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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - November 8, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather- Clear In partly cloudy ton I Khl with lows iirouml 40. 1'arljy Saturday with lilghs around fiO. NUMBER 303 CITY FINAL 15 CENTS CEDAR HAPIDS, JOWA, 1'TUDAY, NOVEMBER 8, 1974 ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES KENT GUARDSMEN Peking Bid To Soviets For Pact MOSCOW China has sent the Soviet Union a concilia lory message calling for a non aggression pact and the separa ration of forces along their tense, frontier, i It was the first public indica tion that the Chinese might be prepared to talk about a non aggression pact between the worid's two leading Communist powers. Official Chinese sources said Peking sent the message to the Kremlin Thursday on the 57th anniversary of the Bolshevik revolution. Diplomatic sources said the Chinese hesitated In the past to enter into a non-aggression pact with the Soviets because they feared losing any rights to dis puted territory along the bor der. Opposes Separation The Kremlin, on the other hand, has long opposed 'a sep aralion of forces agreemen claiming it would concede legit imacy to Chinese land claims. The Soviet Union wants any territorial solution based 'on 19th Century agreements de scribed by Peking as "unequal treaties." Sources said the message re affirms a 1969 agreement be- tween Premiers Alexei Kosygin and Chou En-lai for the bordei disputes to be settled by dis- cussion rather than force. The sources said Peking, in the new message, said "the mutual understanding" of the 1969 agreement "should be. ad- hered to" on such issues as non-aggression and separation of forces. Reply to Kosygin The message said China "fre- quently has proposed that the two sides should hold talks to achieve relations .of friendship and good neighborliness." The Soviet Union also main tains it has made repeatec overtures to China but has been rebuffed by the Peking leader- ship. Last weekend, Kosygin sale in a speech at Frunze, near the Chinese border, that the Soviet Union wished to make the frontier a place of "peace good neighborliness and friend- ship." It was not immediately known whether the Chinese message was in direct reply to Kosygin. UphoidlSddy Conviction WASHINGTON (AP) The U, S. court of appeals for the District of Columbia Friday upheld the conviction of G. Gor- don Liddy for conspiracy, bur- glary and wiretapping in the Watergate breakin. Tlie decision marked the first test of the original Watergate convictions. The seven-judge court was unanimous. "Judge John Sirica's palpable search for truth in such a trial was not only permissible, it was in the highest tradition of his office as a federal Ihc court said. "And although his execution of this objective presented prob- lems, as must be acknowledged, they were not of a kind that deprived defendanls of a fail- trial." The judges said that, where Sirica made mistakes, "it must be ranked as harmless rather than prejudicial error." Landslide Kills 8 MANILA (AP) Typhoon Gloria is blamed for the death of a woman and her seven children in a landslide. Chuchle Tf you think you have no makes another nnc' Teleoholo In U. S. af Last Flanked by New York Senators James Buckley, left, and Jacob Javits, Simas Kudirka, Lithuanian sea- man, talks about his four years in a Siberian labor camp resulting from his 1970 attempt at U. S. asylum. He jumped from a Soviet vessel to a U. S. coast guard cutter off Massachusetts but was returned to his ship. He has now been allowed to come to the U. S. through the efforts of American sympathizers who discovered that his mother had been born in this country. Drinking Water Safety Study Set WASHINGTON (UPI) The environmental .protection agency Friday ordered an im- mediate nationwide study of the country's drinking water sup- plies to determine if they con- tain cancer-causing chemicals. EPA Administrator Russell E. Train ordered the survey after a new EPA study of the drinking water supply in New Orleans showed minute traces of C6 or- ganic chemicals, some of which are known cancer causers. The New Orleans study was undertaken last July at the re- quest of city officials and the results were released Friday. "Many Years" "What we learn from this na- tional reconnaissance survey 20% Increase Announced in ADC Payments DES MOINES (IDPA) Gov. Robert Ray announced Friday a 20 percent increase in the rate of payments to. recipients of the states aid to dependent children jrogram, effective with' the Dec. 1 payments. Ray's office said the increase was made possible after a care- ful analysis of the present ADC program, the impact of inflation on, low-income people and' the present status of the depart- nents fiscal position. Estimated annual cost of the jenefit increase is million dollars and state appropriations effecting some recipients. Under the new schedule, pay- ment for a family of four would become per month, a ncrease from the present will tell us how widespread and serious the situation is that we found in the New Orleans Train said. "Undoubtedly these com- pounds have been present in drinking water for many years. Until recently chemical methods of analysis have not been suf- ficiently sensitive to detect them. "Even with the 'modern tech- niques, the concentralion of the compounds could not be ade- quately measured even though their presence was detected." Train said the nationwide study would first involve an analysis of community water supplies to determine how wide- spread the problem is and if it is having an impact on health. Later the sources of the chemi- cals and 'techniques for remov- ing them will be studied. Chlorination Hole He also said EPA is studying She role of chlorination of water supplies to determine if it causes cancer-inducing agents to develop when combined with chemicals already in Ithe water. But he said current knowledge indicates the benefits of chlorin- ation far outweigh the risks. The Environmental Defense Fund, a private group, had re- ported Thursday a "significant relalionship" between cancer dealhs in New Orleans and the wblic water supply. Its report was based on data 'ram a 1972 EPA study which up to now has got little national attention. "Serious Question" The private group said the :wo-year-old figures raise "serious questions about the safety of drinking water na- tionally." "From recent studies of the Kanawha river in West Vir- ginia; the drinking water sup- plies of Evansville, Ind.; Wash- ington, C.; Cincinnati; and eight unnamed Nebraska com- munities, it is evident that the presence of cancer-causing sub- stances in water is wide- the EDF report said. ''These substances escape water treatment processes be cause these processes were signed in the latter ,19th and early 20th Centuries and have not been updated to keep pace with the rising levels of hazard ous chemicals in water." The group said a million peo pie in New Orleans may be ex posed to the problem, and then would be 50 fewer cancer death: a year among white males then (Continued: Page 3, Col. 3.) Taking Second Look At Gibson Nomination WASHINGTON (AP) The Ford administration is taking second look at its nomination ol Andrew Gibson to be federa energy administrator after dis- closure that he has a lucrative agreement with an oil transpor: company. Press Secretary Ron Nessen said Thursday that Gibson's no mination will not be sent to the senate for confirmation until the FBI completes its background checks on him. N e s s e n s disclosure came after the New York Times re- ported that Gibson received a separation agreemenl with Interstate Oil Transport Co. of Philadelphia. The Times said the agreemenl assures Gibson of about annually from the company for 10 years. He resigned as pres- ident of Interstate in May. a Year In an interview with the Times published Friday, Gibson said he would receive a year under I lie 10-year contract. He said lie was surprised when Billion for Slower Mail? WASHINGTON (UPI) The Postal Service has fig- ured out a new, billion-dollar system that means a package going from El Paso lo Mid- land, Texas, 301 miles, will travel miles, i Under the new national bulk- mail system, a parcel mailed in Pensacoia for Panama City, Fin., 103 miles away, will go through New Orleans, Memphis and Jacksonville. The Genera! Accounting Of- fice questions the efficiency of such a system, expected lo cost almost billion for buildings nnd machinery. The system aims to use more mechanized equipment for sorting parcels, catalogs, books, films, circulars, weekly papers, trade journals and "non-time value" magazines. The system is under con- s t r 11 c t i o n and should) be operating by Inle 1975. It will use 21 bulk mail centers and 12 auxiliary facilities. GAO said that for most pack- ages sent less than COO miles 58 percent of those handled the mail will actually be slower. H questioned the claim that by 1984 Hie system will save million a year, and said the standards Ihc Postal Ser- vice is promising fall short of the present delivery standards of ils chief competitor. Poslmns'cr flcnuriii Kins- sen, asked by GAO lo re- spond, did not dispute the findings. But lie said: "To most cus- tomers a one-day difference in delivery standards is not criti- cal, so long as the service is consistent, packages are not damaged nnd the price is right." Anyway, he said, (he ser- vice hnd to do something about "outmoded facilities, in- adequate mechanization and unsatisfactory processing methods" and it decided in- stalling a new system as bcl- Icr than piecemeal solutions. If the plan works to the ser- vice's satisfaction, it plans to invest billion in similar mechanization for first-class mail. President Ford announced he was liis choice for Ihc energy job. Gibson said he had.expectec to be nominated for deputy di rector of the International Labor Organization in Geneva, the Times reported. Senator McGovern (D-S. D.) called on Ford to withdraw the nomination and said the senate should reject it if he does not. "Gibson lias a million-dollar ring through his nose with the oil industry holding the chain a (he other McGovern saic "There can be only one reason for this appointment and that is a further raid on the Ameri- can consumer by big oil." The usual background check on Gibson was not conductor before Ford nominated him lasl month to succeed John Sawhil "because of the urgency" cf the appointment, Nessen (old re porters. Not Aware "Before the nomination i Farm......................M Financial ..................21 Marion ....................X Movies ..................12, 13 Society.....................10 Sports ...................15-11) State Television Wiint Ads ................23-27
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