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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - October 18, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather- Partly cloudy lonlglii mid Salunlay. Lows -II in IH..II.- iiuluriluy 70. VOLUME 92 Nl'MBKR CITY FINAL 15 CENTS CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA, KU1IMY, OCTOBER 1974 ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES WASHINGTON (AP) Pres- ident Ford's historic testimony on his pardon for former Pres- ident Nixon lias drawn high praise from congressmen for candor, hut sharp disagreement on whether lie laid the pardon controversy to rest. Ford assured a house judici- ary subcommittee and a nation- wide television audience Thurs- day "there was no deal, period" for the pardon and said lie is convinced he did not grant it too hastily. (Photos on Picture Page) Subcommittee members split afterwards on whether Ford': testimony settled the matter, and Chairman Hungate (D-Mo.j said the inquiry on the pardon may continue after congress re- turns Nov. 18 from its election campaign recess. Subcommittee Democrats called for more witnesses in- volved in the pardon consulta- tions, including former White House chief of staff Alexander Haig, Ford counsel Phillip Bu- chen and possibly outgoing spe- cial Watergate prosecutor Leon Jaworski. "Time To Lay Off" Most Republicans agreed with Ford the subcommittee should end the inquiry so Hie country can "shift our attention from the pursuit of a fallen President to the pursuit (if the urgent needs of a rising nation." "This certainly should be the end of said Rep. McClory (R-IIU, "It's time to lay off the President." But Rep. Bella Abzug (D- author of one of the for- mal resolutions of inquiry that Ford appeared to answer said, "This is just a beginning. "We have to probe further to make, certain the pardon was not part of a deal for the resig- nation or for Ford's becoming President." "Raised Questions" Rep. Elizabeth (D- N.Y.) contended Ford's tcstimo- Jury Hears March 17 Nixon-Dean Discussion ny "raised more questions than it answered." WASHINGTON (AP) A tape recording played at the Watergate cover-up trial Friday disclosed that former President Nixon discussed the vulnera- bility of some of his top aides to criminal charges on March 17, 1973 four days before he claimed to have his first de- tailed knowledge about Water- gate. It was the first time that por- tion of the tape or a transcript of it has ever been made public. In the conversation Nixon was told by John Dean that he had attended meetings where politi- atlorney general and two-time campaign manager, and II. R. Haldeman, his chicf-of-staff, are two of the five defendants being tried for conspiring to covcrup the Watergate breakin. Charles Colson, Nixon's special counsel, also had been charged with con- spiracy, but he pled guilty in another case and the charges were dismissed. The jurors, listening on head- phones to their third White House tape in two days and fol- lowing the taped conversation with a transcript, heard Dean tell Nixon that he too was vul- cal espionage, including burgla-jnerable, to a degree. _......_, _ ___ .1" ry and wiretapping, was dis- cussed but that be thought the plans had been "turned off." The jury then heard Dean saying, "The next thing I heard was the breakin on June 17." Nixon asked, "You heard dis- cussion of that, but you didn't hear any discussion of bugging, did you, in that, your meetings? Or did "Vulnerabilities" Later the President is heard to say: "Where this thing leads, I mean in terms of the vulnera- bilities and so forth. It's your view the vulnerabilities arc ba- sically Mitchell. Colson. Hal- deman, indirectly, possibly di- rectly John Mitchell, Nixon's former Sag in Value Of Output Third in Row WASHINGTON (AP) While President Ford prescribes anti- inflation medicine for the econ- omy, the symptoms of a reces- sion are growing more pro- nounced. The real value of the goods and services churned out by the economy showed the third con- secutive quarterly decline. The face value of the gross a t i o n a 1 product for July hrough September rose 8.3 per- cent, projected at an annual rate, to billion, the com- nerce department said Thurs- day. Yet inflation sapped the dollars of 11.5 percent of their 'alue in the same period, so the real value of the output shrank 12.9 percent. It was under Miss Iloltzman's! 'niat lcft Just sl'Shtly ahead questioning, on how Ford couldK where it was in 1972. It was 10 lUn tv._ inrn answer the "suspicions raised in the public mind on whether the pardon was part of a deal. that Ford interrupted to make one of his major poinls. "I want to assure you and the members of congress and the American people that there was no deal, period, under no circumstances." he said. Ford said the [irst mention ever made to him of a pardon for Nixon came from Haig dur- ing a meeting Aug. 1 eight days before Nixon resigned at which he said Haig also in- formed him of upcoming "dev- astating, even catastrophic" disclosures that might remove Nixon from office. Alternatives A Ford pardon for Nixon was one of six alternatives Haig list- ed. Ford testified. He said Haig did not advocate any of the op- tions. The President said other op- tions included Nixon giving him- self a pardon in advance, Nixon censure vole stepping aside temporarily under Ihe 25th Nixon resigning Hie impeachment trying to gel a from congress r; peachmenl. Ford said he was shocked and stunned by Urn word Ihat ho might be abnul I" become Pros- ideul, and lold Haig he would the first time since the 1960-61 recession that output dropped in three successive quarters. The most recent recession, that of 1969-70, was marked by only two consecutive quarters of de- cline. Less Severe There are other symptoms, such as a maximum drop of 1.9 percent in industrial production so far, which are less severe than in the most recent reces- sions. Yet, even before the latest na- tional product figures came out, Federal Reserve Board Chair- man Arthur Burns and other economisls dubbed the current slump a recession. Tile administration conten- tion, repealed anew by Com- inercc .Secretary Frederick Dent and his lop economists, is that the decline in output is the product of isolated quirks. The Arab oil embargo, higher 1 prices, over-eager stock- piling by industry in antici- pation of inflationary price in- "I know, I know, but you were in it after the deed was done." Dean: "That's correct that I have no foreknowledge Nixon: All the others that have participated in the thing, and therefore are po- tentially subject to criminal lia- bility. You're not. Thai's the dif- ference." Magruder The conversation turned to Jeb Stuart Magruder, deputy to Mitchell on the re-election com- mittee, and Dean told the Pres ident, "If Jeb ever sees himsell sinking, he will reach out to grab everybody he can get a hold of The unfortunate thing is, in this whole thing, Jeb is the most responsible man for the whole incident. Dean earlier testified that John Ehrlichman said he would talk to Nixon about demands by some of the Watergate burglars for assurances of help from the White House. Dean said the demand was communicated to Colson from B. Howard Hunt, one of the principals in Ihe Watergate bur- glary. Dean, testifying at the Water- gate cover-up trial of Ehrlich- man and four other men, sale the demand was communicatec to special counsel Charles Col- son from E. Howard Hunt, one of the principals in the Water- gate burglary. On Jan. 3, 1973, Dean said, Colson reported that he had met with Hunt's attorney, William was out, his ulcers were bothering him, Ms mental attitude was bad and he wanted to plead guilty' unless assurances were coming from the White House. "Ehrlichman said Colson should not get into any specific executive clemency or grants of clemency with Mr. Dean said. He added that Ehr- ichman said he "would take it up with the President himself and that Colson should not bring t up but wait until Ehrlichman 3'els back to him." "Given Assurances" On Jan. 5, three days before Hunt and the six other men were scheduled to go on trial. Colson told Ehrlichman and Dean that "I have given Bitt- man assurances, but no hard Bittman, who said Hunt 'most distraught, washed1 (Continued: Page 3, Col. 5.) Telcpholo NONCHALANT A South Boston woman, accustomed to the armed- camp atmosphere resulting from school racial trouble, walks unperturbedly past a policeman. Million Drive Scheduled by Cornell MT. VERNON Cornell Ad- vance, a ten-year, million capital campaign to be launched next spring, has been approved by the board of trustees at Cor- nell college. Announcement of the Cornell Advance campaign was made by Dr. Philip B. Secor, pres- ident of the college, and Al Mor- rissey of Mt. Vernon, president of the board of trustees. (Sec photo on Page 4) Robert W. Smith of Dearborn. Mich., a 1935 Cornell graduate and a member of the board of ruslees, has accepted appoint- ment as national leadership gifts chairman of the campaign. Smith, a native of Na- ion, recently retired after a 38- year career in the automotive ndustry. He was with General Motors from 1935 to 1950, then joined Ford Motor Co. Alumni Award Smith is a recipient, of Cor- n e 11 s Alumni Achievement Waverly Youth Charged In Kidnaping of Women award, given jointly by the col- lege and the Cornell Alumn: Assn. He is a past member ol the Alumni Assn. board of direc- tors. Specific financial goals for Hie first three-year phase of the campaign will be announced next spring, according to Secor and Morrissey. The board has already ap- proved the first priority for the campaign, a million, Philip Secor Al Morrissey lly Kill Lavclclte Robert .1. 17, vcrly, was arrested early Fri- lay after he allegedly slole a car from two women, held them 1 ami led authorities on a and a home building in- cno along ('us'r-v S'''IKKP1''11K under high in- tcresl rales are oilod as exam- ples. J34-mile chase at speeds up to 115 miles per hour. The ciia.se ended near omy appeal's to me the ocon- is actually moving side- said Economist James Surtax Hit (Continued: Page .'t. Col. 7.) r Today's Chuckle The way tin1 slock market is behaving, we're neither bull nor bear jusl chicken. ropvnull! Economists such as l.oif Olson of New York's Cily Rank argue olicc were first alerted of Robert the incident when they received a call from a man who observed omitn car leave a parking lot shortly before 11 p.m. Thursday at Ihe Mc-Too store, 903 First avenue SW, under suspicious circum- stances. The caller reported seeing tersection 200 near of highways 30 Keystone when and youth losl control of the car on a curve and ran into a ditch. No one was injured. Units from the Cedar Rapids police department, Ihe Iowa highway palrol and the sheriff's departments of Linn, Bcntou doom already is scaled and Ihoiand Tama counties chased the and ly new siluation with new different complications." While supporting Ihe spending; programs in Ford's cconomicik'TapmK Kile Charges was charged (Continued: Page 2, Col. 0.) and larceny of a I motor vehicle. He was being in Ihe Linn county jail. square-foot science cculer Nowlin Gets Life Terms; To Appeal Ccd.ir Rnplds Ncwi- George Junior Nowlin, 31, ol rural Keystone, drew two life prison terms Friday following his convictions in Linn anc Jones county in the deaths two Cedar Rapids teenagers. Appearing before Judge Rob- ert Osmundson in Linn distrid Ford Signs Aid Measure Reluctantly WASHINGTON (AP) Pres- ident Ford Friday signed "with serious reservations" a compro- mise bill that postpones until Dee. 10 a ban on military aid to Turkey while attempts arc made to negotiate a Cyprus dis- )ute. Ford said he considered the measure "ill-advised and dan- jerous" hut he voted for it Because congress "has eased he most troublesome of the ear- :ier restrictions." As a result of signing of the continuing resolution, funds for the operations of several depart- ments and agencies, held up for three weeks, can now be re- leased. Ford twice vetoed similar ver- sions of this bill because he said it would impede U. S. efforts to- ward Cyprus ncEC-tiHtions. "Full Responsibility" He said Friday: "Whatever we can still do to assist in resolving the Cyprus dispute 1 be done. But if we fai despite our best efforts, those in congress who overrode the con- gressional leadership must bear the full responsibility for tha failure." The compromise was passec by the house 191 to 33 and in the senate by voice vote. Both houses then closed up shop for a 32-day recess unti after the Nov. 5 election, when Ihey will return to tackle un- finished business, including ap- propriations for several major government departments. Final action resolution and on the money the President's agreement to sign it took the squeeze off thousands of govern- ment employes who had been facing payless paydays nexl week. Funding Authority The resolution provides the funding authority to operate agencies for which regular 'ap- propriation bills have not been passed. These include foreign aid programs and activities o! the health education welfare labor and agriculture depart- ments and several smaller feder- al agencies, legally without funds since Sept. 30. Ford said he vetoed the sec- ond bill with the aid cutoff be- cause it would destroy U. S. ability to further a negotiated settlement, "would do nothing to encourage Ihe two sides to resolve the dispute peacefully, court Friday morning, brjng a fllrthcr was sentenced to life imprison- rioralion of the posture of the ment in the state penitentiary in i NATO alliance in the crucial the shooting death of Michael Mediterranean." Servey, 18, March 10. Nowlin was convicled of firsl- degree murder in that case Reported 8 in Story county district court. The trial was moved there from Linn counly on a change of venue. At p.m. Friday, Judge John Hyland, in Jones counly district court, also sentenced S'owlin to a life term in the death in that county of Maureen Connolly, 17, March 10. Nowlin was convicted of first- degree murder in Hie girl's leath Oct. 2 in Cerro Gordo county district court where Ihe (Continued Page 3, Col. 7) BEIRUT (AP) Egypt's of- ficial Middle East news agei said Russia and Egypt an- nounced Friday they have agreed to support establishment of a Palestinian slate as a prerequisite for an over-all peaceful settlement in the Mid- dle East. WASHINGTON (AP) Sena- or Jackson (D-Wash.) Friday announced what he described as i historic step aimed at ensur- ng free emigration from the So- viet Union of at least per- ions a year. Tlie accord involving congress, [he Ford administration and the Soviet Union also opens the way 'or congressional passage of ma- jor trade legislation and ends a two-year fight by Jackson and others to liberalize Soviet emi- gration policies. Following a half-hour meeting with President Ford and Secre- tary of Slate Kissinger, Jackson was given the use of a White House podiurn to unveil a six- point agreement outlined in an exchange o f correspondence with Kissinger. The While House made no an- nouncement of its own and all press releases distributed there on the matter were from Jack- son's office Trial Period In essence, Jackson and other proponents of freer Soviet emi- gration agreed to an 18-month trial period during which the new Soviet policies will be im- plemented and in return congress authorize tariff concessions and credits to the Soviets. Noting that congress can end the arrangement after 18 months if it feels the Soviets are not upholding their part of the bargain, Jackson told reporters, 'I think the safeguards are more than adequate." In a letter lo Jackson, Kis- singer wrote, "I should like, in behalf of the administration, to inform you that we have been assured that the following cri- teria and practices will hence- forth govern emigration from the USSR." Kissinger listed six points. They were: 1. "Punitive actions against individuals seeking to emigrate from the USSR would be viola- tions of Soviet laws and regula- lions and will therefore not be permitted. 2. "No unreasonable or unlaw- ful impediments will be placed in the way of persons desiring to make application for emigra- tion. li. "Applications for emlgra- ion will be processed in order of receipt, including those pre- viously filed, and on a non- discriminatory basis as regards the place of residence, race, religion, national origin and professional status of the appli- cant." 4. "Hardship cases will be iroccsscd sympathetically and cxpeditiously.. 5. "The collection of the so- called emigration tax on emi- granls which was suspended ast year will remain suspend- In a joint communique report- ed." ed here by the agency, called for seating the Pales- tine Liberation Organization at any future Geneva peace talks as a full participant. er s "With respect to all the woman identified later as Lois Novak, -tfl, of 31fi Sixth street SE, put groceries into the trunk of a 1072 Lincoln Continental, then suddenly jump into Ihe driver's seat beside her mother, Rulh II. lioozc, 81, of the same address. As Ihe car left Ihe parking lot, n man was observed in tlv back seat leaning over Ihe front peat. Put out Call Police put out a call to locale Ihe oar after the witness report- ed Ihe incident. A Cedar Rapids police officer (Continued: Col. 4.) threc-storv solar healing Preliminary (I e s i g n s have been approved board. The architectural firm nil Story, picture pago 10 Chicago is preparing final plans and specifications. High Priority Secor .said ho expects ground breaking for the new building lo NEW YORK evidence of cancer in her don! designnle Nelson Rocke-llymph nodes and chances ofr long-term survival are about percent. Her surgeon, Dr. Jerome Ur- an, said "she re aslically rapidly. He said she would probably be able to leave Ihe hospital in a week. Rockefeller said Mrs. Ford's surgery prompted his wife lo a she di.s- forcgoing points, we will be in a position to bring to the attention of the Soviet leadership indica- tions that we may have that these criteria and practices arc not being applied. Our repre- sentations will receive sym- pathetic consideration and re- sponse." Kissinger's letler made no munlion of the number of cmi- (Continued: Page 3, Col. 3.) purled progressing well Friday after a cancer operation similar In that performed three weeks ago on First Lady Betty Ford. "Mrs. Rockefeller had a very comfortable night and her con- dition is reported excellent." said n bulletin released by Memorial Sloan-Koltcrinj; Can- breast X-ray gave suspi- lake place during the current l'rr wm'rf academic year. w'ls lh co' l'rlwn Also high on the priority lisl (Continued: Pago 3, Col. but inconclusive advised Mrs. results. Rooke- Today's Index Comics Crossword Daily Record Heaths Editorial Features Farm Fliiiincial......... Marion Movies Society Sports Stale and-a-half hour operation Thurs- Hler, -18, lo outer the hospital j Television day. Further tosls led tol Want Ads Dooloiv, have .said (here surgery. ....21 21 .....3 r. in ....22 K 17-20 ....11 ..25-2'J
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