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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 29, 1933, Mason City, Iowa i v VLLL North Iowas Edited for the Home VOL XXXIX KIVB CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IQWAXS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY MARCH 29 1933 HOME EDITION THIS PAPEEt CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONK Grow More Reasonable War Debtors Erred on Roosevelts Theories By CHAKLES P STEWART WASHINGTON March 29 CPA President Roosevelts pre occupation for nearly a month fol lowing his inauguration with Americas troubles at home to the practically com ii niuH plefce exclusion i ol the subject of r f has had a sur prising effect upon Uncle Sams war debt ors It has made them amazingly more reasonable than might have been expected from the tone of the utterances of their spokesman late in February European cap itals clearly were mistaken in their advance guess ing on the then president elects ideas aa to the best method of restoring American prosperity torest conservation measure in They evidently had arrived somespite of the changes made by the ow at the conclusion that his nniir CordeU Hull 0KB 150 ASKS PROTECTION FOR INVESTOR German Boycott of Jews Begins to Take Form GREEN DECIDES TO OPPOSE BILL SENATE PASSED House Pushes on Toward Vote on Reforesting Measure WASHINGTON March 29 The house was told today tha William Green president of th American Federation of Labor hai changed his mind and was nov opposed to Presidents Roosevelt forest conservation measure how at the conclusion that his only hope of a business revival in the United States lay in revival of world trade Europe in Error Of course it may fairly be as sumed that he does consider Amer icas advantage best served by prosperous world conditions but tha Europen theory that he had no faith in the idea of an independently fairly thriving and happy United States regardless of other coun tries is now revealed as quite er roneous This notion perhaps was arrived at from such expressions by Amer ican statesmen as Senator Cordell just after his selection for the state portfolio to the effect that America henceforth must play its full part in world commercial re habilitation from whichalone busi ness recovery hvsatlsfilctory meas Had ilfo Intention Seoretary Hull probably had no intention of begging other nations for heavens sake and upon any terms to join Americans in a program designed to save them from ruin It is plain however that such substantially was the inter pretation they placed upon his words for they promptly assumed the attitude that they might be will ing to consider a plan of the sort suggested provided the United States would make sufficient con cessions British Chancellor of the Exche quer Chamberlain indeed will be recalled as having intimated in a lormal speech that England would scarcely be prepared to acquiesce in debt cancellation Englands debt to America without a quid pro quo of one kind or another This overseas complacency natur ally must have been sorely jolted by the new presidents casual remark in the course of his inaugural ad dress that I shall spare no effort to restore world trade but the emergency at home cannot wait on that accomplishment More Rational Now His subsequent utter obliviouness of international questions while dealing with the bank crisis taking up farm and unemployment relief and even disposing of the wetand dry issue undoubtedly rattled t still farther Now opening international corri mercial negotiations after a consid erable lapse Secretary Hull finds the old world quite ready to tall business very rationally It is unlikely to be sure that Jnany Americans are optimistic over prospects of further war debt col lections but there certainly will be no more hints at the necessity foi American concessions to the debtor powers for file privilege of cancell ing them AUNT HET By Robert Quillen i Nature arranges it purty good Mighty few folk get prosperous enough to have polished oak floors without sheddin the kind o friends that would ruin em with heel tacks senate Chairman Conuery of the hous labor committee a leadingoppon ent of the bill on the ground tha it would allow too low wage scales said he was authorized to announci Greens opposition Green wrote i letter a few days ago saying that in view of the senate changes he felt it best that the bill be accepted by labor Connery led the opposition debate as the house pushed toward a vote which leaders predicted would mean passage before nightfall Beedy R Me joined him in op position Relief Not Jobs Representative Byrns of Ten nesse the democratic leader sait the measure would put 250000 men to work and that it was de signed to provide relief not jobs Byrna saidbefore the house took up the measure thai he had been Informed at the white house that the changes made by the senate were acceptable to President Roosevelt and predicted passage be fore adjournment despite the op position of Chairman Connery of the house labor committee In other quarters it was made clear that the president hoped to begin enrolling men in his work program within two weeks Blocked iu Senate Consideration of the administra tions unemployment relief bill was blocked in the senate today by Senator McNary republi can leader but the measure was taken tip for informal debate Senator Wagner D N Y sub mitted the banking committees fa vorable report on the broad relief plan and asked for its immediate consideration but McNary ob jected He consented however to begin informal debate on the measure to day in the absence of any other sen ate business and Wagner immedia tely undertook an explanation of the bill After Wagner had explained the barms of the measure the senate recessed until tomorrow when its formal consideration will begin PROPOSESrflRM MORTGAGE BANK McAdoo Urges Consolidat ing Operations of Federal Land Banks WASHINGTON March 29 Creation of a strong United States farm mortgage bank with 50000 000 capital to aid the farmer meet his debts and refinance them wa proposed today in a bill by Senator McAdoo former tary of the treasury McAdoo told newspapermen the bill was not presented for the ad ministration but that he was of fering it to assist Mr Roosevelt SCOTTSBORO JUDGE Judge James E Hortcn is presiding over tlie new trial nt Decatur Ala of seven Ne groes saved by the United States supreme court from a previous sentence of death on a charge of attacking two white girls The first trial of tlie Scottsboro cnse was held at Scottshflro Ala Associated Press Gus Schram Fate Still in Hands of Jurors at Garner Hayfield Man Charged With Murder in Burning to Death of Child GARNER March jury s still out this afternoon deliber ating the case or Gus Schram of Hayfield charged with first degree murder for the death of Leo Brock man Hayfield boy who was burned death Large crowds have at to Bill Drafted for Sale of Beer in Iowa Act Is Understood to Carry Approval of Administration DES MOINES March 29 Sale of 32 per cent beer in Iowa would be made legal under a bill which is to be presented the house and senate sifting committees this week The draft of the measure which is understood to meet administra tion approval was completed to day It is planned to have the bill considered before the session ad journs its sponsors said The measure would provide for a tax of 124 a barrel and further provides for three classes of li censes as follows License Class manufacturers and wholesalers with a license fee of 5700 a bond of 510000 the licenses to be issued by the state treasurer Class retailing the bever age on the premises providing for a license of S500 a bond of the license to be issued by munici palities also that beer taken off the premises must be in at least 0 pint lots or 72 ounces Class C For Grocers clubs cafes and restaurants license fee 200 bond the minimum amount to be taken from the prem ises would be six pints this license also would be issued by municipali ties On Dining Cars Dining cars upon payment of a license would be placed in dais C The bill prohibits the sale of any beer outside of municipalities and lhat beer served at restaurants and lotels must be at the tables Use of he words bar saloon and similar terms are forbidden as is also the sale of keg beer by the glass Of the license fees collected one ialf would go to the state and the other half to the school fund secre in formulating program a farm mortgage The bill McAdoo said would con solidate operations of the federal land banks and other government farm credit agencies with the pro posed United States farm mortgage bank The land banks would be continued as branches of the new unit He hoped that under the plan mortgage money could be sup plied to farmers at a total includ ing interest and amortization charges not exceeding 4 to per cent A principal purpose of the bill he said was to enable those vho lost their farms during the past two years to redeem them under reasonable conditions and to give those whose mortgages may be foreclosed in the future a reason able redemption period tended the trial and it was esti mated 750 heard the closing phases of the case yesterday afternoon County Attorney L C Beaumont f Britt in a pica to the jury stated hat murder in arson is murder in the first degree Schram has already served nine months of a 20 year sentence on an arson charge follow ng his plea of guilty to arson At torney Beaumont reviewed the evi dence Ileads for Detcnsc L R Boomhower Mason City counsel for the defense claimed hat the evidence tended to show lone other than unknown He stated iat the owner of the house in which he fire occurred had had six fires in 0 years and was reputed to have lebris on the premises which might irlginate fire Attorney Boom lower scored the county officials or not takingSchram before a nagistrate at once In the arson case nd questioned the validity of the onfession He also claimed there ras neglect in that the long hand opy of Schrams statement could iot be found Frank W Senneff of Eritt who is ctingas special attorney assistino he prosecution also made a pica efore the jury He said it was up o the jury to determine the degree or murder Jury Gets Instructions J J Clark gave his in structions to the jury which retired at oclockyesterday afternoon to deliberate the case Tlie interest in the case the first murder trial ever to be held in this courthouse was evidenced by the large number of persons who awaited today the verdict in the case Mrs Henrrietta Schram 91 mother of Gns Schram was ill anc unable to testify yesterday Prone cutmg attorney Senneff and Attor ney Boomhower agreed on the tes timony that she would give as this That Schram took the lamp to her room and helped her to bed and that he retired not far from her room at about 10 oclock the eve ning of June 10 the night of the fire and she heard him snoring in his room Defense Is Overruled Attorney Boomhower said exhibit I the written confession of Schram was not fairly or freely obtained and that exhibit I had nothing to do with this murder trial The defense isket the court to exclude all parts of exhibit D and particularly all affidavits which were included ties statements collateral matter contained but this requcsl Turn to 3 Column a ADD TO APPROPRIATIONS Ijouse Works on Measure as Drawn by Committee on Appropriations DES MOINES March 29 Continuing its consideration of the general appropriation bill as a com mittee of the whole the house to day added to recommenda tions made by the house appropria tions committee The bulk of the increases went to the slate fair board the appro priation for which was increased from 526500 to 550000 and to aid funds for county fairs The county fair appropriations were Increased from 75000 to An increase of 56000 was given the adjutant generals department Members from the rural districts rallied to the support of Represen tative O J Ditto of Osceola In his amendments for the fair aid These amendments were adopted after the house had overridden attempts to increase the salaries for the chair man and vice chairman of the board of assessment and review from 153263 to This amend ment was introduced by Represen tative Johnson of Linn Vote Doivn Amendment The house also voted down an amendment by Representative Bonnstetter of Kossuth committee chairman to increase the state auditors salary from the recom mended 53625 to 55000 Bonnstetter claimed this salary was set by statute and Johnson suggested that the statute should have been changed so that the same reduction yardstick would be applicable to everyone An attempt was also made by Representatives Crouch of Greene and Hook of Taylor to increase the recommended allotment for the board of conservation from to The Increase was asked on the ground that the parks were the peoples playground and should be kept up Representative Durant of Han cock countered with advice that the farmers playground is out in the cornfield for County Fairs In makingthe fight for the in oiease to county fairs a number of the members said institutions were largely responsible for the in creasing interest in 4H club work The members will have a further Turn to rage J Column It 48 CLOSE SHOPS IN BERLIN AFTER PICKETS GATHER University Professor and Three Attorneys Put Under Arrest BERLIN March 29 manys boycott of Jews although it does not begin officially until the morning of April 1 already has be gun to lake form This morning the Berlin city gov ernment ordered that from April 1 on all supplies for municipal pro jects and offices be purchased only from nationalist merchants Fortyeight Jewish shops picket ed by national socialist storm troop ers were quickly closed by their owners and a number of other shops run by nonJews on money borrowed from Jews also were picketed Jewish professors were prevented from entering the class room buildings at the University of Westphalia Protective Arrest Hugo Sinzheimer a member the university faculty and thre Jewish attorneys were placed undc arrest Professor Sine heimer was a reporter for the wa guilt commission and is a membe of the German peace society The national socialist party head quarters which issued its appea toca general Jewish boycottyea terday describes the campaign a in retaliation for erroneous report of Jewish persecution publlshe abroad Government Silent The Hitler government wa silent as the dominant national so cialist party went alieacr organizin committees throughout the countr to stop all Jewish business and pro fessional activity by Saturday morning Even school attendance by Jew ish children is to be reduced Two Berlin newspapers not dom inaled by the Nazi party warne the government of the possible of fects A prominent Jewish pape envisaged a revival of the middl age ghettos or the isolating of th Jews in separate villages such a those of gypsies throughout Eur ope Already in Effect It was impossible to predic whether the government would in tervene Boycotts already in effec in several sections of the countrj were being tolerated by the govern ment Its immediate attention in Ihc meanwhile was taken up by tm strained relations in its own bank caused by the reported counter re volt movement in Brunswick in volving the steel helmet war vet erans organization Only 150 men remained in custody there after th release last night of 1200 who had jeen held prisoners 24 hours in the teel helmet headquarters Those still in custody were des cribed as leftist leaders The naz storm troops who fought side by side with the steel helmeters to es tablish the Hitler regime and shar ed police duties with them since had accused the latter of enrolling more than 1000 former reichsban ner republican defense force men to oust the nazis Disband Steel Helmeters The order disbanding the stce helmeters in that state and remov ing them as auxiliary police wil be recinded Saturday it was an nounced This was decided after a conference between Deitrich Klagges nazi minister of interior in Brunswick and Franz Seldte the national leader of the steel helmet and minister of labor in the Hitler cabinet A long manifesto issued by the nazi party last night announced the boycott is to be inaugurated at 10 a m Saturday like a blow It said innocent must not suffer but that the guilty must not be spared It added the boycott was formu lated for defense of the nazi party against the atrocity propaganda abroad Jews now living in Germany were held responsible for these so called libels Resent Immigration The longstanding nazi resent ment against the influx of Jews in to Germany during the World war because of hostilities in Jewish pop ulation centers on the eastern front and after tho war as a re sult of persecutions of Jews in oth Tnrn 10 rune j Column ll Nazi Rule in Austria Seen as Imminent Warn All Agreements of Present Regime to Be Ignored VIENNA March 29 nazis through their official organ Deutschoesterreichische Tageszei lung today warned the world that the forthcoming nazi regime would not recognize any agreement signed by the regime of Chancellor Engel bert Doliluss The newspaper also warned mem bers iif the present government You arc playing not only with the hist resources of our people but you are risking also your heads and your Uves The newspaper was confiscated soon after its appearance however Warns Government It pointed out in its warning that the government in mortgaging the peoples future income to repay for eign debts of the Creditaustalt and other collapsed banks is acting without authority for long ago it lost the peoples confidence A nKzi effort to demonstrate what they considered the weakness of the Dollfuss dictatorial machine by swarming through tlie inner city last night in defiance of govern ment decrees did not meet with seri ous resistance by police although 50 persons were arrested for smashing windows The demonstrators smashed win dows in business houses and cofCee shops while shouting allegiance to Chancellor Hitler of Germany They nrarbiea part of the city Dratie Bank Measures A government communique March 20 announced the institution of dras tic measures to restore the liquidity of Austrias big banks The decrees authorized loans by the finance ministry of 110000000 schillings approximately JTBGOO 000 and by the National bank of schillings about 000 to an institute for revision and trusteeship The institute in turn was authorized to lend the funds to banks Reports that any Austrian bank was in clanger of collapse were de scribed by the communique as en tirely unfounded REJECT CHANGES IN FARM AID ACT Administration Forces Win in Committee as Redraft of Bill Starts WASHINGTON March 29 Administration forces in the sen ate agriculture committee rallied to day and beat off two efforts to limit the commodities to wliich the sweeping Roosevelt farm bill would apply These first votes occurred as tho committee after two days of hear ings met in executive session to consider proposals for redrafting the bill A motion by Senator Kendrick of Wyoming the assistant democratic leader to eliminate sheep and cat tle from operation of the bill was defeated by a to 5 vote Wheat and Cotton A subsequent effort by McNavy of Oregon to limit the bill to whoat and cotton was rejected 33 to 1 Some senators Including Thomas D Okla looked on tlie two notes as indicating the administration bill would pass the senate with compar atively few changes from the orisc nal draft passed intact by the house Others including NoiTis R Nebr declined to say whether they considered this a test vote and Smith who desires big changes said I think this committee Is about as undecided in its final analysis of this bill as it could be Include 9 Commodities As the bill now stands It would jive Secretary Wallace broad pow ers to aid the following commodi ies Wheat cotton corn hogs cattle beep oats milk and dairy pro ucts and rice Those who voted with McNary Smith said were himscdf Norris nd Kendrick Wheeler D Mont joined Me fary Smith Kendrick and Morris seeking to eliminate cattle and heep Smith said Will Rogers BEVERLY HILLS Cal March country may be short of work short of ready cnsh but by golly depression has bred real patriots Right here in Bev erly Hills the heart of art in the exclusive Beverly Wilshire hotel some friend of the com mon people sneaked in and stole six saxophones four clarinets a bull fiddle and a base drum Our town constable is looking for him to prosecute him the people are looking for him to reward him Pardon me for bragging too quick just yesterday I said Hurrah for the U S She is spending her time solving her own problems I wake up to day findingwe are trying to get irto the world court My error Yours WILL ROGERS ICopyrlshl 1033 WcNailuM Synilicalr Probe of Cement Bids Requested by Road Commission Resolution Filed in House for Investigation and Early Report DES MOINES March 29 The Iowa highway commission and its chief Fred White to thorougu investigation by the state legislature of cement bids for highway construction A letter requesting the investi gation was received today by Lieut Gov N G Kraschel and Speaker George ID Miller presiding officers of the two houses In the house five representatives fllml a resolution for the requested investigation and a report to the current session of the legislature Ask for Investigation Those requesting the Investigation were E P Laughlin of Fremont O J Ditto of Osceola county D R McCreery of Linn H N Hanson of Winncbago and J H Mitchell of Webster The concurrent resolution calle for a thorough investigation by committee of five senators and five representatives with the power to summon witnesses and investigate all facts connected with letting of cement contracts The highway commission request follows The people of the state have a right to know the truth and the whole truth about the purchase ol cement by the highway commis sion The highway commission de Hires a full complete and impartial investigation into all facts and mat ters pertaining to cement lettings by the commission Joint Committee We therefore request that tlie senate and the house create a joint committee to make a full com plete and public investigation of these matters and report at this pession Such committee should be fully authorized to investigate any and all matters pertaining to the cement lettings held by the com mission The request today was the first sequel to a report of cement bids filed Monday by a special house committee The special committee report criticized the highway commission for alleged negligence and asserted it had found evidences of collusion and conspiracy by cement compan ies submitting bids for highway construction materials Abundant Evidence The committee added that There is abundant evidence to establish wanton ignorance lack of efficiency and contempt of public trust and that Mr White must have known from the beginning in July 1929 that there was no competition among the bidding cement compan ies to furnish cement to the state of Iowa and that there was collu sion to violate the laws of Jowa Tho resolution introduced today would require immediate Investi gation and would refer the special house committee report to the in vestigating committee However there was no indication in the bouse as to when it might take ac tion upon the resolution PRESIDENT SAYS PUBLIC MUST BE TREATED FAIRLY Asks Congress to Provide Federal Regulation of Securities Sales WASHINGTON March 29 President Roosevelt asked congress today to provide federal supervision of investment securities In another direct special message sixth in less than three weeks chief executive declared the public has sustained severe losses through practices neither ethical nor honest Thereupon he proposed to invoke the power of the federal govern ment in interstate commerce traffic to control new securities Preparations already were under way in house and senate to expedite the newest administration legisla tion Hearings to Start Representative Rayburn D Tex said bearings would be held by the interstate commerce committee which he heads possibly starting tomorrow He indorsed the proposals and introduced the bill when the message had been read The president also informed con gress he would propose soon legis lation relating to the better super vision of the purchase and sale of all properties dealt in on ox changes He also spoke of legislation he has m mind to correct unethical and unsafe practices on the part of officers and directors of banks and other corporations Return to Truth Former loivan Dies CHICAGO March 29 neral arrangements were being made today for Edward L Hickc 4 former Sioux City merchant who died at his home in Evnnston of heart disease said is undeY atandlng of the undent truththan those who manage backs corpora tions und other agencies handling or using other peoples money are trustees acting for others The presidents text today fol To the congress I recommend to the congress legislation for federal supervision of traffic in investment securities in interstate commerce In spite of many state statutes the public in the past has sustained severe losses through practices nei ther ethical nor honest on the part of many persons and selling securities Will Not Guarantee Of course the federal govern ment cannot and should not take any action which might be con S approving or guarantee ing that newly issued securities are that Ucivalue r vaue will be maintained or that the nro th0y r0preSCnt There is however an obligation upon us to insist that every iss0 Of new securities to be sold in inter ntcr compnn state commerce shall he icd by full publicity and informn I 1a essentially imnor tant shall public This j impor clement attending the issue be concealed from he buying proposal adds to the nn cient rule of caveat cmptor the fur Tnrii I 1n J column 7 Policeman Commended for Choking of Woman BALTIMORE March 29 P choking a Baltimore woman after he lost an argument with her latrolman Earl Cosden received of ficial commendation from his super iors The woman was trying to poi son herself when Cosden arrived While he tta1 arguing she tossed two tablets in her mouth and swal lowed The patrolman seized her by the threat and choked until thrv came back up Weal IOWA WEATHER Cloudy probably Wednesday night and in Vnr east nnd central portions Thursday Sornoivhat unrmnr in ilio cast and ccntrnl portions Wednesday night cooler in the west and central portions Thursday LOCAL STATISTICS GlobeGazette weather figures or 21 hour period endingat 3 o clock Wednesday morning Maximum Tuesday Minimum In Nlch At 8 n m Kalnfnll The first thunder storm icason appeared Wednesday morn 42 35 Sfi 09 of the
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