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Iowa City Press Citizen Newspaper Archive: March 26, 1947 - Page 1

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   Iowa City Press-Citizen (Newspaper) - March 26, 1947, Iowa City, Iowa                               STATE HISTORICAL SOCIETY IOWA CITY IUWA A NEWSPAPER FOB THE HOME iBfonnatkMi and Enjoyment For Every Member of THE FAMILY IOWA CITY PRESS-CITIZEN ESTABLISHED 1841 IOWA CITY, IOWA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, MARCH 106th YEAR IOWA WEATHER Cloudy tonight; Thursday with occasional snow. High low for last 34 hourM M and 19. To- day's reading at p. rn., St. U. 8. Wwtlwr Burwu Senate Republicans Agree Iowa Veterans ShouldIGetJfonus nm A nPi Committee HOUSE GROUP RESCUE 31 FROM 110 MEN STILL TRAPPED; HIGH TOLL FEARED Rescue Efforts at Scene of Illinois Disaster Pressed BULLETIN CENTRALIA, III. Chief Clerk 3. O. Hays of the Centralia Coal Co. re- ported at 2 p.m. today that 110 men remained trapped in a mine since Tuesday's explosion but that 31 others had been brought out alive. Eastern Snows Measure Up to 16 Inches! Near Sole Winds Blast Wide Anat; Feels Below Freezing CoW By The Aisocitted Winter weather, with snow- falls measuring 16 inches, winds of near gale velocity and below freezing tempera- ;ures, held a firm grip from the eastern Rockies to the At- .antic seaboard and south into the Carolinas and Tennessee today. The damaging wind and forms of transportation, crippled communications and closed many schools and factories In several midwest and eastern states. Today the siorm centered about 100 miles northwest of Quebec and, federal forecasters In Chicago said, moved slowly northeastward. They predicted a "slow" warming up in the midwest starting tomorrow As the strong winds and snow swept some sections of the ;ast snow and in New England today, tem- The damaging; wmu   mine official expressed belief today that 122 men had per ished in a mine explosion near here Tuesday in the heart o the southern Illinois coa fields. Of a total of 131 miners trapped by the blast, nine were brought out alive, one was brought out dead, and 14 were counted dead by that official at the bottom of the 540- foot shaft. That left 107 unaccounted foi, and the man who did the checking, Chief Electrician Fieci Hellmeyer, said HE HAD NO HOPE OF FINDING THEM ALIVE. But not all hope had been aban- doned, and rescue teams, on the lob through a freezing night, still wore trying to get through poison- ous gas and fallen timbers to save any who might have survived the fumes. Other experienced mine men at the scene shared Hellmeyer's pessi- mistic view of the situation. Elmer N. Baird, face boss, said it would take "at least until six o'clock tonight" to recover the last body because "we may have to work at the rate of 30 minutes for each 60 feet of progress." Walter J. Johnson, general superintendent of the Centralia Coal Co., operator of the mine said that at 7 a.m. about 40 rescue workers were in the mine sealing off all side entries to im- prove ventilation as possible. He said the farthest rescue crews were working a mile and a half from the shaft but that progress was slow because it was necessary to check all side entries for possible survivors or bodies be- fore sealing them. Trapped miners, Johnson said, were working in groups of about 20 in side entries as far hack in the mine as three and a half miles. Driscoll Scanlon, state mine in- spector, said no attempt would be made to remove bodies until com- plete ventilation had been restored. If none of the missing men Is found alive, this will go into the records as the nation's worst coal mine disaster in nearly 19 since 195 were killed at Mather, Pa., May 19, 1928. Ie would be the worst in Illinois since the Cher- ry mine disaster of 1909, which took 259 lives. The explosion occurred with a mbling "whoosh" at about p m. (CST) just before the day shift of 131 was about to give way for a night crew. The night men were standing around waiting for their time, and for that reason there was no shortage of rescue workers. Clouds of thick, milky gray moke curled out of the shaft, and before It faded in the cold wind ambulances, Inhalators, doctors and nurses were on the way from a radius of 50 miles and more. Anxious, grieving: families, still holding- to a thread of hope M the chin night hours passed with only nine of their men brought out prased against roped the pit head and watched ttie mercy crewa come go. Farmers Feeding Butcher Hogs to Heavier Weights WASHINGTON favorable prices and a large con- sumer demand for pork, farmers are feeding their butcher hogs to header weights than the war- time average before marketing them. A check of hog receipts at seven principal com belt markets shows hogs sold on these markets have been averaging nearly 10 pounds more per animal for scv- months than the average for the same months In the Ferguson Joins Anti-Lilienthal Forces Today WASHINGTON Senator Ferguson (R-Mich.) announced today he will vote against con- firming David E. Lilienthal as chairman of the atomic energy commission. He called the nomi- nee a "social-aristocrat" and a cru- sader for "big government." Ferguson's declaration, made in a speech from the senate floor, brought the known anti-Lilienthal list to 27. However, 49 members, or more than a majority, have told the Associated Press they plan_to support President Truman's choice for the post. Ferguson said he is convinced that Lilienthal is "one who would push big government until gov- ernment dominated the lives and property of all its people." TRUSTEESHIP MEET IGNORED Soviet Russia Has No Representative At First Session LAKE SUCCESS, K.Y. Soviet Russia ignored the opening session today of the United Na tions- trusteeship council whosi designated mission is to look af- ter the interests of the world's non-self-governing peoples. The absence of a Soviet dele- gate did not prevent the council from proceeding with immediate business. It caused concern, however, among U.N. officials already wor- ried by what appeared to be a growing trend to by-pass the or- ganization on important problems. There was no explanation from the Soviet U.N. delegation head- ed by Deputy Foreign Minister Andrei A. Gromyko. He refused to make any statement' on Russian plans. Some delegates expressed the belief that the naming of a Soviet delegate had merely been delayed and might come through later. TAX-CUT BILL WINS 1ST TEST House to Consider Measure on Take-It Or Leave-It Basis WASHINGTON Re- publican backed tax-cutting bill won its first test today when the house voted to con- sider this measure on a take-it or leave-it basis. A voice vote clamped on the no amendment rule. This action came shortly after President Truman in effect voiced opposition to the measure by cit- ing to newsmen his message to congress in January. At a treasury news conference, Secretary Snyder also was asked whether he would sdvise Mr. Tru- man to veto the bill. Snyder re- "1 am very positively opposed In thew prosperous times to having the government do defi- cit financing." Snyder added that "deficit fi- nancing is always inflationary" and that If government spend- ing exceeds Its income It will have the effects of further lift- ing prices. He said prices are already "out of lino." Representative Knutson (R- Minn.) opened house debate on the tax-slashing bill today with dec- larations that it would (A) ease the burden of little taxpayers, (B) encourage new risk ventures by business and (C) "put the axe to punitive taxes." Reds Oppose China As Inviting Power By JOHN 51. HIGHTOWER I MOSCOW Russian opposition to an American, British and French proposal that China should be one of the inviting pow- ers to a proposed German confer- ence was officially disclosed to- night. With release of a report from the council of foreign ministers deputies to the Big Four council tself on procedure for preparing the German peace treaty, a wide ariety of disagreements became fficially evident. These followed the same pattern f splits heretofore unofficially re- icrted from the deputies' meetings iver such issues as the kind of oice that should be given to all lations in treaty making and whether the German government ihouW be compelled to sign the .reaty. The peace conference report, which the deputies gave the council of foreign ministers two days ago, Paraguay Decrees End of Martial Law ASUNCION, Paraguay UP) The Paraguayan government de- creed today the lifting of martial law throughout the embattled country. Policeman Kills Wife, Wounds Son Because of Nagging PHILADELPHIA he "couldn't stand her nagging" a 35-year-old policeman shot and killed his wife and seriously wound- ed his four-year-old son, Homicide Lieut. James Kelly reported. Kelly said the husband, James G. Kehoe, telephoned police im mediately after the shooting Thursday and told them his wif> was dead. Patrick, youngest child of the couple, was taken to Frankforc hospital, with bullet wounds in th neck and the lobe of his right ear Two other children, James, 13 and Jeanne, 10, were at school. ommittee Directed to Prepare Bill DES MOINES icans in the Iowa senate agreed at a caucus today that some kind of legislation to pay a bonus to Iowa veterans of World War II should be enacted by the 1947 general assembly. The caucus directed senate military affairs com- mittee, headed by Sen. John HOUSE GROUP UPS EDUCATION BOARD OUTLAYS Proposes For S.U.I.; Boosts Funds for Hospital DES MOINES ap- propriation of for support of the eight institu- the! tions under the state board of education in the next bien- nium was recommended late P. Berg (R-Cedar by the house appro- prepare a new bill for intro- priations committee, duction soon. Counting supplementary unions deadlocked over indus- try-wide bargaining today as nervous government concilia- tors eyed the April 7 deadline for a cross-country strike. The policy committee of the Na- said: "The United Kingdom and the French delegations consider that China should be one of the convening powers of the confer- ence. The Soviet delegation dis- agrees." At the time this report was writ- ten, the United States had reserved its position on procedure. But Secretary of State Marshall told the council Tuesday night he strongly favored including China as an inviting power. Molotov earlier had agreed to Marshall's proposal for a written exchange of information on China, but said the Russian government still believed informal Big Three discussions offered a better means of dealing with the Chinese prob- lem." "I have no objection to -o your Molotov told Marshall, but he added: "Such a way of communicating information does not seem to me to be entirely satisfactory." Senate Group Puts Speaker at Succession Top WASHINGTON senate rules committee today approved egislation placing House Speaker Joseph Martin, Massachusetts Re- publican, first in line for succes- sion to the presidency. The vote was 6 to 5, with the committee dividing along party lines. Republicans supported the pro- posal. Democrats voted no. President Truman recommended more than a year ago that the speaker of the house be next in line after the vice president. Un- der present law, Secretary of State George C. Marshall would take the presidency in the event of the in- capacity of Mr. Truman. BOOK BRINGS LONDON tattered first edition of Lewis Carroll's Alice in Wonderland brought at auc- tion today. The untidy little red book, which looked as if a child had taken it to bed often, was of specia interest because the author hac written on the flyleaf to one Tom Taylor. Truman Hopes for Okay of Plan Wants Approval of Greek-Turkish Loan Program by March 31 WASHINGTON (tP) President Truman expressed hope today that congress will approve his Greek-Turkish aid pro- gram before March dead- line for British withdrawal of aid to Greece. He made that comment when asked if he favored a stop-gap loan to Greece. There has been talk in congress of making an adequate 000 loan to Greece since adminis- tration officials say that country's situation is serious. This proposal assumes that the president's program can not receive action by March 31. The president also told his weekly news conference that War- ren Austin, American representa- tive to the United Nations, will cover the whole Greece-Turkish situation In a speech Friday to the U.N. Council. At the capitol, the discussion, both formal and Informal, of the Greek-Turkish aid proposal went on in this fashion: Senator Brewster (R-Maine) told reporters the United States, in helping Greece and Turkey resist Communist aggression, should in- sist that those countries grant commercial air rights for Ameri- can air lines. HITS AT DISMISSAL. WASHINGTON UP) Presi- dent Truman declared today he did not like the practice of dis- missing a federal officeholder by cutting off funds for sal- ary. president made that cora- ment In response to news con- ference questions about con- gressional moves to bar salary appropriations for Conciliation Service Director Edgar L. War- ren and his top aides. Asked if he considered this proper procedure, Mr. Truman said that while he was a mem- ber of congress he did not like the practice generally. This country, Brewster declared, "frittered away" opportunities to expand airborne commerce and se- cure such rights when settling lend-lease. "We should not repeat the mis- take this Brewster told a reporter. The Maine senator is chairman of the war investigating commit- tee which looked into the disposal of numerous American-built war- time landing fields overseas. Hia declaration came M the sen- ate foreign relations committe turned from cabinet endorsement of the aid proposal to testlmon; from assorted witnesses, includin; former Mayor Fiorello H. La Guardia of New York, Charles G Bolte of the American Veteran committee and a representative o the Council of Amerlcan-Sovie Friendship. The Socialist party, meanwhile made public testimony prepare for the senate committee, urgin that all military aspects of the as sistance program be deleted in fa- vor of "generous loans" for relief and rehabilitation purposes only. Contending that "we are still on the down-hill road of power poli- tics that will bring us neither to democracy nor the state- ment by Harry Fleischman, na- tional secretary of the party, add- ed: "We Socialists believe that Rus- sia can be stopped without but only by a nation that enters the court of world opinion with clean hands. "A declaration of economic war- fare against Russia plus sending U.S. military missions to the re- actionary, un-democratic govern- ments of Greece and Turkey is not likely to mean peace or stop the I march of lair-Do for 3aulette Is Strike Cause By JACK SMITH LONDON An unauthoriz' d strike over Paulette Goddard's .air-do paralyzed the production f a movie today, Twelve English hair dressers ivho want no part of any foreig: abor, walked out in a pique Tues- day after hearing that Miss God- dard'a pretty head was being 'done" by a Swedish expert from Hollywood. The walkout left nearly mctors, actresses and Idle, and it was costing more than a day for London film studios, grinding: out Sir Alexander Korda's technicolor film of Oscar Wilde's "An Ideal Husband." An appeal was raiseij for an International agreement on hair- dreasers. The strikers said the Goddard locks ought to be put in shape by an Englishman, or an English- woman. Their union, the National Association of Theatrical and Kine (Cinema) Employes, said the walkout was unauthorized. The studio kept quiet and Miss God- dard remained studiously neutral. Miss Goddard left her suite In swanky Claridge'i hotel to go to the studio today, but she left her personal hair-dresser, Miss Hedvig Mljordu, behind her. Miss Mijordu, who has made a career out of "doing" Miss God- dard's hair for more than four years, entered Britain with a min- istry of labor permit to do just can't be started again 'on Korda film until the hair dressers return to work be- cause, without the hair dressew, none of the cast can be complete- ly made up. tional Federation of Telephone n it." Workers, an independent amalga- lation of unions representing more han workers, proceeded with strike plans after these snow- lalling developments: 1. Assistant Secretary of Labor John VV. Gibson went to New York to talk over the ap- proaching crisis with officials of the American Telephone Tele- graph Co., whose long distance lines would be the first to feel the shutdown. 2. The A. T. T. officials Tuesday referred to the Bell sys- tem's various operating compan- ies the N.F.T.W.'s proposal that n. bargaining; committee be named to negotiate on a nation-wide basis the union's 10 contract de- mands. These Included a weekly pay Increase. 8. The union policy commit- tee considered that action to be a rejection of Its proposal. It by turning: down "any- thing: less than system-wide bar- gaining at this stage of the game." It also rejected the of- fer of Bell Telephone companies In Ohio, New York, MirhlRan, Illinois, New Jersey and Wiscon- sin to arbitrate the wage de- mand, with certain conditions. 4. The union named a three- man committee "to explore all avenues which may now be avail- able or may hereafter be sug- gested an a means for a reason- able settlement of the 10 national bargaining Items." Members include Presiden Joseph A. Beirne, Chariman Joh J. Moran of the policy committef and John L. Crull, chairman of th national bargaining committee. Talk By Telephone After Gibson's conference wit the A. T. T. officials in 'New York, he may meet with the union committee here. He already has consulted Beirne by telephone. Federal conciliators were ousy in 30 cities, meantime, but Beirne told a news conference that up to now their efforts have been unavailing. In rejecting the arbitration plan of the various Bell companies, Beirne told reporters the policy committee had decided that: "Settlement of the wage issue will not eliminate the disputed items dealing with working con- ditions. Therefore It would not In and of Itself eliminate the possibility of a strike. "Arbitration of all or any one of the 10 national items on a lo- cal company-local union Iwsis would result In the introduc- tion of further Inequities and in- equalities." The company proposals for arbitration, besides being limited only to wages, would have required that the wage rates be compared with pay for comparable jobs in Berg announced after the meeting that no decision had been made as to how much of a bonus would be paid or how it would be financed. "That will have to be work- ed out by our he said. "In other words it was the concensus of the Republicans the senate that we must ive some recognition to our var veterans. The job has een turned over to the com- mittee and we will go to work House Votes 5 Board of Control Acts DES MOINES house >assed five more board of control lills today to run the two-day to- :al to 16. Not a dissenting vote >vas cast against any of the 16 sen- ate-approved bills. The long series of measures are :he result of a movement to assist and strengthen the board, of con- trol In its administration of the state's 15 mental, penal and wel- fare institutions. All of the bills except two now go to the governor. The two go back to the senate for concurrence in minor amendments. The key bill in the long scries was one passed Tuesday to give the board four divisional directors to help with its work. The bills passed today would: Apply board of control insti- tution fire prevention and other rules to county and private hos- pitals for the Insane. 95-0. Provide that business mana- gers of board of control Institu- tions serve at the pleasure of the board instead of the governor and that executive officers of the Institutions serve at the pleasure of the board Instead of for a four-year term. 98-0. Remove the salary ceiling of per day for inspectors of coun- ty and private hospitals for tha Insane. Transfer the law governing the Glenwood state school Into the chapter governing the Woodward hospital and school because both have largely become Institutions for the feeble-minded. 103-0. More definitely define require- ments for care, custody and edu- cation of children at the Toledo juvenile home and the Davenport orphans home. Sent back to senate by vote of 101 to 0. The house followed up by pass- ing and sending to the senate a bill proposing a S75.000 home for the governor. The funds would come from earnings on bonds held by the state treasury. The 000 would be used to build or buy and equip the home. The vote v.'as 90 to 5. that work. Production Concentrations of Geese in South Iowa Start Moving North DES MOINES geese remained at Forney's lake In Fremont county today where there were of them last week. Moving out of southern areas in Iowa along the Missouri river fly- way, the chief concentrations of blue and snow geese were near Whiting and a similarly large flock near Luton in Woodbury county. Most of these geese were in wheat and corn OTTUMWA funds supplied in addition to the regular appropriation, the amount made available to the In- stitutions for the current two-year period ending next June 30 was The board had ask- ed for the next bien- nium and Gov. Robert D. Blue had recommended The committee recommended for the University of Iowa for the next blennlum, a reduction of from the amount asked. For Iowa State college the committee recom- mended a cut ol below the amount ask- ed. Iowa State Teachers college had asked and the commit- tee recommended that amount. The state school for the blind re- quested and the commit- tee recommended upping it The school for the deaf asked and the committee recom- mended that amount. Hospital Fund Upped For the University hospital at Iowa City the committee recom- m ended AN IN- CREASE OF OVER THE AMOUNT ASKED. Committee members said the increase was recommended because the amount asked represented proposed 75 per cent capacity operations, and the committee favored capacity oper- ations. The psychopathic hospital at Iowa City had asked and the committee agreed on that amount. The bacteriological lab- oratory at Iowa City had request. ed but the committee recommended With one slight exception, the committee accepted the recom- mendations of a joint house- senate appropriations sub-com- mltteA which had worked over the askings before presenting the figures to the lull bouse committee. The full committee increased the joint sub-committee recom- mendation for the school for the blind by The full committee recommend- ed more than did the governor In every case except one. The com- mittee and the governor agreed on the amount proposed for the school for the deaf. Up Land Tax Credit The committee brought out an- other bill recommending that the annual appropriation for the agri- cultural land tax credit fund be in- creased from to 000. The has fallen far short of meeting requirements since the fund was established by the 1945 legislature. The fund ia set up to pay that portion of farmers' school district property taxes which is the result of a levy of more than 15 mills. The following listing shows cast first, the amount made availabU for board of education institutions lor the current biennium; second, amounts requested for the next nium by the board: third, the unounU recommended by the governor for tfla next biennium, finally, the recommended for the bienmum by the com- mittee: University of Iowa. P.lflT.- 000. Iowa State colics? 000. Teacher.'! college. "School for bilnd, School 'for each 'community. OMAHA Northwestern Union of Telephone Workers hsd under consideration today a pro- posal to submit to arbitration of its wage dispute with the North- western Bell Telephone Co. Under the proposal, made by the company, the governors of each ,if the five states in which Northwest- ern Bell Co. operates would be asked to appoint a representative to a board which would arbitrate union wage demands on 'he basis of "how the compary'8 rates compare with wages paid by other businesses in the same community for work requiring comparable training 8ml skill." District Manager C. 15. Gietzen said Tuesday nihlit a study show- ed Northwestern Bell as high or higher than the general community level of wages for com- pnrable work "In view of those facts the com- pany offered to renew the present contract with the he said. "The union has rejected the com- I pany's offer and now we are pro- I posme arbitration." mostly in cash, was stolen from a safe at Denney's grocery store in Ottumwa Tuesday night, police said today. The safe had been unlocked with a key kept in the cash register. WSB.OOO, deaf, Psychopathic" 000. Bacteriological laoatory, 301.630, 523.974.000. No Iowa Fishing for Dakotans, Says Law DES MOINES (-W If South Dakota doesn't let lowans hunt pheasants or ducks there, Iowa won't South Dakota sportsmen catch wall-eyed pike at Okoboji or other fishing spots. That is the main importance of the retaliation clause enacted by the Iowa legislature Tuesday, George Faul (11-Des its author, snicl today. The amendment, now signed into law rrads: "If any state by law prohib- its the Issuance of a hunting or fishini; licciifM- to residents of this state, or U any law permits the issuance of a hunting or lU'i'tise, but in so doing limits or restricts the of residents of this state mom than it limits or restricts tlw privileges of Its own residents, no hunting or fishing license, or combined hunting and fishing license, shall be Issued In this state to the residents of such state." Which means, Fiul said: "If South Dakota prohibits issuance- of a duck hunting license to residents of Iowa or the issuance of a pheasant hunt- ing permit to lowans but the lownns start the season there 10 days later than South Dakotans then the Iowa conservation com- mission shall not issue any fish- Turn to   

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