Cedar Rapids Gazette, September 20, 1974

Cedar Rapids Gazette

September 20, 1974

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Issue date: Friday, September 20, 1974

Pages available: 56

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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - September 20, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather- I'artly cloudy tonight mid Saturday. Lows to- night, ION 40s. Highs Siiliinluy, SO to (15. VOLUME 92 NUMBER 254 CITY FINAL 15 CENTS CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 20, 1974 ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES _ WASHINGTON (AP) Spe cial Prosecutor Leon Jaworsk Friday suggested to U.S. Dis trict Judge John Sirica that he conduct his own inquiry into whether Richard Nixon healthy enough to testify at the Watergate cover-up trial. Both Jaworski and defendan John Ehrlichman have sub- poenaed Nixon to appear at the trial, currently scheduled to begin Oct. 1. Ehrlichman asked Sirica to postpone the trial until Nixon's health improves. In response Jaworski said Friday Sirica should call Nixon's attorney Herbert Miller, and ask if Nixon "will appear at the trial." "If Mr. Miller indicates that Mr. Nixon's condition is such that he may be unable to ap- Jaworski said, "the court could consider taking the customary step of appointing a team of medical experts to ex- amine Mr. Nixon and report their findings to the court.1 "Should End Matter' In a motion filed with Sirica, Jaworski said that, if the judge concludes Nixon would be able to appear, should end the matter." On the other hand, Jaworski said, if Nixon is too ill to testify, a deposition might be taken out- side the courtroom. The alternative way lo handle the question of Nixon's health is wait and see if he appears in response to the subpoenas, Ja- worski said. It is extremely rare in crimi- nal cases for testimony to be given in deposition form, be- cause of the need for witnesses to be cross-examined by prose- cution and defense lawyers in front of the jury. Served Jaworski's subpoena was served by FBI agents at Nixon's San CIcmentc, Calif., estate Thursday. Nixon, meanwhile, issued claim of executive privilege in a move to keep his tape record ings from use in two civil suits stemming from the Watergate breakin. Ehrlichman is seeking Nixon's testimony on the alleged cover up, but the defense is unlikely to begin its case until late October or November. Jaworski needs Nixon's testi mony early in the trial, sources familiar with the case said on Thursday. The prosecutors need the Ford Details i A D 11 Billion in Budget Cuts Gazette Leased Wires WASHINGTON Presiden Ford, acting under a new budg et and impoundment contro law, asked congress Friday t defer or rescind billion i. federal budget authority as a essential step for reducin ipending and holding down in flation. In a message to congress, th President said this was the firs of a series of deferrals an proposed recisions he will pro lose. Budget Director Roy Ash toll reporters Thursday that anothe request for cuts or delays spending of billion will b sent to congress in the next days. He said the two request totaling about billion v cover some 100 budget items. Virtually all of the initial ac .ions were anticipated in the fis cal year 1975 budget sent t: congress by former Presiden fixon, Ford said. Fiscal yea: 975 began July 1. Long-Raugc Effects The release of these funds now, the White House said in a act sheet, would increase gov ernment spending by about nillion in fiscal 1975, by mor< han billion in fiscal 197C am iy even larger amounts in fisca 977 and beyond. Some of the authorizations in call for continuous .pending in future years beyoni he 1975 budget. "Budgetary restraint remains i crucial factor in our efforts li iring inflation under lie President said in the mes age. "In today's environment wt annot allow excess federa pending lo stimulate demanc i a way that exerts furthei ressures on he added. "And we cannot expect others lo exercise necessary restraint unless the government itself does so." Deferrals former President to authenticate more lhan 30 While House tapes which they plan to play for the jury. The tapes include many conversations between Nixon and cover-up dcfendanls. Testify To Accuracy Before the tapes can be ad- mitted as evidence, someone must testify to their accuracy as recordings of real conversa- tions. According to two lawyers not directly involved in the trial, in past criminal trials the only persons who can do that arc (hose who joined in the conver- sations or at least were present when they look place. In addition, lawyers say Nixon is probably Ihe only one who can testify whether the tapes were tampered with in (Continued: Page 3, Col. 0.) The deferrals, lotaling billion, include the following major areas: billion in grants for waste treatment plants construction, which Ford said would be "highly inflationary, particu- larly in view of the rapid rise in nonfederal spending for pollu- tion control." He said some of the funds now deferred will be allotted on or prior to Feb. 1, 1975. billion in federal highway aid for fiscal 1975 and bil- lion for fiscal 1976. million, for, sc'ven. pro- grams under the department of health, education and welfare. These funds are being deferred pending final decisions on HEW funding levels for 1975, now under consideration. Outright Cuts Ford also asked congress to completely revoke the budget authority for million origi- nally provided for rural elec- trification and telephone loans at a 2 percent interest rale. Ford said the law providing for these loans in cases of spe- Infersfafe Pileup Wlrcphoto Otis Dickson, 54, was killed late Wednesday in Memphis rush-hour traffic on Interstate 55 when a dump truck involved in a chain collision rolled ove r the roof of his car. Five vehicles were involved in the pileup, which began when a tractor-trailer rig crashed into the rear of the dump truck. Rise in Milk Price Floor Is Proposed WASHINGTON (AP) The griculture department Friday iroposed a boost of up lo 13 pcr- ent in minimum prices pak armors for milk produced for ottling under federal market- ng orders. Officials said Ihe proposal was ffered as a way lo help finan- ially-distresscd dairy farmers vho say rising costs are llireat- ning lo drive them out of busi- 2SS. A hearing will bc'held Oct. 8 n Roscmont, 111., near Chicago, o gather comments from pro- ucers, dealers and consumers, he department said. Tlie proposal involves a for- lula used to compute minimum rices which must be paid farm- rs for Class I fluid milk in the ation's 61 marketing orders reas. Those produce about 60 ercent of the total milk supply. Officials said the proposed in- rease relates only to Class I lilk and not other grades used r manufacture of dairy prod- els. Review Ordered MANILA (AP) President [arcos said Friday he has or- cred martial law authorities lo cview the cases of all persons See 13.5% Better Mileage on 1975s WASHINGTON (AP) The Environmental Protection Agency said Friday that 1975 cars will get about 13.5 percent better gasoline mileage, on the average, than 1974. models. The improvement, not dislrib- uled evenly among manufac- turers, was attributed generally to a range of engine modifica- tions adopted in connection with the new models' required anti- pollulion systems. Over-all nationwide Ravings of gasoline, however, were expect- ed to be little lower because of an anticipated increase in sales of large cars. EPA reported Ihe best fuel mileage performance was by the Datsun B-210, which rolled up 27 miles per gallon in simu- lated city driving and 39 miles per gallon in simulated highway driving in the EPA tests. All the top 10 were small foreign cars. The cars that get the least economical mileage for city driving, according to the EPA, are a Ford station wagon and a -incoln-Mercury station wagon, )oth of which got only nine niles a gallon. The bottom wagons or big-engine cars plus the Cadillac Fleetwood 75 all of which got only 14 miles per gallon. EPA Administrator Russell Train said the test figures arc not guarantees. "They are estimates, the best estimates that can be made from careful laboratory tests and statistical he said. Lumped Together The EPA list this year lumped all cars together, from best to worst, rather than presenting Hie best and worst in each weight class. Last year's list by iveight class prompted com- plaints from some automakers who said their cars were being compared unfavorably with others solely on the basis of weight. The testing procedures, how- ever, are still the subject of con- rovcrsy. The mileage figures will ap- icar on stickers which most au- o m a k e r s have voluntarily agreed to place on new cars. The figures can be listed in one ways either an ivcragc for Ihe weight class as Admits She Set Fire in Nursing Home Fata I to 7 ST. JOSEPH, Mo. (UPI) A 22-year-old woman admitled to police Thursday that she set a nursing home fire lhat killec seven persons because of a grudge against the owners. Debbie Wilhrow, an altendanl a t the Shildknccht private boarding home, was charge: with first degree murder. Detective Inspector Leo Schott said had been a prime suspect since the fire ear- lier this month. At first she said it was accidental, but she ad- milled the arson after a tour of the ruins with delectives. Miss Wilhrow told Schott she set the fire because of a "dif- ference of opinion" with Mr. and Mrs. William Shildknccht, the owners. Schott said Miss Wilhrow, a former patient at Ihe St. Joseph stale hospital, also admitted set- .ing four other fires in the last 16 months. Six elderly women and the Shildknecht's 11-year-old son died in the flames that flashed hrough the nursing home Sept. 0. Today's Chuckle The best way to leave the slock market with a small for- .une is to enter it with a iarge Burns Sees No Further Tightening WASHINGTON (AP) Chair- man Arthur Burns of the Fed- eral Reserve Board said Fri- day there would be no further tightening of monetary policy that has led to record high in- terest rates. "It would "be undesirable to further intensify monetary re- Burns said. However, he said there probably will not be a major decline in interest rates al- though some small decline is possible in the immediate future. He gave the news on interest rates to a group of about 60 of .he nation's financial leaders at- tending one of President Ford's aresummit meetings on the economy. Burns noted that some short- term interest rates already have declined somewhat and in- dicated that interest rates on iome mortgages also could fol- low although they "traditionally lag behind market rales." "No Credit Crunch" But despite the easing of in- test rates, Burns said the board's policy of "moderate monetary restraint remains propriate." He noted, however, that the Federal Reserve's monetary po- licies have not stemmed the increase in the growth of the supply of money and credit, and thai this growth will continue. "The Federal Reserve will see lo it that the supply of money and credit continues to Burns said. "There will he no credit crunch in ou: country." But Burns also stressed then will not be a "long and lastinj decline in interest rates" unt: there is help for the Federa (Continued: Page 3, Col. 5.) WASHINGTON (AP) Pres ident Ford Friday ordered sharp curtailment of access t federal tax returns by Whit House officials. At the same lime, he sent a memo to heads of departments and agencies demanding tha aws intended to keep the civi service system out of politics be "fully and effectively carriec 3Ut." In an executive order, Fore mposed the requirement thai only he can direct disclosure ol any tax return to a member ol lis staff, and that he must dcs- gnate in writing the slaff nember authorized to see the return on his behalf. There were reports Ford un- derscored support for the non- political nature of the career civil service in a move to prc- 'ent key political holdovers rom the Nixon administration rom using political influence to vin government career jobs. "Appointments and promo- ions in the career service must tot be made on the basis of ei- nodel as determined by Ihe WASHINGTON (AP) Con- sumer prices soared 1.3 percent in August as sharp increases in costs of meats, clothing, mort- gage interest and medical ser- vices led the biggest infla- tionary surge of the past 12 months, the government report- ed Friday. The leap in retail prices, which works out to an adjusted annual rate of 15.6 percent, was foreshadowed by near record wholesale price increases over the past two months and virtual- ly assures continued high infla- tion through 1974. The August increase was the largest since a 1.9 percent in- crease in August 1973. President Ford's top economic advisers had said Thursday that the economy would remain slug- gish at least through mid-1975 with no foreseeable relief in inflation expected in the next six to nine months. 11.2 Percent for Year The August increase lifted consumer prices 11.2 percent above a year ago and further eroded the buying power of American workers. Real spendable earnings that is, take-home pay after deductions for taxes and adjust- ed for inflation fell 0.9 per- cent last montli to a level 4.1 percent, below a year ago, the labor department said. That was the lowest level since De- cember, 1970. Detailing its price report, the labor department said Ameri- cans paid more for nearly ev- erything last month with few exceptions. Among them were lower prices for fresh vegeta- bles, fish and some non-food items, .including gasoline which declined for the first time since last September. Food prices were reported up 1.4 percent in August following a decline of 0.4 percent the previous month. The cost of ser- vices rose 1.1 percent about the same as in the three previous months. Largest Ever Commodities other than food regarded by most economists as a more sensitive barometer of inflation rose 1.5 percent ast month, the largest increase on record. The government said he big rise was due mostly to ligher clothing prices, which usually decline in August. The Consumer Price Index 150.2 meaning that goods and services that cost n 1967, cost in August. The jump signaled a half bil- ion dollar increase in pension icncfits for federal government retirees and military personnel vhose retirement benefits are adjusted to account for in- reases in the cost of living. y Judy Daiibcnmier It may be difficult for some Iraft evaders or deserters to Jive themselves up under Prcs-igos 1Sl dent Ford's clemency program service from which they descri- ed. Disregard the first two sug- Today's Index Comics .....................19 Crossword ..................19 Daily Record ................3 Deaths ......................3 Editorial Features.......... 6 Farm ......II Financial 20 Movies Soeicly 10 Sports 15-18 jboard; State 7 Television............... 8 Want Ads ................2M7 even if they wanted to, primari- ly because of confusion over how lo go about it. Few people in Cedar Rapids know where lo go or who lo talk lo about the program. In a series of telephone calls lo various federal agencies in Cedar Rapids Thursday, The Gazelle was told draft evaders or deserters could: Turn themselves in lo a feder- al marshal; Call the Contact the U.S. attorney's of- fice for the district which Ihcy err from; Young Miin C.'ill a special number for Ford. The inquiries wore made on Ihe behalf of lire young man who had deserted from the army after a year in Hie service rather than be sent lo Vietnam. Bruce Taylor, 2126 North Towno place NE, contacted The Gazette after spending Iwo and a half hours on the telephone and gelling nowhere. He said a buddy of his had asked him lo find out more in-; formation about the clemency program. The friend had been living in Canada, but was in Cedar Rapids when Ihe clemency pro- gram was announced by Pres- Taylor had called the offices of Iowa Gov. Robert Ray, Sen. Dick Clark and Congressman John Culver without being able o any answers. "lie isn't going to turn him- self in until he knows more about Ihe Taylor said of his friend, "lie wauls lo know more aboul what kind of job he'd be required lo work in. 'No Jail1 "He doesn'l want to turn him- self In and land in jail. Who! docs he turn himself into? The as we said a spokesman, at the federal building in Cedar "there's no specific point in Rapids, draft evaders or de- Cedar Rapids where they can sorters may call the U.S. atlor- turn themselves in. We don'l'ncy's office' in Sioux City or Wa- want to even talk to them." ilcrloo. The federal marshal's office i The .Sioux City number is 712- J252-4161, while the Waterloo number is 319-232-6403. U.S. Ally. Evan Hullman said those numbers arc correct, but added Ihey may call the federal 'Seems to Me' "II .seems to me, weren't Ihcy supposed to contact their sclec- live service board, or Ihe U.S. attorney's office in their dis- Iricl? Try Ihe selective service Mard." The selective service building in DCS Moincs, also. Hiiltman Explains He explained that his office will ultimately work with only thor Hullman or Hie appropriate number released by the While House. Those numbers are: Navy; 202-691-2007 or 1936; Marine Corps: 202-694-8526; Army: 317-542-3417; Air Force: 512-652-4104; Coast Guard: 202-426-1830. The third category of persons includes those who have been charged with cilher evasion or Veterans administration? The jpassed the ball to the U.S. allor-ione type of person involved in the clemency program those "I don't know what lo tell the Taylor said. ncy's office. .Sen. Clark's Cedar Rapids of- fice suggested calling one of who have never been in the mil- itary. Persons who were in (he mili- rccruiting station in Cedarilhe While House earlier in Ihc'lary and deserted will ultimale- Pcrsonnel at the U.S. army several numbers released by Hurricane Relief Sped TEGUCIGALPA, Honduras UPI) International relief earns rushed to Central Amcri- a Friday to aid victims of Ilur- irane Fifi. A Red Cross spokesman said 202-694-j reports from Honduras put Ihe loll in the coastal village of Ui Ceiba at 100 persons killed and another 100 "missing and proba- bly dead." The Ilonduran armed forces rcporlod lack of communication with most areas hit and said the loll could go higher. Fifi weakened Friday slowing desertion and had been tried lo a tropical storm. The Nfl- and sentenced in a military or Center in civilian Miami rcporlod it over North civilian court. These persons will eventually handled by Ihe clemency but may call Hullman lo Central eporlo Giialcrnala, heading west inlo southern Mexico. The U.S. Embassy in Toguci- find out about Hie program or K'llni1' ei'Pilal of ser.t Rapids .suggested deserters or; week and published in newspa-Jy be. handled by the military] draft evaders "turn service from which they desert-' in to a federal marshal. As far] According to Ihe switchboard cd. .Such persons may call ei- I turn themselves in. -out urgent messages lo deler- "In all cases, I will handle theimilu; "f Mimft 80 i Corps workers trapped along (Continued: Page 3, Col. j Hie Caribbean coasl. ;