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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - December 14, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather- Snow liKTeusliifi to- "'Kill, Sundiiy. Six Inch- t's or more possible. Low lonlghl and high Sunday uboul 30. VOLUME 92 CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 14, 1974 CITY FINAL 15 CENTS ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES IOWA FUEL SUPPLY ADEQUATE Columnist Lippmann Dies at 85 Gazelle Leased Wires NEW Pulitzer Prize- winning columnist Walter Lipp- mann, one of the most respected and influential political writers of his time, died Saturday. He was 85. Lippmann had been suffering from a heart ailment and con- fined to a wheelchair. Only two months ago he was honored by Mayor Abraham Beame and presented the city's highest award, the Bronze Medal of Honor. At that time, Lippmann quipped, "I hope some day to deserve it." His twice-weekly syndicated column, "Today and Tomor- appeared from 1S31 to 1967. He won a special citation from the Pulitzer Prize Commit tee in 1958 for his "wisdom, per ception and high sense of re sponsibilily." Three Times Lippmann won a Pulitzei Prize for international reporting in 1962 and three times in 1953, 1955 and 1959 receivec the Overseas Press Club aware for "best interpretation o: foreign news." Much sought after by televl sion, he conducted a series oL seven "conversations" with CBS correspondents between 1960 and 1965 that won critical ac claim and media awards. One measure of his stature was that colleagues the work over checked their opinions against his. Foreign offices Mother's Plea to Pat: "Home for Christmas' HILLSBOROUGH, Calif. (AP) Catherine Hearst told her fugitive daughter Patricia Sat- urday that the family will move from its 22-room mansion to get away from memories of Pa- tricia and her kidnaping. Word of the planned move by Catherine and Randolph Hearst to a San Francisco apartment is in an open letter pleading with were said to study his reports with as much care as those from their own ambassadors. Theologian Reinhold Niebuhr once called Lippmann "one of the great educators preparing a young and powerful nation to assume responsibilities com- mensurate with its power and to exercise them without too much self-righteousness." Main Function Lippmann once explained his work this way: "The main function of a good column is not to say to the reader: 'Now this is what yo ought to do.' Rather, I try t say: This is what has been de veloping and this is what means.' I try to write abou something I understand mysel! If I can do that, then I cxpec anyone can understand it." In an interview at the age o 80, he was asked what position he had taken that he was partic ularly proud of. He cited hi steadfast opposition to U. S. in volvement in Vietnam and rais ing a "hullabaloo" in the mid 20s that he said headed off Vietnam-type conflict between the U. S. and Mexico. Trade Bill With Rights Call Passed WASHINGTON (AP) !_ A trade bill containing a historic appeal for human rights in Communist countries has won a surprisingly easy .senate victo- ry, virtually assuring final con- gressional approval next week. The bill, which assumed prior- ity status because of economic upheaval brought on by world food shortages and high oil prices, was passed 77 to 4 Fri- day night. The vote ended a whirlwind debate that provided little op- portunity for senators to discuss the measure, which sponsors concede grants the President unprecedented trade powers. The bill now goes to confer- ence with the house, which passed a similar measure last December. Rep. Ullman second-ranking Democrat on the means committee, the newspaper heiress to come home for Christmas. The 300-word letter was pub- lished in the San Francisco Ex- aminer, the newspaper edited by Miss Hearst's father, and read by Mrs. Hearst in record- ings broadcast on area radio and television stations. It begins "My darling Patty" and is signed, "With all our love, Mother." "Almost Upon Us" "How we miss your bright face and the warmth of your Mrs. Hearst wrote. "Christmas is. almost upon us again, and I'm sure you must realize our agony as we face the possibility of a Christmas with- out you. I spend many hours a day praying that God will in- spire you to come back to us, hopefully for Christmas. "It breaks my heart that you cannot see that you will have I no real problems if you will only come in of your own accord. I is so safe and simple. All yoi have to do is go to any lawyer radio or TV station or newspa ways said, and "I see no obstacles to final enactment." Red Requirement Because the two versions are One estimate was that Lipp- mann produced over 100 million words of opinion and advice to the American public over the years, including more than 21 books beginning with Pref ace to Foreign pub- lished when he was 23. Defied Labels He became known as an in- dependent thinker who woulc defy labels. A colleague said (Continued 2, Col. 8.) similar, congress is expected to send the completed bill to Pres- dent Ford for signature before adjourning. Most of the seven hours of senate debate was over the east-controversial section: a provision requiring Communist ;ountries to drop barriers to migration before they qualify or U. S. trade concessions. The compromise version of lie amendment was approved 8 to 0 and was hailed as a irecedent-selling U. S. attempt o use its economic power to in- ure survival of human liberties behind the Iron Curtain. The compromise allows the President to waive the emigra- tion requirement for the next 18 months while the Communist countries show good intentions in allowing free emigration. The requirement is aimed at aiding efforts of Jews to leave the Soviet Union. Unusual Setup per Mrs. Hearst also revealed the family's plans to leave French provincial mansion in this community 20 miles south of San Francisco where Patrici; spent much of her life: "Too Painful" "Dad and I find it too painfu o continue living here, with so many memories of you, am we're moving to an apartmen n the city in a few months." Mrs. Hearst wrote the letter n longhand on her personal sta ionery. Innumerable reports have placed her daughter everywhere from Canada to Latin America, but none has panned out. "We spent Thanksgiving in the Mrs. Hearst wrote. "You were always on our minds, and there are no words to convey to you the depths of our misery." Two Deaths The letter includes the latest news about Patricia's younger sisters. It also mentions that Miss Hearst's grandmother and an aunt both died in the last month. 'We never dared tell them what happened to Mrs Hearst said, "because the doc Summit Participant French President Giscard D'Estaing enjoys an enthusiastic welcome to the West Indies island of Mar- tinique. President Ford was to arrive late Saturday for talks with the 'French leader. tor was afraid they were too ok and feeble to stand the shock." The compromise was worked out under an unusual arrange- ment in which members of congress negotiated, with the White House, and President Ford and Secretary of State Kis- singer dealt directly with Soviet officials. As a result of those negotia- ions, the Soviet Union agreed it vill place no undue impedi- ments in the way of free emi- jration. The bill would allow the Pres- dent to negotiate with other na- ions in an effort to reduce bar- iers to free trade. It would au- h o r i z e economic retaliation gainst nations that withhold ritical raw materials, such as il, from world markets. Also included are federal ben- fits for workers whose jobs are ost because of imports and for ommunities and industries hreatcncd by import-related nemployment. Paid Double For 14 Years HARTFORD, Conn. (AP) Ferdinand and Theresa Perron got back from their utility after finding that for 14 years they'd paid double for jlectricity used on their second 'loor. A Hartford Electric Light Co. spokesman said an electrician recently discovered the meter was wired incorrectly. "They were very, very Mrs. Perron said. she added, "somehow, somewhere, somebody goofed." Hiawatha Group Files 1-380 Suit Ten Hiawatha residents hav gone to court in an attempt I irevent the Iowa highway com mission from constructing inter state 380 through their city. In a petition filed in Linn dis- rict court Friday the residents asked for an injunction tempo- arily and permanently barring lie commission from certifying bat the Linn county regional lanning commission had ap- roved the route through Hia- vatha. The plaintiffs claim the highway commission sought approval of the city's planning commission as part of its fea- Prison Evaluation Starts Next Week By Randy Minkoff DES MOINES (UPI) team of three independent inves tigators will begin an evaluatior study at the state penitcntiar} at Fort Madisun next week with state officials contending t will be a "far ranging, com )lete" probe of prison opera ions. The three investigators members of the American Cor- rectional Assn. will meet with ocial services Commissioner Levin Burns Monday, then fly o Fort Madison to begin' a 'eck-long evaluation of the rison. They were requested to make 10 study by Gov. Robert D. Ray following a rash of stab a legislative committee's stud of prison activities. On Team Members of the learn ar Sangcr Powers, a former riirec '.or of corrections in Wisconsin Ellis MacDougald, former di rector of prisons in Georgia and Jack Young, former warden n the Minnesota prison system. Burns said the three invesli- ;ators be able to "see (Continued: Page 2, Col. 5.) incidents at the prison and Fonne Foxe Tells Her Audience She's Retiring CASSELBERRY, Fla. (AP) Fanne Foxe, the .stripper linked with Rep. Wilbur Mills in events that hastened his retirement as chairman of the house ways and means committee, says she's re- tiring. .She made the announcement to patrons at the Club Juana in this suburb of Orlando. Miss Foxe told her audience of about 250 that she didn't "want o bring any more bad publici- y" to Mills. She called him "a [real, wonderful friend." Miss Foxe was 15 minutes into she made the announcement. She got a standing ovation as she left the stage, daubing at her eyes. "This is such a she later told newsmen in her dress- ing room. "I hope it will all end now." Miss Foxe was arrested and charged with indecent exposure Thursday night. A hearing was set for Dec. 20 and she was released from the county jail on bond. She said she would go to Cura- cao for a rest before deciding whether to return to her native er first show of the night when [Argentina or to the U.S. lirough" any false impressions 'iven by inmates or staff. Their eport 'will bs "thorough, com- lete and hold back e said. "I haven't heard of any lans to put on a false 'face at he prison. 'In fact, both inmates and Abnormal Cold Could Alter View By Gordon Hanson DES MOINES (AP) lowans will have adequate fuel supplies Ihis winter'unless the weather turns colder than normal, says John Millhone, state energy pol- icy council director. Motor vehicles, homes, busi- lesses and most industries will lave sufficient fuel, he said Sat- urday, adding: "Spot shortages of natural gas and liquid propane gas are jossible." His comments were in the EPC's second quarterly report outlining the state's energy sup- plies, consumption and conser- vation. An EPC survey of coal in the late indicated on Nov. 1 .stock- lies were 17.5 percent greater lan normal. However, the report said f'the mount of natural gas available n Iowa in 1974 is 1.5 percent ess than demand. In 1975, natu- al gas supplies will decrease ".9 percent from 1974 levels. Up Slightly The decrease will not affect homes and other customers whose contracts do not call for ;as cutoffs during periods of leavy usage. In fact, supplies for these customers will in- crease slightly in 1975. The demand for gasoline in Iowa decreased 3.1 percent in 1974, the EPC said. Demand for No. 2 fuel oil, used for home healing, decreased 9.1 percent, and diescl fuel usage increased Lm ?iijiinl> 8.1 percent since 1973, primarily show the motor gives tractors for replanting crops Telephoto Says Auto Engine Shy Of Claims WASHINGTON (AP) Environmental P r o t e c t i o Agency says tests of the exper mental LaForce car engin Th jasolinc mileage but produces ess horsepower and pours ou more pollutants than conven- ional engines. Its inventors claim it gets 20 o 80 percent better mileage personnel alike welcome 'the in- vestigation and we feel it will be extremely helpful to us and help improve communication at the facility." Key Elements Burns said the study will aim at three key elements gen- eral administrative, treatment and rehabilitative programs and security at the prison. Rehabilitation and securit; :ame under heavy fire durini last month's stabbings which re suited in two deaths and strong criticism of prison Warden Lei Brewer and 'the director of aduli corrections, Nolan Ellandson. "If there are any legislative to things at Fort Mad son. we will recommend thai i the Burns said. "But if there 'are things we :an do on an interdepartmenta tasis, we will proceed along hose lines." Attacks on Dubcek Hint Czech Purge WALTER LIPPMANN (1964 photo) Today's Index Church Page 3 Comics......................6 Crossword ...................6 Daily Record 2 Deaths ......................2 Editorial Features...........4 Financial ..................Ji Marlon ......................5 Movies......................7 Sports ....................9-10 Television ...................7 Want Ads ................12-15 WASHINGTON (AP) Re- cent dispatches from Com- munist-ruled Czechoslovakia telling of propaganda attacks on Alexander Dubcek, the man who symbolized hope of politi- cal reform in 19G8, will arouse deep concern for his safety. Obviously something is brewing. Despite Czechoslova- kia's appearance of apathy, economic problems are creat- ing political problems, espe- cially among young people, and the now thoroughly Sovie- tized leadership doesn't want any symbols around. Perhaps new purge is around the corner, not only against Dubcek personally, but all who may still nurture some sympathy for his views. Dubcek headed the Czecho- slovak Communist party brief- ly before Soviet and Warsaw Pact troops in August, 1968, crushed his attempt (o nurture "socialism with a human face." Deposed by the Russians, the once glittering public hero was allowed eventually to sink Alexander Dubcek into Iho obscurity of a clerk- ship in a Slovak forestry of- fice. Why denounce him now, after five years? After all. the episode did severe dam- age to I'm Soviet image. The answer may bo that it is risky for the ruling party in Prague to permit remnants of the 1968 thinking (o continue unchallenged. The parly evi- dently has been having con- siderable trouble getting uni- v c r s i t y students to take seriously the ideological in- doctrination that has been a hallmark of all higher educa- tion under Sovietized regimes. It is estimated that universi- ty dropouls are running as high as -10 percent these days. Apathy is also reflected in the regime's inability to get earnest work from younger el- ements of the labor force. Thus Czechoslovakia lags be- hind even other Communist nations in production of con- sumer durables, and that adds to public resentment. If '.he parly is looking for scapegoats for its troubles, Dubcek and his sympathizers are logical candidates. Dub- cek, though he disappeared from the scene, is far from forgotten. He also remains a problem to the party in its relations with the Soviet and other foreign parties. Last spring Dubcek, repor- tedly furious when not in- formed of the death of an old colleague, Joseph Smrkovsky, wrote an impassioned letter to Smrkovsky's widow in which hi; not only denounced the So- victizcd system but repeated his belief in "socialism with a i human a slogan that causes fits in .Moscow. Perhaps the Kremlin and Prague decided that, whatev- er the cost to the Communist image, such elements must be nlniccd. producing lower emissions nd better performance. However, EPA's chief auto- mission expert, Eric Stork, said "riday the engine "docs not live P to the very large claims lade for it by its developers and promoters." "The LaForce car that ha received so much attention i the past few weeks is neither c new nor important develop he told a senate com merce subcommittee. Horsepower Loss Stork said tests at EPA's facil ities at Ann Arbor, Mich., anc on General Motors' test track showed the engine produced 30 percent increase in fuel econ omy but did so "at a 15 to 32 percent loss in horsepower out put." He also said much higher emissions of hydrocar- bons and carbon monoxide thar conventional engines. And he dismissed as "unscien lific double talk" the claim that the LaForce engine uses all the gasoline through more complete combustion. The LaForce car is basically a modified six-cylinder inlcrna combustion motor in an Ameri- can Motors Hornet. It features a camshaft that keeps the intake valves longer irf each cylin- der cycle and a different intake that separates the manifold Fuel. Brothers' Claim Its inventors, brothers Rob- ert and Ed LaForce, claimed he manifold separated the icavy and light ends of gaso- delivering the volatile ele- ments directly to the cylinders vhile heating the remaining ele- ments until they became more 'olatile. This resulted in all of because of heavy spring storms. Petroleum to be supplied Iowa in December is enough to en- compass any increase in de- mand, Millhone said. "Petro- eum supplies in the other vinter months should be simi- ar." The report also said air quali- ty standards "currently sche- duled for mid-1975 by the envi- ronmental protection agency pose a problem to the full devel- opment of our coal resources." Coal Costs Future coal costs are also un- certain because of reduced availability and an uncertain economy. One result is that "many electric utilities are hav- ing problems securing long-term contracts for coal supplies." Some large volume customers and electric utilities purchase natural gas at a reduced rate on an interruptible basis, meaning their allotments can be cut off as supplies diminish. The report said less natural gas will be supplied to these purchasers this winter. Howev- er, the shortage shouldn't be too serious because of "the relalivc- y improved petroleum pic- .urc." 'A special program of low in- eresl loans for home insulation and other improvements could save energy and avoid needless i a r d s h i p for thousands o f the stale energy policy council said. Could Benefit Persons on low or fixed in- comes could benefit from a loan >rogram because they arc "par- icularly hard-hit by the spiral- ng prices of fuel especially ome healing (he EPC eport said. "Although no regular assis- ancc is available to meet, the ncreased costs of home heating the federal government as a program to provide cmcr- ency funds for low-income families in need of fuel. There are several assistance i HK--IC
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