Monday, September 16, 1974

Cedar Rapids Gazette

Location: Cedar Rapids, Iowa

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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - September 16, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather- l''iiir limiglit mill TIICS- liny wllli lows tonight 55. TIICS- iliiy, upper 70s. VOLUME FINAL CITY 15 CENTS CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 10, 1974 ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES 'I'll E HAGUE, Netherlands 'AIM Japanese terrorists early Monday released two women Ihcy had been holding hostage in the French embassy since Friday afternoon. There were reports that an agreement to free the nine men still hold captive might be near. A police spokesman said the release ol the two 22-year-old women was the result of negoli- alions between the three terror- ists and the Dutch justice min- istry. Imminent Deal? lie described the move as a significant step, but he refused to confirm or deny reports from diplomatic sources that a deal lor the remaining hostages was imminent. The two women, Bcrnadine Gcerling, the embassy tele- phone operator, and Joyce F1 e u i', Ambassador Jacques Senard's secretary, were taken away in ambulances. They were reported in "favorable condition considering the circumstances." A police spokesman said the women reported that the terror- ists had not mistreated any of I he hostages. A government spokesman said the terrorists had asked for food and cigarcls. They were given carious of tomato soup, cheese .sandwiches and soft drinks. In Paris, French Foreign Min- i s I cr Jean Sauvagnargues raised careful hopes for a blood- less solution of the case while talking to newsmen after his meeting on the issue with Pres- ident Valcry discard D'Estaing. "1 think the affair is taking a very positive Sauvagnar- gues said. He refused to give fur- ther details. "Uncertain Factors" Dutch Premier Joop den Uyl said in a television interview "there are so many uncertain (Continued: Page's, Col. 8.) BRUSSELS (UP1) The North Atlantic Treaty Organiza- tion Monday named White House Chief of Staff Gen. Alex- ander Haig as the alliance's supreme allied commander ef- fective Dec. 15, at President Ford's request, a NATO spokes- man said. (Earlier slory on Page II.) Mary Smith Elected GOP Ch a i r man Gazelle Leased Wires WASHINGTON-Acting at the request of President Ford, the Republican National committee Monday unanimously elected Mary Louise Smith of Iowa as its first woman chairman. Mrs. Smith, who will be 60 on Oct. G, had been GOP co-chair- man since last February. She succeeds George Bush, who lias been nominated to head the U.S. mission in Peking. Ford was to address the com- mittee at a luncheon and the GOP leaders also were to get a Mary Louise Smith chance to meet with Vice-presi- dent-designate Nelson A. Rocke- feller. In an acceptance speech, Mrs. Smith called on the Republican party "to come to grips with the shape noting that GOP registration is Hown and that the number of party office- holders has declined in too many areas. The reason for the decline, she added, is that "either we're.be- ing out-organized or we're being out-sold. I suspect it's a little of both." She made no mention of the possible political impact of tor- Tier President Richard M. Nix1 on and the Watergate scandals. Mrs. Smith said the new Rc- mblican Ford-Rockefeller team can move the nation forward anc said that the Democrats "arc 'ast becoming Ihe party of the jast a rudderless ship fillcc with desultory politicians dreary, divisive, dreaming ol jasl glories." When Ford announced Mrs, Smith's appointment several veeks ago, there was some grumbling from within the party ibout his 'failure to consult with GOP leaders. But none of thai vas voiced at the hastily called lational committee meeting aft- er Bush, in liis farewell speech, emphasized that the President vas the head of the party. Mrs. Smith, who has been Rc- iiiblican national committee- woman from Iowa since 1964 i formally nominated 'by Iowa's state GOP Chairman John McDonald. McDonald called her "a skilled diplomat" and a "tough bar- nor" and declared that "hei WASHINGTON (AP) Pres-j ident Ford proclaimed a clem- ency program Monday for thou- sands of Vietnam war deserters and draft resistors "in furth- erance of our national commit- ment to justice and mercy." A key feature of the program would require deserters and draft evaders to spend up to 24 months in low-paying jobs judged to promote the "national health, safety or interest." There would be no minimum time period for "alternate ser- vice jobs." Ford said the period of alter- native service may be reduced to less than the proposed 24 months by the attorney general, the secretaries of the armed services or the transportation secretary, who has jurisdiction day grace period after re-enter- ing the country before they would have to report to appropri- ate authorities. All participants in Ihe pro- gram would have to acknowl- edge allegiance to the U. S. 1 Prosecution Those who shun the program or do not satisfactorily complete News Conference WASHINGTON (AP) Presi- dent Ford will hold a news con- ference to be broadcast on tele- vision and radio at 7 p.m. CDT Monday, a spokesman said. their part of the clemency offer would be subiect to prosecution. Ford, in his move, AMNESTY BRIEFING Ford listens to House Speaker Carl Albert (D-Okla.) during a meeting Monday with bipartisan congressional leaders. The leaders were briefed on Ford's plan to grant conditional amnesty to Vietnam draft evaders and deserters. Before Jan. 31 All those wanting to accept the amnesty opportunity would have to turn themselves in be- fore Jan. 31. Draft evaders would report to the U. S. attor- UPI Teicphoio ney where an offense was com- mitted and deserters would re- port to appropriate military commanders. Ford also set up a nine- (Continucd: Page 3, Col. 7.) Soviets Rip Show, Artist for Hooliganism MOSCOW (UPI) A court Monday sentenced one of six persons arrested at Slim would-be outdoor abstract show to 15 days in jail for hooliganism, a dif-viicicnl source Irucks and muscle lo disperse aboiil men. women and chil- dren who galhcred for the noon exhibit in a southwest suburb. During the' disturbance Rus- sians prlled Ihe advancing Sovi- nnr man shouted "it's just like (Vrrhoslovakia." Nadczhda Elskaya was Ihe lu-.sl arlist to be .sentenced from charges arising out of Ihe un- Miccessfiil attempt lo stage Mos- first open air under- ground art display. Official Complaints Hurrau chiefs of The New Yuri; and Ihe Associated Monday lodged official nimplaiiits wilh the foreign over manhandling of Ihrir mi-respondents al Ihr ex- hibil. The U.S. embassy was making a prole.sl. The Soviet Union, which only .--.mi-lion'; arl drpicling list arrested six ar- lisls, manhandled some foreign diplomats and assaulted five Western newsmen. There were no reports of serious injuries. A group of 13 underground ar- tists picked a patch of waste- land in suburban Scmcnovskoye for (he exhibition, hoping the out-of-the-way location would head off troubles wilh Soviet of- ficials. Authorities used an iron fist lo break up the show, however, claiming Ihe rainswept muddy tract southwest of Moscow was needed for building a "park of rest and rullurr." Cracked Tooth I'lainclollics police knocked one American correspondent lo the ground and cracked the loolh of another. During Ihe confrontation, So- viet bulldozers rolled large sew- ago pipes toward Ihe crowd, missing several persons by inches. Plainclolhes police, barked by burly young men claiming lo lie Young Communist League members, ripped Ihe canvases out of the hands of artists. An (HTericd arlis', who was later released, said all confis- (Conlinued: Page 3. Col. -U SAIGON (AP) A hijacker described as a wealthy playboy army captain blew up a South Vietnamese airliner and killed all 71 persons aboard after the pilot refused to fly to Hanoi, of- ficials said Monday. It was Ihe first hijacking to result in a large number of deaths, and the first time a hijacked plane has been blown up in the air. The officials said the hijacker. 31-year-old Le Due Tan, by- passed security checks Sunday when he boarded the Air Viet- nam Boeing 727 at Da Nang for a flight to Saigon. Set Off Grenades Police in Da Nang were re- ported questioning Tan's wife, geant who Ihcy said helped TanjNorth Viclnam even under evade the security check. Officials said when the airliner was about halfway from Da Nang lo Saigon, Tan ordered the pilot lo turn back and fly to the North Vietnamese capital. Instead, the pilot prepared to land at Phan Rang, 100 miles northeast of Saigon, and Tan set off Iwo grenades he had brought aboard the plane, the officials said. Eyewitnesses said the plane made one pass over the airfield, circled back and banked sharp- ly as it approached Ihe runway. They said there ,was an explosion and the plane crashed nose first not far from a minefield. The plane burst into flames when it hit Ihr ground and the who owns a beauty parlor spread to the minefield, set- :mrl an nil- form SPPHI'ilv (Jn.r and an air force security ser Police, Busing Plan Foes Clash Again in Boston BOSTON (UPI) -Defying po- lice, a noisy, unorganized crowd of 200 youths and parents staged an anti-busing march Ihrough a section of south Bos- ton Monday, the third day of a court-ordered plan to integrate Boston's public schools. One arrest was reported. A few youths Ihrcw ash cans at police, and other children ran across the hoods and roofs of parked cars. Some 300 police tried lo con- lain the crowd wilh horses, mo- torcycles and foot patrolmen, but they kepi spilling out and ried lo move up side streets to- ward South Boston high school the most racially troubled of Ihe cily's HO schools affeclcd by Ihe federal court order. Police roadblocks r revolted the group from marching on Ihe school. The inarch began shortly after classes started and as it ap- peared that a black boycott of South Boston high school sof- tened when four buses full of black children attended classes. ting off a claymore antiperson- nel mine. Third Attempt The eight crew members and 59 of the 63 passengers were Vietnamese, according lo the passenger list. The others were two South Koreans, a Filipino and a Frenchman. It was the third attempt in Iwo years all unsuccessful lo hijack a South Viclnamese aircraft lo North Vietnam. Air Viclnam reportedly has ordered its pilots to refuse lo fly lo duress. Observers say the air- line's security precautions have been lax and haphazard, but one official said security mea- sures were being lightened al all airports. Tan's motive was not known yet. Authorities said he had a bachelor of arts degree in polili- cal science, joined the army in 1962 after service in the miiilia as a commando, married in 19G4 and had three children. Al- though assigned to Dalai, he lived in Da Nang and was known there as a wealthy play- boy with a succession of au- tomobiles. Saigon police said Comimi- nisls bombed a government of- fice Monday wounding live per- ms. The bombing was the first act of terrorism in Saigon attributed to Communists since the Jan- Turk Premier To Quit, Ask New Election ANKARA (UPI) Premier uary, 1973, c e a s e-fire, police said. Police said a man and three women on motorbikes hurled the explosives into a downtown juilding and Ihe blast wounded two South Vietnamese military officers and three others. Police described the four as "Communist terrorists" without elaborating. They escaped, wit-' said. Bulent Ecevit, riding the crest ol popularity over his invasion oi Cyprus, said Monday he planned to resign to rid himsel of an undcsircd govcrnmen partner and seek a slrongei mandate in new elections. Ecevit told a news conference he informed President Fahr Koruturk of his inlcntion to re sign and the President approve! his decision. Me said he would seek the views of his Republican People's party Tuesday before joing back to Korulurk to lender his actual resignation. "I believe that it would be appropriate to hold new na- tional elections as soon us Ecevit said. "If this is done, it would be much eas- ier to form a government." He did not mention a possible election date. The premier said he decided lo resign because of disagree- ments with the ultra-conscrva live. Moslem-oriented National Salvation party (NSP) of Vice Premier Nccmettin Erbakan who ho said was placing parJv interests above those of country. On Sunday Erbakan told a (Continued: Page 3. Col. (i.) Senate Republican Whip Rob- ert Griffin oi Michigan eaid nost participants in Ihe briefing vcrc pleased with Ihe make-up Recovery by Nixon Would Take Personal Doctor Says NEW YORK (AP) News- week magazine quotes Ihe per- sonal physician lo former Pres- ident Nixon as saying Nixon's phlebitis condition has deterio- rated until "it's going lo take a miracle for him lo recover. The physician. Maj. Gen. W a 11 e r Tkacii, reportedly added that Nixon's condition is so critical that he did not discuss the situation with 1'at Nixon "lor fear of fright- ening her. he hospital, I'll never come out Icrgate cover-up trial of There has been no comment on Nixon's condition from liis former chief of staff, H. R. Hal- dcman: his ex-domcslic coun- selor, John Ehrlichman, and his San Cleincnle estate, where attorney general, John was in seclusion. Tie to ISreakin Newsweek also quoted an 1111- namrd source close lo the office of special Watergate prosecutor Leon .laworski as saying Nixon knew in advance about the cam- paign intelligence unit that con- jductcd Ihe Watergate breakin. [Mitchell. Promise Broken? Meanwhile. Time Mayor Kevin While railed on! lllis nowl "They can lie Nixon into Ihe ill liquor slores and bars in south Boston to close until at least p.m. and possibly Early estimates were thai about 200 students, including 110 (C'onlinued: Page 3, Col. 5.) (Htnclile Lilllc boy, explaining why he years glasses: "11. keeps Ihe s from hilling me and (he s from kissing me." and I guess thai'.1; Tkach said in the article published Nixon's chronic phlcbili.s has swollen his left leg, and Tkach fears a blood clol might form lhal could lodge! in Ihe cx- Presidenl'.s heart. Nixon and begin intravenous planning of the break-in. Thai's Ihe bottom the source told Newsweek. Newsweek quoted other prose- cution sources as saying: Newly-received White House tapes and other evidence will show Nixon knew Ihe in- clligcncc unit was ready lo un- dertake Watergate-style burgla- irralnienl with aiili-coagulanlsjrics and wiretaps. keep Ihe blood (lowing. Nixiin may have been in- allcmpls lo use Tkach said he will continue offers of executive clemency lo trying lo persuade Nixon lo silence Watergate conspirators. Nixon's Watergate role should magazine said just before he resigned Nixon reneged on an April 29, 1073, promise lo give Haldeman and Ehrlichman presidential pardons. Only hours before he persuad- ed the two men lo resign, Nixon nember Prcsidenlial Clemency Board to handle the cases of those already convicted of draft evasion or absence from mili- tary service. "The board has been instruct- ed lo give priority consideration individuals currently con- the White House press office said in a fact sheet. "The President also has asked thai their confinement, be suspendec as soon as possible, pending the board's review." Ford briefed Republican am Democratic leaders of congres: before making details of the clemency program public. "Rehabilitate" "It is not House Republican Leader John Rhodes said after the briefing. "It sets 'orth a mechanism under which these young men can rehabili- ale themselves "In furtherance of our na- ional commitment to justice and mercy these young Ameri- cans should have the chance to contribute a share lo the re- of peace among our- selves and with all nations. They should be allowed the op- wrlunity to earn return lo their :ountry, their communities and their families, upon their agree- menl to a period of alternate service in the national interest, o g e Hi e r with an acknowl- idgemenl of their allegiance to .he country and its Constitu- tion." Ford described desertion in of the clemency board. However, both Rhodes and Griffin acknowledged that some congressional leaders at the meeting voiced opposition to 7ord's action. The President also provided lor a new type of military dis- charge, a clemency discharge, .ii.it <o to military per- satisfactorily partic- pate.d in the clemency plan. Precise Jobs In a proclamation and accom- panying Ihe executive order es- ablisjiing Ihe program, Ford did not specify the precise kinds alternate service that would )c required. But the While House press of- ice said there would be a ban in jobs "for which 'there arc nort numerous qualified appli- :ants than jobs available." The iress office also said pay would :omparc reasonably with that of lien or women entering mili- ary service. But Ford said no draft evader wartime as a "major, serious offense" and draft evasion as 'a serious offense." "Act of Mercy" "Reconciliation among' our people does not require thai these acls be he added. "Yet, reconciliation calls for 3.'.i act of mercy to bind the nation's wounds and lo heal the scars of divisivcness." Officials said approximately draft evaders are poten- tially eligible for clemency. Of these about already have jeen convicted, an additional 4.350 arc under indictment and arc under investigation. Of those under indictment, ,OBO are listed as fugitives and an estimated of (hem arc in Canada. Officials said 130 persons are presently serving prison sen- tences for draft evasion and presumably arc eligible for rc- (Continucd: Page 3, Col. 0.) War Crific To Head Unit On Clemency WASHINGTON (AP) Presi- dent Ford on Monday designated former Republican Sen. Charles Goodcll of New York, a critic of Ihe Vietnam war, lo be chair- man of Ihe nine-member Presi- dential Clemency Board that consider 'the cases of draft evaders and deserters already convicted by military or civil- ian courts. The other board members re: Dr. Ralph. Adams, presi- vill be given Ihe privilege of '1'roy, Albania; James Doilgo- ompleting a period of alternate 2li- decorated Vietnam omplcting a period i c-rvice in the armed forces. thing to worry about. I'll lakej care of according to Time. But the magazine said the Iwo men were rebuffed when they sought lasl-minutc pardons from Nixon before he resigned last Time quoted one associate of saying, "It's possible that Nixon turned his back on Haldeman and Ehrlichman because his own pardon deal was set and he didn't waul lo queer it by par- emerge quickly during the doning them al Ihe last min- veteran who is a full-time leach- Young Amn leans u ho fled aide of minority students in countries lo avoid Department of Applied crvice would be granted a IS-feehnology, Michigan Tech uni- versity: Los Angeles Lawyer Robert Finch, 51, former secre- tary of health, education and welfare and White House coun- selor in the Nixon administra- tion: The Theodore lles- burgh, 57, president of Univer- sity of Notre Dame. Also Vcrnon Jordan, 39. rx- rciinve director of the National li'rlian League; James Mayo, ,11, Index Comics Crossword Daily He 'ord Deaths Editorial i ratlin's Kami Financial Marion Movies Society Hi 22 Stall-, Television Want Ads executive director of Paralyzed I'I 'VeiiTMis of headquart- I'l 'ered in Washington; Mrs. Aide. ID jCasanas 0'Conncr, assistant [counsel n; Ihe New York Divis- fi.i) jion of Housing and Coii'miunily 15 Renewal in New York City; and .23-27 ,retired marine Lewis Wall, 'til.