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   Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - November 23, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa                                Summit seen as wedge in Sino-Soviet gap Editorial Page Saturday, November 23, 1974 Odors still offending To counter the pleasant bo- nuses of a lengthy Indian sum- mer, nature and man's devices once again have conspired to give Cedar Rapidians an odoriferous atmospheric inversion. To put it less euphemistically, repeated changes of temperature from warm to cool have caused odors to hang near the ground instead of rising high into the atomosphere. The result is a sickening stench. It settles like an invi- sible rancid toad downtown and spreads occasionally into the suburbs. Memory is a deceiver, as al- ways, but sometimes odors in the downtown area seem as bad as the offensive blend of industrial and waste-disposal smells inflict- ed before the city and Linn county attacked air pollution through law and persuasion in the mid and late-1960s. Were we all dreaming, or did the city pioneer the state's first municipal air pollution control ordinance? Was it a facade, or did the city join with industry in spending more than million in air-cleaning devices between 1966 and 1970? Of course, the record is indel- ibly praiseworthy. Ask city offi- cials and they will show you the sewage treatment plant's famed "aroma-domes" Styrofoam covers which trap waste treat- ment odors until they are treated with sweet-smelling ozone. Approach most industrial plant managers and they will show you sophisticated roof- and stack- mounted smoke combusters, electrostatic precipitators and Cyclone air cleaners. Look about during a crosstown drive and you will sec air quality monitoring devices used by the county public health department. But no matter how effective the control of particulate matter may be, odor pollution here remains offensive enough to join traffic-hindering trains as a drawback which most surprises out-of-towners. Who are the offenders? Resi- dents with knowing nostrils claim to trace the acrid, pungent odor to one source, the rancid, barn- yard-type smell to another and the rotten-egg, sewer gas stench to still another. This is not to hang a rap on anyone. The point is that citizens consider better air pollution control a lop city improvement goal. Sentiments crystallized last year when a city questionnaire showed of dents giving first or second prior- ity to clean-air efforts. This fall, the city's four quadrant liaison committees for community development have rated air quality control among the city's most compelling needs. Better enforcement of the air pollution control law thus could become subject to federal community development (CD) funding (approximately million for each of the next three Importantly, one of CD's purposes is elimination of condi- tions detrimental to health, safe- ty and public welfare. Cleaning up the air belongs in that cate- gory. To their credit, public offi- cials and spokesmen for industry have never claimed that air- cleaning innovations of the past decade qualify the city for a permanent blue ribbon. The goal has been to improve the at- mosphere as funds and improved technology allow. As pressures building in all city quadrants suggest, the pub- lic thinks plenty more should be done. That conclusion requires equipment no more sophisticated than one's own nose. Useless For several weeks now some economists and several Demo- cratic leaders have seemed bent on getting a concession out of President Ford that our economy has reached the recession stage. Even Senate Republican Leader Hugh Scott joined the chorus recently and he's not alone among Republicans singing that song. Comes now the President's press secretary, Ron Nessen, with a statement to the effect that November economic statis- tics indicate the nation is moving into a recession. This is the nearest the administration has come to conceding a recession is at hand. Which raises the question: Is this concession really necessary? Since when do the people, who have the best feel of the economic, pulse, need a concession from the President or any other higher up to know whether or not they are involved in a recession? Candidly, it has never been possible to put much stock in concessions, which have little or nothing to do with the fact. The recent election provided a prime example of that. Former Governor Rhodes went to bed election night after conceding defeat in his bid to recapture the governorship of Ohio. But did that end the matter? No way. When Governor Rhodes woke up the next morning he was still very much in the race and, as of this moment, he appears to be the winner. So what did his concession amount to? Empty rit- ual. The people do not need a presidential concession to inform them whether a recession has struck. With prices the way they are and soaring, they have more important matters than conces- sions to concern them deeply. By William Safire WASHINGTON In trying to grasp the strategy of global diplomacy, oni! of the best questions to ask is "why Why was President Ford hurried into the Vladivostok summit with Leonid Brezhnev, about six months ahead of schedule? Not because the two leaders want to size each other up, not because SALT negotiations require a summit meeting; not because of the danger of war in the Mideast, which may dominate the dis- cussions. The underlying reason we pressed for this summit at this time is that the opening that permitted our creative diplomacy over the last five years is showing signs of closing. Secretary Kissinger is duty-bound to deny that reason, just as he must deny that the dramatic split in the commu- nist world between the Soviets and Chinese was deliberately and skillfully exploited by the United States. As a result of our the Soviet Union changed its methods, if not its goals, in pursuing detente: the Chinese countered by beginning "normaliza- tion" with us; and leverage was applied to bring an end to the need for our in- volvement in Vietnam. But the Soviets and Chinese could not permit our exploitation of their deep- seated disagreements to go on forever; recently, there have been signs that one area of their relations has been improv- ing far from a reconciliation, but enough to make our manipulation more difficult. Soviet policy, which had tripled troop strength on the Chinese bonier in the last three years, is showing signs of flexibility. Some river islands are being offered up; and border patrols are few- er, to reduce incidents. For their part, the Chinese appear to have called off the threatened "show trial" of a Russian helicopter crew shot down over Chinese territory, and have stopped demanding a pro-negotiations admission that all czarist-Manchu treaties were imperi- alistic. Trade, which had dropped to million a year, is now up to the rate of million; both the Chinese and Sovi- ets had representatives at a recent private meeting at the Rome Food Conference, and nonaggression pacts are being proposed publicly. These small sleps toward compromise are accompanied still by mutual de- nunciations of ideological revisionism, and these tirades are likely to continue. Why? A good guess is that both nations see the need to improve their state-to- William Safire state relations while continuing their International Communist party battle. That guess makes sense because the central concern in China now Is the succession to Mao and Chou. Through the mists, one can discern the emer- gence of another team of Mr. Inside and Mr. Outside. Mr. Inside, Ten Hsiao-ping, was a high party official ousted during the cultural revolution and has now made a comeback to deputy premier; Mr. Out- side, Chiao Kuam-hua, was the U.N. del- egate and has just become foreign min- ister. When Mao and Chou are gone, these two could lead a collegium in the mourning period. During that year-long mourning, any change in policy would be seen as dis- respect to Mao's memory; accordingly, the aging Chou is calling for moderation in state-to-state relations with the Sovi- ets at this time, which will make it eas- ier for the successors to keep the sampan from rocking. People's forum Saving dolphins To the Editor: An original group of seven pupils be- came interested in researching the study of dolphins after having come upon an article in National Wildlife magazine. Their interest grew; letters were sent to such places as government agencies in Washington, our congress- man, and Sea Worlds in Florida and California for information. The committee of seven soon began giving presentations on dolphins, ac- companied by meaningful posters, to various classes within the school. More young people became interested, and presently the committee lias increased to approximately 50 children. The pre- requisite in joining the S.O.D. (Save Our Dolphins committee) is that every- one must be well road and versed on the subject, so that he may be called on at any time to speak on the subject with facts and valid information. Colorful posters are being sent to various cities in the U. S. to encourage interest in saving our dolphins. Posters will lie displayed also in Cedar Rapids and Marion at various locations. The purpose, as created by the committee, is to inform the public on the problem of the possible extinction of dolphins and to encourage interest. The accompanying letter was written by the original committee of six boys and one girl. The entire committee consists of 50 students from Main ele- mentary school (Linn-Mar Marion. Sandy Nassif Daoud, teacher Main elementary school Linn-Mar Community district Marion To the Editor: The extinction of the dolphin is near. Many dolphins are being killed be- cause of the method used in catching fish; a purse net is used. Dolphins swim under schools of tuna and when the fish- ermen catch the tuna, the dolphins are caught, too. They panic and drown. Between and dolphins die each year because of this tuna catching method. Since tuna fishermen started using purse nets in 1907, approximately 20 million dolphins have died. Dolphins have helped with under- water exploration and sea technology. We know of the dolphin's ability through sonar to "see" underwater, whereas man's vision is limited. So, scientifical- Dollar-shrink oversfressed? wants return to '39? By Don Oakley A familiar and effective way of bringing home the nation's economic situation is to compare the value of the dollar with what it was in some other, presumably more-prosperous, year. According to one recent analysis, for example, in the lifetime of half of all Americans those born since 1946 the value of the dollar has shrunk by BO cents. At this rate, the "1946 dollar" will be worth only 16 cents in another 28 years. To put it another way, to have the same purchasing power as today's "40- eent a person making to- day would have to earn in the year 2002. A pair of shoes will cost The average family's weekly food budget will rise from to and so on. It could happen sooner than 28 years if the present rate of inflation were to continue unchecked. The dollar would look even more minuscule, however, if ..we were to compare it with its 1939 counterpart, as we used to do back when inflation was a minor, and some thought a necessary and welcome, factor in the economy. But how many people would like to return to 1939? For all the ravages of inflation, most Americans arc far better off than they were in 1939, or 1946 for that matter, the "40-cent dollar" not- withstanding. This is not to minimize inflation, which has grown to such dimensions that, as Presdent Ford has warned, it threatens the future of all of us. It is merely to point out the fallacy of using the shrinking dollar as the only yard- stick to measure where we have been and where we seem to be going. For the price of three or four modern key-start, self-propelled lawnmowers, you could have bought an automobile in 1939. But many people didn't have a yard to cut back then, if they had a pushmowcr, much less a house on that yard filled with all kinds of appliances. Much of what we consider necessities today were undreamed of luxuries not many years ago. Again, this is not to minimize the threat of inflation. But there is no going back to the 1939 dollar or the 1941! dollar or even to the 1973 dollar. What is important is that we take the steps needed to maintain and safeguard the nation's basic economic strength so that the 1975 dollar or the 1990 dollar or the 2002 dollar, whatever they may be "worth" in terms of some other year, continue to enable more and more Americans to afford the good things of life. Newspaper Enterprise Association 'Thank you for the honor, Judge house calls" but we don't make ly, dolphins serve man In learning about life under water. Some dolphins have helped fisher- men by driving fish into their nuts. They have saved the lives of people drowning. In Florida, a woman was swimming and was caught by a strong current and couldn't fight her way out. She gave up hope. Then something suddenly gave her a-great shove onto the beach. Looking back she saw 11 dolphin leaping and playing'in the wa- ter. A man on the beach told her that the dolphin had pushed her ashore. The dolphin may simply have been playing. No one can tell. But it did save the woman's life. This is only one of count- less experiences man has had with our friends, the dolphins. Dolphins once were an animal of freedom and peace. Now their existence is in danger. The dolphins are our friends; they have saved many people at different points of the world. Once in the summer at Opononi Beach resort in New Zealand, sunbath- crs laughed and swam in the shallow waters. A dolphin appeared among them and started to frolic alongside them. The dolphin was so friendly that people were able to play with her. Some even went for rides on her back. The dolphin was nicknamed Opo, and her fame spread. People came from miles around hoping to catch a glimpse of her. The government started to put through a law that would protect Opo, but one day in March, I93li, the dolphin was found dead. She had become stranded on some nearby rocks after a storm. The country has since mourned with an annual memorial day for Opo. Opo had brought joy and happiness to young and old alike. Won't you please lie concerned? Dolphins do so much for us. Now what can we do for them? Brian Rudish, Jeff lliff, Tom Larson, Daryl Bark, Scott Mayne, Tracy Med- lang, Ed Fillmore Students, Main elementary school, Linn-Mar district, Marion Taken in vain To the Editor: Concerning the cartoon in The Ga- zette Nov. 18 depicting some oil rich Arab sheiks and their bags of money it may be all right to print, but to slur the name, of the Lord above the cartoon is downright blasphemy. Allah happens to be the Arabic name for Lord the same Cod that Jews and Christians wor- ship. It. Y. Joseph 1000 Cadi Lane SW But the shift awuy from national confrontation menus that our exploitable gap will be narrowed; It will bo that much harder for us to play the Soviets against the Chinese In the future. In this light, It Is easier to under- stand the otherwise-Inexplicable rush to a summit In Vladivostok. Chinese fears a! U.S.-U.S.S.R. secret deals will be raised as Ford and Brezhnev announce "conceptual breakthroughs" on arms limitation. This summit then becomes the springboard for the Important meet- ing perhaps the final meeting between Secretary Kissinger and Pre- mier Chou in Peking on Monday. For the Chinese, a Kissinger visit now is useful to prepare for the succes- sion, and as a final Chou effort to put our feet to the fire about our recognition of Taiwan. For the Soviets, a summit now is useful in getting the new U.S. President to commit more aid in helping Russians cope with the failures of their own technocracy. For the U.S., Ford's trip now is an effort to stick a wedge between door and doorjam. The Sino-Soviet split was our once-in-a-generation opportunity and we made the most of it. We are hurrying now to leverage as much as we can be- fore the opening really begins to close. New York Times Service wait to figure out some way to stuff their mittens in our pockets. We already have to pay a school tax and buy a li- cense plate for our home, and it's about as mobile as Blair House. Next these wise guys will come up with legislation to make us buy a license to carry a li- cense, and how about flavored shoe- strings for cab drivers? The way we figure it is that someone must have an interest in the chain facto- ry and the cement works. Also, look at the new jobs this will create for inspec- tors to inspect these thousands of mo- bile homes to see that they are tied down. How about making all those choaplcs out in suburbia tie THEIR homes down? Lawrence E. Burns 2925 Johnson avenue NW Service training To the Editor: Have we ever taken time to thank our physicians-surgeons for curing or per- forming an operation that saved our lives, or a relative's, or a friend's? How about the hospital, and their staff? Oh, yes, we must not forget the physician's staff, the nurses, aides and orderlies. Let's now look at a few other occupa- tions. The auto mechanics and body and fender men work on, for example, brakes, steering and other vital areas of transportation. Did you ever think our life and safety would depend on them or a service station owner-attendant who works weekends, and in extremely hot' and cold weather? These people are a few more: our law- enforcement officers, fire service, safe- ty, sanitary and many other environ- mental protectors. Others would be our educators, custodians, secretaries, be- hind-the-scene people, who cause a school to function. How about people who work in all of the marketing profes- sions (sales, etc.) who help us to purchase wisely and who also work many strange hours like weekends and evenings? Let's respect their "dignity at work" in both quality and quantity of employ- ment-profession. Just a few occupations have been mentioned, and I apologize for the many thousands of people serv- ing us who have been omitted. Bill Eddings 3016 Second avenue SE Take a cut Tie-downs? Nothing great ever achieved without Ralph Cmcrson To the Editor: I've been listening all day long to my radio in my little old taxicah as 1 roll along. Every 15 minutes or so the radio fellow starts Idling about this deal to force us mobile home owners to tie our homes down. Wow, what a joke. That would be a pretty costly thing for something so stupid. When one of those tornadoes comes ripping along, it just sucks the old homestead right off the old floor. That leaves tin; floor and the tie-down chains. Hot dog! When 1 a naval serving in ('.tiiiin and Kaipan in World war II. we tied down our (Jiionsets by throwing gi.int nds over them and hooking them up to boat anchors. Then when (he hurricane came .screaming along, most of iiiir Quonsds were saved. Now that ilie cli'dion is over, these Icad-headi.'d political pirates just can'I To the Editor: I wish to express my absolute disgust and outrage at the proposed salary- increase for members of the congress and cabinet. The proposed increase it- self is far in excess of my salary and reflects a 30 percent hike over the present salary of congress and cabinet members. I do not find it easy to live on my salary but I manage, without ac- cumulating debts, and I am sure that the recipients of the proposed increase can struggle through on a mere annually. It appears that fighting inflation is the sole responsibility of people in my salary scale, and such a concern is below that of God-like politicians. Wat- ergate severely damaged the respect of our political leaders and to resort to political subterfuge and keep secret a salary hike could, and probably will, de- stroy the Image of our elected leader's. For the good of the nation and pres- ervation of public tranquilily, stop this disgusting episode now and show (he American people that the national fight against inflation is your concern also. Slop the hike and propose a slight decrease. John Chorlton 3848 Vine nvoniir ,SK   

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