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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - April 30, 1975, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather Cloudy and cooler through Thursday. Low tonight about 40. High Thursday In up- per 40s. P CITY FINAL 15 CENTS 93 NUMBER 111 CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 30, 1975 ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES COMMUNISTS ROLL INTO New U.S. Asian Policy: Focus on Economic Ties WASHINGTON (AP) A major task for the Ford ad- ministration following the ragged end to the American role in Vietnam is development of a new, realistic Asian policy while warding off possible Communist adventurism, U.S. 'officials say. The focus of a policy redevelopment ordered by Secre- tary of State Henry Kissinger will be on Japan, South Ko- rea, the Philippines and Indonesia. Thailand, which now faces a serious Communist threat, is in a special category and will be treated separately, Speaking privately in the hours after the U.S. evacua- tion of Saigon and the subsequent surrender to the Viet Cong Tuesday night, these officials said American diploma- cy in Asia has been staggering for the last two years. Events in Indo-China in the last few weeks also have re- vealed basic weaknesses in many old ties with other nations in the region, the sources stated. Economic, Political Tics While many reasons are offered, the consensus centers on Kissinger's view that congressional intrusion into the ex- ecution of foreign policy, particularly the removal of the military option, eliminated the basis of U.S. policy in South- east Asia. The idea behind the reassessment, therefore, will be to strengthen old ties and develop new ones based on mutual economic and political concerns rather than military ac- cords. The argument goes that Japan, the Philippines and the others will feel much more secure in such ties than in prom- ises that their joint anti-Communism will lead to military aid. In his Tuesday news conference following President Ford's announcement of the evacuation, Kissinger talked in soft terms about a new Asia policy. "We will soon be in consultation with many other coun- tries in that area including Indonesia and Singapore and Australia and New he said. In those talks, Kissinger went on, "We hope to crystal- ize an Asian policy that is suited to present circumstances." "Sustainable" Policy Whatever the outcome of the policy review, Kissinger said it must be realistic and lone range. "Surely another les- son we should draw from the Inao-China experience is that foreign policy must be sustainable over decades if it is to be effective." Kissinger said "the experience in the war can make us more mature in the commitments we undertake and more determined to maintain those we have. "I would therefore think that with relation to other countries that no lessons should be drawn by the ene- mies of our friends from the experiences in Vietnam." Soviets "Some Help" The secretary defended his policy of seeking improved relations with China and the Soviet Union. In fact, he said Moscow was of "some help in the evacuation effort." Kissinger also made these points in his news confer- ence: Until last Sunday night the U.S. thought the North Vi- etnamese would accept a non-military solution. But "some- time Sunday night the North Vietnamese obviously changed signals to a military option." The evacuation was ordered by President Ford when it was decided regular aircraft could no longer land safely at the Saigon airport. All in all, the month-long evacuation brought out a total of South Vietnamese and Americans. people, including Americans were flown out in the last day. Tornadoes Kill Six In Louisiana, Texas By United Press International Killer tornadoes ripped through portions of Texas and Louisiana Tuesday, leav- ing six dead, three in each state. One of the victims was an 18-month-old girl wrenched from her mother's arms by the high winds. The National Weather Service said 18 tornadoes were recorded late Tuesday and early Wednesday with 9 in Texas, 5 in Louisiana, 2 In Oklahoma, and one each In Missouri and Illinois. Winds clocked at 70 miles per hour tore down power Today's Index Comics............................... 8D Crossword..........................6D Deaths................................3A Editorial Features..........6-7A Farm...................................SB Financial............................7D Marlon................................8D Movies.............................8-9C Society........................ 10-12B Sports..............................1-SD State................................ 1-3C Television...........................4C Want Ads......................9-13D Today's Chuckle A clever wife found out how to remove cooking odors from the house she quit COOking. Cocvrlgm lines and trees in Shreveport, La. One motorcyclist in the city was killed when he be- came entangled in fallen electrical lines. Two others were killed in Vernon Parish, one by a falling tree and a second trapped inside her mobile home. "It sounded like 30 loco- motive freight said Harold Fraser, 57, who hud- dled on the floor and looked into the center of a raging tornado that unroofed his Yancey, Texas, farmhouse. "I couldn't see no funnel or nothing. All I could see was gray, but I guess I was look- ing right in the middle of it." The tornado slashed through Fraser's pasture to- ward Yancey and killed three persons. The body of the 18- month-old girl, who was not identified, was found in a field near Fraser's farm- house. The tornado struck with such fury it wrenched the girl from the grasp of her mother, who was holding the tot and another child inside their house. Ernest and Blanche Weimers were killed a mile east of Fraser's farm. The tornado cut a swath eight miles long before rising back into the clouds. Authorities said eight per- sons were injured by the twister, which demolished 16 homes and damaged several mobile homes. Damage was estimated at Mr. and Mrs. Henry Judge, Marshalltown, hold portraits of their two sons, one of whom died Monday as one of the last American servicemen to lose his life in Vietnam. The center and left photos show Marine Dar- win Judge, 1 9, who was fatally injured in a rocket barrage. Photo at right is Air Force Loren Judge. Iowa Marine's Mother: "Very Proud of That Boy" MARSHALLTOWN (AP) "He felt he had to be there to keep the Communists from coming said Mrs. Henry Judge, mother of one of America's last military men to die in Vietnam. "We're very proud of that boy." Marine Cpls. Darwin Judge, 19, Mar- shalltown, and Charles McMahon, jr., 22, Woburn, Mass., were killed in a Communist shelling of Saigon's Tan Son Nhut airport Monday during the evacuation of Ameri- cans. Only hours before Henry Judge, 55, joined his wife on the front steps of their ranch-style home here Tuesday, the Penta- gon had announced the death of their son. Judge was graduated from Marshalltown high school in 1974 and enlisted In the ma- rine corps in June. After boot training at San Diego and embassy guard school at Ar- lington, Va., he was assigned to Vietnam last month and was at the airport helping evacuate refugees. The Judges hadn't heard whether their son's body had been flown out of Tan Son Nhut. "We have no idea when he'll get said Mrs. Judge. Judge remained mostly silent as his wife talked about Darwin and their other son, Air Force Loren Judge, 25, an eight- year military veteran stationed at Colorado Springs, Colo. Mrs. Judge is a hospital represent alive for the American Legion auxiliary at the Iowa Soldiers Home here. Judge is a mail carrier. In DCS Molnes, Gov. Robert Ray Wednes- day said the Vietnam war was "an unfortu- nate chapter in the history of our country, but from unfortunate experiences like this can come lessons from which we can all learn and profit. "Americans are relieved that the Viet- nam war is over. It was costly in human life and misery and money. We didn't start it and we didn't end it I think the Presi- dent is right that this is no time for recrimi- nations. "Our country has to know that we cannot control the affairs of the world our role in world leadership has limitations. "We have stood there as a mighty power and with the ability to use it regardless of what it might do to others and to the people of our own country." Ray said all of this will bring about a change in our foreign policy and "a different view of our place in the world." Autumn of 1 978 Seen For Westdale Mall Opening By Mike Deupree A proposed shopping center in southwest Cedar Rapids is still very much alive and well and will open in the autumn of 1978, ci- ty officials and community leaders were told Wednesday. Ernest Hahn, chairman of the board and chief executive officer of Ernest W. Hahn, Inc., said the two-level enclosed Westdale Mall will open with two major department stores and numerous specialty shops, and will add a third department store the fol- lowing spring. Fourth Store A fourth major store and additional mall shops will be added "when the trade area indicates a need for increased retail area." He said recent research indicates this will be prior to 1980. One of the first two stores to open in the center will be Montgomery Ward, he said, and the other has not yet been named. It will feature "high-line" merchandise, Hahn said. A JCPenney store will open in the spring of 1979, a few months after the first two major stores and the shops open. The 1978 opening date reflects a delay of about a year from the original plans. Hahn said the change is due to "the department stores' total re-evaluation of their capital expenditures." The date hinged on a decision by Pen- ney's on its opening date. He said the com- pany, which is associated with Hahn devel- opments in 22 locations, told developers from all over the country last year that any unsigned leases would be restudied in light of the economic turndown. Reaffirmed Last week Hahn met with Penney's offi- cials in New York, he said, and the commit- ment to the Cedar Rapids development was reaffirmed, along with the 1979 opening date. "We were able to keep Cedar Rapids on a high Hahn said. "Cedar Rapids is a firm 1979 opening." The Wards commitment has also been af- firmed, he said. "They've just been waiting for Hahn explained. He stressed that the delayed opening of the Penney's store does not mean a signifi- (Continued: Page 4, Col. 1.) Some Cheering Greets Triumphant Invaders SAIGON (AP) The Saigon govern- ment surrendered unconditionally Wednes- day and Viet Cong and North Vietnamese troops occupied the capital. At first the South Vietnamese stood in doorways and watched the troops pour into the city, then some began cheering. Radio Hanoi announced that the city has been "completely liberated." Many former government soldiers turned in their arms and tried to lose them- selves amid the civilian population. But there were periodic outbursts of gunfire some from pockets of resistance and others from celebrating Viet Cong and North Viet- namese firing into the air. A police colonel shot himself in front of the national assembly building after walk- ing up to an army memorial statue and sa- luting. He died later in a hospital. "Explosion of Joy" People in Hanoi raced into the streets and embraced each other in "a general ex- plosion of the Yugoslav news agency Tanjug reported. Flags were raised, and the North Vietnamese capital "became the nois- iest and happiest city in the world." "At (a.m.) on April 30, 1975, the flag of the Provisional Revolutionary Gov- ernment (PRO) of the Republic of South Vietnam fluttered above the palace of the puppet president and on other buildings in the declared Hanoi's Vietnam News Agency, in a broadcast monitored in Tokyo. The broadcast reiterated that Saigon has been renamed Ho Chi Minn City in honor of the late North Vietnamese leader. Two Hong Kong telecommunications companies said they lost contact with Sai- gon at 7 p.m. Wednesday (6 a.m. Wednes- day Iowa President Duong Van Minh announced his government's unconditional surrender in a broadcast at midmorning and ordered the South Vietnamese armed forces to turn in their arms. He was then picked up by Nortli Vietnamese and Viet Cong troops and taken to an unknown localion. Four hours later, a Jeepload of North Vi- etnamese soldiers brought the 51-year-old retired general back to a microphone, and be appealed again 10 the government forces to give up. "Some Role To Play" Mrs. Nguyen Thi Binh, the foreign minis- ter of the PRG, said in an interview in Da Nang on Tuesday that Minh "might still have some role to play in the future of Viet- nam." She did not rule out relations between the Viet Cong government of South Viet- nam and the U.S. Loud explosions wuru heard in the Lite afternoon in Saigon. They were reported aboard an ammunition barge burning in the Saigon river, but no damage was reported in the city except at the U.S. embassy and other American buildings, which the Sai- gonese cleaned out after their former occu- pants were evacuated. Otherwise life returned to a semblance of normality. People strolled the streets and greeted the Viet Cong and North Vietnam- ese with smiles and handshakes. Motorbike traffic picked up. Viet Cong flags appeared on many buildings. Hundreds of South Vietnamese applaud- ed as scores of North Vietnamese tanks, ar- mored vehicles and camouflaged Chinese trucks drove down Unity boulevard to the presidential palace shortly after noon. The six-story U.S. embassy, which with- stood a determined Viet Cong commando attack in 1968, was no match Wednesday for thousands of Saigonese getting their last American handout. They took everything, including the kitchen sinks and a machine to shred secret documents. Bronze Plaque A bronze plaque with names of the five American servicemen who died in the 1968 attack was torn from the lobby wall. An As- sociated Press correspondent retrieved it. "It is our embassy said a laughing young Vietnamese soldier. A curfew was ordered from 6 p.m. to 6 a.m. Government employes were urged to return to work and students and other youths were urged to participate in a dem- onstration at a time to be announced later. U.S. Ambassador Graham Martin, who left Saigon Tuesday in a helicopter airlift thai carried some 900 Americans and about South Vietnamese from the city, land- ed on the USS Blue Ridge in the South China sea. Non-Communist Asian countries reacted to the surrender with a shrug of resignation and a sigh of relief. "The long agony of Viet- nam has come to an said Thailand's foreign ministry. Prime Minister Kukrit Pramoj said his government is ready to rec- ognize whatever government emerges. Foreign Minister Carlos Romulo of the Philippines welcomed the surrender "so that more lives will be spared." And Indone- sian Foreign Minister Adam Malik said his country "should not find any difficulty in adjusting itself with whoever is in power in Vietnam." Sweden and Laos were the first to recog nize the new South Vietnamese govern- ment. Finland and Italy may soon follow suit. Avoid Recriminations In Washington, President Ford said Tuesday afternoon that the end of the American evacuation closed "a chapter in the American experience" and he urged the country to avoid recriminations. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger said, "the experience in the war can make us more mature in the commitments we under- take and more determined to maintain those we have." Former South Vietnamese President Thieu remained in seclusion in Taipei. The noontime march of the Viet Cong in- to Saigon was led by eight cheering men in a jeep flying the Viet Cong Hag. None wore uniforms, but they carried an assortment of weapons including AK-47 rifles. One man sitting on a fender told an American news- men in English. "Go home, go home." They were followed half an hour later by the first truckload of about 45 North Viet- namese soldiers dressed in their green uni- (Continued: Page 3, Col. 6.) Ford Proud of Saving Refugees WASHINGTON (UPI) President Ford said Wednesday that he was proud he had ordered the evacuation from Saigon of thou- sands of South Vietnamese who otherwise would have been killed in the Communist takeover. Ford's remarks were offered to reporters by Press Secretary Ron Nessen. who esli- mated that "somewhat over persons roughly Vietnamese and Americans" were evacuated from Saigon Tuesday. He said Ford still wants congress to pass the million bill for Vietnamese aid so that he can repay the money he has bor- rowed from other foreign aid projects to spend on the refugees and possibly send some aid through humanitarian organiza- tions "to the people left behind." With the evacuation of U.S. citizens from South Vietnam complete and Vietnam sur- rendered, congress may scrap a mil- lion aid bill and start over on an Indo- Chinese refugee aid measure that could cost even more. Nessen quoted Ford as telling his aides: "I took them (the Vietnamese) out because otherwise they would have been killed one! I am proud of it." Asked what legal authority the President used in evacuating South Vietnamese along with the Americans, he replied, "I'll say it again. He took the people out because they otherwise would have been killed and he is proud of it." The new bill funding the care of Cambo- dians, South Vietnamese and other non-Americans and their evacuation to the U.S. was proposed Tuesday by House Inter- national Relations Chairman Thomas Mor- gan (D-Pa.) and backed by House Speaker Carl Albert. Albert said he believed controversial congressional authority for Ford's use of military forces for the evacuation should be knocked out of the new bill as moot. Morgan had issued a statement harshly criticizing Albert for pulling the original bill off the house floor at the last minute Tuesday. Morgan said congress should have voted on authorizing the U.S. forces before the evacuation was over. Morgan said congress has been trying (Continued: Page 3, Col. 6.) Steel Companies Prosper; GM Sinks to 29-Year Low United Press International The nation's two largest steel companies Tuesday reported sharply higher profits in the first three months of the year despite the deepening recession. But the profits of the largest automaker hit a 29-year low. U.S. Steel Corp. and Bethlehem Steel Corp. said their first quarter earnings were more than or nearly double profits in the same period last year. General Motors Corp. said its first quar- ter earnings fell 51 percent to million, or 20 cents a share, the lowest since losing million in a 1964 strike. In the first three months of 1974, GM earned million or 41 cents a share. U.S. Steel's first quarter profits wore million, or per share, com- pared to million, or per share, during the same period last year. Bethle-. hem's profits rose to million, or a share, compared to million, or 99 cents a share. Despite the bleak first quarter, GM exec- (Continued: Page 3, Col. 6.)
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