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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - October 8, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Free agents Editorial Page TuevJoy, October 8, 1 17 Punishments that fit BEFORE THE COURTS and congress go gung-ho (a far- fetched possibility at best) on Attorney General Saxbe's call for prison sentences to "white collar" crooks, a pause to let the light of reason shine on this a moment would be useful. Mr. Saxbe finds it galling that price-fixers (violating anti-trust laws) and tax evaders usually get gentler punishment than bur- glars, robbers and car thieves. The first type is "no better than" the second type, he claimed in a speech last week, and thus there is injustice in statistics such as this: In fiscal 1974, persons were sentenced for federal income tax fraud, but only 392 went to prison and only 94 of those got more than one year. And only five of 26 anti-trust violators wound up doing time for 30 days. Yet of auto-theft convictees, went to prison averaging a three-year sentence. Deplorably uneven treatment? Maybe so, but if the punishments show wide disparity, so do the Robbers hold up people, usual- ly at weapon-point, often hurting them physically, always with the threat of harm hanging heavy. Burglars enter premises to steal personal belongings, commonly with violence at least a threat in what, goes on. Car thieves, too, commit a personal affront, take something tangible from individu- als. The victims CAN get dam- aged physically thereby. Price fixers and tax dodgers don't hurt anybody's person, don't do vio- lence, don't threaten damage physically or mentally, but per- petrate an IMpersonal wrong. In sum, the "dollar value" of the price-fix tax-dodge crime may run much higher on the average than it does in rob-and-steal crime. But the danger and the real harm to people do not corre- spond between the two kinds of crime, and that is why the punish- ments don't either, as a rule. By arguing, in essence, that (he two have equal gravity and therefore should equate in punish- ments, Mr. Saxbe falls into a classic miscomparison of prunes and lemons. Similarly he appears to blur distinctions as to what the foremost purpose of incarceration is: To put the criminal away so he no longer can hurt others to protect the rest of us from harm until the felon finds persuasion Moderates in charge not to do it all again on getting out. Those considerations also differ drastically between the "white collar" felon and the steal- rob type. What counts for more than who may be "better than" whom, in seeing justice done, is what kinds of crime are worse than other kinds in how much harm they do to people and in how se- vere a danger they impose on those of us who do abide Ky Jaw. What congress should consider sooner than a five-year term for anti-trust lawbreakers is a surer way to see that criminals convict- ed of the same kind of crime however damaging it is more uniformly pay the same price. Bill Anderson WILLIAM B. ANDERSON, who preferred to be known as Bill, will be remembered as one of the leaders of West Branch who recognized many years ago the need for a wholehearted civic ef- fort to make the birthplace of Herbert Hoover, Iowa's only U.S. President, a national shrine. Along with others, lie started to work toward this laudable goal even before the late President completed his term in the White House in 1933. Little did they know then that President Hoover eventually would choose his home town over his beloved Stanford university in be the site of his presidential library. Today thai library occupies a conspicuous place in the tidy 33- acrc park that also contains the little cottage where President Hoover was born years ago and the graves where he and Mrs. Hoover are buried. The complex, probably the only one of its kind in the United States, embraces the life span of a great American and stands as tribute to the vision of Bill Anderson and other West Branch citizens who helped to make it possible. Bill Anderson died last Satur- day at 78 after a long and useful life. He not only headed various citizen organizations promoting the historic site but served also as West Branch's mayor for six years and as Cedar county Re- publican chairman for years. He was a native son of whom all lowans can justly be proud. ieform Demos lose By Rowland Evans and Robert Novak WASHINGTON The shrillness of reform demands by the Democrat- ic party's left wing can be explained by the now unmistakable fact that it has lost (he year-long battle to control the party's mid-term convention at Kansas City in December. That outcome is revealed in careful, private delegate analysis by the moder- ate Coalition for a Democratic Majority Previously far more pessimistic than Democratic National Chairman Robert Strauss about preventing a Kansas City recurrence of the 1972 Mi- ami Beach debacle. CDM now projects a moderate majority at Kansas City. The left also knows what looms at Kansas City. That explains reformist demands for concessions from Strauss in advance of the mid-term convention. The niost recent demands were made last week in a visit to Strauss by a delegation headed by Miles Kubin, Los Angeles industrialist and major fund-raiser for the McCiovern campaign. The meticulously prepared CDM i-uru-v shows 806 moderates, fi70 refor- mists, swing delegates and 32 loyal to Guv George Wallace. What's more, this bnj.ed on a highly pessimistic estimate if results in the delegate selection next 'nnnih in California caucuses: IDS refor- MiM- Ml moderates. H wing early successes in Mountain and Great Plains stales by McGovcrnite forces, CDM last June gloomily project- ed a virtual standoff at Kansas City 81 to 718 in favor of the moderates (with 125 swing delegates and 74 The big New York delegation is a principal reason for CDM's revised esti- mate. While the June projection gave reformists 71 to 70 edge in New York. CDM's analysis of the delegation actually elected in the Sept. Ill primary shows a 100 to 41 moderate advantage. A major reason: the gubernatorial nomination nf Rep. Hugh Carey, a moderate liberal expected lo generally follow the lead of Strauss and the moderates. But CDM tempers its enthusiasm. Even though the left will enter Kansas City with only 39 percent of the dele- gates, it will be more cohesive and better disciplined than the moderates. Moreov- er, the reformists will try hard to draw support from the 11 percent of "swing" delegates including 50 delegates from Ohio controlled by Gov. John .1. (iilligan and scores of Cniled Auto Workers dele- gales. Hard bargain urged in reconciling Cuba By William F. Buckley, jr. ONE is GREATLY moved by the Cuban Americans who see it coming, and are. heartsick at the prospect of it. They have much to learn from Yugoslav Americans, and Polish Americans, and Czechoslovak Americans whose gestures are reduced to an annual parade, and who are not even conspicuous in the ranks of those who demand a policy of firmness towards the Soviet Union. It is almost certain now that it is on- ly a matter of time before relations between the United Stales and Cuba are "normalized." Normalized is here de- fined as: we will desist from doing any- thing at all that is inconvenient to Cuba, and Cuba will continue to (jo exactly as Cuba desires to do with respect to us. and other countries in the hemisphere. To be sure, she may promise to stop "exporting" her revolution. There are those who will remember that Maxim Litvinov promised to stop doing thai, extending his hand on it to the country squire in the White House. The notion that the Soviet Union would actually disestablish its Comintern because Litvinov promised Roosevelt that it would, is the kind of thing one recounts as a joke at Leninist bars, after the third vodka. The most intensive ac- tivities of the Comintern followed the Litvinov pact and included the liquida- tion of Trotsky. It is true that the communists are influenced by reality, and the stock of Climber worth watching Rumsfeld: top-office timber? room left for compromise: the continu- ing, potentially destructive struggle over racial quotas in the Democratic parly By James Reston WASHINGTON The man lo watch in the Ford administration over the next few months is Donald "Rummy" Rumsfeld, the 42-year-old former U. S. ambassador to NATO, who has just taken over as the President's top staff coordinator at the White House. Top coordinators usually wind up on the bottom of the pile in this town, bill if anybody can bring order and new talent into the Ford administration. Rumsfeld will be in the slot lo do it. He will no! have the authority of II. R. Ilaldeman. or AI Ilaig, who were President Nixon's chiefs of staff ill the White Mouse hut Ford insisted on giving him a job he didn't want to lake, and is likely lo give him as much running room as he needs. The two men have beeii close for years. Rumsfeld served four terms in the bouse of representatives from the fash- ionable dislricl of Illinois, north of Chicago, and led the fight lo make Ford the Republican leader of the bouse. He was seriously considered by Ford, along with Nelson Rockefeller and Republican National Chairman George Bush, for nomination as vice-president after the resignation of Nixon. Rumsfeld also has strong support within the Re- publican party as one of the most attrac- tive and capable leaders-of the rising generation. He was off touring with his family in Italy in the last days of the Nixon ad- ministration and heard the news late. He called Washington and was asked by Ford lo fly immediately In Washington to help with the staffing of (he While House. At that time, bis advice was to move quickly to establish Ford's own men in the White House and (he cabinet. It was practical to give a sense of continuity for ;i short while, he suggested, but if tile Donald Rumsfeld President waited beyond the November election, it would be more difficult hi change and might oven give the impres- sion that Ford was merely presiding over the old Nixon team. The new President did not take his advice then, lie is coming under mcreas- ing criticism for mil moving faster Pro- sumably. Rumsfeld had some assurance that the waiting period is over and that he would be given the task of helping speed tilings up. It uill nol tic an easy jolt In the ear- ly days of the administration. Ford uas urged by some of his associates, ool by Rumsfeld, to give his administration ;i national character by selecting the best men he could find, regardless nf parlv According to this thesis, tic would a wider choice of talents lie could demonslralc thai, as a man .ippninlt'd rather than elected, anil conlirmed by a DcmiKTiilic congress, he uas determined In offer a country, sick nf politics, a substantially new iinnp.irtisaii admin- islralion Ford did not follow Mils advice, Ibcr Me lias shown a Iciiilcin in iurii in old friends. In keep nn main Xivni op. iioinlccs who c hiiir in around the While House, and to transfer other Nixon men from one .job to an- other. There is little in Rumsfeld's record! to suggest that he will be nonpartisan in his recommendations, lie started out in congress as a traditional conservative. His voting record in the house on New Frontier and ('.real Society social logisla-i lion followed the recommendations of the C. S. Chamber of Commerce 1011 percent i in I9H7. Like Ford, he has been in the forefront of his party's battles. Within ills party, however, he has shown considerable talent for change and for taking chances with his own career. He not only helped lead the revolt against the Republican nld guard ill the days of Charlie Ilalleck. but joined with Democrats in an assault on the seniority system, lie fought for campaign expendi- ture reform, urged the replacement of Ihe draft with a volunteer army, pro- posed the substitution of South Vietnam- ese soldiers for Americans against the wishes of Nixon, and left Ihe congress to lake over the administration of the embattled Office of Economic Opportuni- ty. In this job. he had the reputation of a tough and efficient administrator of a S2 billion budget, highly controversial within Ihe White House, where he clashed with 11. R. Ilaldeman and John Ehrlicbman in Irving to keep the poverty program going. In 1970. demonstrating his willing- ness to lake on the tough assignments, he became counselor lo Nixon and direc- tor of the Cost of Living Council. But his problems with Ilaldeman and Ehrlich- man persisted, and he asked for a for- eign posl and was named envoy to NATO in December of 1972. Tliis posl has greatly broadened his experience and widened his acquaint- ance with experts in Ihe diplomatic and military fields. It was his intention lo 1 resign from this posl and accept a uni- versity presidency or go back into the investment banking business when Ford persuaded him to return to the White House. His view is that this is not the ideal spot for an ambitious politician, and Rumsfeld is nothing if not ambitious. He is a handsome, athletic, cheerful man. a former captain of the wrestling .team at Princeton, and a naval flyer and flight instructor for 41 months from Mn4 lo 1957. So il would nol be a bad idea lo keep your eve on "Rummy." He could turn out lo be in the right place with the right credentials for much larger things in bis party. He will be only 44 in 197fi. ano! nobody knows al Ihis dale whether Ford will put politics ahead of his per- sonal responsibilities in the next pres- idential election. YorV Service People's forum Gas tax To the Editor: In this day of runaway inflation, we find Federal Energy administrator John Sawhill's gas lax recommendation border ng on the ridiculous. In his effort to conserve our energy he seems to have forgotten our inflation problems. As owners of a small business that covers an extensive area and is based almost entirely on service in the home, we can see clearly that the extra 211 to .'ill cents per gallon increase in gasoline would necessitate an increase in costs to iiur customers. Immediately we have caused additional inflation. Mow many other types of business, including clothing and food, are depend- ent on gasoline in some way? What do you imagine will happen In almost all retail prices in just a matter of days? Mr. Sawhill stated that if we didn't spend as much on gasoline we'd have more In spend on other things. We cer- tainly will. There has got to be a better way to conserve energy without adding to our inflationary situation. The liesl way. we believe, is to begin in our own homes and families. Turn down those thermo- stats and don't drive when yon can walk. If we don't, our government will. Mr and Mrs. .less W. Shannon Itoulc 1. Marion repeal! of section I4B of the Tan-Hartley act. I -see nothing wrong with requiring all employes to join a union if a majori- ty of the employes vote to be represent- ed by live union1. After all, those who get the henf fits of the union should pay for them. Howowr. 1 am going to vole for Riley anyway because he. at least, has the courage to take a stand on a controver- sial issue without beating around the hush. His opponent. Michael Blouin. on the other hand, repeatedly tried to avoid answering Hie repeal question.and even veteran reporter Frank Nye couldn't get Hlouin to make it clear where he really stands. Blouin has received financial support from many unions in the country who (thought he was a man of conviction. They, as well as the genera] public, are nnlitled to a yes or no answer on repealing section MB and doing away with Iowa's right to work law. We don't need any more "typical politicians" in congress. (1 am a .union member and a Democrat.) Richard Steinke ISfil Eighth avenue SE Ineffectual Handling To the Kdilor To the Editor. am interested! as lo what purpose the Citizens Comir.iittee on Alcoholism and Drug Abuse serves. I personally have reason to doubV the sincerity of the counselors or the usefulness of Ibis organization. Cuban communism is riding pretty low in Latin America. After 15 years of Cuban communism, sugar is rationed. It reminds one of the hard observation about what would happenjf the commun- ists took over the Sahara desert. Answer: Nothing for 51) years. Then there would be a shortage of sand. There is a shortage of everything in Cuba except bombast. Particularly there is a shortage of human freedom. The emigration from Cuba matches (hat from any country in the history of the century. And it is these men and women, who were promised by President Kennedy at a hlubbery session in Miami in 1963 that one day their country would lie free again, who feel now the anticipatory pain, the needle of the diplomatic punc- tilio that will officially shatter their dreams. But one does wonder whether there is anyone in the Ford administration working on a quid pro quo? For instance: 1. There are thousands upon thou- sands of Cubans who are now United States citizens, who would like to visit their relatives in Cuba. These are Amer- icans by law. But in many cases, the Cuban government, through a variety of representatives, has said that it does not recognize their foreign citizenship. That they are guilty of crimes against Cuba, and subject to arrest if they come in to Cuba. Here, surely, the United Stales should he unbending. If we have rela- tions with Cuba of a normal kind, we cannot expect that Cuba would entertain firebrand revolu'ionaries going over there with the dark purpose of introduc- ing a little freedom into Cuba. But we should insisl on de jure recognition of (he fact of U. S. citizenship if granted to a former Cuban national. 2. The investments in Cuba of American individuals and American companies are substantially lost, written off. But a gesture is in order. Such a gesture might be devised from a special sugar price, calculated to return lo these companies at leasl a parl of the value of (heir confiscated investments. 3. There is no reason, at a moment when we are withholding "most favored nation" privileges from the Soviet Union because of its restrictions in migration, lo fail to insist on symmetrical conces- sions by Castro Cuba. 11 is. as things stand, a capital offense lo attempt lo flee Cuba without a special license. Whether we won our point or not, surely a dramatization of it al the har- gaining table will on the one hand put pressure on Castro, and on the other, bring a sense of purpose, and relief, lo the Cuban Americans whose interests we have so neglectfully watched over during our long retreat from the Monroe Doc- trine. William F. Buckley, jr. I disagree with the stand that Tom A member of my'immediate family Riley itmk 3 on channel VS., against was arrested recently for intoxication and held in the tank until the next morning. Appearing in court, he was ordered to serve 30 days in the county jail, which was.suspended on the condi- tion he work with this alcoholism com- mittee for 90 days and stay very clean. His appeal bond was set at He attended three meetings to which he went with alcohol on his breath. He claims he was told by a lady counselor he didn't need to attend, as he certainly was no alcoholic. How do you judge this in three one-hour sessions? I think when you can't pass a bar without slopping, and this happens four or five days per week, and you forget your family limit you're so (irunk that all you can do is beat and threaten them, then if you're not already an alcoholic you're on your way to becoming a good one. Just maybe if this person had been made to continue these meetings it might have done some good. Now all he has is a broken home, a divorce which will soon be final and a beer bottle after 5. On top of this the taxpayers' money was wasted when he was arrested and taken to court because he never fulfilled the conditions he was given. If all alco- holics are men who drink loo much and are handled this way by this committee, then this, too, is a waste of our money which is needed elsewhere. I'm not belittling all the members of this group. 1 know Father George is very interested in this problem as prob- ably many more people in this commun- ity are. I definitely do think there should be home-and-hahil study of Iliese people when they are referred lo this committee, not .just the man's word. Margaret Mulholland H.imillnn sired SW
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