1 did not Indi cate on what grounds the further improvement of the AngloRussian relations was based during the dis cussion as Eden probed into the pos sibilities of peace for Europe The two talked over most of the outstanding problems in political re ations they stated and the dis cussion was conducted with the same spirit of frankness arid sin cerity as yesterdays It was pointed out that after yes erdays talk it was said that the statesmen found no points of dis agreement although it was likewise mderstood no definite proposals were then presented by either party To Discuss Trade In the conversation slated with jitvinoff tomorrow Eden will dis uss the development of British Soviet trade relations The question of Soviet propagan a in England has not been raised uring the discussions an author zed Russian spokesman said in re ponse to a question Both British and Russians say onferences are being conducted in he light qf clarifications ob ained by Sir John Simon British ecretary of state for foreign af airs and Eden in their recent Ber lin talks with Hitler EXTENSJONPLAN BILL IS AMENDED State Senate Adopts Hush Rider Substitute for McArthurs DES MOINES The Iowa senate March 29 this afternoon liminate all intrastate industries Turn to face 2 Column 3 Algona Girl Dies of Poison Day Before Scheduled Wedding ST PAUL March 29 ose Rahm 18 Algona who was to e married Saturday to John Chell 5 died early today at the home of sister and the coroner immed itely ordered a post mortem It as reported Miss Rahm had taken oison by mistake adopted an amendment providing for a county agricultural extension service plan on petition of 51 per cent of the voters The amendment by Senator Ho mer Hush R of Essex was a re wording of a similar amendment bv Senator William McArthur D of Mason City Adoption was by acclamation Under the plan the extension ser vice when so established would function for at least three years After that length of time 51 per cent of the voters could change the etup Several in Opposition Several senators opposed the Mc Arthur amendment in the debate which wag interrupted for a noon recess Senator George Hopkins R of Guthrie Center said it would be impossible to get 51 per cent of the voters to agree to such a change The county agricultural extension ill was introduced by four sena tors Leo Elthon R of Fertile Garritt E Roelofs R of Sioux Center Carolyn Pendray D of Ma quoketa and Paul Anderson D of Harcourt and follows the lines of j 2 Column 1 Political observers expected par liament to which Van Zeeland an nounced the program to give the government a vote of confidence by a majority of 40 or 50 members Van Zeeland stated The cur rency level would not be the same as today but in no case would it be more than 30 per cent below the present level and he added that the new regime will go into effect Monday with a provisional cut of 25 per cent in the belgas value Cracks Gold Bloc The premie rs announcement cracked the European gold bloc for the comprehensive program he an nounced involves the suspension of gold payments by Belgium pending an international agreement on cur rency policy The premier announced the un dertaking of great public works schemes the favoring of industrial production by all possible measures the reduction of taxes the guaran tee of bank deposits and a desire to resume diplomatic and commer cial relations with Russia The governments program is a result of heavy blows dealt Belgian industry by countries with denrect ated currency Intends to Bcturn By the governments action Bel gium provisional is off the gold standard although she intends to return when an international mone tary conference can arrive at world stabilization The government also asked spe cial powers to regulate Belgian economy for a year The stability of the Belgians for eign exchange value will be assured by the Belgian national bank which will buy and sell currency through the intermediary of the foreign ex change equalization fund The belga was established as Bel giums monetary unit in 1926 It is equal to five Belgian paper francs and is currently quoted at about 21 cents in United States currency JURYCONVIcis STATE SENATOR WAHOO Nebr March 29 State Senator Joseph F Kaspar to day was convicted of a charge of receiving stolen property The fel ony case was in the hands of the district court jury here more than 11 hours and its verdict was read at a m All Kinds of Songs Everybodys Song Book brings you an exceptional selection of songs suitable for any occasion There are songs for rollicking fes tive gatherings songs for senti mental moments songs for college affairs songs for serious religious occasions and patriotic songs not only of our own country but of foreign lands Moreover these songs are outstanding favorites dating back to early times The music accompanies the words of each that has been adapted to the average voice There are more than 200 of the songs This song book contains 144 pages s printed on fine paper has a strong durable and attractive cov er and is completely indexed lu lose 20 cents in coin to cover cost handling and postage Use coupon The Mason City GlobeGazette Information Bureau Frederic J Hoskin Director Washington D C I inclose 20 cents in coin care fully wrapped for Everybodys Song Book Name Street City 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