Cedar Rapids Gazette, November 18, 1974, Page 9

Cedar Rapids Gazette

November 18, 1974

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Issue date: Monday, November 18, 1974

Pages available: 48

Previous edition: Sunday, November 17, 1974

Next edition: Tuesday, November 19, 1974

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Publication name: Cedar Rapids Gazette

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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - November 18, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa The Cedar Rapids Gazette: Won., Nov. 18, 1971 Iowa Sitting on Coal; Problem Is High Sulphur Content Gazette Photo by John Mclv Mother Nature short-changed one of her child- ren, it seems. This cottontail entered the world short one ear, according to Lester Johnson, Robbins, who has watched the bunny since its infancy. Johnson said the litter-mates all have the required number of ears. He caught this oddity in a trap he built and like other rabbits and squirrels he has caught, he probably will transport it some distance away to a timbered area and release it. Lose Lives Accidents ids. Police said they believe Robert Franks. 42. Cedar Rapids, was driving the car when it skidded into the fourth freight car of the train. Franks was listed in serious lo critical condition after Ihe crash. An East Dubuque, III., man. Lloyd Brady Jr., 211, was killed Saturday in a two-vehi- cle head-on collision that tied up traffic two hours on >lhe .lulien Dubuqiie bridge al Easl Dubuque, III. Authorities said the car driven by Brady col- lided with a semi-trailer truck as Brady tried to pass two aulos on the bridge spanning tile Mississippi river. Assassination Is Subject of Luther Event DECORAII "Who Killed a presentation offer- ing an explanation of the events surrounding Ihe as- sassination of ,Iohn F. Ken- nedy, will be given at Luther college Friday at 8 p.m. in the field house. Admission is SI per person. The presentation is 'spon- sored by Luther's lecture and fine arts commiltee. It lasts about an hour-and-a-half and is followed by a question- answer period. One of the group of inde- pendent researchers. Harvey Yiizijian, will be Ihe featured speaker at Luther. By The Associated Press Two luwans have lost Ihcir lives in weekend traffic ac- cidents and an Illinois irian was killed in a crash on a Mississippi river bridge. A one-car accident resulted in the death of .lanellc Walter, 14, rural Elkhorn. Authorities said the girl's car left Ihe road and careened inlo a dilch late Saturday night. Roberta Wisdom. 3li. Cedar Rapids, was killed Saturday when the car in which she rode collided with a Chicago Xortii Western freight train at a rail crossing in Cedar Hap- Board Informed Of Price Hikes WAl'KON Notices of price increases in gas and milk were announced lo Al- lamakee Community school district directors at (heir November meeting. People's Natural das will increase its price 7.54 cents per thousand cubic feet by February; Bob Mac's Dairy has scheduled a November increase of two lenlhs-of-a- cent per half pinl for milk. The superintendent was authorised to approve pro- cedures necessary for comple- tion of the shop building addi- tion al senior high and lo arrange lo rent St. Patrick's gym lo accommodate athletic department groups. St. Pa- trick's high school has been closed for three years. 53E FINE MEATS 806 34tft St. S.E. 365-8828 DOBSON'S FINE MEATS 1944 42nd St. N.E. 393-3007 LOCATED IN THE PDQ STORES MEAT DEPARTMENTS OPEN TILL 7PM Now taking orders for Fresh HOLIDAY POULTRY Boneless Pork LOIN ROAST 29 Bonoless Butterfly PDQ SPECIAL! OLD MILWAUKEE 19 By Val Curley MOINES (AC) There's plenty nf coal under Iowa, but lilllo of it will be used to meet the stale's fuel needs before 198ri, the stale mining Inspector predicts. Marv Boss says Iowa coal is good coal as far as Its energy output is concerned. "It's jusl as good as Illinois and Missouri coal and It's belter tlian western coal (now used extensively in the state) in terms of lie said. BTU, short for British Thermal Units, is (he measure of energy in any given fuel. Washed Iowa coal can measure up to BTU pel- pound, lloss said, while west- ern coal usually runs In 8.700. The problem with Iowa coal, of course, is Hut sulphur content. The sulphur thrown off when the coal is burned pollutes the air. Soot Checks Itoss says some Iowa coal spot checks up to nine percent sulphur, but some other state coal has only four-lo-four-and- one half percent sulphur content. The mining inspector says this coal can easily he reduced to less than three percent sulphur with treatment, low enough, he says, to satisfy the federal Environmental Protec- tion Agency. However, it isn't enough to satisfy the Iowa air pollution control commission. That commission will re- quire all existing coal-fired plants to use fuel with less Ihan two-and-one-half percent sulphur content by next July. Newly constructed plants will be limited to just over one- half percent sulphur in coal (hey use. "If slate schedules for air are adhered to, it won't be long before half the coal produced in the IJniled States will be Ross .said. He doesn't think the strict stale standards will stand. "I think there will be public Legislative Unit Proposes Sweeping Changes In IPERS By Harrison Weber DICS MOINES (1DPA) A legislative study committee is recommending sweeping changes in the Iowa public employes' retire- ment system. Perhaps most pertinent is a suggestion that the contribution system be changed to a two-for-one ratio with the employer paying for each of employe contribution. Approximately public employes are presently covered by IPERS. Each gov- ernmental employe at lite state, county and local level contributes 3.5 percent of his or her salary, up to into IPERS. The unit of government matches this 3.5 percent contribution. Under the committee's proposal which will be presented to the legislature when it meets in January, IPERS would be integrat- ed with social security. Governmental employes, right along, have been paying social security taxes and have received social security benefits in addition to those under IPERS. Bui under this plan, a person would re- ceive "combined benefits" equaling 811 per- cent of his or her salary lor Ihe highcl five of the last ten years of employment after 30 years' experience. The benefits include percent from social security, the remainder from IPERS. This means an individual's contribution to IPERS would rise about 1 percent to 4.5 percent, while the employer's share would jump from 3.5 to approximately percent. Part of the package calls for removing the ceiling so that contributions are made on the person's entire salary. Overall cost of this program is pegged at Slill million annually with employers paying must of it, which could result in substantial property tax increases statewide. In addition, the committee chaired by Sen. Warren Curtis is also recom- mending Ilia Hie employes already retired under IPERS receive a percent increase in benefits. It's estimated this would amount to million the first year and a decreasing amount thereafter; Ihe money, under the committee's proposal, would come from the state's general fund. pressure for stale standards to be Ross said. "Oth- erwise, there won't ben enough electricity to do who we want to do. Blackouts aren't very popular." ISU Project Meanwhile, Iowa Slate uni- versity is working on a million project to find a way to further reduce the sulphur content of Iowa coal. Relaxing the standards or finding a way to reduce the sulphur content will immedi- ately moan an increase in mining of Iowa coal, Ross said. That will lake time. He pre- dicts few mines will even reach the planning stage be- fore the energy crunch hits Iowa hard. Currently, coal mining is at a low ebb in Iowa. Much Iowa coal was pro- duced during World war I. The peak was in 11117 when nine million tons were mined in the stale. As lati.' as 1972, there were II producing coal mines in Iowa. But now there arc only seven two underground and five strip mines. And Ross estimated less than tons of coal were mined in the slate last year. Some large coal companies arc now getting interested in Iowa coal and are likely even- tually to begin large mining operations in the state, Ross said. There's a lot (if coal here, he said. And a lot of it could he mined economically Hlthongh no wrim in know just how much could be taken out of the ground at a profit. "The Geological Survey says H.5 billon Ross said. "It could be as high as 21 billion Ions. I've seen the figure of 1.8 billion Ions in seams more than 42 inches thick. It all depends on how we mine it." Economical Then lloss predicts that some day coal will be mined without sending men down after it. Then it will be economical to mine many of the small seams in Iowa. But Iowa will need thai coal before then. And ihore is where some of the problems lie. "Two big factors righl now are trained men and equip- he said. "The load time for opening up a strip mine is pretty close to six Ross said. The only way this could be re- duced is if a large company had equipment on order for another area and diverted it to Iowa. This would reduce the lead time to only two to years. One large company is now lesting in Iowa, Ross said. It has spent apd its geol- ogist is asking for another for further tests. If it decides to go ahead, it could open a mine within a few years because it does have equipment that will bo free in about two years, Ross said. Not Enough But thai is Ihe only large mine likely to open in the slate soon, he said. That mine wouldn't in- crease the state's coal produc- tion enough. "We're producing now about ten percent of what we Ross said. "If all intcrruplable gas customers are cut off natural L'as by 1078 (as Northern Nal- ural Gas Co. says they I figure we are going to need 14 million tons of coal (a more than twice .what we're using today." Ross predicts there will be few new mines in the planning stage before 1978. "Tremendous capilal is required to open a large he said. "The coal companies must have a firm contract to take the production before the mines are fi- nanced. When the large users of n it- ural gas in Iowa arc cut off, any coal not produced in the stale will have to be shipped in. Ross says it will take freighl train loads to ship the additional seven million tons of coal into the slate that will be needed. He says the coal cars will nol be available. "I recently talked lo a major producer of hopper he said. "They have sold everything they can pro- duce until 1980. Real Tough "It's going to be real lough by 1978 lo find coal. "Then the pressure will be on. And it will take another six or seven years until 1985 before we start producing as much of our own coal as we can." And he says some people will have to be trained to mine thai coal and min- ing engineers will have lo be found. In one recent year, only 125 mining engineers were gradu- ated in this country and one company wanted 80 of them, Ross said. One reason Iowa coal is being neglected is Ihere are olher areas of the country more attractive to the large mining companies. But the mining inspector said there will be a large market for coal in the state in a few years. And when that happens, it will be more prof- itable to produce it here than bring it in. "That will make Iowa a very attractive Ross said. New Crush-Proof mm mm Flavor Warning Ihe Surgeon General Has Determined That Cigarette Smoking Is Dangerous to Your Health nig. 17 niwunc av. pfif Cigareno, by 11C method. ;