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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 8, 1928, Mason City, Iowa TWO MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THURSDAY NOV 8 1928 Presidential Succession Provision Is Uncertain Threatened Failure of Election to Name White House Occupant Occurred in 1912 and 1914 By FREDERIC J HASKIN WASHINGTON Nov during the present generation there has been a serious possibility of fail ure of the election system to result In the choice of a president and vice president On each occasion In 191Z and In 1924 the division in congress was such as to make It highly prob able that the house of representatives could not have chosen a president and quite possible that the senate could not have found a majority for a vlco president Despite these recent examples of the uncertainty of the system laid down by the constitution no serloH effort has been made tochange It In asp it does not work we have one recourse altha Us constitutionality Is fioubtful We could fall back on the succession law of 18S7 That law provides who shall act as president it the Incumbent la Incapaci tsted by removal death or disability Xelther thnt law nor the constitu tion makes nny specific provision tor a vacancy caused by failure to elect could merely nssumo that a va In tlio white house caused by no election was in offcct a vacancy lium removal death or disability Would Be Up to Congress Tlia constitution says that In the tatter the vice president be comes president and if he too is re moved dies or is disabled congress may provide for who shaU gress in 1SST provided that the secre tary of state should act as president In such un event nnd It he in turn was for nny reason unable to function the successive officials to take the place were the secretary of tho treasury the secretary of war the attorney they are certain to come up again If history goes on repeating Prior to 1887 the presidential suc cession was governed by an act of 1792 which placed the president pro tern of the senate next in line alter the vice president After him came the speaker of the house and then the chief justice of the supreme court The cabinet members did not have euch a definite place In those days And In fact the cabinet has had very little recognition In law It meets as rt cabinet only when and because the president wishes It Jefferson and Jackson did not have cabinet meet Ings at all Washington had some but included the chief justice and did not always include gen eral Hording Inaugurated the plan nsklngr the vice president to sit with the cabinet So far as law is con cerned anybody might be invited to attend cabinet meetings or any de partment head might be excluded President Wilson made short shift with Secretary of State Lansing when the latter proposed tc hold a cabinet meeting during the illness of tho pres ident and without his knowledge or presence All Cabinet Members Not Eligible Presidential eligibility is seldom considered in choosing 1 cabinet as the presidential office has never yet fallen to any one ranking below the vice president In the line of succes sion Many cabinet members have been men ineligible by birth to the presidency Secretary of the Interior Pranklin K Lane having been a re cent example He was mentioned tor the presidency before It was recalled that lie was born in Canada Had the presidential succession ever got flcwn to nim lie could not have acted crul the postmaster general the secJot coarse there has been a sen retniy of the navy and tho secretary j cas vlansor of the deatl of the interior These officials form the line of presidential succession as it is called The secretaries of agriculture com uierce and Jabcr are not Included as those offices did not exist when tho luw was enacted None of these of ficers could act as president it they not constitutionally eligible to Hie office Must Call Congress The tame htw states that if congress is not in suasion when any such cer into the acting presidency he shil summon meet within HO days Many lawyers take this to im ply that congress should at once call lor a new election but this is not stated in the statute The makers ot the constitution probably Intended tuch a course because they carefully struck out from their iirst draft the Madison had this done explain ing that the other form would pre vent filling the vacancy by an Inter mediate election Congress in 1887 may have taken it for granted that congress would calla special election i Uie remainder ot the term were long enough to justify that course Curing the 1912 campaign when Iloosevelt Tuft and Wilson ran and it seemed possible there would be no electoral majority t was equally like ly that neither house of congress would have a majority for any candi date Opinion was fairly well united on the proposition that It this occur red Secretary of State Knox would on March 4 become acting president Whether congress would have called a special election in that event no one presumed to know Many thot that const if It willed leave Knox in the executive chair for lour years And supposing congress en acted a law for a special election could not Knox have vetoed it And could Knox have appointed a secretary of state or would he still be in that placs himself and merely acting aa president No Precedent Established These and other such questions were never answered because Wilson won on electoral majority None of them answered In 1924 because Cool idge altho for a time It was thot the LaFollette third party might dead lock the electoral vote and both houses ot congresswere again very closely divided They have not en tered Into the contest this year but sth or disability cC wjtote line ot succession at sTOo when Lincoln was assas sinated thcra was a plot to kill the vico president several cabinet members also The cabinet was not then in the line of succession The murder of President Garfleld was declared by some partisans to have been a deliberate plan to get Vice President Arthur Into the white house in tho interest of a group of office seekers Garfield and Arthur represented rival leaderships in their iwrty Tliecharge of a plot was never substantiated and was undoubtedly merely the heated words of a thotlesa moment altho the assaasin of Garfield was himself a disappointed seeker af ter a minor public office may have had any mad notion in his bralnl Presidents have never given much thot to the succession laws and Cleye secre ihamjof been a re publican all his Colby Was Progressive Balnbridge last sec retary of state had been a progres sive and rather independent In poll tics Lincoln appointed four demo crats and three republicans to his first cabinet a course vigorously opposed by Seward and other republican lead ers Seward suggested that the secretary ot state himselt be made a sort supercabinet premier with direction over the other department I heads He thot the president needed a kind ot assistant president Lincoln said he would tend to the premier business himself and that whichever side he took In cabinet discussions would be tlie majority Wilson was often said to have been in fact his own secretary of state and Harrison complained that he had to do Rlaines work for him Pierce advis ed any cabinet member who had presi dential ambitions to resign The suc cession ot Jefferson Madison Mon roe and John Quincy Adams from the state portfolio to the presidency was by election but the public got tired ot that custom Nevertheless more cabinet members have come direct to the presidency than men from any other group of offices Mr Taft being the ana Mr Hoover a present candidate Many ot them had also been governors or congressmen as well as cabinet officials Van Buren und Tatt were examples ot cabinet members who had tho active support of their chiefs as their successors Itlore Charm no blemishes now TTND ERNE AT Ha clear smooth skin healthy tissues of rich rid No worry about pimples now Instead there is a certain satis faction that gives confidence All this because rich red blood Natures way of building and sustaining the body Without plenty of rich red Wood there can be no powerful men or beauti ful healthy women You know a clear cornea from within Correct the cause the pim boils eczemaand that sal low complexion will disappear Thousands have regained their strength and charm by taking a few bottles of own tonic for restoring the ap building clearing the body of BOcalled akin troubles I was troubled with pimples and blackheads X took a course of It cleared my face and back I think is wonder ful I have told many friends about and they are get ting as much benefit as I Miss Ruth Gahm 1134 Elden Los Angeles Calif All drug stores sell in two sizes Get the larger size It is more economical he great tonic 1821 a clear skin comes from within ANNOUNCING GJ MOW ISIS AIL BROILER RANGE SALE featuring UNIVERSAL INADRAWER BROILER GAS RANGE SALE UNIVERSAL InADrawer Broiler Of the many exclusive and improved features to be found on the Uni versal great est is the InADrawer Broiler At the touch of a finger the entire broiling com partment rolls out the full length of the broiler pan It eliminates stooping and is easily accessible It enables you to turn steak chops fish or toast without reaching into a hot broiling compart ment or removing the food from the broiler It is as easy and con venient to use as the cooking there is no danger of burning yourself on a hot broiling tray or from hot spattering grease A safe practical and usable broiler that makes broiling the easiest method of cookery A G AApproved Universal Ranges bear the Blue Star Seal of Approval of the testing laboratory of the American Gas Association November 10th to November 17th Inclusive THIS SALE of Gas Ranges is by far the larg est we have ever attempted The Universal line of stoves are not new in Mason City Many satisfied users can be found in Mason City thathupdreda more will take this opportunity to purchase a real stove at a great savings and at the same time get a set of dishes free Universal Gas Ranges have every modern convenience known They are a labor saving stove making work easier on the housewife The InADrawer Broiler as Greater Cooking Service To those who contemplate buying a gas stove in the near future we advise taking ad vantage of this sale If you are not ready for immediate a little down and we will hold it for future delivery Low free dishes and convenient terms should at tract many to this sale Dont put off any longer Drop in early Saturday and see these wonderful stoves For Santas Chimney35 Piece Dinner Set UNIVERSAL RANGES included In this sale Low Prices Small Compact UNIVERSAL GAS STOUE Suitable for small apartments or kitchen Standard size cooking service and oven Piece Set q Ivory With every Universal Range purchased during this sale we will give Free of Charge this beautiful thirtyfive piece dinner set of the finest quality chinaware LIBERAL ALLOW AN On Your Old Stove regardless of condition or Gas venal Model 10091 Equipped with Automatic Oven Heat Control CONUENIENT TERMS CAN BE ARRANGED Nov 10th to Nov IZth MierWolfCt North Iowas Largest Furniture Store Mason City a 2 STORES Austin Minn N3V 10th to Nov 17th
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