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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - December 7, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather- Mostly cloudy, colder tonight and Sunday. Chance of snow Hur- ries. Low 15-20. High Sunday in 20s. VOLUME 92 NUMBER 332 CITY FINAL 15 CENTS CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 7, 1974 ASSOCIATED PRESS, DPI, NEW YORK TIMES HAKARIOS AMNESTY PLEDGE Economic And Energy Aides Meel WASHINGTON (AP) Pres ident Ford called in his chie economic advisers Saturday join his 'top energy advisers review energy-related economi problems. There were indie: tions he would ask congress ito new anti-recession legislatio after reviewing the worsenin economic situation. Secretary of the Interio Rogers Morton was on th phone in the cabinet room the session began, asking Trea sury Secretary William Simo to join the group. It also wa expanded to include economi adviser Alan Greenspan. Orig nally it was to have been.wit Morton, Federal Energy Ac ministrator-designate Fran Zarb and other key energ; aides. Ford has ordered a full-seal energy policy .review amid re ports voluntary conservatio measures are proving inade quate in his battle against infla tion and efforts to cut down 01 oil imports. Resignation Talk Simon's unexpected appear ance came amid reports he may be considering resigning if Fore makes a major policy shift fight recession rather than infia tionary trends. Press Secretary Ron Nessei said no decisions were expectec from Saturday's meeting. major staff session on the en ergy problem is scheduled q Camp David next weekend! tc draft proposals for .Ford tt make in his State of the Union message. Ford added to his Salurda; schedule an afternoon meeting on the budget for fiscal 1976. Nessen said Friday the No- vember unemployment rate o 6.5 percent was "a source o great concern" to the Pres ident. The Federal Reserve Board took action to counter the reces- sion. It lowered from 8 to 7.75 percent the rate of interest i charges banks for borrowing in the New York and Philadelphia districts. Strongest Move The action, which will proba bly spread to the other Reserve districts, makes it easier for banks to borrow the money they need to lend sectors o the economy. 1 It was the strongest move so far in the Fed's effort to ease the money supply. In another economic develop- ment, the government's infla- tion watchdog agency urged food stores not to mark up the prices of items that have been placed on shelves. The plea from the Council on Wage and Price Stability result- ed from hearings held last month on the markup issue. Arrested for 19 31 Robbery GREENSBORO, N. C. (AP) The long arm of the law has reached back 43 years for Frank Smith, 68." A policeman investigating a minor traffic accident in which Smith was involved Friday dis- covered a warrant outstanding for him. Police said it accused him of highway robbery in a 57.25 theft on April It was not learned why the ease had not been disposed of. But since the crime is a felony to which .the statute of limita- tions doesn't apply, Smith was arrested. He was released on his own recognizance for trial next week. Ford Freeway LANSING, Mich. (AP) tye first public facility to be named President Ford, a freeway In western Michigan, will be dedicated Wednesday. "Stick to Drive for Reform" -MsGovern KANSAS CITY (AP) Sei George McGovern.told the Dem ocratic party Saturday to stic to its reform drive and extend to the nation's economic and p litical problems rather tha seek safety in a middle-of-th road political position. MeGovern's speech came a the Democratic mini conventio prepared to adopt the fir charter ever to govern a American political party. While he made no direct re erence to :the internal reform compromise, being sought party leaders, he spoke firm! in general terms against com promise that would thwai "years of struggle to open th closed doors of politics." There were increasing threa of walkout by black delegates the moment approached for f nally driving the 1972 quota sy: lem from party law. Renewed Threats Black leaders held an llth lour meeting with Party'Chair man Robert Strauss Frida night and came away with ri newed threats. One said Straus acted "like a plantation boss." The chief points of'contentio by Macks and women were section which 'banished quota Tom party rules and portions o document which woul make future credentials cha lenges more difficult. McGovern told the dele ;ates'that the recent Democrat c election victory was not mandate but rather presented challenge which the party coul not ignore without inviting d: saster. The 1972 presidential nominee vho suffered the party's wors defeat ever in a national elec ion in large part over party and national reform issues urged Democrats to stick ti eform. He added that the country now demands it. "Will Disserve" "If we seek only to .be a safe arty, if we seek the center foi Is own sake, we will disservi he .McGovern said 'We will disillusion voters igain. We will deserve to lose :ven if no one else deserves to vin. "The people have avoidec our more years of Nixon. They id not elect us to permit or over two more years o: lis policies. "Rather they asked us a sim ile thing, rare in. politics: To do vhat is right just because it i ae right thing to do. For our arty the way to keep power is spend it in the struggle for undamental reform." Seven-Point Program The Democrats' fire was all limed at the White House Fri- lay night as they unveiled even-point program which they r o m i s e d to push through ongress as a counter-attack to 'resident Ford's handling of the conomy. "The people want positive ac- ion in dealing with national Senate Democratic Vhip Robert Byrd said. "The democratic party must provide ositive action." "Our very survival may de- end on our ability to design nd carry out positive programs ecessary to overcome the eco- o m i c problems threatening House Speaker Carl Albert eclared. The'delegates then roared ap- roval of a resolution accusing ic administration of refusing to lake the strong remedial eps that are urgently needed nd that Americans are ready support." Low Mark Strauss gave Ford credit for ood intentions but said he had w marks on delivery. 'I think if we give him the adcrship he'll fall in rauss said at a news confer- nee. The program proposed by the emocrats includes across-the- oard controls which would ivcr not only wages and prices ut interest, profits and rente nd would be run by an agency nswerablc to congress. Other proposals were a public service jobs tax re- form and tax cuts for low-and- middle-income families, a na- tional health care program, a stringent energy conservation effort, better anti-trust and and re- vival of the depression-era Re- construction Finance Corpora- tion to help ailing businesses, coupled with lower interest rates and credit rationing. Pulled Out An early draft had also called for gasoline rationing as a last resort, but this was pulled out before the resolution was pre- sented to the delegates. However, Albert contended in Ms speech that "the American people are prepared to accept energy rationing if this becomes clearly necessary for the fairest and best use of our supplies and in order to reduce our depen- dence on foreign oil." The resolution was adopted by voice vote right on schedule after the allotted one-hour de- bate, although some delegates complained that it didn't cover this or that pet concern. Another major topic ot the rhetoric Friday night 'was the need to heal Democratic divi- sions. The delegates were re- minded of last month's election victories to prove the value of unity. "Launch Point" "Our actions here will affecl directly or indirectly, the oul :ome of the 1976 elections am hose Byrd said. And -louse Democratic Leade Thomas O'Neill called the con erence "the launch point foi he Democratic return to the Vhite House." "After the 1972 elections, nany said we were finished as he majority party of this na- Strauss said. "Tonight we :an say we have re-establishcc wr. great coalition of working amilies, minorities, labor, the armer and the business man and are now ready and able to erve the people of our great and.' The charter was the result ol ilmost two years' work by a pecial commission ordered by he 1972 convention. It codified he collection of rules which had [overned party affairs and in- orporated most of the reforms vhich the party has been pain- ully working on for six years. Key Provision One key provision buried the [uota system for representation f women, blacks, youth and ther minority groups in the makeup of national convention elegations. In place of the quotas came n "affirmative action" pro- ram which requires state par- es to recruit the under- epresented group? but doesn't udge the effort solely on the asis of numbers as the quota yslem had. Landslide Kills 12 JAKARTA, Indonesia (AP) welve villagers in central Java ere killed in a landslide trig- ired by heavy rains. Wlrepholo An unidentified Washington state delegate to the Democratic mini con- vention shows the effects of what must have been a long day in Kansas City. (More photos on picture page.) Will US, Give Grain? By Frank Nyc KANSAS CITY enough grain on world loday to feed its 500 'mil- lion starving people, mostly on the Indian subcontinent, U.S. Sen. Dick Clark of Iowa said Friday. The question is whether- the United States will take the lead jy pulling up at least one mil- ion tons of grain to ge't other nations lo commit the rest. Clark made the statement as a member of the "Rural Life in Jrban America" issues panel at .he Democratic charter conven- lon Friday afternoon. He told the nearly 200 dele gates present that it had been determined at a meeting of thi representatives of several na .ions at Rome last Friday lha .he 7.5 needed mngry feed the available about half of it in the Unitec States. It would take about billion ,o pay for it, Clark said, ant about million .to 'pay for million tons if the U.S. commit ed that much. Butz Objection But, he recalled, Agriculture Secretary Earl Butz had recent- y objected to that figure as icing too costly. Clark pointed oul that the en ire 7.5 million tons could be lurchased for less than the cosl if one Trident submarine anc hat the million for the U.S. would cost each citizen lightly more than 80 cents, or the equivalent of two packs There js cigarels or one drink, hand in the Tno 8ra'n would save at leas one million people.from starva tion, he said, and hundreds millions more from the physica and mental damage resultin from prolonged hunger. "We should take the lead b giving a small part of the grai Clark said, "lo our humanity to others." Panel Members Appearing on the panel wit! liim were Nebraska's Gov. J John Exon, who called for Butz resignation; .Minnesota Gov Wendell Anderson, Kentucky' former Gov. Edward Breathitt Washing! on's Congressmai Thomas Folcy and Chairmai Robert Partridge of the Na (ional Rural Electric Coopera live Assn. Clark was the only lowan tc appear on any of eight panel Ihat discussed subjecls ranging from law enforcement in the U.S. to this nation's role in the galaxy of governments on the international scene. The Iowa delegation caucusec Saturday morning lo plan slra tegy for the floor fighl cxpec led later in the day over wha the proposed new charier shoulc contain. million tons of grain world's now :mploye Error; Cost of .iving Was Overestimated WASHINGTON (AP) The urcau of Labor. Statistics says has overestimated the na- onal cost of living slightly for e last seven months because an employe's error. The error caused the con- umer price index to range om 0.1 lo 0.3 percent above its dual level, 'a labor department wkcsman said Friday. It was c first mistake the bureau has ad to correct since World war he added. Although relatively small, the rror will affect millions of orkers and retired persons hose salaries, pensions and ingc benefits arc linked to langcs in the index. The spokesman said the error ime about when the uniden- tified employe misread the "blue book" on used car prices compiled: by the National Au- tomobile Dealers Assn. Until'April, he said, the asso- ciation did not include air-condi- tioning in the prices of cars That month, the prices were changed to reflect the value of that item, but the employe failed to notice an explanatory footnote. The spokesman said the stat- istician discovered his error this week and recalculations began. The October index was in error by 0.3 percent, which an AFL-CIO economist said trans- lates roughly into one cent an hour in wages. The November index, comput- ed with the new information, is to be released Dec. 20. Particular Concern Of particular concern to Iowa delegates is the language to be adopled dealing with the methoc of selecting delegates to future national conventions. They want lo make sure that I keeps the process opeii so hat all elemenls and factions of the parly will have propor- ionale representation at future conventions. During the Saturday caucus t came out that Iowa was the inly slate to hold strictly to the 3uota syslem lised in 1872 lo in- ure minorily groups represen- ation on its national convention lelegalion. Today's Index Comics ......................6 Crossword ...................6 Church ...................3, 8 Daily Record................2 Deaths ......................2 Editorial Features...........4 Financial ..................11 Marlon ......................5 Movies......................7 Sports Television .9, Want Ads ................12-15 Also, that at this charter con yention Iowa's delegation has 22 as it refueled in the Persia gulf sheikdom of Dubai, the flew iti to Tunis and presse their- demands for. release fellow terrorists held in Egyp and. Holland. They executed the Germa when authorities tried to trie them into believing the lerro ists they .sought were alrcad at' the Tunis airport when fact they weren't. Later the Egyptian govern ment flew five terrorists Tunis and the Dutch govern ment flew two others to thi Tunisian capital. The surrendei of the plane followed. Joke on Juror Food Backfires PERU, Ind. (AP) Count; louncilman Bill Deeds, who is on jury duty, was present for council meeting that itook up thi appropriation for food catering edging and other jury expenses While it was being discussed Deeds jokingly observed tha 'the meals aren't very good." Thursday, while Deeds was serving on a 12-member jury 1 trays of food were delivera or lunch. Deeds got the 12th tray, whid leld only a newspaper clippinj jn the council meeting am Deeds' comment. Today's Chuckle December is the month when you try to keep your apart- ment at a temperature where, if it !were August, you'd com- plain about it to the landlord. Copyright Venezuela Nationalizing J. S. Ore Subsidiaries CARACAS (AP) President arlos Andres Perez announced aturday that on Jan. 1 the enezuelan government will na- onalize the iron ore mining in- jslry now operated by sub- diaries of U.S. Steel and Belh- chem Steel. The takeover, which has been i the planning stages for lonths, is expected to serve as model for the nationalization iter next year of the more im- ortanl oil industry. Perez said in a speech to ongress that compensation ould not exceed the net book alue of the iron mining hold- gs but gave no specific figure, ayment is to be made over 10 cars in government bonds at 7 crccnt interest. Argenis Gamboa, president of the Venezuelan Guayana Corp., a regional development agency, announced earlier that ml} lion would be paid Orinoco Min ing, the U.S. Steel subsidiary, and million to Iron Mines Co., which belongs lo Bethle- hem. Spokesmen for both compa- nies said at their headquarters in Pittsburgh that they were not surprised by the announcement. Neither company revealed the of its Venezuelan hold- U.S. produces about 87 million long tons of iron ore a year, or about two-thirds of the iron ore used by its steel in- dustry. Imports provide the rest, of which half come from Canada 21.6 million long tons last year followed by 13 mil- lion from Venezuela. value ings. The His Return To Cyprus Acclaimed NICOSIA, Cyprus (AP) .rchbishop Makarios returned Cyprus today after five months of exile and in a dra- matic balcony appearance told a roaring crowd of he vould grant amnesty to the men who plotted his overthrow .as resident. A large section of the, throng creamed disapproval, chanting 'EOKA-B murderers, try ry them." But Makarios held 'out his lands, appealing for'quiet, then aid, "Please, please, i absolve hem of all sin and grant them an amnesty in. the hope, that this vill bring about the desired con- cord and unity of our people." He also said he accept" a military solution im- posed.by the Turkish invaders. The record turnout of Greek Cypriots welcomed him with chants of "Makarios! Ma- Packed Solidly The square in front of the palace and all streets leading into it were packed solidly with people, their attention riveted on the black-robed figure on the balcony. Thousands more formed a jagged skyline, around the pal- ace, standing on.roofs and bal- conies of high-rise buildings as far as a half-mile away. Makarios was visibly moved. Tears streamed down-'his' face" during parts of his speech and iis voice broke frequently. "This is not the time lo set >ut my views on how the prob- cm should be he said. But he added, "We shall never accept a settlement in- wiving transfer of populations and amounting to the partition f the island. "We shall never recognize aits accomplis brought about by military operations. "Wants Talks" "We want talks with the Tur- ish Cypriots lo bridge our dif- erences It is possible to ind a way lo safeguard the ights of the Greeks and the nurks, their peaceful coexis- ence and cooperation for their mutual benefit and common welfare." Makarios spoke from beneath wo gaping shell holes in the acade of the seconds-floor bal- ony. The damage was caused n the fighting during the bloody uly coup that forced him ,to lee abroad after the plotters mnounced he was dead. "I was counted among the cad. And here I am among the Makarios said at the eginning of his speech. The crowd roared with laugh- ir and chanted in reply, "The unta is dead." Makarios landed at the British asc at Akroliri after a flight rom Greece. Full Alert The Greek armed forces and urkey's occupation troops had een placed.on full alert in'an- cipation of any trouble. No outsider was allowed on ic base to meet the archbishop xcept the deputy commander the U.N. peacekeeping force i Cyprus and two unidentified reek Cypriot civilian officials. Newsmen and aides Who ac- o m p a n i c d Makarios from thens were forced to remain in e plane as he disembarked, e immediately stepped aboard U.N. helicopter for the. short ight to Nicosia. Both the Greek andi Turkish mmunilies on Cyprus feared is return might trigger now ghting by extremists.'The pro- reck EOKA-B underground reatencd to renew fighting nless lie changes his policies. But the mood on the Island is jubilant. Crowds of Greek Tirlols hung banners saying: Makarios, symbol of democrn- and peace." Tho government, now headed (Continued: Page 2, Col. 7.)
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