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LeMars Sentinel Newspaper Archive: December 30, 1890 - Page 1

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Publication: LeMars Sentinel

Location: Lemars, Iowa

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   LeMars Sentinel (Newspaper) - December 30, 1890, Lemars, Iowa                                tntxml VOL. XX, NO. 104. LEMARS, IOWA, TUESDA"Y,DECEMBEE 30, 1890. ISSUED SEMI-WEEKLY. 12.00 FEB YEAB J-H. WINCHEL (SuccKSHOK TO WILSON & McLAlN,) REAL ESTATE LOANS aod COLLECTIONS Low Intbbest for money on real estate. MoNBY PAtD OvEii 08 soon as papers are made out. No ISTEBBST DnB Until end of year. Real EsTA-te bought and sold. Money to Loan on Installment Plan on city property. BonnowEiis will save Money by deal-ng with me. Office over Diehl's Drug Store, LeMara, Iowa. 38* HOYT^ GOUDIE; -Proprietors of-- LIVERY, - FEED, ...... and Sal^Stables Kngle St, HoJsto Union Uotol. Conveyance to ai^/part o( tlio country farn-�hoil on Bhort notl^i. Terms leasonnble. Our teainB nro good road^torB and oarvohioles now and neat. * HOYT & GOUDIE. Bain & Ketcham LUMBER WAGONS, MARSEILLES AND ADAMS, HaQd and Power Shellers and Feed Hills, Star, Cliampion and Adiuiis Wind Mills. Uand and TTnderground Ftfrce }*uihp, BRSS CYLISDER PUMP. All goods W.irranted. BAILEY 8l. CO. 71*tt > Qu8 Haerling'ii old stand "ALWAYS ON TIME." There � no lino bo handBomoly equipped for througli FoBseneer Service aa "Tlie Koctli Weet. ernLine"-0., St. P., M. & O. B'y- All well posted travelers between THE Twin Cities and Chicago talce this line-unrtiou' l^rly favoring the "VoBtibolo Limited," which -oBiries the finest Bleepini; cars and ooaohee ever bnilt, and also all classes of pnsBengers, without flxtca fates. On the Lalce Soperior portion of the line, between Minneapolis, Sc. Paul and Oalath, ndSt.'I'uuland Ashlnnd, Pullman sleepers are ,W on niBlit trains and parlor care on day trains NORTH-WESTERN . Fast throagh trains are also ran between. Aliune-atioUsj^gt: Foal and Kimaos City,, via ,bioux Ci^, with I>Dllman>sleepers ihe entire distanoe, ... Paul to Omaha, Kansas City, salt Lalte, SanFran oisoo and Portland; ' Dining oars are run on all throDgh trains over this line, between Minneapolis, St. Paul and Chiengoi^Besidne being the best LINE Between these principal oities,i,the Ghioago' Northwestern system of lines.composed of,the ChicagOiSt. Paul, Minneapolis & Omahai Chicago & Northwestern, and Fremont, Ellchom (ScMis-�onri Valley Railways, (all advertised as '^'Tlta Northwestern liine"), offers the (juiolceBt means y,' '      'of reaching all cities and towns, in the territory intersected by it. In connection with the-Union ' ' Psuifio ihe C., St. P.. H. & O By., also forms a f\ j;    . throngh Une to the Pacific, coast, operated as.the i. � > $^ ^ilMks Boperior, 9t..'PaDl k Union Pooiiio Line. \'M>i 'v''-SiiX partloolars, i^ith maps and time tables, may -J-^V. A;^eVbtaSied at any statioD, or write direct to TilE NATON'S LIBRARY. o|ntjf Jewelry, Store mm IT  IS TO BE  HOUSED IN A MAGNIFICENT  BUILDING. Hero Is a Description from Our WasblnB-ton CorroBpomlont, Who Has Interviewed Mr. Paul J. Poll, tlio Archltobt WTio Dusieiicd and KInliorated the Flail;.. [Special Correspondence.] WAsnnfatON, Dec. 24.-Five or six years bonco this western republic, still an infant among nations, will possess the grandest library in the world. It is the library of congress, as it is legally known, though the national library would be a better name. The woric of building has been going on now some two years, and we see, five or six hundred feet from the Capitol, on that noble Capitpline hill the building as it will be. Which Geoi-ge Washington himself chose as the seat of empire, a vast, expanse of rising walls, derricks, hoisting machinery, heaps of material and two or three hundred worlonen flitting in and about. But already there is promise of the magnificence .to come. There is the ground plan all worked,up. The noble wall of granite, stretching away for hundreds of feet, shows the bold lines of relief which the architect has so deftly woven in. The huge coarts are shining.with their ivory white pressed brick, and giving a taste of the treatment which is to make their corners massive and enduring as the hills. The floor of the great rotunda is here, on which one imay picture in his mind's eye the stiidents and savants of the near future sitting at their studies under the magnifif�nt dome. 'Only the basement is finished now, but in its halls and corridors one may wander for an hour, at every tuni finding that which will amaze and delight in the beauty of Gothic arches, the ingenuity of the vaulted ceilings, the long perspectives, and jn the suggestio.ns of future glories of marble finish. This will be not only one of the greatest buildings in the world in size and inagnificence, but it will be the most artistic large structnre on this continent, if ^not.qnithe globe. Bobks will be'writ-ten abont it.porttolios will be filled wth drawings of its beautiful parts, architects the world over will visit and study it. Vet its artist, its creating genius, is a modest- young man, till recently unknown in the world, and not long since a draughtsman in the office of the supervising architect of the treasury, Paul J. Pelz. It 18 vrith pardonable pride that Mr. Pelz turns over a mass of drawings which' show how this idea was bom, how it was developed and perfected. The first complete designs provided for a magnificent building, aud xl- the work of evolution had stopped there all the world would have admired the result. But it did not stop, and in the light of what has followed the earlier designs seem crude indeed. For once congi-ess, which usually economizes in the wrong place, decided in favor of the best, provided the money, put a famous engineer: in charge, and in so doing builded better than it knew. This library building will be 470 feet long and 340 feet wide, with basement, three full stories and an attic. It covers nearly four acres of ground, and is sur-.ounded by a park containing three acres more. To provide tliis site a score ot the oldest houses in Washington were torn down and several streets were vacated.: It lies contiguous to Capitol park, whence ji broad driveway will load to the porte co'chere under the main approach. Jnst within IS to be the grand staircase, which the designs show is to excel in beauty all other staircases in the world, even that in the Grand Opera House, of Paris. It will be of white marble, with quiet tones of onyx for enrichment.?; Next,>.the visitor of the future willflndfistli^.greatrotunda in the center of the building. This'floor,-'built bn,the cantilever principle; ia to be the xeading room, and are called, because they consist simply of tiers of shelves, nine stories of them, each story being only 8 feet high, so that the attendants may re.nch the topmost shelves without using stepladders. These shelves will run towar'l the courts, which are surfaced with ivory white enameled bricks made in England, and costing, without import duty, 1\ cents per brick. The light reflecting power of these bricks is very great, and it is expected tho attendants will be able to read the titles of the books without artificial light even in the most remote parts of the "stacks," ^ Pneumatic tubes will convey orders for books from tlie rotunda reading room to the stucka, and tho books will be sent down by means of slides leading from the shelves to the office in the rotunda. Books will be returned to the stacks by the. same means. These two huge tiers of book shelves are to have space for some three millions of books. Other parts of the building will accommodate 1,500,000 more, and it is calculated that provision has been made for the library as it now is, 700,000 froiuraefii and 300,000 pamphlets, and for the natural and exiiected increase of 30,000 volumes a year for more than a century. If 100 years hence the National library shall have grow to the mammoth pi'oportions of 5,000,000 volumes- the gi'eatest library in the world, the National library at Paris, has now only one-half that number-another million books can be accommodated by the erection of lesser stacks in the four courts, and that, too, without interfering with the harmOny and beaiity of the plan or witli the light. This library, therefore, is built to meet all requirements which may be made upon it for considerably more than 100 years, probably for 125 years, and it is .questionable if it need ever be larger than it is. There is, or ought to be, some limit to the usefulness of a library m the direction of its capacity. It is conceivable that there are books which will not be worth keeping, and besides, as Architect Pelz points out, when the bulk iDecoines so great it will no doubt be found desirable to specialize by dividing the collection into -clivsses, such as a scientific annex, an artistic annex and so on. At any rate, posterity may be trusted to work out that problem for itself. The library i's certainly great enougli. No Other-library structure, built as such in a compact mass, approaches it in size or capacity. It is as large as the Capitol THB Af OBK, .,^mlit-will he-i .-.^Itjrth^'soitt'light 100feetii;dlam,_,.. streaming do^" .from'^^ t -t. which will pierce ita qctagpa^^lla^^ol.. a shadow or shade anywhere.-* ^ThiqS; how large thia reading room'will'bel, .One hundred- fpet in diameter, pr five,, |eet>rgw'than.-tbe'rotundfi of the Cap-' '^ibl iti?elf, aOO'^feset kin cironmferenoe, ' " >yith, accommo^tioria for two or himdJed'rea^STs/''-Tba dotneiwiU northwest coort yabd. itself in area of ground covered, though not in floor space, for the Capitol, though only four acres iu extent, has no courts within its walls. In addition to the great book stacks, the new library wU have innumerable rooms for special classes of works; consultation rooms, administrative offices, and a number of noble apartments and corridors for display of the huge collection of engravings, newspapers^, maps, musio and sketches of value which are piled mountain high in the present library, and inaccessible to the general public. Probably there will be an acre of such space in the new building, while the walls of the long corridors will be resplendent with examples of the graphic arts. The National librarj- is built of granite from Concord, N. H., and the contract amounts to $1,200,000. It is a beautiful bluish gray stone with a sparkle in it, and when raised to its height of about 100 feet, with a front of nearly 500 feet, will make an exquisite wall of color. The enameled bricks are from Leeds, England, because none of the right quality are made in America; the iron work is from New Jersey, and the common bricks, of which 25,000,000 will be used, are from the Districtof Columbia. The building is to cost, complete, $C,-000,000, It will be:finished in 1896. It is to be fireproof in^every -particular, nothing that will.burn entering into its composition, and the boilere and heating apparatus being in a separate building. Gen. Casey, the diatinguished. engineer, who won fame by, putting-the Waahingr 'ton ; monument-on.-stilts -while 'U' new foundation was packed -under'it;-is in. charge of the work;'and pledges himself not only to complete itin the time_ set, but to turn over a balance of-* the money appropriated. He is j^ssisted by Mr. D. R". Green;-an engineer and executive officer of marked genius, both aided by the architect^ fcwho?; watches every biiek. and stone go into the structure, which is to be his monument.,    V  ' . Walter Wellsian. IN MEMORY OF ALBEP^ ConcornlnB Mr. SprlnKer. . ,Di�riiifftlie^ Fiftieth congress he pre-4de^;;oy|r tho great debate on the tariflE question! Though apparently nerypua, aiid "jerky '6ri;�the floor, in. the chair Spripgerbeoomes'another.'man. He ,is mo longer tho advocate, spii-itedr^find 'partisan, but tlie grave judge, cooi; vpa-passive, steady as a clock. He would make a good speaker, and the red rose 'w^hicfi- Mrs. vSpi-inger, tho poetess, pins ,pj>6n-'!iua ^pei every morning would look weU'under.the American flag that hangs heliind the chair.'      - ,      ent to the I'rliico Consort to Ito Oponod Only Once a Voar, anil It Is a Great Privilege to Do Present. [Siieolal Correspondence.] London, Deo. 15.-"Mausoleum Day' at Windsor, comes during this month, forming a curious study for any ono who happeijs to have never seen it before, and never, wishes to see it again. The whole affiair.is an interesting example of the Wfl,y in which a thing of little or no value in itself assumes a priceless importance the moment it is supposed to be rare and/difficult to obtain. If one could only contrive to persuade xieople in general that being ducked in a horse-pond was ii unique privilege, granted only to a sejeot few, I have riot the least doubt that every horsepond in the country would ,'be alive with floundering victims forthwith. Had the mausoleum of the late prince consort been daily opened for', public inspection people would hav&got tiretll of it long ago, but as the queen has been graciously pleased to open it; only one day in the whole year-the anniversary of her husband's death-visitors flock in annually from all parts of the neighborhood by hundreds and even by thousands in spite of the difficulty of procuring tickets of admission. Iwas present one. year, , As a matter of course, on a public holiday the weather was as bad as it could be., i A damp mist, a drizzling rain imd.a: sicy as dismal as a comic paper gave quite a national character to the whbloiscene. Policemen and stage conductors looked sulky and quarrel some, misanthropical hackmen seemed to take a fiendish pleasure in scatteting the liquid inud as widely and vigorously as possible, and foot passengers eyed one mother in passing with an aggiieved md vindictive air, as if each considered ';he otherih some way to blame for the -miversal discomfort, / By the tipie we reached Y^indsor the jloom overhead had deepfined till the whole sky was as obscure {{s an explanatory note. But nothing/that the pro-rerbial English weatheMould do availed 30 damp the ardor of/hese pilgrims to ;he Meccii of Englana, some of whom as I subsequently lesaned), after tramping all the way .to /�iho mausoleum and bade through the j^hicfc, yellow, troaohy mud for. which/Windsor is so justly fa,mous,:iStotualb'. -went up-to the castle and attehded/che afteriioon service at St. George's chapel, solely in order to consecrate their prayers with the beatific vision of two fat elderly gentlemen with yellow faces, around whoso bald heads clings the halo of superstitious reverence with which conservative John Bull still contrives to regard tho Prince of Wales and.the Duke of Edinburgh, Passing across the endless procession of skeleton trees forming tho "Long Walk"-the leafless, dripping boughs of which, half seen through cold white mist, added to the dreariness of this gloomy scene-I came up to the entrance of Progmore park. The sacred gates, ordinarily closed against all profane persons not belonging to the royal household, were now throw* wide open, and through them eddied a motley crowd. But even in this madness there was a method, for the stalwart policeman who stood at the gate as ticket taker took good care that no one should pass unlicensed. As usual in such cases, the throngs that crowded to see the show were far better worth looking at than the show itself. Three or four tall young Life Guardsmen in smart new scarlet jackets, curling their trim mustaches and flourishing their dandified canes as they glanced over the crowd with an air of grand, indulgent superiority, to the boundless admiration of a bevy of red cheeked nurse girls and kitchen maids who ogled them from a distance; a scarred and sunburned color sergeant of the line (whose bronze "Kandahar rnedal" showed that he had smelled powder on fields of battle very different from a sham fight or a review), eying the '^holiday soldiers" with grim contempt as they went swaggering past him; half adozen smooth faced Eton lads in tall hats, round jackets, and broad, white "turn down" collars; laughing and talking as only schoolboys can; and evidently, enjoying themselves to the fuU in spite, of the gloomy weather; a brace of sallow,' impudent looking London shop boys, covered with a smallpox of cheap jew-, eliy, casting annihilating glances at the passing girls, and poisoning the air with ibad cigars as a convincing proof-. that .they have become "men;"' half a dozen London housemaids--down here for the day-^chattering and- giggling in a way to recall forcibly the Scriptural comparison of the laughter of; fools to "the crackling :of. thorns sundera, pot;"^ a hale;''^brisk, portly old lady (evidently the wife of some well to do Berkshire farmer)^: whose ruddy, cheery face; seen in the depths of a huge^pld fashioned.: bonnet, looked like, a- fire lighted in a cave. She was surrounded by abevy of clamorous children, and seemedquiteas ieager and talkative as any child of them rail. ' Then followed three or foui Windsor aldermen; enjoyingthenjBelves ;in; a prim, respectable, munioipal'manner,.aS; ifjconsoious that theywere.far:too great; men to manifest any-vulgar emotion like the common unofficial herd ardutf d them, After these came a miscellaneous crowd; among whom we observfid'Cas the fash-ionablfereporters'say) two] rustic'-lovers; with their hearts full-of passion and, their mouths full of pie, shedding fllakes of piecrust like rose leaves around, them as they walked. v  ^ . > | ^ These and^^similar grbwps fill .up the Vhole.extent^of tho Ijrood, flat, sloppy carriage foad'leading ^Jo^Trogm w\]pak ace, ^hioh'^has certs^ijly TiotUjng'v&'y. I P^aatial'about it.* It ;ia simply "U' PBaani one-ptoriqd country villa"Of the',or^',| , aary -type, coated with-'somo d% is harp, Solomon wth Ids scepter, Isaiah with, his scroll, ,ind, -Daniel with hisjbook of prophecj-. ^ . ' : � : "It's a fine show, aiu't it. Jack?" says one tliin, poorly dressad man to another. "Must ha' cost a sight o' monOj',' eh?''; MAyo, it's cost a sight o' money,'8uTe|: enough," growls his comrade; -"but whO; pays for it all?" "Who pays for it?"' echoes number ono, who does not appear to -be a gentlemian of very quickiiapprehonsion. : "Why, the queen, I s'pose." "And who pays the queen "then?" asks number two with significant emphasis. To. this :querj'^.- which probably strikes him -Its savoring vaguely of high treason-r-his companion replies only by glancing :;ner.vonsly over his shoulder at a tall policeman in the background, as if doubtful whether he may not be arrested ouithe spot for hav-j ing assisted at tliis impromptu "audit-' irig" of her majesty's jiwcouuts, ''Well,' TU tell yer who pays l^eir, Tom, my boy," : pursues the last ispeakepiywho is evident^: "ly bent upon SHying his tfay but, whether Ihe is listened to oivnofev -'^We pay her-^ wo pay for all. Has.iBlie any money of^ liher pwn? Not^,^e^;;,5^t6ll, thou, where ;d6e8 6116 "g^t,\t"|a}r^? %\,i K-v*: � -^Q^ Savings Accounts and Time Dejaqsits: c-? ^^/f ; ^: 7'?!^ %Rtedin ReliiM&iGbmvanies>dti^ Itatet      ! Insui'ance Effected in ReliahletQbmpani^ Monev to Loan on Real Estate on lost Favorable Terns. Correspondence or Personal lhte,fvjej|.SoJkitecl' lainl)er,.Lath, Sbingles, Pickets, Sasb, Mm Blinds, IVIouldini^s;'-u)J'd^^ STONE. HARB SOFT OQM SI^A largeand-s^ellasBort^ Btoc^>f Seaaol -;  O^g to the low price of f am jI�rodttoB   

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