Sunday, November 24, 1974

Cedar Rapids Gazette

Location: Cedar Rapids, Iowa

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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - November 24, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa LIFE ON MOUND FARM rn fie    Out    of    History (In Section A) RIP VAN WINKLE CENTENNIAL Mechanicsville lins an Awakening (In Section B) Section A Weather ClMdy May. blxh la lls. Cleariag tonight •ad tomorrow low la Mr. high la Ms. Cedar ftaaidd #a$eWe CITY FINAL 35 CENTS YOUNIE 92 - NUMBER 319 CEDAR RAPIDS. IOWA. SUNDAY. NOVEMBER 24. 1974 ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI. NEW YORK TIMES r Guerillas Still Hold 27 Captives After Killing West German Banker UPI Telephoto FIRST MEETING — American and Soviet leaders held their first formal meeting Saturday during a 90-minute train ride from the airport to Vladivostok. At left are Secretary of State Kissinger and President Ford. Left to right from the center are, Andrey Aleksandrov, aide to the Soviet leader, Soviet Ambassador to the U.S. Anatoly Dobrynin, Soviet Foreign Minister Andrey Gromyko and Soviet Communist Party Leader Brezhnev. Ford ‘Encouraged’ with Summit VLADIVOSTOK, USSR. (AP) — President Ford said today that he was '‘encouraged’' about the progress he is making with Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev on establishing guidelines for a new 10-year treaty limiting offensive nuclear weapons. "We hope we don’t disappoint you," the President, bundled in a wolfskin parka with a Russian sable hat on his head, told newsmen at the door of his dacha (villa ) "We're encouraged " He then walked down a snow-lined path to a conference center where Brezhnev awaited him far the second day of talks on the nuclear Today s Chuckle Father "My kid talks two languages — English and back."    co©vri*M arms limitation treaty, as well as a variety of other topics, including the Middle East Past Midnight Ford and Brezhnev had met in the white stucco building until past midnight Saturday, discussing only one subject: How to instruct negotiators rn Geneva on framing a nuclear arms limitation treaty in time to sign when the two leaders meet again in Washington next summer After the more than six hours of talks. Secretary of State Kissinger told newsmen: "We are in the same ballpark . . . Enough was done to give impetus to the negotiations in Geneva. We have come closer to our goal " "Spirit of Detente" The two-day summit has been widely publicized in the Soviet press, reflecting the Kremlin’s determination to move ahead with its policy of detente "A new significant page is being inscribed into the chronicle of the relationship between our countries, marked with the spirit of detente and normalization," declared the government newspaper Izvestia The nuclear arms limitations treaty apparently has been the key topic discussion The U. S. and Soviet Union are both committed to a 10-year treaty limiting missiles, bombers and other means of waging nuclear warfare The U.S.-Soviet pact restricting certain weapons systems expires in 1977 At the last U.S.-Soviet summit, Brezhnev and former President Nixon failed to make substantial progress on a SALT pact, but agreed to work toward a IO-year pact "Nat Hight ' "For a variety of reasons things were not right for an agreement" last July, Kis singer said The Ford-Brezhnev talks were "in a different atmosphere," he said "I have the impression the two men get along excellently ” The Russians issued a statement. approved by Ford, that spoke of a "determination to make all necessary efforts" to give recent improvements in U.S.-Soviet relations "an irreversible character " Ford and Brezhnev were meeting again Sunday and were expected to turn to the Middle East and other topics shelved along with dinner Saturday night to maintain the momentum of their discussion on the complex nuclear weapons issue Kissinger said Ford's departure may be extended several hours but that the President planned to head back for Washington by nightfall “Don’t go overboard on progress," Kissinger eau- (Continued Page 3. Col 5) TUNIS (AP) - Three Palestinian gunmen who earlier had executed a German hostage released 13 of their captives Saturday night, but continued to hold 27 others in a commandeered British jetliner Six women came down a ladder placed against the door of the British Airways jet’s cockpit and walked to the terminal building Three hours earlier five women, a child and a man were freed Engineers Hit AEC Power Plant Study WASHINGTON (AP) - A group of engineers and scientists said Saturday the Atomic Energy Commission has given out "misleading and in complete information on the risk of catastrophic nuclear power plant accidents.” Particularly, the group attacked a two-year, 13-million study by Dr Norman Rasmussen of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, released by the AEC in August. The Rasmussen study, said MIT physics professor Henry W. Kendall, "has serious limitations and    defects    and cannot be used to sweep away the doubts about reactor safe-ty Ptwer Program Milton Kamins. chief engineer for Rand Corp , said the Rasmussen work stands only "is in-house rationalization" on the safety of the AEC’s power program The group made its accusations at a news conference and released a 15(1-page report of its own on behalf of the Union of Concerned Scientists. Cambridge, Mass , and the Sierra Club. San Francisco. What should happen next. Kendall said, is a comprehensive and disinterested review of the nuclear (lower program by congress "The AEC is confident that the techniques used in the Rasmussen study are the best available," a spokesman for the agency said in response to the criticism Rasmussen attempted to (Continued Page 3, Col 2) the same way and subsequently were whisked off to a Tunis hold After the first release, Tunisian Interior Minister Taher Balkohdja told newsmen negotiations with the hijackers were "proceeding actively’’ and the drama might soon be resolved Shat in Bark Earlier in the day, hundreds of horrified spectators looked on from the airport’s terminal building as one of the gunmen marched German banker Werner Gustav Kohl to the open door of the airplane and shot him in the back Kohl, the 43-year-old father of three, dropped 12 feet to the tarmac and IO minutes later was taken to a hospital where he was pronounced dead on arrival. The murder came after the three hijackers apparently felt they were tricked by a Tunisian radio announcement which had said the 13 Palestinian guerillas held in Cairo had been brought to Tunis. The guerillas had, in fact, not been brought here. The terrorists had said they would kill their hostages one at a time if the 13 were not released from confinement in Cairo Five of the imprisoned guerillas were flown here earlier from Cairo, but they remained in a building near the control tower There was no word on whether the hijackers were still demanding the release of the other eight. Tunisian sources said they were awaiting the arrival of two Palestinians imprisoned in the Netherlands since April for hijacking a British airliner to Amsterdam where they set it on fire No Confirmation Tunisian authorities have said the Dutch government told them it would be prepared to release the pair, but there has been no confirmation of this from The Hague. The hijacking, which began on Thursday when the gunmen commandeered the airliner in Dubai on a flight from london to Singapore, has been decried by the Arabs as an attempt to embarrass Palestine Liberation Organization leader Yasir Arafat The hijackers apparently were members of a splinter Farm Issues Highlight Iowa DOT Testimony DES MOINES (UPI) -Charged with the “herculean" task of developing a state transportation policy, the department of transportation commission Saturday heard testimony at a day-long hearing from about 30 groups and individuals seeking to help formulate that policy Robert Rigler of New Hampton, commission chairman, said the staff would carefully consider all testimony in making modifications on a proposed draft before writing the final report, due to Gov. Ray and the With general assembly when the legislature convenes in January Movement af t.ood*- Much of the testimony centered around a transportation system that would move agriculture products from farm-to-market in the quickest, most efficient and economical mn hod possi ble. Harold Anderson of the Iowa Farm Bureau said “agriculture needs an integrated transportation system to support a two-way movement of goods and services." Anderson said he was concerned about the poor condition of bridges and secondary roads in Iowa, the outmoded rail-road system and the deterioration of facilities necessary for barge traffic on the Mississippi river He suggested the DOT establish a division which would give high priority to dealing with secondary road and bridge problems Richard Hileman. executive vice-president of the Iowa Motor Truck Assn , called for a regulatory commission within the DOT for trucks which carry the "farm-to-market” products. "Farmers are solely dependent on highways for the (Continued Page 3, Col. 3) Credit Easier To Get for Women By Judy Dasbeamier The ability to borrow money — be it for a commercial venture, home purchase, or short term installment needs — can be the key to independ ence in a society where money talks Women today — single, married, and divorced — are anxious to see that credit is given where credit is due Yardsticks far deriding wha is worthy et credit (employ meat record, larloding la rome, and credit history I are ■eboloos, leaving lots of room for lodgment calls and cons clons or nncooscions disc rim! nation Large numbers of women traditionally holders of low paying jobs, Slave not had the income to support a Urge amount of credit. "Only in very recent years say the last four to six years," said one hanker, "have there been job situations of any great number for women in our community that would provide them with a fairly independent source of livelihood wherein they would need credit. “Girls were living at home or with other girls Jobs women worked at IO years ago didn t pay like they do now Women have a great deal more going for them in their ability to repay debt " There is some evidence that’ women are increasingly able to get a cut of the action for themselves when it comes to ability to borrow money. A random survey by the National Assn of Realtors on single women and home buying showed that single women in many parts of the country are buying homes, condominiums, and investment property in increasing numbers According to a report from the U S Department of Hous ing and Urban Development (HUD), single women last year bought more existing homes with Federal Housing Administration insurance than single men did In 1970. 5 5 percent of existing home mortgages went to single males, while 4 5 percent went to single females Last year, the women bought 7 7 percent of the existing home mortgages, and single males 7 3 percent Although some bankers may try bi deny it. credit has not always gone where it is due, as in the case of Ltta Sorter. 3K40 Lennox avenue NE "Tbc first time I tried is get a Isas for a baase was is absst 1157. I was tursed dawn flat becasse I was a wtitian "The bank told me my income was adequate to support the payments and they would have given the loan to a married man with a family to support who had the same in- come "Since I was a single woman, they told me they couldn't loan me the* money," she said "They told me this outright. just as though it was a perfectly reasonable thing which anybody could understand "I didn’t think it was very reasonable, of course ” Miss Sorter sought a loan from another local bank and it was granted without any problem Three years ago. she wanted to buy another home and a loan was arranged at a third bank, at a lower than usual rate of interest, without any problem "The second time around I had more assets behind me." she* surmised as the reason fori receiving the loan so easily "I imagine the lenders have changed their lines in the last 15 years lf they did tarn ysa dawn berinse ynn’re a single vt win an naw they never wiuld tell yin that," said Miss San tar "They would have same ather reason because the wanian s movement is sa strang mw." Miss Sortor said the only credit problem she ever encountered was her attempt to get that first home loan Car loans and charge accounts were not difficult to obtain Being able to borrow money for larger items such as homes and commercial ventures often depends on how credit was handled for the smaller purchases Richard Thoennes, credit manager at Killian s department store, reports that store "has always had a lot of women applying for accounts, in their own name or their husband's name "We haven’t seen any significant increase or change We’ve been naming credit cants in wives’ names for years " Each application is considered on the basis of the person’s ability to repay and the history of how a person has paid his or her hilts Thoennes said he looks for at least six months on the same job to show the person has some "stability" Single men and women might lie considered more mobile than married people, he said, since they have no family ties to hold them rn one spot, but a person’s mobility also depends on the type of job they have Married and divorced women present different situations "We are one of the few stores in town that have offered credit in a woman’s name as company tradition ,’’ said Thoennes "Divorce cases present us (font on Page IHA Col I) rn Xv. group bitterly opposed to Arafat's readiness to accept a political solution to the Middle East conflict The Pl/) has accused Iraq of being behind the attack. A PLO spokesman in Cairo said his organization opposes giving in to the hijackers’ demands Egypt at first refused to negotiate with the hijackers, but the Egyptian foreign ministry issued a statement Saturday saying President Sadat agreed to the release after appeals from the leaders of Tunisia, Algeria and lebanon and the Western European countries the hostages came from. "On (nndltlnn" “It was agreed that the five who went to Tunis will be (Continued Page 3, Col. 7) U.S. Agent Enters Coal Bargaining WASHINGTON (AP) - The government’s chief labor troubleshooter moved Saturday into contract talks between the coal industry and striking United Mine Workers, citing the "mounting toll" being inflicted by the nationwide coal strike. W J. Usery, director of the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service requested bargaining committees of the union and coal industry to meet with him at 9 am. CST today. "The mounting toll this dispute is inflicting on the nation now makes it imperative that a resolution be reached promptly," Usery said He made the request in a telegram to Arnold Miller, president of the UMW, and Nick Cambria, chairman of the Bituminous Coal Operators Assn. Earlier, Usery had avoided direct participation in the contract negotiations, saying it would be in the best interest of the nation and the coal industry lf the 12-day-oid strike could be settled without direct government intervention In his telegram to Miller and Camicia, Usery said: "This work stoppage has brought an adverse impact upon the* entire nation, and the condition grows more serious with each passing day." Today's Index SECTION A Lot* Newt    1,1.1* D#oths    J City Hall Not**    J Report Cord    * Editor lait    I    ft.    ll Accent 0« Youts    ll SECTION B Iowa News    I    V Frank Ny*s Politico* Notes    I Mot lor    • Tete vision Tool* Food    * Financial    ll    IJ New York Stocks    ll Boudin*    IAU Movies    *B    ** Record Reviews    I* Form  ......      IO    ll SECTION C Social    •    Hi Around th* Town    I New BOBit  -    ..,*M Travel  .......   -................ SECTION O Sports     1    ll Outdoor iowa    '0 Won* Ads    *1    M Crossword Par od* MoftQi'n*    I    IB