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Cedar Rapids Gazette Newspaper Archive: December 26, 1974 - Page 1

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Publication: Cedar Rapids Gazette

Location: Cedar Rapids, Iowa

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   Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - December 26, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa                                Weath er-- Cliunce of freezing ruin [tonight changing to enow by Friday. Lows tonight upper 20s. Highs Friday low 30s. CITY FINAL 15 CENTS VOLUME 92 NUMBER 351 CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA, THURSDAY, DKCIiMBER 20, 1974 PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES CONVICTS END PRISON SIEGE See Soviet Liberalizing On Travel MOSCOW (UPI) In what Western diplomatic sources said was a sweeping liberalization measure, the Soviet Union an- nounced Thursday that all citi- zens over 16 will be issued inter- nal passports permitting travel inside Russia. This includes an estimated 46 million "Kolkhozniks" workers on collective farms who were denied such docu- ments in the past, effectively tying them to their work on the land. "This is a great step up for them, a big liberalizing mea- a Western diplomat said. "They have been virtually sec- ond-class citizens in the past." New Documents The changeover period is from Jan. 1, 1976 to Dec. 31, 1981 during which time the total So- viet adult population, estimated at 200 million persons, shoulc get new documents for life. The present internal passport mus be changed at certain ages. The Tass news agency said the decision was taken by the Communist party central com- mittee and the council of min- isters. Maj. Gen. I. N. Shoutov, depu- ty chief of the Moscow execu live committee of the- interior ministry, told the Vechernaya Moscow newspaper: "New leg- islation means there must be changes in the passport system From now on, passports will he issued to everyone throughout the country." Soviet citizens are not permit- ted to travel inside the Sovie Union without an internal pass- port. Passports to date have been limited! to inhabitants o cities. First Time The decree means about 46 million "Kolkhozniks" collec live farm workers will ge1 passports for the first time. Asked the move wouk prompt a migration from the ar duous task of working the lane toward jobs in the cities, the Western source said. "It is pos sible that the young workers especially there will be some movement in this direc lion. Officials Plan Better White House Security h r istm a s crashing by a WASHINGTON (AP) 'icials say they expect to review and improve White House secu- r i t y measures following a morning gate- self-proclaimed "Messiah" who kept guards at 3ay for hours with bogus explo- ives. Treasury Secretary Simon said the incident, which came 10 months after a young GI crashed a stolen army heli- copter on the White House lawn, (Photo on Picture Page) demonstrated the need "to see how similar things could be pre- vented from happening again." "Professional" Simon also commended the secret service, a treasury de- partment agency, for its "pro- fessional" handling of WedneS' day's intruder, who rammed his automobile through a closed White House gate. President Ford and his family were away on a skiing vacation in Colorado. A secret service spokesman said that for that reason, White House guards had Wlreoholo Disease Poses Threat To Cyclone Survivors DARWIN, Australia (AP) would have to be evacu- Diseascs from polluted water unm ule lown was rebuilt. SKI BUDDIES Mark Parma, 14, of LaJolla, Calif., went along Christmas afternoon when President Ford spent a couple of hours skiing. Mark said: "It was fun skiing with the President." The Fords and Par- mas are longtime friends. Economy and Fuel on Busy Ford Agenda VAIL Colo. (AP) lAfter a family Christmas here in the Rockies, President Ford has mapped out a busy work sched- ule for the rest of the week, including conferences with en- ergy and economic advisers. Due here late Thursday from Washington via a military courier flight was what Ford termed a "rather voluminous" report on allegations that the Central Intelligence Agency en- gaged in widespread illegal do- mestic spying before he took of- fice. Press Secretary Ron Nessen said Ford would study the CIA report, prepared by agency director William Colby, before deciding "on any action to be taken." The President will meet Fri- Thursday threatened the survi- vors of the Christmas cyclone that devastated Darwin, north- ern Australia's major city. Doctors at Darwin hospital said the children being admitted with illness caused by drinking polluted water now outnumber injuries caused by the killer storm. The city of was without adequate safe water, sewage (Photos on Picture Page.) service and electric power, and authorities feared outbreaks of cholera and tetanus. The lack of electricity to re- frigerate food added to the threat of disease. A campaign of cholera UK: .riusiuuNL will Intel rii- By the time the changeover lday g{ hjs snow.covered ski cha. period ends, the total Soviet population aged over 16 an estimated 200 million persons will have received the new doc- uments. Urgent Brezhnev Word to Sadat CAIRO (AP) Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev sent an urgent message Thursday to Egyptian President Anwar Sadat, the Middle East news agency re- ported. It was not immediately known if the message dealt with Brezh- nev's visit to Egypt scheduled for Jan. 15. 400Stabbings In South Africa JOHANNESBURG, South Afri- ca (AP) More than 400 per- sons were hospitalized with stab wounds Christmas day in Sovve- lo. the sprawling reserve for blacks outside Johannesburg. Police reported one death. Christmas in the reserve, or township, is a lime of fear for many of its estimated million people when gangs of young thugs known as tsotsis roam the unlit slreet-s. As stabbing virlims poured into Sowelo's huge Barag- wanath hospital Wednesday nnd Thursday, the wards looked like front-line casualty stations. The staff could manage only emergency cases. Many of the wounded spent Wednesday night on benches waiting for treat- ment. let with.members of his Energy Resources Council. On Saturday he will confer with his economic policy board. Nessen said neither meeting would produce final policy deci- sions. Instead, the sessions are part of Ford's preparation for January policy announcements in his State of the Union address, 'economic report and proposed federal budget. The President will be making decisions this week on whether to sign or veto dozens of bills that congress passed in the final days of its 1974 session. Since coming here Sunday, Ford ha? vetoed two bills and signed 15 others. Ford's rented seven-bedroom home was filled for the 'holiday with family and friends. The President iuid reporters he re- ceived "a whole raft of very nice things" plus some food which the dieting Chief Execu- tive said he didn't need. Today's Index Comics .....................22 Crossword ..................22 Daily Record ...3 Dcnths .....................5 Editorial Farm ......................H Financial ..................23 Marion ......................8 Movies .....................21 Society ...............10-12 Sports ...................17-19 State ......................1. 5 Television Wnnt Ads ......20 .26-29 and tetanus immunizations was be- gun. Air Force Role The Australian air force be- gan evacuating critically in- jured survivors. It flew in more than 20 planeloads of medical supplies, drinking water, food, blankets, clothing 'and medical teams and took more than 200 persons to hospitals in east coast cities, more than five hours away. Defense Minister Lance Bar- nard took charge of the relief operation and said 40 persons were known dead. Others put deaths las high as 80. Hundreds were reported injured or miss- ing. Barnard said at least Survivors reported 90 percent of the buildings damaged or demolished. Relief organizations in Aus- tralia's southern cities began preparations to house evacuees at race tracks, fairgrounds and government hostels. U.S. Offer Appeals were made for blood, accommodations and money. Offers of help came from New Zealand, the U. S. and Britain. The government accepted the offer of ;a huge U.S. air force Starlifter, a transport plane from New Zealand and a British submarine whose generators can provide enough power for a city the size of Darwin. Rescue operations were ham- pered by continued rain from the cyclone, Tracy, which roared Ehrlichman In Dark on CIA: Lawyer WASHINGTON (AP) John Ehrlichman's lawyer told the Watergate cover-up trial jury Thursday that Richard Nixon kept Ehrlichman in the dark about plans to use the Central Intelligence Agency to limit the FBI's investigation of the Wa- out of the Timor sea before dawn Wednesday and lashed Darwin for four hours with winds up to 120 miles an hour and heavy rains. more than Sydney and 900 Darwin is miles from miles by road from the nearest large town, Alice Springs, in central Australia. At this time of year it is accessible only by sea and air because roads across the hundreds of miles of desert and prairie are cut by the monsoon rains. Domestic airliners, executive jels and other private planes were mobilized for the relief airlift. more "compas- reacted in a sionate" way. No shots were fired during the tense four-hour confrontation as Hie man, wearing makeshift Arab garb and wired to what guards feared were explosives, stood near the north portico where Presidents frequently greet visiting foreign dignilar- ;rounds, keeping a wary dis- .ance from the intruder. On his head, Fields wore a jiecc of white cloth tied to re- iemble an Arab burnoose. He leld his dark-gloved hands in the air. Wires ran from his legs to two satchels he had placed on Ihe ground. He was speaking in Arabic and guards had to get an interpreter. The intruder surrendered after hearing on his car radio a broadcast by the Howard uni- versity radio station of his de- mand to talk with Sahabzada Yaqub Kahn, Pakistan's ambas- sador to the U.S. No Idea A spokesman for the Pakistan embassy later said the ambas- sador had never heard of Fields and refused to see him. Police said they had no idea why Fields wanted to talk with the ambassador. j Fields was questioned by I White House security men anc then turned over to Washington police, who took him to St Elizabeth's hospital for observa tion before any charges are filed. A secret service spokes man said this was expected ti Last of 10 Hostages Released ice. After he surrendered, the se- cret service said agents found that the intruder, identified as Marshall H. Fields, 25, of subur- ban Silver Spring, Md., had no explosives. tergate breakin. Continuing the theme that Ehrlichman was misled, attor- ney William Frates told the jury: "I have mixed emotions when we start talking about former President Nixon and they go from anger to sadness." Turning to a June 23, 1972, White House meeting at which top CIA officials were instructed to inform the FBI that its Wa- tergate investigation could un- cover covert operations in Mex- ico, Frates reminded the jury that before that meeting Nixon and H. R. Haldeman had dis- cussed the CIA approach. A tape of that mating was turned over to the court and its contents made public before Nixon's resignation as Pres- ident. "The President never told John Ehrlichman about it (the Haldeman conversation) and he (Ehrlichman) found out about it the same time you folks heard about it, when it was in the Frates said. Frates portrayed Ehrlichman as the White House square who consistently advocated putting out the full story of Watergate. But, said Frates, "The Pres- (Continued: Page 3, Col. 3.) Observation Fields, the son of a deceased state department official who had served in Arab countries was then taken to a mental hos- pital for observation. In a rambling statemenl mailed recently to severa! Washington area news organiza- tions, a man identifying himsell as Fields had indicated he would take some sort of action against the government on Christmas day, declaring, "I am the Messiah to those who wish to believe." Secret service spokesman Wil- liam Hawthorne said Fields had been "of interest" to the agency before Wednesday, but he would not elaborate. Chief Earl Drescher of the Ex- ecutive Protective Service, said security absolute enough to rule out the possibility of a similar intrusion probably would be un- attainable without turning the White House into "an armed camp." "Gunned" Through Police said Fields made a U- turn on Pennsylvania avenue front of the White House about dawn, "gunned" his car througl the large cast-iron northwee, gate and then sped up a winding 100-yard driveway to the White House. What had started as a quiel Christmas morning became ake at least five days. The secret service said Field was the son of Marshall L Fields, a former official of th U.S. Agency for Internationa 3evelopment who died o cancer last May. He had serve as an education specialist such countries as Iraq, Liby and the Sudan. The younger Fields, who ha learned Arabic while livin abroad with his parents and wa a student at Howard in 1969-70 aegan acting erratically afte his father's death, friends an associates said. Snow, Ice Storm Hits Sections of Southwest U.S. By United Press International A Christmas snow and ic storm piled up 5 inches of sno in El Paso, Texas and Alami gordo, N.M., Thursday a n freezing rain slicked highway in WeSt Texas and southea: New Mexico. The National Weather Service said more was on the way and issued heavy snow warnings for Texas west of the Peeos river, northeast New Mexico and southeast Colorado. The Texas department of pub- lic safety ordered cars to put on tire chains for traveling Guada- lupe pass and sent snow plows ahead to clear the way. "It is open but you have to go pretty said 'Jose Lujan at the highway office in the pass. An unexpected Christmas storm heaped Snows an inch to a foot deep in New England, making travel hazardous and contributing to at least nine traf- fic 'deaths, authorities said. New Hampshire and Maine re- ported a foot of powder snow in some areas While Cape Cod got only an inch. Officials at the National Weather Service in I.ORTON, Va. (AP) Armed mates at Lorton reformatory ided a two-day siege jat the Thursday land released icir last seven hostages un- armed. They had previously cleased three others. The hostages were released at 25 p.m. CST and escorted irough the prison wall for a eunion with their families. The prisoners released the ostages after receiving assur- nce from authorities there rould be no reprisals for the wo-day siege. Four prisoners succeeded in arrying out a complicated es- ape plan Wednesday night at fie beginning of the prison dis- u r b a n c e. State police later Mild one of the escapees dead f a gunshot, wound In the auto ie four used to flee Lorton, a )istrict of Columbia prison lo- ated in the Virginia suburbs of Washington, D. C. Early Thursday inmate negoti- itors representing all or some if approximately 100 prisoners involved in the disturbance ob- .ained the signatures of District of Columbia penal officials to mprove specified prison condi- tions. Received Guarantee They then sought and re- ceived the guarantee from Gerard that the Bureau of Pris- ons'would not transfer any of .he participants in the distur- bance. The disturbance broke out Christmas night following the collapse of a large-scale escape attempt. As inmate negotiators and prison officials hammered out an agreement to end the stale- mate and free the hostages, Thomas Reed, an inmate lead- er, told a reporter inside the prison that the guards were seized by prisoners after the es- cape plan failed. Ten guards were seized origi- nally but one subsequently was released. Posing as Guard The plot called for prisoners who fanned out over Ihe Dad Jailed, Flock To Aid Family CHARLOTTE, N.C. (AP) There were presents and food aplenty at the Leonard Harris home Christmas day. But the head of the house was miss- .ing. He was in jail on a bank robbery charge. "Man, I had' to do Harris told a television news- man in an interview broad- cast Tuesday, shortly after the robbery. "Tomorrow's Christmas, my babies don't have anything. There's no food in the icebox." Tlic interview prompted a sudden spate of donations food, gifts and cash. By midnight Christmas eve, the family was swamped, said Mrs. Harris. "1 was really shocked especially as hard a time as people are having with jobs and she said. "My re- frigerator and cabinets arc loaded. The kids had a won- derful Christmas. The only thing that was missing was their father "I was sad but I was happy with the way people reacted. They came to me and asked if I needed help. They look me shopping for groceries and loys. Everyone has just been really beautiful." Harris, 30, a salesman who said he has been oul of steady work for six months, spent Christmas in the county jail in lieu of bond. The FBI declined !o say how much money was taken from a shopping center branch of the Northwestern bank, but Mrs. Harris said authorities recovered it. Harris turned himself in to a photographer-reporter for station WSOC-TV, Curt Peters, as police closed in on the area near where he lived. Officials say they tracked the getaway car with a helicopter. Peters said Harris walked up to him and said, "I'm the guy who robbed Ihe bank." Peters took Harris to the stud- io, filmed an interview and drove him to the FBI office. Harris said that, although he attended Tennessee's state agricultural and industrial college for three years, he had been unable to find steady luui 111115 tense stand-off between Fields Boston said the northeastern and While House security men storm caught Uiem by surprise. Rockefeller Trip To Puerto Rico NEW YORK (AP) Vice- president Rockefeller and members of his family went to Puerto Rico Thursday for a week's vacation at Dorado Beach near San Juan. Press Secretary Hugh Morrow said Secretary of State Kis- singer and his wife would join the Rockefellers during their stay. Rockefeller was to fly in his own plane from Westchesler County airport in White Plains. He plans to return Jan. 2. employment since he moved to Charlotte from New York last June. Mrs. Harris said they made the move with their two chil- dren age 8 and 20 months after she contracted rheu- matic fever and a doctor told her she needed a wanner cli- mate. She said she did not approve of her husband's action and she didn't know about it be- forehand but she understood his motive. "It was just at the point where it was cither the kids without Christmas or, well, he did what he had to she said. "I didn't want him to do it. Len's not a criminal. It was something he felt he had to do for his family." Today's Chuckle Teenage girl to a friend: "She's the sweet, shy, quiet kind you can't trust alone with your boyfriend." armed with a handgun and wmemade knives to capture a guard during the showing of a Christmas night movie and dress an inmate in the guard's uniform. The inmate, posing as a guard, would then enter a watch tower that controls the gale to the prison and open the gate for the other risoners. Reed said the scheme worked up to that point but the inmate posing as the guard and three >ther prisoners escaped out the ;ate before other prisoners could reach the gate. "They crossed Reed said. The remaining prisoners then grabbed a small arsenal of rifles and shotguns, took the other guards hostage and com- mandeered the prison's cafete- ria, Reed said. However, a pris- on spokesman said> the inmates did not have rifles and shotguns but were armed only with home- made knives. Newsmen Enter When the prisoners demanded to talk to news reporters, prison officials arranged for a group of newsmen to enter Ihe prison to meet the inmates and witness their discussions with District of Columbia Corrections Director Delbert Jackson. The prison is operated by the D.C. govern- ment. Reed and other inmate negoti- ators received promises from Jackson that there would be ad- ditional visiting time allowed for the inmates and that Jack- son wouldi recommend against punitive transfers for the in- mates involved in the distur- bance. Jackson rejected two inmate demands that he remove the security director for the max- imum security portion of Ihe prison and that he there would be no prosecutions (Continued: Page 3, Col. 5.)   

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