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   Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - November 10, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa                                Voting raised more waves than it calmed Editorial Page Sunday, November 10, 1974 A for acfion, now The dictionary definition of the word in brief, is: "An authoritative command, an order. A prescript from a superior court or official to an inferior one." Inasmuch as all power is inherent in the people rather than those they elect, under our form of government, it follows that the people are superior to their public- officials. The Nixon administration made a futile effort to reverse that order in seeking to carry out its in- terpretation of "the mandate" voted by the people in 1972. "Mandate" usually means whatever anybody wants to read into it, especially when people show such discrimination in their choice of candidates as manifest- ed in last Tuesday's election in Iowa. With the exception of the Third district, they voted solidly for Democrats to represent them in congress. They also voted Democrats into control of the legislature. But they returned Governor Ray to office for an unprecedented fourth term, along with the entire bloc of Republican incumbents, lo man the executive branch for four years. This trend was followed to some degree in their selection of county officials too. In the state as a whole, incumbents generally were returned to courthouse offices, where Republicans are in the majority, but Democrats often were voted into control of county boards of supervisors that had been controlled by Republicans. What this all adds up to is a call for action on several fronts and a feeling on the people's part that (here's a greater prospect for honest progress when officialdom is divided between the parties than when it is in complete charge of either. Nationally, with Democrats in more firm control of congress than they have been even in the last few years, it means the people want action, NOW, to whip infla- tion and to solve economic problems connected with it. Seemingly they are opposed lo President Ford's 5 percent surtax proposal, yet remain content lo have a Republican President in the White House for veto purposes just in case the Democrats get carried away because of their numbers. Election of a surprising number of new members to congress carries a meaning too directed largely toward senior members: The people want action, now, on congressional reforms. They are not about to put up much longer with antiquated procedures, including the outmoded seniority system, that hobbles congress and prevents it from moving in on problems that cry out for solu- tions. Election of a Democratic-con- trolled legislature in Iowa in- dicates a call for action on some fronts where Republican-con- trolled legislatures have been slow, or even reluctant, to move. As in the case of reapportionment, where Republicans moved too slowly, the people want action, particularly in the area of tax reform, and they will expect it from the new legislature. But just to make sure the Democrats don't get out of line, the people stuck wilh a Republican executive branch lo keep an eye on things. Jl may be an odd .system of checks and balances the people have setlled on. But it may be an effective one too. If it proves out otherwise, the people will know in lime to do something about it in 197fi. Tasteless roast Several years ago, commcrciai TV carried a few of the famed Friars' club "roast" testimonials for beloved show business per- sonalities. Despite the insult-laced format, the programs are remembered for their genuine warmth. One can believe that Milton Berle, Henny Youngman, Bob Hope and dozens of other oldtimers indeed hold one another in high regard. No such affection marks the tawdry spinoff from those several successful shows, "Dean Martin's Celebrity delivered at a six-a-year pace by NBC. Jack Benny good-naturedly noted the phoniness several roasts back when who should appear on the dais to honor Benny but Olympic swimming champ Mark Spitz. Up until showtime at least, the 80- year-old comedian didn't know Spitz from Flipper the porpoise. But acquaintanceship ap- parently matters not in tho rnasls emceed by singer Martin (whose variety show expired because of poor The object seems to be cramming a record number of insults into an hour. To that end, "Celebrity Roasts" depends heavily upon the likes of Don Rickles, Howard Cosell and Foster Brooks (whose specialty is pre- tending he's What NBC producers seem to forget, however, is that insult used in surfeit can erode program ratings jusl as it lends lo diminish the human spirit. Weaker presidency poses big dangers By Rowland Evans and Robert Novak WASHINGTON With his economic and national security programs stymied by a hostile congress even before Tues- day's Democratic landslide, President Ford's ability lo lead is now critically worsened by Ihe huge influx of new lib- erals lo the house. The election produced a top-heavy Democratic house in which ambitious, younger liberals are already pressing new claims for power, centered on a dominant house Democralic caucus eclipsing standing commiltee chairmen. The chief claimant: liberal Rep. Philip Burton of California, a crafty 10-year veteran who will challenge moderate Rep. B. F. Slsk of California lo become chairman of the caucus, which he wants lo convert into the prime Democratic command post. With an exlra 46 new Democrats, mostly liberals. Burton may well suc- ceed. That would undercut the meager influence of House Speaker Carl Albert, a moderate, and slash away at the wan- ing power of Rep. Wilbur Mills of Ar- kansas, chairman of the house ways and means committee. Off pedestal This wholly differenl house (coupled wilh a senate long under liberal domina- tion) confronts a President whose im- pact on Ihe volers was shown Tuesday to be abysmally low and whose standing within his own party now has dropped radically. With conservative Republicans tag- ging Mr. Ford as their scapegoat, he is ill-prepared for the harsh new reality on Capitol Hill. So sweepbig was the liberal victory lhal late election night at AFL-CIO na- tional headquarters in downlown Wash- inglon, one labor strategist remarked privately that from George Meany on down, the moguls of organized labor (whose money and organizalion essential for the Democralic triumph) were uneasy. They fear the new 94th congress is "too far particularly on foreign policy. A few blocks away thai nighl at the Democralic national committee, top party strategists privately admitled the new Democratic majority has no program in being to compete with Mr. Ford's unacceptable economic propos- als. Democratic national chairman Robert Strauss and Speaker Albert agreed it was imperative lo propose specifics. Security threat Thus, the voters last week may have concocted a noxious brew of legislalive deadlock, without hope for compromise between a weak, nonelected President and a congress longer on thirst for combat lhan a carefully prepared program. Nowhere is this danger more evidcnl lhan lo (he Presirtenl's national security policy. This year, for the first time since World war II, a President has been una- ble to gel a foreign aid bill through even the present congress. Mr. Ford's mili- tary budget was deeply slashed. His fight to prevent cutting off aid to Turkey was stymied. But lop administration stralegisls be- lieve this string of foreign policy set- backs may be dwarfed by a runaway Democratic congress using Pentagon and foreign aid spending as a natural resource to finance anti-recession programs and tax cuts. Behind this prospect in Washington is a frightening world backdrop: grad- ual deterioralion of the Western alii- In surfeit, disorder? People's forum Improving scares Demos V-P picks By Roscoe Drummond WASHINGTON Congressional leaders are worried about the new congress. Senior Democrats in the house and senate uneasily expect: 1. An unruly and undisciplined Dem- ocratic congress. 2. The many freshman congressmen to demand an overhaul of Ihe seniority system. 3. Great difficulty In developing any- thing approaching a Democratic legisla- tive program on inflation and Ihe econ- omy. Reason: Neilhcr the Democrats nor the Republicans offered the volcrs any program. They ran on complaints. Why did so many Democrats win? Obviously, rising inflalion and rising unemployment and Watergate hurt the But Republicans hurt Ihemselves; many Expecting defeat, Ihe Republican party could not find attractive new candidates to run for office. A tolal of 53 Democrats were unopposed for liousc seals. Will il he a congress of big spenders? Many elected Democralic congress- men won their reputations as liberal spenders but won their seats by promis- ing nol lo be liberal spenders. Congressional Quarterly reports that "Democratic senate candidates insisted they were nol big and would vole lo "keep costs down." What will happen on Rockefeller? The Democratically controlled senate judiciary committee indicates it will not permit a vote unlil the new congress convenes on Jan. 3. This means lhal the Democralic leadership is keeping (he United States from having a vice-presidenl for at least 136 days. That seems reckless in the exlreme. If the vole is against Rockefeller, the senators will he applying lo a vice-pres- idenl who has no decision-making authority and rarely voles require- ments of financial disclosure Ihey refuse lo apply lo themselves. They have far greater potential conflicts of inlerest lhan the vice-president. Los Angeles Times Synrjicole To the Editor: Since (he accession of Jerry Ford lo the presidency, I have noticed many TV and newspaper references to him and to anyone he appoints lo Ihe vice-presi- dency as unelected officials. The idea thai a vice-president is elected because his name appears on a' ballot is sheer nonsense. His name is there because he was selected as a run- ning male by the presidential candidate, with Ihe chief qualification, being his appeal to a certain bloc of voters. A voter wishing lo vole for lhal presidenti- al candidate has no choice but lo accept the vice-presidential candidate. He cannol express a preference for some- one else. Thus, in effect, a successful presidential candidate has appointed Ihe vice-presidenl who will serve under him. Jusl how such a syslem benefits (he country is beyond my comprehension. It gave us Splro Agnew, although I doubt if he could have been elected if (he electorate had enjoyed a free choice. I Ihink il would be a decided im- provement in Ihe system, if an acting vice-president .would be nominated by the President-elect, a short time after EVANS NOVAK ance. The international oil cartel's dras- tic increase is not only hastening eco- nomic disintegration of the Westera de- mocracies but threalens Ihe alliance it- self. Having led the West for 30 years, the U. S. has been losing influence steadily, wilh Soviet-backed Communist parties making dangerous inroads all over Western Europe (most spectacularly in Portugal) and France breaking with Washington over the Middle Easl. The danger, then, of the new con- gress at loggerheads wilh the President Is clear: Growing doubt in Europe of U. S. reliability. Enticemenl to Moscow to test President Ford's power. Encour- agement in Israel, based on its new Democratic supporters in the 94th congress, to play an even harder line against Secretary of Stale Henry Kis- singer's efforts for a Mideast settle- ment. Indeed, the gulf between a President at low ebb in his own parly and a po- lenlially runaway liberal congress poses a challenge for Ihe next two years this country has not faced since 1931-1932, when Herbert Hoover served out his dismal last two years in conflict with a Democratic house of representatives. Tiien, as now, a Republican Presi- dent could not begin to master the do- mestic economy. The difference be- tween that gloomy period and the two years ahead is lhat the United Slates to- day is leader uf the Western world under constant pressure from a power- ful Soviet Union. Deadlock between the congress and President over foreign policy was not even an issue then. To- day, it is a potential threat worse even than inflation and recession. PubHshcrs-Hall Syndicate Good news softened some of the bad By William F. Buckley, jr. Concerning Ihe recent election, a few observations: 1. Although the trend in America continues left (Brown replaces Reagan in California, Carey replaces Wilson in New it isn't a pellmell leftism, of Ihe kind the McGovernites envisioned. Consider1, for instance, Ramsey Clark. He was, among those running for office, the most conspicuous leftist in America. As a matter of fact, he would he the most conspicuous leftist in a zoo, if he chose to live there, which by the way is not a bad idea sinco (a) most zoos are socialized, (b) there are no jails in zoos, and (c) Ihe animals would probably understand Clark's glossnlalia better than the voters. Mr. Clark's defeat has to be exa- mined carefully lest the magnitude of it escape Ihe attention of the psepholo- gists. Clark 'nas running on a poor-boy ticket, but he managed, just the same, to be all over the lot, on television, bill- boards, and advertisements: he even had Frank Sinatra singing for him not bad for someone who limits any one contribution to per person. He ran in a state where registration is very heavily Democratic, and against a Republican opponent whose vote was sharply reduced by the candidacy of a third party Conservative. The man who ran for governor was a traditionalist Democrat, and he defeated the Repub- lican incumbent by a landslide (60 percent of the In these circumstances, Clark ran less lhan 40 percent, below what McGovern got in New York two years ago. By contrast, an utterly unknown Conservative candidate, the striking and intelligent Barbara Keating, got 16 percent of the vole, with a mere to spend. And, elsewhere, Gary Hart won in Colorado, but he was not recog- nizable as the Hart who programmed George McGovern to come out for capi- the election, with the nomination to he- come automatically confirmed 91) days after the convening of the new congress, unless the congress should disapprove the nomination. As I see it, these are some of (he ben- efits that would result from such a system: 1. The President-elect could make his choice away from Ihe confusion and political pressures of a national conven- tion, and without the political necessity of "balancing the ticket." 2. The congress would have four to five months to make a searching in- vestigation of the nominee, and al the same time il could nol engage in politi- cal foot-dragging as is now the case with the Rockefeller nomination. 3. It would allow (he electorate to express their views through their congressmen, which is something de- nied them under the present syslem. II would be the nearest thing to a vote possible, without going back to direct election of the vice-president. The only disadvantage readily ap- parent to me Is the problem that would arise If the presidency should become vacant before (he confirmation or disap- proval of the nominalion. However Ihiit is a potential problem thai wo face under the present syslem, and Indeed, any time the vice-presidency is vacant. Hoswell S. Camp 1235 Thirly-ciKlilh slreel SE UNICEF's activity TIP Ihe Editor: Halloween came and went, and so did (he yearly anti-UNICEF and anti-U.N. letlers, or so I thought. But they keep coming and therefore 1 would like to clarify a few points. As to communism: about 12 U.N. members wilh communist governments can not possibly dominate and control actions and decisions of the 132-member U.N. body. Every one of our U.S. Presidents has, by special declaration endorsed UNK'KF and its work. Are they lo lie classified as (.imininnisl oonspira- lors? In UNK.'EF was chosen as Ihe recipient of Ihe Nobel prize for peace. Is Ihis aclion lo be condemned as com- munist-inspired? When UNK'KFs work began in 194R the war-devastated countries of Eastern Europe were most in need of help. Dr. Raychman Irnm Poland (one of Ihe 30 Kovmimrnls iVintf nii'mliers of the liNK'KI' cycciiii.p hoard) as Us chair- man Kail M PT.IIT nnr Ihe .'id- re: lo influence decisions. OrJv Ihe executive director of Ihe board had Ihis power, a pus! always filled by an American. I'MCEK does nol give money lo HOM'rmni'nls In use a I ihnr discretion. William F. Buckley, jr. tulation abroad, and a greening 'insol- vency at home. Come In think of it, from all reports George McGovern II, victor in South Da- kola, ran a fairly strong anti-McGovern I platform. So it is generally true that the hard left hasn't made much head- way in two years. Standstill 2. On the olher hand, the Republican party would appear lo have made no headway at all. Now il is generally supposed thai Ihe principal causes ol the Republican humiliation were Water- gale, the pardon, and inflation. It is inleresting, under the circumstances, to reflect on the findings of Mr. Richard Scammon, the talented political analyst Scammon dismayed the whole gang over at the National Broadcasting Com- pany by saying simply that he could have predicted 18 months ago, which is pretly much pre-Watergate, and certain- ly pre-pardon, that the Republicans would do aboul as they did on Ihis elec- tion day. He meant by this that the graph was pointing in that direction. In other words, (hat Ihere is public dissatisfaction with the Republican party unrelated lo Watergate. And why not? There is no reason to suppose thai if Richard Nixon had oc- cupied himself more on domestic mai- lers lhan on frustrating the justice departmenl's investigation of (he Wa- lergale, he'd have greatlyjncreased his hold on the conservalive voting com- munity in America. There has been a weightlessness in Republicanism since the death of nuherl A. Tafl, and nobody, wilh Ihe conspicuous exception of Barry Goldwater and Ronald Reagan, has done much aboul it. Crop growing Eighteen months ago we were coping with inflation by such voodoo as wage and price controls. Eighteen months ago Mr. Nixon was continuing lo spend and 10 spend, and lo pile deficit on deficit. He was promoting revenue sharing, which is the grealcst fiscal shell game since Lord Keynes' discovery lhal bor- rowing does not mailer because we owe 11 to ourselves. He was yielding lo Ihe supreme courl whenever Ihe court de- cided to rewrile the Constitution so e.g., to encourage abortion and dis- courage private schooling. 3. So the slide continues. Fewer Republicans, more Democrats. But also, more independents and more con- servatives. The bridge-building needed is from conslilulional theorists lo the Republican bourgeoisie, to the blue- collar class. The ingredienls are there. George Wallace is pivotal. What is missing is Ihe top man. What becomes clearer and clearer is lhal Gerald Ford isn'l lhal man. That means just what it says nothing mure. There may not be- such a man; in which case Ihe slide will simply continue. Obscenity Maybe we ought to call il TAXX if anything deserves to be a four-letter word, il does. UNICEF receive a request for help. The recipient government has lo match every UNICEF dollar (it usually does so 2Vi It has to agree lo ii well planned and closely supervised program of action, providing as much local help as possible, in manpower, equipment and funds. In many cases a short-range UNICEF pilot project has resulted in far-reaching reforms in the recipient country ment as lo education, health and industrialization which other- wise could nol have been realized in so short a time. UNICEF resources are very limited and based on voluntary contributions from governments and private people Through Ihe help of all Ihe IJ.N.'s other specialized agencies, each dollar spent is stretched many-fold. Today we know. Millions of children are not only hungry, they are starving lo dealh unless our help can come right now. UNICEF needs everyone's support more lhan ever lor all of the world's children. Could we nol, Instead of silting down lo a sumptuous meal on Thanksgiving, prepare a very simple one, while gratefully enjoying Ihe beauly of Ihe seasonal table decorations, and donale Ihe difference In cost of the feast to Ihe Children's Emergency Fund? We would all feel the heller for such an aclion. Kiilherine Knllmann li'ls. I! avenue   

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