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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 16, 1931, Mason City, Iowa HIS MEM ART WV DEPT OF IOWA DES 1 A North Iowas DAILY PAPER Edited for the Home THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XXXVII F1VE CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JULY 16 1931 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO ONE NO 208 Mine Towns Wretched9 Worse Than Those of Textile Firms in South BANKS REOPEN CRISIS AVERTED The sixth of a series dealing with the bituminous coal situa tion The final two dispatches follow By CHARLES P STEWART PITTSBURGH July 16 i Between the souths company owned textile towns and the com pany owned cool towns in the luminous area there is a simi larity and also a striking differ ence Both kinds of company owned towns are feudal Many of the textile type like wise are exceed ingly wretched In that respect they resemble all towns of the bi tuminous type N e v ertheless the worst of the textile towns are not so had as the best of the bituminous towns be cause in the former there always is some trace of a sense of responsi bility on the part of the feudal lord for the welfare of his dependents whereas in the latter the feudal lord appears to feel no such sense of re sponsibility whatever THE fact is some textile towns really are models in their way The feudal lords provide them with community centers hospitals frequently with libraries they see to it that good schools are provided for their dependents children they house these dependents modestly but comfortably and undoubtedly have a very kindly feeling for them the feeling of a superior building for his inferiors but kindly for all that Notmany of the textile barons are as conscientious as this but at least they make some pretense of it Especially are they interested in Hungarians Land 20 Miles Outside Budapest ems P STSWART their tenants spiritual status Turn CplDitin The USE GASOLINE IN CIRCLING TOWN AIRDROME First Ocean Trip Since Lindberghs to Make Destination BUDAPEST Hungary July 16 UP D Alexander Magyar and Capt George Endres brot the trans Atlantic monoplane Justice for Hungary down to a forced land ing 20 miles outside of Budapest tonight They come down as the last drop of gasoline was exhausted Neither was hurt altho the plane was dam aged The flyers crawled out at the end of their spectacular 3200 mile flight grinning broadly A few minutes before they landed the plane roared over the city turned and circled before heading in the direction of the airport Whole City Cheers It seemed as tho the whole city of Budapest raised its voice in a great roaring cheer as the ship circled over the city just before it came down Thousands who hadbeen waiting hours for its arrival were perched on roof tops jammed in the streets and craning out of windows as the ship passed over It was those few minutes of circling over the city which cost the two flyers glory of bringing their ship down on Matyasfold but even so theirs was the first flight since Lindberghs TtSeildtsSfeetSaidelnlte HUNGARIANS CROSS OCEAN WTROWERS Oklahoma Farmers Are Told Their Plight Is No Worse Than Others ENID Okla July 1C meeting called here last night to discuss plans for a 30 day mora toium on debts owed by wheat a growers of Northwestern Oklahoma failed to bring encouragement to P the farmers in definite action Speakers agreed that the wheat growers plight was serious but pointed out that the situation in Northwestern Oklahoma was no worse than In other sections The meeting was called to urge bankers and machinery dealers to postpone collection for at least 30 days on debts The consensus was that it is now too near the end of the harvesting season to map out a plan that would greatly benefit the wheat growers M E Winters head of the agron omy department of Oklahoma A and M college told the farmers they were trying to remedy In 30 days a situation that has been piling up for 30 years Similar meetings have been dis cussed for relief of growers in Kan sas and Western Texas goal for themselves andcame so close to hitting it Just Large Enough The field in which they landed was just large enough to give tbem room The two men piled into an auto mobile and went on to the airport They were forced down near the little village of Bicske at a little after p m p m In just a little over 26 hours they had covered the 3239 miles between Harbor Grace where they took off at GST Wednesday morning and Budapest averaging about 135 miles an hour HO ADS S AYR Alt RAISE NEED NOT PERMANENT Eastern Carriers Urge Increase to Last Depression WASHINGTON July 16 The Interstate Commerce Com mission was told today that tho eastern railroads believed only tho 15 per cent Increase in freight rates sought by the carriers would be ne cessary to tide them over tho de pression period The statement was made at the second day of the hearings on tho rate application by J J Pelley pres ident of the New York New Haven and Hartford railroad representing eastern carriers He testified tho in crease was not sought with an Idea to bringing profits to the 5 per cent net return fixed as fair by the commission Needed to Continue It was asked he said because it was felt that without additional rev enues the railroads could not con tinue the transportation service which it is their duty under tha law to provide and which is essen tial to the public welfare Pelley said railroad earnings were such that the carriers were unable to maintain their normal capital and maintenanco expenditures The curtailment the purchas ing power of the railroads has in my judgment ho continued a strong Influence In retarding tho re covery of business Hero is the Justice of Hungary the big Hungarian plane which crossed tho Atlantic piloted by Lieut George Endres and Lieut Alex ander Magyar as it left Roosevelt Field L I for a transAtlantic flight to Budapest The flyers reached Harbor Grace NF In a little more than severi hours Lower photo shows the two aviators prior to departure TWO ESCAPE IN When Capt George Endres and Captain Magyar started their trans Atlantic flight from Detroit Mich to Budapest they dedicated the ad venture to Hungarys still active antipathy to the treaty of peace signed 10 years ago at Trianon after the World war By that treaty Hungarys popu lation was reduced to 7500000 Fiume was ceded to the principal Allies and erected into a free city which later was annexed by Italy The three Magyar towns of Satul Mare CradeaMare and Arad and the surrounding Magyar zone were given to Rumania Hungary was allowed an army of 35000 The nation still smarts under what it considers to ho the unfaif division of Hungarian territory ef fected by the treaty lowan Deputy Imperial Potentate of Shriners CLEVELAND July 16 Mills of Des Moines was named dep uty imperial potentate at the six tyseventh annual convention of Shriners of North America here Wednesday AUNT MET By Robert Quillen 1 knew Jims bank was gettin shaky when his wife got to wcarin old clothes to head off suspicion mm START TEST On Selection of Six Best Winners Will Gather in New York NEW YORK July of the answers in Central Press na tional intelligence test is under way A special staff under Walter B Pitkin noted professor of Colum bia university is organizing and grouping the papers for the judges 1 Immediately upon selection of the six winncrsnotificatlon will be sent The winners will gather in New York see the sights there and then set sail on the great motor liner Vulcania The hoys will land at Trieate go to Genoa Milan Florence Venice Rome and Naples Ten boys from North Iowa who were high in a test sponsored by the Mason City GlobeGazette are candidates for the expensefree voy age Third of Men Held at Omaha for Safe Keeping Recaptured OMAHA July 16 pri soners two held for Cass county Nebraska authorities for safe keeping escaped from the Douglas county jail here today One was re captured They were Herman Banning and Harry Bottorf of St Joseph Mo who were awaiting trial in Cass county for the robbery of a Mur dock Nebr bank and Clyde Left ridge who was serving a three year term for larceny Leftridge was captured a few minutes later The other two appar ently made good their escape While waiting in a corridor at the jail foi the arrival of a physician who was to have examined them the three men pounced upon J El ler the turnkey and wrested his keys from him They then unlocked an elevator door and descended from the sixth to the first floor Jailor Sondstrum dashed down the stairs in pursul and succeeded In rectpturing ridge Jail authorities said the men stolen two razors shortly before their flight Grasshopper Damage Caused ATLANTIC July 16 ty Agent W O Duncan says grass hoppers are doing considerable dam age to small grain In Cass county and believes that even greater loss can be expected from invasion of the pests In the next few weeks There is also some1 Hessian flv damaee Markets at a Glance BE OOOLED OFF State Still at Grips With Temperatures Well Over 90 Degrees DES MOINES July 16 vas at grips again today with sear ng temperatures that zoomed well above 90 degrees Respite from the summers second ieat wave however was predicted for tomorrow in North Central and western Iowa No casualties were attributed to he heat altho one slight prostra jon was reported in Cedar Rapida and Harold Thayer 18 was drowned at Stivers Lake here in seeking re lef from yesterdays burning rays Inwood with 103 degrees reported Wednesdays maximum In the state with 101 at Decorah and 100 at Mason City Boone recorded tho lowest temperature In the 24 hours ending this morning the 69 degrees there jumping to 99 In the after The rallrpadahaa no Idea the de pression would lost so long ho added Acting on the assumption It would end after a few months they continued their programs of expen ditures he said Before the end tif 1930 Pelley explained however it was decided they could not continue the 1930 policy The carriers he said had hoped to get thru the depression without increasing rates and had cut ex pensesto an absolute minimum The increases sought in the pro ceeding he concluded are proposed without any thot of increasing rev enues sufficiently to earn a fair re turn France US Britain Talk Things Over German Chancellor to Come to Paris for Conference PARIS July 16 of the most important international meet ings since the treaty days of 1019 today b r o t representatives of France Great Britain and the United States together for discus sion of the financial crisis in many After four hours it adjourned with the announcement that the German chancellor had been Invited to come to Paris for another meet ing tomorrow or the next day be fore going to London where repre sentatives of all the great powers will meet on Monday evening Laval Presides Premier Laval Aristide Briand the French foreign minister Henry L Stimson American secretary of state Ambassador Edge Arthur Henderson the British foreign sec retory and Lord Tyrell the British ambassador took part in todays discussions When it was over Premier Laval with the caution of diplomacy said It is possible that the German representatives instead of coming to Paris next month as we had planned will conhe at a much earlier date Deal With Germany The official communique named the conferees and said the conver sations continued those which took place yesterday They dealt with the gravity of the financial situa tion in Germany aud with the var ious aspects of the problems arising from the increased seriousness of sir crisis Unofficially it was learned the principal efforts of the conference was to reach a common igroement as to just where Germany stands what she needs and how her needs arc to tie supplied It was reported the conferees de cided aid must be provided and that it depends principally upoa the will ingness of France to extend finan cial assistance without political guarantees The decisions reached Turn to 1nKo 4 Column OPPOSE RATE RAISE Recent weelts have been busy ones for Frederic M Sackett American ambassador to Ber lin as he has taken n lending part in the struggle to pre serve the relchs financial structure United States Will Not Be Involved in Any of Politics noon The weather bureau here an nounced thtfse maximums for yester day Forest City and Burlington 39 Estherville Sioux City Charles City Cedar Rapids Davenport Iowa City and Keokuk 98 Alta Fort Dodge Iowa Falls Marshalltown and Wa terloo 97 Omaha Albia and Du Tum to Paga 4 Column O DES MOINES July 16 national committee of farm organi zations today had instructed a sub committee to oppose increased rail road freight rates and to enlist other farm groups sympathetic in dustries and civic organizations in its campaign Ralph Snyder president cf the mother committee and chairman of the smaller group said that counsel would be employed to represent the farmers at a hearing In Washing ton at which railroads are now seek ing a 15 per cent increase on freight rates Counter Petition Snyder indicated that a counter petition asking reduced rates might bo presented to the interstate com merce commission Such action will be influenced by ndvice of counsel he said The national committee which met here yesterday also adopted resolutions reaffirming its faith in President Hoover the agricultural marketing act and the farm board Turn to racfl 4 Column NEW YORK Hat firms I late trading railroads and foreigns advance advances narrow Foreign ster ling makes partial recovery favorable German news favorable Brazil ian market CHICAGO strength in Liver pool firm cash markets FOUR KILLED AS PLANES COLLIDE Three Officers and Cadet at Brooks Field Texas Victims SAN ANTONIO July 16 Three officers and one flying cadet were killed four miles south of Brooks field today when the two planes in which they were flying collided in the air All four were on duty at Brooks field Thoy were Maj Charles V Hart flight surgeon and pilot Capt Carlos J Chamberlain of New York City Second Lieut K Austin Rogers flying instructor and Cadet Endtcott Loneaere Will Rogers CHELSEA Okla July Around big cities nowadays you read of nothing but the plight of Germany and how their finances can be saved but when you get out here in the agricultural region you read of whats hap pening at home Another drought looks like Its going to kill off the corn oats 15 cents a bushel If food Is not cheaper than it ever was then somebody is making money and it aint the farmer The farm er cant abandon the farm He aint got enough to move to town on Some of our optimistic after dinner speaking financiers of the east ought to try making a liv ing on those speeches and 35 cents a bushel wheat Yours WILL FIVE KILLED IN ACCIDENTS Many Injured Automobiles Figure in All of Five Fatalities By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The toll of accidents in Iowa Thursday stood at five dead and many injured Automobiles figured in the five fatalities The dead Robert nutb 5 Shjourney struck by auto Joe Reay Thajcr struck by truck Paul Sic Cl ure G 1 e n w o n d killed in automobile crash Kitty Wlrt Knssellvlllc Ark thrown from motorcycle Lloyd Harris Redding mo torcycleauto collision Robert Ruth was struck by the car of Alfred B Leichti as the boy was crossing the street in front of his home Sheriff Homer Beasley said charges would be filed against Leltchti Reay was struck by a truck north of Larimer as he was working on highway 169 McClure was killed and two com panions were seriously hurt when their car collided with that of F R Giles of Omaha Russell Ross Dick Gilson and BUI McClure the com panions were taken to a Council Bluffs hospital where the condition of Ross and Gilson was said to he critical Miss Wirt who was visiting Mrs Jim Miller of Redding was thrown from Lloyd Harris motorcycle Wed nesday when the machine collided with Henry Rilings car Miss Wirt and Harris died in a St Joseph Mo hospital EigHt Pound Rock Not Able to Hurt Saltwell I BRIGHTON Eng July 16 Hames Saltwell has been Joshed quite a bit He walked under a cliff along the beach and an eight pound rock fell 100 feet hit him on the head and bounced off Doctors said something about skull and sent him home WASHINGTON July 16 President Hoover today instructed Secretary Stimson to proceed to London and represent the United ALARM FELT AT RIOTING IN MANY PARTS OF REICH One Killed Several Hurt and Many Arrested by Police BERLIN July 16 reopen ing of the banks after a two day holiday and the curbing of the purchase of foreign currencies today led the German government to hopo it had averted a dangerous finan cial crisis There were no disorders connect ed with the reopening of the banks The cabinet remained in session considering Chancellor Bruenlngs trip to Paris and London At the same time alarm was felt over the spread of riots by commun ists and jobless thru a large part of the reich At least one person was Wiled a number were injured and many were arrested as police laid a heavy hand on attempts to create Internal dissension Finance Minister Dietrich and a government broadcaster announced the latest measures to instill con fidence In the economic structure of the fatherland In a nationwide broadcast last night appealing to the people to show a sporting spirit and get along somehow for a few days more No Savings Withdrawn All over the land radio listeners sat up late and heard a program that could scarcely be listed as en tertainment They heard that the banks would be open but not for withdrawals of savings that the currency had been expanded by something leas than a billion marks that the sale and purchase of for eign currencies tempprarlly would be a relehsbahlc fines and Imprisonment awaited the bootlegger of foreign money and that confiscation faced the bargain hunter who tried illegally to trade his marks for other units The vigorous admonishing voice of Herr Dietrich was heard warning against wild rumors and urging coolness and common sense Even the strongest government cant lead a nation that has lost Its nerve he said Rumors that the printing presses once more were turning out bales of marlcs were described as sheer falsehood In fact the rclchsbauk had resorted to Its legal preroga States at a meeting of heada of governments Monday The decision was communicated today to Secretary Stimson by transAtlantic telephone between the white house and the American em bassy in Paris Acting Secretary Castle of the state department talked with the secretary It was explained officially that American participation in the con ference would be on the same basis as the other premiers Position Different It was added however that the position of the United States will he different from that of the other powers since the United States will not inject itself into any political considerations of Europe The attitude which will be fol lowed by Stimson at the conference will be to maintain a friendly feel ing toward both the German and French positions but stressing the fact that one of the best things which could occur at the present time would be a settlement of the FrancoGerman divergencies To Discuss Situation The purpose of the conference will be to discuss the emergency situation confronting the nations the principal trouble lietng Ger manys economic situation American officials look to the conference to result in the formula tion of a plan to aid Germanys rc tive of meeting the currency crisis by temporarily reducing the gold coverage behind its banknotes to less than 40 per cent Dietrich said while at the same time sharply re strictingcredit to prevent money from expanding beyond the needs of industry Come to Blows It was midnight before the ad dress was finished and in many sec tions listeners were drawn away from their loudspeakers by even more ominous of disorder Police and radical ele ments came to blows in Leipzig Gel senkirchcn Inschwrte Munich Brcslau Hamburg Altona Dres den and Karlsruhe Poslbly the most serious outbreak occurred in Leipzig where commun ists fired on a police lorry and were beaten off with blackjacks 26 being arrested Advices from nearby countries In dicated that German tourists were having difficulty in getting home because of the loss of confidence in the mark covery The representation at the con ference was presumed by officials to Include Great Britain France Germany Italy Belgium and the United States How about the Deutschland over all we used to hear shnlltown TImesIScpubllcnn NOT TOO LATE You should turn to Ingo 11 and try your hand and your mind nt a set of intelllgcnco teasers This in the third set of qucn tlons presented to 85 North Iowa high school boys In n test last wcclt Keep your own score Its all in tun IOWA WEATHER Mostly fair ami continued wnrm Thursday night Friday partly cloudy and not quite so warm In north central and ex treme weat portion LOCAL STATISTICS GlobeGazette weather figures for 2i hour period ending at 8 oclock Thursday morning Maximum Wednesday 100 Minimum In Night IS At 8 A M Thursday 89 Altho the maxlmJm temperature Wednesday was 1 degree lower than on the previous day nobody could say that the backbone of the heat wave had been broken As a mat ter of fact Thursday opened as real slzzler with the mercury wen on the upper side of 90 before noon The temperature reached a maxl mum of 102 degrees during the af ternoon but by 3 oclock had dropped to 89
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