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National Democrat (Newspaper) - October 29, 1914, Des Moines, Iowa PAPER and Fearless to Democracy ONLY DEMOCRAT PAPER AT STATE CAPITAL JOWAS CAPITAL Butifui to Always ESTABLISHED 1899 DES MOINES IOWA THURSDAY OCTOBER 29 1914 NEW SERIES VOL Y NO 51 WEEKS NEWS Summarized for Very Busy Readers European War News The London Daily Telegraphs co respondent on the Dutch frontier re ports that the allies captured Thou out after it had been occupied by large force of Germans from Bruge A statement given out by the min Istry of war in Paris tells of Frenc successes on the right wing It says In the region to the east of Nanc between the forest of Bezange an the forest of Parroy we have assume the offensive and driven the enem across the frontier General De Wet last of the Boe generals to surrender during the Boe war of 1900 and General Beyers wh resigned as commander of the British defense forces of the Union of South Africa last month are leading an army of Boer burghers in revol against the British in the Transvaa and the Orange Free State The towi of Heilbron has been seized and offi clals made prisoners Gen Loui Botha premier of the Union of Soutl Africa has left for the front While Russia has declared uhe Ger man army to be in retreat from War saw an official statement received in London by wireless from Berlin say a battle is raging at the gates of the city and that the fortifications being bombarded by Zeppelins and aeroplanes The bombs have done great damage in the city Out of battleswept Flanders come short announcements laconic in the extreme which pieced together seem to indicate that the Germans are de feated in their desperate final effort to capture Dunkirk and Calais At the same time the combined French garrison of Toul and Nancy have fallen on the German army of Lor raine and pushed it toward Mete It appears to be a victoryfor the allies army from BelforVto the sea Five thousand Germans who crossed the Yser were either killed or taken prisoners o General von FaJkenhayn has been acting as chief o the German general staL during the illness of General von Moltke who has been sufferin from a bilious complaint General von foltkes condition is said not to be serious and he has shown consid erable improvement To the accompaniment of the boom ing of cannon of the combined Ser vianMontenegrin army desperately trying to take the city in time to save them the 24 persons accused of con spiracy in connection with the murder of Archduke and Archduchess Ferdi nan were found guilty in Serajevo of hightreason It is expected all will be ordered put to death The French recaptured Altkirch Upper Alsace at the point of the bayonet The Germans in a furious counter attack directed against the positions of the Belgian troops along the Yser succeeded In crossing the river be tween Dixmude and Nieuport forcing the Belgians to retire French troops in the Woevre region gained a signal success by securing control of one of the principal lines of communication of the Germans to ward St Mihiel Fresh German troops numbering in the neighborhood of four hundred thou sand are being hurried from Germany by way of Antwerp and Bruges to the fighting line In the vicinity of Dix inude where the full strength of the German attack is being directed against the allied line of the north Two shipyards at Ger mania and the building 30 armored lighters capable of carry ing 500 men each and traveling at the rate of nine miles an hour to proceed to the River Scheldt should events permit the landing of German troops on the coast of England Foreign Turin has been visited by an earth quake Considerable damage to prop erty Is reported No lives were lost News has been received In London of the death In action of Lord John Spencer Cavendish son of the late Lord Edward Cavendish and youngest brother of the duke of Devonshire Lord Cavendish was born In 1875 and was a major In the First life guards Official confirmation was received In Petrograd of the reported death by shooting at the hands of the German of Count Thomas Potockl a well known Polish sportsman and breeder of raco horses Failing the acceptance of the proffer of his services by King George for the war against Germany Manuel former king of Portugal has now offered the government of the republic of Portu gal to serve with the Portuguese army Washington The Japanese government bas lodged a protest with the United States government against the Ger man warship Geier being allowed to stay longer in the port of Honolulu The Geier put into Honolulu for re pairs which the Japanese protes states have already been made President Wilson has io intention at this time of calling a special ses sion of congress to precede the regu lar one in December it stated ai the White House in Washington He will consult with senate and house leaders directly after the November elections and his plans will be based on their advice Sir Cecil SpringRice British ambas sador in a formal letter to Acting Secretary of State Lansing at Wash ington asserts the intent of Grea Britain to keep on holding up Amer ican vessels at will to determine whether they are carrying contraband of war A report issued by the census bu reau at Washington shows 7610682 bales counting round as half bales ginned from the growth of 1914 to Oc tober IS as compared with 6874200 for 1912 and 7758621 for 1911 Secretary McAdoo announced at Washington that the gigantic federal reserve bank system would open on November 16 With the 12 banks thrown open more than four hundred million dollars the secretary says will be released from the mints and made available to the countrys bank ers Peace commission treaties of tbe kind negotiated between the United States and many foreign countries were spoken of by President Wilson at Pittsburgh as the means for shed ding light on disputes which will make the use of force unnecessary The president predicted that after in ternational disputes have been dis cussed for a year as provided in these treaties cannon will not be found necessary to settle them A tentative agreement was reached which the federal reserve board at Washington practically approved by which a fund of will be raised to take care of the surplus cot on crop and extend aid to the cot ton producers Personal Arriving at Johnstown Pa on his speaking tour Theodore Roosevelt was presented with a birthday cake laving fiftysix caudles prepared by confectioner on an order telegraphed by the colonels party from McKees port where he opened his speechmak ng in a snowstorm Mexican War An attempt has been made to assas sinate Gen Francisco Villa by an agent said to have been commissioned nd paid by Gen Pablo Gonzales Gen iral Carranzas stanch supporter said a message sent by Luis Aguirre Benavides General Villas first secre ary The wouldbe assassin Francis o T Mugia was executed after mak ng a confession before George C brothers the American consular agent Venustiano Carranza has submitted us resignation to the Aguas Calientes onvention His offer to relinquish lis post as supreme chief of the na ion however is conditional on the etirement to private life of Gen Francisco Villa General Carranza is willing to retire rom the presidency provided General rilla Is not instrumental in procuring is resignation He also wishes to e assured that his retirement will not mean the ascendancy of General Villa domestic The government case against J J armer Col William J Hartley and samuel Warfleld charged with de rauding book lovers out of 00 was closed in New York Ray Pfanschmldt of Quincy 111 was ouiid not guilty of the murder of his ather mother sister and a school acher Emma Kaempen a crime hich shocked Adams county over a ear ago and for which the youth on is first trial was convicted and sen enced to hang The jury after be ng out two days returned a verdict n the twelfth ballot R J Costello was killed and a sec nd is at the point of death and a bird probably fatally injured by le explosion of a new boiler which as being tested in the basement of ostello Bros undertaking rooms hicagro In spite of the official list of dead Iven out rescuers declared that at east seventynine men are known to e dead as a result of the mine dis ster at Royalton 111 One hundred nd fiftynine were rescued With her propeller tbrn loose and er superstructure battered by a eavy sea the torpedo boat Jduett mped Into the Portsmouth Va avyyards for repairs The ground ng of the Paulding In Lynnhaven oads also was reported to the navy yore FOR CQHNQILY HELPS LIONS MI mm Capt Albert Head Is Lifelong Iowa Republican Who Comes Out Against Present State Administration Because of High Taxation DEFEAT FOR HIGH TAXERS Captain Head Voted for Abraham Lincoln Is Veteran of Civil War and Was Former Speaker and Member of General Assembly Captain Albert Head of Jefferson a republican all his life and a man long prominent as a republican legislator n Iowa has espoused the fight against high taxes and state extrav agance as championed by John T Hamilton candidate for governor aptain Head declared his stand in a recent address before the Taxpay ers Alliance at Jefferson This alli ance was formed by voters of all po litical parties to fight the high taxes forced upon the state by the present administration Captain Head spoke in part as follows Owing to advanced age impaired health and hearing I have for several years refrained from participation in political affairs relying en the chosen representative as the people general ly do to manage the affairs of the State honestly faithfully and impar tially but when I discovered the au dacious Infamous oppressive unlaw I ful and unjust legislation of the 35th General Assembly in the railroading through and passage under gag rule the notorious Capitol Extension and Appropriation Bill together with the nullification of the Constitution of Iowa when Governor Clarke and the Executive Council under the pretense of adjustment or equalization con trary to the law precedent to justice summarily and without notice as sumed the prerogative themselves to reassess practically all real and per sonal property in Iowa I felt It my duty to enter my solemn protest and do all in my power to protect my property and the property of the over burdened tax payers of Iowa from confiscation and would feel myself recreant to my duty ifI shrunk from that responsibility and I desire to thank the Taxpayers Alliance for your kind invitation to address you and give me an opportunity to per form a duty which I feel as sacred as I did the duty I performed in de fense of the flag and my beloved country from 1861 to 1865 When I see the Constitution and laws of my State violated by public officials and the property and rights of the peo ple ruthlessly jeopardized by them J would be unfaithful to my duty as a citizen of Iowa if I shirked the re sponsibility Opposed to One Man Power The Governor of Iowa by reason ot his vast patronage and the expectan cy of office seekers together with the fascination of the high office has more power and influence for good or evil in Iowa than any other public func tionary or many private citizens and when this is supplemented by his having been speaker of the House of Representatives and president of the Senate and conferring favors on mem bers and Senators in the appointment of committees his influence is prac tically unlimited and as Governor Clarke has held these positions and the position of governor with hun dreds of his appointees supporting him renders him a dangerous proposi tion to contend with and unless the voters of Iowa arise in their might and grafters they have no assurance of relief from oppressive unequal un necessary and unjust taxation A Representative Democracy Our forefathers wisely established a representative democracy in which the powers of the government are divided into three separate depart ments the legislative the executive and the judicial and no person charg ed with the exercise of powers prop erly belonging to one of these de partments shall exercise any function appertaining to either of the others of Iowa Art 3 Sec 1 Notwithstanding this provision of the Constitution of Iowa I am credi tably informed Governor Clarke used his powerful influence with Senators and Representatives urging them to vote for Capitol Appropriation Bill calling them into his office by twos threes and fours soliciting their sup port of the bill addressingthe appro Senate telling them that coming gen erations would rise and call them blessed if the bill was passed While Governor Clarke would have scorned no doubt to offer legislators to vote for the bill he used an influ ence more potent than filthy lucre What makes the matter more astound ing is that the Capitol Extension Law makes Governor Clarke and the Executive Council real estate agents to purchase or coademn al the vast real estate houses churches school houses included in the New Capitol Park at any time within ten years and issue interest bearing cer toficates at 5 per cent interest if nec essary to pay for said property giv ing them power to lease remove and sell buildings and to plat and sell Governor Square Real Estate Sharks In fact it gives the Governor and Executive Council a golden opportun ity that would make C a real estate agents mouth waterand I am in formed the Executive Council have sublet the job to Des Moines real estate agents No one suspects that the Executive Council would specu late on this stupendous deal but why place temptation before the most hon orable Especially after Governor Clarke and the Executive Council leas ed Wall Lake in Wright county to F R Austin a soninlaw of a member of the Executive Council for twenty five years without consideration of value one of the most flagrant and unprecedented proceedings ever ex posed by the people and recinded by order of the attorney general on ac count of its illegality and savoring of peculation I was informed by real estate dealers in Des Moines that much of this property is being bought by the state at prices far in excess of what it could have been secured for before this law was passed Not withstanding the claims of the Gov ernor and his friends that the prop erty being purchased could be sold at a profit I am clearly of the opin ion that after the demolition and removal of the buildings it could not be sold including the real estate and what is realized from salvage and buildings at fifty cents on the dollar paid by the state and all this talk of the governor and his friends that this vast park can be sold at a profit is rotten stall stuff subtle and unwarranted by the facts to divert and deceive the taxpayers of Iowa I am informed that the executive council through their real estate agents paid 80000 for one church and 35000 for another which after removal or demolition both would not bring onefourth what the state will pay for them A real estate owner told that many properties are being bought by the agent of the executive council at double the price asked by owners prior to the passage of the Capitol Extension bill and I think an Investigation wofcld create an unsav ory scandalum magnatum which would smell to heaven The Veto Power The kingly veto power is vestedIn the governor and I do not believe anyone of the former governors of Iowa from Dodge down to Carroll iwould have signed the CapitolExten without the knowledge or approval of the people but would have vetoed it as hasty illadvised and vicious legis lation and knowing as he did the methods employed in its passage many citizens will no doubt wonder why Governor Clarke failed to veto it Would the Old War Governor Kirkwood the late Governor Larra bee or even Governor Cummins have signed the Capitol Appropriation Bill as passed by the 35th General Assembly I do not believe for a moment that they would but would have promptly vetoed it And Govern or Clarke was recreant to his duty as governor knowing as be did just how his law was drawn and clandestine ly rushed through the Assembly and he was untrue to the people when he failed to veto it Will Cost Millions and 15 Years to Finish It is estimated that it will require To ysafs Ex tension as planned and it will cost five millions and the upkeep of this park will cost from 15 to 20 thousand dollars per annum to the taxpayers of Iowa It costs Des Moines about GO000 per annum to care for her parks and the Capitol Extension will be more expensive and cannot cost less than per annum to keep all drives flower beds monuments etc And yet this immense cost of purchase fitting and upkeep running into millions was rushed through the 35th General Assembly in one day without amendment or discussion and did not consume four hours time in troth house and senate on April 8 1913 and not one taxpayer in ten thousand had ever seen or read the bill or ever heard of it as it passed but while the hands of labor were busy on the 8th of April 1913 this stupendous burden was placed on farms crops live stock and all tax able property placing a blanket mort gage for millions on every farm and home in Iowa and a blanket chattel mortgage on all personal property tangible and intangible on all live stock of all kinds together with all their increase for the next decade which mortgages are a first lien prior to all other incumbrances Des Moines Not Responsible Geis Botsford secretary of the Chamber of Commerce of Des Moines addressed a letter to John T Hamil ton Democratic candidate for govern or on Oct 3 1914 that the Capitol i Extension was never even talked by the members of the exchange or its directory board or any of its commit tees until after the bill had passed and signed by the governor and as a matter of fact knew nothing of the bill as passed and the clandestine manner of its railroading through The Register and Leader has contend ed all the time that the people of Des Moines knew nothing about it until It was passed and had nothing to do with it which was true for I was in Des Moines at the time of its passage from April 3 to April 9 1913 and I was not aware of its being before the legislature until after its passage Not one man in 10000 in Des Moines knew anything of the bill as it passed until after its passage For the love of liberty how could the taxpayers of Dubuque Clinton Davenport Keokuk Council Bluffs Sioux City Cedar Rapids Adel and other cities and towns know anything about it and would one in 100 of the taxpayers of those cities or of the 99 counties in Iowa have voted for this bill if it had been referred to them thousand noes come up from Greater Iowa In condemnation ot this lawas clandestinely rushed through at the instigation of Govern or Glarke and his confederates Holy Moses will the patriotic liberty lov ing people endorse this enormity by reelecting George W Clarke If they do I will lose my hitherto unshaken confidence In their intelligence cour age and patriotism Wind Jamming and Neglect of Duty I am informed andbelieve Gover nor Clarke has not been in his office onefourth of the time since the pass Capitol AppropriationBill but hag been listeningto his own Law and trying to make the voters believe that boards of supervisor city councils and school boards ar to blame for the high taxes becaus they did not reduce the levies He i like the little boy who did mischie in the hay mow and blamed it on th hens Laughter Although charg ed with many the Stat institutions are under his supervision he has the assessing of all railroads street cars telegraph and telephon companies sleeping cars interurba and other corporations The dutie devolving on him if properly attend ed to would require all his time bu notwithstanding the fact that he re ceives as governor 5000 Executiv Council rent total twice as much as he could comman in any other position he has bee speaking at chautauquas soldiers re unions political conventions count and state fairs and whenever h could get on the program traveling b rail auto carriage afoot and hors back through rain and snow heat an cold howling himself hoarse in prim ary compaigns and Is still pumping his bellows to the neglect of his du ties of governor for the purpose o explaining the scandateus unjust an illegal raising of the valuation of tax able property in Iowa ana else To secure reelection at th hands of an outraged people claiming a second term For the love of Pete on what does he base his claims Po neglect of duty for oppressive am unwise counsel disregard of the rights of the people who employ him unwar ranted interference with the legisla tive department in violation of th constitution and the lawful assump tion of taxing the people up to the the point of confiscation Laughte applause Unparallelled Extravagance During the past decade the state taxes have been increased over 100 per cent in 19031904 n 19131914 Hundreds of unnecessary commissions and oth er unnecessary tax eaters have been loaded upon the overburdened tax payers and during all of that time overnor Clarke has been in the leg islature lieut governor or governor of Iowa and has either supported or ailed to oppose the extravagance and lias also failed to tell the thou sands of taxpayers he has addressee during the past 18 months these start ing and undisputed facts which of tself proves Governor Clarke un worthy of a second term unfit for overnor of the great state of Iowa or anj7qther j Jegtelative executive The people of Iowa are liberal and proud of their state capital educa ional elemosinary penal and other state institutions and take supreme delight in contributing liberally to heir support but dont want to be leld up day or night by a recreant egislature or inefficient executive or unnecessary taxation They would gladly vote taxes to purchase siif ficient grounds for necessary public buildings in Des Moines but draw he line at being taxed for unneces ary pleasure grounds in Des Moinea r anywhere else Great applause Nor is This All of the Offending Governor Clarke and his sapient as ociates on the ExecutiveCouncil of vhich he is the chief juggler disre arding the constitution laws and ights of the people overrides ors boards of supervisors and un er the pretense of equalizing or ad usting the assessments on July 22 91314 practically reassessed all the arms city and town property and ive stock on all farms by raising the axable valuation as returned by the ounty auditors Raising from 25 to 0 per cent on farms city and town roperty 10 per cent work horses 47 er cent mules 50 per cent cattle 5 per cent all swine 30 per cent heep 75per cent but likely left oats unchanged agreeing with the ounty officials on the goat question Did not increase valuation on mer handise diamonds gold watches or any other personal property except the taxpayers live stock Referendum I want to say right now lest I for get It without fear of contradiction that of all the taxpayers Governor Clarke has been haranguing the past year not one in fifty take the state all over would vote to sustain and indorse the Capitol Appropriation Bill and the methods employed in Its passage and I opine Governor Clarke will find the electors hold in their caloused hands A weapon that comes down as still As snow flake does upon the sod And executes the freemans will As lightning does the will of God Applause Clarke Shuts Eyes In the heat of politics men will go to extremes The opponents are try ing to establish a sentiment against John T Hamilton by asserting that ho is not a giltedged temperance man not however charging him with the of the beverage but that upon several occasions he was caught winking at the traffic This is cer tainly an awful arraignment of John T when the party to which Gov belongs Is responsible for the mutet traffic and we find no record of where Gov Clarke ever advocated the repeal of the present mulct law or recommended the resubmission of the prohibitory constitutional amend ment So Sf Hamilton has winked at the traffic with his right eye Clark shut both his eyes to It But why Tie technical Perhaps there Is not difference between their tern perance topina blue rib Laade rfe POLITICAL JUDGE W H CANDIDATE FOR REELECTION Justice fo all without regard to Party Creed or Color POLITICAL ADVERTISEMENT NONPARTIS ANHCANDIDATEFOR r DISTRICT JUDGE POLK COUNTY ELECTION NOVEMBER 3 1914 POLITICAL ADVERTISEMENT T E VonPartisan Candidate foi District Judge JACOB HARPEL Jacob Harpel democraticcandidate or county treasurer was bprninjttie tate of Ohio When a young inaihjy ame to Iowa in the springof an older brother arm in the northern part ounty near Sheldahl or twentyeight years ame to Des Moines where ince resided Prior to corriiag foines I was assessor for Madison township and haveseryiM s deputy assessor for th ears in this city nee I bdieve I fter the
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