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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - December 15, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa THE BUSINESS OF Look at HowC. R. Stores Doing (In Section A) Many Traditions Represented In Section B) m Weather Rain tuning snw, ending ltday Hlgi near CUady Muday, Ughs 25-31. VOLUME 92 NUMBER 340 CITY FINAL 35 CENTS CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA, SUNDAY, DECEMBER 15, 1974 ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES EUROPEANS BUYING IOWA LAND Ford, Giscard Ease Oil Stands FORT DE FRANCE, Marti- nique (AP) Pressing to break a U. S.-French impasse on world energy policy, Pres- ident Ford told French Pres- ident Valery Giscard d'Esta- ing on Saturday night that "cooperation and solidarity among consumer nations" is the best way to blunt rising oil prices. Exchanging toasts at a formal dinner, the French president in turn indicated a willingness to work out a joint approach to key issues, de- claring "it is by concert that we will arrive at a solu- tion to the problem of rising petroleum prices." Ford arrived on this Car- ribean island earlier Saturday for two days of talks with Giscard d'Estaing. During the flight from Washington a sen- ior adviser told newsmen the President is ready to reach a compromise with France on world energy policy. Compromise Details of an energy agree- ment remain to be worked out, but the senior official said the move could lead to a major international confer- ence next summer between oil consuming and oil producing nations. The official, who declined to be named, indicated that under the proposed compro- mise, the U. S. would ease its pressure for France to join the U. S.-sponsorcd International Energy Agency, while France would soften its insistence for a quick conference between the oil consuming and oil pro- ducing nations. In toasting Giscard d'Esta- ing, Ford declared: "Unilater- al measures can no longer suf- fice in solving problems of such universal dimension" as the problem of energy and pe- troleum. "If we are to transcend our difficulties and successfully meet our challenges, we seek constructive dialogue, not Ford said. The U. S. is convinced that cooperation and solidarity among the consuming nations marks the surest way to reach understanding with the prod- ucer nations, which we all desire." Preparations The U. S. has opposed a conference of petroleum users and producers as has been urged by France unless careful preparations are first made to insure the consuming nations will present a unified bargaining position. Giscard d'Estaing in his dinner remarks signaled a readiness to go along with such preparations. The pur- pose of "harmonizing the posi- tions" on energy is to "pre- pare for the meeting at the same table and at a fixed date of countries willing to recon- cile their respective points of view in the interest of world he said. Earlier a U. S. official said, "We won't go to an unpre- pared conference." If consum- (Continued: Page Col. 2) UPI TclcDhoto UNPOPULAR black citizens of Ste. Marie, Martinique, Saturday rushed a protester, who was trying to hand out leaflets protesting the talks between President Ford and French President Valery Gisgard D'Estaing. The protester, along with another man and a woman, was punched, kicked, thrown to the ground and sent fleeing down a hill where crowds awaited the French leader. Doubts Sirhan Killed RFK Grow Coffee Countries Move to Hike Prices PUERTO ORDAZ, Venezue- la (AP) The five Central American countries and Pan- ama agreed Saturday to hold part of their coffee crops off the world market to try to drive up prices. Oil-rich Vene- zuela agreed to back the countries financially. The six countries exported million worth of coffee in 1973 and, according to a re- cent statistic, between 80 and 90 percent of the exports go to the U.S. Each country exports an average of 150 million pounds of coffee annually. A declaration signed at the Today's Index SECTION A Lole Deaths.................................................... 3 Editorials............................................. 8-9 Cltv Hall 16 Report Cord..........................................7? Accent On Youth................................. 74 SECTION B lowo News......................................... 1-13 Frank Nvc's Political Notes...................4 Television TuoSe...................................... Food..................................................... 10 Marlon.................................................. 17 Buildlno......................................... 14-17 Movies............................. 18-19 Record Reviews........................ 19 Farm 7071 SFCTION C Social............................................. 1-76 Around thr Town ..............7 New Books........................................... 7 Travel........................................... IS Sf-CTION D Sports............................................ IB Outdoor lowo................................8 Flnonrlol............................... 9 17 New York Slot ID Wont Ads...................................... 13 74 Crossword........................... 18 Moiode Mooorme 1 16 fomlcs........................ 1-8 end of a two-day summit meeting here .called for limit- ing the supply of coffee to ob- "just prices." The nation- al leaders did not say how much would be withheld but said their finance ministers would meet in Guatemala on Tuesday to work out arrange- ments. Unofficial sources said Ven- ezuela, which expects to have oil revenues this year of billion, would provide about million to finance the scheme. In the so-called Guayana Declaration, Venezuela also agreed to finance several in- vestment projects in Central America and the six smaller countries agreed to buy a total of barrels of Venezuelan oil a day at current market prices. Under the financing mecha- nism for the oil-investment swap, Venezuela will set up a fund in its central bank from which the central banks of the six countries can obtain 25- year loans to buy the oil. Coffee prices have been fall- ing on world commodity markets in recent months. Though the wholesale cash price in New York was just under 70 cents a pound last week, futures contracts for delivery next spring and summer are selling for 60 cents or less. The joint arlion is intended lo halt that dec- lino. Attending the session were the presidents of Costa Rica. Nicaragua, Honduras, El Salvador, Guatemala and Ven- ezuela and Panamanian strongman (Jen. Omar Tor- rijos. By John Crewdson New York Times Service LOS ANGELES More than six years after the as- sassination of Robert F. Kennedy, a small group of criminologlsts, public officials and eye-witnesses to the shoot- ing are questioning some of the evidence that led to the conviction of Sirhan Sirhan, a Jordanian immigrant, as the late senator's only assailant. Such doubts, founded main- ly on a re-examination of the record of Sirhan's 1969 murder trial and related docu- ments, have begun lo spread in recent months from a cote- rie of assassination "buffs" to political figures, investigators and journalists. None doubt Sirhan's in- volvement in the attack on Kennedy; but some question whether the bullets that he fired killed Kennedy, and others question whether his bullets hit Kennedy at all. on Bullet Attention is focused on one of the bullets removed from Kennedy's body thai some say does not appear to match oth- ers fired from Sirhan's pistol, and on eyewitness testimony that places Sirhan farther from the senator at Ihe lime of Ihe shooling than the scien- tific evidence would indicate. Joseph Busch, the Los An- geles county district attorney, dismisses the assertions as unfounded, based on a mis- reading of the evidence, and says that Robert Kennedy's only assailanl is Sirhan, who is safely behind bars. The controversy has existed since the Sirhnn trial, but has intensified since lasl May when a Los Angeles county supervisor, Baxler Ward, held a special hearing al which ballistics experts testified about sonic anomalies in the bullets recovered from the bodies of Kennedy and five by- standers who were also wounded in the kitchen of the Ambassador here on the night of June 5, 1968. Extensive Accinnt Ward's call for a renewed investigation of the ballistic and other evidence is also taken up in an article in the January issue of Harper's magazine, which goes on sale Monday. The article, one of the first extensive accounts of the conflicting evidence and testi- mony surrounding Robert Kennedy's death to appear in a national publication, is based on an investigation by two journalists, Betsy Lang- man and Alexander Coekbnrn A separate inquiry is being conducted by Allan! Lowen- stein, a former congressman from New York. Lowenstein was expected to disclose some of his findings at a news conference in New York today, along with Paul Schradc, a political associate of Kennedy who was also wounded at the hotel on the night of the 1968 California presidential pri- mary election. Although a number of diver- gent theories purport to re- solve the various conflicts, a common thread runs through most of them the absence of what some see as conclusive scientific proof that the bullets that struck Kennedy were fired by a single pistol. Eye- witness testimony contradicts some of the findings of De- wayne Wolfer of the Los Ange- N.Y. Program Eliminates One Surgery Out of Four Today's Chuckle The quickest way lo become an old dog is lo stop learning new tricks. Convrlohl By Frances Cerra New York Times Service NEW YORK More than one of four of the operations recommended to a group of lo- cal union members by their original physi- cians were not warranted in the view of a second consulting expert brought in under a program aimed at preventing unnecessary surgery. The results of the program are still con- sidered preliminary, and have been chal- lenged by some medical authorities. But they have so impressed city officials that a sim- ilar system is expected to be broadened within two months to include all of the mil- lion municipal employes and their depend- ents, according to Gruskin, director of the city's bureau of health insurance. The bulk of those now participating in the program are the members of District 37 of the American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employes and their families. Mllllsn Saving The city has estimated, Gruskin said, that by reducing unnecessary hospilalization, million can be cut from the city's bill for medical benefits, currently million a year. And an official of the Associated Hos- pital Service of New York says it is consider- ing providing such a program for all of ils subscribers. Dr. Eugene McCarthy, associated clinical professor of public health at Cornell medical college, designed the pro-surgical screening program under which six trade unions with a combined membership of encourage members to seek a second expert opinion following a doctor's recommendation for surgery. McCarthy cautioned against drawing a conclusion that more than one out of four of all operations being performed on the gener- al public were not necessary, since participa- tion in the program by most of the union members was voluntary and those who asked for a second opinion might have had some doubt about their need for surgery. How Program Works One of those who sought such a consulta- tion was Marie Claire of Forest Hills, N.Y. Mrs. Claire is a civilian police administration aide, and her experience is illustrative of how the program works. In September, a doctor at a hospital here told Mrs. Claire that she should undergo -an operation to correct a deviated spctum, a crooked nasal passage. But Mrs. Claire was not sure she needed the surgery. She had heard that through her union, District 37, she could get another medical opinion. "The (consulting) doctor told me I didn't need the operation, that I did have a slightly deviated septum, but that I was having trou- ble breathing because of a swollen mem- she said in a recent interview. The consultant recommended that she use a nasal spray, and now, more than a year later, Mrs. Claire says she has no trouble breathing. Mrs. Claire Is one of persons who asked for a second opinion from February, 1972. through last Oct. 31. According lo McCarthy, 548 of those persons, or'28 per- cent, were, like Mrs Claire, told they did not need surgery. Lax Laws Cloud Full Extent of Farm Sales By AI Swegle Several European business men have purchased farm- land in Eastern Iowa, and more farmland sale's are expected to be disclosed soon. However, lowans probably will never know how much farmland has really been purchased by foreign investors to date, because of lax laws regarding what information must be included on property transfer documents. Individuals recording property transfers at Iowa court houses cannot be required by county recorders to list the true name or address of the owners involved. Additionally, deeds do not have to be recorded with county recorders to be considered legal in Iowa. Foreign land buyers in Iowa are taking advantage of these provisions to hide their identities. In some cases in Iowa and California, foreigners are buy- ing land under a silent partnership arrangement to keep their identity secret. Nevertheless, The Gazette has learned that at least six Italians and West Germans have been actively buying farm- land in Eastern Iowa. One transaction, if closed, is expected to be a million deal. The European investors have purchased farmland in Benton and Van Buren counties and deals are pending in Cedar and Fayette counties. Rumors of two sales in Linn and Muscatine counties have proved to be false. Unlike international corporations, foreign Individuals do not have to register their Intent to do business in Iowa. Foreign corporations doing business in Iowa must regis- ter with the secretary of slate. One firm that has, Furutzi, Inc., is an Italian grain export firm that plans to do mil- lion worth of business in Iowa this year. Another Italian firm as well as a Japanese and a Canadi- an firm have also registered wllh the secretary of stale within the past two years. The Arabs have had some dealings with lowans, but so far their interest has been in advice, not farms. The farmland deals have been difficult to confirm, as (he transactions believed to involve European buyers do not have the addresses of the parties listed on the property transfer documents. Papers filed with the Van Buren county recorder's office in Kcosauqua show that a warranty deed for a 626-acre farm owned by Fred Carlton and Jeanette Ebert Carlton was transferred Dec. 20, 1973, to a party by the name of Sigrid Maria Paula Sels. No address was given. The attorney listed as handling the transaction for Sels, Byron Riley, jr., of Cedar Rapids, declined to comment. West German Soybean Processor Other sources say the farm has been financed, if not owned, by a West German soybean processor, Otto Sels of Neues, West Germany. Sels reportedly visited the United States and his southeastern Iowa farm last October. Transfer stamps valued at were attached to the warranty deed. The property is all located in Jackson town- ship near the town of Milton in Van Buren county. A retired Northeast Iowa extension farm managment spe- cialist, Leonard Bodcnsteiner of Decorah, said he was called in to do consultant work for Sels, who told him that he purchased the Van Buren county property. Bodenstciner said Sels also told him that he owned prop- erty in Linn county managed by Leo Lala, jr. of Cedar Rap- ids, but county and state records list LDL Farms, Inc. as the owner of properties managed by Lala. Lala told The Gazette that he has had financial dealings with Sels, but his family farm corporation, LDL Farms, Inc., has retained ownership of the land. Ownership records in Benton and Linn counties confirm' that LDL Farms, Inc., is listed as the owner of the bulk of the properties managed by Lala. Annual reports filed by LDL Farm, Inc., with the secre- tary of state's office in Des Moines do not show Sels as an officer or a director with LDL. Shareholders are not listed on annual report forms. Lala said his farm corporation has expanded its land holdings by acres this last year. He said he became acquainted with Sels in travels to Europe in connection with his business. The Iwo men are contemplating a grain marketing contract arrangement to sell grain directly to Sels' soybean processing plant in Wcsl Germany, but the agreement has not been finalized yd, Lala said. Sketchy Details On Benton Sale Details on another European business man believed own- er of land in Benton county are sketchy. Sources in Benton county believe the Italian buying .'1211 acres northwest of Urbuna is a possibly a nephew, of the Ferrari automobile manufacturer. An agreement was filed for record Sept. 5, 1974, in the Benton county courthouse listing llmherto Ferrari us buyer of a property owned by Gene G. and La Rue Sebesta. The agreement itself was signed May 20, 1974. The buyer's at- torney was listed as F. James Bradley. 1215 Merchants Nit- tioniil bunk. Bradley acknowledged that Ihc buyer is an Italian, but he said Ferrari's relationship with the automobile m.imif.icliiriT by Unit name1 "never ramc up in a conversation The property is located in Polk township of Itcnton
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