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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - December 8, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa 4A Tit Rapids Gazelle: Sun.. Dec. 8. 1S7I "There's Been Progress, but Issues Aren't Coty By Mike Deupree Ralph Cuty, whose resigna- tion as executive secretary of the Cedar Rapids human rights commission is effective Tuesday, has seen dramatic improvements since he joined the commission staff nearly five years ago. But much still remains to be done, he is quick to add. "There's been progress in terms of hiring minori- he said. "When I came to work for the commission there were factories In the community that hired no minorities, factories that had been in existence for a hundred years. THINK the community now is at the point where minorities can get any Job. The problem now is in failure to get promotions." Coty thinks the biggest strides locally have taken place in industry. Next is ed- ucation there are nearly 50 minorities employed as teach- ers now, compared to Ihree in 19B9 and then come retail stores. "The larger ones (retail stores) have made progress, but the small ones that never hired minorities .before still Coty said. The emphasis on J the number of minorities or wom- en employed in certain jobs as a means of gauging social progress sounds like relianee on quotas. Coty said that isn't true, although he admits the statis- tics arc important. And he be- Mike Deupree Moves quotas were necessary In (he early days of the civil rights movement. because' It was the only way the move- ment could gain a foothold. "Quotas misleading Coty said. "It's a term that's been used to impede progress. .Quotas don't mean anything to me, "Now they call it propor- tional representation, but real- ly, that's disgusting to me. 1 think If a qualilied minority walks In the door he should be hired, no matter how many minorities work for the com- pany." Still, does it do any good to change hiring patterns if at- titudes aren't changed? Coty believes behavior change must come first, prompting attltii- dlhal change, because chang- ing attitudes, first is a "gla- cially slow1' process. And employment is the .most Important place to start, because discrimination in employment can do the most harm. DENY the .children opportunities, and by doing that you. deny America a chance to become he said. Equal employment oppor- tunity also means a chance lo Ralph Coty Drink Less To Save Grain By Jane Brtdy New York Times Service NEW YORK While Americans are being urged to eat less grain-fed meats in order to free grain for the world's hungry millions, a companion grain-saving measure has been suggested that hits at another American institution alcohol. The idea is that a cutback in the billions of galions of grain-based alcoholic bever- ages beer and most hard liquors that Americans drink each year could theoret- ically provide food for mil- lions of people. The leading proponent of this view, Dr. Jean Mayer of Harvard, one of the country's most prominent nutritionists, has even coined a slogan to raise the consciousness of imbibing Americans "have a drink and starve a child." Although Mayer proposed this slogan half in jest, he was dead serious about his sugges- tion to "limit yourself to one drink per occasion, unless you drink wine." This approach, he says, would help to reduce alcohol-induced on health and pocketbook as well as free grain for the hungry. Not New Curbing alcohol to obtain grain to feed people is not a new idea. In 1946 President Truman closed the distilleries for three months to make Quilting Bee Thursday As part of the "An Amana Christmas" exhibit currently at the Cedar Rapids Art center, an old-fashioned quilting bee will be held Thursday. About 8 a.m. a group of Amana wom- en will begin a quilt of the blue and white fabric similar lo the traditional material used .in the Amana coloniSs years ago. The padding will be a heavy wool fleece. They hope to complete the quilt in one day. The public is invited lo view the quilters from 10 a.m. to p.m. The Amana exhibit will continue at the Art center during (he month of December. Concert at Jefferson The Jefferson high school bands'and choirs will present a Christmas concert Thursday and Saturday at p.m. al the school auditorium. There Is no admission for 600-Foot Ski Jump Coming This Winter? Will this be the winter of the 600-foot ski jump? Ski jumpers don't laugh at the idea _any more one of them, an' East German, has already soared through the air 554.5 feet. Anyway, ski jumping is no laughing matter. Most heart- in-their mouth spectators think a ski jumper has as much cause to be jolly as a man leaping off a cliff. Not most ski jumpers. They claim, not altogether convinc- ingly, that ski jumping is safer than competitive downhill skiing. Ski jumping got its Amer- ican start more than 100 years ago, introduced by immi- grants from Scandinavia, where skiing had been a way of life for many generations, the National Geographic so- ciety says. At the first official jumping competition in the U.S. at Red Wing, Minn., in 1887, a Nor- wegian named Mikkel Hemmesveit won with a leap of only 37 feet. With just a strap across the toes, skiers then actually had to lean back to keep their skis from falling off. But equipment improved and jumping records leaped ahead. the program, which will in- clude performances by the mixed chorus, Hilltop Singers, the concert choir, the Festival chorus and band, the concert band, and the symphonic band. Selections to be performed by the mixed chorus include "Joyful' and "On Christmas while Hilltop Singers _wlll present, "God's Son This'Day to Us Is and "Alleluia, the Angels The concert choir presenta- tions include "Hodie Christus Nalus and "Lullaby for the Holy The Festival chorus and band will present Handel's "Hallelujah The concert band will play "Carols for and "There A Star From Presenlations by the sym- phonic band will include "Meditation on a and "Now Thank We All Our God- Bombardment of grain available on an emer- gency basis for war-torn Eu- rope. What effect might a cutback now in alcohol production have on the ability of the world to feed itself? The pri- mary beverages in question are beer, made from barley, corn, rice, wheat and soy- beans; bourbon from corn; scotch and Irish whisky from barley and other grains; rye and Canadian whisky from rye; gin and vodka from corn, wheat and other cereal grains. Last year, according to data provided by the U. S. depart- ments of agriculture and commerce and the respective industries, American distillers used 1.1 million tons of grain to produce 183 million gal- lons of whisky and American brewers used 3 million tons of grain lo produce 4.6 billion gallons of beer. 2IMI1UM t While the total of 4.1 million tons of grain used in 1973 lo produce alcoholic beverages represents only 1.6 percent of Ihe total food and feed grains grown in the U. S. last year, it is stilj enough food for one year for more than 20 million people living on a minimal adequate diet. Looking at American con- sumption of alcoholic bever- ages 402, million gallons of distilled spirits and 4.2 billion gallons of beer a year it might be said that Americans annually drink up the amount of grain lhal could feed 25 million people a year. In facl, however, Americans do mil drink Ihis quantity of grain, because it is only the sugar and starch in Ihe grain that is fermented into alcohol, which is then distilled off to make whisky. The remainder of the grain, representing a third of the original weight and virtually all the protein, Is "recycled" as a highly nutri- tious feed for livestock, ac- cording to the Distilled Spirits Council and the U. S. Brewers Assn., Washington-based in- duslry organizations. making alcoholic beverages must also be considered in assessing the human food value of a production cutback. Corn is overwhelmingly the major ingredient in making whiskys (primarily representing more-than half the total grain input of 1.1 million tons used annually in these beverages. For beer, the major ingredient is barley at 2 million tons a year, with corn the next most important in- gredient at tons a year. "Spurious Argument" Neither of these grains, the distillers say, are the ones commonly eaten in those countries where food short- ages are now most acute. Wheat and rice, the major foodstuffs in the hungriest parts of the world, represent relatively minor inputs in making alcoholic beverages, industry sources note. But Lester Brown calls this a "spurious argument raised by those who don't want lo do anything." "If Ihcre's a will to make i adjustments, they can be he insisted. Brown added that virtually all the grains used in making alcohol rye and sorghum as well as corn, barley, wheat and rice are now used as human foods in different parts of the world, and that the land on which barley grows is well- suited for the production of more popular food grains. For those who are pepared to adjust their alcohol intake, there arc potential pitfalls in switches that might be con- sidered. For example, it would be no more saving of grain to switch from whisky to beer, since a jigger of whisky and a 12-ounce can of beer both are made with approxi- mately 2 ounces of grain. Short Supply the other hand, Less Efficient Use "This fact may make one feel a little better about the grain used to make remarked Lester cultural economisl with Ihe Overseas Development Council, "but it still repre- sents a less efficient use of grain than if it were fed di- rectly to people." Because grain-fed animals use from four lo eighl pounds Fort McHenry 25 Hours of grain to produce one pound of meat, the resulting meat represents a significant loss of the grain's original "food power" for man. Industry sources The bombardment of Fort McHenry, which inspired the writing of "The Star-Spangled Banner" began at 7 a.m. Sept. 13, 1814, and lasted wilh in- termissions, for 25 hours. British ships fired some shells, each weighing as much as 220 pounds, the World Al- manac says. Because the Americans had sunk 22 ves- sels in the channel, the British were unable lo approach loo closely which kepi U.S. cas- ualties low four were killed and 24 wounded. point out that the lypc of grain used in On the other hand, rum, which is made from Ihe fermentation of sugar cane, does not compete directly with the use of grain for food, although sugar cane is cur- rently in short supply. Mayer, who says he con- sumes no grain alcohol, sug- gests wine and brandy as the most "humanitarian substi- tutes for distilled spirits and beer, since Ihe fruits wines are made from are not major food sources. In addition, many of Ihe world's vineyards arc on terrain thai is not well suited for growing food crops." Wine consumplion Is al- ready increasing in this country at an anticipated rale (his year of 7 percent, according to industry sources. But the .forecast consumption for 1974 of 380 million gallons is below lhat for hard liquor and far below that for beer. mokcl I TOLD Mirth. ntuwM (Iron m chftk our nri In nire it wu o.k. mil raoMiTi nUrl F1RE1" ____ 364-O24M Now! Have your furnace cleaned and checked for winter comfort! Vour headquarters for GARY NOVAK 24-HOUR SERVICE Call 364-4626 Air Conditional After Business Hours: Call Mi-MM NOVAK HVWflI% br for ton" make a better living and buy homes in formerly all-white k arbas, which Coty said means far more than mere visual tokenism. "That minority person liv- ing in a white area is a teach- ho said. "That person breaks down stereotypes. "The visibility makes peo- ple say, 'why was I thinking like thai about those people before, lhal's nol the way (hey are'." Race complaints used lo make up nearly all the complaints filed with the commission. Now they repre- sent slightly less than half, with sex complaints out- numbering race complaints by about 6 percent. A greal deal of.the reason for. that change is the growing awareness by women of thejr rights. Another reason, Coty believes, is because discrimi- nation is less overt now, more sophisticated, than in the past, both regarding sex and race. "Women have always been able lo gel some he said. "The big problems are promotions und; non-tradition- al Jobs. It's similar to the po- sition of discrimination In Because discrimination Is subtler now, he continued, there is a trend toward believ- ing discrimination has been eliminated. a false assumption and It's a dangerous Coty said. "We've just moved Into a different phase." Yes, but surely this kind of discrimination, where in some cases the victim Isn't even aware of discrimination, isn't as bad as the more obvious examples of prejudice. "I THINK it's Coty said. "I think II has a more rievasiating effect than overt discrimination. A person gels terribly frustrated if he or she thinks the institution is being fair." People often then blame themselves for job troubles when the cause really lies with some kind of veiled dis- crimination, he explained. Coty said this less obvious type of discrimination will be facing his successor, as will other tough issues. An example is a question now pending before the U. S. supreme court involving union seniority; rules. Lower courts have split on the question of whether these rules perpetu- ale discriminalion because minorities and women have been hired only In recent years. Besides the new, tough is- sues, his successor will have to face some frustrations, too, according to Coty. "You become he said. "Yon see what the problems are and yon can't bring about changes as last as you would like. "It's rewarding, but it's also extremely frustrating." Coty, 26, has been executive secretary of the commission since the Rev. William Cotton resigned in May, 1973. For three years before that he was an administrative assistant to Cotton: He is leaving the commis- sion to take a job in private induslry, bolh to broaden his experience and to see another side of the rights issue for nearly five years, he said, he has been seeing the negative side, "Being a human rights director is like being in a cage with the door padlocked and a piece of fine, rare meat out- he said. "We haven't been able to reach the meat yet bul the padlock is get- ting loose." HE BELIEVES it isn't possible to hold his job for an extended period of lime be- cause effectiveness diminish- es. "The nature of the job is lo be critical, to challenge the- system, make sure It works he said. "After a certain point you become so critical you have to move out and get a different perspective." Coty said he wants to see If the changes he believes have occurred are apparent In olher situations, but he has no illu- sions about the status of current human rights work. 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