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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - November 19, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa The Cedar Rapids Gazelle: Tues., Nov. 19. 1974 Coal "Washing" Plant Will Be Built at ISU By Rod Rlggs Manooinu Edilor Ames Dollv Tribune AMES (IDPA) A coal "washing" plant, part of a S3 million state project aimed a( developing Iowa coal as an environmentally-acceptable product, will be built on the Iowa State university campus at Ames. Son. James Gallagher (D- Jeaiip) announced Monday that a contract has been signed with Eagle Iron Works of Des Moines for construction of the portable sulfer-removing plant which will be completed within eight months. The plant will take coal mined in Iowa "dirty" coal in the sense that it contains noncombustible materials of suiter refine it into a prod- uct which has a lower sulfur content and less of the materi- al gathered up with it in the mining process. Hay Fisher, senior engineer and plant manager for the Ames Laboratory of the Atom- ic Energy Commission, said the site for the plant, will be just east of Iowa State's electronic generating plant. Fisher said Iowa coal, often scoffed at since announcement of the fuel shortage because it contains too much sulfur to meet standards of the Envi- ronmental Protection Agency, is "very coal" on the ba- sis of its heat-producing ca- pacity. Healing Value He compared the heating value of Iowa coal about BTUs per pound with that of Kansas coal BTU per pound) and Wyoming coal BTU per pound) in use in the two electric gener- ating plants in operation here. But the Iowa coal also con- tains a high percentage of sulphur, which when burned produces sulfur dioxide. The sutler dioxide escapes through smokestacks and is clearly an air pollutant, according lo EPA standards. Fisher said he does not agree that sulfur dioxide is an unmixed blessing; in rural areas, a large part of it proba- bly falls on croplands and actually is a benefit to the farmer. EPA standards call for eoal with less than two percent sulfur; Iowa coal in samples collected by Iowa State scien- tists runs up to more than 13 percent. Other material in the coal which may make it objection- able from a marketing stand- point are (he noncombustible materials rock, clay and water. The ratio of these products lo the coal is largely a result of techniques, which often Involve stripping dirt and rock both above and below the coal seam. Separation The technique to be used in separating the coal from the "dirt" in the "washing" plant here will involve a fluid con- taining magnetite, finely- ground magnetic particles about the consistency of talcum powder. Because the magnetite Is very heavy, it can be made into a compound up to five times as heavy as water. After raw mined coal is ground into evenly-sized parti- cles, it can be dumped into tanks of the magnetite fluid. tAnd because the pure coal is 'lighter in weight than the impurities, it will "float" to the top of the magnetite and water mixture. Because sulfur is about two- and-one-half times as heavy as the carbon in coal, It too will sink while the coal will rise to the lop of the fluid used in the separator. The coal refining plant needs to be portable for use in Iowa because Iowa coal tends to be located in "lenses" of a few million tons which maybe mined out in three or four years. Thus the refining proc- ess needs to bo moved where the coal is being mined. Increase Cost Fisher said no portable re- fining plant has been designed or produced. The processing is expected' to add about 50 cents to the cost of each ton of coal mar- keted, but Fisher said this cost would more than be made up by the lower transportation cost of coal mined within the state. It costs about a ton to bring in coal from Kansas, more than a ton lor Wyom- ing coal. The importance of develop- ing an acceptable Iowa coal product is emphasized by Un- anticipated rise in coal con- sumption. Utilities have been ordered to reduce natural gas use by 25 percent per year, lo phase out all use in 1978. Coal use in the stajo is ex- pected to rise from the pre- sent seven million tons per year to 14 million tons; Iowa now produces only ten percent of the coal used in the state and "we already have been told there will be no coal brought in from east of the Fisher said. Plant Capacity "Utility companies are still not getting upset." His tone implied he believes they should be. The prototype coal-cleaning plant to be built here will he used lo demonstrate that lown coal can be made environ- mentally sound, Flshw said. Its capacity will be about tons per hour. The building will be 120 by (ill feet and 30 feet high. Upward of will bo spent on equipment. Fisher estimated the cost of the magnetite to charge the plant al Refining Iowa coal to a level where it will meet EPA stand- ards and compete successfully on a cost basis wtih "import- ed" coul within the year is the target of the project. Fisher said. The coal-cleaning project is but one of two parts to the program. The other involves conducting mining operations in such a way that some day the land from which the coal has been taken can be res- tored to farm production. Cascade Man's More Funds Needed for Rail Aid; Death Apparent r Hunting Accident Conference Required On Amount DUBUQUE (AP) Du- buque county authorities Tuesday said Douglas Bertling of Cascade, found dead Mon- day, apparently was the victim of a hunting accident. Deputy Sheriff Kenneth Newhouse said he received a call from a farmer who said a car had been parked in his farm driveway, about six miles west of here, for 24 hours. The deputy walked the farm field and found the body on a railroad crossing. Authorities said Hurtling apparently was attempting to climb over a fence, fell back- ward and his shotgun dis- charged. By William L. Ebcrline DES MOINES (AP) The slate railroad assistance program must have more money if it is to continue without interruption, members of the Iowa energy policy council agreed Monday. The members decided, however, that they need a conference with members of the state transportation council about eventual take- over of the program by the" new Department of Transportation before deciding how much to request. They set their next meeting for Dec. 11, when the transportation council which heads the DOT will be meeting, so the two groups can discuss an orderly transfer. The last legislature gave the EPC mil- lion to help the state's railroads upgrade and improve selected branch lines. Repayment Set Motions Filed in Davis Case Being Considered DES MOINES Polk county district court judge lias taken under advise- ment two motions filed by an attorney for Des Moines radio personality Jimmy Don Davis, who is accused of trying to hire an agent of the Iowa Bu- reau of Criminal Investigation to murder his wife. Davis' lawyer asked Judge Anthony Critelli to invalidate from the evidence all recorded conversations between Davis and law enforcement per- sonnel, charging that record- ings of the conversation are illegal under Iowa law. He also asked that the de- fense have access to certain grand jury testimony and a list of witnesses not publicly named in the Polk County attorney's information. Earlier Monday, Critelli de- nied a motion for a change of venue, which was filed by the prosecution. Asst. Polk County Ally. William Price had argued news coverage of Dav- is' arrest and the upcoming trial would make it impossible for the state to receive a fair trial in Polk County. However, Critelli did order that Davis' attorney and Price meet and draft a "reasonable order" that would prohibit radio station KIOA, where Davis is employed, from broadcasting further reference to the case. Davis, 28, was arrested July 24 after he allegedly offered to pay a BCI undercover agent to murder his wife. Davis is scheduled to go on trial Dec. 4. EPC Executive director John Millhone said the slate has negotiated agreements covering 222.3 miles of trackage, on which it has agreed 'to put up a total of the railroads and railroad shippers The railroads arc to pay back the money advanced by the stale and reimburse the shippers oul of additional freight revenue the improved lines are expected lo generate. The slate money then can be used lo help upgrade other branch lines. Rep. Brice Oakley (R-Clinton) said Ihc program is working well and should be con- tinued, but by the DOT and not the EPC. He said railroad reconstruction isn't really the province of EPC and "I believe it would be appropriate for us to get out of the rail- road business if the DOT is ready lo do it." Hard to Replace But Sen. .Tames Gallagher, (D-.Jesup) disagreed. He said the EPC has "built up some expertise that will be hard to replace" and the DOT still is in its own formative stage and probably isn't ready to carry on Ihc program. Millhone said regardless of who adminis- ters the program, the EPC will have lo re- quest the additional -appropriation. Agree- ments negotiated so far will take care of branch line upgrading for the 1975 construc- tion season, but there will be no money to carry on in 1976 without more money, lie said. Sen. Calvin Hultman (R-Ital Oak) ob- served that EPC will have lo continue the program whether it wants lo or not unless the legislature itself decides otherwise. "We have no authority" lo transfer it.to DOT, he said. Hultman said EPC has to re- lain it until the agency goes out of existence in 1977 without further legislation, the way Ihe law stands now. The Show Must Go On UPI Tclophoto Des Moines Council Eyes Amended Massage Parlor Law Last week brought cold and snow to the Midwest, but it didn't stop re- hearsals by members of the University of Iowa band, which performed over the weekend at the last home football game of the season. Hidden beneath protective parka and practicing his clarinet is Mike Stone, a U. of I. senior from Burlington. Jamboree and Variety Show Slated Thursday WHAT CHEER The What Cheer Jamboree and Variety show will be held at the Opera House Thursday at 8 p.m. Those performing on the show are from the What Cheer area. They are the Skunk Rivers featuring Charles Sig- afoose, Harold Davis, Ernie Davidson and Sandy Davidson. The Sundown III features James Moore, Alan Adams, George Mickens and Floy White. Other performers will be Gary Van, Paul McNabb and Lorcne and Oden Rogers. Mail ticket orders to Larry Nicholson, Box 413, What Cheer or phone 634-2109 after 6 p.m. Admission wil be Two Plead Guilty To Drunk Driving men pled guilty late last week in Tama county district court to drunk driving and were fined each. Antonio Neave, 23, Tama and Dean Milvoy, Nekola, 26, rural Toledo, both had (heir licences revoked for 120 days. ON THIS DATE in 1919, Ihe U.S. senate rejected the World war 1 Treaty of Versailles. DES MOINES The Des Moines city council Mon- day night abandoned a pro- posed massage parlor ordi- nance scheduled for final con- sideration and instead gave first-reading to an amended version. The new proposal, as the old one, would ban "outcall" massage operations and would set up strict licensing and inspection requirements for on-premiscs parlors. ON THIS DATE in 1973, prices on the New York slock market made their sharpest drop in more than eleven years as investors wworried about the energy crisis. The difference between the original ordinance and the one voted on Monday night are primarily technical in nature. The first proposal received near-unanimous approval by the council at the first two of three required readings sev- eral weeks ago. Petitions containing about 1.000 names were submitted lo the council Monday urging passage of an ordinance limit- ing Ihe massage parlors. City Ally. Phillip Rilcy said the new ordinance retains virtually all the elements of the old one but adds several measures. Additions include a defini- tion of a "massage requirement that applicants for massage parlor or mas- sage technicians permits be adults and "more reasonable" standards on the physical fa- cility requirements for par- lors. Soil Banquet WAUKON A nature writ- er. Wilbur Horine of Nevada, will speak at the Allamakee county soil conservation dis- trict's annual banquet here at the junior high school Dec. 4. M70 mom FOR ANY DRAINAGE FAILURE 365-2243 REGISTRATION AT KIRKWOOD WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 20 AM to PM to PM LINN HALL CLASSES BEGIN NOVEMBER 21 FULL-TIME CLASSES ARE AVAILABLE BUT IF YOUR SCHEDULE IS FULL WHY NOT TRY 2 YEARS OF COLLEGE IN 3 YEARS BY TAKING 2 CLASSES EACH QUARTER. For further information Office of Admissions 6301 Kirkwood Blvd. S.W. C.R. Iowa 52406 A daily selection that brings Tossed salad? Sure. We have tossed salad, but that's not the half of it. We also have gelatin salads, fruit salads, cabbage salads, up to sixteen different salads to choose from every day. And salads are just a few of the foods that bring you back to Bishops. Stop in soon. 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