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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - December 29, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Double-bladed economic threat perplexes Editorial Page Sunday, 29, 1974 Anti-spying overstepped ..Both the American public and riiost of the American government do not want and will not tolerate "secret police" spying on lAmerican citizens, as an arm of the CIA is alleged to have done in the past several years. Neither do the American public and most of ttte government want foreign in- telligence agents operating in our rhidst, even if they're native-born Americans. A central point that should not be forgotten as this flap unfolds is that the reconciling of those wants can easily rub one against the other harmfully, as seems to have happened in the CIA's case. The worthy purpose of suppressing real enemies among us put another form of "enemy" among us which was little more accept- able than the one targeted first. .Two things, actually, went wrong in the way this developed. One legitimate agency, the CIA, bureaucratically expanded its domain by stretching its proper work against foreign counterin- telligence into the domestic field, where the law forbids that. Another legitimate protective agency, the FBI, laid the ground- work for this apparently by doing an inadequate job against the CIA's foes as a function thai the law does assign. To whatever extent the need still exists to neutralize foreign agents working here against of Americans, the problem's answer obviously lies in a better performance of FBI duties, suita- bly coordinated with the CIA. Once again, too, the value of a vigilant free press in spotting and in publicizing overstepped bounds has been demonstrated as a check on overzealous bureaucrats. In a climate of detente and les- sened cold-war tensions it is also easy to downplay domestic security interests and count the "secret police" threat as the dominant one. A further point to keep in mind concerning that is this: Despite the U.S. govern- ment's commitment to detente, an overzealous agency could operate to override that policy and stir up trouble. Despite a foreign govern- ment's commitment to detente, a overzealous agency there, too. can do the same disruptively among Americans. The FBI still has a function it should fill effectively in seeing that the foreign force does not. The V-P vanishes Lyndon Johnson served as United States vice-president from January, 1961, to November, 1963, but one would never know it from watching "The Missiles of Octo- ber" on ABC-TV Dec. 18. All of President Kennedy's missile-cri- sis confidants were there McGeorge Bundy lo Ted Soren- sen. Dedication to detail was crit- ically hailed. But, curiously, there was no mention of either Johnson or the vice-presidency. Was memory deceiving? Was the explosive confrontation with Russia defused without the help of a well-traveled vice-president markedly knowledgeable in for- eign affairs? A quick check of recent history texts shows the otherwise merito- rious TV movie did not do justice to LBJ. In "The Missile Crisis" Author Elie Abel put Johnson's name atop the list of men Kenne- dy called to an extraordinary Oct. 16, 1962, briefing on Soviet mis- sile sites in Cuba. The TV show began with that very session.The vice-president, according to Abel, asked few questions, speaking on- ly when spoken to. But a Johnson biographer, Booth Mooney, notes in "The Lyndon Johnson Story" that dur- ing the crisis-ridden October Johnson met with ambassadors from the Organization of Ameri- can states on his Texas ranch in preparation for the U.S. position regarding weapons buildups in Cuba. The TV show made much of the unanimous OAS backing of the United States, but failed to mention the statesman who helped inspire the decision. Perhaps Johnson was deleted from the script of "Missiles because the casting of that bigger-than-Iife Texan was for- midable. That's doubtful, though, since the producers lurched ahead with Ralph Bellamy as Adlai Stevenson (the only bad casting in the entire three-hour This is not to maximize the program's subtle revision of modern history. Inaccuracy aside, the deletion of Johnson does follow the popular belief that President Kennedy disliked his running mate and consigned him to nearly three years in lim- bo. Indeed. Johnson admittedly was miserable in the job, know- ing full well that Kennedy was the boss and-that he (Johnson) was not an assistant President. Manifestly, though, Kennedy was too shrewd an operator to keep awesome military secrets from the man who could become President any day and who, in fact, did ascend when JFK was slain 13 months later. In a sense. then, "The Missiles of October" shortened Kennedy's stature, too by implying that LBJ was ex- cluded from the brainstorming. Tope 'hero' Butterfield booted By Rowland Evans and Robert Novak WASHINGTON Alexander Butter- held, whose revelallon of Richard Nix- on's secret White House taping system ultimately cracked the Watergate cover- up, is being pushed out with consi- derable reluctance on his part as fed- eral aviation adrninislralor. On (he Friday before Christinas. But- terfield was summoned lo the office his superior, lameduck Secretary of Transportalion Claude Brinegar. Brine- gar informed Bulterfield he was through as head of Ihe Federal Aviation Administration Butterfield shot Fiack that he was a presidential appoin- tee who could fired only tn ihc Presi- dent. But it soon became spukc at Urnes. tils resignation effec- tive on Feb. 1 could not have acted on his own A footnote- resignation, beginning Ihe long 'leanup of the old Nixon cabinet with its announce- ment Dec. Ifc. was forced rather than uilunlary He has grumbled privately lhat the request for him !o canio not from Mr Ford but from White Hnijsp chief of staff Kimi'-Md Depression-inflation forces cloud taxing By Tom Wicker NKW YORK There seems to be a growing consensus among economists that a stimulus lo Ihe economy to over- come recession should take priority over measures to bring down inflation Ten leading economists have advised Ihe White House to stimulate, although to differing degrees; so have the Big Four aulo makers and the bead of the United- Automobile Workers; and former Budg- et Director Charles has given the same advice lo the senate budget commiltee. Treasury Secretary William Simon and Alan Greenspan, chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers, appar- ently are not as yet convinced lhat stim- ulus is needed. Why other economists disagree is well illustrated by an exam- ple Schultz cited; Already, he said, the economy has slipped so far thai if stimulus could pro- duce an upturn by mid-1975, and the economy then grew steadily at the swift rate of 7 percent annually, it still would be the last quarter of 1978 before unem- ployment could be reduced to 5 percent of the labor force. up Unemployment in November was at ti.5 percent. Some economists think it may rise to 8 percent or higher in Ihe corning year. Ken Bannon. vice-presi- dent of the CAW. said lhat in the hard- hit automobile industry. "It's a depres- sion, that's for sure." Yet. the consumer price index rose 11.9 percent in November, leaving the cost-of-living more than 12 percent high- er than it was at the end of November, 1H73. "Real" income was down 6.2 per- cent in the same 12 months. Inflation obviously is still at hand, with prices rising in November for food (up nearly 1.5 particularly sugar, clo- thing, natural gas and almost every- thing else but gasoline. The dilemma is that measures lo stimulate the economy and put people back to work also will have an inflation- ary effect, while stern measures lo fight inflation will further depress Ihe econo- my and put people out of work. The economists who opt for stimulus are therefore choosing Ihe lesser' evil. They believe lhat economic activity has slumped lo such a degree and unem- ployment has risen at such a rale lhat recession poses a much greater immedi- ate threat lhan inflation. Inflation-force for example, said in an in- terview that if putting the nation "through a wringer" lo cure inflation produced H percent unemployment, "that's just not socially acceptable." Other anti-inflation tools, including wage and price controls, were prefera- ble, in his view. But a stimulus in the general range of S20-to would pul people back to work and keep others working, said, without undue inflationary impact next year. He con- ceded that, if long sustained, such eco- nomic stimulus would be highly infla- tionary, and therefore suggested that some part of the lax cut he proposed should be temporary. Most economists who recommended a stimulus appeared to fauir a tax cut oxer more federal spending, although Iheir detailed statements were not made public. Assuming quick congressional action, a tax cut more speedily affects the economy than any spending pro- gram possibly can; a big public works Tom Wicker program might have no real economic. impact for a year and a half, .lust as' important, a tax cut can be "turned off" quickly when no longer needed while federal spending programs lend to go on forever. Therefore a tux cut is more at- tractive to those who want quick stimu- lus on a temporary basis. Kven lhat kind of stimulus obviously is going lo be hard lo swallow for a President who entered office proclaim- ing inflation "public enemy No. 1" and who as recently as October was recom- mending a lax increase for all'but Ihe lowest income group. With or without the tax cut. Presi- dent Ford's first budget probably is going to show Ihe largest peacetime def- icit in history. That is not a happy prospect for him, with his commitment to fight inflation. But if an economic slimulus now ptils people back to work and gets the econo- my on the rise, he need scarcely fear Ihe political result in New York Times Service Hardest part: To balance what's right By James J. Kilpatrick SCKABBt.K, Va. Lot mo lulk for a iiKiiui'iH. if 1 niuy, about the high price nf cars, (he need for eoul, and the road to Woodville, because the three themes twist together; they all add up. Fur last 111 or 12 months, the Forces nf Progress have been at work nil our road. A year ago, we had an en- tirely adequate gravel country road. It was lined with trees that were pastel lace in spring and crimson fire in [all. The ditch banks provided cover (or rab- bits, woodchiicks, and quail. Near White Walnut Run, the day lilies, red and gold, used to spring up like pennoned trumpets every May. In the memory of man, there had not been a serious accident on the road. The volume of traffic was not impressive: two vehicles an hour around the clock. But the Forces of Progress.prevailed. Til cover the front door, you get the Now the trees are gone, the animals are gone, the day lilies lie bedded beneath three Inches of compacted stone, and we have a splendid, boulevard instead. Recently the President of the United Slates, a man of conservative instincts, wrestled with the strip mining bill. The purpose of the bill is to protect land and surface wntcrw from the bleeding scars that are left when stripped earth expos- es veins of voal. If the bill takes effect, coal will crat more; and the higher price will further inflate the cost of steel, electric energy, and Industrial goods. Karlier month, General Motors filed an impressive statement with the senate government operations commit- tee, pleading for three-year morato- rium on further safety and environmen- tal requirements. These requirements, imposed with the very best intentions, already have added to the cost of a new car. If pending proposals also are adopted, these costs would roughly dou- ble, to about per car. Largely be- cause lit high price tags, automobile sales have slumped and nearly auto workers have lost their jobs. Balancing act How do we tie these things together? How do we find right answers? How do we cope wisely with both the short run and the long liaul? In the making of po- litical decisions, it is no problem In choose between right and wrong. The problem the most" difficult of all problems is tn balance right against right, to choose between what is needed and what is needed in a different way. Nothing is gained, it seems to me, by vituperation, demagoguery, and insult. Out in Kansas City 'the other day. George McGovern delivered a blistering assault upon the "robber barons" and "exploiters" of industry. My friends in industry, for their part, tend to de- nounce McGovern's people as bleeding hearts, do-gooders, and gauzy dream- ers. This gets ns nowhere. My brother conservatives, if they would lie worthy of the name, cannot let themselves be identified with the short haul only. If our function is not to con- serve, what, then, is our function'.' We are often accused of looking too much to history, to what is past. V'e oughl to welcome a change that we look'also to history yet unwritten, to what wtll be. People's forum Too salty To the Editor: The city's present practice of using salt on intersections of all kinds in the city causes thousands of dollars' worth nl damage to everybody's cars and trucks. This practice is not too successful. When there is a light snow of two to three inches and the crossings arc salted, snow gels like mud and they are just as slick as before. This is evident in the many accidents around town at these times. When officials get the snow plows out this solves most nf the problem, bill they .vein In he reluctant to gel the plows out for a light snow. There must be something Ihey could use I hat wouldn't nisi out everyone's car. I'm sure Hie people would be glad to pay a little more for something else that would fin [he job. Charles liisdon 2113 Thirty-fourth street drive SK Adoption view To the Kclitor: In reply to Priscilla Cummins' com- ments regarding adoption in the Novem- ber 25 Koruni: I am a foster mother who lias an altogether different viewpoint. 1. I surely do not [eel that an unwed girl keeping her baby is as bad as an abortion. At least she will not have In an- swer to God for destroying a human life. Rather, she is to be admired for la'king the responsibility of raising her baby the hard'way and nol taking the easy way abortion. 2. 1 have been a foster mother for 301) babies in Ihe lasl eleven years and in thai lime a number of girls have kept their babies. F.very young mother whom I have met was extremely excited about her baby and showed a genuine interest. I never heard of one of these babies who were relumed to the tnolher ever being physically or menially abused. A number of girls needed time to pre- pare themselves for the responsibility ahead of them. Therefore, the baby re- mained in my home until Ihey were pre- pared. During Iheir visits they would cry because they were not yet ready and would have to leave without their baby. :i. I don't feel that parents, neighbors or friends should interfere with a girl's decision either to keep 'her baby or place the baby for adoption. II must be a very difficult decision to make. As a foster mother, I have a hard time giving up my babies because I love them so. 1 also feel that Ihe welfare of all con- cerned unwed mother, the baby and prospective adoptive couples should be kept in focus. Our job as foster par- ents is In love and care for these darling babies while we have them in our home and we should leave the ultimate deci- sion in the hands of the person who Knows the mother. Bermce Slraka 10HII West View Drive Marion Long and short Our little winding country road offers an example of all those bogus improve- ments Dial are destructive to no good end. The strip mining bill and the mora- torium on automobile requirements are examples of the gray area in which men of goodwill musl seek fair compromise. Looking to the short haul, we musl in- sure economic survival. Looking lo the long haul, we cannot afford lo lose Ihe momentum toward clean air. clean wa- ter, and the preservation of a livable land. A sensible strip mining bill oughl lo be enacted: we need it for the long haul. The automobile industry must be pro- tected from further obsessive demands by environmentalists and safely Families. The industry dosperalo- ly needs short-haul relief. And men of goodwill everywhere owe it to generations past, and to genera- lions future, to think harder on the need for conserving this planet. 11 is. after all, the unly planet we have. James J. Kilpatrick Inflexibility can lead to doom BOTH Arabs and Israelis have to bend By Roscoe Drummond WASHINGTON II is not anti-Semi- tic lo report that many Americans and some high officials in Ihe I'.S. govern- ment are weakening in Iheir pro-Israel sentiment. Americans and Israelis alike, who want lo see I'.S. support lor Ihe inlegrity of Israel continued, had heller heed Ihe trend before it becomes uncontrollable I wrile as one who has supported Up- rightness and Ihe humaneness ol a .Icw- ish homeland and Ihe Israeli stale lie- lore it was created by the I'nited Na (tons. Must Americans are coin lined. I be- lieve, lhal Ihe survival of Israel behind secure frontiers as secure as those ol nther nations is in the best inlrn >ls the I'nited S'.-ife-. and Hi-' pc.r-c "f 'h- world Bui today it is nol self-evidenlly tin- highest American priority. i was icvollcd Ihe uci foi mamc nf Yassir Arafal at Ihe I'niled Nations and by Ihe performance of Ihe I'niled Na- tions in Ihe presence of Arafat. But Ihe Palestinians have a valid case and it is still being unwisely ignored by Ihe Isra- elis. Israeli leaders have always said lo Ihe I'niled Stales or sell us the arms and we'll defend ourselves, we no more Bui one or two more wars in the Middle l-'.asl will be disas- Irons for Ihe Israelis, for Hie Arabs and [or the foiled Stales. What 1 am trying I" say lo Ihe friends of Ihe Tinted Stales in Israel and lo Hie friends of Israel in the I niled st.-ili's H.IV lies! In I F Stone in a receo'rlalk at Temple Sinai in Washing- Ion. DC. Slonc is a distinguished nahsl and an American .lew who would never lliink of liiiitaclf other than ,i.s pro- Israel. His words deserve lo be seriously pondered: "We cannot ignore Ihe problems of the Arab refugees and of Palestinian na- tional aspirations, nor blind ourselves lo Iheir realities. We cannot say lhal .lews have a right to yearn lor Palestine allor 1 years and deny Ihe Arabs Ihe right lo yearn for Iheir homes afler lit years. "The way to etui the terror, Ihe way to heal Ihe breach is firsl of all lo rccog- lhal Ibis is a struggle of right against right, thai there is an Aral) side anil a .lewish side, lhal we musl fun) a way to live together. "It would be wise to detach the West Bank now from Israel, lo pul it under international auspices for two or three to let Ihe Palestinian Arabs Ihere and in the diaspora decide fur them selves what kind of stale Ihey want In establish "Israel can win another war, maybe two more, maybe three, but it cannot survive without finding the path to rec- onciliation. Otherwise it will eventually be destroyed, after a bare century of ex- istenee I want to see Israel live." So do innsl Americans. Why. Ihen, shouldn't Israel come forward with Us fairesl-mmdcd, most constructive and must persuasive proposal for negolla lion'' Then, depending upon Ihe Arab re- sponse, the world can well lodge who is standing in the way a pearcful settle iiienl and ai I ai-cordmu'ly
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