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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - November 2, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa ®be faint fnfntb Editorial Page Saturday, November 2, 1974 Tax-free earnings incentive The Iowa Savings and Loan League has joined hands with the United States League of Savings Associations in petitioning congress for a tax break for money savers. The petitions urge congress to complete action on H R. 16994, a bill providing tax-free earnings. up to $500 for individuals and SKOOG for couples, on savings accounts. The bill already has the house ways and means committee’s approval. The U.S. League estimates that a tax break for savers based on those figures would attract $16 billion annually in additional deposits at savings and loan associations. That extra $16 billion would provide mortgage financing for 500,IMM) residential units, including 2(H),OIH) new homes — of which there is a shortage at the moment with no relief in sight. The League also estimates the building of the new housing would generate 350,IMM) jobs and the multiplier effect of 2(M),IMM) new homes alone would increase the Gross National Product by $20 billion. That’s not all. The League estimates that the U.S. revenue department would take in $1 billion in net taxes as a result of the increased economic activity — more than offsetting the $590 million which the revenuers estimated would be lost as the result of making the earnings taxfree. Inasmuch as the bill covers savings interest earned from all financial institutions — including commercial banks, mutual savings banks and credit unions, as well as savings and loan businesses — the economic impact would be more far-ranging than estimated by the League for savings and loan associations only. The bill has considerable merit. It would help promote consumer savings which, in turn, would reduce consumer buying, giving it an anti-inflationary flavor. It would give small investors a break similar to that enjoyed by those well-heeled enough to purchase tax-free municipal bonds and other market instruments. For those reasons alone, it deserves careful scrutiny by congress before this session is adjourned. Head-count for CR. The U.S. Census Bureau estimated earlier this month that Iowa’s population last July was 2,855,IMM) — up some 30,OIH) from 1970’s official level of 2,825,041. If the new figure is right, it represents a meager gain of 1.05 percent from the tally 4V6 years ago. In turn, if Cedar Rapids by itself has grown by just 1,200 or so since 1970, that will represent a higher rate of population gain than the state’s as a whole. Thus it would pay to find that out and thereby let the city collect a larger amount of the liquor and road use tax funds that are parceled out to cities by the state on a population pro-rata basis. The Cedar Rapids city council’s informal decision this week to arrange for a special federal census midway between the decennial ones was therefore in the city’s best interests. Considering the decade’s ups and downs and a generally unsettled economy, both here and nationwide, precisely what the Cedar Rapids population trend has been in recent years is hard to pin down. Even so, most indications point to a sizable gain A corresponding mid-term census in 1965 found Cedar Rapids up more than 11,500 from 1960’s 92,035. A slower rise of 7,-000-plus from 1965 to 1970 left the last count at 110,642 Even gains at only half that rate since 1970 would more than justify the $55-60,000 special-census cost by upping Cedar Rapids’ share of state fund allocations. Information on the trend will be both valuable and interesting no matter what the figures show. The council would be out of order only if it overlooked the chance to call it forth. Way with words Towned By Theodore M. Bernstein Julie Elf man of New Orleans writes in to ask why so many surnames of Eastern Europeans end in ski . The answer is that in Slavic languages ski or sky means an inhabitant of. so that if you meet a Mr. Phinoas Sokolski, jou can bo reasonably sure that he cornic from, or at least his forebears came from. Sokol in western Russia. I * Dippy item . A high school English teacher, Mrs. Paul W. Barden of Ripley, N. Y , apparently is having trouble persuading her students which of two words is the right one in a momentous context. The world-shaking question is whether you duck for apples or dunk for apples Without a moment's hesitation the answer emerges here: You duck for apples. Dunk comes from the German word tunken, meaning to dip or soak It is mainly used transitively, as to dunk a doughnut in coffee, though occasionally it becomes mtrasitive, which is the mood called for in this apple situation It, too, has a German background and it means to dip, dive or plunge, which is what you do for those apples. Mrs. Barden didn’t say which side she was un. and all we can Nay is, “L»rd love a duck " Word oddities A whipping boy does not do any whipping; rather he is — or at least was until about the 17th Century — one who gets the whipping A young European prince in those days usually was brought up with a lower class boy who got whipped whenever the prince did something bad enough to lie deserving of punishment How that was supposed to make the prince any better the books do not say Anyway, a whipping boy is one who takes the blame for another's mistakes. He i a scapegoat. Now you want to know about the word scapegoat. See us next time More oddities. The teacher shouldn't let the kids in on this. but underlying the word school is the idea of leisure — in fact. the word comes from the Greek word sc hole, meaning leisure The leisure referred to was employed in discussion, teaching and learning, and that's what it should Im* used for today • And still more. What distinctions arc made among holligans, hoodlums and thugs? The answer is virtually nom* Milton D. Miller of Wilmington, Del., who asks the question, recalls from his childhood a comic-strip character named Happy Hooligan, fie was a sad. funny fellow, but not vicious. Perhaps that character had something to do with slightly softening the impression conveyed by the term hooligan, which nevertheless means a ruffian, though usually a young one That impression is not in the iiundN of the leaders of the Soviet Union, who refer to those they wish to disparage as hooligans. Tougher and more violent than holligans are hoodlums, who are usually members of gangs The worst are thugs, who commit the whole range of crimes up to and including murder. Indeed the word thug originally denoted a member of an organization of professional assassins in northern India. The distinctions set .forth here may be purely subjective ana the FBI may have quite different views on the subject New York People s forum Theodore M. Bernstein Food priority To the Editor. It really is something to live in a society where people become enraged about HI Kl calves' boing slaughtered in Wisconsin but don’t give a second thought when they read about a murder — where they want high wages and low food costs. One woman (article on page 10B, Oct. 3) was unable to comprehend “how people in a supposedly civilized country could stiMip to the level of murdering helpless animals." By definition, murder means “the unlawful killing of human beings with malice afore thought.” The animals were slaughtered (you can also slaughter humans but you can't murder animals). Slaughter, had they been allowed to live now, was their eventual destination anyhow. Another woman said the persons doing the killing “are taking out the problems of inflation on defenseless animals.” If you want to find out what inflation is, visit a farmer, It’s not just sugar that costs more but everything we buy. Most farmers operate on borrowed money and fluctuating incomes. When our costs go up. we can’t demand higher wages or prices to compensate. At the same time we have household and business payments to make tin). The farmer is a business man with a product to sell. He easily has a $100,000 to $300,000 investment to protect, Most want to provide the product at the least cost to consumers, but no one can expect them to put in the hours, take the gamble and constantly lose money . . Today’s farmer cares whether you eat or starve. He does his best to give you his best product. But farming isn t like the factory production line, because nature can’t Im* controlled. The farmer plants his crops and hopes that with care, rain and sunshine they’ll grow. He feeds crops to livestock and hopes they’ll grow without disease wiping them out. Then he sells and hopes he’ll make enough to pay his bills. , . Those calves were offered for sale at cost. They could have been purchased. Others now are being sent to Honduras, but the call has been heard. You have reacted Now act: Support your farmers; they’re the best friends you have. V\e eat better in this country, cheaper than anywhere else, and complain the loudest about cost. But for nonhfegiving products we expect prices to rise, and we pay them without question It’s time this society checked its priorities and placed food at the top of the list Mrs Earl Glandorf Route I, Homestead Stop killing To the Editor I’m Mire that what this country needs more than anything else in the world in unity. Surveying secular history one sees that all the troubles of countries relate to a lack of unity of purpose. Rome, at the beginning of her decline, had to accept Christianity to achieve a unity of sorts, but even this was not enough, because 75 years after making Christianity legal Rome met her downfall by invasions from the north and south by the Goths, Vingoths and Vandals. I am a Baha i, and one of the reasons I am a Baha'i is that from my reading of secular history, it is the only faith that makes sense. God must have a purpose for mankind, such as reaching maturity and stopping the killing of his fellow man. I was a Christian for 47 years. The transition from Christian to Baha'i wasn’t easy because many of the false thinkings of man I had to overcome. The Baha is believe that mankind, sinct* its first gropings for a Supreme Being has been iii school. I ait Ie by little he learns that when God says, “Thou shalt not kill,” He doesn’t mean that man learns that when God says, “Thou shalt not kill,” He doesn’t mean that except in case of war this should Im' so. He means, “Thou shalt not kill,” period. Nowadays a man can press a button and very impersonally kill 35 or 411 million people. Maybe the way to stop killing is to give every country on earth an atomic bomb and the means to deliver it. Maybe then they would think twice before using it. James R. Hacker 1501 First avenue, Marion Clarification To the Editor: As a candidate for state representative from the 29th district, I can hardly complain about the press in light of the fairness shown me in printing news releases throughout my campaign. I would, in fact like to thank and compliment you for making so well known the views of all candidates seeking office this year. However, it is important to me that I correct an impression which one may draw from the article on me in the Oct. 30 Gazette. The story said I would allow tax incentives to “the wealthy” and to business to stimulate productivity. I’m certain my statement to your reporter called for incentives to save for all individuals — not just those who are wealthy. I have throughout the campaign called for tax-free interest up to $250 or $500 as an iqcentive to save. Another point, less significant but easily misunderstood, was my reference (in the interview) to men like Arthur Collins, Howard Hall, Mr. Fisher of Marshalltown, Mssrs. Maytag, Shaeffer, Foerstner and Hubbell, who helped make Iowa the rich and decent place it is to live. While I understand your space limitations, the names of these Iowa industrialists were reduced to “big guys’’ — a term which has a considerably different connotation to me. Again, my thanks for your excellent coverage. Jay Ravena 2745 First avenue. Marion Problem solver To the Editor. I can agree with the recent letters noting the special interest Tom Riley has shown in individual constituents' problems. Since early 197(1 I had been attempting to obtain my final release nlords from the marine corps in order to obtain military exemption on my property tax. I had written numerous letters to the marine corps office and received no response. I had made several phone calls and again nothing was done Tom Riley’s reputation for getting things done prompted me to contact him for assistance. After four years of unsuccessful attempts on my part, Tom Riley was able to solve the problem in less than four days. Within a few weeks I received the necessary records, I sure hope Tom Riley is elected to congress no that he can continue to help solve th** problems people encounter. Bob Dunahugh 1158 < avenue NW Women's rights To the Editor. Iowa holds a prominent position nationwide because of the strong legislation supporting the basic rights of women The people of Linn county can Im* proud that their state senator, Tom Riley, tiM»k an active role in furthering these basic affirmations of human rights In the legislature. Tom Riley has dom* more than simply vote for human r ights legislation. He has demonstrated his leadership by sponsoring and working hard for many major human rights laws Tom has worked to protect the dignity of rajs* victims, to outlaw sex discrimination in the granting of credit, and to get highly qualified women appointed to many state commissions and boards. He has been active in his commitment to the rights and needs of bis constituents ( arui ii Dillard 338 Crescent street SE Service To the Editor: As election day approaches, many have lM*en publicly supporting a favorite candidate. But it is also important to express thanks to a candidate who has gone out of his way to help without asking for any publicity in return. Our problem is the lack of safe. efficient transportation to Hiawatha elementary school for over 70 of our small children. We are not quite far enough from the school to qualify for a public sc hool bus, even though traffic and safety factors make it unacceptable for our children to walk. In the late spring we began investigating charter bus (K)ssi-bilities. Just when we thought the problem was solved, the bus we expected became suddenly unavailable. As co-chairmen of the Twin Pines North school bus committee, we decided to get in touch with Sen. Tom Riley. Within hours of receiving our letter, Senator Riley telephoned us for a more complete picture of our .situation. He personally visited our neighborhmid and drove the route our children must take to school. He then began a continuing series of calls and personal contacts on our behalf, in addition to writing several letters. As a result of Senator Riley’s efforts, we have had meetings with school, city and private bus officials, and greater progress has been made in the past three weeks than we managed in the previous five months. I On Oct. 27, a second option we had thought was the answer unexpectedly fell through. As swin as we contacted him. Senator Riley was back on the problem, and we are hopeful a solution will still Im* reached. In our opinion. Tom Riley is a public servant in the truest sense. He makes use of his influence to benefit common people in cases where a solution might not bt* possible without his help. We anticipate working with him until we have a bus for our children, and we would like to thank him publicly for his effort. Mrs. John Ar bore 3725 Yellow Pine drive NE Mrs. Steven Cramer 3821 Yellow Pine court NE Registration To the Editor; Being a mobile registrar is a thankless job. They volunteer their time and gas. It s hard to get to everyone when >our mobiles are volunteers and can't always go out when a person wants. Getting to people in the city of Cedar Rapids is not as hard as in the county, because of the many miles between farm houses. When registering rural areas ifs best to do a lot at one time I d like to ask Mr. Dyrland (Forum. Oct. 29) why he waited five days before the cutoff day to decide* to check into registering, when we’ve had people registering since May. Even if Mr. Dyrland wasn’t 18 until this month, a 17-year-old can In* registered six months before his birthday. The form is not valid until date of registration, that date being his birthday. The Linn county courthouse was open on Saturday, Get. 28, from lunin to K p.m. I feel Mr Dyrland could have taken a half hour of his Saturday afternoon to go and register as opposed to a mobile registrar’s going to his house. since he had a very limited time at home Charlene Bauserman 3515 C avenue NE Peaceable To the Editor As a member of liwal 1318, U A W., I wish to say thank-you to the Cedar Rapids police force for its cooperation and diligent law enforcement efforts during the wildcat strike at the Hurnischfeger plant on Oct. 23 and 24 Their sincere cooperation helped keep everything peaceful and orderly in our effort to better union and company relationships and (Mir fight for better working and safety conditions G A. Sands 890 Third avenue. Marion Zealots lust for new war By William Safire WASHINGTON — The Arab leaders who gathered in Rabat this week decided that a peace settlement was not a worthy objective, and that ultimate victory over Israel was within their grasp. Toward that end. the Palestinian terrorists — who fervently pledge the destruction of the .Jewish state — have been legitimatized by the Arabs as a government-to-be on the west bank of the Jordan. Why have the Arabs chosen a course so likely to lead to another war** Several good reasons: First, the monied Arabs hold Western Europe and Japan hostage to oil power, and these nations have shortsightedly chosen appeasement as their policy. Second, the legendary invincibility of the Israelis went up in the smoke of the Yom Kippur war. Given enough chances and plenty of firepower, Goliath now thinks it could take David. Finally, United States peacemaking has been based on an assumption of good faith by both sides. But the Arab extremists do not want peace, they want Israel, and the Arab moderates let them have their way at Rabat. The hard fact is that the Arab extremists are in the saddle, and war is their solution. The question now is not whether the Israelis can be forced into negotiating with the Palestine Liberation Organization, the question is whether the Israel will be pressured into agreeing to the creation of an adjacent nation which professes itself to be dedicated to Israel’s destruction. The answer must be*no. Arab moderates can be expected to take over only when it becomes apparent that a countervailing power exists to block the obliteration of Israel as well as the dominance of world trade by Arab oil power. That means that the United States, in this period, should be less of a broker and more of a counterforce. As Dr. Kissinger learned in Vietnam, the application of power is an urgent reminder of the need for good faith in negotiations. Deliberate ambiguity has not worked in the Middle East; our “even-handedness” has had its fingers crossed. Now is the time to make clear to the Arab world that the United States insists upon peace without victory. We can help moderates gain the upper hand again by showing the futility of the extremists’ case. Here’s how. I. We should reaffirm that as long as organized forces an* committed to the destruction of Israel, we shall see to it that — in the words of a Republican candidate in 1908 — “the balance must be tipped in Israel’s favor.” We can only be a superbroker by acting like a superpower: The United States should become evenhanded as Arabs become settlement-minded. William Safire 2. The Jews to be permitted emigration out of the Soviet Union are not going to Israel for their annihilation; part of any trade deal with the U.S.S R ought to be an agreement that limits Soviet offensive military aid to regimes like Iraq and Syria. 3. Oil independence should be asserted by the United States not only in the limitation of our auto horsepower but in providing incentives to stimulate production U.S. policy should actively encourage U.S. companies to explore for oil everywhere from the Gulf of Mexico to the Sinai desert. 4. Someone might observe quietly that the manifest destiny of the Indian subcontinent lies westward toward the Persian Gulf. If oil inflation causes the per capita income of the resident of Kuwait to continue to soar hundreds of times higher than that of the average Indian, then that economic imbalance might likely Im* redressed by undiplomatic means: A nuclear power is not going to stand there with its hand out forever. The Arab power play at Rabat calls for an unemotional, purposeful power response. Israel is the symbol of the* Arab bid for dominance throughout the noncommunist world If the new oil power succeeds in scaring away all support for the Jewish state, it will be used to subdue democratic systems elsewhere The only way to turn the Arabs away from extremism is to show how it will lead to no progress regaining disputed land. The only way to turn Arabs away from dreams of economic domination of the Western world is for the United States to take the lead in cracking their cartel The only way to turn Arabs away from war against Israel is for the United States to make clear to them that Israel would win. N«w York Tim** Sn vice Tim** SyrwMcoT* One more day of trying to reason with Arabs, and IU go straight up the wall!
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