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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - November 21, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa tonight will, In the lower IIO.s. cloudy Friday w 11 ii highs In lower 60s. VOLUME 92 CITY FINAL 15 CENTS CEDAK KAPIIJS, IOWA, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 21, 1074 PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES WASHINGTON (UPI) The senate overrode President Ford's veto of a vocational re- habilitation bill, 80-1, Sen. Wil- liam Scolt (R-Va.) voting to uphold. WASHINGTON (AP) The senate joined the house Thurs- day in overriding President Ford's veto of a bill to give greater public access to gover- ment documents under the Freedom of Information Act. The senate vole was 65 to 27, three more than the two-thirds required. It enacted the mea- sure into law. The senate also was to vote later on another veto. By a 398-7 vote, the house re- jected Ford's veto of an million, three-year vocationa. rehabilitation bill. It alsop votec 371-31 to override his veto ol amendments to close in the Freedom of Information act. House Minority Leader Rhodes (R-Ariz.) said Wednesday night he was not consulted by the White House before Ford vetoed the measures. "Bad Judgment" "I felt he had bad judgment on these two vetoes if he expec- led them to be Rhodes said, adding that there should be improved communi- cation between the White House and the congressional leader- ship. 'We're going to have to be careful about the vetoes made if we're going to sustain many Rocky Lists Reasons He Wants Job WASHINGTON (AP) His vice-presidential confirmation assured in the senate barring any major new disclosures, Nel- son Rockefeller told a house panel Thursday that he is eager lo help lead America on "a new forward march." A survey by the Associated Press found only five senators inclined lo vote against Rocke feller's confirmation, 79 for it and 1C uncommitted. The five senators who said they will or are strongly in- clined to vc4e against RocKe letter's nomination include Sen- ator Goldwaler who las said he told Ford that Rock- efeller's nomination would an- tagonize G.O.P. conservatives Other opponents include Sena- ;ors Helms (R-N.C.) and Scott also conservative, and Abourezk who said Rockefeller's cartel- .shows "an insensitivity of the needs of Ihe average person." The fifth sena tor said he does not want to be named vet. Lists Problems The former New York gover nor launched confirmation hear- ings .before the house judiciary committee a statement that "the dangers of the times" will force America to find new directions. "Nobody doubts that our country is confronted today with problems that shake its Rockefeller said. He said those problems in- ,'lude recession, unemployment, of said Rhodes. House Majority Leader O'- Neill (D-Mass.) said the veloes indicate that Ford "had the wrong advice from the Nixon- itcs around him. They are Ihe same ones who told him ho should be traveling around the world when we have raging in- flation at home." O'Neill the day he commuted (pardoned) Nixon, he hasn't done anything right." Third Sustained The seven who sided with Ford on the vocational rehabili- tation bill were lame ducks who were either retiring at the close of this session or were bealen in elections this month. A third Ford veto was sus- tained Wednesday by the house on a vote. During his three and a-half months in of- fice he has vetoed 13 bills. Only his veto of the railroad pension bill had previously been overrid- den by both houses. The veto sustained Wednesday involves a private relief bill for two newsmen shot by U.S. ma- rines during the Dominican Re- public military foray in 1965. In vetoing the rehabilitation Col. 3.) energy shortages and world ood shortages. "But there is no doubt in my he said, "that the mag- nitude and complexity of these problems arc going to force us to the kind of reappraisal, re- evaluation and fundamental change which can make this a tinning point in the history of our country and permit a new forward march in our affairs." Rockefeller said leaders must provide the right concepts to bring solutions and he said that is a major reason he wants to be vice-president. "Delights" in Solutions "Nothing delights me so mud as facing up to a complex public issue with all its confusion, tur- moil and intensity and trying to pull through the human re sources to deal with he said. The former governor set out these concepts, among others, for meeting some of the prob- lems: Unemployment Through farsighted planning, plants suf- fering production cutbacks and unemployment can be regcared jT" Tclcpholo cnergy-baver San Francisco Mayor Joseph Alioto lakes a municipal bus to and from his work at the city hall every Wednesday to stimulate interest in use of energy-saving transportation. Wednesday night he used the bus go to the opera. In formal attire, he chats with .Yolanda McKellar. Next to him is Cassandra Mett- ling. U.S. Sues To Break Up WASHINGTON (AP) The usticc department has gone to Bell System case and another court to strip the Bell System of ts 00-year-old grip on the na- tion's telephone industry in a move to spur competition and drive phone rates down. The lawsuit filed Wednesday against the American Telephone and Telegraph Co. signaled the beginning of a years-long gov- ernment battle lo carve up the world's largest privatcly-owncc corporation into competing en- terprises. Trading in slock was iuspendcd late Wednesday on the New York Stock Exchange and the company's shares were delayed in opening Thursday be- cause of an influx of orders. When it opened, il was Iwo and five-eighths lower, at 43. Nearly three million Ameri- cans own stock, more than double the number for any other company. claimed that, contrary lo the department goal, a gov- crnm-Mit victory would push phone rales up. Government victory in the lo produce materials supply. Energy shortages Through conservation and development of such fuel sources as shale and coal, "the U.S. is perfectly capable not only of meeting all ts own energy needs within ten (Continued: Page 2, Col. (i.) Biggest Ever The company is the biggcs one the government has cvei ried to break up. The suit k only the second in recent history in which the government ha.s at- cmptcd a major restructuring of an industry dominated by one company or a handful of compa- nies. pending suit against Interna- tional Business Machines would have immeasurable impact on the American corporate slruc- jre. The effect on consumers will be more difficult to judge. "1 don't believe we can ise this is going to lower said Keith Clcarwalers, deputy assistanl attorney general in the department's anti-trust division. prom- But Ihe downward result "may pressure on be a those rates" if the department suc- ceeds in the effort to introduce competition into the telecom triplications industry, he said "Much More" Board Chairman John 'ieButls said (he government ac ion could fragment the nation1! elephone network and, "if tha i a p p e n s telephone service vould deteriorate and cos nuch, much more." Clearwatcrs told reporters it will be at least three years before the case comes lo trial in LI. S. district court here because of complicated arguments about the data is required to produce. The IBM suit, filed nearly six years ago, is only now ap- proaching a trial, which the judge estimates will take an- other two years. the long-lines department, th network linking all telephone inlo a nationwide system. The suit accuses Wcs crn Electric and Bell Labs conspiring illegally lo monopi local and long-dislancc loll phone service, specialized tele communications services, an production of telccommunica lions equipment ranging fron Hie ordinary telephone 1o sophis line ordinary leiepnonc 10 sopm Ihe case turns on thejtjcaled switching mechanisms Jinpany s relationship with to give up some parts ofi (Continued: Page 2, Col. 4.) Ford Tours, Sees Protest KYOTO, Japan (UPI) Pros- a hotbed of Japanese Commu- idcnt Ford saw the first protest nism after planting demonstrations of his trip to Japan Thursday bill, undaunted, loured this ancient former im- perial capital and ale a Japan- Hirohilo. csc-style dinner flanked by) His visit chalk-faced geisha girls. The President foot dogwood tree in Ihe court- yard of his Tokyo guest house and bidding farewell lo Emperor unofficial because the staunchly of applauded when Ford checked inlo his suite. But Ford heard shouts of "Ku- do Kacre" (Ford go home) from groups of hecklers as he drove with Secretary of Slate Kis- .singer in a While House limou- Girl, 12, Saves 5, Dies in Fire HONG KONG (AP) A girl, 12, rescued five smaller chil- dren from their burning home Thursday, then died in the fire as she tried lo save sonic of the family's belongings. Firemen found the body of Ho uvd-lan pressed against the ron bars that pre- vented her escape through a window after the fast-moving Higher pi-ices for clothing, food 'ire trapped her in a rear bed- and automobiles pushed con- Lsumer prices percent higher company's relationship with Western Electric Co.. Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary which manufactures telecommunica- tions equipment and sells vir- tually all of il lo Ihe Bell Sys- tem, and with Bell Telephone Laboratories, Inc., a subsidiary jointly owned and Western Electric. Court Order What Ihe justice department wants is a courl order forcing lo get rid of Western Eleclric and perhaps splitting Western Electric into two or more competing firms. Clcarwalers said Ihe depart- ment may also sock divestiture if Bell Labs, the system's re- search and development arm and the nation's largest indus-i rial laboratory. j The government also wauls! Billion Western Electric supplies substantial majority" of the equipment used throughout the Bell System and "typically does not sell equipment lo indepen dent telephone companies 01 other users of telecommunica- tions equipment" except gov- ernment agencies, the suit said. The Bell System accountec for billion of Western Elec- tric's total 1973 sales of bil- lion, the suit continued. The suit accused the Bell Sys- tem of forcing consumers to use only the equipment provided by Bell. Customers bought (heir own telephones elsewhere were discouraged from plugging !hcm inlo the Bell network, il The suit said "Ma as New Snag; See 4-Week Coal Strike WASHINGTON (AP) A bi by the United Mine Workers t rework parts of the tentativ contract agreement has run int industry opposition, thrcatcnin new deadlock in the nation wide coal strike. T h c latest snag, whic emerged Wednesday evening seemed certain to push th strike into a fourth week. Tin rovernment has estimated rour-wcek strike would cause a east layoffs in coa industries. TheiUMW bargaining counci that union of icers return the proposed con ract to the bargaining table lo 'some minor adjustments" be ore it is submitted to th strikers for ratification. But the chief industry negotia tor, Guy Farmer, indicated th companies were unwilling to re open negotiations, saying it had been agreed that the tentativ settlement was lo be submitte to the rank and file withou modification. "Nearer Crisis" "We still expect that this wil be done without further delay sc the union membership may have the opportunity lo vote on Ihe agreement that was mutual ly agreed to after days an, weeks of extensive cxploralio, and Farmer sai after learning of the union dec! sion. He said each day's delay "i bringing our country nearer crisis of serious proportions." The now In its 101 Jay, has already idled mor than in the steel an railroad industries. Steel dustry officials warned Wedne day of more layoffs while i Ohio authorities asked ulililie to prepare for possible powe cutbacks. Usery In Touch Meanwhile, President .Ford chief labor troubleshootcr, W. Uscry, was understood to be h [ouch with both sides in an cf fort to break the new stalemate. UM.W President Arnold Mille: ind his two ranking officers Vice-president Mike Trbovicl md Secretary-Treasurer Harry traveled into the West Virginia coalfields lo clear up vhat the union chief described as distorted impressions the niners have of the contract. Rank-and-file opposition to it las increased since it was ini- ialed last week by Miller, who it first predicted no trouble in vinning membership approval. But the bargaining council, vhich must clear the proposal efore it is submitted for ratifi- alion, objected to a number of revisions. Union sources sale icse included the formula for prcading wage increases and le splitting of (he two-week acation period October Prices Up 0.9% WASH 1 NO TON (AP) '00111. Neighbors said she emerged': 'rom the house live limes, each October, the labor depart- imc leading a frightened child, were cousins and vere the children of an older .Consumer tnenl reported Thursday. The one-month increase in the Ihe average cost per gallon was 53 cents for regular and 57 cents for premium, Ihe dep.irl- told newsmen! anti-American g o v c r n o r Kyoto, forma Ninagawa, re- fused lo meet Ihe President. The sightseeing offered' Ford's first close-up contact with the people of Japan. Thousands lined Ihe streets, wearing kimonos and 'Hs. welcome the first U. S. he thought his visit lo Japan! was "going wonderfully, if couldn't be better, subslantively and otherwise." on I'irliirp Page) A hectic two-day stale visit in Tokyo lay behind him. Ahead lay trips lo South Korea Friday and lo a summit meeting with, Soviet leader Leonid linvhiiev'm '''okyo. where 15.000 police in Vladivostok Saturday. But him almost totally isolated one day Ford was a 'tourist iir'i'om the people, grand style with no official responsibilities. Unofficial Visit .Miyako hole., Ford flew lo Kyoto a city ofidonlial parly centuries-old splendors and now j total where in 1828. fish are reported down one per- cent during October following two months of large increases. The declines for beef, especial- ly, were laiger than usual. I 1967 Goods About 200 protesters shouted i '.__' objections lo Ford's- visit at palace. Another 20 staged a demonstration when he toured Ninjo castle, once a stronghold of Japan's old military dictators Comics 'the home but all the adults considerably higher _. I at work. .'normal and showed that Amen-! rhi; m menl, the over-all increase I October Today's Index built in 1603 wilhj Crossword creaked at every! Daily Record President ever to visit Japan, 'step lo warn against intruders. Their cheers.slood in sharp con- lra.il lo the President's greeting Kvcn the bellboys at Kyoto's A police spokesman said a orities had been warned radical .students might attempt lo at lack Ford's hold. Police said ,'15 separate rallies had been .sche- duled, although some were in protest of such issues infla- tion rather than of Ford's visit. piosi-j No violence was reported in with anv rooms, grinned look .175 (if I he j conned ion with any of the dcm- Deaths I Editorial Features I Farm Financial Marion Movies............ Socioly Sports Stale Television Want Ads cans still arc paying the price of inflation in their purchases. The over-all increase in con- sumer prices in the 12 months ha.s been 12.2 percent, Ihe big- jgest 12-moiHh increase 12.Ii percent price rise in Car Prices The labor department or slood at 153.2. that goods that cost in 1967 now cos! on the average, Bui there were hcpcful signs labor department reported that workers had 0.3 percent less earnings to spend in October than they did in September. It said real spendable earnings for Ihe 12 months were down 4.9 percent. Overall Increase The price increases took sea- sonal adjustments into consider- alion. Without seasonal ad just-1 consumer prices still was 0.9 percent higher than September. And although the October price increase was down from both September and August, in- thc lmiox (hc creases in Ihe throe-month pcr- of nonfood jiod were at an annual rale of H 7 including such thingsjpercenl, Ihe highest three-month 27 Americans in October were easing jing higher prices for new aiid! ...20 31 as household goods, furnilurcjralc since lfi.2 percent in and appliaii'ji's might finally! firsl quarter of 1951. WASHINGTON (AP) Former President Nixon was warned by his closest aides more than 16 months before he resigned lhal he was vulnerable to impeachment for Watergate crimes, according to White House tapes made public for the first time Thursday at the Wa- lergate cover-up trial. On April 26, 1973, John Ehr- ichman told Nixon that the tes- timony of then-While House counsel John Dean could easily lead to an impeachment resolu- tion in the congress. Five days later, Elirlichman resigned as Nixon's chief do- mestic counsel and Dean was fired. H. R. Haldeman, who along with Elirlichman is a de- fendant in the cover-up trial, resigned at Ihe same lime as While House chief of staff. "Resolution in Senate" "I think it's entirely conceiv- able that if Dean is totally out of control and that if matters are not handled adroitly that you could get a resolution of im- peachment in the Ehr- liclunan told Nixon. "That's Nixon replied. In another new tape beard by Ihe jury Thursday, Nixon is heard to say about Dean on April 19, 1973, "I don't know what (he (expletive) is going o say He's just lashing out." Knew Guilt On yet another tape, Nixon in- dicated he knew he had incrimi- lated himself by discussing 'lush money payments with Dean. The April 25, 1973, lape made iiublic for Ihe firsl lime showed Vixon feared Dean had himself ape-recorded a meeting at which Nixon said million could be raised-for the original Watergate defendants. The tape is of a meeting bc- wcen Nixon and Haldeman. In hat conversation, Haldeman ;ave Nixon a report on a .March 1, 1973, meeting among Nixon, laldeman and Dean. After a recounting of the larch 21 meeting, Haldeman uggested that Dean, not Nixon, ad been pushing for approval f Ihe hush-money payments. Incriminating Nixon interrupted lo say, "I aid a million dollars. A million ollars (unintelligible) clcmcn- y. You couldn't do it 'lil afler ic 74 elections." Then Nixon declared cmpha- cally, "that's an incriminating thing. His (Dean's) word against the President's." Twice as the conversation continued, Nixon wondered out loud whether Dean had taped the crucial March 31 meeting. "I just wonder if the (exple- tive) had a recorder on Nixon said. "I didn't notice any but I wasn't looking." In the four conversations heard Thursday at the trial, Nixon, Elirlichman and Hal- deman discussed how to handle the problem of Dean having aegun cooperating with federal prosecutors investigating Water- gate. Tho four tapes arc the last najor bloc of evidence in the prosecution's case. The prosecution is scheduled to complete the presentation ol its case on Friday. Knew of Tapes During one of three conversa- tions on April 25, 1973, Elirlich- man disclosed some apparent knowledge of the existence of the White House taping system. increase in food prices in IP .KlirlichmanY, have said he was unauare tint con- lfi-211 labor department said i October reversed the normal used cars, mortgage interest (prices of nonfood items in-llrend of a largo seasonal dr-l costs, clothing, sugar, O.fi percent in during the month. versations abo'.it tin; cover-up and bakery products jdown from a i..... percent in-; 'Ihe labor department These were offset partially bycrca.se in September and Ihe thai about one fifth of Ihe in-' IK 7 declines, in prices for meal increase since De-'crease in nonfood commodities1 ....28 gasoline. Icembcr a year ago. It Ha.-, up was attributed lo Ihe mtrodiic-1 (iasolinc prices were down percent then, too. -lion of higher prices for 1975 au-i lor All Occa.siom percent during the month and In a companion report, the tomobilrs-in f'fnirlcfr Sign on Hie- window of ;i dress shop: "Wedding tlown.s
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