Cedar Rapids Gazette, December 8, 1974, Page 19

Cedar Rapids Gazette

December 08, 1974

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Issue date: Sunday, December 8, 1974

Pages available: 334

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Next edition: Monday, December 9, 1974

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Publication name: Cedar Rapids Gazette

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All text in the Cedar Rapids Gazette December 8, 1974, Page 19.

Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - December 8, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Were They I me Good No, Otto Beftman says Otto Bettman, photo archiyistvand social histprian: He's written, a book about "the, good old and says our view of the past is distorted. "We always measure our own times against the higher class, which lived very beautifully. It is all promoted by the nostalgia industry. As history, nostalgia is pure bunk." He uses'photos from the Bettman Archives in New York City to illus- trate his contention. Above left, in a photo by Jacob Riis taken about 1890, a Jewish immigrant is about to.have his Sabbath meal in the coal cellar that served as his home. "People did not expect says Bettman. "They thought hard- ship was part of life." Above right are some, of those for whom "the good old days" were real- ly that: the'children of railroad tycoon Cornelius "Vanderbilt, Cornelius Vanderbilt, jr., and his sister, Gladys. At lower right is a Riis photo from a classroom on the Lower East Side of New York about 1866. Bettman says teachers in t'hose days were often unqualified and classrooms might hold more than 100 children. Another photo in the book shows young boys at" work at midnight in an Indiana glass- works about 1908 a time when children formed one-third of the U.S. industrial labor force. Air Pollution Report Minnesota Rocks Are 3.8 Billion .Years Old This is a weekly report of data submitted to The Gazette by the air pollution control division of the Linn county health department. Airborne Dust This is a measurement of particulate matter made in terms of micrograms per cubic meter. The national stand- ards, to be enforced by 1975: 75, average for a year (geome- tric and 260, maximum 24-hour concentration, not to be exceeded more than once a year. Location 445 First street SW Twenty-eighth street drive SE Mt. Vernon Central City Noelridge Park Jane Boyd Community House Date Reading Nov. 25 112 82 33 21 66 19 56 45 Nov. 25 Dec. 1 Dec. 1 Nov. 25 Dec. 1 Nov. 25 Dec. 1 The particles at Noelridge park were of the following size, in microns, on Nov. 25: 36.2 more than 7; 10.7 percent, 313 .to.. 7; 8.3 percent, 2.1 to 3.3; 5.0 percent, 1.1 to 2.1; 39.8 percent, iess than 1.1. Smaller particles are said to be more likely to get deeper into the lungs and be more cause for concern about health. Sulphur Dioxide The national standard (in terms of parts per 1-0.03, average for'a year (arithmetic and 0.14, max- imum 24-hour concentration, not to be exceeded more than once a Daily averages at 445 First street SW were': Nov. 27, .0.008; Nov. 28, 0.012; Nov. 29, 0.010; Nov. 30. 11.015: Dec. 1, Dec. 2, 0.013; Dec. 3, 0.014; Deo. 4, 0.071; Dec. 5V 0.082. Average for the period was 0.027. Daily, averages at Twenty-eighth street drive SE were: Nov. 27, 0.007; Nov. 28, Nov. 29, 0.006; Nov. Dec. Dec. 2, 0.009; Dec. 3, 0.007; Dec. 4, O.OIfi; Dec. 5, 0.031. Average_for the period was 0.012. Coefficient of Haze Another measurement of particulate matter. A reading of 0.53 is said to be equivalent of 75 micrograms per cubic, me- ter, a national standard for airborne dust as outlined above. Readings at 445 First street ,SW were: Nov. '27, 0.13; Nov. 0.05; Nov. 29, 0.13; Nov. 30, 0.12; Dec. 1, O.Ofl; Dec. 2, 0.14; Dec. 3, 0.23; Dec. 4, 0.28; Dec. 5, 0.27. Average for the period was 0. Id. Readings at Twenty-eighth street drive SE were: Nov. 27, 0.16; Nov. 28, 0.11; Nov. 29, 0.13; Nov. 30, 0.19; Dec. 1, 0.25; 2, Dec. 3, 0.23; Dec. 4, 0.27; Dec, 5, 0.39. Average for (He period was (.23. Rocks calculated to be 3.8 billion years old as ancient as the oldest ever .found on earth have been identified by two 'geologists in a quiet valley of the Minnesota river in southwestern Minnesota.' The Minnesota rocks equal the age of rocks found in 1969 in western Greenland by Ox (ord university professors. Material from the two sites is .300 million years older than any other previously known terrestrial rocks. Discovery of Ihese ancient rocks extends the preserved record of geologic history fur- ther back into the little-known early years of the earth, closer to the time when the oceans and the atmosphere formed and when the first primitive life may have developed. The rocks also extend the earth's record back to a point where it overlaps the .moon's history as recorded in the samples returned by astro-" nauts in the Apollo The lunar Vocks are between 3.3 billion and 4 billion years old. Scientists now hope it will be possible to compare the early histories of the earth and moon as'recorded in'their respective rocks. The geologists making the Minnesota were Dr. Samuel S. 'Goldich of Northern fllinois university at DeKalb and Dr. Carl E. Hedge of the U.S. Geological survey in Denver. Court Upholds Obscenity Law SPRINGFIELD, III. (AP) Illinois' obscenity law dons not violate constitutional guar- antees of free speech and due process, the state supreme court ruled Wednesday. In a' 6-1 decision the' court also upheld of a cily ordinance in Molinc pro- hibiting the sale or distribu- tion, of obscene books, maga- zines or photographs. Illinois law says something is obscene if "considered as a whole, its predominant appeal ,is to prurient interest, that is a shameful or morbid interest in nudity, sex or excretion, and If it goes substantially beyond customary limlls of candor in description or repre- sentation of such matters." ON THIS DATE In 1949, the Chinese Nationalist govern- ment moved from Ihe China mainland to Formosa as the Communists pressed their at- tack THE RADIOEAR1030 MAYHELPVOU RANGE SALE! 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