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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - September 10, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather- Cliancc of rain to- night iind Wednesday. Lows (anight (it) us. Highs Wednesday, 75 to VOLUME 92-NUMBliU 2U CITY FINAL 15 CENTS CIODAH RAPIDS, IOWA, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 10, 1974 ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES WASHINGTON (AP) oongressional invcsligator alleged improprieties in the L a w EnforcemenL Assistance Administration may be part of a wholesale- subversion of civil service regulations. "We know the Nixon adminis- tration had an avowed aim" of controlling the civil service ma chinery by placing loyalists in liigh-lcvel career positions in possible violation of federal reg- ulations, said Frank Silbey, an investigator on the staff of Rep. John Moss Silbey noted that the Civil Ser- vice Commission has found CM dunce of practices at (lie General Services Administra- tion and the Social and Rehabil- itation Service. The commission has inves- tigated similar allegations al the department of housing and urban development, the state department, the Small Business Administration and several other agencies, but has refused to disclose the findings, Silbcy said. "Ominous Pattern1 "We have a wholesale pattern which seems to have emerged, a very ominous pattern" of pa- tronage appointments through- out government, he said. Moss has asked Attorney Gen- eral Saxbc for a justice depart- ment review of "the activities uncovered al the Social and Re- habilitation Service with a view to bringing possible criminal charges." In an Aug. 15 letter to Saxbc, the congressman said, "Such cumulative actions, involving so many highly placed federal em- ployes over a long period, could not have occurred without some conspiracy to violate civil ser- vice laws and regulations." Silbey said Moss has received no justice department response. The investigator said "inside at LEAA have tom- piained of similar patronage im- proprieties within the crime- fighting agency, which spends nearly billion a year for research and state and local an- ti-crime projects. Silbey de- clined to identify his sources. Probe Begun T h e allegations prompted Moss to request investigations by the General Accounting Of- fice and the Civil Service Com- mission. Meantime, the justice depart- ment began investigating the allegations Monday at the re- quest of the new LEAA adminis- trator, Richard Vckle. Investigators are examining whether regulations designed to give career workers 'a fairj chance at promotions were by- passed in order to fill top-level jobs with outsiders chosen for political reasons, said 0. T. Tclcpliolo WELL-WISHERS Pupils of Moon junior high in Pittsburgh reach out to shake hands with Presi- dent Ford as he visits their school after addressing th e sixth international conference on urban transporta- tion. By The Associated Press Twenty-three of the- 50 slate attorneys general disapprove of 'resident Ford's unconditional >ardon of Richard Nixon, say- ng it was precipitous and cs- ablishos a double standard of usticc. Seven attorneys general approve. "This action repudiates the basic American belief that no nan is above the said Michigan Attorney General Frank Kelley, a Democrat, in a! statement echoed by many of proved of the pardon gave scv-INixon has not admitted to any oral basic reasons: it. was. ill-timed, and. Ford should have waited until Nixon was accused convicted of ils colleagues. The Associated Press attempt- id to contact all 50 chief state egal officers for their views-on he pardon Ford issued Sunday and what it means. Seven were nreachable. Of the 43 attorneys joneral who answered, 18 Dein- icrats and five Republicans aid they disapproved; six Rc- jublicans and one Democrat, pprovcd; five declined to com- ment; and eight said they had nixed feelings. Basic Reasons The legal experts who disap- somelhing in the courts before he issued any pardon. The action sets a double stan- dard of justice one for the fofmer President and another for everyone else. Pardoning Nixon raises ques- tions about pending .Watergate trials. Those who approved generally (criminal wrongdoing." North Carolina Attorney Gen cral James Carson, a Republi can, disagreed and said he sup ported Ford's action. "I have felt Mr. Nixon has been pun ished sufficiently. I do not think it's in the national interest to prosecute him further." The president and president- elect of the National Association of Attorneys General both ex- pressed disapproval of the par- don. jfelt that Nixon had suffered enough in resigning the presi- dency and agreed with Ford that it would be months and possibly years before the former Chief Executive could j get a fair court trial. "Too Broad" New Mexico Attorney General David Norvcll, a Democrat, said he disapproved of the par- don. "I think it w.as too broad in that it does not specify what, if any, crimes it was intended to cover aside from Watergate and I think it was premature in that "Without Precedent" Robert Qninn of Mas- Closed Ufility Rafe Talks Ruled Out After Protests Berkman, a justice department official familiar with the probe. investigators also are examin- ing charges that LEAA officials who objected to the practice were transferred or demoted. Vcldc said there are no alle- gations of criminal wrongdoing. Berkman said, "al this stage of the game, we're not aware of any criminal conduct." Silbey said criminal conduct could be invoK'.-..' if there was a conspir- acy to violate civil service regu- lations. WASHINGTON (AP) Trea- sury Secretary Simon and other federal officials reportedly plan lo urge state public utility com- missioners Wednesday to speed action on rate increase requests from electric utilities. The gist of the message will be that the utilities need higher rales to cover their increased c o s I s. a treasury department source said. A treasury spokesman saio nearly 100 .slate public utility operation. "The decision to close the meeting was never really fina- said a treasury spokes- man, although he acknowledged the decision to open it was not made until after protests were received; Administration officials, led by Simon, have said repeatedly that electrical utilities are un- able lo get rate increases fast enough from state commissions lo cover their rising costs ofi sachusctts, the president of the association and a candidate for Ihe Democratic gubernatorial nomination in today's primary, said the pardon "presumes both Mr. Nixon's guilt and gives preference to his status This action is without precedent in our history." Warren Rudnian of- New Hampshire, a Republican and the president-elect of the group, said: "In my view, the action was premature. I believe the Light Voter Turnout at R.Polls C. commissioners would attend. He said Hie meeting was set up Several consumer-oriented groups, including The Environ- j ito coincide wilh a conference ofimcnlal Action Foundation of line National Assn. of sent a letter loj ry L'lilily Commi.'.'-'ioners Friday asking that con- liershey. Pa. Balloting in Tuesday's school board election was described as "very light" by election clerks contacted by The Gazette short- ly before noon. According lo figures from 37 of 40 Cedar Rapids precincts C. R. Polls Close af 8 p.m. climate of equal justice for al would have been heller main tained had Mr. Nixon been charged wilh any of the offenses of which Ihe special prosecutor believed he was guilty Democratic attorneys genera who disapproved of ihe pardoi were from Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Idaho, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mas- sachusetts, Michigan, New Jer- sey, New Mexico, Ohio, Penn- sylvania, South Carolina, South Jakola, Texas, Virginia and West Virginia. Iowa Xol Reached Republicans disapproving verc from California, Colorado, vlonlana, New Hampshire and Vermont. The lone Democrat to approve vas from Mississippi. The Re- niblicans who roip Arizona, approved are Maine, North Carolina, North Dakota, Wash- nglon and Wyoming. The attorneys general of e o r g i a Hawaii, Nebraska, 'ennessee and Wisconsin had no -ommenl. Those from Alaska, )elaware, -Florida, Maryland, Vlinnesota, New York, Oregon and Rhode Island gave no clear inswer. Unrcachable were the atlor- icys general from Illinois, In- liana, Iowa, Missouri, Nevada, Oklahoma, and Utah. WASHINGTON (AP) Prcs- dent Ford Tuesday authorized spokesman to announce lhal he question of pardons for all hose connected with the Water- gate scandals "is now under iludy." Acling Press Secretary John lushcn startled reporters with lie unexpected disclosure ar.d aid, "I can give you no further guidance." Hushen made it clear possible jardons were being considered or those already convicted of Vatergale-relaled crimes as veil as those who may face trial n the future. Before Sunday? While House Counsel Philip Buchen had told reporters 'Sun- day no thought had been given o f.uch a question. Hushen said he did nol know vhether the study was launched )cfore Ford's Sunday announce- nent of unconditional pardon :or former President Nixon. "1 think those factors have been taken into he replied, adding that the inilia- ,ion of a study did not mean pardons would be granted. Cover-Up Trial Asked if he felt the schedule! Sept. 30 trial of six key Walcr- gato defendants could go for- ward in the wake of the While House announcement, Hushen said, "I believe it can." Hushen was asked by a re porlcr if he understood the like ly consequences of his an nounccmenl and its impact 01 (lie American people. In first disclosing the study Hushen gave no. indication ol who had authorized the slate mcnl. Later, in response to E question, he said, "The Pres- ident authorized me to make that." that listed 10 matters now under investigation, in addition to the Watergate cover-up, that "may prove to have some direct con- nection lo activities in. which Mr. Nixon is personally in- volved." Nol "Probable" The memo, to special prosecu- tor Leon Jaworski from his dep- uty, Henry Rulh, said: "None of these matters at the moment rises to the level of our (Photos on Picture Page) ability to prove even a probable criminal violation by Mr. Nixon, but J thoughl you oughl lo know which of the pending investiga- tions were even remotely con- nected to Mr. Nixon." Saying he acted with vorski's permission, but with understanding the White iouse would take full responsi- lility, Buchen made public the 1st of the following 10 inquiries: Tax deductions claimed by for Ihe gifl of his vice- prcsidenlial papers lo the gov- ernment; the obstruction of jus- tice plea by former Nixon aide Charles Colson in the Ellsberg burglary case; "transfer of the national security wiretap records from the FBI lo the While wiretapping of one-time While House aide John Sears and misuse of information from the Internal Revenue Serv- ice. Also misuse of the IRS through attempted initiation of tax audits of White House "ene- Ihe relationship of dairy industry campaign pledges to a price support change; "a chal- lenge to the Washington Pos.t ownership of two Florida televi- sion "false and eva- sive testimony" at confirmation Thinks It's Right He said that despite the furor jroused by the Nixon pardon '.he President "still thinks it's he righl decision and he will bt )roven right in the long run." As for Ford's personal reac- ion lo (he storm of criticism, lushen replied, "1 certainly vuuld nut describe the Pres- dcnt as being surprised. He hasc in the search for a Middle East peace settlement. U. S. officials expect his talks with Secretary of Slate Kis- singer to clarify prospects for leanngs Jencral for former Attorney Kleindiensl, "as to While House participation in ustice department decisions about ITT." The 10th mailer under invos- igation, according to Ihe docu- menl, was "Ihe handling of lampaign contributions by Mr. Charles G. Rcbozo for the per- sonal benefit of Mr. Nixon." Bad Reaction Initial reaction in congress lo the new pardon announcemenl was adverse. House Speaker Carl Albert (D-Okla.) said such pardons "would be viewed as an abuse of presidential power." Senator Byrd (D-W.Va.) said new pardons "would complete the cover-up of the cover-up." Senator Sparkman (D-Ala.) said pardons confront Ford with trouble "with the whole field of amnesty." Impeachment Drive In response lo the Nixon par- don, a National Committee To mpeach President Ford is )eing formed in California, (wo Ohio ministers have called for a pecial presidential election and n estimated persons dcm- nstralcd in Wisconsin. Arthur Schaffer, a professor f constitutional law al Western tale university and former as- slanl district attorney in San Francisco, and Larry Schwartz, history professor al San Diego Cily college, said on Monday they are forming the impeach- ment committee. "Ultimate Cover-Up" -Schaffer termed the pardon "the ultimate cover-up, attempt- ing lo foreclose any investiga- tion, indictment or trial of Mr. Nixon." Schaffer and Schwartz both were aclive in the American Civil Liberties Union campaign for the impeachment of Nixon. They accused Ford of ob- structing justice by pardoning Nixon ami of destroying evi- dence through the agreement which gives Nixon ownership of the Watergate tapes and allows him to destroy them after five years. "To grant a pardon for an in- dividual who has not even been charged with a crime" is un- orecedcnlcd in legal history, Schaffer said. Graft over Cancer" In Cleveland, Ohio, the Revs. Richard A. Carley and Paul E. Johnson termed the pardon "u skin graft over a cancer" and called for a special presidential the next move in the settlement! with the Arabs. election. At Ihe moment. Ihcv say ihe! lhlllks Watergate will most likelv next slop is but we arc far from lion either lo withdraw Israeli I said the Rev. Mr, Carley, troops along the West Bank 0ficxmltlVL' "''esuyter uf the Iho Jordan river or to further the Western Reserve of the United Presbyterian Church of the U.S., and Ihe Rev. prcs- disengage Israeli and Egyptian troops in the Sinai or lo do bothj at once. General Agreement Hcv lint they stressed in in a telegram that a spc- said the delay resulted from Ihe of Habit's late afternoon arrival Icial election was needed to re- nccd for "getting an awful lot of Tuesday that Ihe quest for anjslore the people's trust in the complex details put settlement depends administration. not from a change in policy. The Veterans of Foreign Wars appealed to Ford on Monday not to relate the Nixon pardon to I5-I7 any public announcemenl on Ihe Federal Energy road: "lioad closed. Do nol might lead to a broader, less amnesty for draft dodgers and IB jlioncd in a calendar of events Knergy Commission and] sign was painlcd: "Wrl- 22-25 jllif- Federal Power Comnn.ssion.iDu'cclOr John Nassikas of thej come back, stupid." .if iconditional program Vietnam group. for Ihe deserters. They said Ibr Presi- dent should leave it general agreement among the Arab states and Israel. The Wisconsin who marched around the state Hut. llushen emphasized Ihatjam! civilian courts to deci ;'I'V'nl li.i.> lioi chiii'ijji'd lib uhrtl'ier ioriit'nry is Kissinger will give Rabin, a cnpitol at Madison in protest of former Israeli ambassador lojlhe pardon, also called for am- Washington with whom he has nesty for Vietnam war draft worked closely in the past, a token memorial for t lo Kissinger's talks the overthrown Allcndn govern- s to decid" 'lcri' Hussein uf Jor-.nu'nt of ('bile and an anniver.-wi-
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