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Iowa City Press-Citizen (Newspaper) - March 10, 1947, Iowa City, Iowa .m'i v-i'j STATE HISTORICAL SOCIETY IOWA CITY IUWA A NEWSPAPER FOR THE HOME Information and Enjoyment For Every Member of THE FAMILY IOWA CITY PRESS-CITIZEN ESTABLISHED 1841 IOWA CITY, IOWA, MONDAY EVENING, MARCH 106th YEAR IOWA CITY WEATHER Mostly cloudy, no Important temperature change High and low for the last 24 42 and 20. To- reading at p. m., 39. U. 8. Weuthw Bureftti i TRUMAN WILL ADDRESS CONCRESS Senate Atomic Committee Okays Lilienthal, 8-1 SEN. BRICKER ONLY MEMBER TO VOTEW Other Nominations Also Approved; Long Senate Fight Seen WASHINGTON The senate atomic energy commit- tee today voted 8 to 1 for con- firmation of David E. Lilien- thal as chairman of the atomic energy commission. The committee also approv- ed the nominations of W. W. Waymack, L. L. Strauss. Dr. Rob- ert Bacher and Sumner T. Pike as members of the commission, and Carroll Wilson as general mana- ger. Senator Bricker (R-Ohio) cast the only vote against Lilienthal. His Ohio colleague, Senator Taft, chairman of the Republican policy committee, already had declared against the former chairman of the Tennessee valley authority. Senator Connally (D-Texas) and Vandenberg who were attending a White House voted by proxy. Now Go to Senate All the names now go to the senate floor for consideration. Connally was recorded only on the Lilienthal nomination. Chair- man Hickenlooper (R-Iowa) said the Texas senator explained he did not know enough about the other nominees to cast a vote on them. Bacher, Strauss and mack were approved by a vote of 8 to 0, with Connally abstam- confer- Plke and Wilson were approv- ed bv a vote of 6 to 2, with Connally not voting and Edwin C. Johnson (D-Colo.) opposing confirmation. Senator Hickenlooper said hi report the committees to the senate this afternoon." I To Push Matter "I shall make every effort get the matter up at the termina tion of pending business, he told reporters at the end of the 3 i minute "closed session. Earlier Senator Wherry (R Kebr) Republican whip, fore cast a delay in senate action on nominations. He told a the porter that he has made no allow legis'ative schedul the appoint ances in the for floor debate on ments until some legislation is ou of the way.- The senate is debating a pro posed constitutional amendmen setting a two-term limit on th presidency. Hickenlooper said the pnnte of the five-week hearin? will be available Thursday. Th nominations have been before th committee since January 20, bu hearings did not start until Jan uarv 27. A bitter floor fight on the ienthal nomination appeared in evitable as Senator McKellar (D long a po'itical foe of th former TVA chief, promised th damndest fight the senate Most senators appeared to be lieve that debate might run fo three weeks because both oppon ents and proponents will seek t th eve Marshall Will Push 4-Power Alliance Plan Assured of Bevin'i Support In Seeking Realization of Byrnes' Plan for Germany By JOHN M. HIGHTOWEB MOSCOW of State Marshall gave a new tmsh today to the United States proposal for a four-power al- iance against Germany, but he was assured the support of only Britain's Ernest Bevin as the foreign ministers council met in snow-mantled Moscow to consider peace treaties for [ermany and Austria. The ministers mentous session opened the mc- with little cere- mony as a snow storm swirled over ;his capital of the Russias. Foreign Minister Georges Bid- ault of France was reported to be :entatively agreeing to support he four-power pact sponsored by the United States only if it was >art of a .broad pattern to keep _-ermany impotent. He insisted that the other parts must include political separation of the Ruhr ;rom Germany, a. weak central jovernment and a low level of in- dustrial production. Marshall told correspondents he was going to press for the German disarmament and de- militarization treaty originally proposed by James F. Byrnes, his predecessor. Bevin is known to favor the Byrnes plan strong- ly- Marshall disclosed that he had stressed the importance of the pact in his stopover at Paris, but French sources said France would be able to agree to the proposal only on the conditions mentioned. The secretary of state declined to speculate on the length of the Moscow meeting. Authoritative informants said, however, that Marshall was prepared to stay here as long as necessary to make real the first two or three weeks prove pro- gress is possible. In his first news conference in the Russian capital, Marshall also reaffirmed his stand on the Pots- dam agreement as the basic policy for Germany. Meeting the press at the Moskva hotel, the secretary dls- RCSSIA LIVES TDJf TO NO-CENSOR PLEDGE NEW YORK Iff) Both United press and radio In Moscow noted today that the Soviet Union was living up to a pledge not to censor of the four-power foreign ministers' conference. John M. Hightower of the Associated Press reported that Russia "officially lifted censorship of conference copy today, and the heaviest file of unscreened stories In modern times was pouring from Moscow to the world." He said non-conference news still was being censored. The National Broadcasting Co. reported that Its correspondent, Henry C. Cassidy, Sunday spoke on "the first uncensored broadcast ever made from the Soviet Union." closed that he had Indicated to French officials during stay in Paris "the Importance of a treaty" to render Germany help- less for at least 40 years. He declined to say in answer to a question whether French For- eign Minister Bidault, whom he saw for 45 minutes this morning, and British Foreign Secretary Bevin, whom he saw, Sunday, had promised their support. Both Bidault and Bevin visited Marshall at Spasso house, home of the U.S. ambassador. The French and British leaders also have visit- ed Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov. Marshall said he expected to see Molotov prior to the opening of the conference this afternoon. The secretary of state said he had spent Sunday meeting with members of his mission. He de- clined to say what he considered the most important items to be taken up. "I have already he ex- plained, "that I take my text from the agreements of the Potsdam conference and from Mr. Byrnes Stuttgart speech." BREAD PRICES MOVE HIGHER Soaring Wheat Prices Reflected Today in Major City Stores By WILLIAM FERRIS CHICAGO wheat prices were hitting the consumer today with bread undergoing hikes in several cities throughout the country. Bread, the traditional staff of life, has been raised from a cent to three cents a loaf, in many of. the principal cities as wheat at the nation's major grain terminals brings the highest prices since 1920. An Atlanta grocery concern with several retail stores an- nounced the sharpest advance reported, a three-cent boost to 17 cents for a 24-ounce loaf. In New York, New England, Pitts- burgh, Detroit, Grand Rapids, Mich., Cleveland, Indianapolis, and Los Angeles the con- sumers already have been tagged for a cent or two more on each loaf. In Canada the wheat board raised its price of wheat for export to countries other than Great Britain five cents a bushel, effective to- day. The new price is a bushel, highest since September, 1920. Mills were scouring the country for the grain. Texas and Okla- homa mills were reported search- ing for wheat in the spring wheat territory of the northwest, while mills in that area were having dif- ficulty in obtaining the grade and quality desired. In the past seven weeks wheat has soared around 50 cents a bushel. Flour prices liave been hiked in line with the wheat ad- vance. Bread has escaped until today because bakers were using flour purchased before the cur- rent advance started. Purchases of wheat and flour by government agencies for shipment i to food deficit areas abroad were President Roxas of Philippines Escapes Injury from Grenade MANILA, Tuesday hand grenade exploded within 10 feet of President Manuel A. Roxas and other Filipino notables on a speak- ing platform in front of per- sons late Moftday night, but all except a press photographer es- caped injury. Roxas had just concluded his final speech in favor of the Ameri- can parity amendment on which a plebiscite is being held today. He was being congratulated by Brig. Gen. Carlos P. Romulo, Phil- ippines representatives to the United Nations, when the grenade was hurled by an unidentified per- son in the throng in Plaza Miran- da. Police early today detained five persons for questioning. A spokesman at Malacanan palace, the presidential resi- dence, credited Jose Avelino, president of the senate, with kicking the missile away just be- fore it exploded. Romulo said it rolled about 10 feet and struck the photograph- er in the back. Extent of his injury was not fully determined. Romulo, who was authority for the crowd estimate, said the vast throng immediately stampeded and disappeared like des- pite police efforts to cordon off the area. "I though the explosion was a firecracker until I saw blood on the photographer's said Romulo. The president's wife, son, Gerar- do, and daughter, Ruby, were on the platform. They escaped in- jury but were described as "con- siderably shaken." The grenade was thrown at p.m. onto the grandstand in Plaza Miranda, in front of historic Quiapo church. Roxas left immediately for Malacanan palace, his official resi- dence. The constitutional amendment which the president was advocat- ing provides equal economic oppor- tunities for United States citizens in the development of the Philip- pines. There has been extensive cam- paigning for and against it for the past several months, with politi- cal observers predicting that 11 would be approved. main undecided how to vote. The roll call on the Lilienthal nomination For Chairman Hickenlooper (R-Iowa) and Senators Vanden- berg Millikin Knowland Johnson (D- McMahon (D-Conn.l. Rus- sell fD-Ga.) and Connally (D- Against Senator Bricker (R- 3 Dead Following Gas Blast; Industry Hit by Shutdown BLACKWELL, Okla. was killed and two were in- jured fatally in an explosion and fire at the Cities Service Gas Co. compressor station here Sat- urday night- Serrice was shut off to indust- rial users in two states but may be restored by Tuesday. Company officials 'st'mated damage at more than Sl.000.000. considered primarily responsible by grain experts for the sharp price advance. Boxcar shortages were believed to be a contributing factor. Military Court in Belgrade Sentences 10 Nazis to Death BELGRADE CZP) A military court Sunday sentenced 10 former nazis, accused of war crimes in Yugoslavia during the German oc- cupation, to be shot to death. Three others convicted in the mass trial were sentenced from eight to 20 years' imprisonment at hard labor. All the defendants were mem- bers of the Gestapo and other nazi occupational police organizations. The prosecutor charged them with issuing directives resulting in mass shootings of civilians in Ser- bia, burning villages, plundering and mass deportations. He Opened the Door DES MOINES J. Mor- gan, owner of a dairy store, prob- ably will think twice in the future before heeding the plea, "Open the Door, Richard." Morgan had locked the door of his store and was counting the day's receipts when a man pounded on the front door. "Let me in. I want to buy bottle of the man yelled. Morgan shook his head. "Oh, come on, Richard, please open that door." the man urg-id. Morgan, smiling, opened the, door He found himself confronted wit! a revolver. The stranger escaped 1 with MINERS OPPOSE CLARK REQUEST Declare Immediate Mandate from Court Would Harm Union WASHINGTON John L Lewis and his United Mine Work era today opposed a governmen request that the supreme court is- sue immediately an order carrying out its decision of last Thursday in the coal strike case. The court upheld convictions of Lewis And the U.M.W. for disre- garding a U.S. district court order against last fall's coal strike. It sustained a fine against Lewis and reduced from to one against the union. The high tribunal directed that the original amount of the fine against the union should be reim- posed unless Lewis withdrew a no- tice to the government that the union was terminating its contract to mine coal. Lewis was ordered to with- draw the termination order with- in five days after the high court's mandate was returned to the district court. Ordinarily, it requires about 25 days for the mandate decision) to reach the court. Since the miners are under in- structions from Lewis to work only until March 81, Attorney General Clark filed with the court last week a motion to make the mandate effective im- mediately. Clark said he feared that unless this were done there might be a strike March 31. Opposing the motion, counsel for Lewis and the union filed with the supreme court a petition saying "the public interest will not in any manner be adversely affected by allowing the normal and rea- sonable time for consideration and preparation of the petition, for re- hearing." The petition said that the supreme court's opinions last Thursday "presented many di- verse and Intricate problems of law." COURT RULES: MUST BARGAIN WITH FOREMEN Supreme Court's Ruling in Dispute Is Revealed Today WASHINGTON Off) The supreme court ruled today that employers must bargain with foremen's unions. The ruling was made on an appeal by the Packard Motor Co. of Detroit from a national labor relations board deci- sion. The company contend- ed foremen were not em- ployes within the meaning of the Wagner labor relations act. Justice Jackson delivered the court's 6-to-3 decision. Justice Douglas wrote a dis- sent In which chief Justice Vln- son and Justice Burton con- curred. Justice Frankfurter dissented from the majority although not concurring entire- ly in the views Douglas express- ed for the minority. For the majority, Jackson said: "The context of the (labor re- lations) act, we think, leaves no room for a construction of the sec- tion (involved in this case) .to deny the organizational privilege to employes because they act in the interest of an employer. "Every employe from the very fact of employment in the mas- ter's business, is required to act in his interest." The question of whether fore- men have the same status as other employes under the fair labor standards act is one that has long been an issue in industry. Will Discuss 'Whole Question' of Greek Crisis, Ask for Loon WASHINGTON Truman will address con- gress Wednesday on the "whole question" of the Greek crisii and the critical situation in the Mediterranean area. Announcements of Mr. Truman's decision to go before a joint session at 1 p.m. that day were made by Senator Van- denberg (R-Mich.) and the White House after an 20-minute conference of the presi- dent and congressional leaders. From others, }t was learned that Mr. Truman will ask for a direct loan to Greece. These persona among those who talked with Mr. Truman said they expected the president Among the new labor laws currently being discussed in con- gress are proposals to exempt foremen from the law. The NLRB act guarantees work- ers the right to organize and bar- gain collectively with their em- ployers. Today's ruling was the supreme court's first on the issue. The la- bor board has deferred decisions on other foremen's cases pending this decision. The ruling was the court's in- terpretation of the intent of con- gress on the question when it pass- ed the Wagner labor relations act in 1935. LENGTHY CASE STRIKE AT END Union Accepts 'Not A Good Contract' to End 14-Month Strike RACINE, Wise. The na- tion's second oldest major strike, the 14-month-old walkout at the J I Case Co. plant, was at an end today after the U.A.W.-C.I.O. local 180 membership voted Sunday to accept what spokesman termed "not a good contract." The announced vote was 927 to 448. The union members had At Last the Secret Is Out About The Terrible Curse of the Chickcharneys Hal Digs Up the Story on How Bahama's Gremlins Almost Cost Allies the War By HAL BOYLE ritual and lived, awoke near sun-1 Natives believe that if they NASSAU Bahamas vou i set one dav and Peering through glimpse a Chickcharney and avert NASSAU, Bahamas w u you lnejr head and away> noth. want to know who really almost' scene. ]Jlg happen. But if you bump cost the allies the war. it was the Thousands of Chickcharneys I into one suddenly face to face. carrying snakes to hundreds of' there is only one way to avert the small burning pots in the beach. little British colonial gremlin's where the reptiles were cooked in evil rage. That is to press the TW O TO BE HANGED DACHAU Schrycr, en SS trooper, and Willis Fischer, a former trusty prisoner, were sen- tercel bv an American war crtmrs rourt today to Jiaie for war-time j cr.ie.ties to i
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