Cedar Rapids Gazette, September 20, 1974, Page 2

Cedar Rapids Gazette

September 20, 1974

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Issue date: Friday, September 20, 1974

Pages available: 56

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Publication name: Cedar Rapids Gazette

Location: Cedar Rapids, Iowa

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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - September 20, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather— Partly cloudy tonight and Saturday. Lows tonight, low 10s. Highs Saturday, KO to K5. (ttw fattier VOLUME 92 - NUMBER 254 ttpicb OhtjfWf CITY FINAL 15 CENTS CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA', FRIDAY. SEP! EMBER 20, 1974 PRICE RISE ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES Prosecutor: Probe Nixon Health Now WASHINGTON (AP) - Special Prosecutor Leon Jaworski Friday suggested to U.S. District Judge John Sirica that he conduct his own inquiry into whether Richard Nixon is healthy enough to testify at the Watergate cover-up trial. Both Jaworski and defendant John Ehrlichman have subpoenaed Nixon to appear at the trial, currently scheduled to begin Oct. I. Ehrlichman asked Sirica to postpone the trial until Nixon’s health improves. In response, Jaworski said Friday Sirica should call Nixoq’s attorney, Herbert Miller, and ask if Nixon “will appear at the trial.” “If Mr. Miller indicates that Mr. Nixon’s condition is such that he may be unable to appear,” Jaworski said, “the court could consider taking the customary step of appointing a team of medical experts to examine Mr. Nixon and report their findings to the court.” “Should End Matter” In a motion filed with Sirica, Jaworski said that, if the judge concludes Nixon would be able to appear, “that should end the matter.” On the other hand, Jaworski said, if Nixon is too ill to testify, a deposition might be taken outside the courtroom. The alternative way to handle the question of Nixon s health is wait and see if he appears in ref^wnse to the subpoenas, Jaworski said. It is extremely rare in criminal cases for testimony to be given in deposition form, because of the need for witnesses to be cross-examined by prosecution and defense lawyers in front of the jury. Served Jaworski’s subpoena was served by FBI agents at Nixon’s San Clemente, Calif., estate Thursday. Nixon, meanwhile, issued a claim of executive privilege in a move to keep his tape recordings from use in two civil suits stemming from the Watergate breakin. Ehrlichman is seeking Nixon’s testimony on the alleged coverup. but the defense is unlikely to begin its case until late October or November. Jaworski needs Nixon’s testimony early in the trial, sources familiar with the case said on Thursday. The prosecutors need the former President to authenticate more than 30 White House tapes which they plan to play for the jury. The tapes include many conversations between Nixon and cover-up defendants. Testify To Accuracy Before the tapes can be admitted as evidence, someone must testify to their accuracy as recordings of real conversations. According to two lawyers not directly involved in the trial. in past criminal trials the only persons who can do that are those who joined in the conversations or at least were present when they took place. In addition, lawyers say Nixon is probably the only one who can testify whether the tapes were tampered with in (Continued: Page 3. Col 6 ) Ford Details $20 Billion in Budget Cuts Gazette Leased Wires WASHINGTON - President Ford, acting under a new budget and impoundment control law, asked congress Friday to defer or rescind $20.3 billion in federal budget authority as an essential step for reducing spending and holding down inflation. In a message to congress, the President said this was the first of a series of deferrals and proposed reckons he will propose. Budget Director Roy Ash told reporters Thursday that another request for cuts or delays in spending of $4 billion will be sent to congress in the next few days. He said the two requests totaling about $24 billion will cover some IOO budget items. Virtually all of the initial actions were anticipated in the fiscal year 1975 budget sent to congress by former President Nixon, Ford said. Fiscal year 11975 began July I. Long-Range Effects The release of these funds now. the White House said in a fact sheet, would increase government spending by about $600 million in fiscal 1975, by morel than $2 billion in fiscal 1976 and! by even larger amounts in fiscal | 1977 and beyond. Some of the authorizations in-1 volved call for continuous; spending in future years beyond the 1975 budget. “Budgetery restraint remains a crucial factor in our efforts to bring inflation under control,” the President said in the mes-l sage. “In today’s environment we) cannot allow’ excess federal spending to stimulate demand in a way that exerts further: pressures on prices,” he added. I Interstate Pileup Otis Dickson, 54, was killed late Wednesday in Memphis rush-hour traffic on Interstate 55 when a dump truck involved in a chain collision rolled over the roof of his car. Five vehicles were involved in the pileup, which began when a tractor-trailer rig crashed into the rear of the dump truck See 13.5°/o Rise in Milk Price Floor .. is Proposed Mileage on Better 1975s Admits She Set Fire in Nursing Home Fatal to 7 Burns Sees No Further Tightening WASHINGTON (AP) - Chairman Arthur Bums of the Federal Reserve Board said Friday there would be no further tightening of monetary policy that has led to record high interest rates. “It would be undesirable to further intensify monetary restraint,” Burns said. However, he said there probably will not be a major decline in interest rates — although some small decline is possible — in the immediate future. He gave the news on interest rates to a group of about 60 of the nation’s financial leaders attending one of President Ford’s presummit meetings on the economy. Burns noted that some short term interest rates already have declined somewhat and indicated that interest rates on home mortgages also could follow although they “traditionally lag behind market rates.” “No Credit Crunch” But despite the easing of intest rates, Bums said the board’s policy of “moderate monetary restraint remains appropriate.” He noted, however, that the Federal Reserve’s monetary policies have not stemmed the increase in the growth of the supply of money and credit, and that this growth will continue. ‘ The Federal Reserve will see to it that the supply of money and credit continues to Spendable Pay Least Since 1970 WASHINGTON (AP) - Consumer prices soared 1.3 percent in August as sharp increases in costs of meats, clothing, mortgage interest and medical services led the biggest inflationary surge of the past 12 months, the government reported Friday. The leap in retail prices, which works out to an adjusted annual rate of 15 6 percent, was foreshadowed by near record wholesale price increases over the past two months and virtually assures continued high inflation through 1974. The August increase was the largest since a 19 percent increase in August 1973. President Ford’s top economic advisers had said Thursday that the economy would remain sluggish at least through mid-1975 with no foreseeable relief in inflation expected in the next six to nine months. 11.2 Percent for Year The August increase lifted consumer prices 11.2 percent above a year ago and further eroded the buying power of American workers. Real spendable earnings — that is, take-home pay after deductions for taxes and adjusted for inflation — fell 0.9 per-expandBums said. “There i cent last month to a level 4.1 * will be no credit crunch in our percent below a year ago, the country.”    labor department said. That But Burns also stressed there .was the lowest level since De- unless the government itself does so.” Deferrals The deferrals, totaling $19 841 wagons or big-enginc cars plus|po|icc Thursday (ha, she sc, a the Cadillac Fleetwood 75 - all „ursjng home fire ,hat kjl|e(J of which got only 14 miles per „ven norsnna    of a WASHINGTON (AP)    - The! WASHINGTON (AP) -    The “And    we    cannot    expect    others (agriculture department    Friday iF.nvirnnmpntal Proton t    inn to exercise necessary restraint proposed a tjoost of up to 13 per-    Agency    said    Friday    that 1975 ..nUco thn nnvnmmnnt itcoif    . ,    Agene}    sam    rriudy    tnai ......—     seven    persons cent in minimum prices paid;cars wiu get aboul 135 percent gallon.    grudge    against the owners. re/™?'aCC tiT beHer    mileage,    an    the    EPA    Administrator    Russell:    Debbie    Withrow, an attendant bottling under federal    market- aerage .than 1974 models.    Train    said    the test figures are the    Shildknecht    private billion,    include    the    following Iing orders-    The improvement, not distrib-    not    guarantees.    boarding    home,    was    charged major areas:    j    Officials    said    1he proposal was' uteci evenly among manufac- ‘‘They are estimates, the best with first degree murder. $9 billion in grants for waste °^?.rc^.ats a    ^an.    turers, was attributed generally estimates that can be made Detective Inspector Leo treatment plants construction, |C»aiiy-aisiressea dairy iarmers    engine    modifica-    from    carpful    laboratory    tests!80*1011    said had 1)0011 a which Ford said would be who say rifting costs are threat-,    0 ran8° of engine    moditicai    from    careful    laboratory Jests prime suspect since the fire ear- ■ highly inflationary, partial-'"tag •« drive them out of bus.- 'tons adopted rn connection with and statistical analysis, he ^ lhis ^nlh Al first shc ^ lady in view of the rapid rise ness-    new mode*s re(luirec* ant*’ said.    {it was accidental, but she ad- t will not be a “long and lasting ST. JOSEPH, Mo. (UPI) —- A decline in interest rates” until 22-year-old woman admitted to j there is help for the Federal; labor department said Americans paid more for nearly ev- cember, 1970. Detailing its price report, the (Continued: Page 3, Col. 5.) in nonfederal spending for poilu-! A hearing will be held Od. 8 pollution systems tion control.” He said some of in Rosemont, 111., near Chicago.) Over-all nationwide savings of Lumped Together allotted on or prior to Feb. I, 11975. $1.4 billion In federal highway aid for fiscal 1975 and $6 4 billion for fiscal 1976. $10 million for seven pro- the funds now deferred will bed# Bather comments from Pr»-jgasoline, however, were expect- aJ^,1“^ ducers, dealers and consumers, .wj to be little lower because of    togetner,    from    nest to the dPDartment said    .    !    !    Decause    WQrst rather than presenting the depertment said    unanticipated    increase    in sales ,he ^ and , jn h The proposal mvolves a for-‘of large cars.    we| h( c|ass Laf, . M „ mala used to compute minimum, EPA reported the best fuel    wej*ht dass pr/mpted com? prices which must be paid farm- mileage performance was by    plal„ts from some automakers ^    thi.• • - „,|erU" aT lu;d,mllk‘"ai 'he Datat B-210. which rolled    who said thoir tars wcrc being grams under the department of nation s 61 marketing orders    Up 27    miles per gallon in    simu- health, education and welfare, areas. Those produce about 60    jatecj    cjjy    <jrjVjng an(j 39    miles These funds are being deferred percent or the total milk supply. ganon m simulated highway weight pending final decisions on HEW officials said the proposed in-    driving in    the EPA tests, funding levels for 1975, now crease reiates onjy to Class I    A„    the    top 10 were    smal| under consideration.    milk and not other grades used foreign cars Outright Cuts • for manufacture of dairy prod-    , lief*? Ford also asked congress to,    ’    economical    mileage    for    city completely revoke the budget    ”    driving, according to the EPA, authority for $456 million origi-i    Review    Ordered    are a Ford station wagon and a nally provided for rural elec-i MANILA (AP) — President Lincoln-Mercury station wagon, trification and telephone loans \jarc06 Friday he has or- b0**1 °f which got only mitted the arson after a tour of the ruins with detectives. Miss Withrow told Schott she set the fire because of a “difference of opinion” with Mr. and Mrs. William Shildknecht, the owners Ford Cuts Tax Return Access WASHINGTON (AP) - President Ford Friday ordered a sharp curtailment of access to federal tax returns by White House officials. At the same time, he sent a memo to heads of departments and agencies demanding that laws intended to keep the civil service system out of politics be “fully and effectively carried out.” In an executive order, Ford erything last month with few exceptions. Among them were lower prices for fresh vegetables, fish and some non-food items, including gasoline which declined for the first time since last September. Food prices were reported up 1.4 percent in August following a decline of 0.4 percent the previous month. The cost of services rose 1.1 percent about the same as in the three previous months. Largest Ever Commodities other than food — regarded by most economists as a more sensitive barometer of inflation — rose 1.5 percent __________ (imposed the requirement that Schott eaid Miss W’ithrow, a only he can direct disclosure oU*ast mont*U the largest increase former patient at the St. Joseph any tax return to a member of on    The    government said state hospital, also admitted set- his staff, and that he must des co rn p a r ed unfavorably with!*.ng f°urother fireS in the last ignate in writing the staff others solely on the basis of jg rnonths.    member authorized to see the Six elderly women and the (return on his behalf. Shildknecht’s 11-year-old son! There were reports Ford undied in the flames that flashed through the nursing home Sept. 9. The testing procedures, however, are still the subject of controversy. The mileage figures will appear on stickers which most au-t o rn a k e r s have voluntarily agreed to place on new cars. The figures can be listed in one of two ways -— either an derscored support for the nonpolitical nature of the career civil service in a move to prevent key political holdovers the big rise was due mostly to higher clothing prices, which usually decline in August. The Consumer Price Index reached 150.2 — meaning that goods and services that cost $10 in 1967, cost $15.02 in August. The jump signaled a half billion dollar increase in pension Today'* Chuckle The best way to leave the from the Nixon administration benefits for federal government I from using political influence to retirees and military personnel I win government career jobs, j whose retirement, benefits are “Appointments and promo- adjusted to account for nine at a 2 percent interest rate. ■ dered martial law authorities to mdes a Salton.    average for the weight class as stock market with a small for-! tions in the career service must creases in the cost of living. Ford said the law providing j revjew cases of all persons The bottom of the list for a whole or for the individual tune is to enter it with a large not be made on the basis of ei-l - for these loans in cases of spe-b e j n g    without    formal    highway    driving    economy    was    model as determined by the one.    coovhom    i ther politics, race, creed or . .    # (Continued: Page 3, Col. 3.) charge.    (shared    by    IO    cars    —    nine    Ford    test.    ,    sex,’’Ford said.    HurNCcin© in- Local Deserter Finds Confusion in Clemency Today s Index Comics ....... 19 Crossword .......... ..... 19 Daily Record ...... 3 Deaths 3 Editorial Features ........ 6 Farm ..... It Financial ....... ...... 20 Marion ______ 5 Movies 12.13 Society IO Sports .... IMI State 7 Television .. ..... 8 Want Ads ..... 23-27 By Judy Daubenmier It may be difficult for some draft evaders or deserters to give themselves up under President Ford's clemency program even if they wanted to, primarily because of confusion over how to go about it. Few people in Cedar Rapids know where to go or who to talk to about the program. In a series of telephone calls ; to various federal agencies in Cedar Rapids Thursday, The Gazette was told draft evaders or deserters could: Turn themselves in to a federal marshal: Call the selective service board: Contact the U.S. attorney’s office for the district which they are from; Call a special number for the service from which they deserted. Disregard the first two suggestions. Young Man The inquiries were made on the behalf of the young man who had deserted from the army after a year in the service rather than be sent to Vietnam. Bruce Taylor, 2126 North Towne place NE, contacted The Gazette after spending two and a half hours on the telephone and getting nowhere. He said a buddy of his had asked him to find out more information about the clemency program. The friend had been living in Canada, but was in Cedar Rapids when the clemency program was announced by President Ford. Taylor had called the offices of Iowa Gov. Robert Ray, Sen. Dick Clark and Congressman John Culver without being able to get any answers. “He isn’t going to turn himself in until he knows more about the program.” Taylor isaid of his friend. “He wants to know more about what kind of job he’d be required to work in. ‘No Jail’ 1 “He doesn’t want to turn himself in and land in jail. Who does he turn himself into? The Veterans administration? 'rho sheriff? “I don’t know what to tell the guy,” Taylor said. Personnel at the U.S. army recruiting station in Cedar Rapids suggested deserters or draft evaders “turn themselves in to a federal marshal. As far I as we know,” said a spokesman, “there’s no specific point in Cedar Rapids where they can turn themselves in. We don’t want to even talk to them.” The federal marshal’s office had different advice. ‘Seems to Me’ “It seems to me, weren’t they supposed to contact their selective service board, or the U.S. attorney’s office in their district? Try (lie selective service board.” The selective service board passed the ball to the U.S. attorney’s office Sen. Clark’s Cedar Rapids office suggested calling one of several numbers released by the White House earlier in the week and published in newspapers. According to the switchboard at the federal building in Cedar Rapids, draft evaders or deserters may call the U.S. attorney’s office in Sioux City or Waterloo. The Sioux City number is 712-252-4161, while the Waterloo number is 319-232-6403. U.S. Atty. Evan Hultman said those numbers are correct, but added they may call the federal building in Des Moines, also. Hultman Explains He explained that his office will ultimately work with only) one type of person involved in (the clemency program — those who have never been in the mil-iitary. Persons who were in the military and deserted will ultimately be handled by the military ; service from which they deserted. Such persons may call ei ther Hultman or the appropriate number released by the White House. Those numbers are: Navy: 202-694-2007 or 202-694-1936; Marine Corps: 202-694-8526; Army: 317-542-3417; Air Force: 512-652-4104; Coast Guard: 202-426-1830. The third category of persons includes those who have been charged with either evasion or desertion and had been tried and sentenced in a military or civilian court. These persons will eventually be handled by the clemency board, but may call Hultman to find out about the program or turn themselves in. “In all cases, I will handle the (Continued: Page 3, Col. 3.) Relief Sped TEGUCIGALPA, Honduras (UPI) — International relief teams rushed to Central America Friday to aid victims of Hurricane Fifi. A Red Cross spokesman said reports from Honduras put the toll in the coastal village of La I Ceiba at IOO persons killed and another IOO “missing and probably dead.” The Honduran armed forces reported lack of communication with most areas hit and said the toll could go higher. Fifi weakened Friday slowing to a tropical storm. The National Hurricane Center in Miami reported it over North Central Guatemala, heading west into southern Mexico. The U S. Embassy in Tegucigalpa, capital of Honduras, sent (out urgent messages to determine the fate of some BO Peace (Corps workers trapped along I the Caribbean coast. ;

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