Sunday, November 24, 1974

Cedar Rapids Gazette

Location: Cedar Rapids, Iowa

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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - November 24, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Page Out of C.R. History (In Section A) Mechanicsville Has an Awakening Section (In Section B) Weofher Cloudy today, high In 30s. Clearing tonight and tomwmv, In 20s, Ugh in 30s. VOLflWE 92 NUMBER 319 CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA, SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 24, 1974 CITY FINAL 35 CENTS ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES Guerillas Still Hold 27 Captives After Killing West German Banker FIRST MEETING American and Soviet leaders held their first formal meeting Saturday during a 90-minute train ride from the airport to Vladivostok. At left are Secretary of State Kissinger and President Ford. Left to right from the center are, Andrey Aleksandrov, aide to the Soviet leader, Soviet Ambassador to the U.S. Anatoly Dobrynin, Soviet Foreign Minister Andrey Gromyko and Soviet Communist Party Leader Brezhnev. Ford 'Encouraged' with Summit VLADIVOSTOK, U.S.S.R. <AP) President Ford said today that he was "encour- aged" about the progress he is making with Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev on establish- ing guidelines for a new 10- year treaty limiting offensive nuclear weapons. "We hope we don't disap- point the President, bundled in a wolfskin parka with a Russian sable hat on his head, told newsmen at the door of his dacha (villa.) "We're encouraged." He then walked down a snow-lined path to a confer- ence center where Brezhnev awaited him tar the second day of talks on the nuclear Today's Chuckle Father: "My kid talks two languages English and back." arms limitation treaty, as well as a variety of other topics, including the Middle East. Past Midnight Ford and Brezhnev had met in the white stucco building until past midnight Saturday, discussing only one subject: How to instruct negotiators in Geneva on framing a nuclear arms limitation treaty in time to sign when the two leaders meet again in Washington next summer. After the more than six hours of talks, Secretary of State Kissinger told newsmen: "We are in the same ballpark Enough was done to give impetus to the negotiations in Geneva. We have come closer to our goal." "Spirit of Detente" The two-day summit has been widely publicized in the Soviet press, reflecting the Kremlin's determination to move ahead with' its policy of detente. "A new significant page is being inscribed into the chronicle of the relationship between our countries, marked with the spirit of de- tente and declared the government newspaper Izvestia. The nuclear arms limita- tions treaty apparently has been the key topic discus- sion. The U. S. and Soviet Un- ion are both committed to a 10-year treaty limiting mis- siles, bombers and other means of waging nuclear warfare. The U.S.-Soviet pact re- stricting certain weapons systems expires in 1977. At the last U.S.-Soviet summit, Brezhnev and former Presi- dent Nixon failed to make substantial progress on a SALT pact, but agreed to work toward a 10-year pact. "Not Right" "For a variety of reasons things were not right for an agreement" last July, Kis- singer said. The Ford- Brezhnev talks were "in a different he said. "I have the impression the two men get along excel- lently." The Russians issued a state- ment, approved by Ford, that spoke of a "determination to make all necessary efforts" to give recent improvements in U.S.-Soviet relations "an ir- reversible character." Ford and Brezhnev were meeting again Sunday and were expected to turn to the Middle East and other topics shelved along with dinner Sat- urday night to maintain the momentum of their discussion on the complex nuclear weap- ons issue. Kissinger said Ford's de- parture may be extended sev- eral hours but that the Pres- ident planned'to head back for Washington by nightfall. "Don't go overboard on Kissinger cau- TUNIS (AP) Three Pa- lestinian gunmen who earlier had executed a German hos- tage released 13 of their cap- tives Saturday night, but continued to hold 27 others in a commandeered British jetliner. Six women came down a ladder placed against the door of the British Airways jet's cockpit and walked to the terminal building. Three hours earlier five women, a child and a man were freed Engineers Hit AEC Power Plant Study WASHINGTON (AP) A group of engineers and scien- tists said Saturday the Atomic Energy Commission has given out "misleading and in- complete information on the risk of catastrophic nuclear power plant accidents." Particularly, the group at- tacked a two-year, study by Dr. Norman Ras- mussen of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, re- leased by the AEC in August. The Rasmusscn study, said MIT physics professor Henry W. Kendall, "has serious lim- itations and defects and cannot be used to sweep away the doubts about reactor safe- ty." Power Program Milton Kamins, chief en- gineer for Rand Corp., said the Rasmussen work stands only "as in-house rational- ization" on the safely of the AEC's power program. The group made its accusa- tions at a news conference and released a 150-page report of its own on behalf of the Union of Concerned Scientists, Cambridge, Mass., and (he Sierra Club, San Francisco. What should happen next, Kendall said, is a compre- hensive and disinterested re- view of the nuclear power program by congress. "The AEC is confident that the techniques used in the Rasmussen study are the best a spokesman for the agency said in response to the criticism. Rasmussen attempted to the same way and subsequent- ly were whisked off to a Tunis hotel. After the first release, Tuni- sian Interior Minister Taher Balkohdja told newsmen ne- gotiations with the hijackers were "proceeding actively" and the drama might soon be resolved. Shot in Back Earlier in the day, hundreds of horrified spectators looked on from the airport's terminal building as one of the gunmen marched German banker Werner Gustav Kehl to the open door of the airplane and shot him in the back. Kehl, the 43-year-old father of three, dropped 12 feet to the tarmac and 10 minutes later was taken to a hospital where he was pronounced dead on arriv- al. The murder came after the three hijackers apparently felt they were tricked by a Tunisi- an radio announcement which had said the 13 Palestinian guerillas held in Cairo had been brought to Tunis. The guerillas had, in fact, not been brought here. The terrorists had said they would kill their hostages one at a time if the 13 were not released from confinement in Cairo. Five of the imprisoned guerillas were flown here earlier from Cairo, but they remained in a building near the control tower. There was no word on whether the hijackers were still demanding the release of the other eight. Tunisian sources said they were await- ing the arrival of two Pales- tinians imprisoned in the Netherlands since April for hijacking a British airliner to Amsterdam where they set it on fire. No Confirmation Tunisian authorities have said the Dutch government told them it would be pre- pared to release the pair, but there has been no confirma- tion of this from The Hague. The hijacking, which began on Thursday when the gun- men commandeered the airliner in Dubai on a flight from London to Singapore, has been decried by the Arabs as an attempt to embarrass Pales- tine Liberation Organization leader Yasir Arafat. The hijackers apparently were members of a splinter Farm Issues Highlight Iowa DOT Testimony (Continued: Page Cnl. 5) (Continued: Page .1. Col. 2) DBS MOINES (UPI) Charged with the "herculean" task of developing a state transportation policy, the department of transportation commission Saturday heard testimony at a day-long-hear- ing from about 30 groups and individuals seeking to help formulate that policy. Robert Rigler of New Hampton, commission chair- man, said the staff would carefully consider all testimo- ny in making modifications on 'a proposed draft before writ- ing the final report, due to Gov. Ray and the 66th general assembly when the legislature convenes in January. Movement of Goods Much of the testimony centered around a transporta- tion system that would move agriculture products from farm-lo-markct in the quick- est, most efficient and eco- nomical method possible. Harold Anderson of (ho Iowa Farm Bureau said "agri- culture needs an integrated transportation system to sup- port a two-way movement of goods and services." Ander- son said he was concerned about the poor condition of bridges and secondary roads in Iowa, the outmoded rail- road system and the deteriora- tion of facilities necessary for barge traffic on the Missis- sippi river. He suggested the DOT es- tablish a division which would give high priority to dealing with secondary road and bridge problems. Richard Hileman, executive vice-president of the Iowa Mo- tor Truck Assn., called for a regulatory commission within the DOT for trucks which carry the "farm-to-markel" products. "Farmers are solely de- pendent on highways for the (Cinilinueri: Pago 3. Col. 3) Credit Easier To Get for By Judy Daubenmier The ability to borrow money be it for a commercial venture, home purchase, or short term installment needs can be the key to independ-: ence in a society where money lalks. Women today single, married, and divorced are anxious to sec that credit is given where credit is due. Yardsticks for deciding who Is wtrlhy credit (employ- ment record, Including In- came, and credit history) are nebnlins, leaving Ists of room for Judgment calls and cons- clous or unconscious discrimi- nation. Large numbers o[ women, traditionally holders of low- paying Jobs, hnve not had the income to support a large amount of credit. "Only in very recent years, say the lasl four to six years." said one hanker, "have there been job situations of any great number for women in our community that would provide them with a fairly in- dependent source of livelihood wherein they would need cred- it. "Girls were living at home or with other girls. Jobs wom- en worked at 10 years ago didn't pay like they do now. Women have a great deal more going for them in their1 ability to repay debt." There is some evidence thai' women are increasingly able to gel a cut of the action for themselves when it comes to ability to borrow money. A random survey by (lie Na- tional Assn. of Realtors on sin- gle women and home buying showed that single women in many purls of the country arc buying homes, condominiums, nnd investment property in increasing numbers According to a report from the U.S. Department nf Hous- ing and Urban Development single women last year bought more existing homes with Federal Housing Administration insurance than single men did. In 1970, 5.5 percent of exist- ing home mortgages went to single males, while 4.5 per- cent went to single females. Lasl year, the women bought 7.7 percent of the exist- ing home mortgages, and sin- gle males 7.3 percent. Although some bankers may try to deny it, credit has not always gone where it is due, as in the case of Lcta Sortor, 3840 Lennox avenue NE. "The first lime t tried lo got a loan for a house was in about 1957. I was turned down flat because I was a woman. "The bank told mo my in- come was adequate to support I he payments and they would have given the loan lo a married man with a family to support who had the same in- come. "Since I was a single wom- an, they told me they couldn't loan me the she said. "They told me this outright, just as though it was a per- fectly reasonable thing which anybody could understand. "I didn't think it was very reasonable, of course." Miss Sortor sought a loan from another local bank and it was granted without any problem. Three years ago, she wanted to buy another home and a loan was arranged at a third bank, at a lower than usual rate of interest, without any problem. "The second time around I had more assets behind she surmised as the reason (on receiving the loan so easily. "I Imagine the lenders have changed their tunes In the last 15 years. If they did torn yon down because you're a single woman now, they never would tell you said Miss Sor- tor. "They would have some other reason because the woman's movement is so strong now." Miss Sortor said the only credit problem she ever on- countered was her attempt lo get that first homo loan. Car loans and charge ac- counts were not difficult In ob- tain. Being able to borrow money for larger items such as homes and commercial ven- tures often depends 1111 liuw credit was handled for tho smaller purchases. Richard Thocnnos, credit manager at Klllian's depart- ment store, reports thai store "has always had a lot of wom- en applying for accounts, in (heir own name nr their husband's name. "Wo haven't soon any nificanl increase or change. We've boon issuing credit cards in wives' names for years Each application is consi- dered on Ihc basis of the per- son's ability to repay and the history of how a person has paid his or her bills. Thocnnes said ho looks for at least six months on the same job to show the person has some Single men and women might be considered more mo- bile than married people, he said, since they have no fami- ly lies in hold them in ono but a person's mobility also depends on tho type of job they have. Married mid divorced wom- en present different situations. "We are ono of tho few slnrcs in that have of- fered credit in a woman's name as company sai'l Thocnnos. "DJMirce (ases prosonl us ''out -in Pago ISA Cnl 1) group bitterly opposed to Ar- afat's readiness to accept a political solution to the Middle East conflict. The PLO has accused Iraq of being behind the attack. A PLO spokesman in Cairo said his organization opposes giving in to the hijackers' demands. Egypt at first ref- used to negotiate with the hijackers, but the Egyptian foreign ministry issued a statement Saturday saying President Sadat agreed to the release after appeals from the leaders of Tunisia, Algeria and Lebanon and the Western European countries the hos- tages came from. "On Condition" "It was agreed that the five who went to Tunis will be (Continued: Pago 3, Col. 7) U.S. Agent Enters Coal Bargaining WASHINGTON (AP) The government's chief labor troubleshooter moved Satur- day into contract talks be- tween the coal industry and striking United Mine Workers, citing the "mounting toll" being inflicted by the nation- wide coal strike. W. ,1. Usery, director of the Federal Mediation and Concil- iation Service requested bargaining committees of the union and coal industry to meet with him at 9 am. CST today. "The mounting toll this dispute is inflicting on the na- tion now makes it imperative that a resolution be reached Usery said. He made the request in a telegram to Arnold Miller, president of the UMW, and Nick Camicia, chairman of the Bituminous Coal Operators Assn. Earlier, Usery had avoided direct participation in the contract negotiations, saying it would be in the best interest of the nation and the coal industry if the 12-day-old strike could be settled without direct government interven- tion. In his telegram to Miller and Camicia, Usery said: "This work stoppage has brought an adverse impact upon the entire nation, and the condition grows more serious with each passing day." Today's Index SECTION A Lflte News.............................. Deaths................................... Clly Hall Notes....................... Report Card.......................... Editorials................... Accent On Youth............. SECTION 0 Iowa Ncwi............................. Frank Wye's Political Note-, Marlon.................................... Television Table.................... Food........................................ Financial................................. New York Stocks.................... Riilldlno................. Movies............................. Record Revlrwi. Form...................... SECTION C Social.................. Around Ihc Town....... ROOKS............. Travel SLCTION D Snorts....... Outdoor lown..... Wfint Ads CrosswnrrJ ........3 ..........5 .........9 10 II I? ........I) U-17 .18-19 19 7021 ........2 .....2