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Jefferson Era Newspaper Archive: March 18, 1868 - Page 1

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   Jefferson Era (Newspaper) - March 18, 1868, Jefferson, Iowa                                 Jefferson Era.  VOLXJl^XE S.  I«  IVXJMIiiail, 40.  NEW JEFFERSON, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 18, 1868.  ibe §tiUmn  IB PfnUmiCD KVIBT  WED2^£SI)A Y EVENINa,  ■ —AT—  New Jefferson, - - Iowa, M. H. Jfc »¿rErMOTVEY.  OFFICE :—One door of Poet Office.  Terms of Subscription: $2,00 per Vear h Ad™«  Alltnpentilbtttiniiol at the explratlun of the Mm« palei for.  gttSittílSií girfitory.  jr. B. CXIXE,  nouSR Jr 8inx PAI.VTBR «nJ OUzIfr, hWano aneno CimnIT, lom. Shop opposlto tho Union IIoim  Mr. ELWOO^  PHTSICIAN it 8UR0K0.V, and PniirKlit, CnrtDlUon, III»». WlllattcndpniniptlytncalUilajrorDlKlit. 1-8  G. A. ORVIS,  PnACTICAI. WATCH MAKKK. llipalraCI.«:)«, . Walchrii, anil Jewulrjr. 8atlaSictk>n gnaran- ] t«eU Inali eaaeff. Shop Imrk of lliit Ui^pot, JelftfrMn, Ureono Co.* Iowa,  SOI. KVII, '  WnOI.RSAI.K k nKTAÌI,^)BALBR Pi DIIY OOOPS, cimhlni;. n«<it< A' 8hn«t, £ait slilii Pnhlic Sqnaro, 'Jefferson, lown. PiinrhaiM^rawill consult Ihi'lr inteteet (n cull unii mamiue the bi.it auorted and hoavlcat ilAck 1» Ureeue County.  J. VAX COIVAIV, M. I».  •CCOtSaOK TO »R, v. 1. «1$ BÉIDI.  JMIVSICIAN A SUROKON, hatln* liicated In JoITcr •m. will attcnd pniiiiptl) to ali proli wionul calla l>»lh day and llliiht. orBco lu thu l'o«t Olilo, one cloor i-utt «flhe Era building. Itealdcnuo «ith J. il. CUue.op-patito Union lloiue. liUi  Dr. fi. II. ORimMËLL,,  PHYSICIAN à 8Uim>:0N, JrlTerK)«, nruiìiio Count}-, Iowa. Will atlitnd lu all calla in tb« tilliisr or country. SiKclal attention iwild lo chninic iinil private <liii«aiu.'f. . Ol^a on th» M'wt elil« of tho Public Stpuu-o. Inl  T. J. GIBSON, ^  »EîttrST, WOUID snnomiMi tò Iha oi^iicna ofOrcTO" County, that liR !• preimrhl to peiTorm all opemtlillrf  1 Drntiilry, In tho Omco at tho of tío 8<i«aM-. -  noat recent i Mldtflico of Mr  IH'rmr Beard,  liteiyH-.  Ki)rlli.<!ait ■ll|n3  d. ;s. TOLLIVER,  ATTORNBY ATÜW, an(tOov«nnl«nt Claim Aiçont - - Careful nft^ntîon  JelTeraoi (iren to  öroono County, Io all W^l llusineiM and valid military e  prorop^jr, eoUcCted. Onico lu tli« Court Hou»«', we  •Idac  ) Publfç Square.  [30-ly.  ' WSTRlrtrtOB IbV Piano, Organ, orMoWion, and ancn, for Root i Cody, fiir thosü« of Muilcand Mualcnl liv atrnuirnU. Knonw atllio reiidencoof Jlr..Kob»rt», Kait of the Publio S.iuaro, Now Je(r«n»iii,lown.  . Tboae wuhlug inatructioiM or iuatniHieuta, am re-aiieited to call. '  Sow Jcfforwn, Sor. ^ HOT.—ätilapl*  ßWOED AND PLOW.  nos TRI aaM ix or woLFai.iii »ciun.  Tliori. wa» onc» a Count. k> Vn heard It iald— M ho felt that hb end drev ncar;  AikI he calimi Illa «ona belore hia beil, Topnrt theu bUgiKkIa and geur.  Ile calleO for hia aworl, ho called (br hU plow, That ipillant. frootl and brave ;  Tliey hrnnKht hlm lotti at their feiher'i word, And thua ho bla bleibinsa gave :  ''My nr!<t'l>om aon, my pride and might, Ih» thou niy awonl retain;  My . nttle on the lo.llv iMdc'.t, AniI ali my broajl tioiualn.  "On tliee, my wcll-bired yotinger boy, 3ly plow l herc Iwa tow,  A peaceful lifo alult thou enjoy In the «lulet Tale below." *  CoDtented mnk tha ilro to mt, .Now ali waa giren awny;  Tlie aona helil trae hia laat behett, ou thrU dylng day.  **Now teli uà wh«t came of tho Bteel of Aame, OfthecaatleanditiikMlghtl *  And teli ua what came of tho Tale so tame, And the humblo iwaaant wigbtt"  0 aak not of me what tho end may bel Aak of ti» country round I  The cattle la duat, the awonl la niat. The beight la but deaeri ground.  But the Tale apreaila wide, in the golden prìde Of (he antnmn auniiiht now;  It teenia and It ripena far and wide. And the honor abldea wltb the jpIowI  To Farmers.  Of nil the branche! of buslncn In which nicD engage, aa a means of llrelihood, none Kttfiil liiglicr than that of n farmer ; and (here  The Weotward Tendency ot Muinfaotnr-ins SnterpiiUs.  Id a conrcrsatiun with one of the Weatern delegntcd At tho recent National Cotnmercinl  Iowa Homes ioj the Hcmeless.  An impression very generally prevails that Iowa hiu no lands subject to pre emption ent-tlemcnt ¡and yearly we see thousands ryshing through our State to the trans-Missouri region iu'quest of Government laud whereon they (¡an pitch their touts of life. In doing so, they are not aware'that they arc passiiig directly by lauds which offer them the same ad-vantiifics in ercry rcspcct a8,thosc located further West.  Wo have no desire to stay the tide of liuini-graUuu and avert it from the domains of our ■ieteV State—Nebraska and Dacotah—but no do desire'to fill up out noble Commonwcnlth, and cannot-bo charged with any ofTense for .any lind every attempt' to do so:  In Northwestern Iowa, are nearly 2,000,000 acrco of land open to exeiirption or eubject to puruhase at the Government price of $1,21 per acre. Tliis can bo'purchased with money land warrants, oc'agricaltarulf scrip; or tho settler caii mora upon It, and by tlie paoteo-tlott and gift of tho Homestead Law, secure one hundred ,and sixt^"^sli'i  many mistakes. It U no unfreqncnt tiling to hear farmers, whllit In conversion with persons of other profe®lons ond calliazs say, " I am bat a poor, ignomnt farmer, and do not give much attention to this or that political, scientific, or moral question." Why talk thus r Is there any necessity for it t Of all men in the world, the'farmer Is, or might be, the most Independent. He imagines that he has has no time to devote to the cultivation of his mind, to acrjuire a knowledge of passing events, etc.; but this is a very serious mistake. We will hazard the opinion, that, take the whole year together, he has more time to sjiare from his daily avocations, than the professional or business man ; and we are perfect-willing to leave the answer to the latter classes. It may be, and doubtless Is true, that the farmer puts in many hard d.iys' work during each year ; but when his day's work Is done, he has no further cares. While he jests or sleeps, the God of Providence is going on with His unending work, causing the rain to fall, the gmin to grow, and the earth to bring forth its abimdauce ; so that, whether awake or asleep, his work is going  Not so with the professional or bn9ines.s man. When, from any eau«o ho ceases his labors, all stoiM. If the man of buBlne^^s sbuts up his store or olllcc, for miy cause, all oi>cmtion8 cease, except his great aiizluty. Ue rolls and tosses upon a sleepless pillow, thinking how ho can meet a matuiing obligation, how raise means to add to his depleted stock. How is it with the profcsctonal man t His mlud is always on the rack. If>he has busluess he is cunstaittly perplexed to know how best to manage.it, so as to gain hig point and secure to himself and fuiully a living; and if he has no business, his mind Is continually perplexed to know where bis "bread and butter is to come from." When awnlic, bis mind so absorBed or perplexed with one or the other phrase of tho subject, that he is in nu condition to store his mind with useful inior-luation ; and when the time fpr sleep arrWesi  a. U PARSONS. 8. C. UOiDt«!  pars0.\s & iioa»i..iì:y,  COSTRACTOUS AND IIUILDEItS.wili Erect llujiding«  ouContmctor aliort allw..rk1nthoirlii building, near tlio Do  Jolfcr...... li  utico. Prompt attirJillon paid to Shop in Unico i llo.idley^.....  A'pr'n U 15(17—lOyl  LAKE C'lTV IIOTEl.,  LAKK CITY, Iowa. Thia lintel la coinpIel«l and fur-nialled In (îo.«J «tyle. Tin' pni|n ictuc ia prc|«ri d lo ac-coniniiHlato Uith man and bea>*t. Chargea niiMliTiile.— Blagea leavo thia hotel lor Jeffereon, Ft. »odge, S.ic City. Sioux Clly aud ull iwIuIh Kiial, South and V eat. InS II. W. Sl'ttAol't, l'n>prleti>r.  W. B. MAYES,  ATT011NKY AT LAW, NOTAIIV PTIII.1C, AM) ItEAI; Katato Agunt, Jell'erson, (lieene Co. lowa. « Ili prac-tice in Urei'nu aiid ai|iolnliig connilea. Ali U\v and Und bualneaa pnun|illy nttemled to. Special attcnllon glven to Oollectlon», buylng and ai lling lami, «earchlng tillea, imyinK taxc», and Conviyancing. Ulllco flnh d.H.r n.jrlli of Court Ilouae, Weat eide Public Sipif 17yl _  ii. C. Kll'l'EY,  ATTOUNKY AT LAW, I.ANI) ANI.» ISSUIIASCK AgentandNotary Public, New Jefforson, Oreeue Co., lowa. WIII practico In thti court« of (In'cno and ad-Jolnlng countlea, buy and aell real ealate, |«y taxw, collect claima, aettle oalalea, mnko ont ond lundah nln atnicta of tlllo to rcal latate, ,to. Ali initrumenla o( «rllliig cnl-efully driiwn und acUnowIcilged. Ollki) Wcetoftho AmerlcJin llonBe,acnwa tlioalrcet.  IIARVEV POTTER,  ATTORN RY AT I,AW, N.)tary l'ubile, and Real Katalo ABout. onice in the Court llouhc, JelVimou, Orecuo to.  Wlil practico indreeneand aiUoInluR coniillea, In Ilio niatrict and «niireme O.mrla of Inwn. Heed« made »ud acknowledsed, landa U.UKhl liud «old,'l'axea iwlil, Tltiea to Real ililalò exiuuincil and defective onea corrected, atid ali other pmfeaalonal Iniaineaa altcndwi to pi-omidlc and accnrutely. Parllcular atteullou given to nil-ectloua. lulOin»  I. n. uowAsn, t. u. «tiii!«,  Clerk D.U.* Co.Recorder  «otary PuMIo, * Nolary Public.  HOWARD & STILES,  CONVKYANOERS. Ueeda, MorlKagi.a, Tille Ilolida, Contracta, «c. correctly dmwn '.ip and ncknowUilgiid at all houM. Alastrada ftirnialied, claima collected and remlttaucea prompllymailo. Cbarsoa rea«ou«ldo. orice Ih the Court llouae.ou Weat aide of Public Sipiare.  Jominion,aroono Co., Iowa, reli. 22, '67—Wlf  ». moxia.. nsAB.  niCKEl. & 1IEA»,  DANKKRS AND RKAIi K8TATK AGENTS, «ecoud doi.r weat of Anwrlcan llunae, Nortliweat corner Public Smnire, Jefferaou, Oreene Co., Iowa. Sight Urnftaoniiew York and Clilcago Iwught ond aold, Ue-poilu Kocclved on demand or on llnioi U. 8. Honda and lutereal Ueatlng Notea lamght und «old. U. S. Revénuo Btauipa of all deminilnatloua <ui hand and for aalo. Mutilateli Oreenhaeka and Fractional Currency laiuEbt at Refer 1« Ninth National Uauk, N. V., and nk of Chicago, 111. • 1-i",  Kooil ratea. Hflb National Ran  (kUUlT liSAD. , I>C»a«''>"  REA» & RlJSSELli.  ATTORNEYS ANI» OOUNSE1.0RS AT LAW, NOTA rlea Publio and fleneml Agenta, .lelfereon, arwuo Connty, lowa. Will pmotlce In Hreene,'Carro I, Cal. houu, Sac and lila Counlle«, In .luslfcea'. Probate, llia-trlct and Supremo Court«. Heeds, Mortgagea, Ti lo Bond«, Willa, Contracta and otlier legal iwihu-« c.iremily ami corniotly ilraw«. ' prompt iwrionnl allentlon Rhen »ocorrecllng tillea, lairtlllona of .Batatea, torecloaing MorlguBo« und all »ther biinlneaa ilitrualed ro onr care. Iluaiueaa in oihnr couutlea and Statea atleuded to through rellablo Attorney«. Onice with Jlickul .t Head, lUnkera and Lond Agent»,' Nortliwust corner Public B/giure.  J^ÜB PRINTIÎÎGS-Crear Jobs and Little Job», I.ong Jobs nnd Short Jolw, Plnln Job« and Fancy .loba, Eaay Jol* nnd Dlllleult Jolw, Cheap Jol«i aiid and *»pcn»lvo Job«, Simple Job« ml Intricato Job«, Fuimy Job« and BerlouBJoii«,Poor Job« andOood Job«, In a word, Wnilofa JrX excopla bud Job, ucalfc' und promptly «ccuteU nt Ihlg olHco.  ing the ground to him and his forever. , .  Tbcsc lands aro located In tho counties of Dickinson, Clay, Emmet, Palo Alto, O'Brien, Oceola, Lyon and Sioux. Them counti«k.are Situated in the extreme Norlh'icsUi^' portion of the Stiitc-^two counties, Sioux, and Lyon lying on the Missouri river. Although thus northerly situated, the lands are as bountiful ly blessed as any portion of lo'wa. The soil is rich, deep and IncxliaUstible. The region is well supplied with timber. The most pro-lille ylehlB of wheat that have been recorded in the agricultural history of the State, arc marked to the credit o( this Northwestern re gion. The lands are well watered, the ground high aiirt rolling, tho climate as hoaliby as mimutidu tops. The region is already dotleti with numerous lettleinents ; small towns are springing up all over it ; and the country, in every manner and means. Is rapidly develop Ing itself luto a garden.  Aside from these lands, there are also one million acres more, in the sauie region, whli are lying on either side of great ruilroud rout and which are subject to entry at the advanced price of $2,00 per aero, or can be taken «p in eighty acre tracts under the privileges of tho I'ro-emptloii or llomeslcml Jjtws. These lands have every advantage that the settler can wish—timber iibouiids in iibundauce, cof underlies large portions of »e tract, is well siiiiplied with unfailing streams of water, wiislicd on-tljo Western shore, by the Mis-sou ri. and will shortly have two railroads tramp lug through it.  In honest faith we know of no region which prosents such an army of induceinonts for sut tiers as the unimproved lands of Northwest otn Iowa. In tlmt favored corner of our bio State are Three Million acres of land which only await the coming of the husbandman tho prcBiince of the plow, tiio patient traniii of the yoked cattle, to transform them into laughing farms. Therefore, wo desire to ad vertiso to the world—  Wanted—i'birty-sevcn thoutand five hun dred farmers 1 The three million acres divid ed up Into eighty-acre traits, will furnish farms for that great number of farmers. I^t tho papers of tha State ailvertise this fact forth to tho world. Let tho news bo scaltercd. Let tho homo hunting immigrant as ho lands New York, be informed thst a froo hoii awaits him in Iowa. Let tho rent-ridden ten untry of tho Middle and Eastern States also 1)0 aiiprised of tho faci. Bend forth tho Invi tfttlon, open our gates, welcomo all who coma and by this means, if wo can settle up tliat fair portion of our Iowa heritage, wo shall thereby add at least one hundred thousand population to that portion of the Stato alone.  Wo aro iufornicd that these choice location» ore fast being taken up at tho Land Office at Sioyix City. The fact has become pretty gen-outliy known in our own State, and within tho last few weeks many men, liitlierto homeless, have made the iireliminary sti'iis, and received beyond disputo the title to a homo which their industryehall yet mako wealtliy nud bappy.—/»I«' S(aU Kojister.  A x-AwvER la always strongcBt when he is ico-blc»t.  fy-  Is no other business In which people make so I Conrentlon, your corrt^pondenl gahied much  Interesting information concerning the lirely interest felt by Western capltaliiiiii in regard to the future of manufactures and theimtab-lishment In the Western States. It Is natarol for manufacturers to find their way to the market places of the country, at or near tha commercial centres, iusteikil of to the waterfalls far away from the seaboard. Gootis are, for the most part, made cheap near fuel and railroads, to obviate the-expenses of freights, commissions, agencleit, etc., thus enabling the Eastern manufacturer to realize larger profits on the labor of every operative they employ. But Western men now urge that with tho coal and water facilities offered by nature at the West, with tho removal of the tax on manufactures, ind cheap freight facilities and cheap labor, goods can be manufactured as cheaply in the East, and that the time is not far distant when tho largo (.itlcs of the West will Iw in competition with those of the East; that the true places for manufactariug industry—those places which will be hereafter the true pl.iccs fur manufacturing Inilustry— are tho chief centres of trade ; that it is not the possession of abundant water [¡owcr, or coal, near at hand, which will determine the question, but that the question will be detor-mincd by the ailvantaKes held out by tKesu great centres of stipiily, for disposing of pro duct» when maiiufKcturcd. The hut report of the Secretary of tho Interior develops the tendency of manufacturing Industry. From a large number ot placcs, Enit and West, selected to give a {omiiarative view of the productive power of that Indiuitry In the places named, Itwiu! shown that the amount of earnings averaged by tho operatives, is less at points near waterfalls and coal mines, than at other points where steam power is tised, and coal.mines are not at hand. The average earnings of each operative In Lowell, Lawrence, Manchestir, Paterson, PitUbiirg, Philadelphia, and Heading, are considerably less when compared with the nverago earnings for those places where there is no water power, and an absence of easy access to c^. It is olyi^dalmed that in<las^-,is.mo9.  lif jUM 111 iauiiSi«,'  Not so with tho farmer. In tho spring he prepares hU ground and sows his seed, and a kind'and beneficent Providence sends tho genial shower, tha warm rays of tho sun, and irncttfies the earth, causing the sced'to germinate, grow^and ripen, and thus insure a bountiful Bupply of provisions for man atid bens^. Under such circumstances, thg farmer can l.'o down and enjoy BWQot and balmy sleep. If there be an occasioniU' wot day, he can attend to Indoor work, or. If none of this Is ncededi bo can devote his timo to tho cultivation of his mind. " In this way ho may, and wo re jtilce to know that many do, acquire a fund of useful knowledge, uiion many Important subjects. In tho winter season lie lias much time to devote to reading, writing, and other liter ary imrsuits; but not so with the Imsinefis or irofessional man. Ho ha» no wet days winter sM^ons, when his niiud is entirely relaxed ftom tho cares and perplexities of business; and, hence, has nothing like the tiiiiu and opi)ortunity to cultivate his tnlnd as the farmer. We are willing he shall talk with every professlunal or business iuit . he meets, and If nine out of ten of them > not agree with us, that the frtrmer hi« wore time for reading, wjUliig, etc., than he, wo will ac-knowiolgo that wo are mislakcn.—CMíi/ooot IJcrM.  Tho cuiiii)Ieti()n of the Paclñc Railroad It It prophesied, will tend to make the West th« great« seat If ifianufacturlng industry, as it will be ttticentre of civillntllon. Hie question tsonexif political economy.—JBoiion Cor A'rtr York Alnci..  Plain Bp««oh to MoUim.  Professor Slrapson, of BtUnbargh, who ha* hod large and long experience in the medical treatment of mothers and chlldrtn, gave a pnbllc address lately on matten of bygiune. He spoke most plainly to mothers, who send their children to the grave by ezposlDg arms and legs, while otlier parts oCthe body are warmly dressed. Uothers, he eontiauvd, commit child murder and then wonder how God could bo sat nnklnd as to take away their darling. They nut only mttrder their children irat In hb opinion commit snidde themselves, by exposing their own necks to the cold air. It was a puxalo whl:h he coold not nnder-stand, that women shoald cut off the top« of their dresses imd.appear with bare bosoms. In refined society, while that part of the dress which should protect tho heart and lungs, and other vital organs. Is trailing In the mud.  Not to speak of health at the present moment, he would remark that the exhibition of a teml-nude bust seldom approaches to the classical standard of harmonious proportions of parts and fulness of outline, and Is rarely suggestive of beauty and loveliness. The In quliltive observer feels himself quite at a loss to know tho precise line of division between the part which claims for exposure and the rest which modesty would concenJ. Tho boundary Is tco changeable. ' More ought to 1» left to tho imagination nnd less to bo con-dciimed by good taste. But if mothers and fullgrowu daughters Insist on being tho victims of fashion, chlldaen ought to be exempt from Its Insane and cruel requirements. — 11» «■  A New CunsENcr.—A proposition Is beftve Congress to call in tho notes under twenty-five ccnts, and the small coins no'w in circulation, and substitute for the whole of them, a uniform coinage ot one, two, throe, five, nnd ten-cent token coins, of tho lame material and relativo wclftht, as tho prcsiint fi'.'o-ceul nlckol coin. It Is proposed that this Coinage shall bo upon the basis of one gram in weight for each cent of represented or nominal value ; the one, two, 'three, five, and ten-cnnt coins, to he one, two, three, five, and ten grains in weight, rcspetitlveiy.' Or, If the French pram Is not an acMptiblo standard of weight, that the Troy gmin shall bo snbstUii-tti^, J^iwhlgli (»su'it lsi,l|uruj]<>sed'that  »¿igmbiar........... . ^ "  Inai Value, making tho tbreo-coni .cola tBIrty grains, tbo-five-cent coin fifty gmln^,and tho ten-cent colli one Imndrcd gnvlns.  Mr. BOlinpi on Ih* Or«w. Crows live on what they kan steal, and they will steal ennythlog that ain't tini down. The)* are fond or meat TittlM, and are the first tew hold an tnqnMt over ade* parteä horte òt R Itili sheep. They are a ta» bird tew hont, bat a iiarà one to kill ; they hon see you 2 milss Ont, and will meli • BOB right through the ^e .ot a moimtalnii.; TlMjr are not songstini, althoogh they have • good  voice to caUlváté. Imt wUt thqr do alas tber  seem to nndtn^d thorooshly ; loag .  ttss baa made them perfetL -'iW now Is»t^ bird, ànd can stand the heat like > bbKk> smith, and the cold like a stua waÛ. Thiqr' blld their i^est among a tree, and lay twice, and both eggs would haieh If they were laM In a snow bank. There aint no «och thing aa stopping a yonng crow. Cn>w» are very lengthy, I Mlere^ they live alwayi, I never kna one to die a natural dsth, and don't believe they kno how. They are always thin hs flesh, and are like an Injun mbber s^w, poor inside and out. If .they are not considered fine eating, altho' I have read somewhere or blled rrow, but still I never heard or the same man hankering for sopio blled crow more thiut wonst. This essa on.the crow Is copied from natur, and If It is true I ain't tow blame fur it ; iwtur made the crow, I didn't, but if I had I would have made hor more honester ami Just tuff enough to make soop ov.  S1.AX0 or Tiiï SroCTf ExciiAîtai!.- A /itili I* 0110 who buys stock ou spoculatioii, thinking that they will rise, so that ho can sell .it a profit. It.is Iiis Interest to have stnek-ri», and ho will roiort to every means to bthiK about tho desired result. .  i</;«>r Isono who'stlls, stock on spccttla<-tlon, thlnklDi: that thpy will fall, so that ^ con buy in for less nionay lo fill his contrait. ' It Is his iiitéré-it to break down tho market, < and ho wiil resort to tho most dc^i'ccato < means to accomplish his object. '  •■1 Cbriwr-ls when tho licars "cannot bujrW^ ' \)Orrow the stock to deliver in 'folfilmonf .'of iheir contracts. ■ . / .  A Mijmll is cameiit money, lodgetl in the" handsofnthtrdi>atty,asaguaranty;"öup'," 10 up,"'is (he language exprtsslvo ot ado-  I)OSlt. •  The cfbtivation of V'lowkks.—Klmvcrs, in all ages, have held a hiKh iilace in the csteoiu of mankind, and tho carlicat recoids of histo ry can boar witness that the cultivatiun of ruits and tluw-crs was a common practico among tho primitive inhabltnnts of tlie globo. Whether wo turn to the imperial pageants of tho I-iist, or to the barbarous feasts of tho American liiillan, wo flml that (lowers and fruit have always boon a ncee-tsary acccesory, nnd whenever tlie pure or the beautiful was c.\prci,fed in allegory or symbol, nothing better could bu Imagined than was contained In the floral world. With so tnucli reverence for the flowers themselves, it is hardly to bo wondered that their cultivation should have ro-celvcd so much attention, and few homes could bo found without some pretensions to hotilcullural decoration. In tho festivals of the CInirch, at tho marriage or dcatii, flowers have usually ho?d a conspicuous ]H>sltion, nnd while tho hearts of men arc suBCcptible to Impressions of tho beiiutifiil, it is not likely they will ever ho discarded.—CVrcu/ur (j/* the CAi'mjo Uortieullural Soadij.  . New UriES or Papbu.—On« of tho late uses of. pap.cr is its appllcstion In tho manufacturo of pails, wash-basins, ]ians spittoons, etc. and, strange as It may scemT it nevertheless is true that the aboye arlicles-as nmdo by the American Papier Mache Manufacturing Company, of Orccnpoint, L. I., from o eh iciiilly prepared jiaper—are Biijicdur in nisiiy rcsfiectn to any others ever befofo made.— The paper fnim which these artkios areiaAn-ufaoturcd is teuilcn d inii<ci'vioUB to the action water or adds ¡ the uteiisll.s can be placed in ail oven tiil water will boil in Tliem ; placcd In the sun at tho holtc.-^t h«iiiton,oi'e.<|X)iied to tiie severest coUl, witliimt the sllglitcht effcct ou them. Where wood wcmUl rot and iron rust, these articles aro unalVfct«!, and with proper uiiige would lie iis good as now. In pnils, hero is an ailvniitajic that water will uat taste of the iiiateiiiii and will never souk, and will not fall in plLcc.<. They are lighter than the wooden pail, and, being a non conductor of heut, will Ueop water cool. These artich'S are coated with vegetable coin|i(i>itlon whith, even If it docs wear iilT, does not afTcct their dut'iibllity, and does not injiii« thtm ex cept In aiipearanoe.—/Imen'oiH .irtiian.  The various reimrts presented to tho Odd Fellows' Grand Lodge nf tho United Stivtos^ show that tho order in 1807, embraced liSOO lodges, with 214,601 ineinborg, and that during tho year there were 85,021 niembcrB iiiiti. ated, and 21(54 members ilicd. The receipts for the year wero $'¿020,111, and of this $60'i-0'20 wero paid for charitable jmriioses, thcro having been 2020 brethren, and 3141 widowed families relieved by the lodges, and 21)30 mcmbore, and 130 widowed familicB relieved •by tho encaiupiuonis, which number 097, and ..liavo 84,841 members, all ot whom, however, ato also members of tho lodges. ,  When is wino like a book T WUcu H'b rod.  CiitEV JcsriOK üitASR.—One of Mr. Chnse's most iiitimato frienils, the holder of a higl Ciovcrnmeiit appointment received from him wiicu Secretary of tin; Treasury, assures mo that the country need entertain no feats for tho Chief Justico In tho present emcrg'ncy.— Ho is recently from Washington, arid knows from Ills long Intimacy with him that ho will bo just and spare not. When It became apparent that iu'iKiachmont would como, ho made all of his plans so as to bo able to resiiond promiitly to tho Senate call for Ills presence. It is true he has retained friendly personal ru-lations with tho Exocutlvo while «itl^or Bopub-llcans have long sinco dlscirded the man.— Ho hiM bœupiod middle ground, very much liko that hold by tho late Oovcrnor Andrew, who blamo<l both the executive nud legislativo branches of the Qovernnient,  This goatloinan likewise obsorvsd to me that tho Chief Justice was not so desirous of be. comitig President as is generally Bup|)0Fed.— lIe,on thp,contraty,8aid tohlm not long since, that ho should never,'permit his name to go before tlio country again, ilo would have ac-ceptoii thé Itopubllcjn nomination this time had tho country iwt preferred 'Grant to him, but in Hio futuro lie will" not bayo bU paino ass'Q'latedat all with tho Pre«ldeucy.—tbr. Chicti^o Journal. , , ■  —;'-■ lit M -  Ex-P'HiisJiiB.NTit"i.s.<iÉY, of Obcflln, oppottrod in his pulpit and p'reachcd on tlio'lstdusíant, for tho first time (jr n long while, ho having  A Good Idea.—Sovoral of our citlsens, we hear, are thinking of adopting children from, tho Suldlvrs' Orphans' Ilonio of l}»ven|>ort.— This isagommcndable'courso, and should It-be generaliy acted u|)nn tliyoughouttheBtat«, will solve the questions now agitating our ru lers as to the best policy to be pursuctl for the car« of tbciie homcli-ss children of Iowa's gal iaiit dead.. It wtmld rclicyo the State of otni Item of taxation, and, .what is more Important secure tho children better caro in pilvate fam. ilii'S than is possible in a public institution however well conducteil. would seem to 1)0 necessary to appoint a Stato Agent or guardian fur each congreceionai or sunatorial .llatrlct, whoi'e duty It should bo to reculvo annual or semi-annual reports from tho parties in whose cate the chiiiiren may bo placed anil to lice that they are projwrly cared for, educated, and in every rcspcct titled for tbi strugglo of lifo equally as well as the averages ot cUiUiron. -■//iiuiSyi.  JlCTiiomsT Si-'.vnAT Soiioot UKiati.—Tlia fiil iu,viiig le an abstract of the annual report of tho Metliodlst Eiilsixqial Sunday School Union of tho United States for tho yoar 1807 ToUl, ISOT.  171,nos l,ns3,i>'.u  a,7S7.7»4  at,'¿10  1'ho Increase of schools, ofllcttni aixl teach ors, nnd of scholars, Ikroueh greater tlian in in any previous year. The dvcroase lu con vorslons Is an la^Ucation that the spiritual growth of our Sunday Schools has not kept l>aco witli their numtrcial progress.  Tlio Incomo of the Union was $93,107 Increase of $3,677. 1'ho expenditures wero $21,808. Our treiuiury Is still In debt to tho amount of $3,473,80, owing to tho unprece dented numbor of schools whlclt applied for aid In 1860; consequently we arennabloto meet tho wants of tho work as they should bo met In those ovontful times.  Bchoola........................  Üllleera and toachen....  (V'holani......................  Vidunni» In llbniry.......  Nuuiber of umveraions  Ino. 1,41« U.SUS  102,Tao 88,18»  Doe,  H,K7t  ed.,.- S '• ■ ' ' •  SAori Is when a potson or part}- soits stocks wlión they haro nonor' and «¿iieof to biiy'or borrow'thom in tlinii to dullver, ' ' , " ' ^  toj l» whcn a ptirson or party has a pieliti-fui supply of bttokr ' " ■'*  J FSyir itio buy somcttot^ wlth a vlowto sélllng It in a few days, ntid cUher mak'e or loso. Just a» luck-wlll havo it,  A H'uaA Is a'pruteuded sala,by special agróo-ment betwocn tho seller and buyer, fòr tho purimeo of gottlng a quotation roiiorted. '  Such areonlya few of tho "slang cxprcs-slons" by which the peoplo aro diipòd. '  Tiia^iloslgn of tho propesoli Phihulel|)hlA Lincoln ìnonumoQt-has bcen ailoptvd. It is the.work ai'Bandollih llogors, tho Americait scnlptor.a|IUiiuo. The figuro Ih in a slttliig (Hwturo, an^wlll ho nino fect high ; nnd tho peiIcstiU of granite, fourteon .fejt high. In bis loft haml Mr. Lincoln holds tho Einitncl-(lation Pcocinmatlon, and In bis rìght tho IMjn wltli whIch ho has just signml It. Tho uiipor sldo pannela of the pudestal wlll bo decoratod wIth the arius of tho United States on olio side, nnd those of the city of l'Iilladol-phi on the other, In bronjio, tho corners belng HUpiiorted with Koinaii/iitm, ahio In bronto. On tho lowor corners ot tho pedestal aro four Amerlcuu eagles, supportliig Jestooni of laurei, idi lu bromo. The bronzo work .ls to lio exccutcd at tho Boyal Foundry; «t Munlch. Tho wliolo cost of tho monumont wlll bo about $80,000, of whlch tho AiuiMjlatlon hai some $26,000.  , an  buen conflned to ills house by sickness. Al-<' ty ns wo Icaru  Th» CouiNa Wav«.—All signs point to an unusual emi^-ratlon to Iowa during tho next season. . Destitution prevails to an alarmidg extent in the Eastern citioE and manufacturing districts nnd their crowded, overworked and underpaid population havii their eyes tunied to tho land of the setting sun. Tbo mossago of Got, .Stone, gave general publicity to the fact that tlw Stato of Iowa Is out of dobt, nud tbls marvel of Qnanco Is having its legitimate cflbct In tuining attention to our favored Stato. .. ■  To redn'co our arguinont <ni liomintm, as it wore, wo notioo that our looal land'agents re-|)ort a.largt Inorcasoin their corrospondenco from parlies lielKlng.a locatlpn In this county, The sKmo is truo of all tho towns in thlscoun-  ready 74 years of oge, his mlud is as vigorous. 08 Itvyiu ot 40. Ho InCprmed hUhearors that within" four or five weeks ho ha8_»rtUteii;.ovor ono ihousaud pagos ff foolscap.  Well, lot tliom-como. A' innn osn make a llylng and o^mpctcnay oa-Iowa soil, if ho «VP any wlioro, ' 41m n.o<siS» Is pluck nud per. «otcruDco.—Aiiwti a^Ü.,  Amokq tilo animáis known to have boon burned to death by the flro In Barnum's Mu-souin wero four baby llons, iwo large iionsi four leopards, a piür of fino ilengal tlgon (val-ucd at $96,000,) ono pantbor, two hyonas, two blaok beors, one whlte or polar boar, oito Ibex, a imlr of Canada lynx, a splondld Brotllllao tigor, four Afrloan porouplnes, four Austrollan kangaroos, two wblto peacooks, throo sea liwp-ards, tho lourned seal (saved from tho foriner flro,) four boa constrlcton (each 20 feot long,) ono gnu, or horned hors«, one spotted or axis doer, a flne clvet cat, and mwiy othor vaina-ble animáis ¡ nlso, tho cntlre colleotlon of monkeys, blrds, purrota, and «mailer anlmals of ali dosurlptions.  ----«» I  ouíat SiiosiloNK Fauj),—Wo wero shown by AV. II. II. Dabnoy, who has Just roturned from sevoral ycar's Journeylngs lii tho west-orn countiy—a largo pbotograph of tho Great Shoshons Falls., Thcso Kiills present a most sublimo spoctaclo,, and eclipse tho NIagam Falls in the grandour and sublimity of Its scenery. Thoy aro locatcd on Snako Biyor, at.Ovei'land Feny, ,iu Ididio Torrltory, 200 miles Noithwcst ot Sait Utko Cily. Tho holght of Iho iirlncipal Fall ih 2IQ fóot, bei?ht of chnsÁlJoIow tho Kall«, lOOO fcet—brumitli of Falls, 400 feet ; width of clmsi.i, 1000 fcot. Thuse Falls, añil tho great Siiuken Lako,aro tho greaV'st'natuml eurloiitlés of'tho western country.—; IKiii/crteí J/ai/iwiiion.  Fiyk Indios graduated nt tho Kow I'^iglnnd Femjtlo Medicai Colicgè, in. llyston/, on WoduC'sdAy. . :   

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