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   Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - December 31, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa                                10 The Cedir Rapids Gazette: Tues.. Dec. 81, 1974 on mis Mnq Kancn AM wear Small local farmers, had never seen such fur its cavalry horses, HUM pure Santa Eslrade Meknes, some 150 miles ADAROUCH, Morocco (AP) The rolling, grass-covered hills look like Texas cattle country. But the cowboys wear turbans, and at sundown many of them kneel down in the direction of Mecca to recite their prayers. Morocco's King Ranch, the experiment with distrust and skepticism at first, now bring up their cows at dead of night to "steal" the precious seed of King Ranch's Santa Gerlrudis bulls. "We suddenly find Santa Gertrudis strains all over the said Raoul Estrade, French manager of the Adarouch King cattle." Estrade's Moroccan ranch-hands patrol the 155 mill's of wire fencing surrounding the ranch in Jeeps and on horseback. In more than three years of operations, only seven animals have been lost to cattle rustlers, ranch spokesmen Moroccan herders came on occasional visits. Sparse, Dry Grass But the grass was sparse and dry, and the Moroccan cows were a feeble, disease-ridden caricature of their ancestors, introduced by Portuguese settlers in the 16th cattle were interbred with specially groomed local cows. The first generation of the new breed has proved well adapted to Moroccan conditions, where temperatures rJiige from near nero Fahrenheit, in winter to more than 100 degrees in can't sell a Santa Gcr-Irudis bull to the odd farmer who knocks at the gate nor allow him lo bring in his cows under cover of darkness. We do everything we can to stop such illicit breeding." The Adarouch mixed breed does 'not have all the qualities of Klcberg's Santa Gertrudis. An average Santa of the Moroccan capital, Rabat. The land was contributed by Morocco's King Hassan II. King Ranch, Inc.. owns 51 percent of the ranch, and the Moroccan government owns the remainder. There have been occasional arguments with nomad tribes angered by the wire fences across the track to their tradi- started as an offshoot of the great Texas ranch in 1971. It was an experiment to save the local breed of cattle from extinction and has proved a spectacular success. Moroccan businessmen are so impressed that they are investing their own money to establish new ranches on acres now has more than cattle and has become by far the largest farming enterprise in North Africa. Fence Patrol "When we flew in the first Santa Gertrudis bulls and cows from Texas and is an Arabic word meaning coyote track. The uninhabited valley was a preserve of coyotes and foxes when Estrade persuaded King Ranch owner Robert Kleberg, jr., of Texas that it was the ideal site for the Moroccan Moroccan breed of cattle has become degenerate as result of inbreeding, disease and sheer Estrade said. "There is no doubt, that, without outside help, the whole breed would soon become extinct." King Ranch replanted Strain The ultimate aim is to regenerate all of Morocco's estimated 20 million cattle with the new strain bred at Adarouch, and make Morocco once a major meat exporter at least self-sufficient in beef weighs pounds at the age of one year, compared lo 660 pounds for an Adarouch bull raised under the same conditions. But a Moroccan bull, even when fed on the lush Australian grass, is lucky to reach 330 pounds. Joint grazing lands and caravans to hashish smugglers regularly used to cut the wire at night on their way through, the valley. "We have a private deal with the smugglers Estrade said. "We don't bother them, provided they close the wire behind them. neglected pastureland in the local farmers French army used with rich Lucerne it has to be done Ranch is a all, we're ranchers, not parts of believe their long ago as grazing from under strictly strip of land Herbiqation May Replace Hoe PALO ALTO, Calif. A growing number of farm- ers are mixing weed killer with their irrigation water in an effort lo replace the old-fashioned hoe. A relatively new technique, herbigation, is seen by ad- vocales as a technological step toward slashing food produc- tion and labor costs on the nation's 50-million acres of irrigat- ed farm land, most of it in California, Texas, Nebraska, Colo- rado and Idaho. At a recent symposium, a pioneer researcher. Prof. Paul E. Fischbach of the University of Nebraska, called herbiga- tion the newest weapon in the farmer's historic struggle against the world's most expensive plant the weed. Greatest Potential Fischbach believes herbicides lhat inhibit germination of unwanted vegetation have the greatest potenlial in the new method. "What's most significant about herbigation is thai while (he practice is new, it probably is Ihe mosl efficient and precise method of incorporating herbicides into the soil that we know Fischbach said. "This is particularly important in irrigated farming because weed growth is considerably more profuse and trou- blesome than on dryland farming. In fact, (plain) water applied on cropland can benefit and nourish weed seed more readily than crop seed germination." Herbigation can be used with any system delivering ir- rigation water, from sprinklers to pipes, he said. Pollution Possible "But automated center-pivot sprinklers, solid set sprin- klers and automatic surface irrigation systems lend them- selves best to he believes. "A disadvantage of herbigation is the possibility of ground water pollution if the proper anti-pollulion devices are not installed on the irrigation pumping he said. "Some of the potential hazards are water back-flowing through the chemical injection system causing the chemical supply lank lo overflow. And irrigation pumping plants may shut down from mechanical or electrical failures on the ir- rigation system, but injection equipment could continue op- erating. "A lack of a check valve on the irrigation line may result in Ihe mixture of waler-and-chemical siphoning back inlo the irrieation well, pollulinc the grounrtwatcr. Proper Equipnient "The pollution hazard to groundwater can be avoided by having the proper equipment and hookup lo the irrigation system." The symposium also was told by Dr. Robert H. Callihan of the University of Idaho that while many growers are al- ready using Ihe method, "there is still insufficient data and much research work to be done." "For he said, "research has not adequately established whether application in irrigation requires a dif- ferent rate of herbicide than conventional application." But Fischbach said herbigation "should be considered a significant advance in farm technology greater farm output, more food production and j certain step forward in meeting the critical demands now being placed on U. S. agri- culture." Welfare Reform Plan Raked WASHINGTON (UPI) A major new welfare reform currently under consideration by top administration officials could result in worse nutrition for some of the nation's needy families, an agriculture de- partment study indicates. The study, prepared by department economists, makes no direct reference to reports that administration officials are debating welfare reforms involving substitution of cash benefits for payments that now 'flow lo the poor through the USDA's food stamp program. Stamps Effective The sludy concludes, how- ever, that food stamps may be about two or three times as effective as cash in increasing the food spending of very low income families. For some families near the upper end of the food stamp income eligibility range, the new study said that "cash in- come supplements may be nearly as effective as bonus food stamps in expanding demand for food." Switch Needs But for "very low income" families the picture is differ- ent. Ihe study concluded. It said poor families in the very low income range given an extra dollar of cash income may use 20 to 30 cents In increase food purchases. But when the same family is given a free food stamp, its total food purchases may rise by (ill lo 65 cents, the report added. C-O-M-I-N-G FARM AUCTIONS As Previously Advertised In The Gazette Farm Pages Fri., Jan. 3: Close out sale, a.m., mach., hh. goods, Arnold Gil- bert, 4 mi. NW of Clarence. Sat., Jan. 4: Close out sale, 1 p.m., cattle, mach., hay, Dick Root, mi. SW of Whittier. Farm sale, a.m., mach., hh. goods, misc., Leonard Durey and Donald Barclay, mi. SW of Manchester. Close out sale, 11 e.m., Holsteins, mach., Richard and Herman Hesseling, 6 mi. NW of Calamus. Close out sale, 11 a.m., mach., Howard E. Umbdenstock, 5 mi. NW of Mechanicsville. Sun., Jan, S: Close out sale, a.m., mach., car, Wilbur Harbachn mi. NW of Delhi. 8: Close out sale, a.m., mach., Marvin Schlotterbeck, 6 mi. N of Newhall. Auction, 11 a.m., mach., eqpt., Weaver Wltwer Farms, 1 mi. S of Linn County Home. Marion. II: Close out sale, a.m., mach., Richard and Chester RIsdaK mi. NE of Norway. Close out sale, 12, mach., hh. goods, Orval Unash, 1 mi. E of Robins. Sat., Jan. 18: Close out sale, 12, mach., Robert Becker, mi. NE of Norway. The dollar food stamp does not produce a full dollar in extra food spending because families using stamps may switch some uf their scarce cash previously used for food for other needs. The sludy said food spend- ing varies widely even among households of similar sixe and income. One low-income fami- ly may spend a high percen- tage of its limited cash on food while another may pinch food spending to below the level needed for a healthy di- et. "For this reason, bonus food stamps are more im- portant in achieving food and nutrition objectives than in- dicated by measures of aver- age effectiveness in expanding demand for the report said. Allocations Vary Under the food stamp from NATIONAL WlATHtH StKVICt AP Wlreptioto program, about 11 million needy people get stamp aid by purchasing part of their stamp allocations for cash amounts that vary with family income. A family (if four with or less cash income per month, for example, gets worth of stamps monthly free while a family with an income close to the a month eligibility ceiling would have to pay cash for all but a small portion of the stamps. The effect of the stamp program in expanding fond purchases for the upper-level poor families is small, experts explained, because they get a comparatively small amount of free stamps and because they tend to use the stamps mainly tu free cash for other uses. Nof Half A Loaf All the farm ingredients that go into a pound loaf of bread including wheat, lard, shortening, sugar, and dried milk account for only one-fifth of its cost. Weather Outlook This is the way the nation's weather shapes up for the next 30 days, according to the National Weath- er Service. Farm Bureau Member Record PARK RIDGE, 111. The American Farm Bureau Fed- eration established a new re- cord of members this past year. This year's increase of 051 members marks the fourth consecutive year that the membership increase lias been in excess of and the 14th consecutive year lhat membership has increased. Johnson Pork Queen Entry Deadline Nears IOWA CITY The deadline is Hearing for entries in the Johnson county pork queen contest, according to Mrs. Leroy Kasper of Iowa City, publicity chairman. The entrant must be be- tween the ages of 17 and 19 years old and a daughter of a Johnson county Pork Produ- cers Assn. member. The en- trant will be expected to give a five-minute oral essay on pork promotion, consumption or production. The Iowa Farm Bureau was among those reaching 1974 membership quotas. Massachusetts Is Still Top Cranberry State By Daniel Q. Haney PLYMOUTH, Mass. (AP) Massachusetts, where the Pilgrims picked cranberries 350 years ago, is still the na- tion's leading producer of the red holiday berries. But Wis- consin is challenging that claim. Cranberries are as much a part of Thanksgiving as turkey and pumpkin pie, and as of the first of November, the bogs of Cape Cod and the Plymouth area produced barrels of them. Temperature Drop Earlier this year, it was predicted that Wisconsin's crop would surpass Massachusetts' for the first time. But in Sep- tember, during the prime growing season, Wisconsin tem- peratures dropped to nine degrees. So the berries were small. although plentiful. Wisconsin's crop this year is about barrels, while New .Jersey's is and Washington's In Massachusetts, where agriculture barely exists, being the biggest cranberry producer is a matter of pride. Farmers are not happy about the emergence of Wisconsin as a cran- berry power. Even though Wisconsin's crop was smaller than expected this year, it was still 25 percent larger than the harvest in Bogs Standstill Development of new en nberry bogs is at a standstill in Massachusetts. The industry is located in the middle of a popular vacation area, and the land is more profitable as house lots. In Wisconsin, new land is still available for grow- ing the berries. Dr. Ches'er Cross, director of the industry's experi- mental station in Wareham, said he thought Massachusetts would remain dominant for several years, because its ocean elimutc makes it less apt to have sudden temperature changes. As with most farm products, the price of cranberries lias risen over the past year. The wholesale price of a one-pound box with a plastic window was 27 cents last year and is HO cents this November, according to the U. S. department of agriculture. Sea son9s best wishes to you... Thank you for everything. Have a Happy and prosperous New Year and many more. from all of us at PAINT AND WALLPAPER 333 5th Avenue SE Compare. It pays! (Effective January 1. 1975) 6-1 DIAMOND ACCOUNT COMPOUNDED QUARTERLY! Open with (nut and keep at leant Ihls amount to earn Interest paid daily from day of investment. No minimum on additions to this account. After First Quarter, withdrawals allowable during first 10 days of a Calendar Quarter. Effective YIELD is 6% (Effective January 1. 1975) 6% REGULAR ACCOUNT EARNS DAILY INSTANT INTEREST! Invest as little as This account pays you interest from day of Investment to day of withdrawal. Interest compounded QUARTERLY. Ideal account for flexibility. Effective YIELD Is H. Savings Institution Since 1916 A division of MorAmerica Financial Corporation A Registered Bank Holding Company f thft Mor Onion. DBS Jowii Cily. Our OPEN YOUR DOOR TO THE COMMUNITY, learn what's happening in your town. The newspaper serves as a vital link between people who want to know, and people who are in the know. IT'S A WISE INVESTMENT when you have the paper delivered to your door daily. You're giving a young carrier a start in business, and a local merchant a chance to catch your eye's imagination with money saving values. FIND THE TIME to bring a part of your town into your home daily. Phone now for your personal key to open the door to your town, the circulation department would be happy to hear from you today. CEDAR RAPIDS PHONE 398-8333   

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