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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - November 26, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa leather- I'wrlly cloudy will, WHint't! (if snow (unluM l-ows, 25 lo cloudy Wednesday, In mid ;jo.s. VOLUME 92 CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 1974 CITY FINAL 15 CENTS ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES WASHINGTON (AP) Pres ident Ford briefed leaders Tuesday on his hope for an arms accord with the So viets and Sen. Thurmond (R S. C.) indicated he thinks th projected agreement would wii senate approval. Thurmond, a frequent critic o U. S. negotiations with the Sovi et Union, said that, if a fina agreement emerges that mir rors Ford's description of it, tht senate will probably vote to ap prove it. The senator declined to revea the still-secret numbers in volved in Ford's Vladivostok verbal agreement with Leonic Brezhnev Sunday. But he acknowledged thai, i a final agreement is worked out, each country would be limitcc to less than long-range missiles and bombers. Ford said Brezhnev "is con- cerned about a wild arms race" and for that reason agreed tentatively on limiting weapons. "This provides adequate secu- rity for both of Ford said. His remarks were relayed to reporters by 'Press Secretarj Ron Nessen. Ford was said to have de- clared that the accord gives "equivalency" to the U. S. and Soviet Union, meaning they would be on an equal footing. Nessen said Ford reported the accord would require the Sovi- ets to scale down their planned program and the U.S. would probably be able to increase its array of nuclear arms 'slightly. "Disturbs Me" Thurmond said there would be no on-site inspection to guaran- tee observance of the agree- ment and "that disturbs me somewhat." However, lie said Ford contended U. S. in- telligence capabilities make on- site inspection unnecessary. As for the whole package, which presumably would be worked out in detail early next year by negotiators in Genev; Thurmond said, "I still hav some reservations and I proba bly always will until they (th Soviets) abandon their goal world conquest." He said they "don't live up t their agreements." Thurmond said more precis terms of the accord will b made public "in about a week. He said Ford will not make an further public announcement 01 the subject until then becaus he docs not want to do anythin that "would upset the agree mont." Jackson Omitted Ford didn't invite his scvercs arms control critic, Sen. Jack son lo Tuesday's briefing. The briefing was open tf house and senate leaders of botl parties and the ranking Demo cratic and Republican member; of Hie house and senate commil lees on appropriations, foreign affairs and armed services. Jackson docs not fit in tha category, but he heads the arms control subcommittee of the senale armed services commit tee and lias a long background on the subject. He was critical of the interim nuclear arms accord negotiated by Richard Nixon in which ho said Rave too much advan- tage lo the Russians. Throw-Weight Problem Congressional sources close lo Jackson charged that he was probably excluded from the Ford briefing bocau.se of his past critical role. Jackson told, newsmen: (Continuc-il: IMgc Col. 6.) Chuckle A polilician is a person who never met a lax he didn't hike. Wircoliotc Chinese Foreign Minister Chiao Kuan-hua chats with Secretary of State Kissinger and his wife, Nan- cy, at the guest house in Peking. Living Cost InC.R.Up I 1.6 Percent It may provide little comfort ut the 11.6 percent cost of liv ng rise in Cedar Rapids during ie last year was less than tin 2.2 for the nation as a whole. Prices 'here during the mid uly to mid-October quarter in rcased by 2.7 percent, again ess than the 3.3 percent for tin ation. And since Jan. 1, 1967, the ost of living in Cedar Rapids as jumped 44.2 percent, but Ihe ation's average has leaped 53.2 erccnt in that lime. Apparel Increase The department of labor's lat- sl consumer price index show: pparel increased the most in ic July-October period 4.9 ercent. This was mainly due to creases in clothing for women nd girls. Kissinger May Invite PEKING (UPI) Secretary of State Kissinger held his fourth meeting Chinese leaders in 24 hours Tuesday amid diplomatic signs that he will invite one of Mao Tse-tung's top lieutenants to Washington for the first time. Kissinger spent 30 minutes with ailing Premier Chou En-lai upon arrival Monday evening and then plunged into sessions with deputy Premier Ten Hsiao- ping and Foreign Minister Chiao Kuan-hua, sandwiching in sight- seeing with his wife and two teenage children. At the opening of this morn- ing's session, Teng said, "I hope we can soon exchange views in Washington." Picking up the diplomatic liint, Kissinger nodded across .he table and said, "I hope we can do that verv soon." .It is his seventh visit to Pek- ing since his secret journey here in July, 1971, opened a. fricndliei era of Sino-American relations. Diplomats said the American desire for more normal rela- tions with China depends on Peking. The Chinese have been in no rush lo speed up the recent growth of diplomatic and trade exchanges. Teng's mention of a Washing- ton imeeting suggests the Chi- nese may be willing lo step up Ihe pace of their new era of good feeling with the U. S., the diplomats said. Transportation prices seems to be our com- the smallest increase for Teng said. quarter, but the largest in briefed Chinese bf- past year. The big price on the U.S. -Soviet agree- creases occurred before to limit offensive nuclear particularly for gasoline. prices have since briefing, held in a confer- Food here was up 2.4 room in the Great Hall of in the quarter, 8.6 percent People, was intended to re- the year. Large variances China lhat no secret un- found in food prices. Meat were reached by down 9.9 percent from a Ford and Soviel leac Leonid Brezhnev lasl week- (Continued: Page 9, Col. Quits Premiership Shame, Tanaka TOKYO (AP) Hailed as insufficient. He years ago as Japan's man of a consensus because he future, Prime Minister he cannot defeat the com- Tanaka says lie is resigning Tanaka-Ohira forces in a straight vole among the dozen shame and embarrassment so factions within the party. "misunderstandings" about combination of factions Ice sources of his private Tanaka, Ohira and Yasuhiro The 56-year-old maverick Tanaka's minister lapancsc politics international trade and in- Tuesday that he would defeated Fukuda in as prime minister until the ing Liberal Democratic the deadlock continues to can find a successor. This 10, a parly convention is take two to be called. The leading contenders Drive ormer Finance Minister rukuda, 69, Tanaka's chief Iho "computerized ll ical foe, and Finance because of his en- Uasayoshi Ohira, a and skill willi finances, 'anaka began his stewardship Into Ihe nation in July, 1972, by a successful cam- The resignation plunged lo recognize mainland conservative government lie ended it after another nlo turmoil. The Fukuda the Nov. 18-22 visit nsistcd lhat a new party President Ford, first Ameri- dent and prime minister Chief Executive ever to be chosen through lo Japan. amoiij. parly leaders. The between, inflation, soaring action was holding out for costs, international mone- full-scale parly problems and suggestions Fukuda has Ihe backing Ihe respecled liungci Shinju r ul vowed to resume their trike Friday if Ihe army fails o meet their demands. struct justice in the Watergate affair." Delivering his opening state- ment, Wilson outlined for the jury what lie called "chapters' in the Watergate story: Begin- ning with the breakin planning (he immediate Watergate affer- malh, Ihe defendant's need foi money and the in Hal- deman's control thai eventually ivent lo the Watergate defend- ants. Mitchell "Loyalty" Mitchell's lawyer, William Hundley, had told the jury Mon- lay that Mitchell was a fall guy vhose "loyalty and belief in his President" kept him from blow- ng the whislle on the Nixon Vhile House. "The evidence vill show clearly the loyalty ras not Hundley iddcd. Wilson began with the meet- ing thai John Dean had with Haldeman in January or Febru- ary, 1972, at a time when Mit- chell had rejected two breakin and bugging plans championec by G. Gordon Liddy. "Both agree that there was a declaration between them lhat Mr. Dean should stay out of the mailer Wilson said. The lawyer said there was a suggestion that because Hal- deman's deputy, Gordon Stra- chan, saw memorandums about the breakin plans thai these were automatically brought to Haldeman's altention. But, said Wilson, "Mr. Hal- deman recalls seeing nothing even hinting at this situation." Of the meetings a week afler Ihe June 17, 1972, breakin in (Continued: Page 3, Col. 4.) Fuller Probe Of Rocky's Money Urged WASHINGTON (AP) Congress was accused of acting like "kind of a passive lady1 Tuesday for not investigating more vigorously potential con- flicts of interest in Nelson Roc- kefeller's confirmation as vice president. The charge was made by Jo scph Rauh, vice-chairman of the Americans for Democralic Ac lion, during free-wheeling lesti mony before Ihe house judiciary which he frequent ly engaged in heated arguments with members. Rauh accused both the house and senate confirmation com- mittees of accepting at face value Rockefeller's testimony that possible conflicts of interest between his vast wealth and decisions he would have to make if he became President are a myth. Suggests Election Congress should cither con- duct a full scale investigation nto potential conflicts of nomi- iccs, Rauh contended, or fill ice-presidential vacancies in- tead by special national dec lions. "Either you act for the pub Rauh said, "or you ouglv to let the public act for itself." Rep. Sandman (R-N.J.) called Rauh's assertion thai congress could determine Roc- WASHINGTON (AP) Aban- doning his quest for a fedferal budget under billion, Pres- ident Ford Tuesday proposed billion in spending cuts but ;aid further cuts would be un- wise at this time. In a message to congress, he did not spell out his reasons for :eeling they would be unwise, nut he seemed to acknowledge that deeper spending slashes could have an adverse effect on :he already weakening econ- omy. Altogether, Ford proposed 146 actions affecting federal spend- ng plans for the 1975 fiscal year lhat began July 1. Of these, all out 11 would require congres- sional approval. Under Ford's revised budget blueprint, federal outlays in fis- cal 1975 would total bil- lion, compared to his original goal of just under billion. Biggest Ounk Of the reductions urged, the biggest chunk, billion, would come from programs ad- ministered by the department of health, education and welfare. Other major cutbacks includ- ed: Veterans Administration billion; agriculture depart- ment ?600 million; defense de- partment million; General Services Administration million. All other reductions would amount to about million or less. kefeller's fitness for office only by investigating his wealth "ab- solutely absurd and ridiculous. "Because after you inves- tigate all this, what it all comes down to is whether he has integ- rity, isn't that he asked. Draw Lines Rauh replied. He said he question is not only whether here is conflict of interest but (Continued: Page 3. Col. 6.) Detroit Chieftains Voice Dismal Predictions Amid Car Sales Slump DETROIT (AP) Thirteen lonths into its longest slump other company operations, incc World war 11, the sputter- ig auto industry posted a sharp 5 percent sales decline in mid- November amid predict ions of rorse limes lo come. "I don't see any sign of it gcl- ng said a concerned fairy Ford II as Ihe industry vas reporting its second worst prformancc for a Nov. 11-20 eriod in 14 years. "We've got a period we've got live through, but it can get 'orse. I don't think it's bol- imcrt out Ihe chairman of orcl Motor Co. said Monday. Plant Closing The dismal sales report was encrally expected by Ihe aulo impanies, who already had an- planl closings and cutbacks in Aboul of the workers have received indefinite fur- loughs. Total sales to dale for the year are now off 23 percent from a year ago to wilh General Motors down 27 p c r c c n t, Ford 16 percent, Chrysler Corp. 20 percent and American Motors 11 percent. The four U. S. auto makers reported sales of for the Nov. 11-20 period, a 34.7 percent drop from in Ihe same 1973 period, based on Ihc daily selling rale. There was onn less selling day last year. Chrysler was down 42 percent, GM was off 34 percent, Ford dropped 31 percent and AMC .mpan.cs, wno already had an- was off 35 porconl. ounccri sweeping plant shut-! owns and worker layoffs in Ihe Energy Crisis ake of lagging sales. Nearly hourly and bile collar workers will be on yoff next month because of Industry sales in Ihe first ID days of November (railed Iho same 1973 period by 38 percent. Although the percentage de- cline in recent months is about the same as at the start of the slump triggered by the energy crisis last fall, volume declines are substantially greater. For example, sales last Jan- uary were off 23 percent from record high in January, 1973. Sales lasl month were off 27 percent from Ihe previous October, but sales Ihen were al- ready down 12 percent from Oc- lober, 1972. Also unlike Ihe early days of the downturn, when large, gas- guzzling models bore Ihe brunl, consumers loday appear lo be staying away from all sizes. The companies blamed Ihe initial stages of the slump on consumer fears over fuel short- ages. And, as they had predict- ed, big-car sales picked up in early summer when the energy crisis subsided. Now, the makers are blaming economic recession and con- sumer uncertainty for falling sales in all market segmenls. Brezhnev: No Border Troop Cut MOSCOW (AP) Soviet lead- er Leonid Brezhnev 'Tuesday as "absolutely unac- ceptable" a call by China for ioviet troop withdrawals from lisputed areas on the Soviet- China border. Brezhnev an- wercd a Chinese message of Nov. 7 lhat proposed talks (o normalize relations between the feuding Communist giants. Chinese initiative had urged (he Iroop withdrawals. Tass, the Soviet news agency, did not mention the Chinese message in reporting Dial Brezhnev said: "At first glance, it would seem that the leaders of the People's Republic of Ihina also came out for norma- lizing relations with the Soviet Union. The trouble, however, is lhat their words are divorced from their deeds." Fronlicr Guards Brezhnev said China "ad- vances as a preliminary condi- tion no more, no less than the lemand for withdrawal of Sovi- et frontier guards from a number of areas of our territory o which the Chinese leaders have now decided to make claims and so started calling hem disputed areas." The Chinese message restated Peking's long-standing position on Ihe border areas. Apparently referring to the message, Brezh- nev said: "Peking declares outright that it will agree to talks on border questions only afler its demand concerning the so- called disputed areas is met. It (Continued: Page 3, Col. 8.) Today's Index Comics Crossword........... Daily Record Deaths Editorial Features Farm............... Financial Marion Movies Society Sports Slate Television Wiinl Ads 17 17 Ii 12 18 7 8 1.7-16 21-25
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