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Cedar Rapids Tribune (Newspaper) - September 22, 1922, Cedar Rapids, Iowa "A Neivipaper Without a Muzzle" VOLUME XIX OEDAB RAPIDS, SEPTEMBER 22, 1922 NUMBER 4G UNION-BREAKING IS ROAD TO NATIONAL RUIN SAYS "TEDDY" Assistant Secretary Of Navy Declares Country's Prosperity Depends On Growth Of Labor Move- ment And Its Recognition By Employers; "Open Shoppers" Breed Anarchy And Bolshevism "Jlolslicvisin is- nut. thn only mischievous economic movcim-nl I Unit is nbroail in this enmitry. Tlicrc Is miothcr ivliich is fiiwl- inp many biiiiporters mid which Is nlTiHtstJis Lad. It is tlmuiovc- mrnt which IIILS ns ilt> utm tlie of tins labor uniojib. Anil those wlio I IK: use Ibe interview. It follows, In part: "America is on the brink of a rising tide of disorder. There are doctrines abroad In this land which. if not controverted and overcome, may lead to ihc fall ut this countri- es countries 1n the; past have fall' said young referring to tho iiujvemenl to smash tabor Among oilier destructive lend encies. In Colonel Iloosetelt's opinion are the tendency toward lawbrea'Xing and the tendency of sunie industrial slackers to do as little work as Is necessary to hold a jou. "This lawbreaking and desire to ENGINEERS ADOPT REPORT FAVORING EIGHT-HOUR DAY IN BIG INDUSTRIES Exhaustive Inquiry Shows Efficiency Of Workers Is Much Higher Where Shorter Day Prevails unduly curiaii1 he says, "spring in my opinion from certain underlying causes. These causes are that the man does not con- sider-his position In industry as fectiy organized. No amount of law enforcement or exhortation to Indua- iry will permanently clear the situa- tion unless WR recognise this fact and strive to remedy it. who" advocate the destruc- tion' of the labor unions advocate n condition which would engender an- archy more rapidly than anything but anarchy itself. Xeed Unions 'ThR unions are essentially right and a necessary part of our scheme of relationship- The working people need unions lo protect and express themselves. They have done n groat good In the country, 'fhose who ad- vocate their destruction are doing an un-AmerEcan, short-slghled and mis- chievous work. Thorn opponents ol tue unions urge lhat wrong actions havo been committed by them and thai they have been at times repre sented by crooked men. 1 admll It. net, however, business In- terests at times done wrong? And have not they been at times rep resented by crooked men? They most. certainly have. "Human nature Is the same what ever the day's job may be. There will be a percentage of bad and fool- ish men In every group of humans, from a company of soldiers to a con- vention ot ministers. "Wo have fought and are fighting Holahevlsm. We must fight with an determined effort any move smash tho unions. DolahecLsm is an- archistic, and destruction ot labor unions is archaic and Iho latter would lead to the former Inevitably. "I no mistake made in my meaning, hoirever, I do not condone with law-hreaklng and disorder. Law- lessness Is lawlessness and riot is riot and should he handled accord- ingly. "With the development of business, tlio accumulation of wealth and the existence of credit, (hero has been t great Increase in what may be termed 'absentee landlordism In business.' Tn other words, those who put up the capital which runs tho business do not live with the business. The large concerns In Yoiingstown and Gary anrl like places, aro owned ty stock holders In largo cities. Where this la the caso you immediately Inse the personal touch. The resident head of tlie company is not Ihe owner, bul pimplj- hired like the rest of the work ers. Tho unfortnulated personal ad Jnslmenl of early days and simple conditions then becomes impossible and thft only solution open Is a definite adjustment. Want KifiMs, Not Clmrity "Thero Is farthermorc In this con nectfon, a strong feeling amdng th average American engaged in Indus try that Ihey want their rights am not bounties and charily. 1 have see' this often when bonuses were aw.irri ed arbitrarily by members ot a firm They want Lhotr rights adjusted ii fluch n way that Ihclr earnings com to them in connection with Iho agrer ment under which they work, not par llally dependent upon the good wi' of their employer. "1 have spent ten years in bun! working In positions ran gin _ from factory hand lo executive. Th principles I advocate I have alway advocated, and oflcn put Into prac lice. Wo had profit sharing Ihslalle In the concern of which I was a men (IiiCcrimthuml Nc Discontinuance of the 12-hour shift and develop men t of Hit: three-shift 'ighl-hour day in slrol and and other con (In nous Industries of the country was voted by the executive board of the American Kiif-ineerlng council, delegate body ot the Feder- ated American Engineering societies, at-a meeting in Huston lusl v, The vnirs stonrl 2ft to after a hot debate In which reactionary Interests opposed the adoption ot the report. Its acceptance will, engineers say. greatly inlluence Ibis geneial labor situation and will creiitiKilly result In far-reach ing changes In labor hours In the steel Industry. Dean Morttm.or E. Cooley ol the University ot Michigan Engineer In K. school, president of ttio con tlio adoption of the report, call- ig It a remarkable coutrthutrtm of le cng in wiring profession toward ie advancement of mankind. lost. riniKirrnnt Jnvrslipntirm Professor Samuel McCnne Lindsay f Columbia representing ie Cabot fund, cooperating with th merJcan Engnieerliijf council, said la report la "the most important In- eslJgallon of any inilnstcjiil sitfia "nn ever undertaken In this country.' le quoted Professor Henry 11. Seager f Columbia, president of the Ainer- an economic association, as shar- R his views generally. The majority of managers and iittvea of steel industries, with the matter was discussed, be- eve, says the report, that the good f the industry can bo better serve i y eliminating the 12-hour day th: y Increasing dividends, provided by leans of labor saving devices and In Lhor ways this step can be Ithnut serious Injury lo the Indus ry. It is not expected, however, thai street will welcome this t the god of profits and dividends n behalf of the good of'the Industry .n engineers, the foremost stu enls of economics, and the most iromlnent lagers and executives HARMONY A T LAST ON QUESTION OF NEW COURT HOUSE LABOR'S CREDIT IS GOOD AS SHOWN BY MINE WORKERS' HUGE "WAR" LOAN Big Banker Declares Organ- ized Labor Has Never Yet Defaulted In Payment Of Obligations Why was the United Mine Woik- rs of America able to borrow 000 early in July from the Harriinaii National Uajik without collateral se- curity, and from other ks In tide them over the coal strike? Because. stated by Harry U. director of the hank, "the integrity of 900.000 miners and their families, I contend, is en.ua! in credit Ihi; wealth of a Rockefeller." and because "In the history.of banking not a penny has ever been lost through, a loan to organized labor." "If they should come into Ibis of- fice apain and want they could havo it In an IJQ added. NEW ARMSTRONG STORE FOR WOMEN IS POPULAR PLACE Last Friday and Saturday witness- ed the opening iu Cedar Jtapids by tlio Armstrong Clothing company of one of ihe finest outer apparel stores for women in the peddle west. It has teen learr.ed that the new store prior to the opening had been ST. LOUIS FINDS PROSPERITY IN BUILDING TRADES HARMONY PLAN The lo MS obtain of John I.. i the Harrlm d'.on the personal notes Lewis, president; I1. 11. n the industrial world are on the Ide ot labor In the campaign for (hi -hour shift. Eventually tin 2-honr day will be a matter of his ory. In the opinion of the engineers Incioiiscvl PrfKlnct With cl If Olirs "Tn almost every continuous tndus- says tho report, aro ]ants which are operating un an 8- iour shift basis In with 2-hour nhlft pfanl3." Tn practically every majority con- Iniious industry, plants that have from 12 hours to .eight lours havo Increased the f prodncliou as 25 "per qua n manjip to asjnuch In a few cases, the report "stales, he increase has been much higher. in the steel and iron industry. It was [ounil that "the change from tho 12 :o tlie S-hour day has secured results sufficient to compensate In wMolo or 'n part for the extra coats." Other advantages of the 8-hour day '.n tho steel and Iron Industry are de- scribed as increased efficiency, Letter morale, elimination of the "floating which is maintained to give 12-hour men n rliy cfT a week, and greater prentige of the Industry with he public. "There are fen1 continuous Indus? tries which do not hare 12-hour the rcpnrl. "Of ftnme iO nr SO continuous Industries, a number nro overwhelmingly on three shifts. The majority are partly on two shifts and partly on three shifts with three-shift operation on the pre- ponderance. There are a hilf dozen industries In -which tiro-shift opera- tion Is so nearly universal that it i3 difficult to find an exception. "Outside of ihc industry the total number ot employes on S-hour ied en Page EfpM Murray, vice-president, and Williar Green, secretary-treasurer, of the United .Mine Workers ol America. With tho in the niEnci treasury and the borrowed from ihe hanka, the twenty weeks' fight coat the national body A'hen the mines are open and run- ning the income of the national or- ;anizatlon run a front 52, a lo a year. long could the United Mine Workers maintain their strike nt Ihc of for twenty weeks with a credit of available at an hour's notice in one bank? thine tic answers moro than two years! COAL INDUSTRY PROBE PROVIDED BY BORAH'S BILL and! vened, for days -'by -women rls wishing to nuke their full selee- 10113 and when the doors were opon- last Friday and Saturday nearly ne thousand people visited the il ding. The Armstrong Clothing company ve built and opened the new omen'3 store with the avowed JSO of building up a large volume islnesd by the giving of exceptional values In fine foats, suits, dresses, and sweaters for women and Kirls. Tao new store for -women, adjoln- ng tho Armstrong men's store, la connected on three floors with the iitier that the two businesses may >e operated as one, thus cutting out nnch overhead expense and enabling he giving of Rreater values In the uerchandlse sold. Hart Schaffner Man coafs foi luien. Known p very where ns the Inost tailored in America, will be one >f many rjnnllty features. There Is i stock of furs not surpassed in the tate of Iowa, being sold under a new arrangement with a big manu- facturer at a close approach to whole- sale prices. Fred Can ft eld Reports Mis- souri City Is In Midst Of Building Boom; Union Are Ideal Bond Issue Of Will B4 Asked For At November Election; Now Up To Cedar Rapids Municipal Government To Act In Matter Of Joint City And County Building Federal Reserve Pay Roll Is One Reason Why Taxes Are High Senator lleuln wants tho federal reserve system probed because sal- have been increased more than during the past few rs. lie anys the salary of certain has been increased from "a year to from Fred A. Canneld is home atter an extended trip in behalf of the In- alioiial leathers' union of which 1s vlcr-jiresident, that embraced southern Illinois and Missouri, with a part of the lime spent In 51. I-on Is. activities are enormous in St. said -Mr. Canneld. "Con- o are finding it difficult to EC- cure a sufficient number of building trades mechanics to carry'on theli programs. Lathers are in creat de- mand. A government contract southern Illinois where planes i Ns manufactured Is a big project lhat will cover several acres. Men are needed there. "I found the labor situation In St. Louis Ideal ajjj In contrast with thai in many cities. Thai city ha.3 developed a hi brings results along lines similar to that In.effect In Cedir Rnplds. trouble due to jurisdictional disputes is possible through a working agree- j meiU or conference plan u here by tho business agenU meet regularly am." of matters of this kind. I a deadlock occurs the president o the Building Trades council casts the deciding vote. This prevents need less delays and Is proving eatisfac lory. St. Louis Is practically organ ized 100 per cent in the building trades and ihe very host of feelinj exists between the union and the em day ylaii tbat COMPELS URGES CENTRAL BODIES TO CO-OPERATE WITH THE LEGION Joint Conference Committee From Two Organizations Would Serve Good Purpose In a letter to Secretary David Mor- rison of the local Federatfon of La- bor, Samuel Onmpers calls attention recommendation approved by convention of the Ameri- can Federation of Labor to the effect that each city central body apuoinL u standing committee to confnr regn larly with a similar rommUlpe from tho loral. American legion post in regard lo matters ol Interest to both amzallous, Sucb conferences uld servo a highly useful p'.iruose securing close co-operation he- !en organized labor and the Le- gion in the many matters where their imprests are practically Identical. The Cedar Rapids Federation of Labor will probably lake action soon a Ions the Line recommended. President Gomper's Teller says: you notnl from thn press re- ports of the Cincinnati convention of the American Federation of Labor and also from the official printed proceedings. Commander .MacNhter of the American Legion delivered a nost excellent address 1o the conven- ient Ho was cordially welcomed by ho rniivpntlon and IhR delegates gave lose attention lo lits remarks. II lade a most favorable impression. "The executive council in its re wrt lo the convention referred b.-ief- y to the friendly relations uxtst1n_ the American Federation of jbor and Iho American Legion and hat frequent conferences have been leld between Ihe representatives of he-two organizations on niattei nteresc to both and further that in egislative matters it has been found hat tho two organizations are wortt- iig In harmony. The executive coun- cil recommended to the convention, nd the.convention approved, the fol- "'The council believes .that Ihere should bo conferences from time to ,itne between the" organizations of ah or and the American Leg Eon in every city In which there are Legion established, for the purpose ol any misunderstand that mis lit arise. Such conferences ould also tend to cement the friend- The senate has approved the Itorali bill to inveslfgato (he coal in dustry. The house has passei a fact-finding hill, hut It exclude l miners and coal owners fro si commission, as favored by Presi dent Harding but objected to by tb Ie vaa director of Fngelman's orchestra and was well known in this cily. iurvivlng him are: his wife, Mrs. LrOuiEB Engelman; oao daughter, Jean; his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Will- in K. Kngelman; one brother, ienrge, and one sister Miss Lulu Ingelman. Itrlef funeral services will be held at the home at p. m., Sunday, the Rev. N. P. Uhlig officiating. Fur- ther services will IKJ conducted at Trinity LuUieran church at 3 p. m. Durlal in Oak I1EII cemetery. Bro. Eugelruan was a prominent and active member of tho Musicians' union and his death fame as a seven ihocfc to his many friends. He wits a member of Ihe executive board. Uy his untimely death tho union lost a valuable member, and a very talented musician, tic was ranked among the best In his profession, being for two years a member of tho Madison Sym- phony orchestra of Detroit. Our local eitends its sympathies to hia bereaved relatives and friend9, many of whom are among nur mem- organizations are at variance as Is the case in certain important aspects of the- educational field, such confer cncep. local and national, may hrins adjustment through better mu understanding.' "Therefore, in view of the of the convention as above Indicated It that your central hotly ap point a commltlec to confer with th officers of the Legion post and esiab ihh ways and means for such con ferencfcs from time to time on mat tera in which the two bodies are ii terested and for Iho mutual r.dvn (age of all. "Under the auspices of the Amer can Legion, American Educallo week will be observed December to 0 inclusive. Thn National Edura Ion association and the Unite i tat PS nnrertu Education will eo ip crate In (his observance. Th American Legion haa extended an in vitalion to the American Federatlo of Labor to co-oporato with It i making thie understanding sue ful. It wouhl be well for committee from Ihe central labor unions to con for with Ihe Legion posts In their n speetlve localities upon the most e fectivo way in which the centra ilies can operate In this pardcitla work." As a conlroveisy between city and country that long bure all llic ear- narks of a permanent- deadlock, the court -house problcm; is at" lost Get-. llcJ. Tills became manifest al n joint :tint; of the Linn County Protec- tive and tho Cedar Rap- Ids court house committee at Marion "Wednesday evening when the forraer organization. selE-styled but unofficial representative of Ihe rural element. ilsed to use Us influence iu favor of a bond issue, and the Cedar Rapids which Freil Bur-winkle and A. .1. Cronkhlte represented organized tn make the besi of fin unsatisfactory situation and agreed that Ihe coal of the new county building shp-jid bo kept within that limit. Tiie Protective association further stipulated tint tlie present board of supervisors Ehall lake no part in tho court liouse project utiier [tan that uf canvassing the vole at Iho bond elec- tion and announcing the result, leav- ing the handling of ihe entire nmttrr Hi Hie new Ixianl which will tfiko of- fice nn tlie first of January. This at- titude was taken principally because ot an iinrerisrmlnB and, as Cedar Rap- Iila citterns believe, wholly unjust au- gmrism against Percy r. Smith, ervlsor f rom the first district. How- the new board is the logical ono have charge of the court houso reject from the outset since Its con- will be begun ajjd possibly nislieU during that body's teuuru of ffice; liejjcu ihu Cedar Rapinls dele- lion agreeil'to ttiis stipulation also. r. Siuith ivlll fcc a mcmhor of the during thn year 1S23. Rum Is Too Snuill view of the fact that conlrac- ml engineers of repine have set ns a fair aunt to be Epent in he.erecilon :0t a county building, it, s obvious that the amount agreed pon mil necessitate much skimping f one sort or another. No such com- lodlous anil attractive building as lat snsRested Jast year by archi- ed employed by Ihe baant of Eupcr- ,vlll be with this cur- ailed Other plans must e drawn and a smaller, plainer struc- ire uuill. Linn county Is one of Ihe richest the state of Iowa, nnd Is fourth in opnlatlon. The dignity of the coun- y and the self-respect of its citizen's re hound to suffer by the erection of courl house the whole appearance which will indicate a miserly, enny-pinching attitude on (lie part t the taxpayers authorized Its obstruction. But the decree seems to be 00 or any sort of building that is fireproof and convenl- ntly located IB lo lie preferred to the unlovely ruin that Is noiv tbo scat of It's thn City's Mnvo Now Now, without delay or hesitation, s the time for the Aty council of Ce- lar Raplnsto take action on the fjues- lon nf a now city hall. The court louse bond issue u-itl be presented to he voters at the election on Xovem- 7, and it will in all likelihood Municipal Band Plays Last Of Summer Concert Though the series of pri- se cued by the Municipal band at th cily parks during tho summer lia ended, that organization will ho hep "nlact during tho winter month t-ady for nnolher season of treats fo nuslc Tovers in 1023. Flchearsa will continue throughout the win! and If possible a number of free In door concerts will Le given. Con duct or Jacob Schmidt plans to spen much time In training the band a still higher tlcgrco of excellence b fore next summer, and It Is posaib that a concert tour may be arrangi for the latter half of the winter. tarry, immediately after the first of. latiuary the board of supervisors will effin the collection of esti- mates and architect's plans. At that ir.ie tlio cily should be ready with a tor'the erection of a Joint ourt house and The new city hall must come soon n any event, and with the island site occupied by a new county building he continued use by the cily of the igly structure of type that TOW houses tfie municipal o Sices would he nothing sbort of a civic dis- grace. A city hall planned UB an in- tegral part of the court house would of course cost far less than "a scpnr.ite structure, and besides Ihti alo gliare of construction costs paid1 by (lie city ivnuld permit the erpction of a much moro creditable building than will be possible if the (laO.OOO of county funds is the limit of expen- diture. The suggestion of a combined city, hall and court house meets the entire approval of practically every citizen of Cedar Itapidj, henco tbo council has not the shadow of an excuse for dodging Ihe issue or dilly-dallying as on numerous matters In times past. The situation will not ndmlt of detaj- if Cedar Rapids is to have Its oTficail headquarters ur.der the roof of the county building. It (s the council's opportu- nily to do something of a really con- structive Equinoctial Storm Misses Connections Citizens wlio inherited from their fathers a firtn belief ttmt tho equinox brings with it a slom of somo sort isero mightily surprised when the sun crossed the line yesterday without the traditional accompaniment of tiad weather. Old Sol gtarla h1a Fomhern retreat now, and in a few weeks the frost will be on the pumpkin in real earnest. All farm crops arc safely beyond of frrezfng, though the gardens are still yielding abun- dantly due to the recent rains.
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