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Western World, The (Newspaper) - December 12, 1918, Des Moines, Iowa VOL XV MONASTERY OF MONTE CASSINO 1400 Years A Commanding of Power Majesty and Glory of tke Church hours by ml from Rome on tho line to Naples brings j you to the railway station of Monte Caseio0 A drive of a half hour up tho winding road brings you to the Bummilanil here you are at tbe famous shrine of tbe order of S edict where the Patriarch of Western MonasIIctsm UPS burled and where his sister St ScuolasUca by 1 side The glorious panorama from t mount is in Itself sufficient to rep the journey And southward sUctc es Campania broad fertile level trie spot un which Haiin ibalii leglur took a long nnd wellearned res Partner down lies the city of Xapli iwith its anitj is bay with VesuvlL rearing Its head beside It Uk Homo grhn sentinel with Pompe and all tlie littlecity of llio dea Btands for Vineyards woods a groves stretch out at your feet for hundred miles around And If th tlay a clear and your oyeslght sharp you can sco the dome of S Peter towering over everything In Ilonif Nearer lo the mount you gaze at th castta n which S Thomas Aquina was born and on that In which bJ family imprisoned him with a view ti preventing him from becoming i friar IHU U Is not for tho sake ot tin panorama vast and ihcaiULful though it IB that you are coinn to th monastery of Monto Four teen liundrrd years of ecclesiastics history cover Ue holy mount com mbncing with that day when S Ben edict arrived from Stfbfnco and chose this place for the greatest of nil nil foundations Tlie monastery is E own in Itself with its own Ordinary the Abbot with Its ninny chapols ls crypts itri spacious churches smli ery its schools of Art In all its forma workshops farmyards etc Laborare et orate is a juntto followed closelv all these centuries iby the cons or Henedict Well Indeed the ate FonlilT Tjus the Tenth say ir Ifao Apostolic letter to the Abbot ot Monte Cassino the lit Rev Grceorfo O S B on the occasion of therestoration of the crypt In 1S13 That monastery amlrl the erup tions of barbarism the overthrow of public I n slit ul Ions In tern nl discord revolt massacres md pitiless svars every ovf Jiit hnriTissed nut cmly It alybut allKuropo offered nn asylum to pence a tsure refuse ti religion and to the Pine Ar1s In lhat place the light of knowledge through the work of pious monks who In the dnrkncAs that lay thick on every side continued to shine upon the pnoples On thai SHHI the venerable sanctity of tlu Luv ilfvino mid human was guarded amUl the fearful turnmil In which with destructive violence ev Thiit inly ihal which 1Iurojie osvei ID thn monks of Mou let his lory Ihe wilmpa time nud irirKer of life tell iss lolls us alto HUH fie cvenls of Mon Casino ivnr fitted fur vea WIUi llii history of the llomii hurfh lhat three snna of lhat mo astery rawed from tin wlience i tt cloister to lhr supreme dignity of he Papacy were numbered n our p re ilo seed so re under the nanicii of Stephen IN Victor III tiud 3e Lives of great men all remind U9 We can miikc our lives sublimes And departing leave behind us Footprints on tho sands of time And in 1S1D no less a notoriety than Ernest dtenan came to the mount arnrng What did the future free thinker write His inscription IE Unum eat neccesarlum Maria op timam parten olcglt But more appropriate for the writer is the volume of admiration which tbe tjoia hand of William Ewart Glad stone indited iu a single word Florsat And Newman wrote on leaving tlie monastery in September G 1S17 words Which sliow what a Otht jwcs to the Order of H Benedict O SauctJ Montis CassJncoHis unde Anglia nostra olim saluberrirnos Calh oil cats doctrinae rivos hauslt orato pro nobls jam ex in pristium vtgorem expergtecentibus The Inscription Left in tho lilstorlo book liy another great bishop tftipan loup is not less striking 15 February 1850 Sancte Eene dlcto tonsolare puslllarjiraes genua dobilla robera dJr habitantibus Jc ruealem Ecce Deus vest en It 5s with lively interest that which A P Ozeman indited on leaving Monte Casslno April IS 1S17 Oul vous etes raiment les fils de Saint Benolt Etianger qui sastiied un Jour sous votre tolt Y irouve rounls d une sainte alliance le savior mod erne ct la vlello Et Lhospllallte vettn des anclens jours Quo le mondc eroyalt etelnte pour toujoiirs Hut in one way oven with more In rest ono looks to see what imprca slon Ufa stay In Monte Casslno left Oregon fus tlie historian 1 his talents to tbclr fullest ex cut to itecry the Vatican October IS 1859 FcrdlntmdoGre jo rev ins di EJenlnpsuerg dopo aver tudlatc quaUhe tempo In queste In ingnrj archho lascla Monte trtisslno ol sentiment dl gratitudiue Inrofonda rlverento Cardinal Von iroheniohe paid a grand tribute to Monte Casslno September 26 1S5CDo Sion exhlb t lo DKS MOINES IOWA THURSDAY DECKMUER 12 Ifll8 OUR WEEKLY ROME LETTER The League of Jeaus Christ Ancient City of Trent Liberty at Polond Plea see Pope Special Rome Correspondence Homo Commenting on the project of n French prlost of founding a League of Jesus Christ to bring lifick Christian or socalled Christian society lo the practice of religion and Llie fulfilLmem of antics Cardlna Billet Whose elevation from his Chaii In lie Gregorian University Ho die to tbo glory of thp Unman purple was due to Ii1s beingtho greatest theologian gives his views i JCroIx of Paris on the actual state of society The great Jesuit Cardinal In os not mince mailers la not a few Paris of thQ world Impiety immoral ity and irrellglon are tlie order ot the an order that leads to ruin spiritual and temporal of Individuals families whole tries Indiffer he di ine law lay m tills Gacrefl mount camo to this 3eimilny of dear country always With flood reason than dh tho Ho man pontiffa concede great honors o lhat well cekhrated hermitage of 1i Tmilages and contlnupHy had Ltti lot nt heart and In puhlic solemn doc uments with liberality in favor ana privileges Jrom remote times to our own days were desirous of attesting In n magniflceiu manner their tiffcc llon and dnvollon to S Utenedlct Wo recall only the n nines of A evrt ntter I U rlM n V Leo X XI Jtenoilic XIII and XIV A XII r wlio in the jeir IS SO on iho recurrence of tho elghleeiKli ientcnnry of tho birth of fl nonedlci being unable because of the particular elrcuniiilances of lht time to KO Jn person to MoiHe Ciis filno sent them hli Irgnlo a laterc JFfa Kminriire OanlliKil Iitni lo rnp reaenl the person of the KovcreUTi Pontiff The Visitors Bock Wo fayip int 1 eye viraor tho vast fislnhllshmrnt and Its IOIIR history lodiiy On another occasion more fipace will hi given In It Rut ilirn Is fine objflci thru Jautn nienllonil on UIK orrnstoit I e tho Visitor Hook ami thti mottcea on Us by some of the In vyhr veiled iln grateful to S Uenedltrt and o his children Let me conclude Ihls series of i logics written in lie Visitors Uoolo f the mighty Benedietlne y men of the most varied beliefs Uli that iuscribpd by Uenan when ii Monte Coasino in 1SI9 One thing 3 Mary lias loson ihe belter pir OLher Lllustrirjus records Kuch na of Charlemasne 1opo Urban e Second in of Peter leu In lOTii of KHIHUPOP fn are to be found ie Archives of Monte Casslno id in tlicbrochureivlilch was Irued IJn by Abbot Amelll OSIt frum Such is the hrlef pieture of lie it bulwark ol the whleii HOO year stands btUveen Koniu anil Napcs a comma tiding wltncsa of the silrnncth TUJWLT iiiajfbty ntu Wlirv of the Church VKIUTAS IMPORTANT WORK POSTPONED to Gods laws corruption of spi it en the part oE many of the divinely appointed guide viz the Catholic Apostolic Ro man can only lend lo one soal la face of alt this Cardinal BHlet asks Mow can 1 do otherwise than iccept your invitation Rev Father o become a member of the proponed eague Ills Eminence 03 the necessity of reforming by an active propaganda the mentality Catholics Thus wo may expect to liofore many moons have como gone a campaign no less strenu ous than any orftanized these fifty years The City of Trent Now that bo man of the seculai newspapers give so much space t tho city of Trent from a secufar pon from he preceding six volumes on tho Summa of the Angelle Doctor which were commented upon with particular care in their relation to modern studies much inoro oigbt they to rejoice at Ibo appearance of the present tract on the nature of man around which so many new er rors have accumulated through he efforts of false ecietice Archbishop Bonaventura Cerretlt to America When train fiteanun out from ttie Eternal City today bearing the Most Rev Archbishop Ccrretti Titu lar of forinih and Secretary of the S Congregation of Extraordinary EC closiastical Affairs en roue for Bal Hmore as representatlvo of the Pope at tho Jubilee celebration ot His Km Inence Cardinal Gibbons It was re marked how specially fitting the choice of Ilia Holiness for the mis sion The years passed by Ills Grace as Auditor of tbo Apostolic Delega tion at Washington as well as those In Australia as Delegate Apostolic rendered ArchbishopCorretll tnoro or less nn American or an Australian citizen Probably with the exceplion of Cardinal SbaretU and Father Lop Icler General of the O S M there Is In Home no native of this country DAWN OF PEflC Worlds Action Lies Betwo Catholic antl Christian Lines or Anarchy acd London Lines are being wr en at eleven oelocfc on the mornir of Monday November llth the mo momentous day and hour In hi torj of mankind Suddenly tho of Ixindon Is rent with tho si crack of sound bombs the maroon tlmse hideous signals that rang o only so recently as the nlghl of 1e tocofit last to warn the sleeping UK pie that death and dcslruclfon wei hovering over them in the ialr Ar isv they crash and crack on a rip id glorious armiBlli has been signed and Ihe war Is at a The trouble r of the world peace Is fled an Ignominious refuge well acquainted wllli the which English le the vern rountrles ula of vioiv it is but rlRht for this col deal with the religious sld of it Namrally the eyes ol the CathoII traveller turn Instinctively on arrtv ug at Trent at tlio old bulldinfi in hich the celebrated Kicne was held One taVes a good deal or Internet in tills ancient city with Its beautiful cathedral of Itie Ihirteentn century the palace ot Walkenslelu and Us monument to Dante but In the churcTi of S Maria where tins 255 Fathers of lltn Council of Trent sat hU interest is paramolint Here Paul HT convoked the Council in un der the provocation given by the Lutheran CalvInUi and Zwinllan her jig well as the general corrup tion of morals In tho roljrn oC tins Pope the first ten sessions were held r Ju Pope DeTers Work oT f Catechism out World nifying th Through The 1ope lui for derided posLpone liifCh ot which will the Rrcal f cutJiccctical Ihe Catholic rld The reason for ihla Is thiit w work LA so big and nf sutii a llnctly Iinvrna1lonil eliaracler tint It is considered JuUIsablo to ollow 1 1 mo for world co millions lo seltle down iJictorc the nficcstiari tlon Ifi started Including ptubably the nppnimnient of nn com ssion as In the uiso of lie Codlti lidi ttt Le Canon Law iiny cise much pnlimlnary rk such the colliicllon and rlass of texts li return in Hie 1 nt Ihe ratholli Unlvi limximi HOLY SEE EXCLUDED No Delegate from the Vatican In Participate at tht Peace Conference tiiLii Invitoil I The Coinifil cominued Lias JI and ended Its labors it pontificate of Paul IV who con firmed its decree by Uie hull leiiri of January 20 1GOI To lovers of the Csistlci of Good Counsel rwiiletue of the ErintCIliship of TrenL fram the thirteenth to the nineteenth cen tury Affords a study of the ivork nf Nome of tlm fnrcmost tho period of the Dante in Trent of cxtlp Jantti viJtcij Trent vvhUh the great Cathulir poii rueiuieii In lo XII of Qual e nuella riiJiin die nel nance Ul ina Trcuto 1AdIke percosse O JILT Iremuoln e per EesteKm m an co In theDlviiUnCommcilla the hlgli spirited exile rninarhcil How our in Ilio ljreul of In rofcroncc tu the feeling iindur Ills indy tuidMit sfiui mun hnve often cliafed htm compelled lo accept bixijiitaUty hun expelled fram his lielnved Vlor In 0ii5 on hrarlnp of the proposal to erect a nionumerit lo Dante in Trtmt ihe sludouls of the UnivcraJty of Homo directed n iiKinifsto to those of all Ihe universities of iKily fur hulj striptlonsi to make the project a suc cess Tho result a mamiltlcont mouumeiiL jf mil surmoiiutd a statue of iho Ilorontlne liCtcon tcit hlffli MIC voTh i nnctihrr line on the face or all the loftiness if thiput IM Arcbbisliop Cerrettl The Holy Father to Warsaw Warsaw like Tara nveare the halo ot patriotism for all who are not slaves nence lae pleasure felt on idinff that message from Paris ich teJIs of J diet XV to Monsignor Kakoskl Arch of Warsaw rejoicing with HI Irace In tlio llhcpty of rolanrj and nformlng him of his Intention of ron tlue time as a mark of his love Tor ilthful SoWeskla land Beyond the iC3Fapo from Paris no other source In tli3 Roman press mention i any thing ot the Pope3 Intention u may be said hero that no date has been fixed for the expected Consistory though it has licen stated in several papers that the twelfth ut December had been determined upon as the date for this important ceremony The determination depends on clr tanccs on which a forecast can not Ue made Notes At tho Eolemn requiem held on the 5th inst for the soul of Plus X as I as at that held on tho tii liiKt for the ropoae of the souls of tlie dlnals who illed during the past vcar viz Cardinal MerlfneUI Sorallnl Prefect of anil Cardinal Farley Archbishop of New York Monafencr IVrosl comlucled Slfitincchoir with nil his old brJl laney 1upe IJenedlct ibc abso ins on hoth occasionti ho Eioly lather has nominated Cardinal Sliarclli of the canllmils Uie Hesnatnra ami Cardinal Scnp icMi one of those ot tin S Consistor VKJUTAS RESIDENT TO VISIT VATICAN nd tho shadow lhat rested over Llizalton Is liftedhumanily TR free And Tvilti the cracking of ihe im roons the vbistle of sirens on th ships In the docfcs and rivers rise oc Kio air the church bolls al on sudden ring out with frenzy an above even these sounds of tho ne Joy that has come to the world are l be heard Lnefihmit sandcheera of men of women and chtldreju The ended and the day of peace hat dawned There is not a house IE this Areat London but has sent fa t ind Mr nted Audie Wilson ce While brother or son to the war and the day of reunion I hand It Is eleven oclock on Monday No ventber llth 1318 tho dayand ttu liour of Marshal Foch Genera is si me f the Allied armies The hour of the triumph of Right over1 Might the eu preme moment when Christianity in the person of a Catholic crushed tho that was the world the foltowor of Luther That the conclusion of an armis tice would followimmetHately on tbe news nf the abdication of the Latft Kaiser was a foregone certainly and late on the evening preceding tills momentous daythe Cardinal Arch bishop of Westminster issued au In junction to tbo clergy of tho archdio cese in lie injunction Cardinal me s lining that pnijers in tomporo liLlli ivhleh have been daily Haiti In ever Mass for four cars or more should now cesse and give place to other supplications in batnionv the changed oventa whicli deuce of Cod lias so worulcrtully vouchHufed to us We enjoin thcre fore that in every church In our dio cese a votive mass of Thanksgiving lie iilihrated as KOOII ns nnd lhat until flintier notice tlm uniy crii lo iiupluro Ihe pmcc of the llolv Jltr throughout tho Germnn occupation and have been a great source ot coa solalion to Ihe prisoners there Sis ler Mario Antoirip had charge cf the womens side of the prison In which Caplain Fryatt was confined had no opportunity ot speaking to Captain Frjatt but saw him go forth o his trial and presently return it ippeara that Captain Fryatt was t ak in hack to hfe cell without heing olil the verdict that Lad been passed ipon him Later two ofllcors came to conduct him to his exccuiion When ie heard his fate be asked permis sion to write his wife which was ac corded Je was then marched out jetween the tivo oftlcerd Wbat fol owed Sister Olarle Antoine Tierselt ouchft for Having arrived In the middle of the court leading to the outer gale the oflicers stopped and csrau laughing They laughed long ind loud rucking from side to side aplaln Fryatl stood upright between htiii quile calm and pale his hanging straight down by his s Ciernian warder afterwards Sister Marie Antoine that Capita ryatt behaved like ahero and J altered This warder was cub luently sent away for refusing late on oath that Captain Fryatl orr dying had confeFeeJ that was just The death Is announced of Path Valter Phillip Montague S J v eumbed to wounds received in a loa on October 31et Father M who was thlrtytwa years of the fifth son of Mr R A C M e ot Cromore Port Stewart Lo onderry and u great grandson at I Right Hoc Lorl Robert Montague ECHOES FROM THE NATIONAL CAPITAL Appeals to Free olic Army and Navy Officer Prominent at Peace Conference By Stanton Lawlon PRAYERS FOR JUST PEACE ope Benedicts Letter Asks Pub Prayers and Thanksgivings and Hope of the Future The encyclical letter addressed I ope Ifenedlct to the Catholic episc ate throughout the world exhoitln iffer public prayers for the gul ice by Providence ot lie approac S peace conference bears the In 1 It cays TJiat which ihe entire world b g sighed for lhat wlikh Christla Implored with fervent iprayct 1 that we interpreting Ihe comtiu ieT urged with paternal heart t good of all has In a mome cto pass ns the last booming i c guns is silenced Peace lias ni titemnJy ended thi war hut n rf 11 c c ni o a n whl I e has sue pen de flaUKhUr and 1 nnd air happily 00 en in Iope allrlliutes the ml of th o Kim ivlio governs nil events iiovtd to pUy by tiie perseve g pniypcs of tho gmnj conceded t IlKit lutmaniiy might ntovt illy from so many Drifts ho IonUff rcJoiccK U the imprrs deinonslratioii of piety that Ii if tin stue uf ihe nd r the Ujr rld in the n It Abbot Jansena Latest Work hat wo nil erf ul literary energy riictTiitlc uf tin Ab hot Jsuififii O s EJ has LUntiicDt rk Horn of which arc n for ihe nnK disliiy fo con In roi piihlk Abbot Ja leave or iniiotincfll s stay nt t e Vatic cclciin sident anil Mrs Wil iicstK tin Jtliiff iKonu1 PRESIDENT AND WSGR CERRI Oelerjate from the Pope To Aw rrival of President Wilson in London N stnlid in Viitlijm t Ornitl the puil ot stiitf ivill I lie arriial Mcm VilsMi in t him for his Usll t iho itnnift w Mit of Kcho Ijiriri AS iii IKI oIiKCuIi IM nflVr e inlervlrw Wllson anil lo v u it linpnrliuici ultnhcil OF CHILDREN bringing nm or rrivim fro est Wa Gods nts Children On o Dally Ask itllintt l his an Impnrt m f tho iHilicicA or Hint must follow on of iu ul the Almighty world a just iul I tlie lie the to nil who omy thn course irdiiial llounir JSIJH en ha whn ha when t fieri Is mlii evil dno apfenowltn he n1 li I Elitu ho o implore the Al ian principle tf j The Mr Of Jit Hov Thomas J roctor of the Catholic University appealed Iresident Wilson in Llie ntimo ot its great cducatfouat institution afik ig him that he USD his influence at ihe peace conference to obtain lor Ireland In common wiLh other sub ject nations the right ol selCdeter ination A similar appeal signed by the at nrs ot the Irish Societies of the National Cniiital was taken to White ilio use by acommittee It ofcoe the opinion of a public meet riig held by representatives ot the Irish Societies that tho American na tion through its President has a unique opportunity lo enforce this fundamental principle for tie free dom or Ireland at the coming peace table and the President Is petitioned use his good offices to that end A resolution was presenteO to Pres ident WilGon before sailed for tie ieace conference nsXfug jjEirdelor uiuatlnn of Ireland as a decision t the peace conference to be atrlcliy observed by all jiatioas party to It which was adopted by the National Uonril of thi Ancient Order of Hi bernians and Ladles Auxiliary at in executive sefcsloii held nt tho IU Jeijjh Hint11 in last resolution was signed by all itioaal ofTItera and roatl as fol the Ancient Order ot Ilbernians and Ladles Auxiliary rep cscntiiiir a membership ot uid speaking for two anil onehalf nlllion of tlie Irish race in America citizens of this great republic let in tbe city of WnEAfngton his second day ot December 1918 Pie purpose of readirmlug the irlnclples ot Uie Hibernian organtra i America and extending to he President of this Republic an ap of his magnificent inter ot World Democcacy which will personally expound at the ce d Present in htatesitiuinHlie war utterances repeatedly declared set territorial apgrandise iciil economic and political control the consent ol the jjovenicxl has with the same wlsoni and i UfHlatcd for the right of all na and small ui deler 1 tliur iiivii fiimi of frovernruent ii file oliiesl i smil nvilizaiioittf in nurope Ifwi held in utivi filing bunilaaiJ rlffhts wbieli IrtiMilinit wlisoii rmy nnd Na nt nt Co y Offic ference ENVOYS BACK HOME ch Prelates Relurn from Gibbons Jubile
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