Sunday, December 8, 1974

Cedar Rapids Gazette

Location: Cedar Rapids, Iowa

Page: 18

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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - December 8, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Militarily, we sleep Detente By Jenkin Lloyd Jones In the middle 1930s, while Hitler put together his mighty war machine, Eu-rope slept The tanks and bombers that conquered a continent from the Pyrenees to the Volga and from North ( ape to Crete did not spring out of the ground. It took five years, from 1933 to 1938, to build German armaments to the point where der Fuehrer could seize Austria and force the humiliating Munich agreement on England and France During these five years, many of the British intelligentsia were kept bemuse! by Hitler’s assertion that he was a bulwark against communism. The b renih snuggled down behind their Maginot line, telling themselves that impregnable defense made additional sacrifices unnecessary. In the post-Munich year, Paris and London, now thoroughly alarmed, tried to crank up their own war machines. But the lead time was too short and, by the end of the “phony war” in May, 1940, when the blitzkrieg rolled down upon I* ranee, German sui>eriority had even widened VC hat is the military position of the free world today? Are we reliving the mid-1930s again? Is it possible that the alluring word “detente” has become the new soporific? Is it possible that much of academia and many intellectuals are still trying to find in the United Nations what the French once thought they saw in the Maginot line? One cannot fault the United Nations for promoting the deception that it is still a force for international order. In recent years, and particularly since last month's ovation for Yasir Arafat, it has done its best, inadvertently, of course, to strip away that illusion. But hope springs eternal in some human breasts. The massive build-up of Russian arms has been accompanied by a growing paralysis in the West. The ancient Greek- turkish hatred, rekindled on Cyprus, has apparently collapsed NATO’s southern bastion As Britain Even in a taxicab The Cedar Rapids Gazette: Sun., Dec. 8, 1974 lullaby of doom? Jenkin Lloyd Jones has fallen deeper into the economic quagmire, its military cutbacks have proceeded. France is out of NATO, and other European members have never met their commitments. In the meantime, an entire generation of Americans has been conditioned to despise the military. There has recently been published a book, “TV and the National Defense”, by Dr. Ernest W'. Lefever of the Brookings Institution. In a two-year analysis of ( BS television news broadcasts, so detailed that even the sentences were counted, Dr. Lefever asserts that more than twice as much time was given to persons expressing views that South V ietnam should be abandoned and that North Vietnam was fighting a just war than to opposing viewpoint*. Evidence of the Soviet military buildup was almost completely ignored by < BS on days when it was front page news. But persons expressing the belief that American armaments should be cut back got wide publicity. Among U.S. senators quoted on U.S. military policy, CBS favored the doves by nearly five to one. The net effect on those citizens staring at the tube was that we had a corrupt military establishment supporting corrupt regimes and that not only was there little danger of an unfavorable tilt of the arms balance between America and the Soviet Union but that U.S. armed forces are overbuilt We have ended the draft, which Russia hasn t, and our all-volunteer forces are not only the most expensive In our history but possibly the most dubious, as well. One outfit in Germany last month refused to report for duty and Remanded the right to choose its own officers. Gerald Ford has come home from Vladivostok with what has been rhapsodically described as “one of the most significant agreements since World war II.” So we’re going to end the nuclear missile arms race — it says here But on-site inspections are still forbidden. And last month, when American members of the joint US,-USSR, commission on arms limitation grew worried about space photo* of three dozen mysterious new silos which the Russians insist are “command posts,” the Russians wouldn’t even agree to come to a meeting A few weeks ago on the University of Nebraska campus I asked my hosts, a group of fraternity men, how many of their 125 chapter members were enrolled in ROTO. They could think of one freshman. “The military,” said one of my young friends, “just isn t the thing to do.” George Orwell’s 1984 is now less than IO years away. General Feature* Corporation Views Ideas    Background Judgments Comments Opinion Page 2 Sense of beauty self-nurtured By Norman Cousins The moment I stepped into the cab I realized it was different from any other taxi I had ever been in. The floor was covered with a light-colored mohair rug. Brightly colored fall leaves were carefully strewn around the edges. Small reproductions o* paintings by Van Gogh and Gauguin were fixed to the inner partition, in the place usually occupied by advertising cards The windows were spotless. I complimented the driver, a black man who wore a tie and jacket, then told him I had never ridden in a cleaner or more attractive cab “I like to tear my passengers say that,” he replied. I asked about the brightly colored fall leaves. He said that his wife had collected them in Central park at the height of the fall season Then I asked the driver about the art reproductions. “We bought the pictures at the Metropolitan museum,” he said. “Not very expensive. My passengers comment on the paintings, too.” "How long have you teen decorating your cab like this?” “It’s not my cab,” he said “ll’* a company cab. I got the idea about 20 years ago. At that time, I was just a kid of 18. I had a Job as a cleanup man for the cab company Each cab that came in at the end of the day was like a garbage pit. Cigarets and matches all over the floor. Sticky stuff like peanut butter on the seats or door handles Sometimes, believe it or not, chewed-up pork chops were stuffed between the seat and the side of the car. Some people would go through their mail in the cab, tear up the letters they didn’t want and drop them on the flow* ‘ “I got to thinking about    it    and    figured that if the    cab company    and    the drivers would give people a car worth keeping clean they might tx' more considerate Most cabs are so banged up inside and out that people just accept the mess and add to it. I explained my theory to the boss, who said I’d have to wait until I was old enough to drive    if I wanted    to try    out my ideas. Well,    as soon as    I    got    my hack license, I did just that. I put a lot of extra spit and polish into the cab they gave me to drive. I got a nice light rug and some flowers. After each passenger got out, I cheeked the cab to make sure that everything was in order for the Insights lf people knew how hard I have to work to gain my mastery it wouldn’t seem wonderful at all. Michelangelo next rider When I brought the cab in that first night, there was hardly anything for the cleanup squad to do. “After about a month of bringing in a spotless cab, the boss reserved the same car for me each day. That was when I put up the reproductions of great paintings. “I started driving in 1957 and I’ve never been disappointed by people in ail that time. I’ve never had to pick up a single cigaret butt or match sticks. No peanut butter or ends of ice-cream cones. No garbage. All I ve had is pleasant talks with my passengers. “Uke I say, mister, people appreciate beautiful things. If we planted more flowers and trees in the city and made the buildings more attractive, I’d bet more people would be inclined to use the trash baskets around town ” I ve been thinking a great deal about this incident. My friend the cabdriver had hit on a great truth. A sense of beauty comes with the gift of life. Most people don’t have to be instructed about the fragility and rarity of beauty. They respond to it when they find it. And, if they are made to feel a part of it, they will try to add to it My cabdriver was an Emersonian — whether he realized it or not. He wasn’t afraid to trust, and so far he has never been disillusioned. I hope he never will be I os A ny el es T .rn#* Syndicate Norman Cousins Way with words FFOOM! By Theodore M. Bernstein When something goes wrong in the* launching of a missile the range safety officer presses the EGADS button, according to Sydney T Fisher of Philadelphia And that brings into action one of Mr Fisher’s favorite acronyms: EGADS. It stands for Electronic Ground Automatic Destruct System. By the way, the interjection egad (no final s) is a softened version of “Oh God,” so the authorities say. Tense item. Another Philadelphian asks for guidance concerning the use of the present tense arid the present perfect tense and the use* of the past tense and the past perfect tense. All right, here goes: The present tense is used to express something happening now (“He is waiting in the living room”), or usual conditions (“It bi warm in the Virgin Islands”) or general truths (“AU men are created equal”). The past tense is used to express something that happens] or a condition that was in being in the past (“He wore his new jacket yesterday,” “Mixiieval art was representational”) The present perfect tense is used to refer to things that began in the past and “touch" the present (“For eentu Theodore M. Bernstein ries taxes have supported governments”). The past perfect tense is used to refer to things that happened in the past and were completed earlier than other things that happened in the past ("Caesar had been Emperor only a short while before he was assassinated”). Word oddities. A couple of months ago this column printed a list of seven anagrams that a reader derived from the word crate — to wit: react, recta, trace, cater, creta, carte and ereat. An eighth word has been pointed out by nine alert readers. It is caret. A caret is a mark in the shape of an inverted V used in writing or proof reading to indicate where something is to be inserted. It derives from the laitin corers, meaning to bt* without or there is lacking. 'Finger Flutes Out of Order Missile Mew York Time* Syndicate Scapegoat Au expert is someone who is called in at the lust imrfuto to share the blame, Iowa State Traveler Miniature Orange, Lemon t «_ M or Lime Trees *15 Evergreen Roping Ceramic Christmas Planters from 35* $ 6 Ft OO Norfolk Island Pine Novell Live j. ^ Msg*™ Indoor Pines *1 t«*29 50 Evergreen Wreaths  *4* Cemetery Mounds.... *10°* Cemetery Blankets... *25* Fresh Rower or Holly & Evergreen    J C 95 Centerpieces from 3 Soy Tfjcn/uj QMAAtbrnoA iuitll... Red, White or Pink POINSETTIAS PIERSON’S Flower Shop & Greenhouses, Inc. I 800 Ellis Blvd. N.W. FLOWERPHONE 366-1 836 Open Monday thru Saturday 8 to 3s30 Sunday 9 to 5 thru Christmas Your F.T.D. Florist    Most    Maior    Crnriit    CnrHi    Arr.nl.rl Everyone Can Explore With Coe Open to everyone and anyone, Coe College’s Exploratory Term is designed to enrich your life. The one-month long courses are open to the public with innovative offerings that will challenge you to think — as well as provide a lot of fun. We believe that this exploration will lead you to a wide variety of exciting discoveries — concerning both the world and yourself. You're invited to join in. For a $25 special participatory fee, you can enjoy a whole month of excitement. Here s what we have to offer you: Th* Artist and Ultimate Concern Stereo and th* Layman African-American Cultural Ties Directing A Forensics Program Places to Go and People To Meet: A Course in Human Geography The Exceptional Child What Everyone Should Know About The Stock Market Electrical Needs In A Changing World And A Look At Tomorrow Prospects For The Global Economy In The >0 s and 80 s Didactic Fantasy: A Study Of The Novels of Lewis, Williams A Tolkien Drugs and Medicine The Ideas and Insight of Friedrich Nietsch* Th* Detective Story and The Thriller nKiselnger’s Foreign Policy: Will rue tare of Peace Ever Emerge? Student Government: The Way Wa Should Be Hitler and Th* Nasi Era Research and Development In Industry Th* Ideals And The Realties ESP: Fact or Fancy Astrology Th* Env ironmental Crisis: A Problem In Applied Chemistry Johann Sebastian bach Patterns Of Famed* Experience Datcroie Eurhythmies (Musk) Bird Livest A Study of Joss Th* Cold War Health Delivery Systems In The United States Art Wear—W vor Art Bangladesh—Emergence of a Nation The Future Of Th* Future (Futurology) Officiating In Athletics I* Experience An Educational Tool—-A Trip To The Iowa Woosh Archeology: Digging Up Th* Past Human Sexuality (Physiological and psychologkal) Conflict Simulation: Wargaming Patterns In Problem Solving On Becoming A Stock Market Artist Concepts Of Spoce (Philosophy) Physical Education For The Mentally Retarded Nature and Winter (Biology) Adolescent Literature and Film Latin For Beginners and Biologists The Neurobiology Of Learning and Memory Traditional Folk Ballads Sung in The British Isles and the USA Franco's Spain Malcolm I. Peel and Joy Hoagland (student) O H. Pro James Randall Ted L. Ret* Greg Richard* (student) Richard Rtggie Robert Roberts (visiting) C. W SandfOrd and Jerry Ward (visiting) R Vaitheswaron John C Walker Peter Wickham Fred Willhoite Neat Woodruff Margaret Haupt Kent Herron, Widiom J. Stock ond Craig Herink (Student) Glenn A Janus Robert E. Jones (visiting) Dean Karns Joseph Kasper and Helen Chadima Jeffrey E. Keiser Allan D. Keller Jeon Kern ond Christine Woodruff Jo Ann tonier James liehe and William Conger (students) Donald Lino Ann M McCarthy Jens Morrison D i Seep Patwordhan Charles Aukema J Barron Bremner, Wayne Phillips, Donald Tune, Roger Schlegel Steve Brooks Edmund M. Burke Jim Campbell William Contrail Duane Carr John H. Chapman, Jr. Ronald R. Cox Annie P. Croom Robert V. Drexler Ben Dukes Kart E. Goellner C E Hamilton Jeannme Hammond Sandra Harding Mon, Wed, En. IO e m. to noon Mon, Wed, Fri. IO a.m. to noon Mon.-Thur*. IO a.m.lo noon To be scheduled Mon, Wed,Fri. I to 3 p m Mon-Thur*. 9 to 11 a rn. Tues, Thun. 7 to IO p rn. Mon, Wed, Thor*. 3 to 5 p.m. Mon-Thur$. 9 a.m. to noon. Mon-Thurs, IO a m to noon Mon, Tues, Thurs. Fri. IO a.rn to noon Mon, Wed, Fri. IO a rn. to noon Mon Fri. IO to ll: 30 a.rn Mon, Tues, Thur*, Fri. IO a.m. to noon Mon, Tues, Thurs, Fri. I to 2 30 p.. Mon, Wed, Fri. 9 to ll a rn. Mon-Fri IO a m. to noon Mon, Wed, Fri. 9 a.rn, to noon Mon, Tues, Thurs, Fri IO a.rn to noon Mon-Fri. I to 2:30 p rn Mon-Fri. IO a.m. to noon Mon, Wed, Fri. IO a.m to noon Tues-Thurs. IO a m. to noon Mon-Thurs. IO a rn.to noon Mon, Wed, Fri. I to 3 jr rn. Mon, Wed, Fri. 9 lo 11 am. Mon, Wed,    Thurs. I to    p    m Mon, Wed,    Fri.    IO a rn.    to    noon Thurs. IO O.m. to noon Mon, Wed, Fri. 9 to 11 ti rn, Daily 9 to IO a rn Mon, Wed, Fn. IO a rn to noon Mon-Thurs. IO O.m. to noon To be announced Mon-Fri. 2 to 3 p m Mon, Wed,    Fri.    IO a rn.    to    noon Mon Wed,    Pn.    IO a m.    to    noon Mon-Thurs. I to 3 p m. To Be Scheduled Mon, Wed, Fn. 9 a rn to noon Mon-Fn 9.30 to ll 30 a rn Mon Fn I to 3 p m. Mon, Wed, Fri, IO a m to noon Mon, Wed, Thor*, I to 2 p.m. Se* something you like end want to explore further? Call or write today tor our Exploratory Term catalog, with all tho details: Registrar's Offica, Co* Collage, Cedar Rapids, la. 52402, phone 364-1511, txL 282. r lhMt>K life til >r “ lU'? h'f T-r--:V ' LJU-J " RI NIM in \ lf MU a ll Mf , < tkr Well read . . . and with good reason! ■®hr lr (lur Unpids ®ajr+tr